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Cytokine-Targeted Therapeutics For Kshv-Associated Disease, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy 2020 Chapman University

Cytokine-Targeted Therapeutics For Kshv-Associated Disease, Nedaa Alomari, Jennifer Totonchy

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) also known as human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), is linked to several human malignancies including Kaposi sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), multicentric Castleman’s disease (MCD) and recently KSHV inflammatory cytokine syndrome (KICS). As with other diseases that have a significant inflammatory component, current therapy for KSHV-associated disease is associated with significant off-target effects. However, recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of KSHV have produced new insight into the use of cytokines as potential therapeutic targets. Better understanding of the role of cytokines during KSHV infection and tumorigenesis may lead to new preventive ...


Seroprevalence Of Sars-Cov-2-Specific Igg Antibodies Among Adults Living In Connecticut: Post-Infection Prevalence (Pip) Study [Preprint], Shiwani Mahajan, Lokinendi V. Rao, Harlan M. Krumholz 2020 Yale University

Seroprevalence Of Sars-Cov-2-Specific Igg Antibodies Among Adults Living In Connecticut: Post-Infection Prevalence (Pip) Study [Preprint], Shiwani Mahajan, Lokinendi V. Rao, Harlan M. Krumholz

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Background: A seroprevalence study can estimate the percentage of people with SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the general population, however, most existing reports have used a convenience sample, which may bias their estimates.

Methods: We sought a representative sample of Connecticut residents, aged ≥18 years and residing in non-congregate settings, who completed a survey between June 4 and June 23, 2020 and underwent serology testing for SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG antibodies between June 10 and July 29, 2020. We also oversampled non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic subpopulations. We estimated the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG antibodies and the prevalence of symptomatic illness and self-reported adherence to ...


Astrocyte- And Neuron-Derived Cxcl1 Drives Neutrophil Transmigration And Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability In Viral Encephalitis, Benedict D. Michael, Laura Bricio-Moreno, Elizabeth W. Sorensen, Yoshishige Miyabe, Jeffrey Lian, Tom Solomon, Evelyn A. Kurt-Jones, Andrew D. Luster 2020 Harvard Medical School

Astrocyte- And Neuron-Derived Cxcl1 Drives Neutrophil Transmigration And Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability In Viral Encephalitis, Benedict D. Michael, Laura Bricio-Moreno, Elizabeth W. Sorensen, Yoshishige Miyabe, Jeffrey Lian, Tom Solomon, Evelyn A. Kurt-Jones, Andrew D. Luster

Open Access Articles

Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 encephalitis has significant morbidity partly because of an over-exuberant immune response characterized by leukocyte infiltration into the brain and increased blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. Determining the role of specific leukocyte subsets and the factors that mediate their recruitment into the brain is critical to developing targeted immune therapies. In a murine model, we find that the chemokines CXCL1 and CCL2 are induced in the brain following HSV-1 infection. Ccr2 (CCL2 receptor)-deficient mice have reduced monocyte recruitment, uncontrolled viral replication, and increased morbidity. Contrastingly, Cxcr2 (CXCL1 receptor)-deficient mice exhibit markedly reduced neutrophil recruitment, BBB ...


Antibody Responses In Covid-19 Patients, Shuying Liu, Shan Lu 2020 SL Consulting

Antibody Responses In Covid-19 Patients, Shuying Liu, Shan Lu

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Measuring virus-specific antibody responses to emerging pathogens is a well-established and highly useful tool to diagnose such infections, understand interactions between the immune system and pathogens, and provide potential clues for the development of vaccines or therapeutic agents against such pathogens. Since the beginning of 2020, the discovery of SARS-CoV-2 as the emerging virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic has provided new insight into the complexity of antibody responses to this dangerous virus. The current review aims to sort out diverse and sometimes seemingly confusing findings to put together a cohesive understanding on the profile of antibody responses elicited in ...


