Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Chemical Actions and Uses Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

143 Full-Text Articles 362 Authors 18,639 Downloads 49 Institutions

All Articles in Chemical Actions and Uses

Faceted Search

143 full-text articles. Page 1 of 6.

Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters 2020 East Tennessee State University

Effects Of Nicotinamide Riboside And Beta-Hydroxybutyrate On C. Elegans Lifespan, Jeffery Peters

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The nicotinamide riboside (NR) form of vitamin B3and the ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) are two of the most promising natural compounds yet identified for the treatment of aging and aging-related diseases. Forms of vitamin B3are precursors for the synthesis of the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(H)) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP(H)). In aged cells levels of NAD+decline, decreasing metabolism and decreasing activity of protective sirtuin protein deacetylases. In aged cells NR, but not more common forms of vitamin B3, boost NAD+levels. BHB is naturally produced by the body when individuals fast ...


Efficacy Of Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox) Injections Compared To Oral Topiramate In Reduction Of Migraines Suffered In Adults, Stephanie Blaha 2020 Arcadia University

Efficacy Of Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox) Injections Compared To Oral Topiramate In Reduction Of Migraines Suffered In Adults, Stephanie Blaha

Capstone Showcase

Abstract

Introduction: Migraines are a leading cause of disability in many people worldwide. There are numerous postulations as to their etiology and various medications that treat them. As crippling as migraines are, it is critical that there are therapies to prevent them rather than just treat them acutely. Both OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) and Topiramate have been shown to be beneficial as prophylaxis for migraines. This review aims to determine if, in adults who suffer from chronic migraines [P], OnabotulinumtoxinA injections [I] are more effective than oral Topiramate [C] in reduction of the amount of migraines suffered [O].

Methods: A literature search ...


Chlorhexidine Gluconate Vs Povidone-Iodine In The Prevention Of Clean-Contaminated Surgical Site Infections, Erin Layne, Abigail Stone 2019 James Madison University

Chlorhexidine Gluconate Vs Povidone-Iodine In The Prevention Of Clean-Contaminated Surgical Site Infections, Erin Layne, Abigail Stone

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2016 to 2019

Abstract

Background:

A patient’s skin is the major source of pathogens that can cause post-operative complications such as surgical site infections (SSIs). Optimization of pre-operative skin antisepsis is obtained with chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) and povidone-iodine (PI). These two solutions are the most widely used antiseptics for pre-operative purposes.

Objective:

Among surgical patients greater than 18 years of age undergoing clean-contaminated surgery, which antiseptic, iodophors or chlorhexidine gluconate, is more effective at reducing postoperative surgical site infections?

Methods:

A search was done in PubMed utilizing the terms chlorhexidine, infection control, iodophors, and surgical site infection. The limits applied included randomized ...


Incidence Of Aspirin Effect In An Anticipated Aspirin Negative Elderly Population, Emily Gullette, Heather Rhodes MD, Brant Clatterbuck MD, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Christoph Kaufmann 2019 USC

Incidence Of Aspirin Effect In An Anticipated Aspirin Negative Elderly Population, Emily Gullette, Heather Rhodes Md, Brant Clatterbuck Md, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Christoph Kaufmann

General Surgery

No abstract provided.


The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan 2019 Federal University of Pelotas

The Brazilian Private Pharmaceutical Market After The First Ten Years Of The Generics Law, Andrea Damaso Bertoldi, Anita K. Wagner, Isabel Emmerick, Luisa Arueira Chaves, Peter Stephens, Dennis Ross-Degnan

Open Access Articles

Objectives: To describe changes in the private market for selected originators, branded generics ('similares'), and generic products during the 10 years following passage of the Brazilian Generics Law.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data collected by IQVIA(R) on quarterly sales by wholesalers to retail pharmacies in Brazil from 1998 through 2010, grouped by originators, branded generics, and generic products in three therapeutic classes (antibiotics, antidiabetics, and antihypertensives). Outcomes included market share (proportion of the total private market volume), sales volume per capita, prices and number of manufacturers by group.

Results: In the private market share, generics became dominant in each ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is the late stage of hepatic fibrosis and is characterized by portal hypertension that can clinically lead to decompensation in the form of ascites, esophageal/gastric varices or encephalopathy. The most common sequelae associated with liver cirrhosis are neurologic and neuropsychiatric impairments labeled as hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Well established triggers for HE include infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, and medications. Alterations to the gut microbiome is one of the leading ammonia producers in the body, and therefore may make patients more susceptible to HE.

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and ...


