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Syntheses, Photophysics, & Application Of Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Zachary L. Magnuson 2023 University of South Florida

Syntheses, Photophysics, & Application Of Porphyrinic Metal-Organic Frameworks, Zachary L. Magnuson

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Porphyrins are a group of heterocyclic macrocycles that play crucial roles in various biological processes such as electron transfer, catalysis, and sensing. Hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood of mammals, and chlorophyll, which drives photosynthesis in plants and algae, are both porphyrins. The ability of porphyrins to bind metal ions and their unique electronic and photophysical properties make them an excellent platform for designing functional materials for various applications, often drawing inspiration from their function in nature. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of porous materials that have been extensively studied in recent years due to their high surface …


Contributions Of Tunneling In 8Π-6Π Electrocyclic Cascade Reactions Of Bicyclo[4.2.0]Octa-2,4-Diene Moieties, Ishika Jain, Claire Castro, William L. Karney 2023 University of San Francisco

Contributions Of Tunneling In 8Π-6Π Electrocyclic Cascade Reactions Of Bicyclo[4.2.0]Octa-2,4-Diene Moieties, Ishika Jain, Claire Castro, William L. Karney

Featured Student Work

Six-electron electrocyclic reactions usually require relatively high temperatures; however recent research has shown that such reactions can occur at significantly lower temperatures in biosynthetic and biomimetic pathways. Pathways resulting in bicyclo[4.2.0]octa-2,4-diene moieties arise from thermally allowed 8π-6π electrocyclization cascade reactions of 1,3,5,7-octatetraenes, as in the biosynthesis of endiandric acids, elysiapyrones, and numerous other natural products. We report multidimensional tunneling calculations to explore the possible contribution of heavy-atom tunneling (e.g. by carbon) to biosynthetic pathways and biomimetic syntheses, and thus to provide a more complete picture of biochemical kinetics. M06-2X/cc-pVDZ calculations on the 8π-6π cascade cyclizations of methylated octatetraene model systems …


Metal Organic Frameworks (Mofs) Supported Single Atom Catalysts (Sacs) For Solar Fuel Conversion, Humphrey Chiromo 2023 Marquette University

Metal Organic Frameworks (Mofs) Supported Single Atom Catalysts (Sacs) For Solar Fuel Conversion, Humphrey Chiromo

Dissertations (1934 -)

The continual reliance on non-renewable energy sources from fossil fuels to meet the world’s energy demand is causing serious environmental problems such as air pollution and global warming, hence there is a need of an alternative clean sustainable energy source. Exploration of clean sustainable renewable energies shows great promise to replace fossil fuels to meet global energy needs. Among the renewable energy sources, solar energy represents one of the most promising alternative energy sources due to its abundance and sustainability. However, the major challenge is the harvesting and storage of solar energy. One of the promising approaches to resolve these …


Research Progress And Performance Improvement Strategies Of Hard Carbon Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Xiu-Ping Yin, Yu-Feng Zhao, Jiu-Jun Zhang 2023 School of Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China

Research Progress And Performance Improvement Strategies Of Hard Carbon Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Xiu-Ping Yin, Yu-Feng Zhao, Jiu-Jun Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

This paper systematically summarizes the research progress of hard carbon anode materials in sodium ion batteries(SIBs) and the development of the corresponding sodium storage mechanism in recent years, and reviews the performance improvement strategies of hard carbon materials from the aspects of structural design and electrolyte regulation. The effects of the selection of precursors, carbonization temperature, pretreatment, pore formers, heteroatom doping, material compounding, electrolyte regulation and pre-sodiumization on the sodium storage performance of hard carbon anode materials are briefly described. This paper provides new insights into the design, synthesis and electrolyte
matching of high-performance and low-cost hard carbon materials, and …