Large Domains Of Heterochromatin Direct The Formation Of Short Mitotic Chromosome Loops, Maximilian H. Fitz-James, Pin Tong, Alison L. Pidoux, Hakan Ozadam, Liyan Yang, Sharon A. White, Job Dekker, Robin C. Allshire 2020 University of Edinburgh

Large Domains Of Heterochromatin Direct The Formation Of Short Mitotic Chromosome Loops, Maximilian H. Fitz-James, Pin Tong, Alison L. Pidoux, Hakan Ozadam, Liyan Yang, Sharon A. White, Job Dekker, Robin C. Allshire

Open Access Articles

During mitosis chromosomes reorganise into highly compact, rod-shaped forms, thought to consist of consecutive chromatin loops around a central protein scaffold. Condensin complexes are involved in chromatin compaction, but the contribution of other chromatin proteins, DNA sequence and histone modifications is less understood. A large region of fission yeast DNA inserted into a mouse chromosome was previously observed to adopt a mitotic organisation distinct from that of surrounding mouse DNA. Here, we show that a similar distinct structure is common to a large subset of insertion events in both mouse and human cells and is coincident with the presence of ...


Osteoblast-Osteoclast Communication And Bone Homeostasis, Jung-Min Kim, Chujiao Lin, Zheni Stavre, Matthew B. Greenblatt, Jae-Hyuck Shim 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Osteoblast-Osteoclast Communication And Bone Homeostasis, Jung-Min Kim, Chujiao Lin, Zheni Stavre, Matthew B. Greenblatt, Jae-Hyuck Shim

Open Access Articles

Bone remodeling is tightly regulated by a cross-talk between bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. Osteoblasts and osteoclasts communicate with each other to regulate cellular behavior, survival and differentiation through direct cell-to-cell contact or through secretory proteins. A direct interaction between osteoblasts and osteoclasts allows bidirectional transduction of activation signals through EFNB2-EPHB4, FASL-FAS or SEMA3A-NRP1, regulating differentiation and survival of osteoblasts or osteoclasts. Alternatively, osteoblasts produce a range of different secretory molecules, including M-CSF, RANKL/OPG, WNT5A, and WNT16, that promote or suppress osteoclast differentiation and development. Osteoclasts also influence osteoblast formation and differentiation through secretion of soluble factors, including S1P ...


Ino80c Remodeler Maintains Genomic Stability By Preventing Promiscuous Transcription At Replication Origins, Salih Topal, Christopher Van, Yong Xue, Michael F. Carey, Craig L. Peterson 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ino80c Remodeler Maintains Genomic Stability By Preventing Promiscuous Transcription At Replication Origins, Salih Topal, Christopher Van, Yong Xue, Michael F. Carey, Craig L. Peterson

Open Access Articles

The proper coordination of transcription with DNA replication and repair is central for genomic stability. We investigate how the INO80C chromatin remodeling enzyme might coordinate these genomic processes. We find that INO80C co-localizes with the origin recognition complex (ORC) at yeast replication origins and is bound to replication initiation sites in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs). In yeast, INO80C recruitment requires origin sequences but does not require ORC, suggesting that recruitment is independent of pre-replication complex assembly. In both yeast and ESCs, INO80C co-localizes at origins with Mot1 and NC2 transcription factors, and genetic studies suggest that they function together ...


Click-Free Synthesis Of A Multivalent Tricyclic Peptide As A Molecular Transporter, Sumit Kumar, Dindyal Mandal, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang 2020 Chapman University

Click-Free Synthesis Of A Multivalent Tricyclic Peptide As A Molecular Transporter, Sumit Kumar, Dindyal Mandal, Shaima Ahmed El-Mowafi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The cellular delivery of cell-impermeable and water-insoluble molecules remains an ongoing challenge to overcome. Previously, we reported amphipathic cyclic peptides c[WR]4 and c[WR]5 consisting of alternate arginine and tryptophan residues as nuclear-targeting molecular transporters. These peptides contain an optimal balance of positive charge and hydrophobicity, which is required for interactions with the phospholipid bilayer to facilitate their application as a drug delivery system. To further optimize them, we synthesized and evaluated a multivalent tricyclic peptide as an efficient molecular transporter. The monomeric cyclic peptide building blocks were synthesized using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase chemistry and cyclization in ...


Effect Of High Glucose On Ocular Surface Epithelial Cell Barrier And Tight Junction Proteins, Saleh M. Alfuraih, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Miao Zhang, Ajay Sharma 2020 Chapman University

Effect Of High Glucose On Ocular Surface Epithelial Cell Barrier And Tight Junction Proteins, Saleh M. Alfuraih, Ashley Barbarino, Christopher Ross, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Miao Zhang, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

PURPOSE. Patients with diabetes mellitus are reported to have ocular surface defects, impaired ocular surface barrier function, and a higher incidence of corneal and conjunctival infections. Tight junctions are critical for ocular surface barrier function. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of high glucose exposure on human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cell barrier function and tight junction proteins.

