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The Validity And Reliability Of The Mi Band Wearable Device For Measuring Steps And Heart Rate, Chloe Paradiso, Francisco Colino, sam liu 2020 University of Victoria

The Validity And Reliability Of The Mi Band Wearable Device For Measuring Steps And Heart Rate, Chloe Paradiso, Francisco Colino, Sam Liu

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 689-701, 2020. The study objectives were to 1) evaluate the criterion validity and reliability of the Mi Band 2 wearable activity monitor to measure steps during a six-minute walk test (6MWT), a treadmill walking test at various speed (1.28 km/h, 1.92 km/h, and 2.88 km/h) and a stair climbing test; 2) assess the validity and reliability of the monitor to measure heart rate during rest and exercise. Fourteen participants (females: n = 8; mean age ± SD: 23 ± 4.2) completed the study. The mean body mass index was ...


The Effect Of Beetroot Supplementation On High-Intensity Functional Training Performance, Sean Collins, Danielle Kearns 2020 University of Lynchburg

The Effect Of Beetroot Supplementation On High-Intensity Functional Training Performance, Sean Collins, Danielle Kearns

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 667-676, 2020. Nitrate supplementation (NO3-) has been shown to improve athletic performance for short-duration, vigorous activity, as well as long-duration, aerobic activity. The purpose was to explore the effects of beetroot supplementation (BR) on high-intensity functional training (HIFT) performance. Twenty-four HIFT participants (25 ± 6.5 years, 175.17 ± 8.1 cm, 84.94 ± 12.09 kg), who attended HIFT classes at least 3 days per week for the past 3 months, performed a benchmark performance test (5 rounds of a 400-m run followed by 15 overhead squats with a 95-lb (for males ...


Influence Of Fatigue On Planned Agility Performance In Soccer Players., Sofia K. Jakobsson, Tal Amasay 2020 Barry University

Influence Of Fatigue On Planned Agility Performance In Soccer Players., Sofia K. Jakobsson, Tal Amasay

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(1): 656-666, 2020. We investigated the acute fatiguing effects of sprint interval training (SIT) on change of direction performance in male and female soccer players. A T-test was performed once before (PRE) and twice following (POST 1 and POST 2) the completion of four sets of 4 s cycle ergometer sprints protocol. The sprint intervals were separated by 25 s active recovery. POST 1 was performed approximately 25 s following the final cycle sprint and POST 2 began two minutes after completing POST 1. Repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc tests were used ...


Three Weeks Of Detraining Does Not Decrease Muscle Thickness, Strength Or Sport Performance In Adolescent Athletes, Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver J. Quittmann, Helen Bauhaus, Thorsten Schiffer 2020 IST University of Applied Sciences

Three Weeks Of Detraining Does Not Decrease Muscle Thickness, Strength Or Sport Performance In Adolescent Athletes, Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver J. Quittmann, Helen Bauhaus, Thorsten Schiffer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(6): 633-644, 2020. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of detraining following a block (BLOCK) or daily undulating periodized (DUP) resistance training (RT) on hypertrophy, strength, and athletic performance in adolescent athletes. Twenty-one males (age = 16 ± 0.7 years; range 15-18 years) were randomly assigned to one of two 12-week intervention groups (three full-body RT sessions per week): BLOCK (n = 9); DUP (n = 12). Subsequently a three-week detraining period was applied. Body mass, fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM), muscle mass, muscle thickness (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis and triceps brachii ...


