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Vegetarian And Vegan Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Vegetarian And Vegan Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Objectives:

Different types of vegetarian diets.

Identifying challenges vegetarians may experience

Protein complementation

Compare and contrast the dietary recommendations


Qualitative Analysis Of Maternal Barriers And Perceptions To Participation In A Federal Supplemental Nutrition Program In Rural Appalachian North Carolina, Sydeena E. Isaacs, Lenka H. Shriver, Lauren Haldeman 2020 University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Nutrition

Qualitative Analysis Of Maternal Barriers And Perceptions To Participation In A Federal Supplemental Nutrition Program In Rural Appalachian North Carolina, Sydeena E. Isaacs, Lenka H. Shriver, Lauren Haldeman

Journal of Appalachian Health

Background: Little is known about barriers to and perceptions of participation in the in Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program in rural Appalachia.

Purpose: To gain a deeper understanding of maternal barriers and perceptions related to WIC participation in rural Appalachia

Methods: Pregnant women and mothers were recruited in-person and via flyers from WIC offices in three counties in Appalachian North Carolina. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted between May to July 2018. Each focus group was approximately 60 minutes long and included open-ended questions about the overall WIC experience in rural Appalachia. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and ...


Pulse Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, And Cooking Experience Of Midwestern Us University Students, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Mack C. Shelley II 2020 Iowa State University

Pulse Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, And Cooking Experience Of Midwestern Us University Students, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Many American college students fail to meet dietary guideline recommendations for fruits, vegetables, and fiber. Pulses are a subgroup of legumes, harvested solely for dry grain seeds within a pod. Commonly consumed pulses include dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas. Pulses are high in shortfall nutrients and could fill some nutritional gaps of college students. However, little is known about pulse intakes among young adults. The study aims were: (1) to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding pulse consumption; and (2) to describe experiences of preparing dry pulses among college students. A convenience sample of 1433 students aged 18 ...


Diet And Exercise: What To Eat And When, Brittany Allman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Diet And Exercise: What To Eat And When, Brittany Allman

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Learning Objectives:

Define nutrient timing

Understand the importance of nutrient timing

Understand the different types of carbohydrates

Understand how eating patterns can affect sleep


Advances In Foodborne Pathogen Analysis, Arun K. Bhunia, Bledar Bisha, Andrew G. Gehring, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2020 Purdue University

Advances In Foodborne Pathogen Analysis, Arun K. Bhunia, Bledar Bisha, Andrew G. Gehring, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

As the world population has grown, new demands on the production of foods have been met by increased efficiencies in production, from planting and harvesting to processing, packaging and distribution to retail locations. These efficiencies enable rapid intranational and global dissemination of foods, providing longer “face time” for products on retail shelves and allowing consumers to make healthy dietary choices year-round. However, our food production capabilities have outpaced the capacity of traditional detection methods to ensure our foods are safe. Traditional methods for culture-based detection and characterization of microorganisms are time-, labor- and, in some instances, space- and infrastructure-intensive, and ...


Health Benefits Of Berries, Luke Howard 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayettevile

Health Benefits Of Berries, Luke Howard

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Berry phytonutrients

Free radicals and antioxidants

Health benefits beyond antioxidant activity

Bioavailability of phytonutrients


Preventing Allergies In Infants: What Foods To Introduce And When, Annika Israelsen, Stacy Bevan, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos 2020 Utah State University

Preventing Allergies In Infants: What Foods To Introduce And When, Annika Israelsen, Stacy Bevan, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos

All Current Publications

Food allergies have become increasingly common over the past several years among children in the United States (Comberiati et al., 2019; Sicherer et al., 2017). Food allergies are a negative immune response occurring in the body after eating a specific food (Sicherer et al., 2017). Unlike food intolerances, such as lactose intolerance which causes uncomfortable symptoms in the stomach and intestines, allergic reactions to food can cause a wide range of serious and sometimes fatal symptoms (Konek & Becker, 2020). Food allergies can affect a child’s health and quality of life, while also impacting their caregivers’ lives (Sicherer et al ...


