Topical Advection As A Baseline Model For Corpus-Based Lexical Dynamics, 2018 Centre for Language Evolution, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh
Topical Advection As A Baseline Model For Corpus-Based Lexical Dynamics, Andres Karjus, Richard A. Blythe, Simon Kirby, Kenny Smith
Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics
An important question in the field of corpus-based evolutionary language dynamics research is concerned with distinguishing selection-driven linguistic change from neutral evolution, and from changes stemming from language-external factors (cultural drift). A commonly used proxy for the popularity or selective fitness of an element is its corpus frequency. However, a number of recent works have pointed out that raw frequencies can often be misleading. We propose a model for controlling for drift in contextual topics in corpora - the topical-cultural advection model - and demonstrate that this simple measure is capable of accounting for a considerable amount of variability in word frequency ...
Language Learning And Metacognition: An Intervention To Improve Language Classrooms, 2017 Missouri State University
Language Learning And Metacognition: An Intervention To Improve Language Classrooms, Rebecca Elise Knoph
MSU Graduate Theses
In the USA, the trend of increase in foreign language enrollments at the college level has suddenly begun to decline since 2009, despite the notion that learning multiple languages is becoming essential for effectively communicating with others from diverse native language backgrounds. This new decline may be due in part to inefficient and outdated foreign language courses. The current study examined the effect of how we assess our current knowledge and learning techniques (metacognition) on educational outcomes in hopes to improve the effectiveness of the university classrooms. College students were exposed to new metacognitive strategies that could benefit their language ...
The Transcoding Of “Women Empowerment” As “Empoderamiento De La Mujer”: A Post-Colonial Translation Theory For Transnational Feminist Rhetorics, Cristina Sanchez-Martin
In the work of transnational feminist scholars, there is a share interest in investigating the colonial practices that affect women’s lives around the globe. In “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” (1986) Mohanty claims that scholars in the field should “detect (…) colonialist move(s) in the case of a hegemonic first-third world connection in scholarship” (349) in order to recognize the peculiarities of the cultures whose discourses are being created and thus, avoid the universalization and “homogenization of class, race, religious, cultural and historical specificities of the lives of women” (348). In this regard, Dingo touches upon ...
The Power Of Prayer, 2017 SIT Graduate Institute
The Power Of Prayer, Victoria Dawn Thompson
If words are arbitrary, how does prayer have power?” is the question of inquiry in this paper. An unobtrusive Content Analysis inquiry methodology was used to answer this question. The answer lies in the finding that words and thoughts are not the same thing, and our thoughts expand beyond the audible and visible. The implication for professional practice these findings present is that a deeper awareness of “Self” is needed to understand people’s miraculous way of resolving conflict via prayer.
Bilingual And Bimodal Expression: The Creolization In Edwidge Danticat's Oeuvre, 2017 Dickinson College
Bilingual And Bimodal Expression: The Creolization In Edwidge Danticat's Oeuvre, Anna Robinette
Student Honors Theses By Year
Although scholars have identified and celebrated the multicultural nature of Edwidge Danticat’s fiction, little scholarship exists that examines the complexity and significance of her multilingual craft. In response, this paper provides examples of translation, theme, motif, and structure found across all of Danticat’s works that illuminate the ways in which Danticat’s use of language mirrors the créolité and creole identities in today’s global, post-colonial world. Using creolization theory as a lens for critical analysis, this essay investigates the ways in which Danticat blends English and Kreyòl, written and oral literary traditions to build a new genre ...
The Sounds Of Silence; Or, Isabella’S Counter Discourse In Measure For Measure, 2017 CUNY Hunter College
The Sounds Of Silence; Or, Isabella’S Counter Discourse In Measure For Measure, Gina Vivona
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
This argument reshapes the thinking about masculine dominance in Measure for Measure, and considers the patriarchy as a series of socially constructed, hence artificial, rules and regulations. It also explores how Isabella’s discourse and celibacy empower her to defy the constraints of early modern paradigms and achieve individual freedom.
“A Show About Language”: A Linguistic Investigation Of The Creation Of Humor In Seinfeld, 2017 East Tennessee State University
“A Show About Language”: A Linguistic Investigation Of The Creation Of Humor In Seinfeld, Lindsey N. King
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study investigates the creation of humor in the dialog of the television sit-com Seinfeld to gain a deeper understanding of humor techniques in a long format. By analyzing six episodes of the series, it is seen that the Incongruity Theory of Humor, violations of Grice’s maxims of the Cooperative Principle, and perspective clashes (such as miscommunications) are essential to the humor throughout each episode.
Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, Raleigh Anne Butler
University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects
No abstract provided.
The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, 2017 Georgia State University
The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, Joanne Wu
Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference
No abstract provided.
Say It Again: A Case Study On Improving Communication In An Autistic Adolescent, 2017 Cedarville University
Say It Again: A Case Study On Improving Communication In An Autistic Adolescent, Olivia P. Seymour
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
Diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased significantly in recent years, necessitating a deeper understanding of its symptoms and how to improve on the resulting deficits in communication and social skills. This study examined the possibility of improving the communication of a thirteen-year-old boy with ASD. Within eight sessions, several methods of improving communication were tested, including using a computer to type messages, using pictures to guide conversations, and using simple, open-ended questions. Despite predictions that his communication would improve with the help of focused efforts to communicate and the implementation of these strategies, the participant’s communication skills ...
Cognitive Sociology, 2017 CUNY Graduate Center
Cognitive Sociology, Michael W. Raphael
Publications and Research
Cognitive sociology is the study of the conditions under which meaning is constituted through processes of reification. Cognitive sociology traces its origins to writings in the sociology of knowledge, sociology of culture, cognitive and cultural anthropology, and more recently, work done in cultural sociology and cognitive science. Its central questions revolve around locating these processes of reification since the locus of cognition is highly contentious. Researchers consider how individuality is related to notions of society (structures, institutions, systems, etc.) and notions of culture (cultural forms, cultural structures, sub-cultures, etc.). These questions further explore how these answers depend on learning processes ...
Verb Bias And Plausibility In English Sentence Processing, 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder
Verb Bias And Plausibility In English Sentence Processing, Kendra Buck
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study tests language processing models previously explored by linguistics in terms of the parsing of temporarily ambiguous English sentences. The two primary models examined in this study are the garden-path model and the constraint-based model. Each of these models provides a possible explanation for sentence processing difficulty. John Trueswell (1996) previously found properties and lexical cues attached to certain verbs in their past participle forms and lexical information in nouns which aid or inhibit readers in accurately predicting the outcome of a temporarily ambiguous sentence. His results support the constraint-based model while providing some evidence for the garden-path model ...
Evaluating A Translingual Administration Of The Early Grades Math Assessment (Egma) In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Evaluating A Translingual Administration Of The Early Grades Math Assessment (Egma) In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Fernanda Gandara
Translanguaging is a view around languages that normalizes diglossia without separation: the linguistic resources of the bilinguals are considered one integrated system. Translanguaging is also a language practice of bilinguals, who select features from their entire linguistic repertoire to make sense of the world around them. Translanguaging is widely used by students and teachers in the bilingual classroom, as it allows students to build upon their entire set of resources, enhance learning outcomes, perform identities, and develop their languages even further. However, translanguaging is rarely used in assessments of bilinguals. Assessments of bilinguals, especially large-scale tests, are typically monolingual in ...
If It Looks Like A *Uck: A Provocation On B*D Words, 2016 University of Akron
If It Looks Like A *Uck: A Provocation On B*D Words, Jodi Kearns, Brian C. O'Connor
Proceedings from the Document Academy
For some decades, we’ve been considering (and using) “b*d” words. Such a large part of the document space is made up of words; it seems necessary, upon occasion, to explore the crooked little paths and messy gutters occupied by some words. We invite your company on such a little exploration now.
