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Leveraging Bio-Inspired Molecules For Cancer Theranostics, Douglas S. MacPherson 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Leveraging Bio-Inspired Molecules For Cancer Theranostics, Douglas S. Macpherson

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A variety of molecules can be radiolabeled and delivered to a cancer site for the purposes of diagnostics and therapy. Among the most promising of tumor targeting molecules are peptides and antibodies. These bio-inspired molecules can be designed and synthesized to target and respond to cancer cells based on the properties of those cells. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) enzymes are over-expressed by some metastatic cancers, in which they are responsible for the degradation and remodeling of the extracellular matrix. In recent years, MMPs have emerged as promising targets for enzyme-responsive diagnostic probes because oligopeptides can be designed to be selectively hydrolyzed …


Second Generation Phenyloxadiazolyl Methyl Sulfones For Thiol-Specific Bioconjugations, Guillaume Dewaele-Le Roi 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Second Generation Phenyloxadiazolyl Methyl Sulfones For Thiol-Specific Bioconjugations, Guillaume Dewaele-Le Roi

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The role of antibody-based molecular agents for diagnosis and therapy of cancer has expanded significantly over the past decades. However, most of these constructs are synthesized using traditional bioconjugation methods based on the random ligations between the molecular cargo and lysine residues within the protein. These non-specific approaches can create poorly defined conjugates with suboptimal immunoreactivity and in vivo performance while Site-specific approaches to antibody bioconjugation based on ligations between maleimides and free cysteine residues have long stood as attractive alternatives. Yet the inherent instability of the thiol-maleimide linkage has fueled the search for new, more stable thiol-reactive prosthetic groups. …


Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman DNP, Elizabeth Thomas MS, Heather Greene MPH, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller MD, Susann Varano MD 2023 Sacred Heart University

Efficacy And Safety Of Vibegron For The Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Women: A Subgroup Analysis From The Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Empowur Trial, Diane K. Newman Dnp, Elizabeth Thomas Ms, Heather Greene Mph, Cornelia Haag-Molkenteller Md, Susann Varano Md

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Publications

Importance The international phase 3 EMPOWUR trial demonstrated efficacy and safety of vibegron, a newer b3-adrenergic receptor agonist, in adults with overactive bladder (OAB). Women are disproportionately affected by OAB, especially those with bothersome symptoms, such as urge urinary incontinence (UUI). Objective This subgroup analysis from EMPOWUR assessed efficacy and safety of vibegron in women. Study Design In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomized 5:5:4 to 12 weeks of treatment with once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4-mg extended release. Efficacy end points included change from baseline at week 12 in mean daily number of micturitions, UUI episodes, and …


Evaluation Of Antibody Response To Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2) Vaccination In Patients With Lymphoid And Solid Organ Malignancies, Mukul Singal, Sanjana Kalvehalli Kashinath, S. Shahzad Mustafa, Edward Walsh, Karthik Vadamalai, Saad Jamshed 2022 Rochester Regional Health System

Evaluation Of Antibody Response To Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-Cov-2) Vaccination In Patients With Lymphoid And Solid Organ Malignancies, Mukul Singal, Sanjana Kalvehalli Kashinath, S. Shahzad Mustafa, Edward Walsh, Karthik Vadamalai, Saad Jamshed

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the current COVID-19 pandemic. There is emerging evidence regarding suboptimal response to vaccination against COVID-19 in patients with hematologic and solid organ malignancies.

We conducted a single-center prospective study assessing seroconversion in response to vaccination against COVID-19 in 53 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma (MM), and solid organ malignancies.

A quantitative immunoassay of IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 Spike (S) protein was measured prior to vaccination and at 2 weeks after completion of two-dose vaccination series. A fourfold increase in antibody titers was considered positive …


November / December 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

November / December 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks

RURAL ROCKS

This is the November & December 2022 issue of Rural Rocks from the SWOSU College of Pharmacy.


