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Synthesis, Characterization And Spectroscopic Studies Of Novel Donor-Acceptor Complexes, Shiyue Gao 2023 Chemistry and Chemical Biology

Synthesis, Characterization And Spectroscopic Studies Of Novel Donor-Acceptor Complexes, Shiyue Gao

Chemistry and Chemical Biology ETDs

Square-planar compounds of the (dichalcogenolene)Pt(diimine) series are possess unique photophysical properties that include long-lived excited state lifetimes, which result in their being potential candidates for numerous applications. These applications include solar energy conversion, photocatalysis, nonlinear optics, and photoluminescent probes of biological systems. The most interesting feature of the (dichalcogenolene)Pt(diimine) series of molecules is the bpydichalcogenolene ligand-to-ligand charge transfer (LL’CT) band. To better understand their photoluminescent decay mechanism, and understand their excited dark state properties, we have synthesized and characterized new compounds that include (Thp-bpy)Pt(CAT), (Thp2-bpy)Pt(CAT), (Thp-bpy)Pt(bdt), and (Thp2-bpy)Pt(bdt). Through interpretation of electronic absorption, resonance Raman, XAS, photoluminesce spectroscopy, in addition …


Halide Exchange And Transport In Halide Perovskite Lattices, Temban Acha Billy 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Halide Exchange And Transport In Halide Perovskite Lattices, Temban Acha Billy

Department of Chemistry: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

In recent years, metal-halide perovskites (MHPs) have risen quickly to prominence as promising materials across a variety of fields, from photovoltaics to optoelectronics in general. We show here a facile solution growth for creating a variety of mixed halide MAPbBr3-xIx crystals, which we will use to study halide exchange and transport in halide perovskites. We generated a calibration curve between the optical response and chemical composition in mixed Br/I MHPs at room temperature. All mixed Br/I MHP crystals were subjected to measurements of photoluminescence (PL) and Raman spectroscopy. A subset of mixed-halide MHP crystals exhibited multiple emission …


Isolating The Electronic Effects Of Systematic Twist In Highly Substituted Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using Density Functional Theory, Grace Tully, Emily A. Jarvis 2023 Loyola Marymount University

Isolating The Electronic Effects Of Systematic Twist In Highly Substituted Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using Density Functional Theory, Grace Tully, Emily A. Jarvis

Honors Thesis

Density functional theory (DFT) was employed to investigate dodecaphenyltetracene as well as similar molecules containing differing backbone lengths and electron withdrawing groups with interest in manipulating the twist to lower the LUMO level for increased electron mobility. Optimization and frequency time-independent calculations followed by time-dependent (TD-DFT) energy calculations were performed at the B3LYP/G-311G level of theory to analyze electronic trends as a result of increased backbone length and consequently distorted end-to-end molecular twist. These calculations demonstrate a linear relationship with negative slope between the estimated HOMO-LUMO, fundamental, and optical gaps as a function of the number of fused rings along …


Quantum Mechanical Studies Of Water Splitting Reaction With (Zno)3 Nanoclusters As Catalysts, Duwage C. Perera 2023 University of Maine

Quantum Mechanical Studies Of Water Splitting Reaction With (Zno)3 Nanoclusters As Catalysts, Duwage C. Perera

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the current energy crisis, H2 production through the water-splitting reaction has drawn attention recently. In this thesis, I studied the structural (geometry) and electronic properties (vertical detachment energy and electron affinity) of ZnO monomers and dimers using density functional theory. ZnO is a metal oxide with a 3.37 eV band gap and can be a commercially cheaper photocatalyst in hydrogen (H2) production. The B3LYP/DGDZVP2 pair was selected after investigating different pairs of exchange functionals and basis sets to study the hydration, hydrolysis, and water-splitting reaction. The singlet-triplet energy gaps of small (ZnO)n clusters (n=1-6) of …


Influence Of Platinum Nanoparticles On Ionic Transport And Hydrogen Reactivity Of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Thin Films, Firas Mahyob 2023 University of Maine

Influence Of Platinum Nanoparticles On Ionic Transport And Hydrogen Reactivity Of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Thin Films, Firas Mahyob

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is a widely used ceramic material in solid oxide fuel cells, oxygen sensors, and sensing applications due to its high ionic conductivity, chemical inertness, and thermal stability. YSZ is promising active coating for use in miniaturized harsh environment wireless surface acoustic sensors to monitor gases such as H2. Adding catalytic Pt nanoparticles can enhance gas reactivity and lead to associated film conductivity changes.

