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Exercise Physiology Commons

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1686 full-text articles. Page 1 of 77.

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. McFarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass 2017 University of Florida

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background When performing two tasks at once, a dual task, performance on one or both tasks typically suffers. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) usually experience larger dual task decrements on motor tasks than healthy older adults (HOA). Our objective was to investigate the decrements in cycling caused by performing cognitive tasks with a range of difficulty in people with PD and HOAs. Methods Twenty-eight participants with Parkinson’s disease and 20 healthy older adults completed a baseline cycling task with no secondary tasks and then completed dual task cycling while performing 12 tasks from six cognitive domains representing a ...


Effects Of Heat Exposure On Body Water Assessed Using Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis And Bioimpedance Spectroscopy, Brett S. Nickerson, Michael R. Esco, Phillip A. Bishop, Brian M. Kliszczewicz, Henry N. Williford, Kyung-Shin Park, Bailey A. Welborn, Ronald L. Snarr, Danilo V. Tolusso 2017 Texas A&M International University

Effects Of Heat Exposure On Body Water Assessed Using Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis And Bioimpedance Spectroscopy, Brett S. Nickerson, Michael R. Esco, Phillip A. Bishop, Brian M. Kliszczewicz, Henry N. Williford, Kyung-Shin Park, Bailey A. Welborn, Ronald L. Snarr, Danilo V. Tolusso

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1085-1093, 2017. The purpose of this study was to determine if heat exposure alters the measures of total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW), and intracellular water (ICW) in both single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). Additionally, we sought to determine if any differences exist between the BIA and BIS techniques before and after brief exposure to heat. Body water was evaluated for twenty men (age=24±4 years) in a thermoneutral environment (22°C) before (PRE) and immediately after (POST) 15 min of passive heating (35°C) in an ...


Repeated Plyometric Exercise Attenuates Blood Glucose In Healthy Adults, Saldiam R. Barillas, Casey M. Watkins, Megan A. Wong, Ian J. Dobbs, David C. Archer, Cameron N. Munger, Andrew J. Galpin, Jared W. Coburn, Lee E. Brown 2017 California State University, Fullerton

Repeated Plyometric Exercise Attenuates Blood Glucose In Healthy Adults, Saldiam R. Barillas, Casey M. Watkins, Megan A. Wong, Ian J. Dobbs, David C. Archer, Cameron N. Munger, Andrew J. Galpin, Jared W. Coburn, Lee E. Brown

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1076-1084, 2017. Plyometric exercise is popular in commercial exercise programs aiming to maximize energy expenditure for weight loss. However, the effect of plyometric exercise on blood glucose is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of relatively high intensity plyometric exercise on blood glucose. Thirteen subjects (6 females age= 21.8 ± 1.0 yrs.; height= 163.7 ± 7.8 cm; mass= 60.8 ± 6.7 kg and 7 males age= 22.0 ± 2.6 yrs.; height= 182.3 ± 3.6 cm; mass= 87.4 ± 12.5 kg) volunteered to ...


Is The Relationship Between Stride Length, Frequency, And Velocity Influenced By Running On A Treadmill Or Overground?, Joshua Paul Bailey, Tiffany Mata, John Mercer Dr. 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Is The Relationship Between Stride Length, Frequency, And Velocity Influenced By Running On A Treadmill Or Overground?, Joshua Paul Bailey, Tiffany Mata, John Mercer Dr.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1067-1075, 2017. The purpose of the study was to compare the relationship between stride length (SL), stride frequency (SF), and velocity while running on a treadmill and overground. Participants (n=10; 22.3±2.6 yrs; 1.71±.08 m; 71.4±15.5 kg) completed a total of 14 runs (7 treadmill, 7 overground) with each run at a different velocity. SL, SF, and velocity data were recorded using wearable technology (Garmin, Fenix2). The outdoor trials occurred first. The treadmill velocities were selected to match the range of velocities used overgroud. SL ...


The Effects Of Resistance Training Volume On Skeletal Muscle Proteome, Ramires A. Tibana, Octávio L. Franco, Gabriel V. Cunha, Nuno M. F Sousa, Ivo V. Sousa Neto, Márcia M. Carvalho, Jeeser Alves de Almeida, James W. Navalta, Mariana O. Lobo, Fabricio A. Voltarelli, Rita C. Marqueti, João L.Q Durigan, Jonato Prestes 2017 Catholic University of Brasilia

The Effects Of Resistance Training Volume On Skeletal Muscle Proteome, Ramires A. Tibana, Octávio L. Franco, Gabriel V. Cunha, Nuno M. F Sousa, Ivo V. Sousa Neto, Márcia M. Carvalho, Jeeser Alves De Almeida, James W. Navalta, Mariana O. Lobo, Fabricio A. Voltarelli, Rita C. Marqueti, João L.Q Durigan, Jonato Prestes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1051-1066, 2017. Studies are conflicting to whether low volume resistance training (RT) is as effective as high-volume RT protocols with respect to promoting morphological and molecular adaptations. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare, using a climbing a vertical ladder, the effects of 8 weeks, 3 times per week, resistance training with 4 sets (RT4), resistance training with 8 sets (RT8) and without resistance training control (CON) on gastrocnemius muscle proteome using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and cross sectional area (CSA) of rats. Fifty-two proteins were identified ...


Energy Cost Of Active And Sedentary Music Video Games: Handheld Gaming Vs. Walking And Sitting, Edwin Miranda, Brittany S. Overstreet, William A. Fountain, Vincent Gutierrez, Michael Kolankowski, Matthew L. Overstreet, Ryan M. Sapp, Christopher A. Wolff, Scott A. Mazzetti Ph.D. 2017 Salisbury University

Energy Cost Of Active And Sedentary Music Video Games: Handheld Gaming Vs. Walking And Sitting, Edwin Miranda, Brittany S. Overstreet, William A. Fountain, Vincent Gutierrez, Michael Kolankowski, Matthew L. Overstreet, Ryan M. Sapp, Christopher A. Wolff, Scott A. Mazzetti Ph.D.

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1038-1050, 2017. To compare energy expenditure during and after active and handheld video game drumming compared to walking and sitting. Ten experienced, college-aged men performed four protocols (one per week): no-exercise seated control (CTRL), virtual drumming on a handheld gaming device (HANDHELD), active drumming on drum pads (DRUM), and walking on a treadmill at ~30% of VO2max (WALK). Protocols were performed after an overnight fast, and expired air was collected continuously during (30min) and after (30min) exercise. DRUM and HANDHELD song lists, day of the week, and time of day were identical ...


A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Melatonin Can Alter Substrate Use During Exercise, Cardyl P. Trionfante, Greggory R. Davis, Tyler M. Farney, Ryan W. Miskowiec, Arnold G. Nelson 2017 Louisiana Sate University

A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Melatonin Can Alter Substrate Use During Exercise, Cardyl P. Trionfante, Greggory R. Davis, Tyler M. Farney, Ryan W. Miskowiec, Arnold G. Nelson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1029-1037, 2017. Notwithstanding the lack of exercise research, several reviews have championed the use of melatonin to combat metabolic syndrome. Therefore, this study compared substrate utilization during a 30-minute (min) graded exercise protocol following the ingestion of either 6 mg melatonin (M) or a placebo (P). Participants (12 women, 12 men) performed stages 1-5 of the Naughton graded exercise protocol (6 min per stage). The protocol was repeated 4 times (2x M, 2x P) at the same time of day with one week separating each session. Expired gases were monitored, VO2 and ...


Nutrient Intake Of Elite Canadian And American Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Heather R. Gerrish, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa LaCroix, Dana Ogan, Robert C. Pritchett, Kelly Pritchett 2017 Central Washington University

Nutrient Intake Of Elite Canadian And American Athletes With Spinal Cord Injury, Heather R. Gerrish, Elizabeth Broad, Melissa Lacroix, Dana Ogan, Robert C. Pritchett, Kelly Pritchett

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1018-1028, 2017. The nutrient needs of athletes with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) are dependent on their physiological alterations and training status. Limited research is available regarding dietary intake of elite athletes with SCI and possible nutrient deficiencies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine dietary intake of elite athletes with SCI, and determine dietary intake inadequacies based on the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) comparisons. Additionally, the average energy and macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) intake was compared based on level of injury (C level, T1-T6, T7-T12, Lumbar). A total of 39 ...


College Student Work Habits Are Related To Physical Activity And Fitness, Jesse Calestine, Melissa Bopp, Christopher M. Bopp, Zack Papalia 2017 Pennsylvania State University

College Student Work Habits Are Related To Physical Activity And Fitness, Jesse Calestine, Melissa Bopp, Christopher M. Bopp, Zack Papalia

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1009-1017, 2017. Despite the known benefits of regular physical activity, research shows a significant decline in physical activity participation and an increase in sedentary behavior during young adulthood during the college years. Studies examining the relationship between academic outcomes and fitness/physical activity have not extensively examined this among college students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fitness measures (cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition), physical activity, and academic outcomes in college students. This cross-sectional study had college students complete a one-time fitness assessment and ...