Effects Of Chronic Cirrhosis Induced By Intraperitoneal Thioacetamide Injection On The Protein Content And Michaelis–Menten Kinetics Of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In The Rat Liver Microsomes, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Barent N. DuBois, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar 2022 Chapman University

Effects Of Chronic Cirrhosis Induced By Intraperitoneal Thioacetamide Injection On The Protein Content And Michaelis–Menten Kinetics Of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes In The Rat Liver Microsomes, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Barent N. Dubois, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Chronic intraperitoneal injection of thioacetamide (TAA) in rats has been used as an animal model of human cirrhosis to study the effects of the disease on drug metabolism. However, TAA inhibits P450 enzymes directly and independently of cirrhosis. We investigated the effects of chronic cirrhosis in rats, induced by 10 weeks of intraperitoneal TAA, on the P450 enzymes after a 10-day washout period to eliminate TAA. Liver histology and serum biomarkers of hepatic function confirmed cirrhosis in all animals. Microsomal total P450 content, P450 reductase activity and ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity, a general marker of P450 activity, were significantly reduced by …


Differential Expression And Activities Of Cytochrome P450 3a In The Rat Brain Microsomes And Mitochondria, Nouf Alshammari, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar 2022 Chapman University

Differential Expression And Activities Of Cytochrome P450 3a In The Rat Brain Microsomes And Mitochondria, Nouf Alshammari, Devaraj Venkatapura Chandrashekar, Mamunur Rashid, Reza Mehvar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Midazolam (MDZ), a benzodiazepine derivative, is metabolized to 1′- and 4-hydroxylated metabolites (1′-OH-MDZ and 4-OH-MDZ, respectively) by cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A). The purpose of this study was to investigate the CYP3A-mediated hydroxylation of MDZ in the rat brain mitochondria (MT). Brain microsomes (MC) and MT fractions were prepared from rats (n = 8) using differential and density gradient centrifugations, and the purity of the fractions was evaluated using VDAC1 and calreticulin as markers of MT and MC, respectively. The formation rates of 1′-OH-MDZ and 4-OH-MDZ in the rat brain MC and MT samples were determined using an LC–MS/MS method …


September / October 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks 2022 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

September / October 2022, Randy Curry, Cindy Brooks

RURAL ROCKS

PLS presents the 7th Annual Substance Use Disorder Seminar with Dr. Jake Nichols.


The Effects Of Cannabidiol On Aqueous Humor Outflow And Trabecular Meshwork Cell Signaling, Alyssa S. Aebersold, Zhao-Hui Song 2022 University of Louisville

The Effects Of Cannabidiol On Aqueous Humor Outflow And Trabecular Meshwork Cell Signaling, Alyssa S. Aebersold, Zhao-Hui Song

Faculty Scholarship

Intraocular pressure (IOP) is regulated primarily through aqueous humor production by ciliary body and drainage through uveoscleral and trabecular meshwork (TM) tissues. The goal of this study was to measure the effect of non-psychotropic cannabidiol (CBD) on aqueous humor outflow through TM and assess the effect of CBD on the TM cell signaling pathways that are important for regulating outflow. Perfused porcine eye anterior segment explants were used to investigate the effects of CBD on aqueous humor outflow. Cultured porcine TM cells were used to study the effects of CBD on TM cell contractility, myosin light chain (MLC) and myosin …


Research Progress Of Panax Notoginseng In The Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shuli Lu, Yan Feng, Jie Gao, Xianggong JIin, Yixin Wang, Keji Chen 2022 1.Department of General Medicine,Beijing Anzhen Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing 100029,China 2.Department of Community Health,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Third Affiliated Hospital,Beijing 100029,China

Research Progress Of Panax Notoginseng In The Diagnosis Of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shuli Lu, Yan Feng, Jie Gao, Xianggong Jiin, Yixin Wang, Keji Chen

General Practice in China

As a traditional Chinese medicine,Panax notoginseng has a significant effect in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases due to its effect of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.With the improvement of modern extraction technology,Panax notoginseng extract greatly improves its efficacy.In this paper,the mechanism of action,clinical effect and possible adverse reactions of Panax notoginseng extract(the main component of Panax notoginseng saponins,PNS)in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases(coronary heart disease,hypertension,heart failure,arrhythmia)at home and abroad in recent years were sorted out,and the relevant literature was analyzed,summarized and summarized.It is concluded that PNS and its effective components have definite curative effect on cardiovascular disease,especially in …


Efficacy Of Chinese Medicine Therapies On Insomnia Associated With Coronary Heart Disease:A Network Meta-Analysis, Yawei Zheng, Lifei Wu, Xingxing Zhang, Dongmei Gu, Siqi Zhang, Ming Liu, Zhuyuan Fang 2022 1.Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China 2.Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China

Efficacy Of Chinese Medicine Therapies On Insomnia Associated With Coronary Heart Disease:A Network Meta-Analysis, Yawei Zheng, Lifei Wu, Xingxing Zhang, Dongmei Gu, Siqi Zhang, Ming Liu, Zhuyuan Fang

