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Comparison Of College Students' Behavior Toward Nutrition Information Communication Between Korea And The Us, Chang-Sik Kim, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Hyeyoung Moon, Yoon J. Jang, Sunny Ham 2020 Sejong University

Comparison Of College Students' Behavior Toward Nutrition Information Communication Between Korea And The Us, Chang-Sik Kim, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Hyeyoung Moon, Yoon J. Jang, Sunny Ham

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Background/objectives: The expansion of menu labeling to restaurants has created a need to study customers' behavior toward nutrition information. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to compare college students' behavior toward nutrition information communication between Korea and the US. This study consisted of three objectives: 1) to compare the frequency of usage as well as degree of trust regarding smartphone-based communication channels in the acquisition of nutrition information among college students between Korea and the US, 2) to compare knowledge-sharing behavior related to nutrition information among college students between Korea and the US, and 3) to identify the ...


Elucidating The Relation Between Human Milk Fatty Acids, Extracellular Vesicles, And Infant Developmental Outcomes In The First Year Of Life, Diana Bickmore 2020 Chapman University

Elucidating The Relation Between Human Milk Fatty Acids, Extracellular Vesicles, And Infant Developmental Outcomes In The First Year Of Life, Diana Bickmore

Food Science (MS) Theses

For most infants, human milk is the recommended source of nutrition. Improved developmental outcomes have been reported in infants that consume human milk compared to infant formula. Essential fatty acids (EFAs) confer health benefits. However, EFAs cannot be synthesized by the body, and therefore must be consumed in diet. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanoparticles containing a lipid bilayer membrane and are present in human milk. Methods of EV isolation such as ultracentrifugation (UC) may not be feasible for the study of EVs in human milk due to the need for large sample volume, which may not be available. The objectives ...


Exploring The Connection Between Acid Exposure And Virulence In Listeria Monocytogenes, Minghao Li 2020 Utah State University

Exploring The Connection Between Acid Exposure And Virulence In Listeria Monocytogenes, Minghao Li

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive food-borne pathogen that is widely dispersed in the environment and can cause listeriosis with high fatality rates when consumed in contaminated food products. They are capable of growing over a wide range condition. Listeria is also able to tolerate adverse conditions which allows the bacterium to survive in unfavorable environments. The ubiquitous nature of L. monocytogenes makes it difficult to eliminate from food systems. One major problem in the food industry is the survival of L. monocytogenes under sublethal low pH-environment since organic acids are widely used as food decontaminants. Prior research has suggested that ...


Efecto De La Presentación Del Alimento En Los Indicadores Productivos En Cerdos De Engorde, Camila Alejandra Guzmán Pachón, Damián Steven Jiménez Acosta 2020 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Efecto De La Presentación Del Alimento En Los Indicadores Productivos En Cerdos De Engorde, Camila Alejandra Guzmán Pachón, Damián Steven Jiménez Acosta

Zootecnia

El presente proyecto experimental se realizó en el municipio Silvania, Cundinamarca, se utilizaron 60 cerdos de la línea Pietran Topigs X Newsham en la etapa de levante - ceba , distribuidos en 3 tratamientos con 20 cerdos respectivamente, con el objetivo de determinar los efectos de la presentación del alimento en los indicadores productivos en cerdos de engorde, las tres presentaciones de alimento evaluadas fueron: harina, harina humedecida y pellet con la misma formulación para cada una de las etapas variando únicamente la presentación física y de esta manera conocer el efecto en el consumo diario promedio de alimento, ganancia de peso ...


Covid-19 And Food Insecurity Impacts: A Follow Up Vermont Study, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff 2020 The University of Vermont

Covid-19 And Food Insecurity Impacts: A Follow Up Vermont Study, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

This brief report details the results from a follow-up survey of 1,236 Vermonters in June 2020, after an initial survey in March/April 2020 focused on the impact of COVID-19 on food access and security. The key results include: 1) Nearly 1 in 4 respondents (23%) were classified as food insecure in June, a reported 22% decrease since March, but higher than before COVID-19. 2) People of color, those without a college degree, those with a job loss, households with children, women, and younger people had greater odds of experiencing food insecurity. 3) The majority of respondent households had ...


Effect Of Long Pasteurization Run Times On Bacterial Numbers In Milk, Brynli Tattersall 2020 Utah State University

Effect Of Long Pasteurization Run Times On Bacterial Numbers In Milk, Brynli Tattersall

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project was funded by the Western Dairy Center to understand how long a milk pasteurizer can be operated before increases in bacterial numbers are observed in the pasteurized milk. While pasteurization kills pathogenic bacteria there are some non-pathogenic bacteria that can survive and have the ability to become attached to the surfaces in the cooling sections of the pasteurizer. Some bacteria can also produce spores that survive pasteurization even if the bacterial cells are killed. Temperatures in the cooling section remain in a range suitable for growth of these heat-tolerant bacteria and can allow germination of bacterial spores. While ...


