Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pharmaceutical Preparations Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

198 Full-Text Articles 412 Authors 39458 Downloads 55 Institutions

All Articles in Pharmaceutical Preparations

Faceted Search

198 full-text articles. Page 1 of 8.

Structure Activity Relationship Studies Of Novel Diarylpentanoid Analogs Targeting The Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Cells, Haili Coffin, Marco Bisoffi 2017 Chapman University

Structure Activity Relationship Studies Of Novel Diarylpentanoid Analogs Targeting The Androgen Receptor In Prostate Cancer Cells, Haili Coffin, Marco Bisoffi

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The development of prostate cancer (PCa) relies strongly on the activation of the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway by its natural ligand dihydrotestosterone. Furthermore, PCa progression to metastatic disease represents oncogene addiction to AR activity. Androgen ablation therapy is thus a mainstay therapy against this disease, but the development of ligand-independent AR activation and persisting AR expression eventually leads to castration resistant PCa (CRPC). Therefore, down-regulation of AR expression in PCa cells may be an effective therapeutic modality. The diarylpentanoid ca27 has previously been shown to down-regulate AR expression by an unknown mechanism of action. The present work represents a ...


Antiemetic Use Among Pregnant Women In The United States: The Escalating Use Of Ondansetron, Lockwood G. Taylor, Steven T. Bird, Leyla Sahin, Melissa S. Tassinari, Patty Greene, Marsha Reichman, Susan E. Andrade, Katherine Haffenreffer, Sengwee Toh 2017 US Food and Drug Administration

Antiemetic Use Among Pregnant Women In The United States: The Escalating Use Of Ondansetron, Lockwood G. Taylor, Steven T. Bird, Leyla Sahin, Melissa S. Tassinari, Patty Greene, Marsha Reichman, Susan E. Andrade, Katherine Haffenreffer, Sengwee Toh

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

PURPOSE: To examine ondansetron use in pregnancy in the context of other antiemetic use among a large insured United States population of women delivering live births. METHODS: We assessed ondansetron and other antiemetic use among pregnant women delivering live births between 2001 and 2015 in 15 data partners contributing data to the Mini-Sentinel Distributed Database. We identified live birth pregnancies using a validated algorithm, and all forms of ondansetron and other available antiemetics were identified using National Drug Codes or procedure codes. We assessed the prevalence of antiemetic use by trimester, calendar year, and formulation. RESULTS: In over 2.3 ...


Compromised External Validity: Federally Produced Cannabis Does Not Reflect Legal Markets, Daniela Vergara, L. Cinnamon Bidwell, Steep Hill, Kent E. Hutchison, Nolan C. Kane 2017 CU Boulder

Compromised External Validity: Federally Produced Cannabis Does Not Reflect Legal Markets, Daniela Vergara, L. Cinnamon Bidwell, Steep Hill, Kent E. Hutchison, Nolan C. Kane

University Libraries Open Access Fund Supported Publications

As the most widely used illicit drug worldwide, and as a source of numerous under-studied pharmacologically-active compounds, a precise understanding of variability in psychological and physiological effects of Cannabis varieties is essential. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is designated as the sole legal producer of Cannabis for use in US research studies. We sought to compare the chemical profiles of Cannabis varieties that are available to consumers in states that have statelegalized use versus what is available to researchers interested in studying the plant and its effects. Our results demonstrate that the federally-produced Cannabis has significantly less variety ...


Medical Marijuana Education For Medical Students, Patrick McGuire 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Medical Marijuana Education For Medical Students, Patrick Mcguire

Capstone Presentations

As the nationwide discourse on medical marijuana evolves, with 28 out of 50 states approving its use, University of Massachusetts Medical School graduates will need to be prepared to discuss medical marijuana (MMJ) with their patients. There is currently no formal medical school education on MMJ. This project set out to understand the curriculum gap and provide a learning session to interested students. The presentation was created using research done by the author during the first three years of medical school, including visits to private MMJ clinics. Utilizing a pre/post-session online assessment of a group of twenty-six students, we ...