Substituted Anthraquinones Represent A Potential Scaffold For Dna Methyltransferase 1-Specific Inhibitors, Rebecca L. Switzer, Jessica Medrano, David A. Reedel, Jill Weiss 2019 Bucknell University

Substituted Anthraquinones Represent A Potential Scaffold For Dna Methyltransferase 1-Specific Inhibitors, Rebecca L. Switzer, Jessica Medrano, David A. Reedel, Jill Weiss

Faculty Journal Articles

In humans, the most common epigenetic DNA modification is methylation of the 5-carbon of cytosines, predominantly in CpG dinucleotides. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mark associated with gene repression. Disruption of the normal DNA methylation pattern is known to play a role in the initiation and progression of many cancers. DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), the most abundant DNA methyltransferase in humans, is primarily responsible for maintenance of the DNA methylation pattern and is considered an important cancer drug target. Recently, laccaic acid A (LCA), a highly substituted anthraquinone natural product, was identified as a direct, DNA-competitive inhibitor of DNMT1 ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors Increase The Severity Of Hepatic Encephalopathy In Cirrhotic Patients, Matthew J. Fasullo, Prashanth Rau, Dong-Qi Liu, Erik Holzwanger, Jomol Mathew, Yurima Guilarte-Walker, Gyongyi Szabo

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is the late stage of hepatic fibrosis and is characterized by portal hypertension that can clinically lead to decompensation in the form of ascites, esophageal/gastric varices or encephalopathy. The most common sequelae associated with liver cirrhosis are neurologic and neuropsychiatric impairments labeled as hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Well established triggers for HE include infection, gastrointestinal bleeding, constipation, and medications. Alterations to the gut microbiome is one of the leading ammonia producers in the body, and therefore may make patients more susceptible to HE.

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and ...


Proton Pump Inhibitors And 180-Day Mortality In The Elderly After Clostridium Difficile Treatment, Evan S. Bradley, Emily Howe, Xun Wu, John P. Haran 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Proton Pump Inhibitors And 180-Day Mortality In The Elderly After Clostridium Difficile Treatment, Evan S. Bradley, Emily Howe, Xun Wu, John P. Haran

Open Access Articles

Background: There is a reported association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) exposure and increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but less is known about how this class of medications taken during treatment might influence mortality after CDI. Here we examine 180-day mortality rates in a cohort of CDI elders and its association with exposure to PPIs. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of elderly patients ( > 65 years of age) diagnosed and treated for CDI in the years 2014-2016 (n = 874) in the Umass Memorial Health Care system, which represents both academic and community healthcare. Patient characteristics and medication use ...


Update On Anticoagulation Agents And Reversals, Carolyn Ruiz 2019 West Kendall Baptist Hospital

Update On Anticoagulation Agents And Reversals, Carolyn Ruiz

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Abuse And Misuse Of Stimulants For Adhd, Rita Chamoun 2019 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Abuse And Misuse Of Stimulants For Adhd, Rita Chamoun

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Contemporary Low Dose Aspirin Use And Cardiovascular Disease, Pratik Sharma, Ramona Stone 2019 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Impact Of Contemporary Low Dose Aspirin Use And Cardiovascular Disease, Pratik Sharma, Ramona Stone

Health Student Work

No abstract provided.


Understanding Structure-Activity Relationship Of Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts) Utilizing Methylphenidate, Barkha J. Yadav 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Understanding Structure-Activity Relationship Of Synthetic Cathinones (Bath Salts) Utilizing Methylphenidate, Barkha J. Yadav

Theses and Dissertations

Synthetic cathinones are stimulant drugs of abuse that act at monoamine transporters e.g. the dopamine transporter (DAT) as releasing agents or as reuptake inhibitors. More than >150 new synthetic cathinones have emerged on the clandestine market and have attracted considerable attention from the medical and law enforcement communities.

threo-Methylphenidate (tMP) is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy, which also acts as a DAT reuptake inhibitor and is widely abused. tMP and synthetic cathinones share some structural similarities and extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on tMP have been conducted. However, much less is known about ...


Glucocorticoid Use In Sports And Exercise, Brett Barthman 2019 Iowa State University

Glucocorticoid Use In Sports And Exercise, Brett Barthman

Creative Components

Glucocorticoids (a subclass of the steroid family) have a broad range of therapeutic uses in human and veterinary medicine.Glucocorticoids are widely used to treat sport related/induced injury due to their anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects that allow athletes to resume physical activity, whether competitive sports or personal exercise, in a shorter time after injury. They can also be used to aid recovery after traumatic surgery such as repairing torn ligaments or ruptured tendons. Their route of administration varies from subcutaneous injections to inhalation to injections into intra-articular spaces between bones. New studies have pointed to their possible duel benefits ...


