Development And Validation Of The Vending Evaluation For Nutrient-Density (Vend)Ing Audit., 2019 Syracuse University
Development And Validation Of The Vending Evaluation For Nutrient-Density (Vend)Ing Audit., Tanya M Horacek, Elif Dede Yildirim, Melissa Matthews Schreiber, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Sarah E. Colby, Adrienne A White, Karla P. Shelnutt, Melissa D. Olfert, Anne E Mathews, Kristin Riggsbee, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Jesse Morrell, Kendra Kattelmann
Background: This paper describes the development and validation of the Vending Evaluation for Nutrient-Density (VEND)ingaudit to comprehensively evaluate vended products based upon healthfulness, price and promotion, and machine accessibility. Methods: A novel vending nutrient-density score was created to determine the healthfulness of vended snack/beverage products. Field tested in United States colleges, VENDing audit (∑nutrient-density + 10 × % healthy products) and Support sub-scores (price + promotion + accessibility) were calculated for snack/beverage machines. Higher scores indicate more healthful vending options and supports for choosing healthfully. Nutrition Environment Measures Survey-Vending (NEMS-V) was used to validate the nutrient-density score for a sub-sample of machines ...
Development And Testing Of Program Evaluation Instruments For The Icook 4-H Curriculum, 2019 University of Maine
Development And Testing Of Program Evaluation Instruments For The Icook 4-H Curriculum, Douglas R. Mathews, Zachary J. Kunicki, Sarah E. Colby, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Kendra Kattelmann, Melissa D. Olfert, Adrienne A. White
Objective: To develop and test the validity of program outcome evaluation instruments for cooking, eating, and playing together for obesity prevention during iCook 4-H.
Design: Instrument development for both youth and adults through pre-post testing of items newly constructed and compiled to address key curriculum constructs. Testing occurred throughout program intervention and dissemination to determine dimensionality, internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and validity.
Setting: A 5-state out-of-school program in cooperative extension and other community sites.
Participants: Youths aged 9−10 years; adults were main food preparers; the first phase involved 214 dyads and the second phase, 74 dyads.
Main Outcome ...
A Community Based Participatory Approach To Training Young Adults To Design And Implement A Social Marketing Framed Lifestyle Intervention On Their College Campus, Melissa D. Olfert, Makenzie L. Barr, Kristin Riggsbee, Kendra K. Kattelmann, Krista Leischner, Anne E. Mathews, Melissa Vilaro, Sarah E. Colby
Background: Using a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach may increase the likelihood of relevance and acceptability of the designed intervention, especially on a college campus. Furthermore, recruiting and training college students to design a social marketing framed healthy lifestyle intervention for their peers will allow the intervention to be tailored to the needs of the campus. Objectives: To describe the process of online-course training college students to develop a campus-based, social marketing health promotion intervention. Methods: Four universities recruited current college students (18+ y.o.) to develop a social marketing and environmental intervention (SMEI), which was completed during a 16-week ...
An Impact Mapping Method To Generate Robust Qualitative Evaluation Of Community-Based Research Programs For Youth And Adults, 2019 West Virginia University
An Impact Mapping Method To Generate Robust Qualitative Evaluation Of Community-Based Research Programs For Youth And Adults, Melissa D. Olfert, Rebecca L. Hagedorn, Jade A. White, Barbara A. Baker, Sarah E. Colby, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Kendra Kattelmann, Adrienne A. White
Ripple Effect Mapping (REM) is an evaluation approach that has traditionally been used in community settings to visually map the impact of programming and community interventions. This manuscript utilizes the Community Capitals Framework (CCF) to inform REM and to better highlight the changes and impact between various levels of a community, following a childhood obesity prevention intervention. The addition of in-depth qualitative analyses makes this approach particularly useful for the evaluation of interventions with a research–community partnership focus. The objective of this study was to describe a CCF-informed REM approach with detailed protocol, training, and application to the community-based ...
