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Electrochemical Performance Of Porous Ceramic Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell, Heng-Ji Wang, Wen-Guo Chen, Zhou-Yi Quan, Kai Zhao, Yi-Fei Sun, Min Chen, Ogenko Volodymyr 2023 School of Materials Science and Hydrogen Energy, Foshan University, Foshan 528000, China

Electrochemical Performance Of Porous Ceramic Supported Tubular Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell, Heng-Ji Wang, Wen-Guo Chen, Zhou-Yi Quan, Kai Zhao, Yi-Fei Sun, Min Chen, Ogenko Volodymyr

Journal of Electrochemistry

Solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) is an efficient and clean energy conversion technology that can utilize electricity obtained from renewable resources, such as solar, wind, and geothermal energy to electrolyze water and produce hydrogen. The conversion of abundant intermittent energy to hydrogen energy would facilitate the efficient utilization of energy resources. SOEC is an all-ceramic electrochemical cell that operates in the intermediate to high temperature range of 500–750 ℃. Compared with traditional low temperature electrolysis technology (e.g., alkaline or proton exchange membrane cells operating at ~100 ℃), the high-temperature SOEC can increase the electrolysis efficiency from 80% to ~100%, providing …


Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang 2023 National Engineering Laboratory of High Concentration Refractory Organic Wastewater Treatment Technology, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai200237, China

Intelligent Control Based On Bp Artificial Neural Network For Electrochemical Nitrate Removal, Xin-Wan Zhang, Guang-Yuan Meng, Li-Qiang Fang, Ding-Ming Chang, Tong Li, Jin-Wen Hu, Peng Chen, Yong-Di Liu, Le-Hua Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Achieving effective control of parameters in the process of nitrate wastewater treatment is critical to electrochemical water treatment. The powerful nonlinear mapping ability, self-adaptation and self-learning ability of neural network technology can optimize the electrochemical processing. However, there are few researches in this direction. Hence, based on the test data of the electrochemical reduction of nitrate, an electrochemical prediction model was established by using the BP neural network algorithm. Considering the correlation of various parameters in the electrochemical process, the reaction time, initial nitrate nitrogen concentration, pH and current density were determined as the input layer of the BP neural …


An In-Situ Raman Spectroscopic Study On The Interfacial Process Of Carbonate-Based Electrolyte On Nanostructured Silver Electrode, Yu Gu, Yuan-Fei Hu, Wei-Wei Wang, En-Ming You, Shuai Tang, Jian-Jia Su, Jun Yi, Jia-Wei Yan, Zhong-Qun Tian, Bing-Wei Mao 2023 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Innovation Laboratory for Sciences and Technologies of Energy Materials of Fujian Province (IKKEM), College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

An In-Situ Raman Spectroscopic Study On The Interfacial Process Of Carbonate-Based Electrolyte On Nanostructured Silver Electrode, Yu Gu, Yuan-Fei Hu, Wei-Wei Wang, En-Ming You, Shuai Tang, Jian-Jia Su, Jun Yi, Jia-Wei Yan, Zhong-Qun Tian, Bing-Wei Mao

Journal of Electrochemistry

The solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) plays a key role in anodes for rechargeable lithium-based battery technologies. However, a thorough understanding in the mechanisms of SEI formation and evolution remains a major challenge, hindering the rapid development and wide applications of Li-based batteries. Here, we devise a borrowing surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity strategy by utilizing a size optimized Ag nanosubstrate to in-situ monitor the formation and evolution of SEI, as well as its structure and chemistry in an ethylene carbonate-based electrolyte. To ensure a reliable in-situ SERS investigation, we designed a strict air-tight Raman cell with a three-electrode configuration. Based on …


Elucidating The Pd Active Sites Of Bimetallic Gold-Palladium Catalysts Using Chemisorption And Titration Techniques, Andrew T. Boucher 2023 University of Maine

Elucidating The Pd Active Sites Of Bimetallic Gold-Palladium Catalysts Using Chemisorption And Titration Techniques, Andrew T. Boucher

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst combines two different metals on an oxide support, which can increase the selectivity towards useful products that may be too tightly bound to a monometallic catalyst. To explore the surface properties of such a system, we made a group of four PdAu bimetallic catalysts with varying gold mass loadings to compare with a parent Pd catalyst. The parent catalyst was synthesized using ion exchange, and gold was added to this parent Pd catalyst using incipient wetness impregnation (IWI) to create four bimetallic catalysts. All catalysts were characterized using H2 and CO chemisorption in tandem with …


Enhanced Mechanical Strength Of Soybean Oil-Based Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Adhesive For Wood Application By Introducing Nanofillers, Vatsal Chaudhari 2023 Pittsburg State University

