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Full-Text Articles in Nutrition

The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales Dec 2022

The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background:

In the past years childhood obesity has increased tremendously and currently ⅓ of children in the United States are obese today. Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are illnesses that can later on lead to more severe health complications when as a child enters adulthood. Children who are obese have a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, and currently more than 80% of children who already are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are obese. In school and often by health care providers we are told daily physical activity and healthy diet are the best ways to maintain optimal health ...


Using Poultry To Enhance Food Security In Stann Creek, Belize, Emily Spatz Aug 2022

Using Poultry To Enhance Food Security In Stann Creek, Belize, Emily Spatz

Poultry Science Undergraduate Honors Theses

Food insecurity is a growing issue in developing and developed countries alike, and in countries like Belize, the prevalence of hunger has soared in recent years. Not having access to diets with sufficient calories and nutrients leads to a host of developmental issues, including stunting and cognitive delays. The purpose of this work was to create an all-encompassing manual for small-scale broiler production, with the intention of another honors student overseeing the implementation of the ideas set forth in the manual, in order to provide nourishment for the students and staff of a school in Belize. After determining that the ...


Health Status And Gender Identity Among Northern Illinois University Students, Faculty And Staff, Blake E. Rooker May 2022

Health Status And Gender Identity Among Northern Illinois University Students, Faculty And Staff, Blake E. Rooker

Honors Capstones

In the healthcare field, it is critical that practitioners understand their clients. Although support is growing, one of the least understood communities in society is the transgender community. The research set forth by this Capstone seeks to understand how the transgender community views the healthcare they receive. This will help future healthcare practitioners, including doctors, nurses, nutrition professionals, therapists, and so on, know how to best care for transgender clients.


Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill May 2022

Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill

Open Educational Resources

A wonderful blend of physiology, nutrition, biochemistry, genetics, biology, evolution, chemistry--what we all need to know as informed citizens. A basic knowledge of the life sciences and how our bodies work--to promote our own good health, especially as we're bombarded with misleading advertisements, soundbites, and the like. DNA fingerprinting, calorie requirements, dietary advice, genetic engineering (including gene editing with CRISPR cas9)--all in an easy-to understand book.


Fad Diets: Professional Development Needs Among Nutrition Agents In Select Southern States, Abigail P. Mcalister, Vicky L. Green, Simone Camel, Mary C. Fontenot, Janet F. Pope May 2022

Fad Diets: Professional Development Needs Among Nutrition Agents In Select Southern States, Abigail P. Mcalister, Vicky L. Green, Simone Camel, Mary C. Fontenot, Janet F. Pope

The Journal of Extension

Because FCS agents teach communities about dietary guidelines, it is important that they are aware of the latest nutrition research. This study assessed FCS agents’ knowledge of popular fad diets (low-carbohydrate, intermittent fasting, detoxes and cleanses) and their potential adverse effects, and its relationship among location, certifications, years of experience, professional association memberships, and education. Agents in Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and Mississippi were emailed a survey. RDN, DTR, and CHES certifications had significant associations (p = 0.03) with knowledge of adverse effects of fad diets. Agents who hold these credentials may have more knowledge about adverse effects of fad diets.


Cache Like A Squirrel: Effects Of Long Term Storage On Crude Fat Content Of Q. Palustris And Q. Alba Acorns, Cheyenne T. Villarosa, Sabrina Volponi, Timothy A. Kreps, Tamara L. Johnstone-Yellin May 2022

Cache Like A Squirrel: Effects Of Long Term Storage On Crude Fat Content Of Q. Palustris And Q. Alba Acorns, Cheyenne T. Villarosa, Sabrina Volponi, Timothy A. Kreps, Tamara L. Johnstone-Yellin

Honors Projects

Quercus palustris and Quercus alba acorns are a primary component in many wild animal diets, particularly during preparation for winter. As such, they provide a natural, easily gathered food staple for wildlife recovering in rehabilitation facilities. We examined whether collection and temperature-controlled storage methods differentially affect the nutritional deterioration of crude fat in acorns to assess both caching by wildlife and to provide recommendations to rehabilitators. We collected acorns from Q. palustris in 2020 (N=8) and Q. alba in 2017 (N=11) in Bridgewater, VA, USA. Acorns were dried for 7 days using a fan or for 30 minutes ...


