An Experimental Study Of The Differences Between "Just" And "Only": Npi Licensing And Modal Scope, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
An Experimental Study Of The Differences Between "Just" And "Only": Npi Licensing And Modal Scope, Taletha Callahan-Kanik
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Throughout much of the theoretical semantic literature, the two exclusives only and just have been assumed identical in their structures and semantics. This manuscript contests that assumption, using parallel examples with negative polarity items (NPIs) and modals to demonstrate the asymmetry of these exclusives. After reviewing the existing theoretical literature, I utilize these examples to inform an experimental study centering around NPIs. This experiment (influenced by Chemla, Homer, and Rothschild (2011)) employs an acceptability judgment task where participants (n=90) are asked to judge sentences containing negation, only, and just (both with and without NPIs) on a 6-point scale.
Tonogenesis In Korean, 2018 College of William and Mary
Tonogenesis In Korean, Anna Henshaw
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The Korean language appears to be in a transitory state, with some evidence supporting the emergence of a phonemic tonal contrast, and other evidence pointing more towards phonetic variation in vowel pitch. Most theories of tonogenesis are based upon the idea that consonants influence the sounds around them, which makes Korean a particularly interesting case due to its unusual series of three-way contrasting consonants. This paper traces the trajectory of Korean’s consonants over the last century, investigates evidence for and against an emerging tonal contrast in Korean, and describes my own parallel experiment in English and the implications it ...
The Rhetoric Is On The Wall: A Multimodal Study Of The U.S. – Mexico Border Through Image Narratives, 2018 University of Washington Tacoma
The Rhetoric Is On The Wall: A Multimodal Study Of The U.S. – Mexico Border Through Image Narratives, Kristoffer Mason
Global Honors Theses
This paper applied social semiotics and systemic functional theory to study visual narratives related to President Trump’s border wall project and U.S. immigration policy. The images were selected by new articles posted by The New York Times using search parameters “border wall” and “undocumented immigration” between the dates of March 13 – April 13, 2018. Images were selected and categorized based on visual themes related to the border wall and policy enforcement. Of these categories, two images were selected for vertical perspective, vector patterns, and gestures to discover the narratives. Analysis of the images showed that social power and ...
The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, 2018 Cedarville University
The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
Second language development is an important topic of discussion in an increasingly multilingual world. This study aims to examine and detail research on the effects of code-mixing (CM) on second language development, answering how CM facilitates or constrains second language acquisition. Peer-reviewed articles on the topic published between 2013 and 2018 were examined and synthesized. Language learners/multilinguals answered questionnaires about their views on CM and second language acquisition, and a language teacher was interviewed regarding use of L1 in the language classroom and CM as a pedagogical tool. This study found that CM can be a beneficial tool for ...
Addressing The Assumption; A Case Study On Student Motivations And Barriers To Study Second Language Abroad, 2018 SIT Graduate Institute
Addressing The Assumption; A Case Study On Student Motivations And Barriers To Study Second Language Abroad, Rebecca Schano
Historically, second language learning and study abroad programming have run in natural conjunction. However, in recent years there has been a slow but steady decline in the number of foreign language students in higher education who are choosing to study abroad to further their second language acquisition. This study explores this topic through a case study at Marquette University, and aims to answer the research question: What are the motivations and barriers of foreign language students to study their second language abroad? Using a student survey and in-person interviews with professionals in the field, data is collected on the most ...
A Glimpse Into Amazighophone Technology Usage An Example Of The Results Of Short-Term Ethnography, Garrison Smith
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
This paper explores the situation of the Amazigh language and its revitalization in Morocco, specifically aiming to shed light on the intersections of language use, technology, and youth, in order to obtain insight into processes that Amazighophone youth both undergo and enact in their lives. Through literature review and an interview, this research provides a glimpse into the use and reality of Amazigh and variants in technological media and an example of the shortcomings of a short-termed fieldwork research project. In all, despite only having one interview with one young woman who attends university and speaks Amazigh, the results provide ...
Topical Advection As A Baseline Model For Corpus-Based Lexical Dynamics, 2018 Centre for Language Evolution, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh
Topical Advection As A Baseline Model For Corpus-Based Lexical Dynamics, Andres Karjus, Richard A. Blythe, Simon Kirby, Kenny Smith
Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics
An important question in the field of corpus-based evolutionary language dynamics research is concerned with distinguishing selection-driven linguistic change from neutral evolution, and from changes stemming from language-external factors (cultural drift). A commonly used proxy for the popularity or selective fitness of an element is its corpus frequency. However, a number of recent works have pointed out that raw frequencies can often be misleading. We propose a model for controlling for drift in contextual topics in corpora - the topical-cultural advection model - and demonstrate that this simple measure is capable of accounting for a considerable amount of variability in word frequency ...
Internal Structure Of Semelfactive Predicates In English, 2018 University of Montana
Internal Structure Of Semelfactive Predicates In English, Lynn C. Nelson
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
This thesis presents an analysis of the internal structure of semelfactive predicates. I propose that the lexical aspect class of semelfactives consists of three sub-categories: (i) semelfactive predicates with internal plurality, (ii) semelfactive predicates which are uni-directional and (iii) semelfactive predicates with plurality of participants. Based on these sub-categories, I further propose that the feature of instantaneity attributed to semelfactives (Smith 1997), should not be used, as semelfactives are in actuality not instantaneous events. Furthermore, I propose that an additional feature of atomicity, which distinguishes between events with plurality and those without, should be added to the binary features of ...