Health Disparities Among South Asians: Is Food Insecurity The Missing Link?, 2019 California State University, San Bernardino
Health Disparities Among South Asians: Is Food Insecurity The Missing Link?, Valentina Chawdhury
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
Objective: Food insecurity among South Asians in the US is a public health issue. Food insecure adults face a plethora of adverse outcomes and research shows that individuals with ancestral origins from South Asia have a higher susceptibility rate for cardiovascular disease after migrating to urban environments. As such, the goal of this study was to research possible barriers South Asians face when creating cultural dishes in the US.
Methods: This was a convergent parallel mixed-methods analysis to understand how South Asians feel about food insecurity. Pricing and availability of cultural food items were obtained from South Asian and Western ...
Expenditure, Coping, And Academic Behaviors Among Food-Insecure College Students At 10 Higher Education Institutes In The Appalachian And Southeastern Regions, Rebecca L. Hagedorn, Laura H. Mcarthur, Lanae B. Hood, Maureen Berner, Elizabeth T. Anderson Steeves, Carol L. Connell, Elizabeth Wall-Bassett, Marsha Spence, Oyinlola Toyin Babatunde, E. Brooke Kelly, Julia F. Waity, J. Porter Lillis, Melissa D. Olfert
A number of studies have measured college student food insecurity prevalence higher than the national average; however, no multicampus regional study among students at 4-y institutions has been undertaken in the Appalachian and Southeast regions of the United States. Objectives
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of food insecurity among college students in the Appalachian and Southeastern regions of the United States, and to determine the association between food-insecurity status and money expenditures, coping strategies, and academic performance among a regional sample of college students. Methods
This regional, cross-sectional, online survey study included 13,642 ...
Weight Loss Following Use Of A Smartphone Food Photo Feature: Retrospective Cohort Study., Daniela Ben Neriah, Allan Geliebter
Lander College of Arts and Sciences Publications and Research
BACKGROUND: Tracking of dietary intake is key to enhancing weight loss. Mobile apps may be useful for tracking food intake and can provide feedback about calories and nutritional value. Recent technological developments have enabled image recognition to identify foods and track food intake.
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the effectiveness of using photography as a feature of a smartphone weight loss app to track food intake in adults who were overweight or obese.
METHODS: We analyzed data from individuals (age, 18-65 years; body mass index≥25 kg/m2; ≥4 days of logged food intake; and ≥2 weigh-ins) who used ...
Increasing Food Security: Developing And Testing A Nutrition Education Curriculum For A Mobile Food Pantry, 2019 James Madison University
Increasing Food Security: Developing And Testing A Nutrition Education Curriculum For A Mobile Food Pantry, Alexandra Lepecha, Kathleen M. Kraft
Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current
Background: The Neighborhood Produce Market (NPM) is a food distribution model similar to a mobile food pantry. NPM stakeholders observed a lack of community engagement and familiarity with produce offered.
Project Description: The objective was to develop a nutrition education curriculum for NPM volunteers to better engage families and community members by providing food samples, recipes, and nutrition education. A stakeholder steering committee guided the needs assessment, curriculum development, volunteer training, and pilot test. The curriculum consisted of food safety, cultural considerations, and nutritional information for nine produce items and food tasting procedures and recipes. Seven student volunteers were trained ...
Pea Growth, Yield, And Quality In Different Crop Rotations And Cultural Practices, 2019 U.S. Department of Agriculture
Pea Growth, Yield, And Quality In Different Crop Rotations And Cultural Practices, Upendra M. Sainju, Andrew W. Lenssen, Brett L. Allen, Jalal D. Jabro, William B. Stevens
Andrew W. Lenssen
Dryland pea (Pisum sativum L.) is an important pulse crop that can replace fallow or be added to existing crop rotations to sustain crop yields in arid and semiarid regions. Yet, we lack management practices to enhance yield and quality of dryland pea. This study evaluated the effect of crop rotation and cultural practices on dryland pea growth, yield, and quality from 2006 to 2011 in the northern Great Plains, USA. Stacked rotations were durum (Triticum turgidum L.)–durum–canola (Brassica napus L.)–pea (DDCP) and durum–durum–flax (Linum usitatissimum L.)–pea (DDFP), and alternate-year rotations were durum–canola ...