In this work, thin films with an (8% Y2O3 - 92% ZrO2) composition were deposited onto piezoelectric langasite substrates using RF magnetron sputtering in Ar:O2 - …


Stoichiometric Determination Of Hydride Materials At Extreme Conditions, Gregory Alexander Smith 2023 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Stoichiometric Determination Of Hydride Materials At Extreme Conditions, Gregory Alexander Smith

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Hydrogen was predicted to be a high-temperature superconductor at near-megabar conditions in 1968,[1] but only recently was been experimentally observed.[2] This is due to the extraneous metrological constraint of requiring 5 megabars of pressure to stabilize. A more practical approach for synthesis of high-temperature superconductors has been pro-posed through the use of hydride compounds. Recently, a surge of rare earth hydrides have achieved critical superconducting transition temperatures (T_C ) close to room temperature.[3, 4, 5, 6] However, due to limitations of the necessary instrumentation to achieve megabar pressures, many techniques traditionally used to measure stoichiometry are unavailable.Three works presented in …


Utilizing Fluorescent Nanoscale Particles To Create A Map Of The Electric Double Layer, Quintus Owen 2023 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Utilizing Fluorescent Nanoscale Particles To Create A Map Of The Electric Double Layer, Quintus Owen

Theses and Dissertations

The interactions between charged particles in solution and an applied electric field follow several models, most notably the Gouy-Chapman-Stern model, for the establishment of an electric double layer along the electrode, but these models make several assumptions of ionic concentrations and an infinite bulk solution. As more scientific progress is made for the finite and single molecule reactions inside microfluidic cells, the limitations of the models become more extreme. Thus, creating an accurate map of the precise response of charged nanoparticles in an electric field becomes increasingly vital. Another compounding factor is Brownian motion’s inverse relationship with size: large easily …


Development And Study Of Small Database For The Activation Of Nitrous Oxide Towards Formation Of Iron(Iv)-Oxo Species, Tobias Barthalomew Robertson 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Development And Study Of Small Database For The Activation Of Nitrous Oxide Towards Formation Of Iron(Iv)-Oxo Species, Tobias Barthalomew Robertson

Masters Theses

Nitrous oxide (N2O) can undergo an oxygen atom transfer (OAT) reaction resulting in inert nitrogen gas (N2O) while transferring an oxygen atom to a molecular complex or material. This process is of catalytic importance since this OAT reaction can be leveraged to form iron(IV)-oxo sites, which are known to be catalytic intermediates. Here, an investigation of the ligand field effects on primarily iron(II) complexes for the formation of iron(IV)-oxo sites with nitrous oxide as the oxidant is reported. An initial database of sixty-four molecular complexes with ligand environments varying in field strength and coordination geometry was …


Carbon Dioxide Reduction On Large Area Liquid Metal Gallium-Indium Electrocatalysts, Thomas Hollis 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Carbon Dioxide Reduction On Large Area Liquid Metal Gallium-Indium Electrocatalysts, Thomas Hollis

Chemistry & Biochemistry Undergraduate Honors Theses

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is widely known as a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming due to the burning of fossil fuels. The carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) is widely studied to reutilize CO2 to useful products, including methane, ethane, and carbon monoxide. This project studies the use of liquid metal gallium-indium as an electrocatalyst to perform CO2 reduction to carbon monoxide (CO) or possibly solid carbon in various solutions. Gallium-indium is characterized and studied through its “wetting” properties and adhesion to substrate foil through the measurement of contact angles inside solution. These liquid …


Mechanisms Of Formation Of Novel Guanine-Guanine Cross-Links As Major End Products During One-Electron Oxidation Of Guanine Derivatives, Evan Dunn 2023 East Tennessee State University

Mechanisms Of Formation Of Novel Guanine-Guanine Cross-Links As Major End Products During One-Electron Oxidation Of Guanine Derivatives, Evan Dunn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Guanine (G), as the most oxidizable base in DNA, is the major focus of studies of oxidation damage to DNA. The present thesis reports the first detailed characterization of G dimerization products potentially resulting from recombination of neutral G• radicals. Previous research has discovered a novel type of products of G• dimerization, D1 and D2, formed from one-electron oxidation of G derivatives. However, the mechanism of this dimerization remains elusive. While there appears to be a tautomeric equilibrium between two forms of G•, G(N1-H)• or G(N2-H)•, it remains unclear which intermediate participates in the formation of …


Collisional Excitation Of C2h- By H2: New Interaction Potential And Scattering Calculations, Fabien Dumouchel, Ernesto Quintas-Sánchez, Christian Balança, Richard Dawes, François Lique, Nicole Feautrier 2023 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Collisional Excitation Of C2h- By H2: New Interaction Potential And Scattering Calculations, Fabien Dumouchel, Ernesto Quintas-Sánchez, Christian Balança, Richard Dawes, François Lique, Nicole Feautrier

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

Interstellar Anions Play an Important Role in Astrochemistry as Being Tracers of the Physical and Chemical Conditions in Cold Molecular Clouds and Circumstellar Gas. the Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium is Generally Not Fulfilled in Media Where Anions Are Detected and Radiative and Collisional Data Are Required to Model the Observed Lines. the C2H- Anion Has Not Yet Been Detected in the Interstellar Medium; However, Collisional Data Could Be Used for Non-LTE Models that Would Help in Identifying the Most Intense Lines. for This Purpose, We Have Computed the First 4D Potential Energy Surface (PES) of the C2H--H2 Complex using an Explicitly …


Ultraviolet-Initiated In-Situ Cross-Linking Of Multifunctional Binder Backbones Enables Robust Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Sha Li, Xiao Zhan, Gu-Lian Wang, Hui-Qun Wang, Wei-Ming Xiong, Li Zhang 2023 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Centre of Chemistry for Energy Materials (iChEM), Tan Kah Kee Innovation Laboratory, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Ultraviolet-Initiated In-Situ Cross-Linking Of Multifunctional Binder Backbones Enables Robust Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Sha Li, Xiao Zhan, Gu-Lian Wang, Hui-Qun Wang, Wei-Ming Xiong, Li Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries show attractive prospects owing to their high theoretical energy density, but their commercialization still faces such challenges as lithium polysulfides shuttling, severe volume change and considerable polarization. These stubborn issues place higher demands on each component in the battery, such as the development of multifunctional binders with superior mechanical properties. Herein, ethoxylated trimethylolpropane triacrylate was firstly introduced into sulfur cathodes, and in-situ cross-linked by ultraviolet (UV) curing combined with traditional polyvinylidene difluoride binder (i.e., forming a binary binder, denoted as c-ETPTA/PVDF) to construct high-loading and durable Li-S batteries. The covalently cross-linked ETPTA framework not …


Metals And Alloys As Catalytic Hosts Of Sulfur Cathode For Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Zhen-Yu Wang, Xue-Ping Gao 2023 Institute of Science and Technology, China Three Gorges Corporation, Beijing 101100, China

Metals And Alloys As Catalytic Hosts Of Sulfur Cathode For Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Zhen-Yu Wang, Xue-Ping Gao

Journal of Electrochemistry

Lithium-sulfur batteries are recognized as one of the most promising next-generation energy storage devices, owing to the high theoretical energy density of 2600 Wh·kg–1. However, their application has been seriously hindered by the sluggish electrochemical reaction kinetics of elemental sulfur and discharged products (Li2S2/Li2S), and the notorious “shuttle effect” of soluble intermediate lithium polysulfide species, leading to poor cycle stability, low sulfur utilization and inferior coulombic efficiency. Introducing catalytic hosts into sulfur cathode is an efficient path to propel the conversion of sulfur-contained species, thus preventing the dissolution and loss of active-sulfur …


Cobalt/Carbon Composites As Sulfur Hosts For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Yun-Rui Yang, Huan-Huan Dong, Zhi-Qiang Hao, Xiang-Xi He, Zhuo Yang, Lin Li, Shu-Lei Chou 2023 1Institute for Carbon Neutralization, College of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, China 2Wenzhou Key Laboratory of Sodium-Ion Batteries, Wenzhou University Technology Innovation Institute for Carbon Neutralization, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, China

Cobalt/Carbon Composites As Sulfur Hosts For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Yun-Rui Yang, Huan-Huan Dong, Zhi-Qiang Hao, Xiang-Xi He, Zhuo Yang, Lin Li, Shu-Lei Chou

Journal of Electrochemistry

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is one of the promising energy storage devices because of its high energy density. However, the sulfur cathode suffers from sluggish electrochemical reaction kinetics, slow charge transfer, large volume expansion and severe shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides inevitably resulting in low reversible capacity, poor rate performance and short cycle life, limiting its practical applications. Herein, the recent progress of cobalt/carbon composites, including cobalt nanoparticles and cobalt single atoms, as the sulfur host materials in Li-S batteries is overviewed. In general, cobalt plays the role of electrocatalyst, which inhibits the shuttle effect of lithium polysulfides, accelerates the electrochemical …


Recent Advances Of Functional Electrolyte Additives For Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Xiu-Qing Zhang, Shuai Tang, Yong-Zhu Fu 2023 College of Chemistry, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, PR China

Recent Advances Of Functional Electrolyte Additives For Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Xiu-Qing Zhang, Shuai Tang, Yong-Zhu Fu

Journal of Electrochemistry

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have become one of the most promising next-generation battery systems due to their high energy density and low cost. However, the application of Li-S batteries still faces critical challenges, such as the low conductivities of S and Li2S, shuttle effect of polysulfides and dendrite growth of Li, etc. The optimization of the electrolyte can ameliorate the electrolyte|electrode interphase, conveniently regulating the parasitic reaction and improving the performance of the resultant batteries. The functional additives in electrolytes provide chances to tune the interphase and even the redox mechanism to improve the performance of the batteries. In …


Preface To The Special Issue On Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Jia-Jia Chen, Ren-Jie Chen, Zhong Jin 2023 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Preface To The Special Issue On Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Jia-Jia Chen, Ren-Jie Chen, Zhong Jin

Journal of Electrochemistry

No abstract provided.


Probing The Effect Of Nitrogen And Boron Doping On Structures, Properties, And Stability Of C20 Clusters, Ramsay Revennaugh, Martina Kaledin 2023 Kennesaw State University

Probing The Effect Of Nitrogen And Boron Doping On Structures, Properties, And Stability Of C20 Clusters, Ramsay Revennaugh, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

Fullerenes are carbon molecules arranged in a closed hollow shell to form spherical-like structures. These clusters exist in various sizes, Cn, with the smallest being C20. C20, often when doped with other elements, has shown promise in creating new materials as a catalyst and as energy storage material. Here, we look at the existence of C20 doped with nitrogen or boron atoms using density functional theory (DFT). C20 is doped with one to three boron or nitrogen atoms, respectively, including the five different C18N2 / C18B2 …


Ab Initio Calculations Of Vibrational Spectra Of Model Peptides, Katheryn Foust, Martina Kaledin 2023 Kennesaw State University

Ab Initio Calculations Of Vibrational Spectra Of Model Peptides, Katheryn Foust, Martina Kaledin

Symposium of Student Scholars

The function of biological molecules is closely related to their spatial structure and conformational dynamics. Therefore, understanding the structure and functions of small peptides contributes to gaining insight into the behavior of more complex systems. The peptide bond (-CO-NH-) is among the very important binding patterns in biochemistry. It links amino acids together, specifies rigidity to the protein backbone, and includes the two essential docking sites for hydrogen-bond-mediated protein folding and protein aggregation, namely, the C=O acceptor and the N-H donor parts. Therefore, the C=O (amide-I) and N-H (amide-A) vibrations provide sensitive and widely used probes into the structure of …


A Comparative Study Of Specific Enthalpy Of Aromatic Hydrocarbons With Simple Carbohydrates, Kohl D. Kervin, Subha Pratihar 2023 Arkansas Tech University

A Comparative Study Of Specific Enthalpy Of Aromatic Hydrocarbons With Simple Carbohydrates, Kohl D. Kervin, Subha Pratihar

ATU Research Symposium

Calorimetry is an aspect of chemistry primarily focused on determining the enthalpy of reactions (∆Hrxn). In the bomb calorimetry technique, the heat of combustion of chemical compounds can be measured experimentally. From this data and the application of Hess’s Law, ∆the Hrxn of several chemical reactions can be determined. The technique of bomb calorimetry can be applied to food, fuels, pharmaceuticals, and many other fields. The objective of the present project is to determine the specific enthalpy of various simple carbohydrates (naturally occurring sugars) through bomb calorimetry and compare it with that of aromatic hydrocarbons.

By performing benzoic acid standardization …


Physical And Chemical Changes Lesson Plan, Admin STEM for Success 2023 NJIT CSLA

Physical And Chemical Changes Lesson Plan, Admin Stem For Success

STEM for Success Showcase

Lesson plan and video for an activity on the difference between physical and chemical changes.


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