Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nutrition Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,878 Full-Text Articles 8,447 Authors 1,572,945 Downloads 188 Institutions

All Articles in Nutrition

Faceted Search

4,878 full-text articles. Page 6 of 158.

Healthy Weight Management For Teens, University of New England Applied Nutrition Program 2019 University of New England

Healthy Weight Management For Teens, University Of New England Applied Nutrition Program

All Student-Created Educational Resources

This handout has been created to educate teenagers on healthy eating tips and physical activity to maintain a healthy weight across a lifespan.


Healthy Weight Management For Teens, University of New England Applied Nutrition Program 2019 University of New England

Healthy Weight Management For Teens, University Of New England Applied Nutrition Program

All Student-Created Educational Resources

This handout has been created to educate teenagers on healthy eating tips and physical activity to maintain a healthy weight across a lifespan.


Healthy Choices: The Building Blocks Of A Healthy Lifestyle (An Educational Handout), University of New England Applied Nutrition Program 2019 University of New England

Healthy Choices: The Building Blocks Of A Healthy Lifestyle (An Educational Handout), University Of New England Applied Nutrition Program

All Student-Created Educational Resources

This educational handout provides guidance for healthy weight management through lifestyle interventions including healthy eating, exercise and familial involvement.


Mindfully Empowered Health (A Handout), University of New England Applied Nutrition Program 2019 University of New England

Mindfully Empowered Health (A Handout), University Of New England Applied Nutrition Program

All Student-Created Educational Resources

This educational handout focuses on delivering the concept of Mindfulness to adolescent young women when choosing healthier food choices alongside appropriate portion sizes recommended by the 2,000 kcal/diet MyPlate Plan. Acknowledging that teen girls have a greater desire for autonomy in their food and exercise choices, the first side educates them on ways to monitor their healthy to not so healthy food choices utilizing the Traffic Light Diet concept. Colorful pictures alongside each section illustrate which choices correlate to “always appropriate”, “pause”, and “stop and think” foods. Portion size control is depicted through everyday objects so that the ...


Food Preferences Among Children At Arcadia Elementary School, Laurel Lee 2019 Wofford College

Food Preferences Among Children At Arcadia Elementary School, Laurel Lee

Community Based Research

My research, conducted from September through November of 2017, showed that the children preferred more processed foods and starches instead of healthier options such as fruits and vegetables, even when healthy options were available. According to the parents/caregivers surveyed, their children prefer to eat processed American meals. Parents/caregivers desired for their children to eat a variety of different foods including fruit, vegetables, proteins, and traditional Hispanic food. This study acknowledges that healthy meal options are available at schools, but there needs to be more research on how to best encourage students to take advantage of these nutritious choices ...


Food Safety Considerations In Integrated Organic Crop–Livestock Systems: Prevalence Of Salmonella Spp. And E. Coli O157:H7 In Organically Raised Cattle And Organic Feed, Joshua Nazareth, Angela M. Shaw, Kathleen Delate, Robert D. Turnbull 2019 Iowa State University

Food Safety Considerations In Integrated Organic Crop–Livestock Systems: Prevalence Of Salmonella Spp. And E. Coli O157:H7 In Organically Raised Cattle And Organic Feed, Joshua Nazareth, Angela M. Shaw, Kathleen Delate, Robert D. Turnbull

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Availability of organic foods has been increasing in the United States due to consumer demand for food produced with a lower environmental footprint. Surveys show that organic consumers view organic food as safer and of higher quality, but a number of food-borne outbreaks have been linked to organic produce in recent years. This outcome suggests that improved food safety protocols are needed to ensure food safety along organic food chains. In this study, model integrated crop–livestock organic systems were established in three states (Iowa, Minnesota and Pennsylvania) to evaluate biological performance and food safety aspects. Organically raised cattle and ...


Type Three Diabetes: Are You At Risk? A Systematic Review, Mary Ellen Yep 2019 University of New England

Type Three Diabetes: Are You At Risk? A Systematic Review, Mary Ellen Yep

All Student-Created Educational Resources

To develop a possible framework for informing patients with type two diabetes of their potential risk of dementia, specifically Alzheimer’s Disease. Since type two diabetes is still on the rise, this could implicate a major increase in dementia across the population. Implications to assess the public of this research to promote awareness of the risks of type 3 diabetes.


Can Increasing Fruit And Vegetable Intake Decrease High Blood Pressure?, Rebecca M. Iwata 2019 University of New England

Can Increasing Fruit And Vegetable Intake Decrease High Blood Pressure?, Rebecca M. Iwata

All Student-Created Educational Resources

High blood pressure is usually treated through pharmaceutics medications but research suggests that blood pressure may also be managed through changes in diet through an increase in fruit and vegetable consumption.


