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International and Community Nutrition Commons

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Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch® What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of A Multiple Ecological Level Child Obesity Prevention Program: Switch® What You Do, View, And Chew, Douglas A. Gentile, Gregory Welk, Joey C. Eisenmann, Rachel A. Reimer, David A. Walsh, Daniel W. Rusell, Randi Callahan, Monica Walsh, Sarah Strickland, Katie Fritz

Daniel W. Russell

Background: Schools are the most frequent target for intervention programs aimed at preventing child obesity; however, the overall effectiveness of these programs has been limited. It has therefore been recommended that interventions target multiple ecological levels (community, family, school and individual) to have greater success in changing risk behaviors for obesity. This study examined the immediate and short-term, sustained effects of the Switch program, which targeted three behaviors (decreasing children's screen time, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption, and increasing physical activity) at three ecological levels (the family, school, and community).

Methods: Participants were 1,323 children and their parents ...


A Step Towards A "Greener" Dining Services: Procuring Locally For The Health Of Students And The Earth, Jessica Fischer 2017 University of Rhode Island

A Step Towards A "Greener" Dining Services: Procuring Locally For The Health Of Students And The Earth, Jessica Fischer

Senior Honors Projects

Supporting local food has been a goal of dining services for some time now. Buying local means you know exactly where your food is coming from. Typically the farmer has a direct relationship with the processors that puts pressure on them to abide by all laws and regulations. Secondly, the shorter time between the farm and your table, the less likely that nutrients will be lost during the time it takes to transport food across the country. Third, buying local food builds a sense of community. When you buy direct from a farmer, you’re engaging in a time-honored connection ...


Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt 2017 Iowa State University

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Lizhi Wang

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


A Comparison Of Food And Nutrition In France And The United States, Katherine Rapp 2016 Iowa State University

A Comparison Of Food And Nutrition In France And The United States, Katherine Rapp

Honors Projects and Posters

Understanding how culture has an effect on the health and nutrition of a country can lead to more productive policy-making on these topics in the future. The United States can learn from the nutrition policy, cultural habits, and health practices of other countries and use the knowledge gained to draft better solutions to the many problems surrounding the food culture of the United States. This project will take a close look at the differences between food and nutrition culture in France and in the United States. After initial observations taken while in France, further research was conducted to create a ...


Preparing For Effective Program Dissemination And Implementation: An Analysis Of Problems And Proposals For The Icook 4-H Program, Jodi L. Randall 2016 University of Maine - Main

Preparing For Effective Program Dissemination And Implementation: An Analysis Of Problems And Proposals For The Icook 4-H Program, Jodi L. Randall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

While much effort has gone into the creation of obesity prevention programs like iCook 4-H, such programs remain largely under-utilized. The disconnect between research and practice highlights the necessity of dissemination and implementation strategies to ensure programs become adopted into practice. Creating a well-informed systematic approach to implementation will ensure that the iCook 4-H program will be implemented efficaciously and sustainably to improve the health of generations to come. The goal of this research was to implement the pilot dissemination and describe the findings in the context of the Quality Implementation Framework. The objectives were to report outcomes of the ...


Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak 2016 University of Dayton

Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak

Diana Cuy Castellanos

Food insecurity and poor dietary consumption continue to impact low-income populations in the U.S. However, communities are developing ways to address it at the local level. Community Food Security Initiatives (CFSI) focus on increasing a sustainable, healthy food supply and food system while addressing food insecurity and dietary quality within a community.

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) explore CFSIs in low-income areas in a metropolitan Midwest city and (2) examine the effects of the initiatives along with other social-cognitive factors on fruit and vegetable consumption in persons participating in local CFSIs.

This was a mixed-methods study ...


Development Of An Online Food Safety Training For Employees Of University Farms And School Gardens, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve 2016 Iowa State University

Development Of An Online Food Safety Training For Employees Of University Farms And School Gardens, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve

Angela M. Shaw

With a rise in the number of publicly accessed fruit and vegetable growing venues, there is a need for food safety training for staff of these schools and research facilities. This project created a variety of media options to educate workers about proper ways to handle fruit and vegetables to ensure food safety.


Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak 2016 University of Dayton

Exploring The Connection Between Community Food Security Initiatives And Social-Cognitive Factors On Dietary Intake, Diana Cuy Castellanos, Josh Keller, Emma Majchrzak

Health and Sport Science Faculty Publications

Food insecurity and poor dietary consumption continue to impact low-income populations in the U.S. However, communities are developing ways to address it at the local level. Community Food Security Initiatives (CFSI) focus on increasing a sustainable, healthy food supply and food system while addressing food insecurity and dietary quality within a community.

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) explore CFSIs in low-income areas in a metropolitan Midwest city and (2) examine the effects of the initiatives along with other social-cognitive factors on fruit and vegetable consumption in persons participating in local CFSIs.

This was a mixed-methods study ...


Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt 2016 Iowa State University

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Guiping Hu

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt 2016 Iowa State University

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Susan W. Arendt

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


The Relationship Among Fifth Grade Physical Education Students' Body Size Perception, Fitnessgram Scores, And Physical Activity Level, Ashley N. Cleveland 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Relationship Among Fifth Grade Physical Education Students' Body Size Perception, Fitnessgram Scores, And Physical Activity Level, Ashley N. Cleveland

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Purpose: This study aims to explore the correlation between students’ self-perception of body image and FITNESSGRAM scores, the relationship between children’s body perceptions and their actual body mass index (BMI), and to see if body image in children affects their physical activity level.

Methods: FITNESSGRAM fitness testing protocol and a survey developed for the KidQuest nutrition intervention program by South Dakota State University (SDSU) was used to assess the correlation between students’ (n= 319) self-perception of body image and FITNESSGRAM scores. In addition accelerometers were used to assess the physical activity level of a subsample (n=57) of ...


The Impact Of A Smarter Lunchrooms Makeover On Children's Food Choice And Consumption, Polina Zhuzhina 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Impact Of A Smarter Lunchrooms Makeover On Children's Food Choice And Consumption, Polina Zhuzhina

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Childhood obesity has tripled over the past three decades and poses a serious public health problem. The Smarter Lunchrooms Movement aims to increase healthy eating by incorporating low-cost to no-cost alterations to the school lunchroom in an effort to increase consumption of healthier foods, such as fruits and vegetables, by making them more attractive and convenient.

Our study implemented Smarter Lunchrooms interventions at two primarily Hispanic elementary schools in Paso Robles, CA. The interventions focused on increasing the appeal of the salad bars, including installation of age-appropriate signage highlighting fruits and vegetables, as well as branding of fruits and vegetables ...


Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

INTRODUCTION. Neighborhood food environment is important to healthy eating. The availability and proximity of healthy foods has been shown to affect dietary quality, obesity, and overall health. We surveyed food stores throughout City of Worcester to assess the variability of food availability in neighborhoods and inequalities in access to fresh produce, unprocessed foods, and other healthy food options by neighborhood socioeconomic status (N-SES).

METHODS. Where permitted by the store manager, the Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data Systems (C-NEEDS) survey was completed inside the store by trained staff. Healthy Food Availability Index (HFAI; range 0-56) and Unhealthy Food Availability Index (UFAI ...


Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Usda’S Nutrition Education Program Pays Long-Term Benefits, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) spends over $30 billion a year on food and nutrition assistance programs, an amount that is over one-half of the USDA budget today. Historically, U.S. food assistance programs featured purchase and distribution of surplus agricultural commodities to low-income households and to school lunch programs. Today, food and nutrition assistance includes a wide range of programs designed to provide low-income households access to adequate nutrients and a balanced diet, to increase food security in the general population and reduce hunger, especially for children, and to encourage low-income adults and children to acquire knowledge ...


The School Meals Program, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

The School Meals Program, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The National School Meals Programs affect the lives of almost all school children in the United States today. The National School Lunch Program, available in 99% of US public schools and 83% of private and public schools combined, serves over 31 million school children on a typical school day—nearly 64% of school-age children. The total federal cost of the School Meals Programs was $14.9 billion in 2012, and most of the funding is provided to school districts through federal reimbursement for free and reduced-price meals, with cash payments for the National School Lunch Program representing about 70% of ...


U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, Helen H. Jensen, John C. Beghin 2016 Iowa State University

U.S. Sweetener Consumption Trends And Dietary Guidelines, Helen H. Jensen, John C. Beghin

Helen Jensen

The United States is the fourth-largest producer of sugar and has well-developed sugarcane and sugar beet industries. However, since the 1970s, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has gained popularity with food processors as a sweetener, a change stimulated by sugar agricultural policies that have raised the price of sugar well above its world level, and the emergence of cheaper sweeteners based on corn. Nearly 7.3 percent of total corn production (2.2 million bushels) was used to produce HFCS in 2003/04. The United States is the world’s lowest-cost producer of HFCS, partly because of access to cheap ...


Rice Consumption In The United States: New Evidence From Food Consumption Surveys, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Helen H. Jensen 2016 Iowa State University

Rice Consumption In The United States: New Evidence From Food Consumption Surveys, S. Patricia Batres-Marquez, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

Evidence from recent U.S. food consumption surveys provides new information on the distribution of rice consumption, the characteristics of rice consumers, and the diets of people who consume rice. Recently available data from nationally representative surveys of food consumed by individuals in the United States allowed comparison of consumption today (2001-02) with consumption in the mid-1990s. Data come from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (1994-96) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-02). Rice is consumed by a significant portion of the U.S. adult population. In 2001-02, over 18 percent (18.2 percent) of ...


Nutrition In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley 2016 Iowa State University

Nutrition In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley

Helen Jensen

The conditions of widespread hunger and continuing food deficits dominate Haiti's food and agricultural situation. A 1986-87 nationwide survey of household expenditure and food consumption provides new evidence on food sources of energy and protein, and the adequacy of diets in Haiti. The survey data document the importance of cereals and vegetables in supplying food energy and protein. Starchy roots were relatively more important to energy intake in rural areas than urban areas. Rice, bread, oil, and green and dried peas were important food items in contributing to food energy and protein (except for oil). Nearly 50 percent of ...


Modeling Consumption With Limited Dependent Variables: Applications To Pork And Cheese, Steven T. Yen, Helen H. Jensen 2016 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Modeling Consumption With Limited Dependent Variables: Applications To Pork And Cheese, Steven T. Yen, Helen H. Jensen

Helen Jensen

The double-hurdle and infrequency-of-purchase models are applied to pork and cheese consumption using the 1987-88 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey data. Own-price effects on the probability and level of consumption are negative and significant for both pork and cheese, while income and cross-price effects are not significant.


Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley 2016 Iowa State University

Food Consumption Patterns In Haiti: Evidence From The Haiti Household Expenditure And Consumption Survey, Helen H. Jensen, Stanley R. Johnson, Gary Stampley

Helen Jensen

Effective evaluation of food pricing policies and other food policy issues requires accurate information on food consumption patterns and expenditures. This report documents food consumption patterns based on the 1986-87 Haitian Household Expenditure and Consumption Survey (HECS) conducted by the Institut Haitian de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI) with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID/Haiti). The report investigates food consumption patterns including total food expenditures and food budget shares, sources of food, food expenditures by major food group, expenditures for food consumed outside of the household, use of food inventories, and frequently consumed food items.


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