Blue Zones: Unlocking Key Themes In The Centenarian's Life, Grace Beer, Grace O. Beer May 2022

Blue Zones: Unlocking Key Themes In The Centenarian's Life, Grace Beer, Grace O. Beer

Honors College Theses

Longevity has been sought after in certain areas of the world, and there are specific regions where this has been achieved. There is an American average life expectancy of 72 years old, but individuals in “Blue Zones” here in America and other areas of the world are expected to and have proven to live well beyond 100. The areas of Okinawa, Sardinia, Nicoya, Ikaria, and Loma Linda are classified as Blue Zones, and there could be more of an understanding of how these people live the way they do to have such healthy physical outcomes. To deeply understand the strategy ...


Food Allergy Education In The Hospitality Industry, Hayley Stull May 2022

Food Allergy Education In The Hospitality Industry, Hayley Stull

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Food allergies affect thousands of people, because hospitality foodservice workers come into contact with the public, it is necessary that they need to be fully trained to ensure the safety of the public. This is especially important for those who possess food allergies. Previous research has shown major gaps in knowledge amongst these workers, which can lead to the potential to harm individuals with a food allergy. There is a lack in the consistency of training specifically concerning food allergies for food service workers across all states in the U.S. There are previous forms of educational tools concerning food ...


Recipe Modification For Cardiovascular Health, Meg Tolbert May 2022

Recipe Modification For Cardiovascular Health, Meg Tolbert

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally. CVDs affect the heart and blood vessels. The most prominent CVDs are coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, and other conditions. More than four out of five CVD deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes.

The most important behavioral risk factors of heart disease and stroke are unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, but also include harmful abuse of tobacco and alcohol. These lifestyle factors display themselves as phenotypes like high blood pressure, high blood glucose and blood lipids, diabetes, and obesity. These risk factors, outside of genotype ...


The Art Of Nutrition, Kylanna Hardaway May 2022

The Art Of Nutrition, Kylanna Hardaway

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many colleges and universities offer students access to on-campus food pantries, yet very few students utilize these services despite reporting high rates of food insecurity. Considering the importance of a healthy diet on the developing minds of young adults, it is pertinent that colleges and universities find innovative ways to reach food insecure students. The purpose of this hybrid creative-research project was to creatively address commonly cited barriers of seeking food assistance (i.e., negative stigma, embarrassment, unknown location, awareness of resource, etc.) using public art. A mural was designed to encourage healthy eating behaviors and provide signage for the ...


Camp: Children’S Acceptance Of Muffins With Different Proteins, Amber Knoernschild May 2022

Camp: Children’S Acceptance Of Muffins With Different Proteins, Amber Knoernschild

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2019, around 40% of school-aged children in Arkansas were classified as overweight (~17%) and obese (~23%), according to BMI data collected. Children with obesity have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Unhealthy eating habits, such as skipping breakfast, have been strongly associated with overeating, weight gain and obesity. Breakfast is a key component of a healthy diet and can positively impact children’s health and well-being. However, there has been a steady decline in breakfast consumption in US children over the past 40 years. Specifically, breakfast consumption declined among 8–10-yearold children by 9 ...


Assessing Nutritional Health Knowledge In Sharing Clinic Patients With Diabetes, Minden Huntrods May 2022

Assessing Nutritional Health Knowledge In Sharing Clinic Patients With Diabetes, Minden Huntrods

Capstone Experience

Effective diabetes prevention and management relies on nutritional behaviors, thus a basic level of health knowledge is important for patients with diabetes and their caregivers in their quest to acquire acute glycemic control and minimize negative health outcomes (Ley et al., 2014). The purpose of this study was to assess the nutrition-related health knowledge of patients living with diabetes who are seen at the UNMC Sharing Clinic by use of a verbal questionnaire. This nutritional health knowledge assessment was a quantitative, prospective, survey-based study utilizing descriptive statistics. Approximately 86% of patients were proficient in food group and nutritious foods knowledge ...


The Effects Of Time Restricted Feeding On Markers Of Type 2 Diabetes, Brooke Martin May 2022

The Effects Of Time Restricted Feeding On Markers Of Type 2 Diabetes, Brooke Martin

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Type 2 diabetes is one of the fastest growing chronic diseases in the country, comprising 10% of the American population. Obesity rates are at an all-time high and greatly increase risk factors for developing diabetes. Insulin resistance is the main feature of type 2 diabetes and causes management of the disease to be extremely difficult. Currently there are different possible treatments for type 2 diabetes including medication and dieting. However, diets involving fasting, though high in popularity, do not have a lot of evidence regarding their ability to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.