Surface Modifications Of Lini0.96Co0.02Mn0.02O2 With Tungsten Oxide And Phosphotungstic Acid, Gang Zhao, Zheng-Liang Gong, Yi-Xiao Li, Yong Yang 2023 College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Surface Modifications Of Lini0.96Co0.02Mn0.02O2 With Tungsten Oxide And Phosphotungstic Acid, Gang Zhao, Zheng-Liang Gong, Yi-Xiao Li, Yong Yang

Journal of Electrochemistry

With the rapid development of electric vehicles, enormous demands are made for higher energy density, better cycling performance and lower cost of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). As an important high capacity cathode material for LIBs, the high nickel layered oxide material LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2(NCM811) can reach an energy density of 760 Wh·kg-1. The ultra-high nickel ternary positive electrode material (LiNi1-x-yCoxMnyO2, x ≥ 0.90) has a specific capacity of more than 210 mAh·g-1, and can realize higher energy density. Besides, an ultra-high nickel material …


Charge-Dependence Of Dissolution/Deposition Energy Barrier On Cu(111) Electrode Surface By Multiscale Simulations, Hang Qiao, Yong Zhu, Sheng Sun, Tong-Yi Zhang 2023 Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, 200444 Shanghai, China

Charge-Dependence Of Dissolution/Deposition Energy Barrier On Cu(111) Electrode Surface By Multiscale Simulations, Hang Qiao, Yong Zhu, Sheng Sun, Tong-Yi Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Behaviors of electrified interface under different applied potentials/charges play the central role in electroplating process and electrochemical corrosion. The mechanism, however, is unclear yet for a surface atom dissolving/depositing from/on an electrode surface under an applied potential. The energy barrier along the reaction path is the key variable. The present work conductes hybrid first-principle/hybrid calculations to study the direct and indirect dissolution/deposition of a Cu atom on perfect/stepped Cu(111) planar electrodes in an electrolyte under different excess charges. Energy profiles present a linear relationship between the energies of the initial/final state and the activation state of different reaction paths under …


Preparation And Electrocatalytic Performance Of Feni-Cop/Nc Bifunctional Catalyst, Si-Miao Liu, Jing-Jiao Zhou, Shi-Jun Ji, Zhong-Sheng Wen 2023 Coellece of Transportation Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning, 361005, China

Preparation And Electrocatalytic Performance Of Feni-Cop/Nc Bifunctional Catalyst, Si-Miao Liu, Jing-Jiao Zhou, Shi-Jun Ji, Zhong-Sheng Wen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Rechargeable zinc-air batteries have gradually attracted much attention worldwide due to their high capacity, high energy density and low price. Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) correspond to the charging and discharging processes in rechargeable zinc-air battery, respectively. At present, commercial Pt/C and IrO2 catalysts hinder the large-scale application of zinc-air batteries due to low reserves, high prices and poor stability. Therefore, exploring high performance, low cost and high stability with dual functional catalysts is important for the development of rechargeable zinc-Air batteries. The metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have high specific surface area, structural stability, good catalytic …


Experimental And Simulation Study Of Reactive Silver Ink Droplet Evaporation, Weipeng Zhang 2023 Western University

Experimental And Simulation Study Of Reactive Silver Ink Droplet Evaporation, Weipeng Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The evaporation of particle-free silver ink droplets on heated substrates directly impacts the morphology of the resultant silver particles and films. In this thesis, COMSOL Multiphysics simulations of the solvent (water-ethylene glycol mixture) droplet evaporation process are used to explain the microflows, mass transfers, and heat distribution responsible for the experimental observations. The reactive ink incorporates fluoro-surfactant FS-31 and poly (acrylamide) (PAM) to suppress the coffee-ring effect that negatively impacts the electrical conductivity. Experiments show that the droplet evaporation process results in varied silver particle morphology, depending on the locations within the droplet, leading to uneven surfaces. Large particles (3 …


Substrate Specificity In Abc Transporters Using The E. Coli Methionine Import System, John H. Guardado 2023 The University of San Francisco

Substrate Specificity In Abc Transporters Using The E. Coli Methionine Import System, John H. Guardado

Featured Student Work

ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters use the energy of ATP to move substrates across membranes against a concentration gradient. The role of ABC transporters is crucial in several essential cellular functions and mutations in ABC transporters in humans have been linked to several conditions, including cystic fibrosis, liver disease, and diabetes. Despite their central roles in homeostasis, the mechanism of ABC transporters remains poorly understood. Our research is focused on studying an ABC importer in E. coli, as a model system, to examine the mechanism of substrate specificity and transport. The bacterial methionine import system consists of a membrane-embedded transporter, MetNI, …


Ab Initio Quantum Scattering Calculations And A New Potential Energy Surface For The Hcl(X¹Σ+)-O2( X 3 Σ G − ) System: Collision-Induced Line Shape Parameters For O2-Perturbed R(0) 0-0 Line In H35cl, Artur Olejnik, Hubert Jóźwiak, Maciej Gancewski, Ernesto Quintas-Sánchez, Richard Dawes, Piotr Wcisło 2023 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Ab Initio Quantum Scattering Calculations And A New Potential Energy Surface For The Hcl(X¹Σ+)-O2( X 3 Σ G − ) System: Collision-Induced Line Shape Parameters For O2-Perturbed R(0) 0-0 Line In H35cl, Artur Olejnik, Hubert Jóźwiak, Maciej Gancewski, Ernesto Quintas-Sánchez, Richard Dawes, Piotr Wcisło

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Remote Sensing of Abundance and Properties of HCl—the Main Atmospheric Reservoir of Cl Atoms that Directly Participate in Ozone Depletion—is Important for Monitoring the Partitioning of Chlorine between "Ozone-Depleting" and "Reservoir" Species. Such Remote Studies Require Knowledge of the Shapes of Molecular Resonances of HCl, Which Are Perturbed by Collisions with the Molecules of the Surrounding Air. in This Work, We Report the First Fully Quantum Calculations of Collisional Perturbations of the Shape of a Pure Rotational Line in H35Cl Perturbed by an Air-Relevant Molecule [As the First Model System We Choose the R(0) Line in HCl Perturbed by …


Asymmetric Electrode-Electrolyte Interfaces For High-Performance Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Jia Chou, Ya-Hui Wang, Wen-Peng Wang, Sen Xin, Yu-Guo Guo 2023 CAS Key Laboratory of Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology, CAS Research/Education Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing 100190, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Asymmetric Electrode-Electrolyte Interfaces For High-Performance Rechargeable Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Jia Chou, Ya-Hui Wang, Wen-Peng Wang, Sen Xin, Yu-Guo Guo

Journal of Electrochemistry

With a high cell-level specific energy and a low cost, lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery has been intensively studied as one of the most promising candidates for competing the next-generation energy storage campaign. Currently, the practical use of Li-S battery is hindered by the rapidly declined storage performance during battery operation, as caused by irreversible loss of electroactive sulfide species at the cathode, dendrite formation at the anode and parasitic reactions at the electrode-electrolyte interface due to unfavorable cathode-anode crosstalk. In this perspective, we propose to stabilize the Li-S electrochemistry, and improve the storage performance of battery by designing asymmetric electrode-electrolyte interfaces …


Three-Dimensional Two-Phase Cfd Simulation Of Alkaline Electrolyzers, Ling-Yu Gao, Lin Yang, Chen-Hui Wang, Gui-Xuan Shan, Xin-Yi Huo, Meng-Fei Zhang, Wei Li, Jin-Li Zhang 2023 School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, P. R. China

Three-Dimensional Two-Phase Cfd Simulation Of Alkaline Electrolyzers, Ling-Yu Gao, Lin Yang, Chen-Hui Wang, Gui-Xuan Shan, Xin-Yi Huo, Meng-Fei Zhang, Wei Li, Jin-Li Zhang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The structural and operation parameters of the electrolyzer play important roles in the efficiency of alkaline water electrolysis. In this article, a three-dimensional numerical model coupled with the electric field and the Euler-Eulerian k-ε turbulence flow field was first established to simulate accurately the performance of alkaline electrolyzers, based on a compact assembly structure of the industrial alkaline water electrolyzers, especially at current densities higher than 5000 A·m–2. The simulation results are compared with the experimental data to verify the accuracy of the model. Suitable operating conditions for concentration, flow rate and the optimal design method of the …


