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Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Mobilities, Materialities, And The Changing Meanings Of Pittsburgh Speech, Barbara Johnstone, Calvin Pollack

Barbara Johnstone

For many decades, people in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area have talked about local speech. “Pittsburghese,” as it is locally known, has become so tightly linked with local identity that it is alluded to almost every time someone talks about what Pittsburgh is like or what it means to be a Pittsburgher. But the set of words, pronunciations, and bits of grammar that are thought of as Pittsburghese has changed over time. This paper explores the role of social and geographic mobility in creating and circulating the ideas about Pittsburgh speech that help to determine who uses local-sounding speech features and ...


Event Parsing In Narrative: Trials And Tribulations Of Archaic English Fairy Tales, Rebecca Lovering 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Event Parsing In Narrative: Trials And Tribulations Of Archaic English Fairy Tales, Rebecca Lovering

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

While event extraction and automatic summarization have taken great strides in the realm of news stories, fictional narratives like fairy tales have not been so fortunate. A number of challenges arise from the literary elements present in fairy tales that are not found in more straightforward corpora of natural language, such as archaic expressions and sentence structures. To aid in summarization of fictional texts, I created an class - a template for a digital object, in this case a semantic and story event - that captures elements predicted to help classify events as important for inclusion. I wrote a processor to run ...


Is Big Press Tougher On "She"-Eos?, Kenan G. Smith 2016 University of Tennessee

Is Big Press Tougher On "She"-Eos?, Kenan G. Smith

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte 2016 Georgia State University

Natural Language Processing Of Forum Data: Modeling Social Interaction And Performance In Stem Learning, Marissa Emory, Lucile Pitte

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Persian Speakers' Use Of Refusal Strategies Across Politeness Systems, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan 2016 Iranian Institute for Encyclopedia Research

Persian Speakers' Use Of Refusal Strategies Across Politeness Systems, Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

Mohammad A. Salmani Nodoushan

This study aimed at investigating the preferred refusal strategies in Persian. 3047 refusals collected by 108 field workers as well as 376 refusals collected through face to face interviews were analyzed and classified according to the descriptions proposed by Liao (1994) and Liao and Bresnahan (1996). The frequencies of the resulting direct and indirect refusal strategies were then used as the data for the current study. Politeness systems as suggested by the model proposed by Scollon and Scollon (2001) as well as refusers' demographic characteristics (i.e., their age, sex, and education level) were used as the independent variables of ...


"Mi Niño Con Asma": Hispanic/Latina Mothers, Environmental Justice, And Photovoice At The Front Lines Of The Asthma Epidemic, Robin A. Evans-Agnew RN, PhD, Julie Postma RN, PhD, Lee Sledd M. Ed 2016 University of Washington Tacoma

"Mi Niño Con Asma": Hispanic/Latina Mothers, Environmental Justice, And Photovoice At The Front Lines Of The Asthma Epidemic, Robin A. Evans-Agnew Rn, Phd, Julie Postma Rn, Phd, Lee Sledd M. Ed

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Asthma is an important environmental justice concern for first generation Mexican-Americans. Families experience disparities in housing conditions, access to care, and legal marginalization. Little is known about how Hispanic/Latina mothers of children with asthma navigate these oppressions.

Problem: The purpose of this paper is to describe the discourses of environmental justice of a group Hispanic/Latina caregivers of children with asthma.

Method: A photovoice design was used with Hispanic/Latina mothers (n=11) in Tacoma, Washington, to take, discuss, select and display phototexts to policymakers that communicated their experiences and opinions in managing asthma for their child. Using critical ...


Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar 2016 Purdue University

Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar

Engagement and Service-Learning Summit

This project of Pax Populi was presented to the students in the Honors course called Beyond Afghanistan taught by Dr. Brite as an opportunity to do service learning. The goal of Pax Populi as taken from their mission statement is to “put the tools of peacemaking into the hands of ordinary people through initiatives that advance peace through education and economic development within a framework of human rights.”

The tool we used in this case was Skype web conferencing to communicate with an Afghan tutee the students were individually partnered up with to teach English skills to whether they be ...


The Impact Of Length Of Stay On Adjudicated Male Youths;' Language Use: Focusing On Linguistic Analysis Of Verbal Samples, Yousun Shin Ph.D., Terry P. Overton Ph.D., Ed.D., Zelica Espinoza M.Ed. 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

The Impact Of Length Of Stay On Adjudicated Male Youths;' Language Use: Focusing On Linguistic Analysis Of Verbal Samples, Yousun Shin Ph.D., Terry P. Overton Ph.D., Ed.D., Zelica Espinoza M.Ed.

