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The Effects Of Veganism On Endurance Running Performance, Wesley Toh, Kristle Ann Garcia, Ishwin Mann, Saw Caesar Htoo, Nor Natasha Amir 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Effects Of Veganism On Endurance Running Performance, Wesley Toh, Kristle Ann Garcia, Ishwin Mann, Saw Caesar Htoo, Nor Natasha Amir

Introduction to Research Methods RSCH 202

With the growing interest in veganism and its potential health benefits to athletes, it is imperative to consider whether dietary practices could influence athletic performance. The purpose of this research is to find out whether veganism leads to a better performance in endurance runners. We also examine recent studies that attempt to highlight the positive and negative impacts of veganism on athletes’ health. This study adopts a similar framework to the Nutritional and Running High Mileage (NURMI) study, which aims to investigate the relationship between different diet types and running performance. 200 volunteers in Singapore will participate in a cross-sectional ...


Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu

Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications

© The Author(s) 2021. Consuming 5 or more cups of fruits and vegetables (F & V) per day or 400 g/day for adults is advocated by most health authorities and has short-term and long-term health benefits. There have been numerous studies examining dietary behaviors among different US populations; however, the literature on F & V consumption behavior among Asian Americans (AAs) is sparse. AAs constitute a diverse group and as their population continues to grow in the US; there is a greater need to examine the health practices of AAs and their constituent subgroups. The study aimed to conduct a thematic analysis based on a scoping review of the peer-reviewed published literature over the past 15 years targeting F & V consumption among AAs. The thematic analysis was organized around the prevalence, consequences, determinants, and interventions (n = 33). AAs consuming recommended servings of F & V ranged from 0.5% to 20%. Correlations between the consumption of F & V and Body ...


Advance Quantity Meal Preparation Pilot Program Improves Home-Cooked Meal Consumption, Cooking Attitudes, And Self-Efficacy, Shannon Mendez, Jamie Kubota, Adrianne Widaman, John Gieng 2021 San Jose State University

Advance Quantity Meal Preparation Pilot Program Improves Home-Cooked Meal Consumption, Cooking Attitudes, And Self-Efficacy, Shannon Mendez, Jamie Kubota, Adrianne Widaman, John Gieng

Faculty Publications

Objective

To evaluate the effects of a group-based Advance Quantity Meal Preparation (AQMP) program on the consumption of home-cooked meals, cooking attitudes, and self-efficacy in healthy adults.

Methods

Participants (n = 10) in a group setting prepared healthy meals weekly consisting of 10 entrees and 5 snacks for 6 weeks. A survey assessing cooking attitudes, cooking self-efficacy, and cooking behavior and consumption at 3 time points: preprogram, postprogram (T2), and 3 months postprogram (T3).

Results

The AQMP program increased the proportion of overall home-cooked meal consumption (T2, P = 0.03), home-cooked dinner consumption (T2, P = 0.04), cooking attitudes (T3, P ...


Assessing Food Quality And Regulations At Homeless Shelters In Philadelphia, Emily Casaletto, Rickie Brawer, PhD, MPH, MCHES 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Assessing Food Quality And Regulations At Homeless Shelters In Philadelphia, Emily Casaletto, Rickie Brawer, Phd, Mph, Mches

Phase 1

Introduction: Nutritional diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and cholesterol disorders are particularly high among individuals experiencing homelessness in comparison to the general United States population, leading the propagation of chronic health conditions and overuse of expensive healthcare resources. In addition, the food served in homeless shelters is the main source of nutrition for those living in these shelters, most notably when there is no option for food storage available. Despite the disproportionate prevalence of nutrition-related diseases among the homeless population, there is limited research on the quality of the food provided in homeless shelters and there are few policies to ...


Ingredient Substitutions And Equivalents, Ann Henderson, SuzAnne Jorgenson, Susan Haws 2021 Utah State University Extension

Ingredient Substitutions And Equivalents, Ann Henderson, Suzanne Jorgenson, Susan Haws

All Current Publications

This fact sheet lists substitutions for leavening agents, liquids, sugars, flour, fats, rice and pasta, spices and miscellaneous items. Also lists equivalent measurements.


Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill 2021 San Jose State University

Science, Physiology, And Nutrition For The Nonscientist, Judi S. Morrill

Open Educational Resources

A wonderful blend of physiology, nutrition, biochemistry, genetics, biology, evolution, chemistry--what we all need to know as informed citizens. A basic knowledge of the life sciences and how our bodies work--to promote our own good health, especially as we're bombarded with misleading advertisements, soundbites, and the like. DNA fingerprinting, calorie requirements, dietary advice, genetic engineering (including gene editing with CRISPR cas9)--all in an easy-to understand book.


Excessive Intake Of Iodine And Low Prevalence Of Goiter In School Age Children Five Years After Implementation Of National Salt Iodization In Shebedino Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaya, Barbara J. Stoecker, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay 2021 Hawassa University

Excessive Intake Of Iodine And Low Prevalence Of Goiter In School Age Children Five Years After Implementation Of National Salt Iodization In Shebedino Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, Elilta Elias, Workneh Tsegaya, Barbara J. Stoecker, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

Background

Iodine is a trace element required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The multiple effects of iodine deficiency on human health are called iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs). IDDs have been common nutritional problems in Ethiopia. In 2012, Ethiopia launched a national salt iodization program to address IDDs. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of this program after 5 years by measuring urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and prevalence of goiter in school age children as well as household salt iodine concentration (SIC).

Methods

A school-based cross-sectional design was employed. After ethical approval, 408 children from eight ...


Virtual Reality As A Tool To Study The Influence Of The Eating Environment On Eating Behavior: A Feasibility Study, James H. Oliver, James Hollis 2021 Iowa State University

Virtual Reality As A Tool To Study The Influence Of The Eating Environment On Eating Behavior: A Feasibility Study, James H. Oliver, James Hollis

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

In this manuscript, we describe a new approach to study the effect of the eating environment on food intake and eating behavior using virtual reality technology. Fifteen adults consumed pizza rolls in two virtual reality (VR) environments: a restaurant and a table in an empty room. The participants’ food intake, eating parameters (e.g., masticatory parameters and eating rate), and their sensory evaluation of the test food was measured. The participants’ sense of presence (the feeling of being in the virtual environment) and markers of arousal were also measured. There was no statistical significant difference in food intake or the ...


A Christian Guide To Body Stewardship, Diet And Exercise, David D. Peterson, Jeremy M. Kimble, Trent A. Rogers, Don Cameron Davis 2021 Cedarville University

A Christian Guide To Body Stewardship, Diet And Exercise, David D. Peterson, Jeremy M. Kimble, Trent A. Rogers, Don Cameron Davis

Cedrus Press Publications

No abstract provided.


Sattvic Diet And All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review, Nrsimha Ghosh 2021 The University of Akron

Sattvic Diet And All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review, Nrsimha Ghosh

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A sattvic diet is a diet characterized by a moderate intake of food that is not reheated and is only eaten twice daily. It is mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures such as the Srimad Bhagavad-gita. This paper aims to compare foods and habits considered to be sattvic with those considered to be rajasic and tamasic (those outside of the diet) in regard to all-cause mortality. Because of the many variable factors of all three diets, specific words mentioned in the texts were used to search Google Scholar, Agricola, Medline, Food Science Source, CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library Online, PubMed, Health Source ...


The Effect Of Physically Effective Undegradable Neutral Detergent Fiber And Rumen Fermentable Starch On Lactating Holstein Cows, Katherine Mae Smith 2021 University of Vermont

The Effect Of Physically Effective Undegradable Neutral Detergent Fiber And Rumen Fermentable Starch On Lactating Holstein Cows, Katherine Mae Smith

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

In the dairy industry, a common way of adding energy to the diet is in the form of fermentable starch. However, an overabundance of fermentable carbohydrates can cause a buildup of volatile fatty acids that exceed the buffering capacity of the rumen. These changes can lead to negative health consequences such as subacute rumen acidosis and milk fat depression. Not only does a cow need readily fermentable sources of energy in her diet, but she also needs physically effective structural carbohydrates.Fiber has been a difficult portion of the diet to characterize as both the chemical and physical properties are ...


