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Development Of A Mix Design Adjustment Method For Fiber Reinforced Concrete And Super High Performance Concrete Based On Excess Paste, Joe Malloy 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Development Of A Mix Design Adjustment Method For Fiber Reinforced Concrete And Super High Performance Concrete Based On Excess Paste, Joe Malloy

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The main objective of this study was to develop a mix design adjustment method for Fiber Reinforced Concrete (FRC) that would maintain appropriate workability while improving hardened concrete performance. A literature review was conducted to examine existing methods for adjusting mix designs to account for fiber introduction. It was found that while increasing fine aggregate and cement paste content can make up for lost workability with the addition of fibers, no rational mix design adjustment method is available. Reference mix designs from the Nevada Department of Transportation and the Nebraska Department of Transportation were used, and this study focused on ...


Accelerated Relaxation In Disordered Solids Under Cyclic Loading With Alternating Shear Orientation, Nikolai V. Priezjev 2019 Wright State University - Main Campus

Accelerated Relaxation In Disordered Solids Under Cyclic Loading With Alternating Shear Orientation, Nikolai V. Priezjev

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The effect of alternating shear orientation during cyclic loading on the relaxation dynamics in disordered solids is examined using molecular dynamics simulations. The model glass was initially prepared by rapid cooling from the liquid state and then subjected to cyclic shear along a single plane or periodically alternated in two or three dimensions. We showed that with increasing strain amplitude in the elastic range, the system is relocated to deeper energy minima. Remarkably, it was found that each additional alternation of the shear orientation in the deformation protocol brings the glass to lower energy states. The results of mechanical tests ...


Mandela Splash Pad Pre-Construction Plan, Levi Sandbulte 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Mandela Splash Pad Pre-Construction Plan, Levi Sandbulte

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

In the construction industry, it is the responsibility of the general contractor to take the architect’s ideas and turn it into a real building. Many times this requires ample communication and several drafts. This efficient execution of this process is vital to the completion of a successful project. In this project, I practice this communication process. The challenge presented by the owner is to build an affordable splash pad, and without impacting the construction schedule of the Early Childhood Development Center (ECDC) that is being built on the same property at the same time. This proposal gives the owner ...


Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. McDermott 2019 University of Maine

Damage Resistance And Tolerance Of 3d Woven Composites, Justin T. Mcdermott

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Composite materials have been adopted into primary aircraft structures by virtue of their great strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios, fatigue insensitivity, and corrosion resistance. These characteristics are leveraged by aircraft designers to deliver improved fuel effciency and reduced scheduled maintenance burdens for their customers. These benefits have been impressively realized in the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350 XWB, with airframes utilizing about 50% composites by weight. Tempering these successes, however, are the inherent vulnerabilities of carbon-fiber reinforced composites. When compared to conventional metallic structure, composite laminates are more sensitive to stress concentrations at mechanical fastenings and damage due to low-velocity impact ...


Magnetic Properties Of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets Under Thermal Experimentation, Géraldine Houis 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Magnetic Properties Of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets Under Thermal Experimentation, Géraldine Houis

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Neodymium-Iron-Boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnets were developed in the 1980s, and since then, they have appeared as a common component in many fields. From the industry to consumers or defense applications, from turbines, computers, cellphones to most audio systems, Nd-Fe-B magnets are present everywhere. But when Nd-Fe-B magnets are applied to the motors of electric vehicles and wind-turbine generators, their temperature rises, therefore Nd-Fe-B-Dy magnets are used. However, while the use of these magnets is common at low temperatures, their properties decrease dramatically with the increase of temperature. In this paper, the Nd-Fe-B-based samples used were prepared by using arc melting, melt ...


Extending Mission Duration Of Uas Multicopters: Multi-Disciplinary Approach, Marc Lussier 2019 University of Nebrska-Lincoln

Extending Mission Duration Of Uas Multicopters: Multi-Disciplinary Approach, Marc Lussier

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Multicopters are important tools in industry, the military, and research but suffer from short flight times and mission durations. In this thesis, we discuss three different ways to increase flight times and therefore increase the viability of using multicopters in a variety of missions. Alternate fuel sources such as hydrogen fuel and solar cells are starting to be used on multicopters, in our research we simulate modern fuel cells and show how well they currently work as the power source for multicopters and how close they are to becoming useful in Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) technology. Increasing the efficiency in ...


Nanothermomechanical Logic Gates For Thermal Computing, Ahmed Hamed 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nanothermomechanical Logic Gates For Thermal Computing, Ahmed Hamed

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Limited performance and reliability of electronic devices at extreme temperatures, intensive electromagnetic fields, and radiation found in space exploration missions (i.e., Venus & Jupiter planetary exploration, and heliophysics missions) and earth-based applications require the development of alternative computing technologies. Thermal computing, data processing based on heat instead of electricity, is proposed as a practical alternative and opens a new scientific area at the interface between thermal and computational sciences.

We successfully developed thermal AND, OR and NOT logic gates, achieved through the coupling between near-field thermal radiation and MEMS thermal actuation. In the process, we developed two novel non-linear thermal ...


Development Of Multicomponenet Eam Potential For Ni-Based Superalloy, Muztoba Rabbani 2019 Missouri State University

Development Of Multicomponenet Eam Potential For Ni-Based Superalloy, Muztoba Rabbani

MSU Graduate Theses

We initiated the development of multi-component EAM potentials for Aluminides and Carbides, key phases in Ni-based Superalloys. The goal is to utilize the MD simulation to understand the deformation dynamics that contribute to the formation of voids and creep initiation. For this purpose, we constructed the raw data from ab-initio (molecular dynamics) MD simulations fed into the potential development code and used Nickel as the base metal with the addition of a number of various elements including Aluminum, Chromium, Tungsten. We then developed the EAM potentials for the aluminide and carbide phases using the force-fitting code MEAMfit. Our generated potential ...


Molecular Dynamics Study Of Creep Deformation In Nickel-Based Superalloy, Sabila Kader Pinky 2019 Missouri State University

Molecular Dynamics Study Of Creep Deformation In Nickel-Based Superalloy, Sabila Kader Pinky

MSU Graduate Theses

The present study employs molecular dynamics simulations of Ni-based superalloy to investigate the creep behavior under uniaxial compression test. Dislocation dynamics is analyzed for the nickel-based single crystal superalloy with the presence of void and with varying the distribution of gamma-prime phase The results show that multiple-void systems are more prone to yield than single-void systems and single-void systems are more prone to yield than the system without void. From the simulations, it has been determined that the creep mechanism in Ni/Ni3Al is subject to change on the applied stress depending on the distribution of gamma-prime phases change. Dislocation ...


Multifunctional Lightweight Aggregate Containing Phase Change Material And Water For Damage Mitigation Of Concrete, Wenyu Liao, Aditya Kumar, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Multifunctional Lightweight Aggregate Containing Phase Change Material And Water For Damage Mitigation Of Concrete, Wenyu Liao, Aditya Kumar, Kamal Khayat, Hongyan Ma

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents an innovative concept of multifunctional lightweight aggregate, which is produced by loading phase change material (PCM) into the interior of lightweight sand (LWS) and sealing the surface pores using water. The PCM loaded in the LWS functionalizes it as a temperature management agent in concrete, and the water in surface pores enables internal curing. It has been found that the particle shape and pore structure of crushed expanded shale LWS makes it an ideal carrier for PCM, loading sufficient PCM and maintaining better (compared to natural sand) mechanical interlocking. When coupled with the internal curing effect, the ...


Mitigation Of Anisotropic Fatigue In Nickel Alloy 718 Manufactured Via Selective Laser Melting, Volodymyr P. Sabelkin, Gregory R. Cobb, Travis Shelton, Megan N. Hartsfield, David J. Newell, Ryan P. O'Hara, Ryan A. Kemnitz 2019 Air Force Institute of Technology

Mitigation Of Anisotropic Fatigue In Nickel Alloy 718 Manufactured Via Selective Laser Melting, Volodymyr P. Sabelkin, Gregory R. Cobb, Travis Shelton, Megan N. Hartsfield, David J. Newell, Ryan P. O'Hara, Ryan A. Kemnitz

Faculty Publications

The tension-tension fatigue behavior of heat treated selective laser melted (SLM) nickel alloy 718 (IN718) tensile specimens was tested and compared to as-built specimens. In addition to the industry standard IN718 heat treatment, a modified heat treatment was developed and tested in order to mitigate the anisotropic mechanical properties inherent to SLM materials. Electron backscatter diffraction verified that the modified heat treatment significantly affected the microstructure in all build planes. Three different print orientations were studied to determine their effect on the fatigue behavior. Both heat treatments improved the fatigue life of the specimens, although neither surpassed the fatigue life ...


Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson 2019 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Annealing On The Contact Resistance Of Aluminum On A P-Type Substrate, Shrey Shah, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

Aluminum contacts are widely used to form both ohmic and rectifying contacts. The process to form these contacts involves annealing, thus it is important to study the effect of annealing on the electrical properties of the contacts. Here, we present a way to measure the contact resistance of aluminum contacts formed on a p-type silicon substrate. It was found the contact resistivity decreased by an average of 18%. It was thus found that annealing at 400°C in a forming gas environment improves the electrical properties of aluminum contacts.


Processing Of Alnico Magnets By Additive Manufacturing, Emma White, Emily Rinko, Timothy Prost, Timothy Horn, Christopher Ledford, Christopher Rock, Iver E. Anderson 2019 Ames Laboratory

Processing Of Alnico Magnets By Additive Manufacturing, Emma White, Emily Rinko, Timothy Prost, Timothy Horn, Christopher Ledford, Christopher Rock, Iver E. Anderson

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Permanent magnets without rare earth (RE) elements, such as alnico, will improve supply stability and potentially decrease permanent magnet cost, especially for traction drive motors and other increased temperature applications. Commercial alnico magnets with the highest energy product are produced by directional solidification (DS) to achieve a <001> columnar grain orientation followed by significant final machining, adding to the high cost. Additive manufacturing (AM) is an effective method to process near net-shape parts with minimal final machining of complex geometries. AM also, has potential for texture/grain orientation control and compositionally graded structures. This report describes fabrication of alnico magnets by ...


Micromechanics Of Plasticity Of Zr-2.5%Nb Alloy, Md Imran Khan 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Micromechanics Of Plasticity Of Zr-2.5%Nb Alloy, Md Imran Khan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Zirconium alloys are used in many thermal neutron fission reactors because of their very low neutron interaction cross-sections along with their excellent mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. Numerous experiments have been conducted on these alloys at the bulk scale to determine their mechanical properties. Recent advancements in micro-mechanical testing make it easier to study site-specific mechanical properties for micron or submicron-sized samples. Understanding the mechanical response of such small volumes of material is extremely important for developing accurate models to predict the ductile fracture toughness of these in-reactor materials. Pressure tubes made of Zr-2.5%Nb alloys are an integral ...


Sorbents For Cleaning Of Vegetable Oils, Ikromov Oybek, Suvanova Fayoza, Farmonov Jasur 2019 Karshi Engineering Economic Institute, Uzbekistan

Sorbents For Cleaning Of Vegetable Oils, Ikromov Oybek, Suvanova Fayoza, Farmonov Jasur

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article presents the results of the study of adsorbents obtained from rice husk. To increase the sorption capacity of the raw material is treated with hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes and subjected to roasting. Before thermal activation, the resulting mass was treated with a 30% alumium calcium alum solution. Reagent consumption is 20% of the mass of the adsorbent. The alum-enriched adsorbent is thermally activated at a temperature of 300-800 °C without oxygen access for two hours. According to the results of laboratory tests, the adsorbents that have undergone thermal activation at a temperature of 500-800 °C have the ...


Development Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluids In Order To Reduce The Anthropogenic Impact On The Environment, Arslanova Nodirakhon, Arslanov Sharafutdin, Zavorotnyy Vitaliy Leonidovich 2019 JSC Institute of geology and exploration of oil and gas fields, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Development Of Environmentally Friendly Drilling Fluids In Order To Reduce The Anthropogenic Impact On The Environment, Arslanova Nodirakhon, Arslanov Sharafutdin, Zavorotnyy Vitaliy Leonidovich

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The article discusses natural clay as a raw material for drilling fluids of the oil and gas industry of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Studied compositions of clays from the Akoy and Navbakhor area (the Republic of Uzbekistan) and Tagansky area (Republic of Kazakhstan) were. Evaluated technological parameters of clay powders based on the original and modified explored clays. Were determined modifying additives (2.0% Na2CO3 and PAA 0.25%) to obtain low-toxic clay powders that do not have a technogenic impact on the environment during the drilling process. Calculations are confirmed by the results of bio-testing using standard methods based ...


