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Effects Of Multimedia Instruction On L2 Acquisition Of High-Level, Low-Frequency English Vocabulary Words, Euna Cho 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Effects Of Multimedia Instruction On L2 Acquisition Of High-Level, Low-Frequency English Vocabulary Words, Euna Cho

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The present study examined the effects of multimedia enhancement in video form in addition to textual information on L2 vocabulary instruction for high-level, low-frequency English words among Korean learners of English. Although input-based incidental learning of L2 vocabulary through extensive reading has been conventionally believed to be appropriate for high-frequency words, intentional or explicit vocabulary learning is suggested to be more sensible or realistic for the acquisition of low-frequency academic words. Multimedia support in foreign language instruction has revealed benefits in promoting direct teaching and explicit learning of L2 vocabulary; moreover, adding textual information to video seems to boost students ...


Directionals In Ngaanyatjarra, Conor Pyle 2017 Trinity College Dublin

Directionals In Ngaanyatjarra, Conor Pyle

The ITB Journal

This paper looks at directional morphemes in Ngaanyatjarra, a language spoken in Western Australia. This is part of the suffixing subdivision of Australian languages with both nominals and verbs having rich sets of inflectional and derivational suffixes. Despite this typological categorisation, there are a small number of directional prefixes. Using a Role and Reference Grammar (RRG) account, we look at directional elements, both prefixes and local peripheral case marking suffixes. RRG posits two types of directional operator, at the nucleus and the core. We find that the prefixes are nuclear operators describing the direction of the verb itself; while the ...


A Third Number: Discussing Duals In Lithuanian Language, Jone Bruno 2017 Trinity College Dublin

A Third Number: Discussing Duals In Lithuanian Language, Jone Bruno

The ITB Journal

Modern Lithuanian has two grammatical numbers: singular and plural, nevertheless literature sources note the existence of the dual number residue in Lithuanian. This phenomenon is prominent in Austronesian languages as stated by Schwartz (1989:237-238) and there are different types of duals. However, in European languages this phenomenon is not as widely spread. This paper overviews the constructions of such phenomenon and presents results of a small research which looked at the frequency of the usage of dual pronouns and demonstratives in the Lithuanian language. Data for the research was taken from the Corpus of Lithuanian Language compiled by Vytautas ...


Computing The Lexicon Morphological-Phonological Interface For Irish Sign Language Sign Realisation, Irene Murtagh 2017 Computational and Functional Linguistics Research Group Institute of Technology Blanchardstown Dublin

Computing The Lexicon Morphological-Phonological Interface For Irish Sign Language Sign Realisation, Irene Murtagh

The ITB Journal

The first modern linguistic analysis of a signed language was published in 1960 by William C. Stokoe, Jr., a professor of English at Gallaudet University, Washington DC, the only college for the deaf in the world. Nearly sixty years on, research in the area of sign language linguistics has established that signed languages are fully developed natural languages with their own syntax, morphology and phonology. The morphology and phonology of signed languages is concerned among with manual and non-manual features. These include handshapes, head, torso, eyebrow, eye, cheek, mouth, nose, chin and tongue movement and also movement of the shoulders ...


Effectively Teaching A Second Language: Principles And Practices, Alexander Gatica 2017 Utah State University

Effectively Teaching A Second Language: Principles And Practices, Alexander Gatica

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This portfolio is the amalgamation of the author’s research and experience during his time in the Master of Second Language Teaching program. The first section contains the Teaching Philosophy, which centers on applying effective teaching methods, increasing learner motivation, and incorporating technology into the classroom. The next section consists of three artifacts in which the author further investigates specific aspects of language teaching. The language paper focuses on the effect that identity has on motivation to learn a language. The literacy paper discusses how to increase vocabulary acquisition via a mobile-assisted language learning application called Duolingo. The culture paper ...


Imag(In)Ing The Holy Places: A Comparison Between The Diagrams In Adomnán’S And Bede’S De Locis Sanctis, Patrick P. O'Neill 2017 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Imag(In)Ing The Holy Places: A Comparison Between The Diagrams In Adomnán’S And Bede’S De Locis Sanctis, Patrick P. O'Neill

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


Preaching The Landscape In The Blickling Homilies, Danielle Cudmore 2017 Halmstad University

Preaching The Landscape In The Blickling Homilies, Danielle Cudmore

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


Locating Place And Landscape In Early Insular Literature, A. Joseph McMullen, Kristen Carella 2017 Harvard University/Centenary University

Locating Place And Landscape In Early Insular Literature, A. Joseph Mcmullen, Kristen Carella

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


Genre Construction: The Creation Of The Dinnshenchas, Kevin Murray 2017 University College, Cork

Genre Construction: The Creation Of The Dinnshenchas, Kevin Murray

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


The Power Of Place: Colonization Of The Anglo-Saxon Landscape By Royal And Religious Ideologies, Samantha Leggett 2017 University of Cambridge

The Power Of Place: Colonization Of The Anglo-Saxon Landscape By Royal And Religious Ideologies, Samantha Leggett

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, Raleigh Anne Butler 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Cross-Linguistic Phonosemantics, Raleigh Anne Butler

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, Joanne Wu 2017 Georgia State University

