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Human and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Incorporating Physical Activity Into Your Daily Life, Erin Howie 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Incorporating Physical Activity Into Your Daily Life, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Different forms of physical activity, ways to incorporate physical activity into your daily life, things to consider when choosing a fitness monitor & how to workout safely during COVID-19 pandemic.


Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

An introduction to how exercise is medicine and can promote health-related benefits.


Fasting Diets: Are They Safe, Healthy, And Effective?, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens 2020 Utah State University

Fasting Diets: Are They Safe, Healthy, And Effective?, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens

All Current Publications

Diets are commonly prescribed to induce weight loss and reduce the risk of many diseases. Because a standard daily calorie restriction diet is often hard to maintain, other diet alternatives such as fasting diets were created. Fasting diets have been found to be effective, though they may not be any more effective than typical diets. Before beginning a fasting diet, it is best to seek professional medical advice to assess individual risks and circumstances. This fact sheet helps readers learn more about the safety, health, and effectiveness of fasting diets.


Added Sugars: What You Need To Know, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens 2020 Utah State University

Added Sugars: What You Need To Know, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens

All Current Publications

Added sugar has become a hot topic among health professionals and in the media. Based on the best available evidence, health professionals recommend that less than 10% of daily calories come from added sugar (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] & U.S. Department of Agriculture [USDA], 2015c) in order to maintain a balanced diet with all the important nutrients. In this fact sheet, we will address why and how to limit added sugar in your diet, what it is, and where to find it.


Healthy Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Healthy Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Focusing on what is an eating pattern and how to understand and incorporate a healthy eating pattern into everyday life.


Basics Of Nutrition, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Basics Of Nutrition, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Introduces the basics of nutrition.


Introduction To Diet, Food, Exercise, And Nutrition (D-Fend) 2.0, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Introduction To Diet, Food, Exercise, And Nutrition (D-Fend) 2.0, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

An Introduction to project DFEND 2.0!


The Development Of Virtual Reality As A Tool To Investigate Eating Behavior, James Hollis, James H. Oliver 2020 Iowa State University

The Development Of Virtual Reality As A Tool To Investigate Eating Behavior, James Hollis, James H. Oliver

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives: The objective of this study was to a) determine the feasibility of eating in virtual reality (VR) environment while wearing a head mounted display (HMD) and b) determine the effect of eating in a virtual restaurant on food intake, sensory evaluation of the test food and masticatory parameters.


Training Interns In Nutrition And Dietetics: Barriers And Motivators To Being A Preceptor, Andrea Hutchins, Jinette Fellows, Donna M. Winham 2020 University of Colorado at Colorado Springs

Training Interns In Nutrition And Dietetics: Barriers And Motivators To Being A Preceptor, Andrea Hutchins, Jinette Fellows, Donna M. Winham

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives Identify the perceptions and attitudes associated with the preceptor role and incentives that might encourage precepting among nutrition and dietetics professionals in the United States.

Methods A random sample of RDN and NDTR professionals from the Commission on Dietetic Registration credentialed practitioner database were invited to complete an online survey about knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of the preceptor role. The survey was adapted from previous published instruments and validated via external content review, pretesting and post-test evaluation with pilot respondents.

Results A total of 311 of 2464 invited eligible participants completed the survey, yielding a response rate of 12 ...


The Representation Of Food-Related Environments In Virtual Reality, James Hollis, Shelley E. Woodall 2020 Iowa State University

The Representation Of Food-Related Environments In Virtual Reality, James Hollis, Shelley E. Woodall

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives: Virtual reality (VR) potentially provides an innovative tool for nutrition education/counselling. The objective of this study was to determine the a) sense of ‘presence’ (the feeling of being in a scene) experienced in two food related VR scenes b) capture information regarding the participants experiences in VR.


Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella McLoughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk 2020 Iowa State University

Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders learn how to plan, implement, and sustain school wellness programs on their own.