Time restricted feeding (TRF) is ...


Role Of Mitochondria In Postmortem Proteolysis And Meat Tenderness, David Son Dang May 2022

Role Of Mitochondria In Postmortem Proteolysis And Meat Tenderness, David Son Dang

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Among all eating quality characteristics in beef, tenderness is regarded as one of the most important traits. Previous research indicates that consumers are willing to pay a premium for beef guaranteed to be tender. Yet, tenderness is difficult to control and predict as it is influenced by a multitude of factors. Among these factors, meat aging has been shown to be a strong determinant of tenderness. Meat aging describes a process in which muscle tissue is broken down by other proteins within the muscle, resulting in a more tender product after cooking. Two well-recognized proteins that participate in the breakdown ...


Eat Well, Be Well: Basic Needs Initiative's Online Hub For Nutrition Education, Misha Moseley May 2022

Eat Well, Be Well: Basic Needs Initiative's Online Hub For Nutrition Education, Misha Moseley

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Basic Needs Initiative at California State University, Monterey Bay is a department that provides students with food, housing, and wellness resources. Over half of the university's students experience food insecurity, and over 85% use non-academic resources to learn about nutrition. This project adds a dietary health section to the department’s website to increase students’ access to nutrition education. It addresses the micro-level agency problem that too few students eat a healthy, balanced diet. Unhealthy eating is a risk factor for food insecurity, so the project indirectly addresses the macro-level health problem that too many college students in California ...


Calcium Intake Among Parents And Caregivers Of Children With A Milk Allergy Or Intolerance : A Comparative Analysis, Ilana Dubrovsky-Razam May 2022

Calcium Intake Among Parents And Caregivers Of Children With A Milk Allergy Or Intolerance : A Comparative Analysis, Ilana Dubrovsky-Razam

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

Food allergies have become a global epidemic, affecting over 10% of the general population and 8% of children worldwide. Eliminating or limiting a food group from the diet can have adverse effects on micronutrient consumption. Milk allergies, for instance, can influence the amount of calcium consumed in the diet, particularly when limiting or excluding milk/milk-containing products from the diet. As milk products tend to be a primary source of dietary calcium, a milk allergy can serve as a barrier to meeting daily calcium needs.

Previous literature has analyzed the influence parents and caregivers have on their children’s diet ...


Burden Of Food Insecurity Among College Students: A Cross-Sectional Study During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Saba Sami May 2022

Burden Of Food Insecurity Among College Students: A Cross-Sectional Study During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Saba Sami

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Background: Food insecurity is lack of access to proper nutrition for an individual to obtain a healthy lifestyle. The goal of this research is to determine the frequency of food insecurity among college students at a four-year college institution during COVID-19 pandemic in association to mental and physical health status.

Methods: This study was conducted among college students using cross-sectional study method. All data were collection virtually and kept anonymous. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS version 28 with (p<.05), denoting significance.

Results: In the study there were a total of 98 participants who were being analyzed. All the participants were ...


The Effects Of Eating Habits On The Mental Health Of College Students, Erica Gaddie, Keren Fernandez Apr 2022

The Effects Of Eating Habits On The Mental Health Of College Students, Erica Gaddie, Keren Fernandez

Scholars Day Conference

Background: During the transition from late adolescence to young adulthood, the brain requires adequate nutrients to properly develop and prevent psychiatric disorders. However, as teens transition from high school to college, a pattern of high calorie and sugar intake, irregular meals, and lack of consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables becomes predominant. Since college students are at a greater risk of developing mental health disorders compared to other age groups, it is of interest to study the factors that affect this population's mental health.

Design: The design of the study was a survey administered in person. Data was collected ...


The Effects Of Covid-19 On Childhood Obesity: A Quasi-Systematic Review, Gwyneth Hadasa, Maria Urbina, Erica Gaddie, Detri Brech Apr 2022

The Effects Of Covid-19 On Childhood Obesity: A Quasi-Systematic Review, Gwyneth Hadasa, Maria Urbina, Erica Gaddie, Detri Brech

Scholars Day Conference

Background: Childhood obesity has been an ongoing public health concern through the years. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, schools went online causing changes in diet and physical activity of children. Children had a higher sedentary lifestyle than usual causing a decline of physical activity. This led to an increase on the prevalence of childhood obesity.