The Validity Of A Holistic Scoring Rubric For Short Constructed Responses, Joanne Wu

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Lexemes, Practs, And Those Who Have Yet To Decide, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan 2017 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Lexemes, Practs, And Those Who Have Yet To Decide, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Mey’s (2001) action-theoretic societal pragmatics known as pragmatic act theory nurtures the idea that the explanatory movement in pragmatic theories should go from the outside in (i.e., from actual situational contexts into prior contexts encoded in the utterances used). Kecskes’ (2010, 2013) socio-cognitive approach challenges Mey’s position, and argues that the explanatory movement should go in both directions: from the outside in and from the inside out. To challenge Mey’s view and to nurture his own position, Kecskes resorts to a dialectical socio-cognitive perspective on human communication (Kecskes, 2003, 2008), and uses situation-bound utterances as evidence ...


In Memoriam: Jonathan Kablan L. Burmeister, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

In Memoriam: Jonathan Kablan L. Burmeister, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

No abstract provided.


The New Paradigm In Tone Analysis: The Contribution Of The Critical Band Theory, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The New Paradigm In Tone Analysis: The Contribution Of The Critical Band Theory, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The vast majority of African linguists still rely on their naked ears to determine pitch registers and tone rules. In recent years, timid efforts have been made by some to complement their impressionistic analyses with acoustic phonetic measurements. Yet, they still interpret the acoustic data impressionistically. In this paper, I propose a new approach based on the Critical Band Theory (CBT). This theory was pioneered by Physicist Harvey Fletcher who postulated on the basis of mathematical calculations that the basilar membrane compartmentalizes speech signals into frequency bands. He demonstrated this in various experiments that culminated in his seminal paper, Auditory ...


Person Resolution Agreement In L2 Compositions: Native Arabic Writers In An L2 English, Jon Cotner 2017 St Cloud State University

Person Resolution Agreement In L2 Compositions: Native Arabic Writers In An L2 English, Jon Cotner

Linguistic Portfolios

Resolution rules are syntactic parameters that regulate the proper agreement of phi-features (person, number, and gender) between a noun/noun phrase and a verb phrase within a grammatical language system. One of the facets of the primary study, of which this paper is an excerpt, examines L2 English compositions written by native Arabic speakers and investigates whether students transfer person phi-feature agreement patterns from their L1 to their L2. The findings discussed in this paper reveal agreement errors in the application of person resolution rules, and the majority of these person agreement errors are found in indefinite pronoun constructions.


An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Production Of Word-Final /Z/S In Central Minnesota English, Cassy Lundy, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Production Of Word-Final /Z/S In Central Minnesota English, Cassy Lundy, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Fromkin et al. (2014:278) hypothesize that word-final /z/s are devoiced when they are inflectional suffixes, but non-morphemic /z/s are not devoiced. To date, no known study has tested this hypothesis for any English dialect. The present study tests this hypothesis in Central Minnesota English (CMNE) by making use of five acoustic correlates: F0, center of gravity (CoG), intensity, duration, and the 40/60 Threshold. Nine participants, five males and four females, produced 17 words containing word-final /z/s. The findings reported in this study are based on 765 acoustic tokens (17 x 9 x 5). Overall, the ...


The Acoustic Correlates Of Fricatives In Whispered Speech: An Idiolectal Analysis, Joshua Wallin, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Correlates Of Fricatives In Whispered Speech: An Idiolectal Analysis, Joshua Wallin, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The purpose of this paper is to provide examples of phonetic transcriptions using acoustical data and analyze the pronunciation of fricatives in running speech. Using Praat—a phonetic analysis program—and voice recordings, a (slightly modified) standardized script was accurately transcribed into IPA, the International Phonetic Alphabet. Using the same data, an in-depth analysis on fricatives of a native speaker of General American English (GAE) showed the speaker whispered during the recordings. This is supported by numerical data of several acoustic correlates, the primary correlates being intensity and voicing. The intensity of all fricatives was lower than a standard GAE ...


The Acoustic Vowel Space Of A North Dakota English Idiolect: Comparison With Three Dialects, Molly Sand, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Vowel Space Of A North Dakota English Idiolect: Comparison With Three Dialects, Molly Sand, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The focus of this study is on the acoustic vowel space of one female speaker’s (the second author) idiolect compared to General American English (GAE), Midwest English (MWE), and Central Minnesota English (CMNE). The test items are . Each word was repeated three times. Each repetition was measured for F0, F1, F2, F3, intensity, and duration. Acoustic vowel spaces are created in which Sand’s vowels are compared with GAE, MWE, and CMNE vowels. F1 and F2 are also compared to determine the extent to which Sand’s vowels are similar, or different from the three dialects under consideration.


The Acoustics Of Coda Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Alex Hennen, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustics Of Coda Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Alex Hennen, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

In many languages, voiced segments that occur in syllable codas are systematically devoiced. This article examines coda devoicing in an idiolect of a Central Minnesota speaker of American English. The consonants under investigation are voiced fricatives, voiced stops, and the voiced affricate /dʒ/. The 40/60 threshold proposed by Gradoville (2011) is used as the limen to discriminate between voiced and devoiced consonants in syllable codas.


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