Strength And Body Composition Changes Of Junior Hockey Players During The Competitive Season, Dan Marquette 2021 South Dakota State University

Strength And Body Composition Changes Of Junior Hockey Players During The Competitive Season, Dan Marquette

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: This study investigated the body composition and strength changes of NAHL junior hockey players across a competitive season. It was hypothesized that players would lose lean body mass loss from pre-season to end-season. The secondary hypothesis was that players would lose strength in relation to the anticipated loss in lean body mass. Methods: Outcome measurements were taken at pre-season, mid-season, and endseason points of a competitive NAHL junior hockey season (n = 15, age = 19.1 years). Body composition was measured using air plethysmography (BodPod) and strength was measured using isokinetic strength testing (Biodex). Results: No significant changes in body ...


Differential Effects Of Whole Red Raspberry Polyphenols And Their Gut Metabolite Urolithin A On Neuroinflammation In Bv-2 Microglia, Ashley Mulcahy Toney, Mahaa Albusharif, Duncan Works, Luke Polenz, Stacie Schlange, Virginia Chaidez, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Soonkyu Chung 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Differential Effects Of Whole Red Raspberry Polyphenols And Their Gut Metabolite Urolithin A On Neuroinflammation In Bv-2 Microglia, Ashley Mulcahy Toney, Mahaa Albusharif, Duncan Works, Luke Polenz, Stacie Schlange, Virginia Chaidez, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Soonkyu Chung

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

Whole red raspberry polyphenols (RRW), including ellagic acid, and their gut-derived metabolite, urolithin A (UroA), attenuate inflammation and confer health benefits. Although results from recent studies indicate that polyphenols and UroA also provide neuroprotective effects, these compounds differ in their bioavailability and may, therefore, have unique effects on limiting neuroinflammation. Accordingly, we aimed to compare the neuroprotective effects of RRW and UroA on BV-2 microglia under both 3 h and 12 and 24 h inflammatory conditions. In inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and ATP stimulation after 3 h, RRW and UroA suppressed pro- inflammatory cytokine gene expression and regulated the ...


Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr 2021 Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India

Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Nutrition therapy has lately gained attention as an effective way of combating the novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), especially to address the immunity in an individual and their overall health. The present study is a bibliometric assessment of research conducted to understand the role of nutrition in treating COVID-19 which was carried out since the pandemic's sudden outburst during 2020 and 2021 and published in the Scopus database. A total of 93 publications were found, and the results were studied by evaluating these documents. The present analysis identifies the active countries where the research was conducted, various types of documents ...


Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler 2021 Iowa State University

Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler

Animal Science Publications

Although pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 ± 2 ...


Effects Of Increasing Dietary Oil Inclusion From Different Sources On Growth Performance, Carcass And Meat Quality Traits, And Fatty Acid Profile In Genetically Lean Immunocastrated Male Pigs, V. V. Almeida, J. P. M. Silva, A. P. Schinckel, A. N. Meira, G. C. M. Costa Monteiro Moreira, J. D. Gomes, M, D. Poleti, M. D. B. Dargelio, I. Patinho, C. J. Contreras-Castillo, L. L. Coutinho, G. B. Mourão, J. M. Reecy, D. Koltes, N. V. L. Serão, L. C. A. Regitano, H. Fukumasu, A. P. L. Brustolini, S. M. Alencar, A. Luchiari Filho, A. S. M. Cesar 2021 Federal University of Goiás

Effects Of Increasing Dietary Oil Inclusion From Different Sources On Growth Performance, Carcass And Meat Quality Traits, And Fatty Acid Profile In Genetically Lean Immunocastrated Male Pigs, V. V. Almeida, J. P. M. Silva, A. P. Schinckel, A. N. Meira, G. C. M. Costa Monteiro Moreira, J. D. Gomes, M, D. Poleti, M. D. B. Dargelio, I. Patinho, C. J. Contreras-Castillo, L. L. Coutinho, G. B. Mourão, J. M. Reecy, D. Koltes, N. V. L. Serão, L. C. A. Regitano, H. Fukumasu, A. P. L. Brustolini, S. M. Alencar, A. Luchiari Filho, A. S. M. Cesar

Animal Science Publications

Background There has been an increased interest in nutritional strategies to manipulate the fatty acid profile of pigs. Dietary regimens involving the use of oils that are high in monosaturated fatty acid (MUFA), primarily oleic acid (OA), such as canola oil (CO), as well as in omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), which are found in fish oil (FO), have been investigated aiming healthier fatty acid profile cuts, with a higher ratio of n-3 to n-6 fatty acids. Therefore, the effects of including 3% soybean oil (SO), CO, or FO in growing-finishing pig diets vs. feeding a standard commercial ...


Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag 2021 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Dementia is a syndrome that affects millions worldwide. The syndrome can cause great distress not only for the diagnosed individual but also for the family and friends who provide care. It is known that many caregivers for people with dementia face difficulties in planning and preparing meals, feeding, and making nutritional decisions for their loved ones. Several diets have been shown to assist with dementia-related symptoms pre and post diagnosis. However, what is unknown is whether caregivers are aware of the benefits of these diets and what the barriers are to implementing them into their nutrition regime. This study surveyed ...


Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin 2021 Mayo Clinic

Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin

Animal Sentience

We are grateful to all of our commentators. They have provided a wide range of valuable perspectives and insights from many fields, revealing a broad interest in the subject matter. Nearly all the commentaries have helped to affirm, refine, expand, amplify, deepen, interpret, elaborate, or apply the messages in the target article. Some have offered critiques and suggestions that help us address certain issues in greater detail, including several points concerning industrialized farming and the wildlife trade. Overall, there is great awareness and strong consensus among commentators that any solution for preventing future pandemics and other related health crises must ...


Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek 2021 Edith Cowan University

Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021 The Authors. Journal of School Health published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of American School Health Association. BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined nutrition-related topics among adolescent students attending schools with different Indices of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA). METHOD: Participating students (N = 206) from 5 schools in Western Australia completed a paper-based questionnaire on nutrition-related topics. Frequencies and independent chi-square tests were used to identify differences between sexes and school ICSEA. RESULTS: Of the participating students, 75% were interested in learning about 8 of 16 topics. We found statistically significant differences by sex (p < .01) for “Eating the right foods for preventing illness and disease,” “Eating the right food for being active” among girls, and “Reducing food waste” among boys. We also noted differences by school ICSEA. CONCLUSION: Acknowledging sex and socioeducational differences in teaching and learning may help teachers to engage adolescent students in nutrition education.


A Narrative Review Of Grocery Store Interventions On Improving Healthy Food Purchases, Kylie Serie 2021 South Dakota State University

A Narrative Review Of Grocery Store Interventions On Improving Healthy Food Purchases, Kylie Serie

Health and Nutritional Sciences Graduate Students Plan B Capstone Projects

Objective: The objective of the literature review was to understand and review current research in the area of grocery store interventions to improve purchasing of healthy foods.
Methods
: PubMed and web-based searches were done for original research literature that looked at supermarket and grocery store interventions promoting healthy food choices. The literature could include qualitative and quantitative data. Keywords that were used include: “grocery store,” “interventions,” “healthy eating,” “supermarket,” “healthy foods,” “store intervention,” “food retail intervention,” “convenience store.”
Results:
The review showed that there are studies on supermarket interventions. Interventions that showed positive outcomes were those that had direct customer ...


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