Evaluation Of The Attitudes Of Phytotherapists Towards The Herbal Treatment Of Obesity In The Light Of Ancient And Modern Theoretical Knowledge - Field Study In Tlemcen (Algeria), Chahrazed Bessenouci 2020 University Center of Naama, Algeria

Evaluation Of The Attitudes Of Phytotherapists Towards The Herbal Treatment Of Obesity In The Light Of Ancient And Modern Theoretical Knowledge - Field Study In Tlemcen (Algeria), Chahrazed Bessenouci

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

This research aimed to reveal the phytotherapists attitudes towards medicinal plants therapy used to treat obesity through identifying the nature of these attitudes and their degree of compatibility with what is in the ancient scientific manuscripts and the research publications in the modern chemistry. To do this, a choice was made of an intentional sample of 34 Herbalists-Phytotherapists (from several regions of the province of Tlemcen). Then the researchers used a face-to-face interview to survey the attitudes using a 27-item Likert-scale test. To determine the nature of the sample's attitudes and also the level of their knowledge, a descriptive ...


Whole Egg Consumption Increases Gene Expression Within The Glutathione Pathway In The Liver Of Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats, Joe L. Webb, Amanda E. Bries, Brooke Vogel, Claudia Carrillo, Lily Harvison, Timothy A. Day, Michael J. Kimber, Rudy J. Valentine, Matthew J. Rowling, Stephanie Clark, Elizabeth M. McNiell, Kevin L. Schalinske 2020 Iowa State University

Whole Egg Consumption Increases Gene Expression Within The Glutathione Pathway In The Liver Of Zucker Diabetic Fatty Rats, Joe L. Webb, Amanda E. Bries, Brooke Vogel, Claudia Carrillo, Lily Harvison, Timothy A. Day, Michael J. Kimber, Rudy J. Valentine, Matthew J. Rowling, Stephanie Clark, Elizabeth M. Mcniell, Kevin L. Schalinske

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Nutrigenomic evidence supports the idea that Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) arises due to the interactions between the transcriptome, individual genetic profiles, lifestyle, and diet. Since eggs are a nutrient dense food containing bioactive ingredients that modify gene expression, our goal was to examine the role of whole egg consumption on the transcriptome during T2DM. We analyzed whether whole egg consumption in Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats alters microRNA and mRNA expression across the adipose, liver, kidney, and prefrontal cortex tissue. Male ZDF (fa/fa) rats (n = 12) and their lean controls (fa/+) (n = 12) were obtained at 6 wk ...


The Effect Of Soluble Fiber Dextrin On Subjective And Physiological Markers Of Appetite: A Randomized Trial, Christine H. Emilien, Walter H. Hsu, James H. Hollis 2020 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Soluble Fiber Dextrin On Subjective And Physiological Markers Of Appetite: A Randomized Trial, Christine H. Emilien, Walter H. Hsu, James H. Hollis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Obesity is a leading public health problem throughout the world. The development of foods that increase satiety and reduce food may aid weight management. This study determined the effect of consuming soluble fiber dextrin (SFD) on appetite, appetitive hormones, breath hydrogen and food intake in adults. Forty-three participants completed this study. For each treatment, 50% of the SFD was provided in liquid form as part of breakfast and 50% in solid form as a morning snack. Appetite questionnaires, blood and breath samples were collected immediately before breakfast and at regular intervals during the test session. The participants consumed an ad ...


Nutrition, Exercise, And Mental Health, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Nutrition, Exercise, And Mental Health, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Understand factors that can impact our mental health

Understand how certain foods can benefit our mental health

Understand how exercise can benefit our mental health


The Latest Science On Physical Activity, Brittany R. Allman 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Latest Science On Physical Activity, Brittany R. Allman

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Physical Activity, exercise and physical fitness defined as well as what science says children and adults can do to stay physically active.


Male Food Pantry Users Have Low Fruit, Vegetable, And Pulse Intakes Despite Interest In Food Nutrition Content, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt 2020 Iowa State University

Male Food Pantry Users Have Low Fruit, Vegetable, And Pulse Intakes Despite Interest In Food Nutrition Content, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt

Food Science and Human Nutrition Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Background: Low-income men’s use of food pantries, and dietary intakes including pulses is understudies. Food pantries can help, but resource restriction limits ability to prepare meals. Convenience foods may not be optimal for nutrition. Pulses (beans, peas, lentils, and chickpeas) count as a vegetable and provide fiber, iron, folate, and other shortfall micronutrients. Increased pulse consumption could improve diet quality. Purpose: The study evaluated low-income men’s use dietary intakes including pulses. Methods: Men aged 25-64 years who utilized food pantry services were eligible. Men completed survey questions on demographics, nutrition assistance programs use, fruit/vegetable/fiber dietary intakes ...