Hydrophobicity Optimization Of Cathode Catalyst Layer For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell, Hao-Jie Chen, Mei-Hua Tang, Sheng-Li Chen 2023 Hubei Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Power Sources, Department of Chemistry, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

Hydrophobicity Optimization Of Cathode Catalyst Layer For Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell, Hao-Jie Chen, Mei-Hua Tang, Sheng-Li Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Hydrophobicity of the cathode catalyst layers (CCLs) crucially determines the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) by affecting the transports of oxygen and liquid water. In this regard, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is usually used as a hydrophobic additive to facilitate the oxygen and water transports in CCLs. So far, there remains lacking systematic effort to optimize the addition methods of PTFE in CCLs and the mechanisms behind. In this work, the effects of the approaches for PTFE addition and the distribution of PTFE on the mass transport of oxygen and the proton conduction in CCLs were studied by using …


Dependence Of Heat Transfer Model On The Structure Of Electrically Coil-Heated Microelectrodes, Ju Li, Sen Yang, Jian-Jun Sun 2023 School of Henan Industry and Trade Vocational College, Zhengzhou, 451191, China;Key Laboratory of Targeting Therapy and Diagnosis for Critical Diseases, Henan Province, Key laboratory of Advanced Drug Preparation Technologies, Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of New Drug Research and Safety Evaluation, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, China

Dependence Of Heat Transfer Model On The Structure Of Electrically Coil-Heated Microelectrodes, Ju Li, Sen Yang, Jian-Jun Sun

Journal of Electrochemistry

Electrically heated microelectrodes have gained much attention in electroanalytical chemistry in recent years. It has been shown that the promotion of mass transport and reaction kinetics at high-temperatures often results in increased current signals. However, there is no study about the heat transfer inner the microelectrodes which is necessary for the design and operation for microsensors. This report introduces a finite element software (COMSOL) to analyze the factors that influence the surface temperature (Ts), which is crucial for the heating ability of micro-disk electrodes with coils. Distances between the electrode surface and the bottom of the heated copper …


Phosphorus And Its Role In Chemical Evolution, Asbel Gonzalez 2023 University of North Florida

Phosphorus And Its Role In Chemical Evolution, Asbel Gonzalez

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

Phosphorus is a minor element with a cosmic abundance of about 105.5 atoms per 1012 H atoms (Boudreaux, n.d.). Phosphorus was depleted as a volatile throughout the developing solar system, and as a result, volatile forms of phosphorus would have been minimal, even in the colder regions of the solar nebula. Despite its low abundance, phosphorus minerals play key roles in planetary petrology, including through the formation of phosphate minerals that trapped volatiles and rare Earth elements, and in the formation of metal phosphides that may have served as nucleation sites for kamacite and taenite crystal growth in minor planet …


Protein Stability In Solution And In The Gas Phase., Yousef Haidar 2023 Western University

Protein Stability In Solution And In The Gas Phase., Yousef Haidar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Electrospray Ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is widely used for probing proteins, yet many aspects of this technique remain elusive. Using MS, ion mobility spectrometry (IMS), and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, this thesis sheds light on the stability differences of proteins in the gas phase and solution. After a general introduction (Chapter 1), Chapter 2 scrutinizes some aspects of native ESI. Our data highlight the significance of cone voltage in maintaining a native-like fold and show the advantage of using NH4Ac in protein experiments. Chapter 3 focuses on hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX)-MS. Several studies have reported that D2O …


Quantifying Temperature-, Pressure-, And Nuclear Quantum Effects On Hydrophobic And Hydrophilic Water-Mediated Interactions, Justin T. Engstler 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Quantifying Temperature-, Pressure-, And Nuclear Quantum Effects On Hydrophobic And Hydrophilic Water-Mediated Interactions, Justin T. Engstler