Consumer Acceptability Of Gulf Of Maine Sugar Kelp Seaweed In Baked Bread, Laurel Simone 2020 University of Maine

Consumer Acceptability Of Gulf Of Maine Sugar Kelp Seaweed In Baked Bread, Laurel Simone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although steady interest in edible seaweed cultivation continues to grow in Maine, research is lacking regarding consumer preferences and purchasing behavior of seaweed-containing products. The purpose of this study was to determine consumer acceptability of seaweed baked bread and provide insights into purchasing behavior to reveal potential consumer groups that are most likely to buy and eat baked products containing seaweed. Consumer preferences were determined by a sensory evaluation test and an online survey.

Sixty-five participants completed the central location test of freshly-baked bread containing seaweed. Participants were required to be at least 18 years of age, willing to eat ...


Housing Stability And Diabetes Among People Living In New York City Public Housing, Sungwoo Lim, Sze Yan Liu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Eugenie Poirot, Aldo Crossa, Sean Locke, Jennifer Brite, Elizabeth Hamby, Zinzi Bailey, Stephanie Farquhar 2020 New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Housing Stability And Diabetes Among People Living In New York City Public Housing, Sungwoo Lim, Sze Yan Liu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Eugenie Poirot, Aldo Crossa, Sean Locke, Jennifer Brite, Elizabeth Hamby, Zinzi Bailey, Stephanie Farquhar

Department of Public Health Scholarship and Creative Works

Public housing provides affordable housing and, potentially, housing stability for low-income families. Housing stability may be associated with lower incidence or prevalence and better management of a range of health conditions through many mechanisms. We aimed to test the hypotheses that public housing residency is associated with both housing stability and reduced risk of diabetes incidence, and the relationship between public housing and diabetes risk varies by levels of housing stability. Using 2004-16 World Trade Center Health Registry data, we compared outcomes (housing stability measured by sequence analysis of addresses, self-reported diabetes diagnoses) between 730 New York City public housing ...


Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

An introduction to how exercise is medicine and can promote health-related benefits.


Added Sugars: What You Need To Know, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens 2020 Utah State University

Added Sugars: What You Need To Know, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens

All Current Publications

Added sugar has become a hot topic among health professionals and in the media. Based on the best available evidence, health professionals recommend that less than 10% of daily calories come from added sugar (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] & U.S. Department of Agriculture [USDA], 2015c) in order to maintain a balanced diet with all the important nutrients. In this fact sheet, we will address why and how to limit added sugar in your diet, what it is, and where to find it.


Serum Vitamin B12 And Related 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine Methyltransferase Reductase And Cubilin Genotypes Predict Neural Outcomes Across The AlzheimerʼS Disease Spectrum, K. E. McLiman, A. D. Collazo Martinez, Jonathan P. Mochel, Karin D. Allenspach, Auriel A. Willette 2020 Iowa State University and Viterbo University

Serum Vitamin B12 And Related 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine Methyltransferase Reductase And Cubilin Genotypes Predict Neural Outcomes Across The AlzheimerʼS Disease Spectrum, K. E. Mcliman, A. D. Collazo Martinez, Jonathan P. Mochel, Karin D. Allenspach, Auriel A. Willette

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Epidemiological studies show mixed findings for serum vitamin B12 and both cognitive and regional volume outcomes. No studies to date have comprehensively examined, in non-supplemented individuals, serum B12 level associations with neurodegeneration, hypometabolism, and cognition across the Alzheimer's disease (AD) spectrum. Serum vitamin B12 was assayed from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) and the Australian Imaging, Biomarker & Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL). Voxel-wise analyses regressed B12 levels against regional gray matter (GM) volume and glucose metabolism (p


Fasting Diets: Are They Safe, Healthy, And Effective?, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens 2020 Utah State University

Fasting Diets: Are They Safe, Healthy, And Effective?, Carrie Durward, Keshele Stevens

All Current Publications

Diets are commonly prescribed to induce weight loss and reduce the risk of many diseases. Because a standard daily calorie restriction diet is often hard to maintain, other diet alternatives such as fasting diets were created. Fasting diets have been found to be effective, though they may not be any more effective than typical diets. Before beginning a fasting diet, it is best to seek professional medical advice to assess individual risks and circumstances. This fact sheet helps readers learn more about the safety, health, and effectiveness of fasting diets.