Second Language Learners’ Performance On Non-Isomorphic Cross-Language Cognates In Translation, 2016 Florida International University
Second Language Learners’ Performance On Non-Isomorphic Cross-Language Cognates In Translation, Carlos I. Canizares
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Do adult L2 English bilingual speakers have difficulty with cognate words whose meanings are distinct across their two languages? This study explored the extent to which variations in meaning in cross-language cognates affect translation performance in a translation task by L2 English (L1 Spanish) speakers who learned English as adults. A prep-phase experiment was conducted to test native English-speakers’ predicted completions of the study’s stimuli sentences, in order to choose the optimal stimuli for the primary experiment. The method for the primary experiment of this study consisted of a web-based translation task of 120 sentences from Spanish to English ...
Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Literacies Of Bilingual Youth: A Profile Of Bilingual Academic, Social, And Txt Literacies, Michelle A. Mcsweeney
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This dissertation identifies three types of language skills that urban Spanish/English bilingual youth possess (academic, social, and texting language), and reports on their relationship while documenting and analyzing the features of text messaging among this population. The participants in this study are Spanish-dominant bilingual young adults enrolled in a high school completion program in New York City. They are in the process of developing both Spanish and English academic literacy skills, and it is well known that they tend to perform below the grade they are enrolled in. For this reason, they are often referred to as being “language-less ...
Split-Ups, 2016 Butler University
Split-Ups, Jeremiah Farrell
Jeremiah Farrell's contribution to the Simon and Schuster Crossword Puzzle Book, edited by Margaret Farrar and Eugene T. Maleska.
Lingua Franca: An Analysis Of Globalization And Language Evolution, 2016 Bowling Green State University
Lingua Franca: An Analysis Of Globalization And Language Evolution, Abigail Watson
This project details the evolution of languages and how globalization and advances in communication have effected smaller language groups. A world community in which communication is standardized by a Lingua Franca is in most cases harmful for isolated language groups without many speakers. The extinction of language is harmful for human society and culture, and there are many different ways to help prevent language extinction.
This project includes an essay, an animation, six illustrations, and a coloring book that all relate to endangered languages.
From Building Vocabulary To Talking About Family Traditions Together: Discussions On The Facebook Group “Hoisan Phrases 學講台山話”, 2016 University of San Francisco
From Building Vocabulary To Talking About Family Traditions Together: Discussions On The Facebook Group “Hoisan Phrases 學講台山話”, Melissa Chen, Genevieve Leung
Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD
This poster focuses on online discourses of an online Facebook group - “Hoisan Phrases.” “Hoisan Phrases” is used to construct positive ideologies about Hoisan-wa. Using multicompetence and symbolic competence frameworks, these online interactions are sites where Hoisan-wa speakers engage in the ability “to perform and construct various historicities in dialogue with others” (Kramsch & Whiteside). Humor serves as a way of moving beyond negative ideologies of Hoisan-wa. Data comes from a corpus of three years’ worth of posts. The data demonstrates a re-envisioning of the way we view Hoisan-wa vis-à-vis online communication, and expands the domains of language use.
Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, 2016 Cedarville University
Is This Author Intelligent? The Effect Of Spelling Errors On Perception Of Authors, Rachel M. Schloneger
Linguistics Senior Research Projects
This study seeks to understand how the presence of spelling errors affects readers’ perceptions of an author’s intelligence and writing ability. Undergraduate students and professors read a short essay and completed a sixteen-question questionnaire concerning their perceptions of the author and the essay. The number of spelling errors present (zero, five, or ten) in the essay was manipulated by the researcher. Participant perceptions of the author and the essay suffered as more spelling errors were found. Participants in the five- and ten-error conditions judged both the author and the essay more harshly, giving it lower scores. Further, intelligence ratings ...