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Food Insecurity As A Continuum: Investigating The Emotional Well-Being Of Parents, Monquie Villamor 2020 University of North Florida

Food Insecurity As A Continuum: Investigating The Emotional Well-Being Of Parents, Monquie Villamor

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Household food insecurity is one of the United States’ leading public health concerns that affects millions of families every year. Current literature has mainly focused on the impact of food insecurity on multidimensional outcomes of children (Jyoti et al., 2005; Shankar et al., 2017). However, there is limited research on parents’ experiences and the distinct levels of food insecurity outlined by the USDA. The present study investigates parents’ emotional well-being in association with levels of food insecurity and participation in food assistance programs. It is hypothesized that increased severity of food insecurity will be associated with poorer emotional well-being in ...


Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak 2020 Auburn University

Relationship Satisfaction & Diet: Exploring The Mechanisms Through Which Intimate Relationships Influence Physical Health, Lindsey Robinson, Dylan Hillock, Dr. Josh Novak

Southeastern Council on Family Relations Conference

Understanding how intimate relationships influence physical health has been an important topic of focus; however, research remains unclear on the mechanisms through which this influence occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine how relationship satisfaction relates to diet quality, through mental health (depression and anxiety) and diet self-efficacy. Using a dyadic mediation model with a sample of 234 heterosexual couples, researchers found that women's higher relationship satisfaction was associated with better diet through lower depression and higher diet self-efficacy. Results revealed the same association between women's relationship satisfaction and diet through lower anxiety. Interestingly, rather than ...


Stunting And Infectious Disease In Ethiopian And Zambian Children, Alyssa Arndt 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Stunting And Infectious Disease In Ethiopian And Zambian Children, Alyssa Arndt

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether children who are malnourished/stunted are more likely to have experienced infectious disease.

METHODS: 6th and 7th students (n=546) were interviewed about health history and assessed using anthropometry.

RESULTS: Children who are short for their age also have higher rates of stunting. Malaria is the most experienced infectious disease.

CONCLUSIONS: Given that malaria was the most common infectious disease experience listed among middle school children, and that those who have experienced disease are more likely to be stunted, increased malaria prevention methods may improve the long-term health of Ethiopian and Zambian schoolchildren.


Use Of A Novel Whole-Body Imaging Approach To Predict Resting Metabolic Rates In Athletes, Nicole Vencil 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Use Of A Novel Whole-Body Imaging Approach To Predict Resting Metabolic Rates In Athletes, Nicole Vencil

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Prediction of energy expenditure allows for calculation of appropriate energy requirements, which is especially important for athletes. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) is the greatest contributor to total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and is typically measured via indirect calorimetry. Indirect calorimetry is not always available, which results in the need for predictive equations. Most predictive equations have been developed with participants resembling the general population and have not been found to be appropriate for athletes, as they may incorrectly predict RMR due to the unique differences of body composition between athletes and the general population. The purpose of the present study ...


Mothers’ Experience With Infant Complementary Feeding Practices: A Phenomenological Study., Tyler Martin 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Mothers’ Experience With Infant Complementary Feeding Practices: A Phenomenological Study., Tyler Martin

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Background. Complementary feeding practices include what, when, and how to feed (Birch and Doub, 2014). The gradual transition from feeding exclusively human milk, formula milk, or a combination of both to complementary foods over the first 24 months of life is necessary to ensure proper growth and development (Dewey, 2001; Pearce & Langley-Evans, 2013). While research does exist on complementary feeding, such as infant diet composition, limited research exists on exploring complementary feeding practices from first-time mothers’ experiences.

Methods. This study utilized transcendental phenomenological qualitative research methodology. A pilot tested semi-structured interview guide was used to examine demographics as well as mothers’ experiences with complementary feeding practices.

Results. Most (73%) of participants received complementary feeding information from their pediatrician. Eight themes emerged from the data. The themes included: “Going in Pretty Blind;” An Array of Feelings; “What the Heck is This;” “Food is Fun Until One;” “The Whole Allergy Concept;” Challenges to Complementary Feeding; Support Systems make Complementary Feeding Easier; and Cues to Start Complementary Feeding.

Conclusion. These findings are important to the field of nutrition and provide nutrition professionals with ...


