Suppression Of Magnetostructural Transition On Gdsige Thin Film After Thermal Cyclings, 2018 Universidade do Porto
Suppression Of Magnetostructural Transition On Gdsige Thin Film After Thermal Cyclings, A. L. Pires, J. H. Belo, I. T. Gomes, Ravi L. Hadimani, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, David C. Jiles, A. M. L. Lopes, J. P. Araújo, A. M. Pereira
Ravi L Hadimani
The influence of thermal cycling on the microstructure, magnetic phase transition and magnetic entropy change of a Gd5Si1.3Ge2.7 thin film up to 1000 cycles is investigated. The authors found that after 1000 cycles a strong reduction of the crystallographic phase responsible for the magnetostructural transition (Orthorhombic II phase) occurs. This is attributed to chemical disorder, caused by the large number of expansion/compression cycles that the Orthorhombic II phase undergoes across the magnetostructural transition. The suppression of the magnetostructural transition corresponds to a drastic decrease of the thin film magnetic entropy change. These results reveal the importance of ...
Structural, Transport, And Topological Properties Induced At Complex-Oxide Hetero-Interfaces, 2018 University of Kentucky
Structural, Transport, And Topological Properties Induced At Complex-Oxide Hetero-Interfaces, Justin K. Thompson
Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy
Complex-oxides have seen an enormous amount of attention in the realm of Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science/Engineering over the last several decades. Their ability to host a wide variety of novel physical properties has even caused them to be exploited commercially as dielectric, metallic and magnetic materials. Indeed, since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity in the “Cuprates” in the late 1980’s there has been an explosion of activity involving complex-oxides. Further, as the experimental techniques and equipment for fabricating thin films and heterostructures of these materials has improved over the last several decades, the search for ...
Nonlinear Coupled Effects In Nanomaterials, 2018 Wilfrid Laurier University
Nonlinear Coupled Effects In Nanomaterials, Sia Bhowmick
Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)
Materials at the nanoscale have different chemical, structural, and optoelectrical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. As a result, such materials, called nanomaterials, exhibit observable differences in certain physical phenomena. One such resulting phenomenon called the piezoelectric effect has played a crucial role in miniature self-powering electronic devices called nanogenerators which are fabricated by using nanostructures, such as nanowires, nanorods, and nanofilms. These devices are capable of harvesting electrical energy by inducing mechanical strain on the individual nanostructures. Electrical energy created in this manner does not have environmental limitations. In this thesis, important coupled effects, such as the nonlinear piezoelectric ...
Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, 2017 The Universty of Western Ontario
Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
The fast diminishing of fossil fuels in the near future, as well as the global warming caused by increasing greenhouse gases have motivated the urgent quest to develop advanced materials as cost-effective photoanodes for solar light harvesting and many other photocatalytic applications. Recently, titania nanotube arrays (TNTAs) fabricated by anodization process has attracted great interest due to their excellent properties such as: high surface area, vertically oriented, highly organized, one-dimensional, nanotubular structure, photoactivity, chemical stability and biocompatibility. This unique combination of excellent properties makes TNTAs an excellent photoanode for solar light harvesting. However, the relatively wide band gap energy of ...
Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering
In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with ...
Modeling And Simulation Of Iii-Nitride-Based Solar Cells Using Nextnano®, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Modeling And Simulation Of Iii-Nitride-Based Solar Cells Using Nextnano®, Malak Refaei
Theses and Dissertations
Nextnano³ software is a well-known package for simulating semiconductor band-structures at the nanoscale and predicting the general electronic structure. In this work, it is further demonstrated as a viable tool for the simulation of III-nitride solar cells. In order to prove this feasibility, the generally accepted solar cell simulation package, PC1D, was chosen for comparison. To critique the results from both PC1D and Nextnano3, the fundamental drift-diffusion equations were used to calculate the performance of a simple p-n homojunction solar cell device analytically. Silicon was picked as the material for this comparison between the outputs of the two simulators as ...
Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, Afsana Sharmin
Theses and Dissertations
Chalcogen-based layered superconductors with a litharge structure such as FeS and FeSe mono-layers undergo structural and superconducting phase transitions that are tunable by doping. Representing another material platform with a litharge structure but without valence d-electrons, SnO monolayers also display a structural ground state with a degenerate rectangular unit cell at zero temperature and a charge-tunable energy barrier that leads to a thermally-controllable structural phase change. Doped SnO monolayers with rectangular degenerate unit cells give rise to two-dimensional multiferroicity. Their two-dimensional elastic energy landscape adopts a basic analytic expression that is employed to discuss this structural transition. The results contained ...
Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., 2017 University of Louisville
Artificial Olfactory System For Multi-Component Analysis Of Gas Mixtures., Alexander Aleksandrovich Larin
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Gas analysis is an important part of our world and gas sensing technology is becoming more essential for various aspects of our life. A novel approach for gas mixture analysis by using portable gas chromatography in combination with an array of highly integrated and selective metal oxide (MOX) sensors has been studied. We developed a system with small size (7 x 13 x 16 inches), low power consumption (~10 W) and absence of special carrier gases designed for portable field analysis (assuming apriori calibration). Low ppb and even sub-ppb level of detection for some VOCs was achieved during the analysis ...
Superconductivity At Т≈200 K In Bismuth Cuprates Synthesized Using Solar Energy, 2017 Tbilisi State University
Superconductivity At Т≈200 K In Bismuth Cuprates Synthesized Using Solar Energy, J. Chigvinadze, Juana Acrivos, S. Ashimov, D. Gulamova, G. Donadze
Faculty Publications, Chemistry
When investigating low-frequency (0.1 Hz) oscillations of multiphase high-temperature cuprate superconductors (HTCS) Bi1,7Pb0,3Sr2Ca(n-1)CunOy (n=2-30), a wide attenuation peak (ΔT~100 К) with a maximum at Т≈200 К was detected. This peak was particularly pronounced in field cooling (FC) experiments, i.e. after abrupt cooling of the sample in the external magnetic field at the temperature Т<Тс with subsequent slow warming up to room temperature with invariance of the applied field. The attenuation peak height depended on the preliminaryorientation (before cooling) of the samples θ in the measured permanent magnetic field Н. On the one hand, it is well known that, after the FC procedure and subsequent slow warming up, at the temperatures close to the critical temperature Тс, the attenuation peak associated with “melting” of the Abrikosov frozen vortex structure and its disappearance at Т >Тс is detected in monophase samples. At the same time, in most multiphase bismuth HTCS samples, synthesized using solar energy and superfast quenching of the melt, the attenuation peak with the maximum at Т≈200 К was ...тс>
Single-Step, Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Methylammonium Bismuth Iodide Thin Films, 2017 Washington University in St. Louis
Single-Step, Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Methylammonium Bismuth Iodide Thin Films, Xiao Chen
Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations
Lead halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbI3 and its variants) are promising solar cell absorber materials. Though the reported power conversion efficiencies of lead halide perovskite solar cells (up to 21%) are competitive with commercial silicon solar cells, lead toxicity in these perovskites present a challenge to further scale-up and eventual commercialization. Recently, bismuth (Bi3+) based organic halide perovskite has drawn attention as a substitution for lead-free perovskites, since it is a non-toxic 6p-block element, isoelectronic with Pb2+. Methylammonium bismuth iodide ((CH3NH3)3Bi2I9) is reported for its non-toxic constituents ...
Improving Methods Of Doping On Black Phosphorus, 2017 Electrocal and Computer Engineering
Improving Methods Of Doping On Black Phosphorus, Yuqin Duan, Adam Charnas, Jingkai Qin, Peide Ye
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Black phosphorus (BP) is a 2D semiconducting material with high carrier mobility. It is usually p-type due to oxidation states near its valence band. Although achieved through other growth methods, n-type doping has not yet been accomplished through the modern chemical vapor transport (CVT) growth method. To address this issue, small amounts of tellurium were added to Red Phosphorus to act as a dopant during the CVT growth process in addition to tin(Sn) and tin(IV) iodide, which facilitate growth. The chemicals are heated up to 600°C and precisely cooled in a 21-hour process, during which BP crystals ...
Atomistic Simulations Of Novel Nanoscale Semiconductor Devices: Resistance Switches And Two-Dimensional Transistors, 2017 Texas A & M University - College Station
Atomistic Simulations Of Novel Nanoscale Semiconductor Devices: Resistance Switches And Two-Dimensional Transistors, Joseph P. Anderson, Mahbubul Islam, David Guzman, Alejandro Strachan
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
As transistors get smaller, we are achieving record levels of memory density. However, there is a limit to how small transistors can be made before their functionality breaks down. Thus alternatives to traditional transistor technology are needed. The two such technologies we examined are: resistance switching devices, which reversibly grow metal filaments through a dielectric, and two-dimensional transistors, which are capable of breaking through the scalability limit of traditional transistors. In order to design resistance switching devices which create filaments with some level of consistency, the dynamics of the filament formation need to be explored. Herein we model this process ...
Fabrication And Characterization Of Hybrid Nanocomposites By Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, 2017 The University of Western Ontario
Fabrication And Characterization Of Hybrid Nanocomposites By Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, Songlin Yang
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Different methods have been applied to deposit hybrid nanocomposites which can be applied in various fields due to their light weight and multifunctional properties. Here, matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) equipment with 532 nm Nd:YAG laser is applied to fabricate three types of hybrid nanocomposites on different substrates.
