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In Memoriam: Jonathan Kablan L. Burmeister, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

In Memoriam: Jonathan Kablan L. Burmeister, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

No abstract provided.


The New Paradigm In Tone Analysis: The Contribution Of The Critical Band Theory, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The New Paradigm In Tone Analysis: The Contribution Of The Critical Band Theory, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The vast majority of African linguists still rely on their naked ears to determine pitch registers and tone rules. In recent years, timid efforts have been made by some to complement their impressionistic analyses with acoustic phonetic measurements. Yet, they still interpret the acoustic data impressionistically. In this paper, I propose a new approach based on the Critical Band Theory (CBT). This theory was pioneered by Physicist Harvey Fletcher who postulated on the basis of mathematical calculations that the basilar membrane compartmentalizes speech signals into frequency bands. He demonstrated this in various experiments that culminated in his seminal paper, Auditory ...


Person Resolution Agreement In L2 Compositions: Native Arabic Writers In An L2 English, Jon Cotner 2017 St Cloud State University

Person Resolution Agreement In L2 Compositions: Native Arabic Writers In An L2 English, Jon Cotner

Linguistic Portfolios

Resolution rules are syntactic parameters that regulate the proper agreement of phi-features (person, number, and gender) between a noun/noun phrase and a verb phrase within a grammatical language system. One of the facets of the primary study, of which this paper is an excerpt, examines L2 English compositions written by native Arabic speakers and investigates whether students transfer person phi-feature agreement patterns from their L1 to their L2. The findings discussed in this paper reveal agreement errors in the application of person resolution rules, and the majority of these person agreement errors are found in indefinite pronoun constructions.


An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Production Of Word-Final /Z/S In Central Minnesota English, Cassy Lundy, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

An Acoustic Phonetic Account Of The Production Of Word-Final /Z/S In Central Minnesota English, Cassy Lundy, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

Fromkin et al. (2014:278) hypothesize that word-final /z/s are devoiced when they are inflectional suffixes, but non-morphemic /z/s are not devoiced. To date, no known study has tested this hypothesis for any English dialect. The present study tests this hypothesis in Central Minnesota English (CMNE) by making use of five acoustic correlates: F0, center of gravity (CoG), intensity, duration, and the 40/60 Threshold. Nine participants, five males and four females, produced 17 words containing word-final /z/s. The findings reported in this study are based on 765 acoustic tokens (17 x 9 x 5). Overall, the ...


The Acoustic Correlates Of Fricatives In Whispered Speech: An Idiolectal Analysis, Joshua Wallin, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Correlates Of Fricatives In Whispered Speech: An Idiolectal Analysis, Joshua Wallin, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The purpose of this paper is to provide examples of phonetic transcriptions using acoustical data and analyze the pronunciation of fricatives in running speech. Using Praat—a phonetic analysis program—and voice recordings, a (slightly modified) standardized script was accurately transcribed into IPA, the International Phonetic Alphabet. Using the same data, an in-depth analysis on fricatives of a native speaker of General American English (GAE) showed the speaker whispered during the recordings. This is supported by numerical data of several acoustic correlates, the primary correlates being intensity and voicing. The intensity of all fricatives was lower than a standard GAE ...


The Acoustic Vowel Space Of A North Dakota English Idiolect: Comparison With Three Dialects, Molly Sand, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Vowel Space Of A North Dakota English Idiolect: Comparison With Three Dialects, Molly Sand, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

The focus of this study is on the acoustic vowel space of one female speaker’s (the second author) idiolect compared to General American English (GAE), Midwest English (MWE), and Central Minnesota English (CMNE). The test items are . Each word was repeated three times. Each repetition was measured for F0, F1, F2, F3, intensity, and duration. Acoustic vowel spaces are created in which Sand’s vowels are compared with GAE, MWE, and CMNE vowels. F1 and F2 are also compared to determine the extent to which Sand’s vowels are similar, or different from the three dialects under consideration.


The Acoustics Of Coda Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Alex Hennen, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustics Of Coda Devoicing In A Central Minnesota English Idiolect, Alex Hennen, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

In many languages, voiced segments that occur in syllable codas are systematically devoiced. This article examines coda devoicing in an idiolect of a Central Minnesota speaker of American English. The consonants under investigation are voiced fricatives, voiced stops, and the voiced affricate /dʒ/. The 40/60 threshold proposed by Gradoville (2011) is used as the limen to discriminate between voiced and devoiced consonants in syllable codas.