Objective: The present study evaluates the transdisciplinary approaches used in establishing an integrated research-practice partnership with the state-wide 4-H/Extension network to support broader dissemination.

Method: The study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the degree of engagement and ...


Pillars Of The Nutrition Transition: The Global Impacts Of Ultra-Processed Foods And Beverages On Overweight And Obesity And National Nutrient Supplies, Jacob Eaton 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Pillars Of The Nutrition Transition: The Global Impacts Of Ultra-Processed Foods And Beverages On Overweight And Obesity And National Nutrient Supplies, Jacob Eaton

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Malnutrition in some form impacts nearly one-third of the global population. Across the world, countries are undergoing the Үutrition transitionӠfrom traditional and largely unprocessed diets to Western-style, energy-dense diets. At the same time, rates of overweight and obesity and diet-related chronic diseases continue to climb. Ultra-processed foods (UPF), sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), and vegetable oils are three of the foods driving the nutrition transition. This dissertation calculates changes in the global food supply between 1961 and 2013 and quantifies the influence of UPF and SSB (as measured through sales) on national nutrient supplies between 2005 and 2013 and trends in adult ...


An Assessment Of The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Pre- And Post- ‘Sodoto’ Model Of Intervention In The Mobile Teaching Kitchen, Sento Kai Kargbo 2020 Skidmore College

An Assessment Of The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Pre- And Post- ‘Sodoto’ Model Of Intervention In The Mobile Teaching Kitchen, Sento Kai Kargbo

Self-Determined Majors Final Projects

Despite improvements in the overall status of malnutrition in India, the numbers remain alarmingly high. In order to address this problem in rural India, the Need for Nutrition Education/Innovation Program (NNEdPro) Global Center for Health and Nutrition, the Remedy Clinic Study Group in Kolkata, and the Inner Wheel Club for Greater Calcutta launched the Bhavishya Shakti Mobile Teaching Kitchen (MTK) project in two slums in Kolkata, India. The Bhavishya Shakti MTK project seeks to ameliorate the level of malnutrition in rural India by improving diet diversity and awareness through cooking demonstrations of sustainable, nutritious, and affordable meals. Locally trained ...


Microbiome Diversity And Differential Abundances Associated With Bmi, Immune Markers, And Fecal Short Chain Fatty Acids Before And After Synbiotic Supplementation, John Sterrett, W Andrew Clark, Michelle Chandley 2020 East Tennessee State University

Microbiome Diversity And Differential Abundances Associated With Bmi, Immune Markers, And Fecal Short Chain Fatty Acids Before And After Synbiotic Supplementation, John Sterrett, W Andrew Clark, Michelle Chandley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The gut microbiota and its metabolites – namely short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) – interact with the digestive, immune, and nervous systems. Microbiota with disrupted composition are highly associated with obesity, gastrointestinal symptoms, and chronic inflammation. Levels of SCFAs in the feces can represent dynamics of the microbiota, and they represent one mechanism by which the microbiota interacts with its host. This study aimed to further our understanding of associations between microbiota bacterial diversity and SCFAs, immune markers, BMI, and GI symptoms and to identify bacteria that are differentially abundant in different BMI groups and with synbiotic supplementation. Data (SCFAs, immunoglobulins, body ...


Association Of Micronutrient Inadequacy And Body Mass Index In Young Adults, Taylor Peabody 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Association Of Micronutrient Inadequacy And Body Mass Index In Young Adults, Taylor Peabody

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background

Micronutrient inadequacy has been found at higher levels in overweight and obese individuals in a broad range of ages relative to healthy weight. Insufficient micronutrient levels can have a negative impact on physical and mental health along with excess weight.

Objective

Due to health consequences related to inadequate micronutrient intake and the understanding that the general population not only fails to meet the majority of micronutrient recommendations, but is also overweight or obese, the objective of this study is to first, determine if young adults in the Northwest Arkansas Region are consuming adequate levels of micronutrients and second, if ...


Optimization Of Dna Extraction From Human Milk, Cassandra Z. Rutherford 2020 Winthrop University

Optimization Of Dna Extraction From Human Milk, Cassandra Z. Rutherford

Graduate Theses

Background: Techniques are emerging for determining the best and most cost-effective way to test for human milk adulteration. Currently, the literature is focused on the use of qPCR testing, a technique used to isolate and amplify pieces of DNA for analysis. However, no recommendation currently exists on the best DNA extraction kit to use to achieve optimal DNA yield or purity from human milk samples for downstream qPCR use. Thus, the objective of this study is to assess and compare two DNA extraction kits for use with human milk samples for future DNA-based analysis in the testing for bovine milk ...


The Effect Of Breakfast Macronutrient Composition In Children Ages 7-17 Years Old As A Potential Method To Combat Childhood Obesity, Angela M. Tacinelli 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Breakfast Macronutrient Composition In Children Ages 7-17 Years Old As A Potential Method To Combat Childhood Obesity, Angela M. Tacinelli

Theses and Dissertations

The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity is an ongoing concern. Currently, approximately 20% of children in the United States are obese. While obesity was once regarded merely as excessive adiposity within the body, it is has emerged as a major risk factor for chronic diseases such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Obesity is multifactorial in nature. Weight gain can result from an energy imbalance in the body due to excess energy intake (calories in) and decreased energy expenditure (calories out). Identifying methods to combat obesity is essential. Nutritional intervention may be a strategy to help ...


The Role Of Higher Protein Diets In The Regulation Of Mood And Sleep In Patients With Metabolic Syndrome, McKenzie Fellinger 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Role Of Higher Protein Diets In The Regulation Of Mood And Sleep In Patients With Metabolic Syndrome, Mckenzie Fellinger

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Metabolic Syndrome is becoming a more prevalent health issue within the United States, currently affecting 22% of adults (Capuron et al., 2008). Several factors contribute to the diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome, including obesity, high levels of triglycerides, elevated blood pressure, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Metabolic Syndrome puts those who have it at an increased risk for numerous diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer (Jennings et al., 2007). Several studies have shown that Metabolic Syndrome plays a negative role in sleep and mood of those with the disease. Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome often have poor sleep ...


Efficacy Of Multivitaim-Mineral Supplementation On Health-Related Quality Of Life And Physical Activity In Young Adults, Sarah Pendergraft 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Efficacy Of Multivitaim-Mineral Supplementation On Health-Related Quality Of Life And Physical Activity In Young Adults, Sarah Pendergraft

Theses and Dissertations

Micronutrients are essential for both physical and mental health. There is a correlation between poor health and mood and micronutrient deficiencies. Young adults age 18-24 are an at-risk, understudied population likely to benefit from multivitamin mineral supplementation. Multivitamin mineral supplementation is a potential way to bridge gaps in micronutrient levels, thus influencing health-related outcomes. Here, we provide the first attempt at influencing health-related quality of life and physical activity with a multivitamin mineral supplement in young adults. Using a supplement formulated without herbal extracts and caffeine, this double-blind study examined the efficacy of a daily multivitamin mineral supplement for 30 ...


Zika Virus Induces Apoptosis In Retinal Pigmented Epithelial Cells, Madison Kraus, Philma Glora Muthuraj, Sathish Kumar Natarajan 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Zika Virus Induces Apoptosis In Retinal Pigmented Epithelial Cells, Madison Kraus, Philma Glora Muthuraj, Sathish Kumar Natarajan

UCARE Research Products

Zika virus is a single-stranded positive sense RNA virus that attracted international attention in 2015 when an epidemic broke out in Brazil. This vector borne virus is transmitted by mosquitos and is especially concerning for pregnant women because the virus can affect the development of the fetus. One known complication is the destruction of infected retinal epithelial cells. The transduction of light is interrupted due to cell death and results in blind spots. Previous research has demonstrated that palmitoleate can reduce the observed levels of apoptosis in ZIKAV infected JEG-3 cells. We have also seen the protection of retinal pigmented ...


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