Chemical synthesized FeCo nanoparticles were deposited on graphene sheets by MAPLE technique (laser fluence: 300 mJ/cm2). The effects of deposition time (t) on particle amount, shape and size have been investigated. Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) materials are one type of high-temperature superconductive materials and could be applied ...
Electrical Characterization Of Irradiated Semiconducting Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide, 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Electrical Characterization Of Irradiated Semiconducting Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide, George Glen Peterson
Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research
Semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide has been explored as a neutron voltaic for operation in radiation harsh environments, such as on deep space satellites/probes. A neutron voltaic device could also be used as a solid state neutron radiation detector to provide immediate alerts for radiation workers/students, as opposed to the passive dosimetry badges utilized today. Understanding how the irradiation environment effects the electrical properties of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide is important to predicting the stability of these devices in operation. p-n heterojunction diodes were formed from the synthesis of semiconducting amorphous partially dehydrogenated boron carbide ...
Dewetting Properties Of Ag-Ni Alloy Thin Films, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Dewetting Properties Of Ag-Ni Alloy Thin Films, Benjamin Scott Wolf
In this study, pulsed laser induced dewetting of both patterned and continuous Nickel (Ni)-Silver(Ag) thin films was investigated extensively as a novel way to perform directed assembly of nano-particles. First, continuous Ni-Ag thin film dewetting was studied on both bulk and TEM (Transmission electron microscope) membrane substrates at a variety of compositions to better understand the dewetting dynamics of the Ni-Ag system. Then, patterned Ni-Ag thin film dewetting was studied on both bulk and TEM membrane substrates to understand how different patterns and thin film configurations effect nano-particle distribution and formation. All of this work was done in ...
Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, Brett Bloxton Lewis
This dissertation addresses three difficulties with focused electron beam induced deposition preventing broader application; purity, spatial control, and mechanical characterization.
Focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) has many advantages as a nanoscale fabrication tool. It is compatible for implementation into current lithographic techniques and has the potential to direct-write in a single step nanostructures of a high degree of complexity. FEBID is a very versatile tool capable of fabricating structures of many different compositions ranging from insulating oxides to conducting metals.
Due to the complexity of the technique and the difficulty in directly measuring many important variables, FEBID has remained ...
Electronic And Magnetic Properties Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials Beyond Graphene And Their Gas Sensing Applications: Silicene, Germanene, And Boron Carbide, Sadegh Mehdi Aghaei
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The popularity of graphene owing to its unique properties has triggered huge interest in other two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials. Among them, silicene shows considerable promise for electronic devices due to the expected compatibility with silicon electronics. However, the high-end potential application of silicene in electronic devices is limited owing to the lack of an energy band gap. Hence, the principal objective of this research is to tune the electronic and magnetic properties of silicene related nanomaterials through first-principles models.
I first explored the impact of edge functionalization and doping on the stabilities, electronic, and magnetic properties of silicene nanoribbons (SiNRs) and ...
Are Solar Panels A Viable Power Source For A Green Energy Vehicle?, 2017 Linfield College
Are Solar Panels A Viable Power Source For A Green Energy Vehicle?, Mason C. Adams
A solar cell powered go-kart has been built and tested. The result shows using solar energy alone cannot meet the requirement of running a regular passenger car. This is due to the limited surface area of the passenger car. This thesis also discusses the operating principles of solar panels, the physics of P type and N type semiconductors, and the formation of the PN junction, as well as the solar current. Modifications of an existing go-kart are described in detail in this thesis. Suggestions for making green vehicles are discussed as well.
Operating Temperature Of A Solar Thermal Stirling Engine, 2017 Linfield College
Operating Temperature Of A Solar Thermal Stirling Engine, Spencer Beck
This paper explores the relationship between the operating temperature and electricity production of a simple heat engine. A Stirling engine was designed and constructed which runs on solar thermal energy collected by a Fresnel lens. The surface area of the solar collector was varied. This manipulated the operating temperature of the Stirling engine in order to measure power output. The mechanical energy from the engine was converted to electricity using a DC motor running in reverse, acting like a generator, in conjunction with an Arduino for data collection. Although adjustments must be made in order to improve the efficiency of ...
Ferroelectric-Semiconductor Systems For New Generation Of Solar Cells, 2017 University of New Orleans, New Orleans
Ferroelectric-Semiconductor Systems For New Generation Of Solar Cells, Rahmatollah Eskandari
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
This dissertation includes two parts. In the first part the study is focused on the fabrication of multifunctional thin films for photovoltaic applications. There is no doubt about the importance of transforming world reliance from traditional energy resources, mainly fossil fuel, into renewable energies. Photovoltaic section still owns very small portion of the production, despite its fast growth and vast research investments. New methods and concepts are proposed in order to improve the efficiency of traditional solar cells or introduce new platforms. Recently, ferroelectric photovoltaics have gained interest among researchers. First objective in application of ferroelectric material is to utilize ...