Session D-2: Don’T Overdose The Patient: A Unit Conversion Literacy Project, Gary M. Baker, David Anim-Addo, Patrick Young 2017 Northern Illinois University

Session D-2: Don’T Overdose The Patient: A Unit Conversion Literacy Project, Gary M. Baker, David Anim-Addo, Patrick Young

Professional Learning Day

General chemistry for non-science majors is often a prerequisite course for students pursuing degree programs in allied health fields, such as nursing. A core nursing skill is medicine management, which includes correctly calculating drug dosage volumes administered by I.V. or injection. Such calculations are nothing more than general chemistry problems involving concentration units and dilution. Our data show, however, that more than 90% of students lack this skill after taking a traditional general chemistry course. This presentation will focus on documenting this curricular gap and how we, as teachers, can address it.


Effect Of Immediate Initiation Of Antiretroviral Therapy On Risk Of Severe Bacterial Infections In Hiv-Positive People With Cd4 Cell Counts Of More Than 500 Cells Per Μl: Secondary Outcome Results From A Randomised Controlled Trial., Jemma O'Connor, Michael J Vjecha, Andrew N Phillips, Brian Angus, David Cooper, Fred Gordin, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Effect Of Immediate Initiation Of Antiretroviral Therapy On Risk Of Severe Bacterial Infections In Hiv-Positive People With Cd4 Cell Counts Of More Than 500 Cells Per Μl: Secondary Outcome Results From A Randomised Controlled Trial., Jemma O'Connor, Michael J Vjecha, Andrew N Phillips, Brian Angus, David Cooper, Fred Gordin, +Several Additional Authors

Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The effects of antiretroviral therapy on risk of severe bacterial infections in people with high CD4 cell counts have not been well described. In this study, we aimed to quantify the effects of immediate versus deferred ART on the risk of severe bacterial infection in people with high CD4 cell counts in a preplanned analysis of the START trial.

METHODS: The START trial was a randomised controlled trial in ART-naive HIV-positive patients with CD4 cell count of more than 500 cells per μL assigned to immediate ART or deferral until their CD4 cell counts were lower than 350 cells ...


Unmasking Of Myoclonus By Lacosamide In Generalized Epilepsy, Daniel Birnbaum, Mohamad Z. Koubeissi 2017 George Washington University

Unmasking Of Myoclonus By Lacosamide In Generalized Epilepsy, Daniel Birnbaum, Mohamad Z. Koubeissi

Neurology Faculty Publications

Lacosamide is a new-generation antiseizure medication that is approved for use as an adjunctive treatment and monotherapy in focal epilepsy. Its use in generalized epilepsy, however, has not been adequately evaluated in controlled trials. We report a 67-year-old woman who experienced new-onset myoclonic seizures after initiation of lacosamide. We presume that she had an undiagnosed generalized epilepsy syndrome, likely juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Myoclonic seizures were not reported before introducing lacosamide and completely resolved after lacosamide was discontinued. This suggests that lacosamide may have the potential to worsen myoclonus, similar to what has been reported with another sodium channel agent, lamotrigine ...


The Autocrine Role Of Proteoglycan-4 (Prg4) In Modulating Osteoarthritic Synoviocyte Proliferation And Expression Of Matrix Degrading Enzymes, Ali Alquraini, Maha Jamal, Ling Zhang, Tannin Schmidt, Gregory D. Jay, Khaled A. Elsaid 2017 MCPHS University

The Autocrine Role Of Proteoglycan-4 (Prg4) In Modulating Osteoarthritic Synoviocyte Proliferation And Expression Of Matrix Degrading Enzymes, Ali Alquraini, Maha Jamal, Ling Zhang, Tannin Schmidt, Gregory D. Jay, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Lubricin/proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) is a mucinous glycoprotein secreted by synovial fibroblasts and superficial zone chondrocytes. Recently, we showed that recombinant human PRG4 (rhPRG4) is a putative ligand for CD44 receptor. rhPRG4-CD44 interaction inhibits cytokine-induced rheumatoid arthritis synoviocyte proliferation. The objective of this study is to decipher the autocrine function of PRG4 in regulating osteoarthritic synoviocyte proliferation and expression of catabolic and pro-inflammatory mediators under basal and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)- stimulated conditions.

Methods: Cytosolic and nuclear levels of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) p50 and p65 subunits in Prg4+/+ and Prg4-/- synoviocytes were studied using western blot. Nuclear translocation ...


Molecular Modeling Of Novel Tryptamine Analogs With Antibiotic Potential Through Their Inhibition Of Tryptophan Synthase, Jared Schattenkerk 2017 Claremont McKenna College

Molecular Modeling Of Novel Tryptamine Analogs With Antibiotic Potential Through Their Inhibition Of Tryptophan Synthase, Jared Schattenkerk

CMC Senior Theses

The growing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a global health crisis that threatens the effectiveness of antibiotics in medical treatment. Increases in the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and a drop in the pharmaceutical development of novel antibiotics have combined to form a situation that is rapidly increasing the likelihood of a post-antibiotic era. The development of antibiotics with novel enzymatic targets is critical to stall this growing crisis. In silico methods of molecular modeling and drug design were utilized in the development of novel tryptamine analogs as potential antibiotics through their inhibition of the bacterial enzyme tryptophan synthase. Following the ...


Risk Of Gastrointestinal Bleeding Among Dabigatran Users – A Self Controlled Case Series Analysis, Wenze Tang, Hsien-Yen Chang, Meijia Zhou, Sonal Singh 2017 George Washington University

Risk Of Gastrointestinal Bleeding Among Dabigatran Users – A Self Controlled Case Series Analysis, Wenze Tang, Hsien-Yen Chang, Meijia Zhou, Sonal Singh

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

This article aims to evaluate the real world risk of gastrointestinal bleeding among users naïve to dabigatran. We adopted a self-controlled case series design. We sampled 1215 eligible adult participants who were continuous insured users between July 1, 2010 and March 31, 2012 with use of dabigatran and at least one gastrointestinal bleeding episode. We used a conditional Poisson regression to estimate incidence rate ratios. The population consisted of 64.69% of male and 60.25% patients equal to or greater than age 65 at start of observation. After adjustment for time-variant confounders, the incidence rate of gastrointestinal bleeding was ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi 2016 Trivedi Global Inc.

Characterization Of Physicochemical And Thermal Properties Of Biofield Treated Ethyl Cellulose And Methyl Cellulose, Mahendra Trivedi, Dahryn Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cellulose and its derivatives are used as potential matrices for biomaterials and tissue engineering applications. The objective of present research was to investigate the influence of biofield treatment on physical, chemical and thermal properties of ethyl cellulose (EC) and methyl cellulose (MC). The study was performed in two groups (control and treated). The control group remained as untreated, and biofield treatment was given to treated group. The biofield treated polymers are characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), CHNSO analysis, X-ray diffraction study (XRD), Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FT-IR analysis of treated EC showed downward shifting ...


A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski 2016 University of California - Davis

A New Sv2a Ligand For Epilepsy, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Since the 1970s, racetams have been in use as cognitive enhancers. Levetiracetam was discovered to have antiseizure activity in animal models and was then found to bind to SV2A in synaptic and endocrine vesicles. Brivaracetam, an analog of levetiracetam, was identified in a medicinal chemistry campaign with the objective of discovering analogs with higher affinity at racetam-binding sites and greater antiseizure potency.


Profile Interview With Faculty Mentor Jane Krause, Elizabeth J. Dowell, Ashley M. Schinker 2016 Purdue University

Profile Interview With Faculty Mentor Jane Krause, Elizabeth J. Dowell, Ashley M. Schinker

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

No abstract provided.


There Is A Trend Favoring Vancomycin Vs. Metronidazole In Treating Severe C. Difficile Infection, Dean D. Fouchia 2016 Wayne State University School of Medicine

There Is A Trend Favoring Vancomycin Vs. Metronidazole In Treating Severe C. Difficile Infection, Dean D. Fouchia

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Johnson S, Louie TJ, Gerding DN, et al. Vancomycin, metronidazole, or tolevamer for Clostridium difficile infection: results from two multinational, randomized, controlled trials. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;59(3):345-354. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu313


Synthesis And Development Of Long-Acting Abacavir Prodrug Nanoformulations, Dhirender Singh 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Synthesis And Development Of Long-Acting Abacavir Prodrug Nanoformulations, Dhirender Singh

Theses & Dissertations

Over the past decade, work from our laboratory has demonstrated the potential of targeted nanoformulated antiretroviral therapy (nanoART) to produce sustained high plasma and tissue drug concentrations for weeks following a single intramuscular (IM) administration that can suppress ongoing viral replication and mitigate dose associated viral resistance. While progress has occurred towards developing long-acting nanoformulations for protease and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors, development of nanoformulations of hydrophilic nucleoside RT inhibitor drugs have remained elusive. Abacavir (ABC); a hydrophilic molecule exhibited limited utilities to develop into long-acting nanoformulation platform. Furthermore, inefficient conversion of ABC to its biological active metabolites; carbovir ...


