Cognitive Sociology, 2017 CUNY Graduate Center
Cognitive Sociology, Michael W. Raphael
Publications and Research
Cognitive sociology is the study of the conditions under which meaning is constituted through processes of reification. Cognitive sociology traces its origins to writings in the sociology of knowledge, sociology of culture, cognitive and cultural anthropology, and more recently, work done in cultural sociology and cognitive science. Its central questions revolve around locating these processes of reification since the locus of cognition is highly contentious. Researchers consider how individuality is related to notions of society (structures, institutions, systems, etc.) and notions of culture (cultural forms, cultural structures, sub-cultures, etc.). These questions further explore how these answers depend on learning processes ...
If It Looks Like A *Uck: A Provocation On B*D Words, 2016 University of Akron
If It Looks Like A *Uck: A Provocation On B*D Words, Jodi Kearns, Brian C. O'Connor
Proceedings from the Document Academy
For some decades, we’ve been considering (and using) “b*d” words. Such a large part of the document space is made up of words; it seems necessary, upon occasion, to explore the crooked little paths and messy gutters occupied by some words. We invite your company on such a little exploration now.
Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, Michelle A. Mcsweeney
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation identifies three types of language skills that urban Spanish/English bilingual youth possess (academic, social, and texting language), and reports on their relationship while documenting and analyzing the features of text messaging among this population. The participants in this study are Spanish-dominant bilingual young adults enrolled in a high school completion program in New York City. They are in the process of developing both Spanish and English academic literacy skills, and it is well known that they tend to perform below the grade they are enrolled in. For this reason, they are often referred to as being “language-less ...
Don’T Heed The Animals, 2016 Butler University
Don’T Heed The Animals, Jeremiah Farrell
Jeremiah Farrell's contribution to "Will Weng's Crossword Puzzles" vol. 11, edited by Will Weng.
Cover Puzzle, 2016 Butler University
Cover Puzzle, Jeremiah Farrell
Crossword Puzzle featured on the cover of "The Playful Brian: The Surprising Science of How Puzzles Improve your Mind".
From Building Vocabulary To Talking About Family Traditions Together: Discussions On The Facebook Group “Hoisan Phrases 學講台山話”, 2016 University of San Francisco
From Building Vocabulary To Talking About Family Traditions Together: Discussions On The Facebook Group “Hoisan Phrases 學講台山話”, Melissa Chen, Genevieve Leung
Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD
This poster focuses on online discourses of an online Facebook group - “Hoisan Phrases.” “Hoisan Phrases” is used to construct positive ideologies about Hoisan-wa. Using multicompetence and symbolic competence frameworks, these online interactions are sites where Hoisan-wa speakers engage in the ability “to perform and construct various historicities in dialogue with others” (Kramsch & Whiteside). Humor serves as a way of moving beyond negative ideologies of Hoisan-wa. Data comes from a corpus of three years’ worth of posts. The data demonstrates a re-envisioning of the way we view Hoisan-wa vis-à-vis online communication, and expands the domains of language use.
Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, 2016 Cedarville University
Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, Rachel M. Schloneger
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
This study seeks to understand how the presence of spelling errors affects readers’ perceptions of an author’s intelligence and writing ability. Undergraduate students and professors read a short essay and completed a sixteen-question questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the author and the essay. The number of spelling errors present (zero, five, or ten) in the essay was manipulated by the researcher. Participant perceptions of the author and the essay suffered as more spelling errors were found. Participants in the five- and ten-error conditions judged both the author and the essay more harshly, giving it lower scores. Further, intelligence ratings ...
Linguistic Qualities Of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Public Addresses: A Primary Source Based Study, 2016 Georgia State University
Linguistic Qualities Of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Public Addresses: A Primary Source Based Study, Ashleigh Cox
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, 2016 Purdue University
Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar
Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Partnerships for Purpose; March 1, 2017
This project of Pax Populi was presented to the students in the Honors course called Beyond Afghanistan taught by Dr. Brite as an opportunity to do service learning. The goal of Pax Populi as taken from their mission statement is to “put the tools of peacemaking into the hands of ordinary people through initiatives that advance peace through education and economic development within a framework of human rights.”