Vitamin D Deficiency And Supplementation In Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease, Angela Morton 2019 University of New England

Vitamin D Deficiency And Supplementation In Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease, Angela Morton

All Student-Created Educational Resources

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health concern with rising prevalence. Vitamin D deficiency (/mL) and insufficiency (20–29 ng/mL) are common among patients with CKD undergoing dialysis. The objective was to review current research on vitamin D supplementation for dialysis patients and the effect on their serum vitamin D levels.


What Role Should The Registered Dietitian Have In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Low Vitamin D In Pediatric Patients With Crohn's Disease?, Rachael M. Costello 2019 University of New England

What Role Should The Registered Dietitian Have In The Diagnosis And Treatment Of Low Vitamin D In Pediatric Patients With Crohn's Disease?, Rachael M. Costello

All Student-Created Educational Resources

Vitamin D deficiency is common in pediatric Crohn’s disease patients. This can lead to immune system dysfunction and problems with bone growth. Registered dietitians are an essential part of the healthcare team and should have standard guidelines available to assist with the assessment and treatment of these patients.


Association Between Unmetabolized Folic Acid And Breast Cancer Incidence, University of New England Applied Nutrition Program 2019 University of New England

Association Between Unmetabolized Folic Acid And Breast Cancer Incidence, University Of New England Applied Nutrition Program

All Student-Created Educational Resources

This study assesses the association between plasma UFA and breast cancer among MTHFR C677T genotypes.


The Impact Of Home Gardening In Upstate South Carolina, Abby Odom 2019 University of New England

The Impact Of Home Gardening In Upstate South Carolina, Abby Odom

All Student-Created Educational Resources

The aim of this study is to determine the current rate of home gardening among adults as well as if this type of vegetable and fruit cultivation has any effect on daily and weekly food group consumption.


Assessing Prevalence Of Eating Disorders Among College Students, Taylor Jordan Duncan 2019 University of Southern Mississippi

Assessing Prevalence Of Eating Disorders Among College Students, Taylor Jordan Duncan

Honors Theses

Eating disorders have become a subject of concern for college-aged young adults in recent years. Risk factors like social media use are contributing to an increase in affected students, and research suggests that gender along with other variables plays a significant role. This thesis examined the current research on eating disorders and risk factors associated with their development. Through an online survey, information from freshman, sophomore, junior, senior, and graduate students at The University of Southern Mississippi regarding their current eating behaviors, feelings toward food and body, and demographic information was collected. Data collected indicated the student population’s level ...


Does Macronutrient Consumption Affect Aerobic Capacity?, Jordan Bush-Means 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Does Macronutrient Consumption Affect Aerobic Capacity?, Jordan Bush-Means

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Fitness in the United States is declining as the prevalence of obesity rises. It is known generally that exercise and diet both play a part in becoming fit, therefore veering away from being obese and/or overweight. Although people are aware they need to eat healthy foods and participate in physical activity, the role that dietary behaviors have on exercise, particularly aerobic capacity, remains unresolved. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze dietary behaviors and to examine associations with maximal aerobic capacity. We hypothesize that those who consume each food group will have a higher volume of ...


Effects Of Dietary Copper, Zinc And Manganese Source And Level On The Acute Inflammatory Response Of Broilers, Chelsea Ellington 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Dietary Copper, Zinc And Manganese Source And Level On The Acute Inflammatory Response Of Broilers, Chelsea Ellington

Theses and Dissertations

Trace minerals, particularly copper, zinc and manganese, play a role in ensuring optimal immune function. To examine the effects of diets containing different levels and sources of trace minerals on the inflammatory response, Cobb 500 broilers were fed four experimental diets containing 5 mg/kg Cu and 45 mg/kg of Zn and Mn or 10 mg/kg Cu and 90 mg/kg Zn and Mn in either the sulfate or hydroxychloride form. When the broilers were 5 weeks of age, 16 μg of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was injected into the pulp of growing feathers (GF; 16 GF per chicken; 1 ...


The Difference In A1c Of Children And Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Carbohydrate Counting Compared To Those Using A Structured Meal Plan, Alia El Kubbe 2019 The University of Western Ontario

The Difference In A1c Of Children And Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Carbohydrate Counting Compared To Those Using A Structured Meal Plan, Alia El Kubbe

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Carbohydrate counting (CHO) is a nutrition education tool used by patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The primary objective was to assess glycated hemoglobin (A1C) in participants with T1DM using CHO counting vs. those using a structured meal plan (SMP). The secondary objectives were to determine if BMI-for-age, parental income, parental involvement, and mothers’ educational level were associated with their children’s glycemic control. A cross sectional study was conducted, where participants aged 4-18 years, or their parents completed a survey. Total sample size was 88 participants (77 in the CHO counting group and 11 in the SMP group ...


