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Analysis Of Added Sugar Intake Of Canadian Children And Adolescents: Findings From The Canadian Community Health Survey On Nutrition, Ulaina Tariq 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Analysis Of Added Sugar Intake Of Canadian Children And Adolescents: Findings From The Canadian Community Health Survey On Nutrition, Ulaina Tariq

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: The added sugar intake of children and adolescents in Canada warrants more research due to its contribution to obesity, diabetes, and other chronic and mental health issues.

Objective: To assess the trends and correlates of added sugar intake in Canadians aged 6 to 17.

Methods: Data were provided by the Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition 2004 and 2015. Statistical analysis included multivariable regression and t-tests.

Results: In 2015, 35.66% of Canadians aged 6 to 17 met sugar intake guidelines. Compared to 2004, in 2015 intake of fruit and vegetables was higher, while sugar and caloric intake was lower. Sedentary ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman 2018 SUNY Downstate Medical Center

What’S Really Wrong With Medical Research And How To Fix It., Richard Feinman

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Gaps Of The Health Benefits Of Beans Among Low-Income Women, Shelly M. Palmer, Donna Winham, Christine A. Hradek MPH 2018 Iowa State University

Knowledge Gaps Of The Health Benefits Of Beans Among Low-Income Women, Shelly M. Palmer, Donna Winham, Christine A. Hradek Mph

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives: We determined knowledge of the health benefits of consuming beans, and assessed if awareness varied by acculturation status among Hispanic and non-Hispanic low-income women. Methods: We used a self-administered survey with Iowa women aged 18-65 years who were eligible to receive income-based services through 2 healthcare clinics, a WIC clinic, and Extension Outreach. Chi-square and ANOVA were used to compare bean health benefit knowledge, demographics, health-risk factors, nutrition information seeking, and self-efficacy by acculturation categories. Results: Of the 158 women who completed the survey, 58% were Hispanic, with a mean age of 36 years. In terms of acculturation, 24 ...


Clinical And Therapeutic Significance Of Obesity In Melanoma, Jennifer L. McQuade 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Clinical And Therapeutic Significance Of Obesity In Melanoma, Jennifer L. Mcquade

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

While the FDA approval of targeted and immune therapies in metastatic melanoma (MM) have dramatically improved outcomes in this disease, de novo and/or acquired resistance can limit the clinical benefit of these agents. The IGF-1/PI3K/AKT pathway has been implicated in resistance to both targeted and immune therapy. The IGF-1/PI3K/AKT pathway has also been shown to play a key role in the pathogenesis of obesity in other malignancies. To date, the impact of energy balance on clinical outcomes and therapeutic response in MM has not been studied. I hypothesized that energy balance would impact the molecular ...


Nutrition Screening In The Adult Stroke Population Using The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool In Comparison With The Subjective Global Assessment, Tess Coutu 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Nutrition Screening In The Adult Stroke Population Using The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool In Comparison With The Subjective Global Assessment, Tess Coutu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although the Canadian Best Practice Recommendations for Stroke Care recommend all acute stroke patients be screened for malnutrition within 48 hours of admission to hospital using a valid screening tool, none have been validated for use in adult acute stroke patients. The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool (CNST) tool has been validated within medicine and surgery patients. The purpose of this study is to estimate the level of agreement between the CNST and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), a nutrition assessment tool, in a cohort of 58 acute adult stroke patients at the Southwestern Ontario Regional Stroke Centre in London. In ...


Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Misclassification Of Healthy Eating Based On Food Frequency Questionnaires And 24-Hour Dietary Recalls In Older Men And Women, Elizabeth Procter-Gray, Barbara C. Olendzki, Kevin J. Kane, Linda C. Churchill, Rashelle B. Hayes, Annabella Aguirre, Hyung-Joo Kang, Wenjun Li

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternative healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by gender among older adults.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study of 105 men and 99 women aged 65 and older living in urban and rural neighborhoods in Worcester County. Participants were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24HR. The healthy eating classification was compared between the two instruments by gender.

RESULTS: For men, the mean±SD of AHEI total score was 48.2±12.3 based on FFQ versus ...


Processes To Preserve Spice And Herb Quality And Sensory Integrity During Pathogen Inactivation, Susan E. Duncan, Kayla Moberg, Kemia N. Amin, Melissa Wright, Jordan J. Newkirk, Monica A. Ponder, Gary R. Acuff, James S. Dickson 2017 Virginia Tech

Processes To Preserve Spice And Herb Quality And Sensory Integrity During Pathogen Inactivation, Susan E. Duncan, Kayla Moberg, Kemia N. Amin, Melissa Wright, Jordan J. Newkirk, Monica A. Ponder, Gary R. Acuff, James S. Dickson

Animal Science Publications

Selected processing methods, demonstrated to be effective at reducing Salmonella, were assessed to determine if spice and herb quality was affected. Black peppercorn, cumin seed, oregano, and onion powder were irradiated to a target dose of 8 kGy. Two additional processes were examined for whole black peppercorns and cumin seeds: ethylene oxide (EtO) fumigation and vacuum assisted-steam (82.22 °C, 7.5 psia). Treated and untreated spices/herbs were compared (visual, odor) using sensory similarity testing protocols (α = 0.20; β = 0.05; proportion of discriminators: 20%) to determine if processing altered sensory quality. Analytical assessment of quality (color, water ...


Regulation Of Adipocyte Differentiation And Metabolism: Rab5-Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors And Methylglyoxal, Praew Chantarasinlapin 2017 Florida International University

Regulation Of Adipocyte Differentiation And Metabolism: Rab5-Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors And Methylglyoxal, Praew Chantarasinlapin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Internalization and trafficking of ligand-receptor complex rely on a particular set of proteins, e.g. small GTPase protein Rab5 and its activators called guanine nucleotide exchange factors. Rab5-activating protein 6 (RAP6), a Vps9-containing protein, may participate in Rab5-mediated insulin signaling and receptor trafficking. A dicarbonyl compound methylglyoxal was found to alter insulin signaling in preadipocytes. This dissertation aimed to investigate the association of RAP6 activity on 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation and those driven by methylglyoxal. Overexpression of RAP6 inhibited preadipocyte differentiation, Ser473-phosphorylation of Akt1, and expression of adipogenic marker PPARγ, but not C/EBPα. Methylglyoxal (10 µM) increased preadipocyte differentiation, proliferation ...


Diet And Cognition: Data, Theory, And Some Solutions From The Playbook Of Psychology, Aaron P. Blaisdell 2017 University of California, Los Angeles

Diet And Cognition: Data, Theory, And Some Solutions From The Playbook Of Psychology, Aaron P. Blaisdell

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele DeBiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani 2017 Boston University

The Role Of Attitude, Control And Intention To Explain Fruit And Vegetable Intake Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Women With Low Socioeconomic Status, Michele Debiasse, Deborah J. Bowen, Sherry L. Pagoto, Joseph M. Massaro, N. Istfan, Lisa M. Quintiliani

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

Objective: Fruit and Vegetable (FV) intake-a modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases-is lower among racial/ethnic minorities and low Socio- Economic Status (SES) groups when compared to other populations. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is one theoretical model studied to explain and influence individual health behaviors, including FV intake, in middle class populations, but not exclusively in diverse, low SES groups. This cross-sectional study evaluated the utility of select TPB variables to explain intention to consume and intake of FV in this population.

Design: Demographics, BMI, select TPB variables, and FV intake were measured via survey. Bivariate analyses were ...


The School Food Environment And Its Association With Dietary Intake Among Rural Adolescents, Hannah F. Hickey 2017 University of Kentucky

The School Food Environment And Its Association With Dietary Intake Among Rural Adolescents, Hannah F. Hickey

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

The school food environment has the ability to increase the consumption of fruit and vegetables in rural adolescents. This study used a survey to allow adolescents in seven rural counties to self-report their fruit and vegetable intake as well as utilizing the USDA Mathematica tool and the School Nutrition and Meal Cost Study audits to evaluate what food and beverage products were actually available to adolescents. By using these two measures, associations between fruit and vegetable intake and availability of healthy and unhealthy foods were determined. The availability of healthy snacks and beverages was found to be associated with sugar-sweetened ...


The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin O. Ajala 2017 Georgia State University

The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin O. Ajala

DISCOVERY: Georgia State Honors College Undergraduate Research Journal

Stress is a state of disharmony or threatened homeostasis. The maintenance of homeostasis in stages of internal or external challenges, called stressors, requires constant adjustments of hormonal, behavioral, and autonomic functions. The nuances of life may bring about unwanted stress to the human body. Some of the top causes of stress in America include work, finances, relationships, and health. There are numerous physical and psychological symptoms associated with long-term “chronic” stress, which include chronic fatigue, frustration, irritability, insomnia, frequent headaches, chest and back pain, weakness, and weight gain or weight loss. These symptoms of chronic stress are associated with depression ...


The Impact Of A Smarter Lunchrooms Makeover On Children's Food Choice And Consumption, Polina Zhuzhina 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Impact Of A Smarter Lunchrooms Makeover On Children's Food Choice And Consumption, Polina Zhuzhina

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Childhood obesity has tripled over the past three decades and poses a serious public health problem. The Smarter Lunchrooms Movement aims to increase healthy eating by incorporating low-cost to no-cost alterations to the school lunchroom in an effort to increase consumption of healthier foods, such as fruits and vegetables, by making them more attractive and convenient.

Our study implemented Smarter Lunchrooms interventions at two primarily Hispanic elementary schools in Paso Robles, CA. The interventions focused on increasing the appeal of the salad bars, including installation of age-appropriate signage highlighting fruits and vegetables, as well as branding of fruits and vegetables ...


Prospective Relations Between Red Blood Cell Ω-6 And Ω-3 Fatty Acid Composition And Cognitive Function Among Older Puerto Rican Adults, Sherman J. Bigornia, Tammy Scott, William S. Harris, Katherine L. Tucker 2016 University of Massachusetts Lowell

Prospective Relations Between Red Blood Cell Ω-6 And Ω-3 Fatty Acid Composition And Cognitive Function Among Older Puerto Rican Adults, Sherman J. Bigornia, Tammy Scott, William S. Harris, Katherine L. Tucker

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Objectives: To examine the association between red blood cell (RBC) ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acid (FA) composition and cognitive function over 2-y follow-up among older U.S. mainland Puerto Ricans.

Methods: Data are from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (74% female; 57±8 y). RBC membrane FA status was ascertained at baseline. Individual FA were expressed as a percentage of total FA identified. Cognitive function was measured at baseline and at 2-y using the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), where a higher score ranging from 0-30 indicates better function. Cognitive impairment was defined as MMSE scores ≤21, ≤23, and ≤24 ...


Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neighborhood Differences In The Availability Of Healthy Foods In The City Of Worcester, Kevin Kane, Maximilian Hoffman, Jie Cheng, Barbara C. Olendzki, Wenjun Li

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

INTRODUCTION. Neighborhood food environment is important to healthy eating. The availability and proximity of healthy foods has been shown to affect dietary quality, obesity, and overall health. We surveyed food stores throughout City of Worcester to assess the variability of food availability in neighborhoods and inequalities in access to fresh produce, unprocessed foods, and other healthy food options by neighborhood socioeconomic status (N-SES).

METHODS. Where permitted by the store manager, the Community Nutrition Environment Evaluation Data Systems (C-NEEDS) survey was completed inside the store by trained staff. Healthy Food Availability Index (HFAI; range 0-56) and Unhealthy Food Availability Index (UFAI ...


Exploration Of Malnutrition Coding Practices At Nebraska Medicine, Frances C. Becker 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exploration Of Malnutrition Coding Practices At Nebraska Medicine, Frances C. Becker

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Malnutrition is present in 25-50% of hospitalized patients. Patients identified as malnourished are assigned a code based on the type and severity of malnutrition in order to gain the necessary reimbursement to care for the patients. There is a current gap in the research regarding the characteristics that define the difference between malnourished patients classified with a major complications and comorbidities (MCC) code versus a complications and comorbidities (CC) code.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which malnutrition codes are being used at Nebraska Medicine. Additionally, this study obtained clinical factors that are associated with malnutrition ...


Using The Des-28 Tool To Determine The Relationship Among Diabetes Self-Empowerment, Diet Quality, And Glycemic Control In A Southeastern United States African American Population, Makala Katuscak Smith 2016 Winthrop University

Using The Des-28 Tool To Determine The Relationship Among Diabetes Self-Empowerment, Diet Quality, And Glycemic Control In A Southeastern United States African American Population, Makala Katuscak Smith

Graduate Theses

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of Protein Source At Breakfast On Energy Metabolism, Metabolic Health, And Food Intake: A Pilot Study, Lauren A. Cambias 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evaluation Of Protein Source At Breakfast On Energy Metabolism, Metabolic Health, And Food Intake: A Pilot Study, Lauren A. Cambias

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Innovation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

Over 30% of adults in the US are obese. A primary contributor to obesity is an unhealthy diet related to imbalanced macronutrients. Diets higher in protein (PRO) are associated with increased energy expenditure (EE) and reduced food intake. The objective of this pilot study was to determine if protein source at breakfast influences EE in young men (n=4; ages 18-35). Participants consumed three isocaloric (whey (WP), pea (PP), beef (BP); 275 kcal, 62% PRO, 23% CHO, 15% Fat) drinks in randomized, crossover design with a one-week washout period. Each test day EE, appetite, and cravings were assessed at ...


Promoting Healthy Eating And Physical Activity: A Qualitative Examination Of Community-Based Obesity Interventions In Rural Kentucky, Brooke F. Butterworth 2016 University of Kentucky

Promoting Healthy Eating And Physical Activity: A Qualitative Examination Of Community-Based Obesity Interventions In Rural Kentucky, Brooke F. Butterworth

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

Rural Americans are medically underserved groups and are at greater risk of becoming obese than urban Americans. The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the perceived causes of obesity in six counties of rural Kentucky and to determine how to customize strategies to reduce obesity in these areas. University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service Agents formed coalitions in each of the six counties to assess their communities’ needs and assets to inform plans for implementing evidence-based obesity interventions. Between February and August of 2015, the coalitions were convened for a total of 11 meetings. Each of the coalition ...


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