The tool we used in this case was Skype web conferencing to communicate with an Afghan tutee the students were individually partnered up with to teach English skills to whether they be ...
The Howl: Otterbein Community Profiles, 2016 Otterbein University
The Howl: Otterbein Community Profiles
The Howl: Otterbein ESL Publication
The Howl is a magazine that is planned, researched, written, photographed and formatted by Otterbein University’s English as a Second Language students.
The magazine serves to give them a safe space in which to use their voice to share their cultures, experiences and lives. Native English speakers are also encouraged to submit within the theme of the magazine: multicultural and multi-language experiences. If interested in submitting to the Howl, submit to our Digital Commons site.
Please enjoy Otterbein ESL’s contribution to the Otterbein community’s literary scene.
Parental Directiveness And Responsivity Toward Young Children With Complex Communication Needs, 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Parental Directiveness And Responsivity Toward Young Children With Complex Communication Needs, Shari L. Deveney, Cynthia J. Cress, Matthew Lambert
Special Education and Communication Disorders Faculty Publications
Purpose: The aim of the present study was to determine if parent responsiveness to their children with complex communication needs (CCN) during naturalistic play changed over an 18-month period and determine if any such changes were influenced by the child’s overall level of receptive and expressive language development, motor development or differing play contexts. This longitudinal information is important for early intervention speech-language pathologists and parents of children with developmental disabilities for whom the use of parent-directed responsivity interventions may be encouraged.
Method: Over an 18-month period, 37 parents of young children who had physical and/or neurological disabilities ...
Austerity And Its Effects On Neoliberal Industrial Policy: The Case Of Enterprise Policy In Ireland, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
Austerity And Its Effects On Neoliberal Industrial Policy: The Case Of Enterprise Policy In Ireland, Ewan Macdonald, John Hogan, Brendan O'Rourke
This paper seeks to explore the logic of actually existing austerity and its effects on the development of enterprise policy in the Republic of Ireland. It asks the following question: in what manner has enterprise policy been affected by the Irish experience of austerity? Neoliberal austerity is not merely state parsimony; after all the austerity of post-WWII United Kingdom, with its frugal construction of national health and welfare systems, is far from the austerity advocated by Merkel and Cameron today. In light of this, there are a large number of factors which have led to the unique development of actually ...
Experiences Learning English: A Case Study Of Adult Immigrants In Portland, Maine, Usa, 2016 SIT Graduate Institute
Experiences Learning English: A Case Study Of Adult Immigrants In Portland, Maine, Usa, Pamela L. Kasabian
MA TESOL Collection
The paper examines the process of English language acquisition for adult immigrants living in Portland, Maine, USA. The focus is on the process of language acquisition and integration into a new linguistic culture through analysis of personally narrated experiences of adult immigrants living in Portland, Maine. It seeks to expose similarities within highly individualistic linguistic journeys that contribute to investment and engagement in learning. In reviewing the data generated by the interviews, I hope to find situations to more deeply explore that could influence a more reciprocal learning culture for the mutual benefit of the language learner and the community ...
On The Polysemy Of The Lithuanian Už. A Cognitive Perspective, 2015 Vilnius University
On The Polysemy Of The Lithuanian Už. A Cognitive Perspective, Inesa Šeškauskienė, Eglė Žilinskaitė-Šinkūnienė
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication
Adhering to the principle of motivated polysemy, this paper sets out to demonstrate how the principle works in interpreting numerous senses of the Lithuanian preposition už ‘behind, beyond’. The present investigation relies on the cognitive linguistic framework employed, first of all, by Lakoff (1987), Langacker (1987), Talmy (2000), Tyler and Evans (2003), and Tyler (2012), who mainly worked on English, and such linguists as Tabakowska (2003, 2010) and Shakhova and Tyler (2010), who attempted to investigate inflecting languages, such as Polish and Russian. Based on such semantic principles as types of Figure and Ground, their relationship (geometric, functional, etc.), contextual ...