L2 English Pronunciation Assessment Based On Social Network Analysis And The I+1 Input Hypothesis, Ettien Koffi, Patrick Ridpath, Thana Al Jumaah, Aizhan Arapova, Karla Huezo Herrera, Joel Pena Coreas 2017 St. Cloud State University

L2 English Pronunciation Assessment Based On Social Network Analysis And The I+1 Input Hypothesis, Ettien Koffi, Patrick Ridpath, Thana Al Jumaah, Aizhan Arapova, Karla Huezo Herrera, Joel Pena Coreas

Linguistic Portfolios

An individual’s social network is a very important source of linguistic of input. In this paper, we focus mainly on the linguistic input that students who are non-native speakers of English receive while studying at St. Cloud State University. The university has 15,092 students, including 1,374 internationals, from eighty-nine countries 2 . We investigate the social network of five international students to see how much linguistic input they receive outside of normal instructional hours and if this input has any impact whatsoever on their pronunciation of English vowels. The five interact with 20 people in their social networks ...


The Acoustic Correlates Of The Voiceless Palatal Fricative [Ʃ] In Central Minnesota English, Ettien Koffi, Maria Bloch 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Acoustic Correlates Of The Voiceless Palatal Fricative [Ʃ] In Central Minnesota English, Ettien Koffi, Maria Bloch

Linguistic Portfolios

Fricatives are found in all world languages (Maddieson 1984:41). Similarities in mouth geometry and in their aerodynamic characteristics have made them the favorite segments for testing claims about universals of phonetic features. Yet, there is important interspeaker variability even within the same language (Ladefoged and Maddieson 1996:139). In this paper we investigate the voiceless sibilant fricative [ʃ] produced by Central Minnesota English (CMNE) speakers to see how similar and yet different it is from those produced by speakers of other dialects of General American English (GAE). We extend the comparisons to sibilants in some non-Western languages. The acoustic ...


Somali Verb Conjugation Paradigms: Present, Past, And Future, Ettien Koffi, Shukria Omar, Hassan Yussuf, Dahir Mohamed 2017 St. Cloud State University

Somali Verb Conjugation Paradigms: Present, Past, And Future, Ettien Koffi, Shukria Omar, Hassan Yussuf, Dahir Mohamed

Linguistic Portfolios

Somali combines tense, aspect, mood, voice, persons, and number in an extraordinarily complex way to conjugate verbs. Our goal in this paper is simply to give an overview of Somali conjugation system so that teachers can use it as a point of reference in teaching English to Somali learners. Minnesota is home to a large immigrant population. However, there is a paucity of materials on Somali. We hope that to this paper fulfills a pedagogical need by highlighting areas of similarities and differences between Somali and English verb conjugation in the present, past, and future tenses. The paradigms are based ...


The Duration Of [O] In Central Minnesota English: An Acoustic Phonetic Investigation, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Duration Of [O] In Central Minnesota English: An Acoustic Phonetic Investigation, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

In this paper, I investigate the durational characteristics of vowels produced by Central Minnesota speakers of English. The vowel [o] receives the lion’s share of attention because it is stereotypically indexed with the Minnesotan way of speaking. Twenty-three female and 11 male talkers produced the 11 phonemic monophthong vowels of English contained in the words . Eleven male talkers (64%) elongate their [o]s, while 10 female talkers (44%) do the same. Overall, the lengthening of [o] marks the speaker as having a stereotypical Minnesota accent, as portrayed in the movie Fargo and the sitcom Coach. The aggregated data suggests ...


The Complementarity Between Theoretical Linguistics, Neurolinguistics, And Communication Sciences And Disorders, Deanna Yoder-Black 2017 St. Cloud State University

The Complementarity Between Theoretical Linguistics, Neurolinguistics, And Communication Sciences And Disorders, Deanna Yoder-Black

Linguistic Portfolios

As science evolves, there is an ever-increasing interplay between disciplines. In Communication Sciences and Disorders interdisciplinary theory is needed because of a number of factors such as the growing detail in imaging technology, the development of new strategies in the identification and the treatment of disease, and the nuances that arise in fields that have become more and more specialized. Linguistics and the Communication Sciences and Disorders are a perfect example of disciplinary complementarity. This paper is the written version of an invited plenary speech given in 2016 at the Minnesota Undergraduate Linguistics Symposium. The theme of the symposium was ...


Editor's Prologue To Volume 6, Ettien Koffi 2017 St. Cloud State University

Editor's Prologue To Volume 6, Ettien Koffi

Linguistic Portfolios

No abstract provided.


Revision Crítica Del Concepto De Género En El Discurso Escrito Y Su Aplicación Didáctica A La Enseñanza De Las Lenguas Con Propósitos Específicos. Critical Review Of The Genre Concept In Written Discourse And Its Pedagogical Application To Language Teaching For Specific Purposes, David Sánchez-Jiménez 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Revision Crítica Del Concepto De Género En El Discurso Escrito Y Su Aplicación Didáctica A La Enseñanza De Las Lenguas Con Propósitos Específicos. Critical Review Of The Genre Concept In Written Discourse And Its Pedagogical Application To Language Teaching For Specific Purposes, David Sánchez-Jiménez

Publications and Research

This paper provides a theoretical review of how the concept of academic and professional discursive genres has evolved, from a linguistic perspective when it first emerged to its current sociocognitive perspective. The stage it has reached is due to intertextuality and interdiscursivity processes caused by the contact between different disciplines. Similarly, the paper discusses some of the most current didactic recommendations on genre teaching proposed by the languages for specific purposes (lps) approach. The discursive genre has been regularly used in lps since learning how to develop the typical genres of a discourse community is a fundamental requirement to succeed ...


Pourquoi Et Comment Normaliser Le Tunisien, Houcemeddine Turki 2017 Selected Works

Pourquoi Et Comment Normaliser Le Tunisien, Houcemeddine Turki

Houcemeddine Turki

Dans cette présentation, on définit les raisons pour lesquelles on a décidé de définir des normes linguistiques pour écrire le tunisien, la langue couramment utilisée en Tunisie. On décrit par la suite la méthode utilisée pour réussir la normalisation du tunisien.


High-Leverage Teaching Practices In A Post-Methods Era Of Collegiate Foreign Language Teaching, Heather W. Allen 2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison

High-Leverage Teaching Practices In A Post-Methods Era Of Collegiate Foreign Language Teaching, Heather W. Allen

Heather Willis Allen

This presentation argues for the integration of High Leverage Teaching Practices into the professional development experiences of future foreign language professors. In particular, I make the case for the compatibility of HLTPs with conceptually rich frameworks for foreign language learning such as the multiliteracies approach, and the value of HLTPs for uniting theory and practice.


Design And Facilitation Of Problem-Based Learning In Graduate Teacher Education: An Ma Tesol Case, Cynthia Ann Caswell 2017 Aston University

Design And Facilitation Of Problem-Based Learning In Graduate Teacher Education: An Ma Tesol Case, Cynthia Ann Caswell

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

This exploratory, evaluative case study introduces a new context for problem-based learning (PBL) involving an iterative, modular approach to curriculum-wide delivery of PBL in an MA TESOL program. The introduction to the curriculum context provides an overview of the design and delivery features particular to the situation. The delivery approach has established multiple roles that contribute to the design and facilitation of the learning environment: lead instructors, collaborating instructors, and students as peer teachers. These roles also identify milestones on a collaborative instructional skills trajectory for professional development. In this mixed methods study, qualitative data were collected from collaborating instructors ...


Moving Beyond Communicative Language Teaching: Anchoring Lower-Division Language Instruction In Literacy Development, Heather W. Allen 2017 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Moving Beyond Communicative Language Teaching: Anchoring Lower-Division Language Instruction In Literacy Development, Heather W. Allen

Heather Willis Allen

No abstract provided.


Teacher And Student Perceptions Of World Englishes (We) Pronunciations In Two Us Settings, Marie Arrieta 2017 Portland State University

Teacher And Student Perceptions Of World Englishes (We) Pronunciations In Two Us Settings, Marie Arrieta

Dissertations and Theses

The present study investigated the perceptions and attitudes of two groups each of ESL teachers and students in the United States regarding World Englishes (WE) pronunciations before and after watching a video on WE accents. Data gathered via online surveys were analyzed using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The results show that the perceptions of the teachers in the study ranged from somewhat negative to mildly positive, both pre- and post-video, which is consistent with Brown's (1993) findings that teachers' perceptions changed little if at all after being briefly exposed to WE stimuli. The education of the ...


Using Conversation Analysis In Data-Driven Aviation Training With Large-Scale Qualitative Datasets, William A. Tuccio Ph.D., Maurice Nevile Ph.D. 2017 National Transportation Safety Board

Using Conversation Analysis In Data-Driven Aviation Training With Large-Scale Qualitative Datasets, William A. Tuccio Ph.D., Maurice Nevile Ph.D.

Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education & Research

This paper contributes to a growing body of work related to the Conversation Analytic Role-play Method (CARM) by studying the primary flight instruction environment to create training interventions related to radio communications and flight instruction practices. Framed in the context of conversation analysis, an approach to the detailed analysis of naturally occurring interaction, the large-scale, long-duration qualitative audio/video data collection and coding methodology is discussed, followed by trends identified in the ongoing study. The concept of CARM “trainables” are discussed with examples. The study shows that large-scale qualitative datasets may be leveraged to produce valuable data-driven training interventions.


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