Effect Of Choline Forms And Gut Microbiota Composition On Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Response In Healthy Men, Clara E. Cho, Niklas D. J. Aardema, Madison L. Bunnell, Deanna P. Larson, Sheryl S. Aguilar, Janet R. Bergeson, Olga V. Malysheva, Marie A. Caudill, Machael Lefevre 2020 Utah State University

Effect Of Choline Forms And Gut Microbiota Composition On Trimethylamine-N-Oxide Response In Healthy Men, Clara E. Cho, Niklas D. J. Aardema, Madison L. Bunnell, Deanna P. Larson, Sheryl S. Aguilar, Janet R. Bergeson, Olga V. Malysheva, Marie A. Caudill, Machael Lefevre

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a choline-derived gut microbiota-dependent metabolite, is a newly recognized risk marker for cardiovascular disease. We sought to determine: (1) TMAO response to meals containing free versus lipid-soluble choline and (2) effects of gut microbiome on TMAO response. Methods: In a randomized, controlled, double-blinded, crossover study, healthy men (n = 37) were provided meals containing 600 mg choline either as choline bitartrate or phosphatidylcholine, or no choline control. Results: Choline bitartrate yielded three-times greater plasma TMAO AUC (p = 0.01) and 2.5-times greater urinary TMAO change from baseline (p = 0.01) compared to no choline and phosphatidylcholine. Gut ...


Healthy Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Healthy Eating Patterns, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Focusing on what is an eating pattern and how to understand and incorporate a healthy eating pattern into everyday life.


Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner 2020 University of Virginia

Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Nationally, rural residents have high consumption of added sugars, yet the top sources have not been explored. Characterizing added-sugar intake in high sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumers in rural areas is an important step to help inform interventions and policies.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the top food and beverage sources of added sugar and to examine variations by sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a randomized-controlled trial to reduce SSB in eight rural Appalachian counties. Data were obtained from baseline demographic surveys and three 24-hour dietary recalls. Dietary analyses included deriving AS ...


Basics Of Nutrition, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Basics Of Nutrition, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Introduces the basics of nutrition.


Resilience And Cvd-Protective Health Behaviors In Older Women: Examining Racial And Ethnic Differences In A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Women's Health Initiative, Sparkle Springfield, FeiFei Qin, Haley Hedlin, Charles B. Eaton, Milagros C. Rosal, Herman Taylor, Ursula M. Staudinger, Marcia L. Stefanick 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Resilience And Cvd-Protective Health Behaviors In Older Women: Examining Racial And Ethnic Differences In A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of The Women's Health Initiative, Sparkle Springfield, Feifei Qin, Haley Hedlin, Charles B. Eaton, Milagros C. Rosal, Herman Taylor, Ursula M. Staudinger, Marcia L. Stefanick

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Little is known about the relationship between self-reported psychological resilience (resilience) and health behaviors shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study examines the associations between resilience and CVD-related risk factors, such as diet, smoking, physical activity, sleep, and alcohol consumption among older American women from diverse backgrounds.

METHODS: A cross-sectional secondary analysis was conducted on 77,395 women (mean age 77 years, Black (N = 4475, 5.8%), non-Hispanic white (N = 69,448, 89.7%), Latina (N = 1891, 2.4%), and Asian or Pacific Islander (N = 1581, 2.0%)) enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Extension ...


Putting Knowledge Into Practice: Low-Income Women Talk About Food Choice Decisions, Shelly M. Palmer, Simon T. Knoblauch, Donna M. Winham, Molly B. Hiller, Mack C. Shelley 2020 Iowa State University

Putting Knowledge Into Practice: Low-Income Women Talk About Food Choice Decisions, Shelly M. Palmer, Simon T. Knoblauch, Donna M. Winham, Molly B. Hiller, Mack C. Shelley

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Insights into barriers and facilitators for healthy eating are needed to improve low-income women’s diets and to decrease disease risk. The study objectives were to explore women’s qualitative perceptions of influences on their food choices such as food security, their knowledge of nutrition-related health risk factors and self-efficacy for diet change, and their dietary intakes in practice. Thirty-six women, aged 19–50, who were eligible to receive income-based assistance were recruited in central Iowa. Focus group discussions on defining healthy foods, influences on food choice, and nutrition information sources were analyzed using a socioecological model framework. Demographics, nutrient ...


Associations Of Movement Behaviors And Body Mass Index: Comparison Between A Report-Based And Monitor-Based Method Using Compositional Data Analysis, Youngwon Kim, Ryan D. Burns, Duck-Chul Lee, Gregory Welk 2020 University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine

Associations Of Movement Behaviors And Body Mass Index: Comparison Between A Report-Based And Monitor-Based Method Using Compositional Data Analysis, Youngwon Kim, Ryan D. Burns, Duck-Chul Lee, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background/objectives Evidence on the associations between lifestyle movement behaviors and obesity has been established without taking into account the time-constrained nature of categorized, time-based lifestyle behaviors. We examined the associations of sleep, sedentary behavior (SED), light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) with body mass index (BMI) using Compositional Data Analysis (CoDA), and compared the associations between a report-based method (24-h Physical Activity Recall; 24PAR) and a monitor-based method (SenseWear Armband; SWA). Subjects/methods Replicate data from a representative sample of 1247 adults from the Physical Activity Measurement Survey (PAMS) were used in the study. Participants completed activity ...


Introduction To Diet, Food, Exercise, And Nutrition (D-Fend) 2.0, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Introduction To Diet, Food, Exercise, And Nutrition (D-Fend) 2.0, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

An Introduction to project DFEND 2.0!


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