Objective: The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on lifestyle changes in childhood obesity regarding nutrition status and physical activity.

Method: A quasi-systematic review was conducted. ProQuest, EbscoHost, PubMed and journals such as the American Journal ...


The Correlation Between A Nutritious Diet And A Ouachita Baptist University Student's Academic Performance, Alyssa Huber, Kristen Dabov, Detri Brech Apr 2022

The Correlation Between A Nutritious Diet And A Ouachita Baptist University Student's Academic Performance, Alyssa Huber, Kristen Dabov, Detri Brech

Scholars Day Conference

Background: Current research indicates that college students, who are participating in little to no exercise and consuming an unbalanced diet heavily influenced by processed food and limited amounts of whole grains, fruit, vegetables, lean protein, and dairy can lead to poor academic performance.

Objective: To determine whether a positive correlation exists between a balanced diet, frequent exercise, and a college student's academic performance at Ouachita Baptist University (OBU).

Design: In August 2021, following the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, a research design involving the distribution of a questionnaire survey was conducted and given to students taking prerequisite nutrition classes ...


Sensory Evaluation Of Banana Bread Using Different Fat Substitutes, Keren Fernandez Apr 2022

Sensory Evaluation Of Banana Bread Using Different Fat Substitutes, Keren Fernandez

Scholars Day Conference

Background: Heart disease due to atherosclerosis is one of the most common causes of death in America. Atherosclerosis is caused by the high consumption of saturated and trans fats in the diet. One of the most common sources of this fats is sweetened breads. According to a study done by the Journal of American Dietetic Association of consumption patterns of Americans, it was found that 40% of the calories consumed by this population comes from empty sugar or fatty foods.1

Objective: To evaluate the acceptability in texture and flavor of banana bread cooked with different fat substitutes in comparison ...


Sensory Evaluation Of Black Bean Brownies Prepared With Sugar Substitutes, Erica Gaddie Apr 2022

Sensory Evaluation Of Black Bean Brownies Prepared With Sugar Substitutes, Erica Gaddie

Scholars Day Conference

Introduction: Diseases such as heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes mellitus are some of the leading causes of death in the world; however, these life-threatening diseases can be prevented with diet Since sugar has the potential to contribute to hyperglycemia, obesity, hypertension, and inflammation; alternatives were used to replace the potentially harmful granulated sugar. Black bean brownies are a way to reduce carbohydrate intake while an increase in protein, fiber, unsaturated fat, flavanols, and antioxidants is present

Objective: To produce a heart-healthy, nutrient dense brownie with a low glycemic index, while also providing other health benefits.

Methodology ...


Sensory Evaluation Of Brownies Prepared With Different Types Of Fat, Maria Urbina Apr 2022

Sensory Evaluation Of Brownies Prepared With Different Types Of Fat, Maria Urbina

Scholars Day Conference

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one leading cause of death in current society due to the popularity of high consumption of fatty foods which affects the heart. Many dietitians and other health care professionals suggests the in order to decrease the risk for CVD the patients must lower the consumption of saturated fats in the diet and replace them for healthy fats such as monosaturated and polysaturated fats. With providing patients a lower fat/ saturated fats options and still appealing food alternative, it can help lower the risk for heart disease.

Methods: There was a total of 26 ...


Use Of Milk Alternatives In A Muffin Mix To Determine Acceptance For Lactose Intolerant Individuals, Meg Atchison Apr 2022

Use Of Milk Alternatives In A Muffin Mix To Determine Acceptance For Lactose Intolerant Individuals, Meg Atchison

Scholars Day Conference

Background: Lactose intolerant individuals are faced with the challenge of finding alternatives to dairy containing foods and beverages.

Objective: The objective of the project is to see the effects that non-dairy milk substitutes have on muffins that are made from a mix.

Methods: Twenty judges completed a sensory scorecard evaluation to evaluate various aspects of four different muffins prepared with whole milk as the control, as well as almond milk, water, and soymilk. Microsoft excel was used to chart scorecard data and nutritionist pro was used to conduct a nutrient analysis.

Results: Almond milk had the highest scores for all ...