Nutritional Composition Of Grain Legume Leaves And The Impact Of Leaf Removal On Yield, 2019 Iowa State University
Nutritional Composition Of Grain Legume Leaves And The Impact Of Leaf Removal On Yield, Rosemary Bulyaba, Andrew W. Lenssen
Andrew W. Lenssen
Grain legumes can thrive in adverse environments, making them a climate-smart technology for hunger mitigation. Although several countries rely immensely on grain legumes to meet daily protein intake requirements per capita, the potentiality of leaf utilization for protein and other nutrients has not been widely considered; additionally, insufficient information is available on leaf removal effects on yield and leaf nutritional composition of grain legumes. A 2-yr experiment was conducted in central Iowa, USA, to determine the effects of leaf removal rates on nutritive value of removed leaf tissue and subsequent grain yield of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.], lablab [Lablab ...
Selective Harvest Methods And Chemical Treatment Of Baled Corn Residue For Utilization In Growing Calf And Dry Cow Diets, 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Selective Harvest Methods And Chemical Treatment Of Baled Corn Residue For Utilization In Growing Calf And Dry Cow Diets, Ashley C. Conway
Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science
Three studies were conducted to evaluate baled corn residue using selective harvest method and anhydrous ammonia treatments to assess utility in growing calf and dry cow diets. Baled corn residue was harvested using conventional rake-and-bale (CONV) method, or harvested using the New Holland Cornrower in which either eight rows (8ROW), or two rows (2ROW) of corn stalks were chopped into the windrow with tailings. Bales were either not treated or ammoniated at 5.5% DM. When fed to wether lambs in a mixed ration (65% residue, 30% wet corn gluten feed) to determine digestibility, the 2ROW residue had greater apparent ...
Beneficial Bugs, 2019 Andrews University
Beneficial Bugs, Winston J. Craig
Lake Union Herald
No abstract provided.
Effect Of Resistant Starch On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal, 2019 University of the Incarnate Word
Effect Of Resistant Starch On The Glycemic Effect Of A Meal, Sofia Maragoudakis
Theses & Dissertations
The purpose of this study was to determine if supplementation of a high glycemic load breakfast with resistant starch attenuates the glycemic response in young healthy adults. Twenty-one subjects, 23.8 + 3.3 yrs, reported for two days of data collection, having fasted 8-12h. On day 1(control), fasting BG was measured using glucometers, then subjects consumed 2 slices white bread and 250mL apple juice within 15min, the repeated BG measurement at 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120min after baseline. Day 2, the protocol was repeated, except that 10g of resistant starch supplement was added to the apple juice. There ...
Food Acquisition Strategies Within Theresienstadt Ghetto: An Analysis Of Oral Testimonies, 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Food Acquisition Strategies Within Theresienstadt Ghetto: An Analysis Of Oral Testimonies, Jaime L. Marquis
Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects
No abstract provided.
The Effect Of Cysteine-Reactive Catechol Antioxidants On Alcohol Dehydrogenase As A Model For Oxidative Stress In Neurodegenerative Disease, Rachel Smith
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The cellular mechanisms underlying age-related neurodegeneration, especially in disease states, are poorly understood. Oxidative stress has been heavily implicated as one factor both produced by and contributing to the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. In particular, it can destroy a cell’s ability to produce energy through aerobic and anaerobic respiration, thus leading to the death of individual cells and brain tissues as a whole. This study focuses on the relationship between oxidative stress and energy production in disease states. In particular, we examine the ability of catechol molecules to take on pro-oxidative properties and modify ...