Novel Ph-Sensitive Cyclic Peptides, Dhammika Weerakkody, Anna Moshnikova, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Ramona-Cosima Adochite, Gregory Slaybaugh, Jovana Golijanin, Rakesh Tiwari, Oleg A. Andreev, Keykavous Parang, Yana K. Reshetnyak 2016 University of Rhode Island

Novel Ph-Sensitive Cyclic Peptides, Dhammika Weerakkody, Anna Moshnikova, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Ramona-Cosima Adochite, Gregory Slaybaugh, Jovana Golijanin, Rakesh Tiwari, Oleg A. Andreev, Keykavous Parang, Yana K. Reshetnyak

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A series of cyclic peptides containing a number of tryptophan (W) and glutamic acid (E) residues were synthesized and evaluated as pH-sensitive agents for targeting of acidic tissue and pH-dependent cytoplasmic delivery of molecules. Biophysical studies revealed the molecular mechanism of peptides action and localization within the lipid bilayer of the membrane at high and low pHs. The symmetric, c[(WE)4WC], and asymmetric, c[E4W5C], cyclic peptides translocated amanitin, a polar cargo molecule of similar size, across the lipid bilayer and induced cell death in a pH- and concentration-dependent manner. Fluorescently-labelled peptides were evaluated for targeting of acidic 4T1 ...


Tolerability Of Induction Chemotherapy Dosing Practices In Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients, Kaylene M. Peric, David J. Reeves 2016 Butler University

Tolerability Of Induction Chemotherapy Dosing Practices In Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients, Kaylene M. Peric, David J. Reeves

David Reeves

For patients with high body surface areas (BSA), differing chemotherapy dosing strategies have been utilized in attempts to reduce toxicity. In a retrospective evaluation, we compared the effects of chemotherapy dosing in acute myeloid leukemia patients with high BSA (>2 m2) who received capped doses (n = 12) to those who received uncapped doses (n = 24), and to patients with BSA ≤ 2 m2 (n = 42). There were no statistically significant differences among groups (BSA ≤ 2 m2, BSA > 2 m2 capped, and BSA > 2 m2 uncapped) in the incidences of febrile neutropenia (85.7, 66.7, and ...


Drug-Drug Interaction Between Methotrexate And Levetiracetam Resulting In Delayed Methotrexate Elimination, Emily Bain, Ruemu E. Birhiray, David J. Reeves 2016 Butler University

Drug-Drug Interaction Between Methotrexate And Levetiracetam Resulting In Delayed Methotrexate Elimination, Emily Bain, Ruemu E. Birhiray, David J. Reeves

David Reeves

Objective: To report a case of delayed methotrexate (MTX) elimination while receiving concomitant levetiracetam. Case Report: A 46-year-old man with relapsed osteosarcoma of the base of the skull receiving high-dose MTX tolerated his first cycle of MTX with elimination to nontoxic MTX levels (≤0.1 µmol/L) within 90 hours. After hospital discharge, the patient experienced seizures secondary to brain metastasis and started on levetiracetam, which was continued as maintenance therapy. The patient experienced delayed MTX elimination during cycles 2, 3, and 4 while receiving levetiracetam. On average, elimination to nontoxic MTX levels took 130 hours (106-144 hours). Before the ...


Bone Health Management In Prostate Cancer Patients Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Vishnuprabha Dhanapal, David J. Reeves 2016 Butler University

Bone Health Management In Prostate Cancer Patients Receiving Androgen Deprivation Therapy, Vishnuprabha Dhanapal, David J. Reeves

David Reeves

Purpose. Patients receiving androgen deprivation therapy undergo a rapid decline in bone mineral density during the first 6 to 12 months of initiating therapy. The World Health Organization has developed and implemented the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) to predict the ten year risk of a major fracture & hip fracture. Additionally, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the National Osteoporosis Foundation have developed osteoporosis guidelines. This study aims to characterize the fracture risk (based on the FRAX tool) and the current management of bone health based on national guidelines compliance.

Methods. A retrospective chart review of patients receiving a LHRH ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress