Synthetic Approaches Towards Novel Isoform Selective Pi3k Inhibitors And Their Biological Activities Against Prostate Cancer Cells, Idris Wazeerud-Din
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University
The development of novel imidazopyridines, which includes both tetrahydroimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (rIMP) and imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (IMP) was investigated using conventional and microwave induced procedures that afforded compounds at high yield of 88-96%. rIMP was synthesized using a two-step procedure that involved the microwave synthesis of IMP, then the reduction of the pyridine moiety of the fused imidazopyridine rings using 10% Pd/C and hydrazine monohydrate. The microwave synthesis of imidazopyridines involved the one pot reaction of 2-benzoylpyridine, substituted benzaldehyde and ammonium formate in acetic acid under open vessel microwave conditions, which resulted in products within 40 minutes ...
Deconvolution Of Subcellular Protrusion Heterogeneity And The Underlying Actin Regulator Dynamics From Live Cell Imaging, 2018 Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Deconvolution Of Subcellular Protrusion Heterogeneity And The Underlying Actin Regulator Dynamics From Live Cell Imaging, Chuangqi Wang, Hee June Choi, Sung-Jin Kim, Aesha Desai, Namgyu Lee, Dohoon Kim, Yongho Bae, Kwonmoo Lee
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Cell protrusion is morphodynamically heterogeneous at the subcellular level. However, the mechanistic understanding of protrusion activities is usually based on the ensemble average of actin regulator dynamics at the cellular or population levels. Here, we establish a machine learning-based computational framework called HACKS (deconvolution of Heterogeneous Activity Coordination in cytosKeleton at a Subcellular level) to deconvolve the subcellular heterogeneity of lamellipodial protrusion in migrating cells. HACKS quantitatively identifies distinct subcellular protrusion phenotypes from highly heterogeneous protrusion activities and reveals their underlying actin regulator dynamics at the leading edge. Furthermore, it can identify specific subcellular protrusion phenotypes susceptible to pharmacological perturbation ...
C. Elegans Multidrug Resistance Protein 5 (Mrp-5) Transports Vitamin B12 From The Intestine To The Gonad To Support Embryonic Development, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
C. Elegans Multidrug Resistance Protein 5 (Mrp-5) Transports Vitamin B12 From The Intestine To The Gonad To Support Embryonic Development, Huimin Na, Olga Ponomarova, Gabrielle E. Giese, Albertha J. M. Walhout
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Vitamin B12 functions as a cofactor for methionine synthase to produce the anabolic methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase to catabolize the short chain fatty acid propionate. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, maternally supplied vitamin B12 is required for the development of her offspring. However, the mechanism for exporting vitamin B12 from the mother to her offspring is not yet known. Here, we use RNAi of more than 200 transporters with a vitamin B12-sensor transgene to identify the ABC transporter MRP-5 as a candidate vitamin B12 exporter. We show that injection of vitamin B12 into the gonad of ...
Sodium Channel Nav1.3 Is Important For Enterochromaffin Cell Excitability And Serotonin Release, Peter R. Strege, Kaitlyn Knutson, Samuel J. Eggers, Joyce H. Li, Fan Wang, David Linden, Joseph H. Szurszewski, Lorin Milescu, Andrew B. Leiter, Gianrico Farrugia, Arthur Beyder
Open Access Articles
In the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium, enterochromaffin (EC) cells are enteroendocrine cells responsible for producing > 90% of the body's serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT). However, the molecular mechanisms of EC cell function are poorly understood. Here, we found that EC cells in mouse primary cultures fired spontaneous bursts of action potentials. We examined the repertoire of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV) in fluorescence-sorted mouse EC cells and found that Scn3a was highly expressed. Scn3a-encoded NaV1.3 was specifically and densely expressed at the basal side of both human and mouse EC cells. Using electrophysiology, we found that EC cells expressed robust NaV1.3 ...
Synthesis Of Hydroxybenzylidene-Indolinones, Schiff Bases And N-Substituted Analogs And Their Effects On Bacterial Physiology., 2017 Universidad de Los Andes - Colombia
Synthesis Of Hydroxybenzylidene-Indolinones, Schiff Bases And N-Substituted Analogs And Their Effects On Bacterial Physiology., Catherine Eliana Cabrera, Neetu Dayal, Moloud Aflaki, Herman Sintim
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
c-di-AMP is a global stress response regulator involved in some processes of biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance. It has become a candidate target for the development of new antibacterial treatments. Previous studies have shown that hydroxybenzylidene-indolinones can act as c-di-AMP synthase inhibitors. They also act as antibacterial and anti-biofilm inhibitors and re-sensitize resistant bacteria to methicillin and vancomycin. In this project, potent analogs of these compounds, including Schiff bases and N-substituted compounds, have been synthetized. The objective of this work is to explore the effect of these modifications on their biological activity. Base-catalyzed condensation and acid-catalyzed reactions were performed in ...
Discovery Of Pyrimidine-Based Heterocycles As Single Agents With Combination Chemotherapy Potential And As Inhibitors Of Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis For The Treatment Of Cancer, 2017 Duquesne University
Discovery Of Pyrimidine-Based Heterocycles As Single Agents With Combination Chemotherapy Potential And As Inhibitors Of Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis For The Treatment Of Cancer, Rishabh Mohan
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation describes the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of monocyclic and bicyclic pyrimidine-base heterocycles as single agents with combination chemotherapy potential having both antiangiogenic effects and cytotoxic effects. This dissertation also describes selective tumor targeting with 5-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines analogs with heteroatom bridge substitution as GARFTase inhibitors.
The work in this dissertation is centered on identifying structural features that are necessary for inhibition of tubulin polymerization as well as for inhibition of one or more of the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs)- vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2), platelet derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFRβ) and epidermal growth ...
Synthesis Of Oxadeazoles With Electron Withdrawing Groups And The Analysis Of Product Yield With Bond Length, 2017 Otterbein University
Synthesis Of Oxadeazoles With Electron Withdrawing Groups And The Analysis Of Product Yield With Bond Length, Elizabeth Ann Hall Peters
Honors Thesis Projects
2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazoles are a class of organic compound that are widely used and successful in pharmaceutical chemistry because they demonstrate strong biological activity. They are part of a larger class of compound called heterocycles, which make up most pharmaceutical drugs today. When synthesizing the compounds, higher yield means higher reactivity of the compound, and this is important for pharmaceuticals that need to have a strong biological activity. Per past studies, electron withdrawing groups on the compound allow higher, product yields. Along with electron withdrawing group addition, the bond length from electron withdrawing group and its corresponding carbon ...
Synthesis Of Aza-Tetracyclic Indolines For The Treatment Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, 2017 University of Colorado, Boulder
Synthesis Of Aza-Tetracyclic Indolines For The Treatment Of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus, Kevin Xie
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Antibiotic resistance is a major threat to public health. Currently new multi-drug resistant bacterial strains are appearing faster than new antibiotics can enter the clinic. Resistance modifying agents can potentially potentiate whole families of antibiotics and are one way to combat antibiotic resistance. Previously, our lab synthesized a library of polycyclic indolines which were found to potentiate β-lactams in MRSA in vitro but were poor candidates for in vivo testing due to their physical properties. To improve their physical properties, we synthesized a small library of aza-tetracyclic indolines. The nitrogen was functionalized with various functional groups to determine which modifications ...
Pioneering A Novel Class Of Tetrahydroimidazopyridines With Anti-Proliferative Property Study Against Prostate Cancer, 2016 Clark Atlanta University
Pioneering A Novel Class Of Tetrahydroimidazopyridines With Anti-Proliferative Property Study Against Prostate Cancer, Napoleon D'Cunha
Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University
The synthesis of tetrahydroimidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (rIMP) through the transfer hydrogenation of imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine (IMP) was successfully developed. The simple two-step procedure is the most viable and efficient method that results in a unique conjugated system with pyridine at the 1-position and functionalized phenyl group at the 3-position.
In the synthesis of imidazo[1,5-a]pyridine, the reaction between di-2-pyridil ketone, substituted benzaldehyde and ammonium acetate in acetic acid under N2 was highly successful, resulting in yields ranging from 35-95%. Highest yields were obtained for compounds that had electron withdrawing group on them.
The transfer hydrogenation ...
Piperlongumine (Piplartine) And Analogues: Antiproliferative Microtubule-Destabilising Agents, 2016 Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Piperlongumine (Piplartine) And Analogues: Antiproliferative Microtubule-Destabilising Agents, Mary J. Meegan, Seema M. Nathwani, Brendan Twamley, Daniela M. Zisterer, Niamh O'Boyle
Piperlongumine (piplartine, 1) is a small molecule alkaloid that is receiving intense interest due to its antiproliferative and anticancer activities. We investigated the effects of 1 on tubulin and microtubules. Using both an isolated tubulin assay, and a combination of sedimentation and Western blotting, we demonstrated that 1 is a tubulin-destabilising agent. This result was confirmed by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, which showed that microtubules in MCF-7 breast cancer cells were depolymerised when treated with 1. We synthesised a number of analogues of 1 to explore structure-activity relationships. Compound 13 had the best cytotoxic profile of this series, showing potent ...