Redesign, Field-Testing, And Validation Of The Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (Paces) Audit., Tanya M. Horacek, Elif Dede Yildirim, Dean Seidman, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Sarah E. Colby, Adrienne A. White, Karla P. Shelnutt, Melissa D. Olfert, Anne E. Matthews, Kristin Riggsbee, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Jesse Stabile Morrell, Kendra Kattelmann
Health and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications
This paper describes the redesign, field-testing, and convergent validity of a practical tool-Physical Activity Campus Environmental Supports (PACES) audit. Methods. The audit includes two parts: (1) PACES-Programs, which is comprised of questions regarding populations served, fees, programs (recreation/fitness classes and intramurals), proximity, adequacy of facilities, and marketing, and (2) PACES-Facilities, which is comprised of questions regarding built environment (aesthetics, bike racks, stairs, and universal design), recreation equipment, staff, amenities, and access. Each item criterion is specifically scored using a five-point, semantic-differential scale ranging from limited to extensive environmental support. A few questions utilize select all that apply for a ...
Smartphone Ecological Momentary Assessment: Adherence, Stress, And Sleep Study, 2019 University of Connecticut - Storrs
Smartphone Ecological Momentary Assessment: Adherence, Stress, And Sleep Study, David Massabni
Honors Scholar Theses
It is known that lack of sleep correlates with more stress throughout the day. In this unique study, we utilize participants smartphones to complete surveys through a hyperlink via text message. The use of smartphones could help because stress and sleep can only be measured at a moment’s notice. A sample of 8 participants were assessed for Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), College Student’s Stressful Event Checklist (CSSEC) along with their height, weight, and blood pressure at baseline. Next, participants were asked to respond to five scheduled surveys over the next two days where ...
The Functional Food Diet: A Pilot Study, 2019 MaineHealth
The Functional Food Diet: A Pilot Study, Caroline Knight, Ralph Hamill
Maine Medical Center
Background: Recently, several functional foods have been identified which have health benefits beyond providing energy and substrate molecules for cellular chemistry. These foods are effective in reducing fat absorption and lowering lowdensity lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (Asgary, Rasquar, & Keshvari, 2018). In the past, diets low in saturated fat have been found to be ineffective in lowering LDL cholesterol. Statins are capable of lowering LDL cholesterol up to 60% when the latest generation is used at maximal dose (Law, Wald & Rudnicka, 2003). However, some patients do not tolerate statins because of side effects. Evidently, decreasing the LDL lowers the risk of cardiovascular ...
Assessment Of Factors That Impact Hydration Status Of Professional And Collegiate Mascots, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Assessment Of Factors That Impact Hydration Status Of Professional And Collegiate Mascots, Caroline Atwell
Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses
Mascots have unique physical demands and nutrition needs. They exert themselves tremendously on a variety of game days and at practices throughout the week. Hydration is as significant for mascots as it is for any other athlete, yet there is little to no known research available to help this population achieve a good hydration status. Studying similar populations such as cheerleaders, band members, football players, and firefighters provided a better understanding of mascot hydration. The purpose of this study was to examine the level of hydration knowledge in mascots performing at the collegiate and professional levels and determine the different ...
Increasing Low-Income Residents’ Access To Fresh Produce Through A Local Mobile Pantry, 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Increasing Low-Income Residents’ Access To Fresh Produce Through A Local Mobile Pantry, Laura Wasson
Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses
Seeds that Feed (STF) is a mobile food pantry located in Fayetteville, Arkansas. STF receives produce from local farmers to distribute to residents in low-income housing sites throughout Northwest Arkansas. According to Feeding America, food insecurity affected 14.3% Washington County, Arkansas’ population in 2016. The purpose of this study was to determine if STF’s model is an effective way to increase individuals’ access to fresh fruits and vegetables and increase their potential to meet the United States Department of Agriculture’s Food Patterns (USDA-FP) for to fruit and vegetable consumption. Twenty-three participants from three sites completed the study ...