International Society Of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Nutritional Considerations For Single-Stage Ultra-Marathon Training And Racing, Nicholas B. Tiller, Justin D. Roberts, Liam Beasley, Shaun Chapman, Jorge M. Pinto, Lee Smith, Melanie Wiffin, Mark Russel, S. Andy Sparks, Lauren Duckworth, John O'Hara, Louise Sutton, Jose Antonio, Darryn S. Willoughby, Michael D. Tarpey, Abbie E. Smith-Ryan, Michael J. Ormsbee, Todd A. Astorino, Richard B. Kreider, Graham R. McGinnis, Jeffrey R, Stout, JohnEric W. Smith, Shawn M. Arent, Bill I. Campbell, Laurent Bannock 2019 Harbor-UCLA Medical Center

International Society Of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: Nutritional Considerations For Single-Stage Ultra-Marathon Training And Racing, Nicholas B. Tiller, Justin D. Roberts, Liam Beasley, Shaun Chapman, Jorge M. Pinto, Lee Smith, Melanie Wiffin, Mark Russel, S. Andy Sparks, Lauren Duckworth, John O'Hara, Louise Sutton, Jose Antonio, Darryn S. Willoughby, Michael D. Tarpey, Abbie E. Smith-Ryan, Michael J. Ormsbee, Todd A. Astorino, Richard B. Kreider, Graham R. Mcginnis, Jeffrey R, Stout, Johneric W. Smith, Shawn M. Arent, Bill I. Campbell, Laurent Bannock

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

In this Position Statement, the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the literature pertinent to nutritional considerations for training and racing in single-stage ultra-marathon. Recommendations for Training. i) Ultra-marathon runners should aim to meet the caloric demands of training by following an individualized and periodized strategy, comprising a varied, food-first approach; ii) Athletes should plan and implement their nutrition strategy with sufficient time to permit adaptations that enhance fat oxidative capacity; iii) The evidence overwhelmingly supports the inclusion of a moderate-to-high carbohydrate diet (i.e., ~ 60% of energy intake, 5–8 g·kg ...


The Effects Of Caffeine Ingestion On The Hemostatic Response To Simulated Firefighting Activities, Sierra Wassell 2019 James Madison University

The Effects Of Caffeine Ingestion On The Hemostatic Response To Simulated Firefighting Activities, Sierra Wassell

Showcase of Graduate Research and Creative Activities

The leading cause of death among firefighters is sudden cardiac event, and it is acknowledged that most ischemic events are due to an occlusive thrombus formation. In addition, due to the demanding job requirements and shift work, firefighters are commonly known to overuse caffeine as an ergogenic aid. The purposes of this study were to examine the potential effects of caffeine on the hemostatic response to simulated firefighting activity.


Dietary Depletion Of Milk Exosomes And Their Microrna Cargos Elicits A Depletion Of Mir-200a-3p And Elevated Intestinal Inflammation And Chemokine (C-X-C Motif) Ligand 9 Expression In Mdr1a−/− Mice, Di Wu, Hatem Kittana, Jiang Shu, Stephen D. Kachman, Juan Cui, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Janos Zempleni 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Dietary Depletion Of Milk Exosomes And Their Microrna Cargos Elicits A Depletion Of Mir-200a-3p And Elevated Intestinal Inflammation And Chemokine (C-X-C Motif) Ligand 9 Expression In Mdr1a−/− Mice, Di Wu, Hatem Kittana, Jiang Shu, Stephen D. Kachman, Juan Cui, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Janos Zempleni

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

Background: Exosomes transfer regulatory microRNAs (miRs) from donor cells to recipient cells. Exosomes and miRs originate from both endogenous synthesis and dietary sources such as milk. miR-200a-3p is a negative regulator of the proinflammatory chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 9 (CXCL9). Male Mdr1a−/− mice spontaneously develop clinical signs of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Objectives: We assessed whether dietary depletion of exosomes and miRs alters the severity of IBD in Mdr1a−/− mice owing to aberrant regulation of proinflammatory cytokines.

Methods: Starting at 5 wk of age, 16 male Mdr1a−/− mice were fed either milk exosome– and RNA-sufficient (ERS) or milk exosome– and ...


Improving Chinese Mothers’ Health Literacy: A Wechat Intervention, Qiong Chen 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Improving Chinese Mothers’ Health Literacy: A Wechat Intervention, Qiong Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

The health literacy and eHealth literacy of women during the reproductive age is crucial, as it can affect their health and the health of their children. Promoting health literacy is essential to achieve mothers’ empowerment by improving access to and capacity of using health information effectively. However, functional, interactive, and critical health literacy and eHealth literacy have never been assessed among Chinese women.

The first study during this dissertation assessed functional, interactive, and critical health literacy and eHealth literacy among 421 of Chinese mothers with children under 3 years old. The results revealed overall less than optimal level of health ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress