The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, 2017 Dominican University of California
The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey
Senior Theses and Capstone Projects
Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...
Removal Of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds Using Membrane Bioreactor, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Removal Of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds Using Membrane Bioreactor, Mohanad Ali Abdulsahib Kamaz
Theses and Dissertations
The presence of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) and pharmaceutically active compounds (PhAC) such as pesticides, personal care products, antibiotics and pharmaceutical compounds, in sewage, industrial, and domestic waters has extensively become the major concern for health and environmental organizations. These compounds have the ability to interact with mammalian endocrine system and disrupting their functions. The traditional activated sludge processes are designed to degrade solids, organic carbon and nitrogen loading. Although several treatment steps in a wastewater treatment plant can contribute to partial removal of EDCs, effective removal has been a challenge due to their resistant chemical and biological degradation and ...
Endocrine And Metabolic Effects Of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical And Clinical Studies", 2017 University of California, Davis
Endocrine And Metabolic Effects Of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical And Clinical Studies", Peter Havel
Science Seminar Series
Peter J. Havel of the School of Veterinary Medicine at UC Davis will speak on his research on Endocrine and Metabolic Effects of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Preclinical and clinical studies at this Science Seminar Series lecture.
The Dangers Of Fat Metabolism And Pufa: Why You Don’T Want To Be A Fat Burner, 2017 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway
The Dangers Of Fat Metabolism And Pufa: Why You Don’T Want To Be A Fat Burner, Kyle J. Mamounis
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
The Impact Of Various Predator Perceptions On Stress Response And Spatial Memory In Birds, 2017 The University of Western Ontario
The Impact Of Various Predator Perceptions On Stress Response And Spatial Memory In Birds, Chlöe S. N. Carter
Western Research Forum
The Impact of Various Predator Perceptions on Stress Response and Spatial Memory in Birds
This project will explore the impact of environmental stressors on the cognitive abilities of birds. Predator perception has been demonstrated to elicit a stress response by elevating stress hormones which can alter the behaviour of birds. The aim of this study is to observe if chronic stress from differently perceived threats of predation in an individual’s environment will lead to differences in the spatial memory abilities in two species of birds. I predict that chronic stress resulting from predator stimuli will impair the bird ...
Amh/Mis As A Contraceptive That Protects The Ovarian Reserve During Chemotherapy, 2017 Massachusetts General Hospital
Amh/Mis As A Contraceptive That Protects The Ovarian Reserve During Chemotherapy, Motohiro Kano, Amanda E. Sosulski, Lihua Zhang, Hatice D. Saatcioglu, Dan Wang, Nicholas Nagykery, Mary E. Sabatini, Guangping Gao, Patricia K. Donahoe, David Pepin
Open Access Articles
The ovarian reserve represents the stock of quiescent primordial follicles in the ovary which is gradually depleted during a woman's reproductive lifespan, resulting in menopause. Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) (or anti-Mullerian hormone/AMH), which is produced by granulosa cells of growing follicles, has been proposed as a negative regulator of primordial follicle activation. Here we show that long-term parenteral administration of superphysiological doses of MIS, using either an adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9) gene therapy vector or recombinant protein, resulted in a complete arrest of folliculogenesis in mice. The ovaries of MIS-treated mice were smaller than those in controls ...
The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On The Stress Axis And Neurobehavior, 2017 University of Kentucky
The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On The Stress Axis And Neurobehavior, Thitinart Sithisarn
Theses and Dissertations--Physiology
Opiate addiction is now a major public health problem. Pregnant women continue to use opiates during gestation; up to 5.4% of pregnant women report using illicit drugs during pregnancy. Previous studies have shown that perinatal insults and exposure to opiates such as morphine in utero can affect the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis of the offspring and are associated with higher risk of developing neurobehavioral problems. Oxycodone, a semisynthetic putative kappa opioid receptor and partial mu opioid receptor agonist is now one of the most frequently abused pain killers during pregnancy, however limited data are available regarding whether ...