Coordinated Unmanned Aircraft System (Uas) And Ground-Based Weather Measurements To Predict Lagrangian Coherent Structures (Lcss), Peter J. Nolan, James Pinto, Javier González-Rocha, Anders Jensen, Christina N. Vezzi, Sean C. C. Bailey, Gijs de Boer, Constantin Diehl, Roger Laurence III, Craig W. Powers, Hosein Foroutan, Shane D. Ross, David G. Schmale III 2018 Virginia Tech

Coordinated Unmanned Aircraft System (Uas) And Ground-Based Weather Measurements To Predict Lagrangian Coherent Structures (Lcss), Peter J. Nolan, James Pinto, Javier González-Rocha, Anders Jensen, Christina N. Vezzi, Sean C. C. Bailey, Gijs De Boer, Constantin Diehl, Roger Laurence Iii, Craig W. Powers, Hosein Foroutan, Shane D. Ross, David G. Schmale Iii

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Concentrations of airborne chemical and biological agents from a hazardous release are not spread uniformly. Instead, there are regions of higher concentration, in part due to local atmospheric flow conditions which can attract agents. We equipped a ground station and two rotary-wing unmanned aircraft systems (UASs) with ultrasonic anemometers. Flights reported here were conducted 10 to 15 m above ground level (AGL) at the Leach Airfield in the San Luis Valley, Colorado as part of the Lower Atmospheric Process Studies at Elevation—a Remotely-Piloted Aircraft Team Experiment (LAPSE-RATE) campaign in 2018. The ultrasonic anemometers were used to collect simultaneous measurements ...


Retrospective Review Of Patients Treated With Argatroban For Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia, Jessica Justiz, Jessica Greenwood, Heidi Clarke, Radhan Gopalani 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Retrospective Review Of Patients Treated With Argatroban For Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia, Jessica Justiz, Jessica Greenwood, Heidi Clarke, Radhan Gopalani

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Retrospective Review Of Alternative Antibiotic Use In Patients With A Reported Penicillin Allergy At A Community Hospital, Rita Chamoun, Monica Tadros, Amy Montes, Heidi Clarke, Radhan Gopalani 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Retrospective Review Of Alternative Antibiotic Use In Patients With A Reported Penicillin Allergy At A Community Hospital, Rita Chamoun, Monica Tadros, Amy Montes, Heidi Clarke, Radhan Gopalani

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Retrospective Review Of Oral Oncolytic Agent Use Within A Community Hospital, Alyssa Donadio, Moe Shwin, Maria Figueroa, Michelle Lamarque 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Retrospective Review Of Oral Oncolytic Agent Use Within A Community Hospital, Alyssa Donadio, Moe Shwin, Maria Figueroa, Michelle Lamarque

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Impact Of A Urinary Tract Infection Treatment Pathway On Antimicrobial Prescribing Within A Community Hospital, Alyssa Donadio, Heidi Clarke, Erika Dittmar 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami

Impact Of A Urinary Tract Infection Treatment Pathway On Antimicrobial Prescribing Within A Community Hospital, Alyssa Donadio, Heidi Clarke, Erika Dittmar

All Publications

No abstract provided.


A V-To-F Substitution In Sk2 Channels Causes Ca2+ Hypersensitivity And Improves Locomotion In A C. Elegans Als Model, Young-Woo Nam, Sabia N. Baskoylu, Dimitris Gazgalis, Razan Orfali, Meng Cui, Anne C. Hart, Miao Zhang 2018 Chapman University

A V-To-F Substitution In Sk2 Channels Causes Ca2+ Hypersensitivity And Improves Locomotion In A C. Elegans Als Model, Young-Woo Nam, Sabia N. Baskoylu, Dimitris Gazgalis, Razan Orfali, Meng Cui, Anne C. Hart, Miao Zhang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channels mediate medium afterhyperpolarization in the neurons and play a key role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. SK channels are potential drug targets for ataxia and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). SK channels are activated exclusively by the Ca2+-bound calmodulin. Previously, we identified an intrinsically disordered fragment that is essential for the mechanical coupling between Ca2+/calmodulin binding and channel opening. Here, we report that substitution of a valine to phenylalanine (V407F) in the intrinsically disordered fragment caused a ~6 fold increase in the Ca2+ sensitivity of SK2-a channels. This substitution resulted in a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress