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The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

Rehabilitation from a history of drug abuse is a very difficult and life changing process. Abstinence syndrome forces the rehabilitating patient to go through anxiety like symptoms. The Oxytocin hormone has been believed to be a potential facilitator in the rehabilitation process. This hormone is very present during interactions of affection (hugs) and birth, it foments trust while it associates to a feeling of calmness. Oxytocin would theoretically be a calming agent to the anxiety like symptoms such as craving. The experiment aimed to test the calming effects of the hormone, consisted of a five-day systemic cocaine injections treatment schedule ...


The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla 2018 University High School

The Effect Of The Oxytocin Hormone In Cocaine Addicted Rats Suffering From Abstinence Syndrome, Juan Padilla

The International Student Science Fair 2018

This study aimed to understand the effects of oxytocin in cocaine-addicted rats to prove its ability to help recovering drug addicts overcome the extreme anxiety and craving that makes them relapse during their rehabilitation.


Modeling Pharmaceutical Inhibition Of Glucose-Stimulated Renin-Angiotensin System In Kidneys, Ashlee N. Ford Versypt, Minu R. Pilvankar, Hui Ling Yong 2018 Oklahoma State University - Main Campus

Modeling Pharmaceutical Inhibition Of Glucose-Stimulated Renin-Angiotensin System In Kidneys, Ashlee N. Ford Versypt, Minu R. Pilvankar, Hui Ling Yong

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. DeNicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers 2018 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes Is Caused By Islet Loss And Inflammation, Nathaniel J. Hart, Jenny Aurielle B. Babon, Megan E. Denicola, Sally C. Kent, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Cystic fibrosis-related (CF-related) diabetes (CFRD) is an increasingly common and devastating comorbidity of CF, affecting approximately 35% of adults with CF. However, the underlying causes of CFRD are unclear. Here, we examined cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) islet expression and whether the CFTR participates in islet endocrine cell function using murine models of beta cell CFTR deletion and normal and CF human pancreas and islets. Specific deletion of CFTR from murine beta cells did not affect beta cell function. In human islets, CFTR mRNA was minimally expressed, and CFTR protein and electrical activity were not detected. Isolated CF/CFRD ...


Cross Talk Between Serum Kisspeptin-Leptin During Assisted Reproduction Techniques, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Aqsa Khalid, Syeda Sadia Fatima 2018 Aga Khan University

Cross Talk Between Serum Kisspeptin-Leptin During Assisted Reproduction Techniques, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Aqsa Khalid, Syeda Sadia Fatima

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background & Objective: Leptin facilitates onset of puberty by impact on hypothalamic Kisspeptin, gonadotropin releasing hormone, follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormone. The link of peripheral Leptin-Kisspeptin in regulating the ovarian and endometrial tissue in relation to adiposity is unknown. Therefore, we wanted to identify Kisspeptin-Leptin association with body mass index (BMI) and success of assisted reproductive treatments (ART) in infertile females.
Methods: A cross sectional study was carried from August 2014 till May 2016 after receiving ethical approval at Australian Concept Infertility Medical Centre, and Aga Khan University. The study group comprised of females with an age range of 25-37 year who had duration of unexplained infertility for more than two years. They were grouped as; underweight (/m2), normal weight (18-22.9 kg/m2), overweight 23-24.99 kg/m2 and obese (>25 kg/m2). Kisspeptin and Leptin levels were measured by enzyme linked immune sorbent assay before down regulation of ovaries and initiation of treatment protocol of ART. Failure of procedure was detected by beta human chorionic gonadotropin <25mIU/ml (non-pregnant) whereas females with levels >25mIU/ml and cardiac activity on trans-vaginal scan were declared pregnant.
Results: Highest Kisspeptin and Leptin levels were seen in normal weight group (374.80 ± 185.08ng/L; 12.78 ± 6.8 pg/ml) respectively, yet the highest number of clinical ...