Assessing For Awareness And Knowledge Regarding Diabetes In Pre-Diabetes Obese Patients, 2017 Walden University
Assessing For Awareness And Knowledge Regarding Diabetes In Pre-Diabetes Obese Patients, Remona Lysa Brown
Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies
Over the past few decades, there has been an increase in prevalence of diabetes in the United States. Prevention of diabetes and improving patients' knowledge and awareness of diabetes are crucial for healthcare providers. Using the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a theoretical foundation, the student used the National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to improve awareness and knowledge of diabetes among obese individuals with prediabetes. The key research question of this project was to determine whether the patients' diabetes knowledge and awareness improved after the NDPP program. A convenience sample of ...
Glucocorticoids And Parental Effort In Tree Swallows (Tachycineta Bicolor), 2017 University of Montana
Glucocorticoids And Parental Effort In Tree Swallows (Tachycineta Bicolor), Mackenzie Prichard
Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers
All vertebrates respond to stressful situations through the release of hormones called glucocorticoids (CORT). These hormones alter processes within the body to prioritize long term survival over immediate reproduction. It is hypothesized that this is helps individuals survive until conditions become more favorable for successful reproduction. Historically, stress was hypothesized to primarily to pull organisms out of reproductive life history stages when unfavorable conditions made offspring survival slim (otherwise known as the “CORT-tradeoff hypothesis”). However, recent evidence suggests that birds actively feeding nestlings show elevated CORT levels, possibly due to the increased metabolic demands of parenthood. This relationship has been ...
Regulation Of Angiogenesis By Insulin-Like Growth Factor In The Bovine Corpus Luteum: A Preliminary Study, 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham
Regulation Of Angiogenesis By Insulin-Like Growth Factor In The Bovine Corpus Luteum: A Preliminary Study, Sarah M. Piet
Honors Theses and Capstones
In the ovary, growth of a new vascular network, or angiogenesis, is a hallmark of corpus luteum (CL) development. This process requires several angiogenic factors and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Recently, we reported the expression of an angiogenic inducer, Cysteine rich 61-Connective tissue growth factor-Nephroblastoma overexpressed (CCN1), in the bovine CL. However, it is not known how CCN1 is regulated in the CL. Therefore, the goals of the present study were 1) to determine the regulation of CCN1 by insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) during the early (Day 4), mid (Day 8), and late (Day 16) stages ...
Inflammatory Gene Expression In Women Diagnosed With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, 2016 Pittsburg State University
Inflammatory Gene Expression In Women Diagnosed With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Myles K. Taylor
Electronic Thesis Collection
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. The pathophysiology of PCOS has conventionally thought to originate from androgen excess. However, recent evidence suggests that androgen excess is a downstream consequence to inflammatory dysregulation and subsequent metabolic abnormalities. Inflammatory mRNA gene expression of TNFa and IL-1ß in mononuclear cells isolated from women diagnosed with PCOS was explored using qPCR. Additionally, the correlations between body mass index (BMI) and fasting glucose on mRNA expression of TNFa and IL-1ß were explored. mRNA expression of both TNFa and IL-1ß were found to be significantly higher in PCOS ...
Glutathione S-Transferase P In Glucose Homeostasis In Mice., 2016 University of Louisville
Glutathione S-Transferase P In Glucose Homeostasis In Mice., Shubha Ghosh Dastidar
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
High calorie diets have fostered the current pandemic of obesity and comorbid conditions of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), systemic insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Hepatic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are dysregulated in obesity, NAFLD and diabetes. The multifunctional GST pi isoform (GSTP) catalyzes acrolein metabolism and inhibits JNK (c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase). The purpose of this study was to test specifically whether GSTP deficiency disturbs glucose homeostasis in mice. Hepatic GST proteins were downregulated by short-term high fat diet (HFD) in wild type (WT) mice concomitant with glucose intolerance, increased hepatic JNK activation and protein-acrolein ...