Enhanced Mechanical Strength Of Soybean Oil-Based Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Adhesive For Wood Application By Introducing Nanofillers, Vatsal Chaudhari

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Polyurethane (PU) is a versatile material that finds extensive use in various industries including bedding, construction, automotive, and packaging. Historically, this particular polymer relied significantly on petrochemical resources, a practice that was considered to have negative environmental impacts. The conventional method for preparing PU involves the use of isocyanate, which is a disadvantage due to its negative impact on the environment and human health. The resolution of this problem entails identifying an appropriate substitute for petroleum-derived products that minimize their impact on both the environment and human health. The researchers earlier utilized soybean oil, for the formulation of PUs in …


Exploring Soybean Oil-Based Polyol And Effect Of Non-Halogenated Flame Retardants In Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Sahithi Kondaveeti 2023 Pittsburg State University

Exploring Soybean Oil-Based Polyol And Effect Of Non-Halogenated Flame Retardants In Rigid Polyurethane Foam, Sahithi Kondaveeti

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

To address the increasing demand for sustainable biomaterials due to the depletion of fossil fuel resources and growing environmental concerns, a new type of biodegradable and environmentally friendly rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) has been synthesized. These foams are derived from chemically modified soybean oil-based polyol obtained from soybean oil by epoxidation followed by a ring-opening reaction. Polyurethane foam is generally used in construction, furniture, and automobile industries but is highly flammable and releases toxic gases and smoke during combustion. In this study, a highly efficient synergistic effect halogen-free flame-retardant (FR) melamine salt, 2-carboxyethyl(phenyl)phosphinic acid melamine salt (CMA) was synthesized from …


Oxidation Of Ethanolamine By Potassium Permanganate In The Presence And Absence Of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate: A Kinetic Study In An Acidic Medium, Dayo Latona 2023 Osun State University, Osogbo 221104, Nigeria

Oxidation Of Ethanolamine By Potassium Permanganate In The Presence And Absence Of Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate: A Kinetic Study In An Acidic Medium, Dayo Latona

Makara Journal of Science

The kinetics of ethanolamine oxidation by acidified KMnO4 was investigated in the absence and presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was investigated using a pseudo-first-order kinetics approach, with [ethanolamine]o >> [KMnO4]o. The measurements were conducted at λmax = 525 nm using an ultraviolet/visible-1800 Shimadzu spectrophotometer. The stoichiometry showed that 2 moles of KMnO4 were consumed by 5 moles of ethanolamine in the aqueous medium. The reaction orders in both the aqueous and micellar media remained the same with a first-order dependence on [KMnO4] and [ethanolamine] and a fractional-order dependence on [H …


Material Formulation And Process Optimization Towards Fabricating Robust 3d Printed Structures, Austin Riggins 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Material Formulation And Process Optimization Towards Fabricating Robust 3d Printed Structures, Austin Riggins

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on understanding and addressing the fundamental physicochemical phenomena that lead to weak interfaces and structural warpage in material extrusion 3D printing. Polymeric feedstocks used for this manufacturing technique were manipulated through the incorporation of additives that alter the dynamics of the matrix during and after printing. In Chapter II, adhesion between layers of structures printed from PEEK was strengthened through a combination of low-molecular weight additive incorporation and post-printing thermal annealing. Chapter III reports a method for decreasing the irreversible thermal strain of structures printed from poly(lactic acid) by introducing nanographene and photoinitiator additives into the feedstock …


Aspects Of Stochastic Geometric Mechanics In Molecular Biophysics, David Frost 2023 Clemson University

Aspects Of Stochastic Geometric Mechanics In Molecular Biophysics, David Frost

All Dissertations

In confocal single-molecule FRET experiments, the joint distribution of FRET efficiency and donor lifetime distribution can reveal underlying molecular conformational dynamics via deviation from their theoretical Forster relationship. This shift is referred to as a dynamic shift. In this study, we investigate the influence of the free energy landscape in protein conformational dynamics on the dynamic shift by simulation of the associated continuum reaction coordinate Langevin dynamics, yielding a deeper understanding of the dynamic and structural information in the joint FRET efficiency and donor lifetime distribution. We develop novel Langevin models for the dye linker dynamics, including rotational dynamics, based …


Understanding The Interaction Of Environmental Contaminants With Polystyrene Nanoparticles And Dna Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Density Functional Theory, Saduni Arachchi 2023 Clemson University

Understanding The Interaction Of Environmental Contaminants With Polystyrene Nanoparticles And Dna Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy And Density Functional Theory, Saduni Arachchi

All Dissertations

The objective of the thesis is to study the effect of environmental pollutants on polystyrene nanoparticles and biomolecules. This is done in two different techniques, particularly NMR and density functional theory. In this thesis, we use a combination of 1H NMR, Saturation-Transfer Difference (STD) NMR and relaxation experiments to study the interactions, kinetics and dynamics of antibiotics with polystyrene nanoparticles. (PS NPs) Density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the binding of commonly used non-oxidative hair dyes to biomolecules (DNA and amino acids) and PS particles.


Computational Investigations Of Bond Breaking Processes Using Dft And Td-Dft Approaches., Saurav Parmar 2023 University of Louisville

Computational Investigations Of Bond Breaking Processes Using Dft And Td-Dft Approaches., Saurav Parmar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The efficient application of DFT and TD-DFT has been harnessed to study bond-breaking processes in some molecules which play a prominent role in enzymatic reactions. The first application includes Radical S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) enzymes which are fundamentally important sources of organic radicals to initiate diverse radical reactions. Recently a bio-organometallic intermediate (Ω) that contains an Fe‒C bond has been characterized and shown to be a common feature of radical SAM enzymes. The strength of Fe‒C bond in Ω has been computed using broken-symmetry density functional theory (BS‒DFT). Additionally, Fe‒C bond dissociation energy (BDE) in Ω has been compared to that …


Stress-Sensing In Flexible Epoxy Adhesives, Christine Rukeyser 2023 The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Stress-Sensing In Flexible Epoxy Adhesives, Christine Rukeyser

Honors Theses

In mechanochemistry, mechanical force causes a chemical change using small molecules, called mechanophores, by covalently connecting them into polymer materials. Stress-sensing mechanophores give a visual signal of mechanical force on the molecular level within a material. To our knowledge, stress-sensing mechanophores have never been incorporated into a commercially available epoxy kit. In this work, the characterization of two 3MTM Scotch-Weld TM Epoxy Adhesive kits: DP100 Plus Clear and DP190 Translucent have been completed through FT-IR Spectroscopy. The addition of the mechanophore spiropyran to the 3M kits will be discussed; as well as preparation and characterization of three dimerized anthracene derivatives. …


Constructing Carbon-Encapsulated Nifev-Based Electrocatalysts By Alkoxide-Based Self-Template Method For Oxygen Evolution Reaction, En-Hui Ma, Xu-Po Liu, Tao Shen, De-Li Wang 2023 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

Constructing Carbon-Encapsulated Nifev-Based Electrocatalysts By Alkoxide-Based Self-Template Method For Oxygen Evolution Reaction, En-Hui Ma, Xu-Po Liu, Tao Shen, De-Li Wang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The development of green and sustainable water-splitting hydrogen production technology is beneficial to reducing the over-reliance on fossil fuels and realizing the strategic goal of "carbon neutral". As one of the half reactions for water splitting, oxygen evolution reaction has suffered the problems of sluggish four-electron transfer process and relatively slow reaction kinetics. Therefore, exploring efficient and stable catalysts for oxygen evolution reaction is of critical importance for water-splitting technology. Metal alkoxides are a series of compounds formed by the coordination function of metal ions with alcohol molecules. Metal alkoxides possess the double advantages of organic materials and inorganic materials, …


Preparation And Lithium Storage Properties Of Carbon Confined Li3Vo4 Nano Materials, Jia-Qi Fan, Huan-Qiao Song, Jia-Ying An, Amantai A-Yi-Da-Na, Mo Chen 2023 College of New Materials and Chemical Engineering & Hydrogen Energy Research Centre; Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing 102617, China

Preparation And Lithium Storage Properties Of Carbon Confined Li3Vo4 Nano Materials, Jia-Qi Fan, Huan-Qiao Song, Jia-Ying An, Amantai A-Yi-Da-Na, Mo Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Li3VO4, as a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries, has been widely studied because of its low and safe voltage, and large capacity. However, its poor electronic conductivity impedes the practical application of Li3VO4 particularly at high rates. In this paper, carbon confined Li3VO4 nano materials (Li3VO4/C) were synthesized by hydrothermal and solid-phase method, and for comparison, the Li3VO4 (N) nano materials without carbon confinement and Li3VO4 (B) materials were also synthesized by pure solid-phase method. The composition, structure, morphology and specific …


Peg-Water Electrolyte For High-Performance Zinc Iodine Dual-Ion Batteries, Xiao-Feng Qu, Yu-Ting Tang, Xin-Cheng He, Jia-Sheng Zhou, Zi-Heng Tang, Wen-Hua Feng, Jun Liu 2023 Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China

Peg-Water Electrolyte For High-Performance Zinc Iodine Dual-Ion Batteries, Xiao-Feng Qu, Yu-Ting Tang, Xin-Cheng He, Jia-Sheng Zhou, Zi-Heng Tang, Wen-Hua Feng, Jun Liu

Journal of Electrochemistry

Thanks to abundant resource and rapid redox reaction kinetics, iodine is regarded as promising positive materials inthe batteries. However, the shuttling effect due to the high solubility of iodine in the electrolyte makes the performance of battery poor. In this paper, polyethylene glycol (PEG400) and potassium iodide were added into zinc-ion aqueous electrolyte. PEG400 could complex with iodine to reduce the dissolution of iodine, therefore alleviating the formation of soluble triiodide (I3) from iodine and iodide ions. Furthermore, this electrolyte was used in the battery with double carbon cloths as the current collectors, double separators and zinc …


Lif-Sn Composite Modification Layer To Modify Garnet/Lithium Metal Interface, Wu Yang, Xue-Fan Zheng, Yu-Qi Wu, Zheng-Liang Gong 2023 College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Lif-Sn Composite Modification Layer To Modify Garnet/Lithium Metal Interface, Wu Yang, Xue-Fan Zheng, Yu-Qi Wu, Zheng-Liang Gong

Journal of Electrochemistry

The growing demands for electric vehicles and consumer electronics; as well as the expanding renewable energy storage market; have promoted extensive research on energy storage technologies with low costhigh energy density and safety. Lithium (Li) metal and solid-state electrolytes are considered as important components for next-generation batteries because of their great potential for improvements in energy density and safety performance. Inorganic garnet-type solid electrolytes with high Li-ion conductivity (about 10-3 S·cm-1) and high shear modulus (55 GPa) are considered to be ideal solid-state electrolytes; however; the issue of Li dendrite growth still obstructs their practical application. Herein; …


Applying Density Functional Theory Simulations To Study The Charge Balancing And Structure Directing Roles Of Fluoride In Zeolite Synthesis, Tongkun Wang 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Applying Density Functional Theory Simulations To Study The Charge Balancing And Structure Directing Roles Of Fluoride In Zeolite Synthesis, Tongkun Wang

Doctoral Dissertations

Zeolites represent a major cornerstone of today’s energy industry as the most-used petrochemical catalyst by weight in the world. Constituted by tetrahedra of T-atoms including Si, Al, Ge and Ti, zeolites form a huge family of nano-porous crystalline materials which also provide reliable candidates for novel, energy related applications such as efficient separations, hydrogen-purifying/storing and conversions from biomass to biofuel. However, the formation mechanism of zeolite is still not clear, as synthesis processes are complicated by requirements including structure directing agents (SDAs), hydroxide or fluoride medium, and experimental conditions like temperature. Attempts for designing new zeolite structures still fall in …


Atomistic Simulations Of Intrinsically Disordered Protein Folding And Dynamics, Xiping Gong 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Atomistic Simulations Of Intrinsically Disordered Protein Folding And Dynamics, Xiping Gong

Doctoral Dissertations

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are crucial in biology and human diseases, necessitating a comprehensive understanding of their structure, dynamics, and interactions. Atomistic simulations have emerged as a key tool for unraveling the molecular intricacies and establishing mechanistic insights into how these proteins facilitate diverse biological functions. However, achieving accurate simulations requires both an appropriate protein force field capable of describing the energy landscape of functionally relevant IDP conformations and sufficient conformational sampling to capture the free energy landscape of IDP dynamics. These factors are fundamental in comprehending potential IDP structures, dynamics, and interactions. I first conducted explicit solvent simulations to …


Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi 2023 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Binding Interactions Of Biologically Relevant Molecules Studied Using Surface-Modified And Nanostructured Surfaces, Palak Sondhi

Dissertations

This research focuses on the field of surface nanobioscience, wherein different nanosurfaces that will be used as working electrodes in the electrochemical cell are manufactured and surface modified to understand the critical binding interactions between biologically significant molecules like proteins, carbohydrates, small drug molecules, and glycoproteins. This research is essential if we are to determine whether a synthetic molecule can serve as a therapeutic candidate or diagnose a disease in its early stages. In order to fully understand the binding interactions, the study begins with defining some of the fundamental concepts, principles, and analytical tools for biosensing.

Afterwards, we addressed …


Syntheses, Photophysics, & Application Of Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Zachary L. Magnuson 2023 University of South Florida

Syntheses, Photophysics, & Application Of Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Zachary L. Magnuson

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Porphyrins are a group of heterocyclic macrocycles that play crucial roles in various biological processes such as electron transfer, catalysis, and sensing. Hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood of mammals, and chlorophyll, which drives photosynthesis in plants and algae, are both porphyrins. The ability of porphyrins to bind metal ions and their unique electronic and photophysical properties make them an excellent platform for designing functional materials for various applications, often drawing inspiration from their function in nature. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of porous materials that have been extensively studied in recent years due to their high surface …


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