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

The primary purpose of the study was to examine the impact of the length of juvenile offenders’ stay in a residential facility on attitudinal changes, measured by language use of 22 participants’ interviews analyzed by using a computerized text tool called Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) to obtain a measure of language use. A series of one-way ANOVA (SPSS 18.0 version) were used to examine the differences between the groups identified by the length of stay and interview interval. The results indicate that the length of stay significantly impacts language use regarding the language categories of affective process ...


Hpcnmf: A High-Performance Toolbox For Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Karthik Devarajan, Guoli Wang 2016 Fox Chase Cancer Center

Hpcnmf: A High-Performance Toolbox For Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Karthik Devarajan, Guoli Wang

COBRA Preprint Series

Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is a widely used machine learning algorithm for dimension reduction of large-scale data. It has found successful applications in a variety of fields such as computational biology, neuroscience, natural language processing, information retrieval, image processing and speech recognition. In bioinformatics, for example, it has been used to extract patterns and profiles from genomic and text-mining data as well as in protein sequence and structure analysis. While the scientific performance of NMF is very promising in dealing with high dimensional data sets and complex data structures, its computational cost is high and sometimes could be critical for ...


Oxford Dictionaries In Hot Water Over Rabid Feminist Example, Jillian Kestler-D'Amours 2016 Selected Works

Oxford Dictionaries In Hot Water Over Rabid Feminist Example, Jillian Kestler-D'Amours

Geralyne & Adrian

Canadian PhD student wants Oxford Dictionaries to explain ‘explicitly sexist’ usage examples employed for words like rabid, nagging, grating and more.


The Use Of Gesture In Self-Initiated Self-Repair Sequences By Persons With Non-Fluent Aphasia, Eleanor M. Feltner 2016 University of Kentucky

The Use Of Gesture In Self-Initiated Self-Repair Sequences By Persons With Non-Fluent Aphasia, Eleanor M. Feltner

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

This study examines the relationship between types of gestures and instances of self-initiated self-repair (SISR) used by persons with non-fluent aphasia (NFA), which is a type of aphasia characterized by stilted speech or signing (Papathanasiou et al., 2013), in interactions with clinicians. Conversation repairs in this study are assessed using the framework of Conversation Analysis (CA), which is an approach for describing, analyzing, and understanding social interaction (Sidnell, 2010). Previous linguistic studies have demonstrated a distinct preference for the use of gesture during a repair by persons with aphasia (Goodwin, 1995; Klippi, 2015; Wilkinson, 2013). This study draws more conclusive ...


Cries From The Jungle: The Dialogic Linguistic Landscape Of The Migrant And Refugee Camps In Calais, France, Jo Mackby 2016 University of Kentucky

Cries From The Jungle: The Dialogic Linguistic Landscape Of The Migrant And Refugee Camps In Calais, France, Jo Mackby

Theses and Dissertations--Linguistics

Since 1999, migrants and refugees from across the Middle East and Northeastern Africa have squatted in makeshift camps in and around the strategic port city of Calais, France, hoping for the opportunity to stow away on a ferry or lorry to England. The inhabitants of these camps seek to engage the world in a dialogue, and although they speak a variety of languages, the voices the refugees and migrants in The Jungle of Calais raise through their protest placards and graffiti are more homogeneous. Like in many other protests, the languages of these messages are universal; they are French and ...


Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges 2015 Carnegie Mellon University

Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Race talk in the US frequently singles out individuals as “racists,” positioning them as outliers in a society that has supposedly moved beyond race. However, this type of “language game” is premised upon a narrow understanding of racism that reduces it to individual bigotry while ignoring its systemic dimensions. This article examines the accusatory and exculpatory moves in this language game by analyzing three cases that received mainstream media attention. The analysis shows that the discursive moves ultimately work to reproduce dominant ideological assumptions, doing more to protect white privilege than to dismantle racism. This occurs even as speakers engage ...


Video Abstract: Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges 2015 Carnegie Mellon University

Video Abstract: Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Race talk in the US frequently singles out individuals as “racists,” positioning them as outliers in a society that has supposedly moved beyond race. However, this type of “language game” is premised upon a narrow understanding of racism that reduces it to individual bigotry while ignoring its systemic dimensions. This article examines the accusatory and exculpatory moves in this language game by analyzing three cases that received mainstream media attention. The analysis shows that the discursive moves ultimately work to reproduce dominant ideological assumptions, doing more to protect white privilege than to dismantle racism. This occurs even as speakers engage ...


Discourse Analysis In Media Text: News Report On Bribary Mediator, Sinta Paramita 2015 Tarumanagara University

Discourse Analysis In Media Text: News Report On Bribary Mediator, Sinta Paramita

Sinta Paramita

This research started with the curiosity of Police Commisioner General Susno Duadji’s allegations about MarKus (Markus or “Makelar Kasus” is a term for a mediator who bribe the law enforcer on behalf of a defendant) which related to corruption in the police institutions. This issue attracts the media and became headlines for all the television station in Indonesia, including TV One which known as leading news television. This research observed how TV one presents the issues about Markus to the public. The goal of this research was to see the case construction, in this case built by TV One ...


Automated Writing Evaluation For Non-Native Speaker English Academic Writing: The Case Of Iade And Its Formative Feedback, Elena Cotos 2015 Iowa State University

Automated Writing Evaluation For Non-Native Speaker English Academic Writing: The Case Of Iade And Its Formative Feedback, Elena Cotos

Elena Cotos

This dissertation presents an innovative approach to the development and empirical evaluation of Automated Writing Evaluation (AWE) technology used for teaching and learning. It introduces IADE (Intelligent Academic Discourse Evaluator), a new web-based AWE program that analyzes research article Introduction sections and generates immediate, individualized, discipline-specific feedback. The major purpose of the dissertation was to implement IADE as a formative assessment tool complementing L2 graduate-level academic writing instruction and to investigate the effectiveness and appropriateness of its automated evaluation and feedback. To achieve this goal, the study sought evidence of IADE's Language Learning Potential, Meaning Focus, Learner Fit, and ...


Describing Discourse: A Practical Guide To Discourse Analysis, Bahram Kazemian 2015 Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Describing Discourse: A Practical Guide To Discourse Analysis, Bahram Kazemian

Bahram Kazemian

This book review presents a chapter-by-chapter overview and a critical thumbnail sketch of a book written by Woods (2006) entitled "Describing discourse: A practical guide to discourse analysis". The reviewer attempts to assess the book's overall practicality and functionality to the audience it is intended for and to comment on its particular characteristics and pertinence to linguists and students in the field.


An Investigation Of The Reading Text ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ (Long Live Pakistan): Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective, Sheeraz Ali, Bahram Kazemian, Faraz Ali Bughio 2015 Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

An Investigation Of The Reading Text ‘Pakistan Zindabad’ (Long Live Pakistan): Critical Discourse Analysis Perspective, Sheeraz Ali, Bahram Kazemian, Faraz Ali Bughio

Bahram Kazemian

This paper is a critical study in Critical Discourse Analysis paradigm of a Textbook prescribed for intermediate students (Second Language Learners) in Government Colleges affiliated to the Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. The textbook contains selected texts to improve students reading skills integrated with writing activities. Each of the texts contains questions at the end to be answered. It is observed that the reading tasks are badly designed and there is no mental activity to involve students in the text discourse. The study focuses on critical discourse of the underlying text to inspect whether the ...


Audience Perception Of Synonyms From The Pulpit: A Case Among Six Church Ancillary Groups In Madina, Dennis Soku, M Adekunle 2015 Selected Works

Audience Perception Of Synonyms From The Pulpit: A Case Among Six Church Ancillary Groups In Madina, Dennis Soku, M Adekunle

Bahram Kazemian

This work investigated audience perception of messages that contained synonyms. Some church members opined that synonyms changed meanings of messages intended by Ministers of the Christian religion. The study was conducted among 161 church members drawn from six church ancillary groups in Madina, a suburb of Accra. The groups were selected from Orthodox, Pentecostal and Charismatic Churches in Madina. A qualitative approach was used in this study. It was found that sets of words used as synonyms did not make any much difference in meaning to the majority of the members in the audience nor did it have any significant ...


Critical Discourse Analysis Of A Reading Text ‘Pakistan And The Modern World’: A Speech By Liaquat Ali Khan, Sheeraz Ali, Bahram Kazemian 2015 Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Critical Discourse Analysis Of A Reading Text ‘Pakistan And The Modern World’: A Speech By Liaquat Ali Khan, Sheeraz Ali, Bahram Kazemian

Bahram Kazemian

This paper presents some key concepts in studying and analyzing the aspects of communication critically. It has always been crucial and a complex phenomenon for the experts in the field of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) to decode and deduce the meaning of a text through context. They examine and attribute language as a social process involving context to determine the meaning of an utterance to its producer and receiver. It has also been of great interest and enthusiasm for discourse analysts to explore and identify the underlying objective of meaning carrying an ideological message based on religious, sociopolitical, and historical ...


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