Momentum During A Running Competition: A Sequential Explanatory Mixed-Methods Study, Vincent Gosselin Boucher, Sandra Pelaez, Andrée-Anne Parent, Jacques Plouffe, Alain Steve Comtois 2020 Department of Psychology, University of Quebec at Montreal, Montreal, Qc, Canada

Momentum During A Running Competition: A Sequential Explanatory Mixed-Methods Study, Vincent Gosselin Boucher, Sandra Pelaez, Andrée-Anne Parent, Jacques Plouffe, Alain Steve Comtois

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(5): 615-632, 2020. The purpose of this study was to better understand the psychological momentum (PM) in varsity cross-country competitive runners during a 3000 m selection trials. A sequential explanatory mixed methods design was used: recruitment trial race day (quantitative) and interview day (qualitative + maximal aerobic running speed [MARS]). Sample was consisted of fifteen university distance runners (n = six women [25.9 ± 7.0 years old; 22.2 ± 1.8 BMI] and nine men [23.2 ± 2.4 years old; 22.6 ± 1.6 BMI]). During the recruitment trial race, athletes’ MARS was measured ...


The Increase In Oxygen Demand During Severe Intensity Exercise Must Be Included In Calculation Of Oxygen Deficit, Andrea E. Riojas, Jose R. Valenzuela, Brian K. McFarlin, Jakob L. Vingren, David W. Hill 2020 University of North Texas

The Increase In Oxygen Demand During Severe Intensity Exercise Must Be Included In Calculation Of Oxygen Deficit, Andrea E. Riojas, Jose R. Valenzuela, Brian K. Mcfarlin, Jakob L. Vingren, David W. Hill

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 645-655, 2020. A contentious element in the traditional method of calculating accumulated oxygen deficit (AOD) is the assumption that the oxygen demand remains constant throughout a bout of exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the appropriateness of this assumption. Twelve women and eight men volunteered for the study and completed cycle ergometer tests that resulted in exhaustion after ~4 min and ~8 min. In each test, AOD was calculated by subtracting accumulated oxygen uptake (in mL∙kg–1) from estimated total oxygen cost (in mL∙kg–1), which was estimating ...


Relationships Between Playing Time And Selected Nba Combine Test Performance In Division I Mid-Major Basketball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Aleksander Beljic, Spencer Ducheny, Joseph Kammerer, J. Jay Dawes 2020 California State University, Fullerton

Relationships Between Playing Time And Selected Nba Combine Test Performance In Division I Mid-Major Basketball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Aleksander Beljic, Spencer Ducheny, Joseph Kammerer, J. Jay Dawes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 583-596, 2020. There has been limited analyses of DI mid-major male basketball players, and no analyses of relationships between athletic abilities and playing time in this population. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe and compare backcourt and frontcourt players from one mid-major team and (2) determine if there were relationships between playing time (total minutes, total games played, minutes per game) and select tests from the NBA Combine (height, body mass, standing reach, and wingspan; countermovement [VJ] and approach [AppVJ vertical jump], lane agility drill, ¾ court sprint, and 83 ...


High Supervised Resistance Training In Elderly Women: The Role Of Supervision Ratio, Denis Cesar Leite Vieira, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, Vitor Tajra, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Darlan Lopes de Farias, Ramires Tibana, Alessandro Oliveira Silva, Thiago Santos Rosa, Milton Rocha Moraes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli, James W. Navalta, Jonato Prestes 2020 Catholic University of Brasilia

High Supervised Resistance Training In Elderly Women: The Role Of Supervision Ratio, Denis Cesar Leite Vieira, Dahan Da Cunha Nascimento, Vitor Tajra, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Darlan Lopes De Farias, Ramires Tibana, Alessandro Oliveira Silva, Thiago Santos Rosa, Milton Rocha Moraes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli, James W. Navalta, Jonato Prestes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(3): 597-606, 2020. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of very high supervision (VHS-RT) versus high supervision (HS-RT) ratio resistance training (RT) on irisin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BNDF), muscle strength, functional capacity, and body composition in elderly women. Participants performed daily undulating periodized RT over 16 weeks with two different supervision ratios: VHS-RT at 1:2 (supervisor/subject) or HS-RT at 1:5. Serum was used to analyze brain derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) and irisin by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Body composition was evaluated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, while functional ...


Acute Ultraviolet Light Exposure And Post-Resistance Exercise Serum Testosterone: A Pilot Study In Older Men, Shayan Emamjomeh, Luis E. Segura, Joshua A. Cotter, Evan E. Schick 2020 California State University, Long Beach

Acute Ultraviolet Light Exposure And Post-Resistance Exercise Serum Testosterone: A Pilot Study In Older Men, Shayan Emamjomeh, Luis E. Segura, Joshua A. Cotter, Evan E. Schick

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 607-614, 2020. Testosterone deficiency is linked to a multitude of conditions including depression, sexual dysfunction, and cognitive impairment. Although synthetic testosterone-boosting pharmaceuticals have gained wide use, recent data suggests that vitamin D, ingested orally, may positively impact serum testosterone. Furthermore, evidence tying ultraviolet (UV) light exposure to endogenous vitamin D synthesis presents an intriguing possibility for naturally enhancing serum testosterone. This investigation sought to determine the effect of acute UV light exposure on resistance exercise-induced acute testosteronemia and vitamin D in older men. Six older adult men of varying activity levels (age 62 ...


Cryoem Structure Of Ctbp2 Confirms Tetrameric Architecture, Anne M. Jecrois, M. Michael Dcona, Xiaovan Deng, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay, Steven R. Grossman, Celia A. Schiffer, William E. Royer 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cryoem Structure Of Ctbp2 Confirms Tetrameric Architecture, Anne M. Jecrois, M. Michael Dcona, Xiaovan Deng, Dipankar Bandyopadhyay, Steven R. Grossman, Celia A. Schiffer, William E. Royer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

C-terminal binding proteins 1 and 2 (CtBP1 and CtBP2) are transcriptional regulators that activate or repress many genes involved in cellular development, apoptosis and metastasis. CtBP proteins are activated under hypoxic conditions where NAD(H) levels tend to be higher. NADH-dependent activation of CtBP2 has direct implication in multiple types of cancers and poor patient prognosis. Previous studies have proposed dimeric CtBP as the relevant oligomeric state, however our studies with multi-angle light scattering have shown that the primary effect of NADH binding is to promote the assembly of two CtBP dimers into tetramers. Here, we present the cryoEM structures ...


Efficiency Of The Wilks And Ipf Formulas At Comparing Maximal Strength Regardless Of Bodyweight Through Analysis Of The Open Powerlifting Database, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Marc-Olivier Allard, Alain-Steve Comtois 2020 University of Quebec at Montreal

Efficiency Of The Wilks And Ipf Formulas At Comparing Maximal Strength Regardless Of Bodyweight Through Analysis Of The Open Powerlifting Database, Pierre-Marc Ferland, Marc-Olivier Allard, Alain-Steve Comtois

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 567-582, 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the efficiency of the Wilks and International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) Formulas at comparing powerlifting performance (total) between weight classes of the same sex (men and women) and division (classic and equipped) in order to determine the champion of champions. The Open Powerlifting database was downloaded (June 21st, 2019), filtered (Python) and analyzed (IBM SPSS). Single factor ANOVA revealed that the total (kg) was able to compare 3 out of the 98 weight class comparison possibilities (3.1%), the total ratio was able to ...


Comparison Of Post-Activation Potentiating Stimuli On Jump And Sprint Performance, Aaron D. Piper, Dustin P. Joubert, Eric J. Jones, Malcolm T. Whitehead 2020 Michael Johnson Performance

Comparison Of Post-Activation Potentiating Stimuli On Jump And Sprint Performance, Aaron D. Piper, Dustin P. Joubert, Eric J. Jones, Malcolm T. Whitehead

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(4): 539-553, 2020. Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon characterized by improved muscle performance based on the previous contractile activity of the muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of different potentiating stimuli on jump and sprint performance in 13 resistance trained, college-aged men and women. After determining back squat 1 repetition max, subjects returned for testing on separate days to complete one of four interventions (dynamic resistance, weighted plyometric, isometric, or control) in a randomized order. A standardized warmup was performed, followed by a baseline countermovement jump (CMJ) and ...


Effect Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise On Whole-Body Fat Oxidation And Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Cell Signaling In Overweight Women, Hashim Islam, Marysa M.W. Smith, Trisha D. Scribbans, Emma McCrady, Laura N. Castellani, Matti D. Allen, David C. Wright, Craig A. Simpson, Brendon J. Gurd 2020 Queen's University

Effect Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise On Whole-Body Fat Oxidation And Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Cell Signaling In Overweight Women, Hashim Islam, Marysa M.W. Smith, Trisha D. Scribbans, Emma Mccrady, Laura N. Castellani, Matti D. Allen, David C. Wright, Craig A. Simpson, Brendon J. Gurd

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 554-566, 2020. Exercise-induced alterations in adipose tissue insulin and/or β-adrenergic signaling may contribute to increases in whole-body fat oxidation following acute exercise. Thus, we examined changes in insulin (Akt, AS160) and β-adrenergic (PKA) signaling proteins in subcutaneous adipose tissue and whole-body fat oxidation in overweight women following acute high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE). Overweight females completed two experimental sessions in a randomized order: 1) control (bed rest) and 2) HIIE (10 x 4 min running intervals at 90% HRmax, 2-min recovery). Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue biopsies were obtained from 10 participants before ...


The Effects Of Machine-Weight And Free-Weight Resistance Exercise On Hemodynamics And Vascular Function, Erica M. Marshall, Jason C. Parks, Yu Lun Tai, J. Derek Kingsley 2020 Kent State University

The Effects Of Machine-Weight And Free-Weight Resistance Exercise On Hemodynamics And Vascular Function, Erica M. Marshall, Jason C. Parks, Yu Lun Tai, J. Derek Kingsley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 13(2): 526-538, 2020. The purpose of this study was to examine hemodynamic and vascular responses between machine-weight and free-weight exercise. Resistance-trained individuals were assigned to a machine-weight (n= 13) or free-weight (n= 15) group. Groups completed two visits consisting of their assigned exercise condition and a control (CON). A 2 x 2 x 3 repeated measures ANOVA was used to test the effects of group across condition and time on the hemodynamic parameters [cardiac output (CO), heart rate (HR), total peripheral resistance (TPR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and stroke volume (SV)]. A 2 x ...


Deconstructing Circadian Disruption: Assessing The Contribution Of Reduced Peripheral Oscillator Amplitude On Obesity And Glucose Intolerance In Mice, Vincent van der Vinne, Blanca Martin Burgos, Mary E. Harrington, David R. Weaver 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Deconstructing Circadian Disruption: Assessing The Contribution Of Reduced Peripheral Oscillator Amplitude On Obesity And Glucose Intolerance In Mice, Vincent Van Der Vinne, Blanca Martin Burgos, Mary E. Harrington, David R. Weaver

Neurobiology Publications

Disturbing the circadian regulation of physiology by disruption of the rhythmic environment is associated with adverse health outcomes but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Here, the response of central and peripheral circadian clocks to an advance or delay of the light-dark cycle was determined in mice. This identified transient damping of peripheral clocks as a consequence of an advanced light-dark cycle. Similar depression of peripheral rhythm amplitude was observed in mice exposed to repeated phase shifts. To assess the metabolic consequences of such peripheral amplitude depression in isolation, temporally chimeric mice lacking a functional central clock (Vgat-Cre(+) Bmal1(fl/fl ...


Evaluation Of Balance And A Timed Walk On Ankle Brachial Pressure Index And Potential Blood Measures Of Cardiovascular Health, Hannah M. Twiddy, Patrick B. Wilson, Leyrn Reynolds 2020 Old Dominion University

Evaluation Of Balance And A Timed Walk On Ankle Brachial Pressure Index And Potential Blood Measures Of Cardiovascular Health, Hannah M. Twiddy, Patrick B. Wilson, Leyrn Reynolds

College of Education & Professional Studies (Darden) Posters

Clinicians are focused on ways to preserve function, independence, and quality of life in the aging adult population. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S.[1]. Thus, assessing the extent of this disease is a high priority in preserving health throughout the lifespan. When determining risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease, functional assessments are recognized as a way to embed function-focused care into assessing disease risk [2]. Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) is a non-invasive reliable predictor for identifying cardiovascular disease risk and mortality [3]. Thus, the purpose was to evaluate the association between functional assessments and ...


The Effects Of Physical Exercise On Salivary Microrna Levels, Thomas R. Campbell, Jessica C. Martinez, Noah L. Robertson, Felicia G. Clements, Emily N. Valle, Wyclef Etiennet, Audrey C. Ferguson, Klye J. Kelleran 2020 Old Dominion University

The Effects Of Physical Exercise On Salivary Microrna Levels, Thomas R. Campbell, Jessica C. Martinez, Noah L. Robertson, Felicia G. Clements, Emily N. Valle, Wyclef Etiennet, Audrey C. Ferguson, Klye J. Kelleran

College of Health Sciences Posters

Diagnosing concussions provides challenges for healthcare professionals due to current diagnostic protocols utilizing subjective input from patients. Recent studies have shown relationships between specific salivary microRNA levels and concussions, but it is unknown if this is due to concussive forces or physical exertion. Analysis of this distinction may contribute to further confirming the relationship of concussions and microRNA, improving techniques for objective assessments of concussion. Objective: To measure the effects of physical exertion through exercise on specific salivary microRNA. Methods: Twenty non-intercollegiate athletes (10:M, 10:F) were recruited for this case series. After ensuring the participants received a minimum ...


Use Of A Novel Whole-Body Imaging Approach To Predict Resting Metabolic Rates In Athletes, Nicole Vencil 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Use Of A Novel Whole-Body Imaging Approach To Predict Resting Metabolic Rates In Athletes, Nicole Vencil

Public Access Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Prediction of energy expenditure allows for calculation of appropriate energy requirements, which is especially important for athletes. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) is the greatest contributor to total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and is typically measured via indirect calorimetry. Indirect calorimetry is not always available, which results in the need for predictive equations. Most predictive equations have been developed with participants resembling the general population and have not been found to be appropriate for athletes, as they may incorrectly predict RMR due to the unique differences of body composition between athletes and the general population. The purpose of the present study ...


Expression Profiling And Mutant Analysis Reveal Complex Regulatory Networks Involved In Arabidopsis Response To Biotic, Abiotic And Hormonal Stresses, Arjun Sham Valiyaveettil Shamgopal 2020 United Arab Emirates University

Expression Profiling And Mutant Analysis Reveal Complex Regulatory Networks Involved In Arabidopsis Response To Biotic, Abiotic And Hormonal Stresses, Arjun Sham Valiyaveettil Shamgopal

Philosophy Dissertations

Biotic and abiotic stress factors consistently threaten during different stages of the plant’s life cycle. A complex network of signaling molecules is required to overcome stresses, which is linked to general physiological and molecular processes. Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic fungal pathogen that causes grey mold disease on many crops. Apart from B. cinerea, several biotic, abiotic, and hormonal stresses have detrimental effects on plant growth and productivity. The aim of this study is to identify the genetic regulations of individual stress types using comparative microarray analyses, and to find out the role of differentially expressed genes in Arabidopsis- ...


Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Relation Of Flt-1 And Endothelial Function In Women Soon After Delivery: Effect Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Behavior, Chloe W. Caudell

Senior Theses

Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) are believed to be caused by poor placental formation. APOs can be characterized by elevated levels of a circulating Fms-like tyrosine kinase biomarker called Flt-1, produced by the placenta when its blood vessels are shallow or inadequately formed. Flt-1 acts directly on the maternal endothelium to impair vascular function during pregnancy and contributes to maternal features of APOs. This study aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and endothelial function in women soon after delivery. This study also aimed to evaluate the relation of Flt-1 and physical activity and sedentary behavior in women during and soon ...


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