Weekly Consuption Of Fruits And Vegetables Among Undergraduate Students, Ashleigh Batte, Angelica Montes, Detri Brech Apr 2022

Weekly Consuption Of Fruits And Vegetables Among Undergraduate Students, Ashleigh Batte, Angelica Montes, Detri Brech

Scholars Day Conference

Background - Intake of fruits and vegetables is important in the overall health and wellness of individuals. Diseases such as coronary heart disease, diabetes and some cancers can be associated with a healthy lifestyle including a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.1 Fruits and vegetables are high in micronutrients and antioxidants that are beneficial to our health. 2,3

Objective - The purpose of this study is to understand the choices students make regarding food after leaving their family homes. To see when left on their own and the influence of their new college lifestyle has affected their diets. This study ...


Examining The Perspectives And Experiences Of Nutrition Educators Working With Clients In Substance Use Recovery Settings, Cora Teets, Paula Plonski, Omolola Adedokun, Heather Norman-Burgdolf Apr 2022

Examining The Perspectives And Experiences Of Nutrition Educators Working With Clients In Substance Use Recovery Settings, Cora Teets, Paula Plonski, Omolola Adedokun, Heather Norman-Burgdolf

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Substance use disorder (SUD) is one of the most detrimental health, social, and economic problems in the United States. Limited studies suggest providing tailored nutrition education during SUD treatment correlates with positive recovery outcomes. The University of Kentucky Nutrition Education Program conducted two focus group sessions to explore and determine educators’ instructional and programmatic needs who deliver nutrition education to clients in substance use recovery throughout Kentucky. The study team identified four emerging themes and several subthemes related to Nutrition Education Program educators working with clientele in recovery. The four emerging themes included: (1) current experiences working with the audience ...


Evaluation Of Artificial Sweeteners: Their Effects On Ice Cream Properties And Public Acceptance, Gwyneth Hadasa Apr 2022

Evaluation Of Artificial Sweeteners: Their Effects On Ice Cream Properties And Public Acceptance, Gwyneth Hadasa

Honors Theses

Background: The public is becoming more health conscious while sugar consumption, particularly frozen desserts, remains high. An evaluation of sugar alternatives that can maintain integrity of a product while providing fewer deleterious effects is necessary.

Objective: To assess the impacts of sugar alternatives on homemade vanilla ice cream while gathering information on a community’s opinion of the effects.

Method: Ice cream samples made with sugar (control), Sweet’N Low®, Equal®, Splenda®, Stevia®, and monk fruit sweeteners were prepared for a taste test. A sensory evaluation was conducted on March 31, 2022 at Ouachita Baptist University. Microsoft Excel® was utilized ...


A Targeted Nutrition Protocol For The Prevention And Treatment Of Depression: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Nicole Koci, Camilla A. Mirkin Apr 2022

A Targeted Nutrition Protocol For The Prevention And Treatment Of Depression: A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Nicole Koci, Camilla A. Mirkin

Department of Nutrition Final Projects

Rates of depression have been rising steadily over the last several decades with more than 264 million people affected, making it one of the top three burdens globally. The pandemic has brought on a greater risk of depression. Forty-two percent of individuals surveyed in December 2020 by the US Census Bureau reported depressive symptoms. Many factors, including poor diet quality, play a role in the development of depression during traumatic events like the pandemic. A low-quality dietary pattern has been associated with obesity, low-grade chronic inflammation, dysbiosis, increased cortisol levels and monoamine neurotransmitter deficiency. Among others, these factors have been ...


Plant Wise, Sophia Llamas Apr 2022

Plant Wise, Sophia Llamas

Honors Projects

Conceptually, Plant Wise is the key to bridging the gap between preconceived ideas about vegan and vegetarianism and successfully integrating plant-based foods into your everyday life. Physically, Plant Wise is a self-educational, interactive booklet chock-full of activities intended for users to complete at their own pace. Inside this 56-page booklet, there are recipes, doodling spaces, weekly check sheets, activities to do with friends and family, challenges, and so much more. Plant Wise utilizes these activities and journaling opportunities throughout as a self-reflective vehicle to give users an experience to reflect on, which aids in the retention of what’s been ...


El Salvador's Food Clock, Zarea Collins Apr 2022

El Salvador's Food Clock, Zarea Collins

Undergraduate Research Conference

The initial concept stemmed from an honors project collaboration. The project was a research paper on the evolution of El Salvador’s food culture. Topics discussed were El Salvador's food culture, focusing on the history, staple foods, food medicine, dietetics, and how the country has been impacted by the expansion of globalization. Additionally, the relationship between medical conditions and how dietitians respond to them are further explored. Globalization has negatively impacted El Salvador's health status, dietary practices, and ingrained poor habits that will be carried on for generations.