Intuitive Direction Concepts, 2015 Pennsylvania State University
Intuitive Direction Concepts, Alexander Klippel, Jan Oliver Wallgrün, Jinlong Yang, Kevin Sparks
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication
Experiments in this article test the hypothesis that formal direction models used in artificial intelligence correspond to intuitive direction concepts of humans. Cognitively adequate formal models of spatial relations are important for information retrieval tasks, cognitive robotics, and multiple spatial reasoning applications. We detail two experiments using two objects (airplanes) systematically located in relation to each other. Participants performed a grouping task to make their intuitive direction concepts explicit. The results reveal an important, so far insufficiently discussed aspect of cognitive direction concepts: Intuitive (natural) direction concepts do not follow a one-size-fits-all strategy. The behavioral data only forms a clear ...
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, 2015 Liberty University
Nonstandard Languages: The Outcasts Of The Language Revitalization Movement, Whitney Snowden
Senior Honors Theses
This thesis compares the failures of the creolization movement with the success of the language revitalization movement and seeks to determine which elements are missing from the former to make it as successful as the latter. Education policy, identity, and language ideology are all examined as contributors to the future success of creole inclusivity in education and society, as well as the potential benefits such a movement would include. Specifically examined are Siegel’s research on creole education and Armstrong’s work on language ideology.
Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, 2015 Western Michigan University
Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, Robert E. Vann
Empowering All Who Teach: A Portrait Of Two Non-Native English Speaking Teachers In A Globalized 21st Century, 2015 Portland State University
Empowering All Who Teach: A Portrait Of Two Non-Native English Speaking Teachers In A Globalized 21st Century, Rosa Dene David
Dissertations and Theses
One of most prevalent issues surrounding English education internationally is the differentiation between Native English-Speaking Teachers (NESTs) and Non-native English-Speaking Teachers (NNESTs). What is sometimes termed the "Native speaker fallacy" is the notion that in order to be a proficient teacher of the English language one must either be a native speaker or possess native like fluency (Phillipson, 1992). This position is furthered by Hollidays Native Speakerism (Holliday, 2006) which suggests that within the field of English Language Teaching (ELT) there is an assumption that NESTs are better equipped to teach English language learners due to language proficiency and Western ...
Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, 2015 Portland State University
Sound Effects: Age, Gender, And Sound Symbolism In American English, Timothy Allen Krause
Dissertations and Theses
This mixed-method study investigated the correlation of sound symbolic associations with age and gender by analyzing data from a national survey of 292 American English speakers. Subjects used 10 semantic differential scales to rate six artificial brand names that targeted five phonemes. Subjects also described the potential products they imagined these artificial brand names to represent. Quantitative analysis alone provided insufficient evidence to conclude that age or gender affect sound symbolism in American English. While 26 out of 60 scales showed a monotonic shift among the means of the three age groups, only three were statistically significant. The evidence of ...
Distinctiveness Of Pakistani English In Online Travel Guides Of Pakistan, 2015 M Phil Linguistics, Department of English, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
Distinctiveness Of Pakistani English In Online Travel Guides Of Pakistan, Mehwish Noor, Behzad Anwar, Bahram Kazemian, Riaz Ahmed Mangrio, Fakharh Muhabat
The study highlights the distinctive features of Pakistani English (PE) in a new genre: online travel guides of Pakistan uploaded by Pakistan Tourism. The data has been gathered through internet resource. British National Corpus has been used for the conformation of the distinctiveness of those features. The features highlighted in the paper validate the previous studies in order to take a serious step towards the codification of PE. It also presents new features such as a divergent use of punctuation and orthography of compound words from BSE and contributes to the existing body of knowledge. It is helpful for the ...