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Water-mediated interactions (WMIs) are responsible for diverse processes in aqueous solutions, including protein folding and nanoparticle aggregation. WMI may be affected by changes in temperature and pressure, and hence, they can alter chemical/physical processes that occur in aqueous environments. Traditionally, attention has been focused on hydrophobic interactions while, in comparison, the role of hydrophilic and hybrid (hydrophobic–hydrophilic) interactions have been mostly overlooked. Here, we study the role of T and P on the WMI between nanoscale (i) hydrophobic–hydrophobic, (ii) hydrophilic–hydrophilic, and (iii) hydrophilic–hydrophobic pairs of (hydroxylated/non-hydroxylated) graphene-based surfaces. We find that hydrophobic, hydrophilic, and hybrid interactions are all sensitive to …


Synchrotron Study Of Phase Transition And Heterostructures In Metal Oxide Semiconductors, Bingyu Dong 2023 Western University

Synchrotron Study Of Phase Transition And Heterostructures In Metal Oxide Semiconductors, Bingyu Dong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Transition metal oxides, including titanium dioxide (TiO2), zinc oxide (ZnO) and Tin dioxide (SnO2) are widely recognized semiconducting photocatalysts. This project engages in a detailed examination of the phase transition of TiO2 and the synthesis of heterostructured metal oxides using an eco-friendly method of ball-milling. A variety of spectroscopy and microscopy techniques have been used to analyze the products. Synchrotron-based techniques: X-ray Absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES), X-ray Emission Spectroscopy and X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) can demonstrate the local structure and bonding. The finding highlights a phase transition in TiO2 and the formation of …


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Organic Additives For Copper Electroplating Of Interconnects, Yue-Hui Zhai, Yi-Xiao Peng, Yan Hong, Yuan-Ming Chen, Guo-Yun Zhou, Wei He, Peng-Ju Wang, Xian-Ming Chen, Chong Wang 2023 School of Materials and Energy, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, Sichuan, China

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Organic Additives For Copper Electroplating Of Interconnects, Yue-Hui Zhai, Yi-Xiao Peng, Yan Hong, Yuan-Ming Chen, Guo-Yun Zhou, Wei He, Peng-Ju Wang, Xian-Ming Chen, Chong Wang

Journal of Electrochemistry

Copper interconnects are essential to the functionality, performance, power efficiency, reliability, and fabrication yield of electronic devices. They are widely found in chips, packaging substrates and printed circuit boards, and are often produced by copper electroplating in an acidic aqueous solution. Organic additives play a decisive role in regulating copper deposition to fill microgrooves, and micro-vias to form fine lines and interlayer interconnects. Generally, an additive package consists of three components (brightener, suppressor, and leveler), which have a synergistic effect of super-filling on electroplating copper when the concentration ratio is appropriate. Many works of literature have discussed the mechanism of …


Effect Of Amine Additives On Thermal Runaway Inhibition Of Sic||Ncm811 Batteries, Bo-Wen Hou, Long He, Xu-Ning Feng, Wei-Feng Zhang, Li Wang, Xiang-Ming He 2023 State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Effect Of Amine Additives On Thermal Runaway Inhibition Of Sic||Ncm811 Batteries, Bo-Wen Hou, Long He, Xu-Ning Feng, Wei-Feng Zhang, Li Wang, Xiang-Ming He

Journal of Electrochemistry

The high energy density of NCM batteries with high nickel content is a key advantage in replacing fossil fuels and promoting clean energy development, at the same time, is also a fundamental cause of serious safety hazards in batteries. Primary and secondary amines can lead to ring-opening polymerization of common ethylene carbonate electrolytes, resulting in an isolation layer between the cathode and the anode, and improving the thermal safety of the battery. In this work, the safety of batteries is considered both at the material level and at the cell level, based on the chemical reactions between amines and the …


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