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The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice 2018 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

Second language development is an important topic of discussion in an increasingly multilingual world. This study aims to examine and detail research on the effects of code-mixing (CM) on second language development, answering how CM facilitates or constrains second language acquisition. Peer-reviewed articles on the topic published between 2013 and 2018 were examined and synthesized. Language learners/multilinguals answered questionnaires about their views on CM and second language acquisition, and a language teacher was interviewed regarding use of L1 in the language classroom and CM as a pedagogical tool. This study found that CM can be a beneficial tool for ...


Aproximación Didáctica Al Apendizaje De Las Funciones Retóricas De Las Citas En El Discurso Académico Universitario, David Sánchez-Jiménez 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Aproximación Didáctica Al Apendizaje De Las Funciones Retóricas De Las Citas En El Discurso Académico Universitario, David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

El presente estudio investiga cómo conciben la práctica de la citación en el contexto académico dos comunidades sociales de distinta nacionalidad (estadounidense, española). Para estudiar este fenómeno se realizó un análisis contrastivo utilizando la metodología del análisis textual computarizado de las funciones retóricas de las citas en la escritura de un trabajo de investigación universitario de máster realizado por 8 estudiantes estadounidenses y 8 españoles en su lengua nativa, ordenadas estas en una tipología clasificadora de 9 categorías.

Los resultados obtenidos en la investigación mostraron que las diferentes convenciones culturales implicadas en la composición de las memorias estudiadas responden a ...


La Comunicación Lingüística En Español Y Sus Barreras En El Sistema De Salud De Los Estados Unidos, David Sánchez-Jiménez 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

La Comunicación Lingüística En Español Y Sus Barreras En El Sistema De Salud De Los Estados Unidos, David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

La enseñanza del español con fines médicos en los Estados Unidos ha experimentado un crecimiento exponencial en las dos últimas décadas. Sin embargo, los pacientes de origen hispano se encuentran desprotegidos ante las barreras lingüísticas que impone el sistema de salud estadounidense en muchos contextos monolingües y bilingües. Esta investigación descriptiva muestra como, por un lado, los malentendidos producidos por la comunicación ineficiente desarrollada por intérpretes e intermediarios (familiares, enfermeras con conocimientos de español, facultativos con una preparación lingüística deficiente, etc.) tienen serias repercusiones para la salud en el tratamiento de los casos. Por otro lado, el estudio da cuenta ...


An Interventionist Approach To Language Study Abroad: Exploring Metalinguistic Awareness In The Acquisition Of Spanish Through Digital Portfolio Documentation And Expert Mentorship, Meredith McGregor 2018 The University of Western Ontario

An Interventionist Approach To Language Study Abroad: Exploring Metalinguistic Awareness In The Acquisition Of Spanish Through Digital Portfolio Documentation And Expert Mentorship, Meredith Mcgregor

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Language study abroad offers the possibility of acquiring a multitude of competencies, linguistic and otherwise. While historically study abroad research has emphasized linguistic gains in isolation, it has gradually moved towards a more sociocultural approach whereby individual factors and intercultural competencies are seen as integral to the process of acquiring knowledge of a language. With remaining gaps in the literature, and as new instruments emerge, so too do new opportunities for tracking and measuring learning outcomes in innovative ways. The present study, framed by the intervention hypothesis and sociocultural theory, utilizes the social media platform Google+ as a space to ...


Grammatical Errors By Arabic Esl Students: An Investigation Of L1 Transfer Through Error Analysis, Aisha Saud Alasfour 2018 Portland State University

Grammatical Errors By Arabic Esl Students: An Investigation Of L1 Transfer Through Error Analysis, Aisha Saud Alasfour

Dissertations and Theses

This study investigated the effect of first language (L1) transfer on Arabic ESL learners' acquisition of the relative clauses, the passive voice and the definite article. I used Contrastive Analysis (CA) and Error Analysis (EA) to analyze 50 papers written by Arabic ESL students at the ACTFL Advanced Mid proficiency level. The analysis was paired with interviews with five advanced students to help determine whether L1 transfer was, in fact, influencing students' errors predicted by CA.

Students in this study made L1 errors along with other errors. Although no statistical difference was found between the frequency of transfer and other ...