“I Am Also A Colorado Native”: A Perspective Of Identity-Work In Conversation, 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder
“I Am Also A Colorado Native”: A Perspective Of Identity-Work In Conversation, Brittney Johnston
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Identity is socially constructed and emerges through discourse, where identity is claimed, negotiated and challenged through linguistic practices. Both on-record and off-record linguistic resources are utilized as mechanisms of identity construction and negotiation. This project involves analyzing a conversation among a focus group of four individuals, who are negotiating the identity, “Colorado native”. The research draws upon conventions of conversation analysis to reveal identity-work that is being done in a minute-long segment of conversation; more specifically, this research builds upon current linguistic research done by Bucholtz and Hall (2005) and Kitzinger (2005), as well as focuses on off-record elements of ...
Reviews Of Barbara Johnstone, The Linguistic Individual, 2017 Carnegie Mellon University
Reviews Of Barbara Johnstone, The Linguistic Individual, Barbara Johnstone
Improving Reading Through Fine Motor Skill Development In First Grade, 2017 Dominican University of California
Improving Reading Through Fine Motor Skill Development In First Grade, Tyler West-Higgins
Master's Theses and Capstone Projects
Children who struggle with learning to read in first grade, fall behind, and have difficulty catching up with their peers. Research has shown students who struggle to read in first grade, also struggle to read in later years. The purpose of this study was to determine if an intervention to enhance fine motor skills to a select group of students in one class room increased their reading abilities. This was a mixed methods research study which assessed the quantitative data from the running record assessments, and the qualitative data taken by teacher-aide during assessment process post fine motor intervention. This ...
A Jawn By Any Other Name: A Sociolinguistic Analysis Of The Philadelphia Dialect, 2017 La Salle University
A Jawn By Any Other Name: A Sociolinguistic Analysis Of The Philadelphia Dialect, Ryan Wall
This paper investigates the history of the Philadelphia dialect and analyzes how trends in immigration, migration, and socioeconomic status have affected it. Drawing upon academic and popular sources, the paper examines how the dialect has changed over time and how it might continue to evolve in the future.
Language Learning And Metacognition: An Intervention To Improve Language Classrooms, 2017 Missouri State University
Language Learning And Metacognition: An Intervention To Improve Language Classrooms, Rebecca Elise Knoph
MSU Graduate Theses
In the USA, the trend of increase in foreign language enrollments at the college level has suddenly begun to decline since 2009, despite the notion that learning multiple languages is becoming essential for effectively communicating with others from diverse native language backgrounds. This new decline may be due in part to inefficient and outdated foreign language courses. The current study examined the effect of how we assess our current knowledge and learning techniques (metacognition) on educational outcomes in hopes to improve the effectiveness of the university classrooms. College students were exposed to new metacognitive strategies that could benefit their language ...
The Transcoding Of “Women Empowerment” As “Empoderamiento De La Mujer”: A Post-Colonial Translation Theory For Transnational Feminist Rhetorics, Cristina Sanchez-Martin
In the work of transnational feminist scholars, there is a share interest in investigating the colonial practices that affect women’s lives around the globe. In “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” (1986) Mohanty claims that scholars in the field should “detect (…) colonialist move(s) in the case of a hegemonic first-third world connection in scholarship” (349) in order to recognize the peculiarities of the cultures whose discourses are being created and thus, avoid the universalization and “homogenization of class, race, religious, cultural and historical specificities of the lives of women” (348). In this regard, Dingo touches upon ...
The Power Of Prayer, 2017 SIT Graduate Institute
The Power Of Prayer, Victoria Dawn Thompson
If words are arbitrary, how does prayer have power?” is the question of inquiry in this paper. An unobtrusive Content Analysis inquiry methodology was used to answer this question. The answer lies in the finding that words and thoughts are not the same thing, and our thoughts expand beyond the audible and visible. The implication for professional practice these findings present is that a deeper awareness of “Self” is needed to understand people’s miraculous way of resolving conflict via prayer.
Bilingual And Bimodal Expression: The Creolization In Edwidge Danticat's Oeuvre, 2017 Dickinson College
Bilingual And Bimodal Expression: The Creolization In Edwidge Danticat's Oeuvre, Anna Robinette
Student Honors Theses By Year
Although scholars have identified and celebrated the multicultural nature of Edwidge Danticat’s fiction, little scholarship exists that examines the complexity and significance of her multilingual craft. In response, this paper provides examples of translation, theme, motif, and structure found across all of Danticat’s works that illuminate the ways in which Danticat’s use of language mirrors the créolité and creole identities in today’s global, post-colonial world. Using creolization theory as a lens for critical analysis, this essay investigates the ways in which Danticat blends English and Kreyòl, written and oral literary traditions to build a new genre ...
The Sounds Of Silence; Or, Isabella’S Counter Discourse In Measure For Measure, 2017 CUNY Hunter College
The Sounds Of Silence; Or, Isabella’S Counter Discourse In Measure For Measure, Gina Vivona
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
This argument reshapes the thinking about masculine dominance in Measure for Measure, and considers the patriarchy as a series of socially constructed, hence artificial, rules and regulations. It also explores how Isabella’s discourse and celibacy empower her to defy the constraints of early modern paradigms and achieve individual freedom.
“A Show About Language”: A Linguistic Investigation Of The Creation Of Humor In Seinfeld, 2017 East Tennessee State University
“A Show About Language”: A Linguistic Investigation Of The Creation Of Humor In Seinfeld, Lindsey N. King
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study investigates the creation of humor in the dialog of the television sit-com Seinfeld to gain a deeper understanding of humor techniques in a long format. By analyzing six episodes of the series, it is seen that the Incongruity Theory of Humor, violations of Grice’s maxims of the Cooperative Principle, and perspective clashes (such as miscommunications) are essential to the humor throughout each episode.
Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, Raleigh Anne Butler
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, 2017 Georgia State University
The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, Joanne Wu
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.