Synthesis And Biochemical Evaluation Of 3-Phenoxy-1,4-Diarylazetidin-2-Ones As Tubulin-Targeting Antitumor Agents, 2016 Trinity College Dublin
Synthesis And Biochemical Evaluation Of 3-Phenoxy-1,4-Diarylazetidin-2-Ones As Tubulin-Targeting Antitumor Agents, Thomas F. Greene, Shu Wang, Lisa M. Greene, Seema M. Nathwani, Jade K. Pollock, Azizah M. Malebari, Thomas Mccabe, Brendan Twamley, Niamh O'Boyle, Daniela M. Zisterer, Mary J. Meegan
Structure-activity relationships for a series of 3-phenoxy-1,4-diarylazetidin-2-ones were investigated leading to the discovery of a number of potent antiproliferative compounds, including trans-4-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-3-phenoxy-1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)azetidin-2-one (78b) and trans-4-(3-amino-4-methoxyphenyl)-3-phenoxy-1-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)azetidin-2-one (90b). X-ray crystallography studies indicate the potential importance of the torsional angle between the 1-phenyl ‘A’ ring and 4-phenyl ‘B’ ring for potent antiproliferative activity, and that a trans configuration between the 3-phenoxy and 4-phenyl rings is generally optimal. These compounds displayed IC50 values of 38 nM and 19 nM respectively in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, inhibited the polymerization ...
Synthesis Of Medicinally Relevant Thiazolyl Aryl Ketones Under Mild Conditions, Danielle M. Gardner
Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses
Purpose: The growing amount of clinical resistance observed in current antifungal drugs and in anti-HIV pharmaceuticals is a concern in the medical community. The purpose of this study is to develop a mild synthetic process for biomedically relevant thiazolyl aryl ketones that can be used to develop antifungal and anti-HIV drugs. We hypothesized that the proposed synthetic technique would be more efficient, produce fewer unwanted byproducts, and be more tolerant of functional groups than existing methods.
Methods: Prior to each of the ketone reactions, the necessary salt was synthesized by mixing thiazole and 9-bromofluorene neat in a reaction tube heated ...
Discovery Of Small Molecule Fcγriia Antagonists, 2015 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Discovery Of Small Molecule Fcγriia Antagonists, Michael Thai Trung King
Antibodies are Y-shaped proteins that are secreted by B-cells that makes up part of the defence mechanism in the adaptive immune system. Upon infection via invading bacteria and viruses, specific antibodies are produced to target the pathogens. An antibody pathogen complex is formed and this complex interacts with its antibody receptor to be phagocytised or opsonized and is then removed from the body. IgG is one of five classes of antibodies and is the most abundant antibody found in circulation that represents over 75% of serum antibodies in the body. The IgG antibody complex can interact with cells expressing its ...
Design And Synthesis Of Novel Nucleoside Analogues: Oxidative And Reductive Approaches Toward Synthesis Of 2'-Fluoro Pyrimidine Nucleosides, 2015 Florida International University
Design And Synthesis Of Novel Nucleoside Analogues: Oxidative And Reductive Approaches Toward Synthesis Of 2'-Fluoro Pyrimidine Nucleosides, Ramanjaneyulu Rayala
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Fluorinated nucleosides, especially the analogues with fluorine atom(s) in the ribose ring, have been known to exert potent biological activities. The first part of this dissertation was aimed at developing oxidative desulfurization-fluorination and reductive desulfonylation-fluorination methodologies toward the synthesis of 2'-mono and/or 2',2'-difluoro pyrimidine nucleosides from the corresponding 2'-arylthiopyrimidine precursors. Novel oxidative desulfurization-difluorination methodology was developed for the synthesis of α,α-difluorinted esters from the corresponding α-arylthio esters, wherein the arylthio group is present on a secondary internal carbon. For the reductive desulfonylation studies, cyclic voltammetry was utilized to measure the reduction potentials at ...
Synthesis And Characterization Of Platinum (Ii) Complexes With Thiophene-Based Ligands, Julienne Aldeano Sarabia
Senior Projects Spring 2015
Multi-dentate thiophene-derived imine ligands, with a cyclohexyl backbone containing a variety of stereocenters, were synthesized and then subsequently reacted with the binuclear platinum compound, [Pt2Me4(µ-SMe2)2], to afford cyclometalated platinum(II) species with C^N^N pincer-type ligands. The complexes were characterized by NMR, IR, UV/vis, and emission spectroscopy. The complexes’ reactions with methyl iodide were explored to determine the stereospecificity of the oxidative addition reaction to form platinum(IV) species.