Physico-Chemical Properties Of Hydrogel Based On 1-Chloro-3-Piperidino-2-Propylacrylate, Pulatova Nilufar, Maksumova Oytura 2019 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Physico-Chemical Properties Of Hydrogel Based On 1-Chloro-3-Piperidino-2-Propylacrylate, Pulatova Nilufar, Maksumova Oytura

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

In the article the results of synthesis of the reticulated high molecular connection are rotined on the basis of 1-khlor-3-piperidin-2-propilakrilata, his structure and properties. Influence of different factors is studied on the process of receipt of hydrogel. Physical and chemical properties of polymer are studied on the basis of 1-khlor-3-piperidin-2-propilakrilata, swelling speed in water and different environments. A change speed of swelling of hydrogel is rotined from acid and alkaline terms, that them it is possible to vary. A change swelling speed depending on a temperature was studied at different temperatures and it is rotined that with the increase of ...


Micro-Mechanical Analysis Of Corrosion Products Formed During Long-Term Carbonation Induced Corrosion Of Steel, Marijana Serdar, Dubravka Bjegovic, Valérie L’Hostis, Stéphane Poyet, Damien Féron 2019 Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Zagreb

Micro-Mechanical Analysis Of Corrosion Products Formed During Long-Term Carbonation Induced Corrosion Of Steel, Marijana Serdar, Dubravka Bjegovic, Valérie L’Hostis, Stéphane Poyet, Damien Féron

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

During corrosion distinct types of corrosion products form, composed of different ratios of ferrous ions and oxide, hydroxides. Corrosion products have different physical and mechanical properties, mainly density, resistivity, volume and modulus of elasticity compared to iron. Knowing properties of corrosion products is indispensable for service life modelling of structures and can give valuable insight into the long-term corrosion propagation process. In this study micro-indentation method was used to evaluate mechanical properties of different layers formed during long-term carbonation induced corrosion of steel in concrete. Investigation was performed on three sets of reinforced concrete samples, that underwent corrosion during 50 ...


Development Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Conductive Inclusions For Use In Self-Sensing Applications, Benny Suryanto Dr, Danah Saraireh Ms, Steven Walls Mr, Jaehwan Kim Dr, W John McCarter Prof 2019 Heriot-Watt University

Development Of Engineered Cementitious Composites With Conductive Inclusions For Use In Self-Sensing Applications, Benny Suryanto Dr, Danah Saraireh Ms, Steven Walls Mr, Jaehwan Kim Dr, W John Mccarter Prof

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The mechanical and a.c. electrical properties of a new varietal of engineered cementitious composite (ECC) incorporating conductive inclusions are presented. Electrical measurements were undertaken over a wide frequency range while curing and when under uniaxial tensile loading to study the influence of ongoing hydration and multiple microcrack formation on the composite electrical impedance. When presented in Nyquist format, the work shows that conductive inclusions reduce the bulk resistance of the composite while enhancing its polarizability, transforming the classic, single-arc bulk response of typical cement-based materials to a two-arc response. The bulk resistance was shown to increase with time and ...


Why The Crackling Deformations Of Single Crystals, Metallic Glasses, Rock, Granular Materials, And The Earth’S Crust Are So Surprisingly Similar, Karin A. Dahmen, Jonathan T. Uhl, Wendelin J. Wright 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Why The Crackling Deformations Of Single Crystals, Metallic Glasses, Rock, Granular Materials, And The Earth’S Crust Are So Surprisingly Similar, Karin A. Dahmen, Jonathan T. Uhl, Wendelin J. Wright

Faculty Journal Articles

Recent experiments show that the deformation properties of a wide range of solid materials are surprisingly similar. When slowly pushed, they deform via intermittent slips, similar to earthquakes. The statistics of these slips agree across vastly different structures and scales. A simple analytical model explains why this is the case. The model also predicts which statistical quantities are independent of the microscopic details (i.e., they are "universal"), and which ones are not. The model provides physical intuition for the deformation mechanism and new ways to organize experimental data. It also shows how to transfer results from one scale to ...


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