High Protein Diets, Joshua L. Hudson 2020 Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center

High Protein Diets, Joshua L. Hudson

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Understanding the minimum requirements for dietary protein

What does "high" protein diet mean?

Understand when, for whom, and what purpose consuming high protein diet may be beneficial


Associations Of Dietary Bioactive Compounds With Maternal Adiposity And Inflammation In Gestational Diabetes: An Update On Observational And Clinical Studies, Dustin W. Davis, Jeannette Crew, Petar Planinic, James M. Alexander, Arpita Basu 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Associations Of Dietary Bioactive Compounds With Maternal Adiposity And Inflammation In Gestational Diabetes: An Update On Observational And Clinical Studies, Dustin W. Davis, Jeannette Crew, Petar Planinic, James M. Alexander, Arpita Basu

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication of pregnancy that adversely affects maternal and offspring health. Maternal obesity, oxidative stress, and inflammation have been implicated in GDM. In non-pregnant adults, intakes of dietary bioactive compounds inversely associate with insulin resistance and inflammation. However, associations of dietary bioactive compounds with biomarkers of adiposity, antioxidant vitamin and mineral status, oxidative stress, and inflammation in GDM have not been fully elucidated. We addressed this gap by conducting a semi-quantitative review of observational studies and randomized controlled trials published between 2010 and 2020 and retrieved from Google Scholar, Medline, and PubMed. Our analysis ...


Associations Of Staple Food Consumption And Types Of Cooking Oil With Waist Circumference And Body Mass Index In Older Chinese Men And Women: A Panel Analysis, Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Timothy Chiang, Mack C. Shelley II 2020 Indiana University

Associations Of Staple Food Consumption And Types Of Cooking Oil With Waist Circumference And Body Mass Index In Older Chinese Men And Women: A Panel Analysis, Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Timothy Chiang, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Background: The dietary landscape has changed rapidly in China in the past few decades. This research investigates the associations of older adults’ choices and consumption of staple foods and cooking oils with obesity related measurements.

Methods: Panel data were extracted from the Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Survey from3253 older participants with 6506 observations. Ordinary least squares and ordered logistic regression models were estimated with the outcomes of obesity determined by waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI), respectively.

Results: Older men who consumed wheat had wider WCs (β=2.84 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.55 to 4.13 ...


The Science Of Protein, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Science Of Protein, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

The key objectives are to understand the difference between essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids.

Steps for protein digestion and absorption in the body.

Differences between high-quality and low-quality proteins, including food sources of each.

Understand the recommended protein intake for a given individual.


The Female Athlete Triad In Adolescent Athletes, Elise Withers, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Stacy Bevan, Katie N. Brown 2020 Utah State University

The Female Athlete Triad In Adolescent Athletes, Elise Withers, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Stacy Bevan, Katie N. Brown

All Current Publications

The number of teenage girls participating in sports has dramatically increased in the last few decades (Brown et al., 2017). With increased sports participation, the positive effects of physical activity have become obvious (Thein-Nissenbaum & Hammer, 2017). However, a set of health-related problems specific to female athletes, known as the female athlete triad (triad), has emerged. This fact sheet will cover what the triad is, why the triad occurs, and triad prevention and treatment.


Chronic Inflammation Was A Major Predictor And Determinant Factor Of Anemia In Lactating Women In Sidama Zone Southern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Taylor Roice, Barbara J. Stoecker 2020 Central Washington University

Chronic Inflammation Was A Major Predictor And Determinant Factor Of Anemia In Lactating Women In Sidama Zone Southern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Taylor Roice, Barbara J. Stoecker

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

Anemia in women of reproductive age is highly prevalent globally and remains a public health problem. In Ethiopia, despite efforts to minimize the burden of anemia, it is still a moderate public health problem. Anemia has various etiologies including nutritional deficiency, parasitic infection, and inflammation. The aim of this study was to examine contributing factors to anemia in lactating women. Following ethical approval, and six months after delivery, all lactating women (n = 150) were recruited to participate in this study from eight randomly selected rural villages. Anthropometric and socio-economic factors were assessed. From each, a blood sample was collected for ...


Health Claims On Food & Supplements: Fact Or Fiction?, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Health Claims On Food & Supplements: Fact Or Fiction?, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Learning how to understand health claims on foods and supplements.


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