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On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

The burgeoning literature on studies of swearing suggests that a precise definition of swearing necessarily involves three features: (a) non-literal meanings, (b) taboo subjects, and (c) emotions. It also suggested that swearwords fall into one of the three classes: aggressive, cathartic, or social. Driven by a rich corpus of swearwords from Persian, this paper argues that swearing in Persian does not necessarily involve these three features, and that a redefinition of swearing is needed. It then borrows ideas from ethics to suggest that any precise definition of swearing will have to involve the distinction between teleological and deontological ethics. It ...


Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Book Review: Review of the book The diagnosis of reading in a second or foreign language.


Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Review: The Diagnosis Of Reading In A Second Or Foreign Language, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Book Review: Review of the book The diagnosis of reading in a second or foreign language.


On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

On The Functions Of Swearing In Persian, Mohammad Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

The burgeoning literature on studies of swearing suggests that a precise definition of swearing necessarily involves three features: (a) non-literal meanings, (b) taboo subjects, and (c) emotions. It also suggested that swearwords fall into one of the three classes: aggressive, cathartic, or social. Driven by a rich corpus of swearwords from Persian, this paper argues that swearing in Persian does not necessarily involve these three features, and that a redefinition of swearing is needed. It then borrows ideas from ethics to suggest that any precise definition of swearing will have to involve the distinction between teleological and deontological ethics. It ...


“The City Was Named After An Herb Called Mesas In Ancient Spanish”: Rabbi Yosef Mesas’ Testimony Concerning His Surname, Abraham Ofir Shemesh 2016 Ariel University, Israel Heritage Department, ISRAEL

“The City Was Named After An Herb Called Mesas In Ancient Spanish”: Rabbi Yosef Mesas’ Testimony Concerning His Surname, Abraham Ofir Shemesh

Journal of Literary Onomastics

Yosef Mesas (1892–1974), a renowned Jewish Rabbi, claimed that the origin of his surname is the ancient city Mesas near Madrid, named for a medicinal herb common there. He assumes that "Mesas" became a common name in Morocco after the Jews were exiled from Spain in 1492. Mesas suggests that the herb is "Masasa" in Moroccan Arabic (Darija dialect). In the 12th century, Maimonides stated that Moroccans call the genus Plantago "Masasa". This fact refutes Mesas' assumption that the name was brought to Morocco after the Alhambra Decree.

"Mesas" apparently originates from the Spanish term "mesa", meaning "tableland" or ...


Words Matter: Discourse And Numeracy, Samuel L. Tunstall 2016 Michigan State University

Words Matter: Discourse And Numeracy, Samuel L. Tunstall

Numeracy

Here I discuss elements of critical discourse analysis (CDA) and their importance in relation to quantitative literacy (QL). Through an overview of theory, synthesis of research, and examples, I argue that the discursive nature of textbooks has a nontrivial impact on students' mathematical dispositions - an important component of QL. In particular, texts are a means of disseminating the culture of mathematics, one which has a tendency to paint mathematics as esoteric and male-dominated. Such a characterization has profound implications for the numeracy community, one of which is that we cannot assume that changes in curriculum are sufficient for effecting QL ...


Bilingual Latino Middle Schoolers On Languaging And Racialization In The Us, Sarah Hesson 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bilingual Latino Middle Schoolers On Languaging And Racialization In The Us, Sarah Hesson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation explores bilingual Latino middle schoolers’ articulated understandings of their language practices as well as the links between language practices and processes of racialization and discrimination in the US. The research was conducted in the context of an after-school program whose explicit aim was to not only document students’ experiences, but to use those experiences as a basis for generating individual and collective critical understandings among participants. The findings of this case study center on the ways youth understand processes of racialization, translanguaging, and translation in the context of an English-dominant society, and how these understandings are connected to ...


Cultures-Of-Use And Morphologies Of Communicative Action, Steven L. Thorne 2016 Portland State University

Cultures-Of-Use And Morphologies Of Communicative Action, Steven L. Thorne

World Languages and Literatures Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this article I revisit the cultures-of-use conceptual framework-that technologies, as forms and processes comprising human culture, mediate and assume variable meanings, values, and conventionalized functions for different communities (Thorne, 2003). I trace the antecedent arc of investigation and serendipitous encounters that led to the 2003 publication and conclude by proposing that digital environments and the human experience of activity form unified ecologies with agency distributed through the system.


Gatekeepers To The Third Space: Authority, Agency, And Language Hierarchy In First-Year Composition, Guadalupe Rincon 2016 California State University - San Bernardino

Gatekeepers To The Third Space: Authority, Agency, And Language Hierarchy In First-Year Composition, Guadalupe Rincon

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis examines writing conference interactions between multilingual students and first-year composition instructors in order to understand the co-construction of instructor authority and student agency in discussions of academic writing. Multilingual approaches to first-year writing assert that inviting students’ home languages or dialects into the classroom allows multilingual students to use languages other than English connect with the curriculum, develop rhetorical complexity as writers, and to be validated as language users; however, scholarship could benefit from examining social interactions. Because identities, ideologies, and stances are co-constructed between people and emerge in social interactions,a discourse analysis of interactions between first-year ...


Ideology, Access, And Status: Spanish-English Bilinguals In The Foreign-Language Classroom, Michael E. Rolland 2016 Michael Rolland

Ideology, Access, And Status: Spanish-English Bilinguals In The Foreign-Language Classroom, Michael E. Rolland

Graduate Student Publications and Research

Spanish language teaching in US higher education is today generally divided between ‘foreign language’ courses for novice learners and ‘heritage language’ courses for Hispanic/Latinx students with some knowledge of the language. However, ‘heritage’ students are a linguistically diverse group, and are also often enrolled at institutions where heritage courses are not offered. Little research to date has studied ‘heritage’ speakers enrolled in ‘foreign’ language courses. For this study I conducted semi-structured interviews to explore the affective and ideological characteristics of bilingual students enrolled in elementary Spanish courses. As the literature suggests, I find that these students have a generally ...


Do They Use 'Them'?: Gender-Neutral Pronoun Usage Among Queer And Non-Queer College Students, Brandon Ray Darr 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Do They Use 'Them'?: Gender-Neutral Pronoun Usage Among Queer And Non-Queer College Students, Brandon Ray Darr

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Discursive Construction Of Language Teaching And Learning In Multiuser Virtual Environments, Douglas W. Canfield 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Discursive Construction Of Language Teaching And Learning In Multiuser Virtual Environments, Douglas W. Canfield

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation seeks to broaden how researchers within computer-assisted language learning (CALL) make sense of and examine psychological and power constructs at play in language courses conducted in 3D multiuser virtual environments. 18 students and 2 teachers in 8 formal English as a Second Language (ESL) classes in the 3D multiuser virtual environment of Second Life participated in a discourse analysis study to explore the theoretical and analytic ways in which critical discursive psychology could function to explore how teaching and learning are performed as interactional events in a community of language teachers and learners in Second Life by investigating ...


A Linguistic Comparison Of Biblical Greek And English: How Should The Adverbial Participle Be Translated?, Sarah C. Nickchen 2016 Cedarville University

A Linguistic Comparison Of Biblical Greek And English: How Should The Adverbial Participle Be Translated?, Sarah C. Nickchen

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

This paper combines the two fields of linguistics and biblical Greek studies in a scientific study of original research. Linguistics can be defined as “the scientific study of the language systems of the world” (Black, 1995, 5). Biblical Greek studies focus on analysis of the original New Testament text. Semantics (the meaning of words and phrases) is one subfield of linguistics, and the focus of this paper. The Greek adverbial participle is the most versatile Greek participle. The English adverbial participle is much less versatile. Thus, this paper focuses on adverbial participles in Greek and English in order to determine ...