Alpha Cell Function And Gene Expression Are Compromised In Type 1 Diabetes, Marcela Brissova, David Blodgett, Dale L. Greiner, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers 2018 Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Alpha Cell Function And Gene Expression Are Compromised In Type 1 Diabetes, Marcela Brissova, David Blodgett, Dale L. Greiner, David M. Harlan, Alvin C. Powers

Open Access Articles

Many patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have residual beta cells producing small amounts of C-peptide long after disease onset but develop an inadequate glucagon response to hypoglycemia following T1D diagnosis. The features of these residual beta cells and alpha cells in the islet endocrine compartment are largely unknown, due to the difficulty of comprehensive investigation. By studying the T1D pancreas and isolated islets, we show that remnant beta cells appeared to maintain several aspects of regulated insulin secretion. However, the function of T1D alpha cells was markedly reduced, and these cells had alterations in transcription factors constituting alpha and ...


Analysis Of Endocrine Response To Perceived Difference In Cross-Cultural Interactions, Carole Woolford-Hunt, Marlene Murray, Tevni Grajales Guerra, Kristina Beenken-Johnson 2018 Andrews University

Analysis Of Endocrine Response To Perceived Difference In Cross-Cultural Interactions, Carole Woolford-Hunt, Marlene Murray, Tevni Grajales Guerra, Kristina Beenken-Johnson

Faculty Publications

We live in a world where awareness of ethnic and cultural diversity is an ever increasing reality. Business and education turn to the social sciences to inform them about how to manage and optimize cross-cultural interactions. Although much research has been done on the impact of cross-cultural interactions on a wide range of variables, one less researched area is the endocrine response to cross-cultural interactions. In this study we set out to investigate the endocrine response to cross cultural interactions and the impact of these interactions on perceived differences. To do so we measured the pre and post levels of ...


Antagonistic Actions Of Juvenile Hormone And 20-Hydroxyecdysone Within The Ring Gland Determine Developmental Transitions In Drosophila, Suning Liu, Kang Li, Yue Gao, Xi Liu, Weiting Chen, Wei Ge, Qili Feng, Subba Reddy Palli, Sheng Li 2018 South China Normal University, China

Antagonistic Actions Of Juvenile Hormone And 20-Hydroxyecdysone Within The Ring Gland Determine Developmental Transitions In Drosophila, Suning Liu, Kang Li, Yue Gao, Xi Liu, Weiting Chen, Wei Ge, Qili Feng, Subba Reddy Palli, Sheng Li

Entomology Faculty Publications

In both vertebrates and insects, developmental transition from the juvenile stage to adulthood is regulated by steroid hormones. In insects, the steroid hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), elicits metamorphosis, thus promoting this transition, while the sesquiterpenoid juvenile hormone (JH) antagonizes 20E signaling to prevent precocious metamorphosis during the larval stages. However, not much is known about the mechanisms involved in cross-talk between these two hormones. In this study, we discovered that in the ring gland (RG) of Drosophila larvae, JH and 20E control each other’s biosynthesis. JH induces expression of a Krüppel-like transcription factor gene Kr-h1 in the prothoracic gland (PG ...


Gene Regulation In The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal Axis Of The Green Anole Lizard (Anolis Carolinensis)., Joshua N. Peters 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Gene Regulation In The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal Axis Of The Green Anole Lizard (Anolis Carolinensis)., Joshua N. Peters

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Studies examining the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad axis (HPG) in Anolis carolinensis provide insight into the regulation of this axis under extremely different reproductive conditions. Molecular studies indicate that kisspeptin proteins, transcribed from kiss1 and kiss2 genes, are produced in the hypothalamus where they bind G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), activating the HPG axis. Gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) and its receptors, G protein-coupled receptor 147 and 74 (GPR147 and GPR74), down regulate HPG axis function. In this experiment we examined HPG axis gene expression in the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis), a seasonally breeding species with higher steroid hormone levels in the breeding ...


Hormonal Contraceptive Use Among Active Duty Army Servicewomen. Trends And Implications For Risk Of Musculoskeletal Injury., Melanie K. Hosker 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Hormonal Contraceptive Use Among Active Duty Army Servicewomen. Trends And Implications For Risk Of Musculoskeletal Injury., Melanie K. Hosker

Doctoral Dissertations

Almost 40% of servicewomen use hormonal contraception every year, and 60% will use a contraceptive method in their military career. Rates of contraceptive use and musculoskeletal injury are higher among servicewomen as compared to civilians. Gender differences in rates of musculoskeletal injury have led investigators to question the role of sex hormones, including contraception. Recent studies suggest that hormonal contraceptives may decreased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, potentially decreasing early onset osteoarthritis (OA). We utilized the Total Army Injury and Health Outcome Database, which prospectively captured demographics, clinical and pharmacy records on over 5.6 million Army soldiers ...


The Association Of Hormonal Contraception With Depression, Pamela Derickson 2018 Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont

The Association Of Hormonal Contraception With Depression, Pamela Derickson

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Hormonal contraceptives are widely used by women during their reproductive years. Currently, over 100 million women worldwide use the pill, and 82% of sexually active women in the USA will use oral contraceptive pills at some time during their reproductive years (Carrol, 2017). Oral contraceptive use, especially among adolescents, is associated with subsequent use of antidepressants and a first diagnosis of depression, suggesting depression may be a potential adverse effect of hormonal contraceptive use (Skovlund, 2016). This project focused on educating health care providers at the Community Health Center of Burlington, VT (CHCB) about the association of depression and oral ...


Population Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Modeling Of Depot Testosterone Cypionate In Healthy Male Subjects, Youwei Bi, Paul J. Perry, Michael Ellerby, Daryl J. Murry 2018 Touro University California

Population Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Modeling Of Depot Testosterone Cypionate In Healthy Male Subjects, Youwei Bi, Paul J. Perry, Michael Ellerby, Daryl J. Murry

College of Pharmacy (TUC) Publications and Research

A randomized, double-blind clinical trial was conducted to investigate long-term abuse effects of testosterone cypionate (TC). Thirty-one healthy men were randomized into a dose group of 100, 250, or 500 mg/wk and received 14 weekly injections of TC. A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed to characterize testosterone concentrations and link exposure to change in luteinizing hormone and spermatogenesis following long-term TC administration. A linear one-compartment model best described the concentration-time profile of total testosterone. The population mean estimates for testosterone were 2.6 kL/day for clearance and 14.4 kL for volume of distribution. Weight, albumin ...


Novel Therapeutic Strategies For Treatment Of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Matthew A. Ingersoll 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Novel Therapeutic Strategies For Treatment Of Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer, Matthew A. Ingersoll

Theses & Dissertations

Prostate cancer (PCa) remains the most commonly diagnosed solid tumor and is the third leading cause of cancer-related death in United States men. While androgen deprivation therapy is the current standard-of-care treatment for metastatic PCa, most patients eventually relapse and develop castration-resistant (CR) tumors, for which there is currently no effective treatment. Therefore, synthesis of novel therapeutic agents and identification of alternative target proteins are necessary to improve treatment. Herein, I investigate the efficacy of novel imidazopyridine and statin derivatives as alternative therapeutic compounds. These molecules not only inhibit androgen receptor signaling, but also block activation of the AKT axis ...


Effects Of Prenatal Bisphenol A Exposure On Adrenal Gland Development And Steroidogenic Function, Samantha Medwid 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Prenatal Bisphenol A Exposure On Adrenal Gland Development And Steroidogenic Function, Samantha Medwid

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Developmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine disrupting chemical, is associated with organ dysfunction and diseases in adulthood. However, little is known about its effects on the adrenal glands. Therefore, this thesis addresses this important question using both in vivo and in vitro approaches. BPA at environmentally relevant doses was administrated via diet to pregnant mice from embryonic day 7.5 to birth, following which mice were switched to a standard chow. At two months postnatally, adrenal glands and blood samples were collected from adult mouse offspring for structural and functional analysis. I found that: (a) BPA increased ...


B-Type Natriuretic Peptide: A Predictor For Mortality, Intensive Care Unit Length Of Stay, And Hospital Length Of Stay In Patients With Resolving Sepsis, H Singh, D Ramai, H Patel, M Iskandir, S Sachdev, R Rai, J Patolia, Getaw Hassen 2017 New York Medical College

B-Type Natriuretic Peptide: A Predictor For Mortality, Intensive Care Unit Length Of Stay, And Hospital Length Of Stay In Patients With Resolving Sepsis, H Singh, D Ramai, H Patel, M Iskandir, S Sachdev, R Rai, J Patolia, Getaw Hassen

NYMC Faculty Publications

Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a hormone secreted by cardiomyocytes in response to myocardial ischemia, increased ventricular wall tension, and overload. BNP is utilized as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in congested heart failure (CHF). Its prognostic value in sepsis is unknown. The aim of this study is to determine if BNP correlates with increased in-hospital mortality for septic patients. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 505 patients admitted for sepsis or severe sepsis or septic shock during the period of January 2013 and August 2014. Patients that received > 3 L of intravenous fluids on presentation were included ...


Novel Androgen Receptor Splice Variant In The Substantia Nigra, Jo Garza Contreras 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth

Novel Androgen Receptor Splice Variant In The Substantia Nigra, Jo Garza Contreras

Theses and Dissertations

Testosterone can increase calcium influx and cell death in dopamine neurons via a putative membrane androgen receptor (mAR). The mAR induced calcium increase may be due to activation of G-proteins involved in calcium mobilization. Previous studies using an N-terminal targeted androgen receptor (AR) antibody yielded low AR expression in dopamine neurons. Studies in our lab show high AR expression using a C-terminal targeted AR antibody. This difference in expression may be due to an AR variant.

We hypothesize an AR variant is present in the membrane of dopaminergic neurons and associated with G proteins.

To identify the presence of AR ...


Hoxc11 Impacts Steroidal Adaptability In Aromatase Inhibitor Resistance By Up-Regulating The Androgen Receptor, Azlena Ali Beegan 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Hoxc11 Impacts Steroidal Adaptability In Aromatase Inhibitor Resistance By Up-Regulating The Androgen Receptor, Azlena Ali Beegan

PhD theses

Introduction

Aromatase Inhibitors (AI) are the gold-standard treatment of postmenopausal breast cancer. They inhibit the conversion of androgens to estrone by CYP19 thereby blocking ligand-dependent activation of the estrogen receptor (ER). Research from our lab has identified the homeobox protein, HOXC11, as an indicator of poor response to endocrine therapy and metastases development. We aim to investigate the role of the HOXC11 target gene prosaposin (PSAP) in aromatase inhibitor resistance and assess the impact of PSAP and androgen receptor (AR) on clinical outcome.

Methods

RNA-sequencing was performed to identify HOXC11 target genes in endocrine-resistant breast cancer. Molecular biology techniques were ...


The Foxo Transcription Factor Controls Insect Growth And Development By Regulating Juvenile Hormone Degradation In The Silkworm, Bombyx Mori, Baosheng Zeng, Yuping Huang, Jun Xu, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Hua Bai, Subba Reddy Palli, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan 2017 Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The Foxo Transcription Factor Controls Insect Growth And Development By Regulating Juvenile Hormone Degradation In The Silkworm, Bombyx Mori, Baosheng Zeng, Yuping Huang, Jun Xu, Takahiro Shiotsuki, Hua Bai, Subba Reddy Palli, Yongping Huang, Anjiang Tan

Entomology Faculty Publications

Forkhead box O (FOXO) functions as the terminal transcription factor of the insulin signaling pathway and regulates multiple physiological processes in many organisms, including lifespan in insects. However, how FOXO interacts with hormone signaling to modulate insect growth and development is largely unknown. Here, using the transgene-based CRISPR/Cas9 system, we generated and characterized mutants of the silkworm Bombyx mori FOXO (BmFOXO) to elucidate its physiological functions during development of this lepidopteran insect. The BmFOXO mutant (FOXO-M) exhibited growth delays from the first larval stage and showed precocious metamorphosis, pupating at the end of the fourth instar (trimolter) rather than ...


The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin Ajala 2017 Georgia State University

The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin Ajala

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


An Estradiol-Inducible Promoter Enables Fast, Graduated Control Of Gene Expression In Fission Yeast, Makoto J. Ohira, David G. Hendrickson, R. Scott McIsaac, Nicholas R. Rhind 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Estradiol-Inducible Promoter Enables Fast, Graduated Control Of Gene Expression In Fission Yeast, Makoto J. Ohira, David G. Hendrickson, R. Scott Mcisaac, Nicholas R. Rhind

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe lacks a diverse toolkit of inducible promoters for experimental manipulation. Available inducible promoters suffer from slow induction kinetics, limited control of expression levels and/or a requirement for defined growth medium. In particular, no S. pombe inducible promoter systems exhibit a linear dose response, which would allow expression to be tuned to specific levels. We have adapted a fast, orthogonal promoter system with a large dynamic range and a linear dose response, based on β-estradiol-regulated function of the human estrogen receptor, for use in S. pombe. We show that this promoter system, termed Z3 ...


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