A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Muscle Sentry® Has No Effect On Performing Repeated Leg Press Sets To Failure, Trezlyn M. Bartschi, David C. Sanders, Tyler M. Farney, Joke Kokkonen, Arnold G. Nelson 2017 Brigham Young University-Hawaii

A Pre-Exercise Dose Of Muscle Sentry® Has No Effect On Performing Repeated Leg Press Sets To Failure, Trezlyn M. Bartschi, David C. Sanders, Tyler M. Farney, Joke Kokkonen, Arnold G. Nelson

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 1000-1008, 2017. This study compared the number of bilateral leg presses done at 150% of body mass while on either Muscle Sentry® (MS) or placebo (PL). Participants (16 women, 14 men, college students 19-26 years) performed 2 sets of leg press to failure using 150% of their body mass with 5 min rest separating the 2 sets. Each exercise was performed twice (1x MS, 1x PL) at the same time of day with 48 h separating each exercise. Both MS and PL were ingested 30 min prior to performing the exercise. Just prior ...


The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Surfing On Exercise Induced Affect, Ryan Pittsinger, Jeff Kress, Jill Crussemeyer 2017 California State University, Long Beach

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Surfing On Exercise Induced Affect, Ryan Pittsinger, Jeff Kress, Jill Crussemeyer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 989-999, 2017. Exercise-induced affect (EIA) has been well documented and is often composed of positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue. Research on EIA has focused on mainstream sports such as running, walking, or cycling; however, no research has evaluated the influence of action sports participation in activities such surfing on EIA. The current study examined the effect of a single 30-min surfing bout on EIA in 107 adult volunteers. An additional purpose was if change in affect was similar based on surfing history, surfing frequency, and surfing skill level. To assess EIA ...


Validity Of Arm-To-Arm Bia Devices Compared To Dxa For Estimating %Fat In College Men And Women, Rebecca A. Rockamann, Emily K. Dalton, Jana L. Arabas, Liz Jorn, Jerry L. Mayhew 2017 Truman State University

Validity Of Arm-To-Arm Bia Devices Compared To Dxa For Estimating %Fat In College Men And Women, Rebecca A. Rockamann, Emily K. Dalton, Jana L. Arabas, Liz Jorn, Jerry L. Mayhew

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 977-988, 2017. Bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) devices are commonly used to estimate percent body fat (%fat), although validation of their accuracy varies widely. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of four commonly used BIA devices compared to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). College-aged men (n = 29, age = 19.7 ± 1.2 y, weight = 76.9 ± 12.5 kg) and women (n = 31, age = 20.5 ± 0.8 y, weight = 61.5 ± 9.2 kg) were evaluated for %fat using four single-frequency (50 mHz) BIA devices and DXA. A gender x ...


Effects Of The Boy Scouts Of America Personal Fitness Merit Badge On Cardio-Metabolic Risk, Health Related Fitness And Physical Activity In Adolescents Boys, Justin Maxwell, Ryan D. Burns, Timothy A. Brusseau 2017 University of Utah

Effects Of The Boy Scouts Of America Personal Fitness Merit Badge On Cardio-Metabolic Risk, Health Related Fitness And Physical Activity In Adolescents Boys, Justin Maxwell, Ryan D. Burns, Timothy A. Brusseau

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 964-976, 2017. A growing number of adolescents are more sedentary and have fewer formal opportunities to participate in physical activity. With the mounting evidence that sedentary time has a negative impact on cardio-metabolic profiles, health related fitness and physical activity, there is a pressing need to find an affordable adolescent physical activity intervention. One possible intervention that has been overlooked in the past is Boy Scouts of America. There are nearly 900,000 adolescent boys who participate in Boy Scouts in the United States. The purpose of this research study was to evaluate ...


Effects Of Flexibility And Balance On Driving Distance And Club Head Speed In Collegiate Golfers, Kelsey J. Marshall 2017 Nebraska Wesleyan University

Effects Of Flexibility And Balance On Driving Distance And Club Head Speed In Collegiate Golfers, Kelsey J. Marshall

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 954-963, 2017. Good balance, flexibility, and strength are all required to maintain a steady stance during the kinematic chain to produce successful golf shots. When the body can produce more power, more club head speed is generated. This formation of power translates into greater distance and accuracy. Athletes today are seeking exercise programs to enhance these qualities of their golf swing. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlations between flexibility and balance with club head speed and driving distance in the golf swing of male and female collegiate golfers. Five ...


Speed- And Circuit-Based High-Intensity Interval Training On Recovery Oxygen Consumption, Lindsay N. Schleppenbach, Andreas B. Ezer, Sarah A. Gronemus, Katelyn R. Widenski, Saori Braun, Jeffery Janot 2017 University of Wisconsin- Eau Claire

Speed- And Circuit-Based High-Intensity Interval Training On Recovery Oxygen Consumption, Lindsay N. Schleppenbach, Andreas B. Ezer, Sarah A. Gronemus, Katelyn R. Widenski, Saori Braun, Jeffery Janot

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 942-953, 2017. Due to the current obesity epidemic in the United States, there is growing interest in efficient, effective ways to increase energy expenditure and weight loss. Research has shown that high-intensity exercise elicits a higher Excess Post-Exercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC) throughout the day compared to steady-state exercise. Currently, there is no single research study that examines the differences in Recovery Oxygen Consumption (ROC) resulting from high-intensity interval training (HIIT) modalities. The purpose of this study is to review the impact of circuit training (CT) and speed interval training (SIT), on ROC in ...


Students’ Perceptions Of An Applied Research Experience In An Undergraduate Exercise Science Course, Regis C. Pearson, K. Jason Crandall, Kathryn Dispennette, Jill M. Maples 2017 Western Kentucky University

Students’ Perceptions Of An Applied Research Experience In An Undergraduate Exercise Science Course, Regis C. Pearson, K. Jason Crandall, Kathryn Dispennette, Jill M. Maples

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(7): 926-941, 2017. Applied research experiences can provide numerous benefits to undergraduate students, however few studies have assessed the perceptions of Exercise Science (EXS) students to an applied research experience. The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to describe the rationale and implementation of an applied research experience into an EXS curriculum and 2) to evaluate EXS undergraduate students’ perceptions of an applied research experience. An EXS measurement course was chosen for implementation of an applied research experience. The applied research experience required groups of students to design, implement, and evaluate a student-led ...


The Influence Of An Environmental Cue And Exercise On Food Consumption In College Students, Samantha J. Hackbart †, James D. LeCheminant‡, John D. Smith‡, Curt L. Lox‡ 2017 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

The Influence Of An Environmental Cue And Exercise On Food Consumption In College Students, Samantha J. Hackbart †, James D. Lecheminant‡, John D. Smith‡, Curt L. Lox‡

Curt Lox

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an environmental cue (bowl size) on food consumption and to examine the influence of exercise on that relationship. This cross-sectional study included 286 college students attending a large Midwestern University. Upon arrival at an ice cream social for university students, participants were randomly given a small (8 oz) or large (12 oz) bowl and a 4-page survey addressing exercise and eating habits. At the social, participants were invited to dish themselves as much ice cream as they wanted and the amount consumed was determined by weighing the bowl with ...


Acute Effects Of Whole-Body Vibration On Lower Extremity Muscle Performance In Persons With Multiple Sclerosis, Kurt Jackson, Harold L. Merriman, Paul M. Vanderburgh, C. Jayne Brahler 2017 University of Dayton

Acute Effects Of Whole-Body Vibration On Lower Extremity Muscle Performance In Persons With Multiple Sclerosis, Kurt Jackson, Harold L. Merriman, Paul M. Vanderburgh, C. Jayne Brahler

Paul M. Vanderburgh

Background and Purpose: Whole-body vibration (WBV) is a relatively new form of exercise training that may influence muscle performance. This study investigated the acute effects of high (26 Hz) and low (2 Hz) frequency WBV on isometric muscle torque of the quadriceps and hamstrings in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). Participants and Method: Fifteen individuals (mean age = 54.6 years, SD = 9.6) with MS and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores ranging from 0-6.5 (mean = 4.2, SD = 2.3) participated in this randomized cross-over study. Following baseline measures of isometric quadricep and hamstring torque, subjects were exposed ...


Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle McHone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh 2017 University of Dayton

Disaggregating The Relative Influence Of Genetic, Environmental And Individual Factors On Lcl And Hdl Cholesterols And Bmi For A Sample Of African American (Aa) Mothers And Daughters, C. Jayne Brahler, Jewel Harden, Michelle Mchone, Matthew Soules, Eric Evans, Ann Alyanak, Fred Diakpieng, Paul M. Vanderburgh

Paul M. Vanderburgh

There are many reports about the associations between blood lipids, body mass index (BMI) and dietary cholesterol intakes both within the individual and between related individuals. The purpose of this descriptive research project was to investigate the relationships between LDL and HDL cholesterols, body mass index and dietary cholesterol intakes for a sample of African American (AA) mothers and their daughters and to attempt to separate the contribution of genetic versus environmental factors. Mother and daughter participants (n =42 and 66, respectively) were 12-14-hours fasted when blood samples were drawn, heights and weights measured, and 24 hour food recalls completed.


The Relationship Between Athletic Identity And Academic Major Chosen By Student-Athletes, Sayvon JL Foster, Matt R. Huml 2017 University of Pittsburgh

The Relationship Between Athletic Identity And Academic Major Chosen By Student-Athletes, Sayvon Jl Foster, Matt R. Huml

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 10(6): 915-925, 2017. This study examines the correlation between athletic identity and academic major selection among intercollegiate student-athletes. A thorough review of literature focusing on academic clustering, athletic identity, and academic development leads to the development of two hypotheses – 1) student-athletes with stronger athletic identity will have a declared major of decreased academic rigor; and 2) student-athletes with stronger athletic identity will be more likely to be undecided on their major. Data were collected through a survey administered to Division I, II, and III student-athletes recording academic major and their Athletic Identity Measurement Scale ...


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