Spanish For Heritage Speakers: Instructional Module #1, Gabriela C. Zapata 2016 California State University - Monterey Bay

Spanish For Heritage Speakers: Instructional Module #1, Gabriela C. Zapata

Activities and Assignments Collection

By the end of this module, students should be able to:

1. Identify and name characteristics of the narrative genre;

2. Identify the rules for and correctly use the preterite and imperfect;

3. Identify the rules for the accentuation of palabras agudas and esdrújulas and correctly apply them;

4. Write a narrative of at least 300 words;

5. Understand the rules behind the production of visual "texts";

6. Produce a visual narrative using images and video.


Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte 2016 Georgia State University

Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Persian Speakers' Use Of Refusal Strategies Across Politeness Systems, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Persian Speakers' Use Of Refusal Strategies Across Politeness Systems, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

This study aimed at investigating the preferred refusal strategies in Persian. 3047 refusals collected by 108 field workers as well as 376 refusals collected through face to face interviews were analyzed and classified according to the descriptions proposed by Liao (1994) and Liao and Bresnahan (1996). The frequencies of the resulting direct and indirect refusal strategies were then used as the data for the current study. Politeness systems as suggested by the model proposed by Scollon and Scollon (2001) as well as refusers' demographic characteristics (i.e., their age, sex, and education level) were used as the independent variables of ...


Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis From A Realist Perspective, Hyeseung Jeong, Juliana Othman 2016 University of Malaya

Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis From A Realist Perspective, Hyeseung Jeong, Juliana Othman

The Qualitative Report

The article presents how a study that investigated the acquisition of second language academic literacy skills practised the qualitative methodology, interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), from a realist perspective. We share the rationale behind the methodological decisions made in the study, which is followed by a detailed description of the methodological practice. In addition, the evaluation of the study against the realist criteria is reported, and some implications of using IPA based on realism for educational research are discussed. Overall, we suggest that IPA practice from a realist perspective helps go beyond postmodernism paradigms that seems to exert considerable influence on ...


Adquisición De Los Contrafactuales Pasados En Español: Mapeo De Formas – Significados En Las Interfaces Morfología – Sintaxis – Semántica – Pragmática, Diana Patricia Botero Ibarra 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Adquisición De Los Contrafactuales Pasados En Español: Mapeo De Formas – Significados En Las Interfaces Morfología – Sintaxis – Semántica – Pragmática, Diana Patricia Botero Ibarra

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study focuses on the acquisition of the compound form of the Pluperfect Subjunctive to express counterfactual meaning in the past through conditional clauses. The aim was to examine in which instances we can find the greatest difficulty in the acquisition and what are the sets of information that stem from universal mechanisms.

This study included two experiments: Experiment 1 consisted of a sentence completion task and a written production task to investigate morphological recognition and morphological written production of subjunctive and conditional forms. Experiment 2 included an interpretation and context task, a sentence selection task, and a picture-matching task ...


The Acoustic Correlates Of [±Atr] Vowels: An Analysis By Reference Levels Of Anyi Vowels, Ettien Koffi 2016 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Correlates Of [±Atr] Vowels: An Analysis By Reference Levels Of Anyi Vowels, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper pursues two goals simultaneously. First, it seeks to describe the [±ATR] vowels of Anyi Morofu acoustically by investigating six correlates: F0, F1, F2, F3, intensity, and duration. Anyi has a nine-vowel system that is divided evenly among four [+ATR] and four [-ATR] vowels. The vowel /a/ is ambidextrous in that it straddles both groups. The second goal is to demonstrate that reference levels can be used reliably to determine which one(s)of the six acoustic correlates is/are the most acoustically robust. The data that serves as the basis for this analysis comes from 10 participants who ...


An Acoustic Phonetic Portfolio Of A Portuguese-Accented English Idiolect, Ettien Koffi, Lillian Duarte Ribeiro 2016 St. Cloud State University

An Acoustic Phonetic Portfolio Of A Portuguese-Accented English Idiolect, Ettien Koffi, Lillian Duarte Ribeiro

Linguistic Portfolios

This paper is an acoustic phonetic analysis of English consonants, vowels, and suprasegmentals produced by the second author. It was carried out in the spring of 2015 in the first author’s acoustic phonetics class. Students recorded themselves at the beginning of the semester and analyzed their speech acoustically throughout the semester. They created acoustic portfolios that consisted in 10 individual projects. The main objective of the course is to initiate students to the techniques of acoustic phonetic measurements within the Speech Intelligibility framework, which espouses the view that intelligibility can be measured acoustically. This portfolio was selected out of ...


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