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Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken 2021 University of Minnesota Moorhead

Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this pragmatic mixed-methods study was to identify the factors that impact a nutrition professional’s preceptorship decision and potential solutions to combat preceptor shortages within accredited nutrition and dietetics programs. Homan’s social exchange theory provided the theoretical framework that if perceived costs of preceptorship outweigh the perceived benefits, then the activity will cease.

Phase one of the study included an online mixed-methods questionnaire. Phase two included a qualitative focus group and interview with self-identified volunteers from phase one. Quantitative analysis through SPSS included descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA). Qualitative data ...


Food Security Status And Disordered Eating Of Male High School Football Players In Rural, Appalachian Mississippi Participating In A Food Education Program, Miller Carlton 2021 University of Mississippi

Food Security Status And Disordered Eating Of Male High School Football Players In Rural, Appalachian Mississippi Participating In A Food Education Program, Miller Carlton

Honors Theses

Food insecurity is associated with disordered eating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) male athletes. This study evaluated the impact of a food education program on youth food security and disordered eating of high school football players in rural, Appalachian Mississippi. A Pre-Post design was utilized. Prospective participants (n=47) were recruited in July, 2019. The 12-week season-long food education program included weekly education with practical food-based sport nutrition principles along with food packages to implement principles at home. Youth food security was measured using Self-administered Youth Food Security Module (Connell, 2004). Disordered eating was measured using 5-item scale (Morgan ...


Social Influences On Behavior Change, Regina Schreiber 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Social Influences On Behavior Change, Regina Schreiber

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

What is Social Influence and why does it matter?


Bibliometric Analysis Of The 200 Most Cited Articles On Antioxidant From 1976-2020, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr., Neelesh Kumar Nema Dr., Baby Kumaranthara Chacko Dr., Jose Paul Dr. 2021 Synthite Industries Pvt. Ltd., Kolenchery, Ernakulam, Kerala, INDIA

Bibliometric Analysis Of The 200 Most Cited Articles On Antioxidant From 1976-2020, Ghouse Modin Nabeesab Mamdapur Mr., Neelesh Kumar Nema Dr., Baby Kumaranthara Chacko Dr., Jose Paul Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Antioxidant helps to reduce various disorders and control pathological conditions such as cancer, aging, cardiovascular disease, cataracts, immune system decline, and brain dysfunction etc. In this study, the top 200 highly cited articles (citations 327,657) with total 647 authors were retrieved from Elsevier’s Scopus database (105,440 hits) by the keyword “antioxidant” published across the worldwide for the timespan 1976-2020 years. The data were analysed through bibliometric indicators by using VOSviewer and biblioshiny tools to explore various parameters i.e. keywords co-occurrence, authors contribution, highly cited journals, affiliations/organization engaged and worldwide collaboration. In the year 2001 and ...


The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Over years of studying nutrition science and gerontology, there was very little information in classes that combined these two important topics. Older adults are often classified as those above the age of 65 years old. There is a growing number of older adults in the United States, which increases the need for information on how nutrition and aging are interlaced. As humans age, multiple factors can impact nutrition. Nutrition involves consuming the proper amount of nutrients to maintain body function. There are physiological, physical, socioeconomic and medication factors that can all influence nutrition status. It is important to be aware ...


Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka 2021 UNL

Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Rwanda has one of the highest stunting rates among children globally, and malnutrition remains one of the most pressing public health issues. Lack of diversified diets, due to colonialization and nutrition transition, is the leading cause of the double burden of malnutrition in the country where the progress to reduce undernutrition is slow and obesity rates are rapidly rising. Consumption of indigenous foods has proven to diversify diets, but very few studies have been conducted to assess which ones are available for consumption in Rwanda. The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and use of indigenous foods ...


Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park 2021 Hanyang University

Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Antioxidant intake has been suggested to be associated with a reduced osteoporosis risk, but the effect of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) on bone health and the risk of osteoporosis remains unclear. We aimed to assess the hypothesis that dietary TAC is positively associated with bone mass and negatively related to the risk of osteoporosis in Korean women. This cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Dietary TAC was estimated using task automation and an algorithm with 24-h recall data. In total, 8230 pre-and postmenopausal women were divided into four groups according ...


Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal 2021 Iowa State University

Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

BACKGROUND

A significant amount of nutrients, including dietary fibers, proteins, minerals, and vitamins are present in legumes, but the presence of anti‐nutritional factors (ANFs) like phytic acid, tannins, and enzyme inhibitors impact the consumption of legume and nutrient availability. In this research, the effect of a physical process (sonication or precooking) and fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici on ANFs of some legumes was evaluated.

RESULTS

Total phenolic contents were significantly (p<0.05) reduced for modified and fermented substrates compared to non‐fermented controls. Trypsin inhibitory activity (TIA) was reduced significantly for all substrates except for unsonicated soybean and lentil fermented with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. When physical processing was done, there was a decrease in TIA for all the substrate. Phytic acid content decreased for physically ...


Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2021 Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

There has been an increasing global demand for large bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) to supply the food‐fish market. Current bluegill diets resemble those for largemouth bass and contain a high percentage of marine fish meal (FM). Research into the use of alternative protein ingredients for bluegill diets need to be conducted to not only conserve finite marine resources, but to reduce cost and expand the supply of bluegill to the global market. We evaluated growth, survival and body composition of bluegill fed diets in which FM was partially or totally replaced by various combinations of soybean meal, poultry by‐product ...


Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

What is Social Support?

Different types of social support.

Tips to improve our social network.


Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Ed Mink will share mindfulness strategies and take everyone through a mindfulness session.


Risk Of Low Energy Availability In National And International Level Paralympic Athletes: An Exploratory Investigation, Kelly Pritchett, Alicia DiFolco, Savannah Glasgow, Robert Pritchett, Katy Williams, Trent Stellingwerff, Patricia Roney, Susannah Scaroni, Elizabeth Broad 2021 Central Washington University

Risk Of Low Energy Availability In National And International Level Paralympic Athletes: An Exploratory Investigation, Kelly Pritchett, Alicia Difolco, Savannah Glasgow, Robert Pritchett, Katy Williams, Trent Stellingwerff, Patricia Roney, Susannah Scaroni, Elizabeth Broad

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Education and Professional Studies

(1) Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the symptoms of low energy availability (LEA) and risk of relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) symptoms in para-athletes using a multi-parameter approach. (2) Methods: National level para-athletes (n = 9 males, n = 9 females) completed 7-day food and activity logs to quantify energy availability (EA), the LEA in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans to assess bone mineral density (BMD), and hormonal blood spot testing. (3) Results: Based on EA calculations, no athlete was at risk for LEA (females < 30 kcal·kg−1 FFM·day−1; and males < 25 kcal·kg−1 FFM ...


Project Home Hydroponic Operations For Mars Exploration, Deanna DeMattio, Nick McGuire, Ruben A. Rosa Polonia, Benjamin T. Hufendick 2021 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Project Home Hydroponic Operations For Mars Exploration, Deanna Demattio, Nick Mcguire, Ruben A. Rosa Polonia, Benjamin T. Hufendick

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

This report considers the challenges NASA, SpaceX, and other private companies will face in the approaching two decades when sending astronauts on missions to Mars. The longest exploration is planned to take place in the 2030's, sending a crew of, at minimum, four astronauts to Mars for a year of research. The research conducted is assisting space exploration companies’ with ways to grow a complete diet on a planet that does not receive enough sunlight. Agriculture in enclosed and buried structures on Mars will enable astronauts to conduct extended surface exploration missions. We evaluated a deep-water culture indoor hydroponics ...


Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas 2021 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Plasmalogens are important phospholipids essential for maintaining cardiovascular and brain health. Ruminant meats are excellent dietary sources of plasmalogens. Globally, grilling remains a popular technique for preparing meats. However, little is known concerning how marination affects retention and quality of plasmalogens in grilled ruminant meats. Here we present information on effect of two unfiltered beer-based marinades infused with herbs and spices on plasmalogens in grilled beef and moose meats. Although total plasmalogen contents of marinated grilled meats were lower compared to unmarinated controls, compositionally, wheat ale- and India session ale-based marinades retained higher levels of PUFA plasmalogen PC (phosphatidylcholine) and ...


Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers 2021 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Introduction: Zambia and Ethiopia are Sub-Saharan African countries experiencing high rates of malnutrition and stunting. This study examines food sourcing and its relationship to stunting.

Methods: Anthropometric assessment and food frequency-sourcing interviews were taken for 488 6th-7th graders in Livingstone, Zambia and Hawassa, Ethiopia. Data were analyzed using ANOVA.

Results: Most students sourced food from local markets and home gardens; however Zambian students used a greater variety of sources. Those sourcing from home gardens were significantly taller.

Discussion: Home gardening provides economic and health benefits, as well as food security. A focus on preservation and use of indigenous species is ...


Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Speaker shares how self-talk can help improve our ability to meet our goals.


Eating Smart And Moving More For Head Start: A Pilot Study, Virginia C. Stage, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan Chase, Stephanie McDonald, Archana V. Hegde, Jocelyn Bayles, Lorelei Jones 2021 East Carolina University

Eating Smart And Moving More For Head Start: A Pilot Study, Virginia C. Stage, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan Chase, Stephanie Mcdonald, Archana V. Hegde, Jocelyn Bayles, Lorelei Jones

Journal of Extension

Our study examined the relationship between improved personal health behaviors of Head Start teachers’ and the promotion of positive health behaviors in their classroom. Thirty-three Head Start teachers across 7 centers received six 30-minute nutrition education lessons. Dietary intake, physical activity, and self-efficacy for promoting positive health behaviors in the classroom were measured at baseline and post-intervention. Significant improvements were observed for dietary intake and physical activity. Self-efficacy for promoting health behaviors in the classroom did not significantly improve. Additional education is needed to improve health promotion practices. Lessons learned contributed to program refinement. Implications for Extension are discussed.


Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline McGowan 2021 TuDublin

Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline Mcgowan

Level 3

This expository article addresses a lacuna in policy and practice literature around using primary school lunches as both a pedagogical opportunity and a space to expose children to social and cultural ‘rituals’ that model both care and food sharing as commensality. The article argues that policy literature in this space broadly tends to be concerned with a medicalised paradigm of nutrition, physical and cognitive development, and disease prevention, with scant regard for the impact that natural ‘everyday’ practices of eating and caring can have on enhancing encultured commensality, care and learning.


Multiple Resource Limitations Explain Biomass-Precipitation Relationships In Grasslands, Siddharth Bharath, Peter B. Adler, Philip A. Fay, Eric W. Seabloom, Yann Hautier, Lori Biederman, Miguel N. Bugalho, Maria Caldeira, Anu Eskelinen, Johannes M. H. Knops, Rebecca McCulley, John Morgan, Sally A. Power, Anita C. Risch, Martin Schuetz, Carly J. Stevens, Timothy Ohlert, Risto Virtanen, Elizabeth T. Borer 2021 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Multiple Resource Limitations Explain Biomass-Precipitation Relationships In Grasslands, Siddharth Bharath, Peter B. Adler, Philip A. Fay, Eric W. Seabloom, Yann Hautier, Lori Biederman, Miguel N. Bugalho, Maria Caldeira, Anu Eskelinen, Johannes M. H. Knops, Rebecca Mcculley, John Morgan, Sally A. Power, Anita C. Risch, Martin Schuetz, Carly J. Stevens, Timothy Ohlert, Risto Virtanen, Elizabeth T. Borer

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Interannual variability in grassland primary production is strongly driven by precipitation, nutrient availability and herbivory, but there is no general consensus on the mechanisms linking these variables. If grassland biomass is limited by the single most limiting resource at a given time, then we expect that nutrient addition will not affect biomass production at arid sites. We conducted a distributed experiment manipulating nutrients and herbivores at 44 grassland sites in 8 regions around the world, spanning a broad range in aridity. We estimated the effects of 5-11 years of nutrient addition and herbivore exclusion treatments on precipitation sensitivity of biomass ...


The Importance Of Time And Place: Nutrient Composition And Utilization Of Seasonal Pollens By European Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.), Gloria DeGrandi-Hoffman, Vanessa Corby-Harris, Mark Carroll, Amy L. Toth, Stephanie Gage, Emily Watkins deJong, Henry Graham, Mona Chambers, Charlotte Meador, Bethany Obernesser 2021 U.S. Department of Agriculture

The Importance Of Time And Place: Nutrient Composition And Utilization Of Seasonal Pollens By European Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.), Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman, Vanessa Corby-Harris, Mark Carroll, Amy L. Toth, Stephanie Gage, Emily Watkins Dejong, Henry Graham, Mona Chambers, Charlotte Meador, Bethany Obernesser

Entomology Publications

Honey bee colonies have a yearly cycle that is supported nutritionally by the seasonal progression of flowering plants. In the spring, colonies grow by rearing brood, but in the fall, brood rearing declines in preparation for overwintering. Depending on where colonies are located, the yearly cycle can differ especially in overwintering activities. In temperate climates of Europe and North America, colonies reduce or end brood rearing in the fall while in warmer climates bees can rear brood and forage throughout the year. To test the hypothesis that nutrients available in seasonal pollens and honey bee responses to them can differ ...


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