General Practice in China

BackgroundCoronary heart disease(CHD) with insomnia can be called a "psycho-cardiological disease", and the persistent existence of insomnia can induce the onset of CHD or aggravate the development of the condition. In recent years, there have been continuous reports on TCM treatment of CHD with insomnia, but the sample size is small and the relevant evidence-based evaluation is insufficient. ObjectiveTo systematically review the efficacy of Chinese medicine therapies and sedative hypnotic drugs on insomnia associated with CHD. MethodsDatabases including CNKI, CBM, Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, VIP, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBase and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September …


Clinical Characteristics And Implications Of Bradycardia In Covid‐19 Patients Treated With Remdesivir: A Single‐Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Ariyon Schreiber, Justin S. Bauzon, Kavita Batra, Salman Mohammed, Kevin Lee, Nazanin Houshmand, Uyen Pham, Celica Cosme, Kim Inciong, Omar Al‑Taweel, Keaton Nasser, Jibran Rana, Chris Sossou, Ariel Go, Dalia Hawwass, Jimmy Diep, Chowdhury H. Ahsan 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Clinical Characteristics And Implications Of Bradycardia In Covid‐19 Patients Treated With Remdesivir: A Single‐Center Retrospective Cohort Study, Ariyon Schreiber, Justin S. Bauzon, Kavita Batra, Salman Mohammed, Kevin Lee, Nazanin Houshmand, Uyen Pham, Celica Cosme, Kim Inciong, Omar Al‑Taweel, Keaton Nasser, Jibran Rana, Chris Sossou, Ariel Go, Dalia Hawwass, Jimmy Diep, Chowdhury H. Ahsan

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background and Objectives: Remdesivir is an antiviral drug used to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with a relatively obscure cardiac efect profle. Previous studies have reported bradycardia associated with remdesivir, but few have examined its clinical characteristics. The objective of this study was to investigate remdesivir associated bradycardia and its associated clinical characteristics and outcomes. Methods: This is a single-institution retrospective study that investigated bradycardia in 600 patients who received remdesivir for treatment of COVID-19. A total of 375 patients were included in the study after screening for other known causes of bradycardia (atrioventricular [AV] nodal blockers). All patients were …


Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa 2022 Department of Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Munster Technological University, Kerry, Ireland

Biowill - Characterising Willow Bark Bio-Actives For Skin Therapies, Arnold Marisa

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

Willow bark is considered as a disposable by-product when processing willow for biomass. Willow (Salix) is known to contain high value bioactive compounds which include salicin and its derivatives, and other phytochemicals of interest such as polyphenols and flavonoids. The plant is historically known as the primary source of salicylates to which the well-known drug aspirin is derived from. The work forms part of the Interreg project BioWILL, which is focused on integrated “Zero Waste” biorefinery utilising all fractions of willow feedstock for the production of biochemicals and renewable energy. This project aims to investigate the crude and …


Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria 2022 Keck Graduate Institute

Full- Versus Sub-Regional Quantification Of Amyloid-Beta Load On Mouse Brain Sections, Yuu Ohno, Riley Murphy, Matthew Choi, Weijun Ou, Rachita K. Sumbria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Extracellular accumulation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques is one of the major pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and is the target of the only FDA-approved disease-modifying treatment for AD. Accordingly, the use of transgenic mouse models that overexpress the amyloid precursor protein and thereby accumulate cerebral Aβ plaques are widely used to model human AD in mice. Therefore, immunoassays, including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunostaining, commonly measure the Aβ load in brain tissues derived from AD transgenic mice. Though the methods for Aβ detection and quantification have been well established and documented, the impact of the size of the …


Synthesis, Characterization, And Bioactivity Of 3-Substituted Coumarins As An Undergraduate Project, Karsen King, Nicholas Campbell, Ronald Okoth, Wathsala Medawala 2022 Georgia College and State University

Synthesis, Characterization, And Bioactivity Of 3-Substituted Coumarins As An Undergraduate Project, Karsen King, Nicholas Campbell, Ronald Okoth, Wathsala Medawala

Georgia Journal of Science

Coumarins are an important class of phytochemicals, a chemical defense presumed to be secreted by plants. More recently, Coumarins have gathered popularity for their basis in anti-cancer agents. This paper dives into the organic synthesis of two 3-substituted coumarins from o-vanillin using the Knoevenagel condensation reaction. The 3-substituted coumarin were characterized using melting point analysis, 1H-NMR, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. In addition, the anticancer activity of synthesized 3-substituted coumarin compounds were assayed against topoisomeraseIIα, which is the target enzyme of FDA approved anti-cancer drug etoposide since it is an active enzyme in cancer cell replication. The demonstrated procedures can be …


