Antibiotics For Acute Otitis Media In Children (Review), 2010 Bond University
Antibiotics For Acute Otitis Media In Children (Review), Sharon Sanders, Paul P. Glasziou, Chris Del Mar, Maroeska Rovers
Christopher Del Mar
Background: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common diseases in early infancy and childhood. Antibiotic use for AOM varies from 56% in the Netherlands to 95% in the USA and Australia. Objectives: To assess the effects of antibiotics for children with AOM. Search strategy: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, 2008, issue 2) which contains the Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) Group's Specialized Register; MEDLINE (1966 to June week 4 2008); OLDMEDLINE (1958 to 1965); EMBASE (January 1990 to July 2008); and Current Contents (1966 to July 2008). Selection criteria: Randomised …
Key Data Gaps For Understanding Trends In Prescription Opioid Analgesic Abuse And Diversion Among Chronic Pain Patients And Nonmedical Users, 2010 Portland State University
Key Data Gaps For Understanding Trends In Prescription Opioid Analgesic Abuse And Diversion Among Chronic Pain Patients And Nonmedical Users, Wayne W. Wakeland, John Fitzgerald, Aaron Gilson, J. David Haddox, Jack Homer, Lewis Lee, Louis Macovsky, Dennis Mccarty, Teresa D. Schmidt, Lynn Webster
Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations
Population dynamics of medical and nonmedical prescription opioid usage and adverse outcomes were modeled. Critical parameter values were determined by their amount of influence on model behavior. Results suggest that closing these data gaps would help researchers to better identify ways to reduce the risk of adverse outcomes.
Discovery Of Quinic Acid Derivatives As Oral Anti-Inflammatory Agents, 2010 University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Discovery Of Quinic Acid Derivatives As Oral Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Kui Zeng
Theses and Dissertations (ETD)
Quinic acid (QA) esters found in hot water extracts of Uncaria tomentosa (a.k.a. Cat’s claw) exert anti-inflammatory activity through mechanisms involving inhibition of the pro-inflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Herein, we described the synthesis and biological testing of novel QA derivatives. Inhibition of NF-κB was assessed using A549 (Type II alveolar epithelial-like) cells that stably express a secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) reporter driven by an NF-κB response element. A549- NF-κB cells were stimulated with TNF-α (10 ng/mL) in the presence or absence of QA derivative for 18 hours followed by measurement of SEAP activity. Amide substitution at …
Evidence And Impact Of Expectancies Associated With Psychotropic Medication Reductions In Persons With Mental Retardation, 2010 Olivet Nazarene University
Evidence And Impact Of Expectancies Associated With Psychotropic Medication Reductions In Persons With Mental Retardation, Christopher S. Baglio
This study was an attempt to understand the presence and impact of staff expectancies related to psychotropic medication reductions conducted with persons diagnosed with mental retardation. Within a state operated developmental center in the Midwest, results indicated that direct support staff overwhelmingly expected individuals to get worse following such a reduction. These expectancies significantly impacted data recording practice leading to discrepant elevations reported by staff expecting deterioration. Finally, while written communication about planned psychotropic medication reductions did not appear to elevate data recording as was hypothesized, reductions were associated with increases in both behaviors and psychiatric symptoms. This study has …
Intravenous Artesunate For Severe Malaria, 2010 Western University of Health Sciences
Intravenous Artesunate For Severe Malaria, Karl M. Hess, Jeffery A. Goad, Paul M. Arguin
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacodynamics and pharmacotherapeutic use of intravenous artesunate for the treatment of severe malaria.
DATA SOURCES: Literature was retrieved through PubMed (1999 March 2010), MEDLINE (1996 March 2010), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), using the search terms artemisinin, artesunate, malaria, and severe malaria. In addition, reference citations from publications identified were reviewed.
STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: All articles in English that were identified from the data sources were reviewed. Focus was placed on post-marketing trials examining the safety and efficacy of artesunate in comparison with other regimens.
DATA SYNTHESIS …