Using A Mouse Model To Investigate Male Bias In Autism Spectrum Disorder Incidence., 2016 University of Louisville
Using A Mouse Model To Investigate Male Bias In Autism Spectrum Disorder Incidence., Elizabeth Ann Gordon
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The review (Chapter 1) overviews our current understanding of the sex bias in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), whereby males are 4 times more likely to develop the condition. The longstanding uncertainty surrounding the etiology of autism can be informed by inclusion of both sexes in future research to better understand the mechanism responsible for this sex bias. Both clinical studies and animal models are useful tools to elucidate the underlying cause(s) of sexual dimorphic morphological, physiological, and behavioral differences in the ASD phenotype. Sex differences in social behaviors are common across species, underscoring the importance of assessing baseline sex ...
Chrebp Regulates Fructose-Induced Glucose Production Independently Of Insulin Signaling, 2016 Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Cente
Chrebp Regulates Fructose-Induced Glucose Production Independently Of Insulin Signaling, Mi-Sung Kim, Sarah A. Krawczyk, Ludivine Doridot, Alan J. Fowler, Jennifer X. Wang, Sunia A. Trauger, Hye Lim Noh, Hee Joon Kang, John K. Meissen, Matthew Blatnik, Jason K. Kim, Michelle Lai, Mark A. Herman
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
Obese, insulin-resistant states are characterized by a paradoxical pathogenic condition in which the liver appears to be selectively insulin resistant. Specifically, insulin fails to suppress glucose production, yet successfully stimulates de novo lipogenesis. The mechanisms underlying this dysregulation remain controversial. Here, we hypothesized that carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein (ChREBP), a transcriptional activator of glycolytic and lipogenic genes, plays a central role in this paradox. Administration of fructose increased hepatic hexose-phosphate levels, activated ChREBP, and caused glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hepatic steatosis in mice. Activation of ChREBP was required for the increased expression of glycolytic and lipogenic genes as well as ...
Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, 2016 Marshall University, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine
Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone) Supplementation And Its Benefits In Cardiovascular Disease, Osteoporosis, And Cancer, Grant S. Buchanan, Md, Thomas Melvin, Brandon Merritt, Charles Bishop, Md, Franklin D. Shuler, Md, Phd
Franklin D. Shuler
Vitamin K is known to play an essential role in the coagulation cascade; however, a growing body of research has found that a subtype of this vitamin, vitamin K2 (menaquinone) may have a beneficial effect in osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of recent literature regarding menaquinone and its role in human health. This review discusses the physiology of menaquinone, its clinical benefits in cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and cancer, and how it may interact with certain medications. The authors conclude that menaquinone supplementation has been shown to improve carboxylation of ...
Macrophages Are Regulators Of Whole Body Metabolism: A Dissertation, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Macrophages Are Regulators Of Whole Body Metabolism: A Dissertation, Joseph C. Yawe
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Obesity is the top risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in humans. Obese adipose tissue, particularly visceral depots, exhibits an increase in macrophage accumulation and is described as being in a state of chronic low-grade inflammation. It is characterized by the increased expression and secretion of inflammatory cytokines produced by both macrophages and adipocytes, and is associated with the development of insulin resistance. Based on these observations, we investigated the potential role of macrophage infiltration on whole body metabolism, using genetic and diet-induced mouse models of obesity.
Using flow cytometry and immunofluorescence imaging we found that ...
Adipocyte-Specific Hypoxia-Inducible Gene 2 Promotes Fat Deposition And Diet-Induced Insulin Resistance, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Adipocyte-Specific Hypoxia-Inducible Gene 2 Promotes Fat Deposition And Diet-Induced Insulin Resistance, Marina Distefano, Rachel J. Roth Flach, Ozlem Senol-Cosar, Laura V. Danai, Joseph V. Virbasius, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Sezin Dagdeviren, Martin Wabitsch, Olga T. Gupta, Jason K. Kim, Michael P. Czech
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVE: Adipose tissue relies on lipid droplet (LD) proteins in its role as a lipid-storing endocrine organ that controls whole body metabolism. Hypoxia-inducible Gene 2 (Hig2) is a recently identified LD-associated protein in hepatocytes that promotes hepatic lipid storage, but its role in the adipocyte had not been investigated. Here we tested the hypothesis that Hig2 localization to LDs in adipocytes promotes adipose tissue lipid deposition and systemic glucose homeostasis.
METHOD: White and brown adipocyte-deficient (Hig2fl/fl x Adiponection cre+) and selective brown/beige adipocyte-deficient (Hig2fl/fl x Ucp1 cre+) mice were generated to investigate the role of Hig2 in ...
Structural Dichotomy Of The Mind; The Role Of Sexual Neuromodulators, 2016 Carol Davila University, Department of Surgery and Psychiatry
Structural Dichotomy Of The Mind; The Role Of Sexual Neuromodulators, Ion G. Motofei, David L. Rowland
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
The mind (mental function) and sexuality represent two distinct environmental functions, but which are supported within the brain by a common (somatic-autonomic) neurobiological substrate. As a consequence, mental function takes on autonomic characteristics from the sexual-autonomic system (like autonomy, duality), while sexual function takes on features from mental functioning (such as lateralization). In this paper we discuss the lateralized action of two classes of sexual neuromodulators: hormones and pheromones. This process of lateralization is assimilated with the structural dichotomy of the mind.
A relatively similar process but related to informational dichotomy of the mind will be presented in a forthcoming ...
A Test Of The Effects Of Androgens On Immunity: No Relationship Between 11-Keto Testosterone And Immune Performance In Bluegill Sunfish (Lepomis Macrochirus), 2016 The University of Western Ontario
A Test Of The Effects Of Androgens On Immunity: No Relationship Between 11-Keto Testosterone And Immune Performance In Bluegill Sunfish (Lepomis Macrochirus), John W. Loggie
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The posited immunosuppressive effects of androgens are a key component of the immunocompetence handicap hypothesis (ICHH). My thesis uses bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus) to test two predictions arising from this hypothesis: (1) natural concentrations of the androgen 11-keto testosterone (11-KT) will be negatively related with immunity, and (2) an immunochallenge will lower 11-KT concentration. I found no evidence for a relationship between natural 11-KT concentration and measures of immunity (leukocyte counts, respiratory burst, cytokine gene expression), and an immunochallenge with Vibrio vaccine did not affect 11-KT concentration. I performed a meta-analysis of immunochallenge studies to help interpret my results, and ...
Protein Kinase Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase Kinase 4 (Map4k4) Promotes Obesity-Induced Hyperinsulinemia, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Protein Kinase Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase Kinase 4 (Map4k4) Promotes Obesity-Induced Hyperinsulinemia, Rachel J. Roth Flach, Laura V. Danai, Marina Distefano, Mark Kelly, Lorena Garcia Menendez, Agata Jurczyk, Rohit B. Sharma, Dae Young Jung, Jong Hun Kim, Jason K. Kim, Rita Bortell, Laura C. Alonso, Michael P. Czech
Open Access Articles
Previous studies revealed a paradox whereby mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase kinase 4 (Map4k4) acted as a negative regulator of insulin sensitivity in chronically obese mice, yet systemic deletion of Map4k4 did not improve glucose tolerance. Here, we report markedly reduced glucose-responsive plasma insulin and C-peptide levels in whole body Map4k4-depleted mice (M4K4 iKO) as well as an impaired first phase of insulin secretion from islets derived from M4K4 iKO mice ex vivo After long-term high fat diet (HFD), M4K4 iKO mice pancreata also displayed reduced beta cell mass, fewer proliferating beta cells and reduced islet-specific gene mRNA expression compared ...