Comparisons Of Celiac Disease And Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Victoria Thomas 2020 Liberty University

Comparisons Of Celiac Disease And Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Victoria Thomas

Senior Honors Theses

Celiac disease (CD) and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) are often confused or grouped together due to their commonalities. However, this is careless behavior because there are clinically significant differences between the two diseases. Similarities between them include varying degrees of damage or permeability in the lining of the small intestine, involvement of the innate immune system, alleviation of symptoms upon implementation of a gluten-free diet (GFD), and the possibility for complications if the pathology is not adequately treated. Despite these similarities, minor details such as the following make CD and NCGS worth differentiating: the question of gluten as the true ...


Celery, Marie Stosich, Hilari Holgren 2020 Utah State University

Celery, Marie Stosich, Hilari Holgren

All Current Publications

This publication guide to eating, selecting, cooking, and storing celery.


Jalapeno Peppers, Amanda Christensen 2020 Utah State University

Jalapeno Peppers, Amanda Christensen

All Current Publications

This publication is part of the Create Better Health Guide to Eating Healthy and includes tips on selecting, growing, preparing, and storing jalapeno peppers.


Cilantro, Amanda Christensen 2020 Utah State University

Cilantro, Amanda Christensen

All Current Publications

This publication is part of the Create Better Health Guide to Eating Healthy and includes tips on selecting, growing, preparing, and storing cilantro.


Pumpkins, Amanda Christensen 2020 Utah State University

Pumpkins, Amanda Christensen

All Current Publications

This publication is part of the Create Better Health Guide to Eating Healthy and includes tips on selecting, growing, preparing, and storing pumpkins.


Are Dietary Fish Oil Supplements Appropriate For Dyslipidemia Management? A Review Of The Evidence, Samuel C. R. Sherratt, Michael Lero, R. Preston Mason 2020 Elucida Research LLC

Are Dietary Fish Oil Supplements Appropriate For Dyslipidemia Management? A Review Of The Evidence, Samuel C. R. Sherratt, Michael Lero, R. Preston Mason

Open Access Articles

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to assess whether dietary fish oil supplements can be appropriate for patients with elevated triglycerides and cardiovascular risk based on a comprehensive analysis of their composition, and level of regulatory oversight.

RECENT FINDINGS: Approximately 19 million people in the United States take fish oil supplements, many for the purpose of treating or preventing heart disease. Unlike prescription products, fish oil supplements are classified as food by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are not required to undergo manufacturing oversight or clinical testing. Analysis of widely used dietary fish oil supplements ...


Racial-Ethnic Disparities In Prediabetes And Diabetes Among Us Adults, Carly Selleck, Jennifer R. McAtee, Weiwen Chai 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Racial-Ethnic Disparities In Prediabetes And Diabetes Among Us Adults, Carly Selleck, Jennifer R. Mcatee, Weiwen Chai

UCARE Research Products

Type-2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease affecting more than3 4 million Americans or 10.5% of the population [1]. While almost 90% of people are not aware of their prediabetes status, around 88 million adults are considered to be prediabetic [2]. Without any prevention methods, 70% of prediabetes cases will eventually develop into diabetes[3]. While the development of type-2 diabetes is multifactorial, lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity as well as socioeconomic (SES) factors such as poverty and education can be main contributors [4]. This study aimed to assess racial-ethnic differences in SES, lifestyle factors and ...


Cherries, Janet Smith, Anita Raddatz 2020 Utah State University

Cherries, Janet Smith, Anita Raddatz

All Current Publications

This publication is part of the Create Better Health Guide to Eating Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and includes information on selecting, preparing, cooking, and storing cherries.


Cauliflower, Janet Smith 2020 Utah State University

Cauliflower, Janet Smith

All Current Publications

This publication is part of the Create Better Health Guide to Eating Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and includes information on selecting, preparing, cooking, and storing cauliflower.


A Syringe-Based Biosensor To Rapidly Detect Low Levels Of Escherichia Coli (Ecor13) In Drinking Water Using Engineered Bacteriophages, Troy C. Hinkley, Spencer Garing, Paras Jain, John Williford, Anne-Laure M. Le Ny, Kevin P. Nichols, Joseph E. Peters, Joey N. Talbert, Sam R. Nugen 2020 Cornell University

A Syringe-Based Biosensor To Rapidly Detect Low Levels Of Escherichia Coli (Ecor13) In Drinking Water Using Engineered Bacteriophages, Troy C. Hinkley, Spencer Garing, Paras Jain, John Williford, Anne-Laure M. Le Ny, Kevin P. Nichols, Joseph E. Peters, Joey N. Talbert, Sam R. Nugen

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

A sanitized drinking water supply is an unconditional requirement for public health and the overall prosperity of humanity. Potential microbial and chemical contaminants of drinking water have been identified by a joint effort between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), who together establish guidelines that define, in part, that the presence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in drinking water is an indication of inadequate sanitation and a significant health risk. As E. coli is a nearly ubiquitous resident of mammalian gastrointestinal tracts, no detectable counts in 100 mL of drinking water is the ...


Donating Safe And Wholesome Food, Brian Nummer, Paula Scott 2020 Utah State University

Donating Safe And Wholesome Food, Brian Nummer, Paula Scott

All Current Publications

Americans dispose of millions of pounds of tons of food, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that 11.8 percent of American households, or about 15 million, had difficulty providing enough food for all their family members (Coleman-Jensen et al., 2018). Much of the food disposed into landfills is wholesome and edible. This fact sheet outlines how a potential food donor can get started and get food into the hands of the needy.


Scaling Human Fiber Intakes For Mouse Microbiome Studies, Robert E. Ward 2020 Utah State University

Scaling Human Fiber Intakes For Mouse Microbiome Studies, Robert E. Ward

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo 2020 Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Rs Content And Egi Value Of Cooked Noodles (I): Effect Of Cooking Methods, Yu Tian, Ming Li, Aoxing Tang, Jay-Lin Jane, Sushil Dhital, Boli Guo

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Noodles are widely consumed in China, which can be cooked in different ways. The effects of different cooking methods (boiling, steaming, microwave heating, stir-frying and frying) on the resistance starch (RS) content and digestive properties (digestion rate, digestibility and estimated glycemic index (eGI) value) of noodles were investigated. The RS content was greatly affected by the cooking time, and it was varied when the noodles were optimally cooked using different cooking methods. The RS contents of the microwaved and stir-fried noodles were relatively high (0.59%–0.99%), but it was lower (0.43%–0.44%) in the boiled and ...


Rockets: Reaching Our Community Through Kindness, Education, Togetherness And Stem – A Sustainable Communities Project In Sumter County, Georgia, Crystal Perry 2020 University of Georgia

Rockets: Reaching Our Community Through Kindness, Education, Togetherness And Stem – A Sustainable Communities Project In Sumter County, Georgia, Crystal Perry

National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah

This poster session highlights the ROCKETS program implemented in Sumter County Schools through UGA Extension. Through the ROCKETS Project in-school sessions, youth with disabilities are provided additional opportunities to belong to a larger group of youth through the Georgia 4-H Program. The ROCKETS Project focuses on Agricultural literacy and STEM education as content areas to cultivate, recruit and graduate the next generation of a highly-skilled diverse workforce.


Provider Reported Implementation Of Nutrition-Related Practices In Childcare Centers And Family Childcare Homes In Rural And Urban Nebraska, Dipti Dev, Aileen Garcia, David A. Dzewaltowski, Susan Sisson, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Zainab Rida, Natalie A. Williams, Carly Hillburn, Danae Dinkel, Deepa Srivastava, Christina Burger, Emily Hulse, Donnia Behrends, Natasha Frost 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Provider Reported Implementation Of Nutrition-Related Practices In Childcare Centers And Family Childcare Homes In Rural And Urban Nebraska, Dipti Dev, Aileen Garcia, David A. Dzewaltowski, Susan Sisson, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Zainab Rida, Natalie A. Williams, Carly Hillburn, Danae Dinkel, Deepa Srivastava, Christina Burger, Emily Hulse, Donnia Behrends, Natasha Frost

Counseling and Human Development Faculty Publications

Approximately 15 million children under age 6 are in childcare settings, offering childcare providers an opportunity to influence children’s dietary intake. Childcare settings vary in organizational structure – childcare centers (CCCs) vs. family childcare homes (FCCHs) – and in geographical location – urban vs. rural. Research on the nutrition-related best practices across these childcare settings is scarce. The objective of this study is to compare nutrition-related best practices of CCCs and FCCHs that participate in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) in rural and urban Nebraska. Nebraska providers (urban n = 591; rural n = 579) reported implementation level, implementation difficulty and ...


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