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Opportunities And Challenges In Developing Nuclear Security In Africa, James Larkin Mfr 2016 The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Opportunities And Challenges In Developing Nuclear Security In Africa, James Larkin Mfr

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Those involved in nuclear security recognize that regions of significant instability in Africa have an impact on the safety and security of the continent's nuclear material and un-enriched uranium; however, some countries outside of continental Africa have taken counterproductive approaches to this issue. Despite challenges, the nuclear security community continues to develop and apply appropriate levels of nuclear security where needed. The community also takes every opportunity to make significant contributions to the global discourse on nuclear security culture.


Nuclear Security Risk Analysis: An Insider-Outsider Collusion Scenario, Mohammad A. Hawila, Sunil S. Chirayath 2016 Nuclear Security Science & Policy Institute, Department of Nuclear Engineering Texas A&M University, College Station, TX-77843-3473, USA

Nuclear Security Risk Analysis: An Insider-Outsider Collusion Scenario, Mohammad A. Hawila, Sunil S. Chirayath

International Journal of Nuclear Security

This study analyses the vulnerability of the physical protection system (PPS) deployed at a hypothetical facility. The PPS is designed to prevent and eliminate threats to nuclear materials and facilities. The analysis considers possible outsider and insider threats. A modified adversary sequence diagram (ASD) evaluates threat pathways to test an insider-outsider collusion case. The ASD also measures the probability of adversary interruption by demonstrating the methodology for a typical nuclear facility.


Development Of An F-Element Separation Chemistry Using Solid Electrolytes, Kristian Guy Myhre 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development Of An F-Element Separation Chemistry Using Solid Electrolytes, Kristian Guy Myhre

Doctoral Dissertations

The f‒elements (lanthanides and actinides) have numerous applications and are critically important to many industries, including the energy, security, and medical industries. One of the barriers to increased use and availability of the f‒elements is the difficulty in separating them from each other due to their similar chemistries. This is especially true of the trivalent f‒elements (lanthanides and minor actinides). The development of separation techniques that maximize the differences in the physicochemical properties of the f‒elements is therefore an important area of research. For these reasons, an effort was undertaken to explore the use of solid ...


Ijns Masthead, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Ijns Masthead

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor - Choe, Kwan Kyoo CHOE 2016 Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonprolieration and Control

Letter From The Editor - Choe, Kwan Kyoo Choe

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor - Frahi-Amroun, Akila Frahi-Amroun 2016 University of Sciences and Technology, Algiers

Letter From The Editor - Frahi-Amroun, Akila Frahi-Amroun

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor - Hirst, Russel K. Hirst 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Letter From The Editor - Hirst, Russel K. Hirst

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Call For Submission, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Call For Submission

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Call For The Student Writing Competition, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Call For The Student Writing Competition

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Table Of Contents

International Journal of Nuclear Security

No abstract provided.


Security Culture And Its Self-Assessment As Supplementary Tools For Nuclear Security Training, Igor Khripunov, Sara Z. Kutchesfahani, Khairul -. Khairul - 2016 University of Georgia

Security Culture And Its Self-Assessment As Supplementary Tools For Nuclear Security Training, Igor Khripunov, Sara Z. Kutchesfahani, Khairul -. Khairul -

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Security Culture and its Self-Assessment as Supplementary Tools for Nuclear Security Training

Igor Khripunov, PhD

Center for International Trade and Security, University of Georgia (USA)

Sara Z. Kutchesfahani, PhD

Center for International Trade and Security, University of Georgia (USA)

Khairul Khairul

National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN)

Abstract

Nuclear security culture – an emerging and widely recognized practice – serves as a means to support and enhance nuclear security. In fact, many International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) publications and the Nuclear Security Summits have highlighted the vital role of nuclear security culture and raised its status to the same level as ...


Building The Education And Training Pillar Of The University Of Tennessee’S Institute For Nuclear Security, Howard Lewis Hall 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Building The Education And Training Pillar Of The University Of Tennessee’S Institute For Nuclear Security, Howard Lewis Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The University of Tennessee (UT) developed its first formal and coordinated efforts in nuclear security education in 2008-2009 with its graduate certificate program in nuclear security in the Department of Nuclear Engineering. Building on this work, in 2011 UT established the UT Institute for Nuclear Security (INS) as a collaborative center at the university to expand its curricular impact as well as foster research and partnerships with nearby major governmental facilities engaged in nuclear security work. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12), and Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) have joined with UT as charter members ...


Promoting Excellence And Demonstrated Competence For Nuclear Security Training, Daniel Johnson, Brunelle Battistella, Roger Howsley 2016 World Institute for Nuclear Security

Promoting Excellence And Demonstrated Competence For Nuclear Security Training, Daniel Johnson, Brunelle Battistella, Roger Howsley

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The international community has spent considerable time, money, and effort attempting to establish a series of national and regional Centres of Excellence (COEs), also known as Nuclear Security Training and Support Centres (NSSCs). These Centres tend to have a wide variety of objectives, structures, and methods of delivery. Unsurprisingly, no internationally accepted standard exists on how they should operate. The IAEA has produced some excellent guidance (TECDOC 1734), but by virtue of its role cannot provide standards for benchmarking success. Against this backdrop, the World Institute for Nuclear Security (WINS) launched the WINS Academy, an initiative to provide practitioners with ...


Challenges And Responses For Ensuring Sustainability Of Insa Training Programs, Jongsook Kim, Hyung-kyung Lee, Jin-young Lee 2016 Korea Institute of Nuclear Nonproliferation and Contol

Challenges And Responses For Ensuring Sustainability Of Insa Training Programs, Jongsook Kim, Hyung-Kyung Lee, Jin-Young Lee

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Providing a systematic training is critical for a state or international perspective to reinforce nuclear security regime nationally or internationally. Korea government recognizes the importance of such challenge, and established the INSA under the KINAC as a Center of Excellence for fostering national nuclear security capacity and contributing international nuclear security governance. INSA started with the government policy that the establishment of sustainable education and training infrastructure and processes is fundamental to the capacity building strategy. After established, INSA has been designing and delivering the domestic and international/regional training programs for the purpose of fostering human resources development in ...


Nuclear Security And Hrd - Viet Nam’S Effort, Nu-Hoai-Vi Nguyen, Tan Huu Vuong 2016 Vietnam Agency for Radiation and Nuclear Safety (VARANS)

Nuclear Security And Hrd - Viet Nam’S Effort, Nu-Hoai-Vi Nguyen, Tan Huu Vuong

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Viet Nam is expanding its nuclear energy program for the application in various areas including industries, agriculture, healthcare, education and research. Recognizing the importance of the nineteen issues laid out in the IAEA document “Milestones in Development of a National Infrastructure for Nuclear Power” [1], Vietnam is considering how to address these issues. This paper describes the establishment of nuclear security infrastructure in Viet Nam and how Viet Nam has addressed one of the nineteen issues, that is human resource development in nuclear energy in general and in nuclear security in particular.


Nuclear Security Education At Pakistan Institute Of Engineering And Applied Sciences (Pieas): Current Status, Future Prospects And The Lessons Learnt, Tariq Majeed Dr. 2016 Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Nuclear Security Education At Pakistan Institute Of Engineering And Applied Sciences (Pieas): Current Status, Future Prospects And The Lessons Learnt, Tariq Majeed Dr.

International Journal of Nuclear Security

In this paper, the details of nuclear security education at Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS) have been discussed. Nuclear Security education was initiated at PIEAS as a sub-specialty of its MS Nuclear Engineering Program in October 2009. Two courses, Nuclear Security (NE-581) and Physical Protection Systems (NE-582) have been offered on regular basis in the 3rd and 4th semesters. To date, 72 students have been graduated with this sub-specialty. The most important lesson learnt is that introduction of nuclear security related courses in nuclear engineering program has opened up new venues of applications of nuclear ...


Feasibility Of The Use Of Neutron Activation Analysis Techniques In An Underwater Environment, Michael D. Chick 2016 Western Kentucky University

Feasibility Of The Use Of Neutron Activation Analysis Techniques In An Underwater Environment, Michael D. Chick

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Elements when bombarded with neutrons emit a gamma ray that is characteristic of the isotope that underwent a neutron induced nuclear reaction; this is known as neutron activation. The characteristic gamma energy of an isotope can then be detected and recorded. One can then analyze the gamma energies captured and determine the elemental makeup of the sample. This form of analysis can be used in an underwater environment making it potentially a valuable tool for agencies tasked with maritime security of ports and waterways, or clean-up operations. This thesis will focus on the feasibility of neutron interrogation using pulsed fast ...


Development Of New Radiolabeling Methods And Insights On Ionizing Radiation Interactions With Nanoparticles, Travis Shaffer 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Development Of New Radiolabeling Methods And Insights On Ionizing Radiation Interactions With Nanoparticles, Travis Shaffer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Nanoparticles are often combined with radionuclides for various applications, ranging from waste remediation to imaging and therapy in the medical field. The overarching aim of this body of work is two-fold. The first aim is development of new radiolabeling methods for various nanoparticles that allow stable attachment of a variety of imaging and therapeutic radionuclides. The second portion more fully describes mechanisms of interaction between ionizing radiation and nanoparticles.

The following advancements will be presented in this dissertation: i) a new radiolabeling method for silica and silica-based nanoparticles that does not require the use of specific chelators, with both radiochemical ...


Actinium-225 Production Via Proton Irradiation Of Thorium-232, Justin Reed Griswold 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Actinium-225 Production Via Proton Irradiation Of Thorium-232, Justin Reed Griswold

Doctoral Dissertations

High energy proton spallation reactions on natural thorium metal targets have been utilized to produce multi mCi [milliCurie] quantities of Actinium-225. Theoretical cross sections for actinium and thorium isotopes as well as for a select number of the fission products produced in these reactions were generated by the Monte Carlo radiation transport code PHITS to simulate the experimental data obtained from sixteen irradiations of thorium metal targets with 25-210 µA [microampere] proton beams ranging in energies from 77 to 192 MeV. Irradiations were conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), while target dissolution and processing ...


A Generalized Method For Fissile Material Characterization Using Short-Lived Fission Product Gamma Spectroscopy, Justin Richard Knowles 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Generalized Method For Fissile Material Characterization Using Short-Lived Fission Product Gamma Spectroscopy, Justin Richard Knowles

Doctoral Dissertations

Characterizing the fissile content of nuclear materials is of particular interest to the safeguards and nuclear forensics communities. Short-lived fission product gamma spectroscopy offers a significant reduction in analysis time and detection limits when compared to traditional non-destructive assay measurements. Through this work, a fully generalizable method that can be applied to variations in fissile compositions and neutron spectra was developed for the modeling and measurement of short-lived fission product gamma-rays. This method uses a 238-group neutron flux that was characterized for two pneumatic tube positions in the High Flux Isotope Reactor using flux monitor irradiations. This flux spectrum was ...


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