Updates In The Pharmacologic Prophylaxis And Treatment Of Invasive Candidiasis In The Pediatric And Neonatal Intensive Care Units, James Hunter Fly, Seerat Kapoor, Kelly Bobo, Jeremy S. Stultz 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Updates In The Pharmacologic Prophylaxis And Treatment Of Invasive Candidiasis In The Pediatric And Neonatal Intensive Care Units, James Hunter Fly, Seerat Kapoor, Kelly Bobo, Jeremy S. Stultz

Faculty Publications

Purpose of review The goal of this review was to provide an update on the prevention and treatment options for invasive candidiasis (IC) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Recent findings Studies have further validated the use of fluconazole for IC prophylaxis among high-risk patients in the NICU. It remains unclear if prophylaxis leads to resistance development and the ideal dosage regimen is still not clear. Recent studies have been published comparing caspofungin and micafungin to amphotericin B and illustrated similar efficacy outcomes in the NICU. Micafungin now has approval from the United …


The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia 2022 University of Mississippi

The Role Of Age Ligand And Rap1a In Myofibroblast Signaling Cascade In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus-Induced Cardiomyopathic Conditions, Camilla Puglia

Honors Theses

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, taking more than 90,000 lives annually. Type 2 diabetes mellitus-induced cardiac fibrosis is a common condition seen in diabetic patients. The AGE/RAGE signaling cascade has been strongly associated with this supposed cardiac fibrosis along with hyperactive myofibroblasts which excessively remodel extracellular matrix tissue, leading to damaged and enlarged heart muscle tissue. In diabetic patients, Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are produced in abundance and accumulate in the extracellular matrix of heart tissue. To investigate the role of of the AGE ligand on fibroblast behavior, increasing amounts of …


Case Study Of Metformin-Induced Lactic Acidosis, Kajel Patel, Kishan Patel 2022 Rowan University

Case Study Of Metformin-Induced Lactic Acidosis, Kajel Patel, Kishan Patel

Stratford Campus Research Day

Metformin induced lactic acidosis is when high levels of metformin cause dangerously high levels of lactic acid. Here is a case report of a 72-year-old female who came in for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea found to have a high suspicion for metformin induced lactic acidosis. She stabilized in the emergency department, nephrology and ICU was contacted, and she went for emergent dialysis. For many patients the prognosis of metformin induced lactic acidosis is poor. This patient was made comfort care by her family.


Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello 2022 Rowan University

Digoxin Toxicity And Acute Renal Failure In A 75 Year-Old Female, Daniel Zaayenga, Andrew Caravello, Nicholas Tomasello

Stratford Campus Research Day

Digoxin toxicity can present with varying manifestations. While pathognomonic symptoms such as xanthopsia (object appearing yellow) are a board favorite it is not a required finding and is in fact not seen with most patients. Rather digoxin toxicity presents with more non-specific symptoms such as GI distress (anorexia, N/V) neurological distress (lethargy, fatigue, delirium, confusion, disorientation, weakness. EKG findings are varied and include premature ventricular contractions, bradycardia, atrial tachyarrhythmias with AV block, ventricular bigeminy, junctional rhythms, various degrees of AV nodal blockade, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation. Although rarely seen, digoxin is one of the only causes of bidirectional ventricular …


Seizure To Drug Induced Schizophrenia: A Rare Case Of Keppra-Induced Psychosis, Shadi Shams, Riddhima Issar, Nardin El-Shammaa, Munaza Khan 2022 Rowan University

Seizure To Drug Induced Schizophrenia: A Rare Case Of Keppra-Induced Psychosis, Shadi Shams, Riddhima Issar, Nardin El-Shammaa, Munaza Khan

Stratford Campus Research Day

Levetiracetam is a broad-spectrum antiseizure medication and is approved as adjunctive therapy to treat focal-onset seizures in children and adults with epilepsy. Levetiracetam has a wide margin of safety and patient-friendly pharmacokinetics that distinguish it from other currently available antiepileptic drugs.

Most common side effects are fatigue, somnolence, dizziness, and upper respiratory infection. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are reported. Psychotic symptoms, paranoid ideation, hallucinations, and behavioral problems may occur in adult and pediatric patients. Among all adverse effects, the rate of psychosis is very low and ranges from less than 1% to 1.4%. A retrospective study showed that this rate is higher …


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