Reviews, Polly Treviño, Emanuel Padilla, Dani Shepard, Marilyn Lewis, Robin Gingerich 2018 Houston Baptist University

Reviews, Polly Treviño, Emanuel Padilla, Dani Shepard, Marilyn Lewis, Robin Gingerich

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Editorial: A Turn To The Theological In Christian Tesol?, Bradley Baurain 2018 Moody Theological Seminary and Graduate School

Editorial: A Turn To The Theological In Christian Tesol?, Bradley Baurain

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Vocation In The Ivory Tower : A Personal Reflection On Christian Service And Secular Academics, Don Snow 2018 Duke Kunshan University

Vocation In The Ivory Tower : A Personal Reflection On Christian Service And Secular Academics, Don Snow

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

This paper was originally presented in March 2017 at the plenary session of the Christians in English Language Teaching (CELT) conference at Seattle Pacific University. Dr. Snow reflects on the importance of academic research at different stages of his career as a TESOL educator. He encourages all Christians in TESOL to reflect and consider their own calling and the place of academic research.


Reflections On Incorporating Virtues In An Intercultural Communication For Teachers Course, Michael Lessard-Clouston 2018 Biola University

Reflections On Incorporating Virtues In An Intercultural Communication For Teachers Course, Michael Lessard-Clouston

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

Christians teaching English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) address cultural issues to improve students’ intercultural communication. In reflecting on my experience delivering a teacher training course, this article describes strategies for incorporating seven virtues in an Intercultural Communication for Teachers class. It first outlines foundational background and then offers examples of ways students in the course may go deeper with Christian virtues in their reflection and in their ESL/EFL teaching. It also introduces Scriptures and relevant resources that may be useful to professors involved in teacher training and to teachers who wish to incorporate virtues into ...


Front Matter, 2018 Biola University

Front Matter

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Entire Issue, 2018 Biola University

Entire Issue

International Journal of Christianity and English Language Teaching

No abstract provided.


Dialogicity In Written Specialised Genres, Editado Por Luz Gil-Salom Y Carmen Soler-Monreal (2014)., David Sánchez-Jiménez 2018 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Dialogicity In Written Specialised Genres, Editado Por Luz Gil-Salom Y Carmen Soler-Monreal (2014)., David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

Review of Dialogicity in Written Specialised Genres, edited by Luz Gil-Salom and Carmen Soler-Monreal.


Hilltops And Marches: A Cultural And Semiotic Analysis Of Pepsi And Coca-Cola Advertising Strategies, Samuel Herrmann 2018 Liberty University

Hilltops And Marches: A Cultural And Semiotic Analysis Of Pepsi And Coca-Cola Advertising Strategies, Samuel Herrmann

Senior Honors Theses

The Coca-Cola Company released an advertisement in 1971 that had powerful themes of unity in a time of significant discord around the world. Almost 50 years later, the Pepsi Company released an advertisement that aimed to accomplish similar values of unity and commonality when the world seemed at odds with itself. While both advertisements sought to convey similar messages, the reception could not have been more different. Coca-Cola has experienced continued praise for their famous “Hilltop” advertisement while Pepsi was forced to take their advertisement down within 24 hours of its release. This paper utilizes semiotic theory to analyze the ...


The Effectiveness Of Code-Switching In Evangelism: The Use Of African American Vernacular English By Standard English Speakers, Cameron Joseph Myers 2018 Cedarville University

The Effectiveness Of Code-Switching In Evangelism: The Use Of African American Vernacular English By Standard English Speakers, Cameron Joseph Myers

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

Abstract

This paper evaluates the use of code-switching as a linguistic and pragmatic tool to build interpersonal relationships between members of the African American minority group and the Standard English “white majority” for the purpose to evangelize the Christian faith. Using the Shannon-Weaver (Shannon & Weaver, 1999) communication model as a foundation, the research suggests that changing the message is the best way to overcome barriers in interpersonal communication (namely evangelistic communication). The research varies in use of code-switching as a pragmatic tool for this message change. Ariffin (2009), Jørgensen (1998), and Madsen (2004) give positive evidence for code-switching, while Anderson ...


The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice 2018 Cedarville University

The Effects Of Code-Mixing On Second Language Development, Aimee K. Spice

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

Second language development is an important topic of discussion in an increasingly multilingual world. This study aims to examine and detail research on the effects of code-mixing (CM) on second language development, answering how CM facilitates or constrains second language acquisition. Peer-reviewed articles on the topic published between 2013 and 2018 were examined and synthesized. Language learners/multilinguals answered questionnaires about their views on CM and second language acquisition, and a language teacher was interviewed regarding use of L1 in the language classroom and CM as a pedagogical tool. This study found that CM can be a beneficial tool for ...


La Revalorisation Économique Des Langues Ivoiriennes Et Leur Enseignement A L'École, Ettien Koffi 2018 St. Cloud State University

La Revalorisation Économique Des Langues Ivoiriennes Et Leur Enseignement A L'École, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Jadis considérée comme un handicap au développement économique, voici que grâce à la Théorie des Jeux, la pluralité linguistique s’avère maintenant comme une aubaine financière pour la Côte d’Ivoire et les états francophones d’Afrique sub-saharienne. La Côte d’Ivoire pourrait bénéficier d’une manne financière d’environ 7,196 milliards de francs CFA ($1.5 million) annuellement rien qu’en planifiant ses ressources linguistiques. La langue maternelle est une richesse économique intarissable et non polluante pourvu qu’on sache l’exploiter. Nous démontrons dans cet article sur la base de données statistiques fiables qu’à partir d ...


Gradience In Coda Cluster Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Ettien Koffi, Andrea Simmonds 2018 St. Cloud State University

Gradience In Coda Cluster Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Ettien Koffi, Andrea Simmonds

Linguistic Portfolios

When voiced segments occur in coda clusters, they undergo varying degrees of devoicing. We investigate this phenomenon in the speech of the second author, a native speaker of American English from Central Minnesota. The coda clusters under investigation occur in the lexical items transcribed phonemically as /θɪŋz/ (things repeated twice), /spunz/ (spoons), and /wɛnz.de/ (Wednesday), /slæbz/ (slabs), /kɪdz/ (kids),and /bægz/ (bags). Acoustic measurements and the 40/60 threshold are used in tandem to determine the gradience of devoicing that take place in the coda clusters /ŋz/, /nz/, /bz/, /dz/, and /gz/.


The Acoustic Correlates Of Brazilian Portuguese-Accented English Vowels, Ettien Koffi, Lillian Duarte Ribeiro 2018 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Correlates Of Brazilian Portuguese-Accented English Vowels, Ettien Koffi, Lillian Duarte Ribeiro

Linguistic Portfolios

This study is an acoustic phonetic analysis of Brazilian Portuguese English (BPE) vowels produced by seven Brazilian students. The research was carried out in the Spring of 2016 when the participants, mostly exchange students, were in their last semester of study in the United States after an average length of residency (LOR) of 19.71 months at St. Cloud State University. They were recorded producing the 11 vowel phonemes of American English. The main findings are that four vowels in particular – [ ɪ, æ, ʌ, ʊ] – interfere with intelligibility the most. The participants’ inability to produce these vowels intelligibly has a ...


Number Resolution Rule Agreement In Arabic Writers L2 English Compositions, Jon Cotner 2018 St Cloud State University

Number Resolution Rule Agreement In Arabic Writers L2 English Compositions, Jon Cotner

Linguistic Portfolios

The proper agreement of phi-features (person, number, and gender) between a noun/noun phrase and a verb phrase within a grammatical language system is the realm of resolution rules; these resolution rules are the syntactic parameters that regulate this agreement. The initial study, of which this paper highlights a portion, examines L2 English compositions written by native Arabic speakers and investigates whether these students transfer phi-feature agreement patterns from their L1 to their L2. The findings discussed in this paper are focused on agreement errors in the application of number resolution rules, and the majority of these number agreement errors ...


Differential Analysis Of Lexical Pitch In Accent And Tone Languages, Ettien Koffi 2018 St. Cloud State University

Differential Analysis Of Lexical Pitch In Accent And Tone Languages, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

According to the Critical Band Theory, the auditory perception of F0 data is the same for all human beings. However, when F0 signals are transferred through the auditory cortex to specialized areas of the brain, they are perceived and processed differently, depending on whether the language is tonal or accentual. In tone languages, F0 data appears to be processed in Heschl’s gyrus (Schneider 2005, Bendor 2012), whereas in accent languages, it appears to be processed in the planum temporale (Binder et al. 1996). Furthermore, in accent languages, F0 signals are computed on a nominal scale, but in tone languages ...


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