METHODS. Human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells were exposed to 15 mM and 30 mM glucose for 24 and 72 hours. The barrier function was measured using transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER). The cell migration was quantified using scratch assay ...


The Bromodomains Of The Mammalian Swi/Snf (Mswi/Snf) Atpases Brahma (Brm) And Brahma Related Gene 1 (Brg1) Promote Chromatin Interaction And Are Critical For Skeletal Muscle Differentiation [Preprint], Anthony N. Imbalzano, Hanna Witwicka, Tapan Sharma 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Bromodomains Of The Mammalian Swi/Snf (Mswi/Snf) Atpases Brahma (Brm) And Brahma Related Gene 1 (Brg1) Promote Chromatin Interaction And Are Critical For Skeletal Muscle Differentiation [Preprint], Anthony N. Imbalzano, Hanna Witwicka, Tapan Sharma

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Skeletal muscle differentiation induces changes in the epigenome of myoblasts as they proceed towards a myogenic phenotype. mSWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes coordinate with lineage-determining transcription factors and are key regulators of differentiation. Three mSWI/SNF proteins, the mutually exclusive ATPases, BRG1 and BRM, and the BAF180 protein (Polybromo1, PBRM1) contain bromodomains belonging to the same structural subfamily. Bromodomains bind to acetylated lysines on histone N-terminal tails and on other proteins. Pharmacological inhibition of mSWI/SNF bromodomain function using the selective inhibitor PFI-3 reduced differentiation, decreased expression of myogenic genes, and increased the expression of cell cycle-related genes and the ...


Znf410 Represses Fetal Globin By Devoted Control Of Chd4/Nurd [Preprint], Divya S. Vinjamur, Qiuming Yao, Mitchel A. Cole, Connor McGuckin, Chunyan Ren, Jing Zeng, Mir Hossain, Kevin Luk, Scot A. Wolfe, Luca Pinello, Daniel E. Bauer 2020 Harvard Medical School

Znf410 Represses Fetal Globin By Devoted Control Of Chd4/Nurd [Preprint], Divya S. Vinjamur, Qiuming Yao, Mitchel A. Cole, Connor Mcguckin, Chunyan Ren, Jing Zeng, Mir Hossain, Kevin Luk, Scot A. Wolfe, Luca Pinello, Daniel E. Bauer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Major effectors of adult-stage fetal globin silencing include the transcription factors (TFs) BCL11A and ZBTB7A/LRF and the NuRD chromatin complex, although each has potential on-target liabilities for rational β-hemoglobinopathy therapeutic inhibition. Here through CRISPR screening we discover ZNF410 to be a novel fetal hemoglobin (HbF) repressing TF. ZNF410 does not bind directly to the γ-globin genes but rather its chromatin occupancy is solely concentrated at CHD4, encoding the NuRD nucleosome remodeler, itself required for HbF repression. CHD4 has two ZNF410-bound regulatory elements with 27 combined ZNF410 binding motifs constituting unparalleled genomic clusters. These elements completely account for ...


Ribosome Inhibition By C9orf72-Als/Ftd-Associated Poly-Pr And Poly-Gr Proteins Revealed By Cryo-Em [Preprint], Anna B. Loveland, Egor Svidritskiy, Denis Susorov, Soojin Lee, Alexander Park, Gabriel Demo, Fen-Biao Gao, Andrei A. Korostelev 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ribosome Inhibition By C9orf72-Als/Ftd-Associated Poly-Pr And Poly-Gr Proteins Revealed By Cryo-Em [Preprint], Anna B. Loveland, Egor Svidritskiy, Denis Susorov, Soojin Lee, Alexander Park, Gabriel Demo, Fen-Biao Gao, Andrei A. Korostelev

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Toxic dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins are produced from expanded G4C2 hexanucleotide repeats in the C9ORF72 gene, which cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Two DPR proteins, poly-PR and poly-GR, repress cellular translation but the molecular mechanism remains unknown. Here we show that poly-PR and poly-GR of ≥ 20 repeats inhibit the ribosome’s peptidyl-transferase activity at nanomolar concentrations, comparable to specific translation inhibitors. High-resolution cryo-EM structures reveal that poly-PR and poly-GR block the polypeptide tunnel of the ribosome, extending into the peptidyl-transferase center. Consistent with these findings, the macrolide erythromycin, which binds in the tunnel ...


Nano-Vesicle (Mis)Communication In Senescence-Related Pathologies, Sherin Saheera, Ajay Godwin Potnuri, Prasanna Krishnamurthy 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Nano-Vesicle (Mis)Communication In Senescence-Related Pathologies, Sherin Saheera, Ajay Godwin Potnuri, Prasanna Krishnamurthy

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Extracellular vesicles are a heterogeneous group of cell-derived membranous structures comprising of exosomes, apoptotic bodies, and microvesicles. Of the extracellular vesicles, exosomes are the most widely sorted and extensively explored for their contents and function. The size of the nanovesicular structures (exosomes) range from 30 to 140 nm and are present in various biological fluids such as saliva, plasma, urine etc. These cargo-laden extracellular vesicles arise from endosome-derived multivesicular bodies and are known to carry proteins and nucleic acids. Exosomes are involved in multiple physiological and pathological processes, including cellular senescence. Exosomes mediate signaling crosstalk and play a critical role ...


Cyclic Peptide-Gadolinium Nanoparticles For Enhanced Intracellular Delivery, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Shang Eun Park, Shirin Rad, Luiza Baloyan, Dindyal Mandal, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Ryley Hall, Sandeep Lohan, Khalid Zoghebi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari 2020 Marshall B. Ketchum University

Cyclic Peptide-Gadolinium Nanoparticles For Enhanced Intracellular Delivery, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Shang Eun Park, Shirin Rad, Luiza Baloyan, Dindyal Mandal, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Ryley Hall, Sandeep Lohan, Khalid Zoghebi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A cyclic peptide containing one cysteine and five alternating tryptophan and arginine amino acids [(WR)5C] was synthesized using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase methodology. The ability of the synthesized cyclic peptide to produce gadolinium nanoparticles through an in situ one-pot mixing of an aqueous solution of GdCl3 with [(WR)5C] peptide solution was evaluated. Transmission electron microscopy showed the formed peptide-Gd nanoparticles in star-shape morphology with a size of ~250 nm. Flow cytometry investigation showed that the cellular uptake of a cell-impermeable fluorescence-labeled phosphopeptide (F′-GpYEEI, where F′ = fluorescein) was approximately six times higher in the presence of ...


Broad Host Range Of Sars-Cov-2 Predicted By Comparative And Structural Analysis Of Ace2 In Vertebrates, Joana Damas, Elinor K. Karlsson, Harris A. Lewin 2020 University of California, Davis

Broad Host Range Of Sars-Cov-2 Predicted By Comparative And Structural Analysis Of Ace2 In Vertebrates, Joana Damas, Elinor K. Karlsson, Harris A. Lewin

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

The novel coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of COVID-19. The main receptor of SARS-CoV-2, angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), is now undergoing extensive scrutiny to understand the routes of transmission and sensitivity in different species. Here, we utilized a unique dataset of ACE2 sequences from 410 vertebrate species, including 252 mammals, to study the conservation of ACE2 and its potential to be used as a receptor by SARS-CoV-2. We designed a five-category binding score based on the conservation properties of 25 amino acids important for the binding between ACE2 and the SARS-CoV-2 spike ...


A Cross-Reactive Human Iga Monoclonal Antibody Blocks Sars-Cov-2 Spike-Ace2 Interaction, Ejemel Monir, Qi Li, Shurong Hou, Zachary Schiller, Aaron Wallace, Alla Amcheslavsky, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Jacqueline R. Toomey, Ryan Schneider, Anudeep S. Ramchetty, Chandrashekar Ganesa, Lisa Cavacini, Mark S. Klempner, Celia A. Schiffer, Yan Wang 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Cross-Reactive Human Iga Monoclonal Antibody Blocks Sars-Cov-2 Spike-Ace2 Interaction, Ejemel Monir, Qi Li, Shurong Hou, Zachary Schiller, Aaron Wallace, Alla Amcheslavsky, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Jacqueline R. Toomey, Ryan Schneider, Anudeep S. Ramchetty, Chandrashekar Ganesa, Lisa Cavacini, Mark S. Klempner, Celia A. Schiffer, Yan Wang

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic requiring the development of interventions for the prevention or treatment to curtail mortality and morbidity. No vaccine to boost mucosal immunity, or as a therapeutic, has yet been developed to SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we discover and characterize a cross-reactive human IgA monoclonal antibody, MAb362. MAb362 binds to both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and competitively blocks ACE2 receptor binding, by overlapping the ACE2 structural binding epitope. Furthermore, MAb362 IgA neutralizes both pseudotyped SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 in 293 cells expressing ACE2. When converted to secretory IgA, MAb326 also neutralizes authentic SARS-CoV-2 ...


Host Immunity Increases Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Reliance On Cytochrome Bd Oxidase [Preprint], Yi Cai, Eleni Jaecklein, Jared Mackenzie, Kadamba Papavinasasundaram, Michigan State University, Xinchun Chen, Africa Health Research Institute, Christopher M. Sassetti 2020 Shenzhen University

Host Immunity Increases Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Reliance On Cytochrome Bd Oxidase [Preprint], Yi Cai, Eleni Jaecklein, Jared Mackenzie, Kadamba Papavinasasundaram, Michigan State University, Xinchun Chen, Africa Health Research Institute, Christopher M. Sassetti

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

In order to sustain a persistent infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) must adapt to a changing environment that is shaped by the developing immune response. This necessity to adapt is evident in the flexibility of many aspects of Mtb metabolism, including a respiratory chain that consists of two distinct terminal cytochrome oxidase complexes. Under the conditions tested thus far, the bc1/aa3 complex appears to play a dominant role, while the alternative bd oxidase is largely redundant. However, presence of two terminal oxidases in this obligate pathogen implies that respiratory requirements might change during infection. We report that the ...


Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, Joyce H. Li, Subir Ray, Alper Kucukural, Gerard Gradwohl, Andrew B. Leiter 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Reduced Neurog3 Gene Dosage Shifts Enteroendocrine Progenitor Toward Goblet Cell Lineage In The Mouse Intestine, Joyce H. Li, Subir Ray, Alper Kucukural, Gerard Gradwohl, Andrew B. Leiter

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND and AIMS: Transient expression of Neurog3 commits intestinal secretory progenitors to become enteroendocrine-biased progenitors and hence drive enteroendocrine differentiation. Loss of Neurog3 in mouse resulted in the depletion of intestinal enteroendocrine cells (EECs) and an increase in goblet cells. Earlier studies in developing mouse pancreas showed Neurog3 gene dosage in endocrine and exocrine cell fate allocation. We aimed to determine whether Neurog3 gene dosage controls fate choice of enteroendocrine progenitors.

METHODS: We acquired mutant Neurog3 reporter mice carrying 2, 1, or null Neurog3 alleles to study Neurog3 gene dosage effect by lineage tracing. Cell types arising from Neurog3+ progenitors ...


Cancer-Targeting Immunostimulatory Peptides As An Immunotherapeutic Approach To Cancer, Rachel Montel 2020 Seton Hall University

Cancer-Targeting Immunostimulatory Peptides As An Immunotherapeutic Approach To Cancer, Rachel Montel

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This dissertation reports the synthesis and biological applications of bifunctional trimeric peptides with B7H6-derived NKp30 binding motifs that serve to activate an immunocytotoxic response in natural killer cells and a GRP78-binding motif that can target tumors that express surface GRP78. In this manner the cancer-targeting immunostimulatory peptides are anticipated to directly bind and activate effector NK92-MI cells while also recognizing and binding to target A549 tumor cells to facilitate NK cell-dependent immunocytotoxicity of the targeted tumors. The NKp30 binding peptide motifs are derived from the tumor associated B7H6 antigen that is often downregulated or shed from the surface of tumors ...


Termi-Luc: A Versatile Assay To Monitor Full-Protein Release From Ribosomes, Denis Susorov, Shawn B. Egri, Andrei A. Korostelev 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Termi-Luc: A Versatile Assay To Monitor Full-Protein Release From Ribosomes, Denis Susorov, Shawn B. Egri, Andrei A. Korostelev

Open Access Articles

Termination of protein biosynthesis is an essential step of gene expression, during which a complete functional protein is released from the ribosome. Premature or inefficient termination results in truncated, non-functional or toxic proteins that may cause disease. Indeed, more than 10% of human genetic diseases are caused by nonsense mutations leading to premature termination. Efficient and sensitive approaches are required to study eukaryotic termination mechanisms and to identify potential therapeutics that modulate termination. Canonical radioactivity-based termination assays are complex, report on a short peptide release, and are incompatible with high-throughput screening. Here we describe a robust and simple in vitro ...


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