Target-Directed Biosynthetic Evolution: Redirecting Plant Evolution To Genomically Optimize A Plant’S Pharmacological Profile, Dustin Paul Brown
Theses and Dissertations--Neuroscience
The dissertation describes a novel method for plant drug discovery based on mutation and selection of plant cells. Despite the industry focus on chemical synthesis, plants remain a source of potent and complex bioactive metabolites. Many of these have evolved as defensive compounds targeted on key proteins in the CNS of herbivorous insects, for example the insect dopamine transporter (DAT). Because of homology with the human DAT protein some of these metabolites have high abuse potential, but others may be valuable in treating drug dependence. This dissertation redirects the evolution of a native Lobelia species toward metabolites with greater activity ...
Chemoenzymatic Studies To Enhance The Chemical Space Of Natural Products, 2015 University of Kentucky
Chemoenzymatic Studies To Enhance The Chemical Space Of Natural Products, Jhong-Min Chen
Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy
Natural products provide some of the most potent anticancer agents and offer a template for new drug design or improvement with the advantage of an enormous chemical space. The overall goal of this thesis research is to enhance the chemical space of two natural products in order to generate novel drugs with better in vivo bioactivities than the original natural products.
Polycarcin V (PV) is a gilvocarcin-type antitumor agent with similar structure and comparable bioactivity with the principle compound of this group, gilvocarcin V (GV). Modest modifications of the polyketide-derived tetracyclic core of GV had been accomplished, but the most ...
Synthesis And Characterization Of Imidazolium Salt Derivatives For Anti-Tumor Activity, 2015 University of Akron Main Campus
Synthesis And Characterization Of Imidazolium Salt Derivatives For Anti-Tumor Activity, Ryan W. Pearce
Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects
Several aldehydes (butanal, pentanal, hexanal, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde) were reacted with 1,3-bis(naphthalen-2-ylmethyl)-imidazolium bromide (1) to produce novel C2 substituted imidazolium salts for the potential use against non-small cell lung cancer in humans. Compounds 2-(1-hydroxypentyl)-1,3-bis(naphthalen-2-ylmethyl)-imidazolium bromide (3) and 2-(1-hydroxyhexyl)-1,3-bis(naphthalen-2-ylmethyl)-imidazolium bromide (5) were successfully synthesized with structures supported by NMR and mass spectrometry. Characterization by 1H NMR showed evidence of 1 in both compounds. The tumor cell growth inhibition of 3 against non-small cell lung cancer lines NCI-A549, NCI-H460, HCC827, and NCI-H1975 was tested and found to be comparable ...
Design, Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Novel Compounds With Cns-Activity Targeting Cannabinoid And Biogenic Amine Receptors, Alexander M. Sherwood
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
This work seeks to contribute to the discipline of neuropharmacology by way of structure activity relationship from the standpoint of an organic chemist. More specifically, we sought to develop robust synthetic methodology able to efficiently produce an array of compounds for the purpose of systematic evaluation of their interaction with specific sights within the central nervous system (CNS) in order to better understand the mind and to develop drugs that may have beneficial effects on neurological function.
The focus of these studies has been toward the development of novel molecules, using a structure-activity relationship approach, that exhibit binding affinity at ...
Design And Synthesis Of 4-N-Alkanoyl And 4-N-Alkyl Gemcitabine Analogues Suitable For Positron Emission Tomography, 2014 Florida International University
Design And Synthesis Of 4-N-Alkanoyl And 4-N-Alkyl Gemcitabine Analogues Suitable For Positron Emission Tomography, Jesse E. Pulido
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Gemcitabine is a highly potent chemotherapeutic nucleoside agent used in the treatment of several cancers and solid tumors. However, it is therapeutically limitated because of toxicity to normal cells and its rapid intracellular deamination by cytidine deaminase into the inactive uracil derivative. Modification at the 4-(N) position of gemcitabine's exocyclic amine to an -amide functionality is a well reported prodrug strategy which has been that confers a resistance to intracellular deamination while also altering pharmacokinetics of the parent drug. Coupling of gemcitabine to carboxylic acids with varying terminal moieties afforded the 4-N-alkanoylgemcitabines whereas reaction of 4- ...