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Thermal Damage Approach Of Concrete: Application To Specimens Subjected To Combined Compressive And High Temperature Loads, Abdellah Menou, Ghassan Mounajed, Hocine Boussa, Christian La Borderie, Khalid Lafdi 2016 University of Dayton

Thermal Damage Approach Of Concrete: Application To Specimens Subjected To Combined Compressive And High Temperature Loads, Abdellah Menou, Ghassan Mounajed, Hocine Boussa, Christian La Borderie, Khalid Lafdi

Khalid Lafdi

Within the framework of study of concrete structures subjected to fire, .a theoretical and experimental work was conducted. The aim of this study was to investigate and to model the damage mechanisms of concrete after their exposure to high temperatures. The multiphase Digital Concrete Model as well as the damage model, MOD EV, which were both implemented on the finiteelem~ rit software package, SYMPHONIE, were used simμltaneously to assess the thermal damage of the concrete. In order to validate the thermal damage model, an experimental investigation was performed. The mechanical characteristics of 5 cementitious materials, which included cement paste, mortar ...


Koh Etching Of (100) Si Wafer, No 2, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Koh Etching Of (100) Si Wafer, No 2, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

This report describes KOH etching of (100) Si wafer through a hard mask of silicon oxide, and reveals that the scattered etch rate is ascribed to the etch rates of the different crystal planes exposed during the etching.


Novel Platform Development Using An Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element Towards Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Novel Platform Development Using An Assembly Of Carbon Nanotube, Nanogold And Immobilized Rna Capture Element Towards Rapid, Selective Sensing Of Bacteria, Elizabeth I. Maurer, Kristen K. Comfort, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

Sharmila M. Mukhopadhyay

This study examines the creation of a nano-featured biosensor platform designed for the rapid and selective detection of the bacterium Escherichia coli. The foundation of this sensor is carbon nanotubes decorated with gold nanoparticles that are modified with a specific, surface adherent ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequence element. The multi-step sensor assembly was accomplished by growing carbon nanotubes on a graphite substrate, the direct synthesis of gold nanoparticles on the nanotube surface, and the attachment of thiolated RNA to the bound nanoparticles.

The application of the compounded nanomaterials for sensor development has the distinct advantage of retaining the electrical behavior property ...


Characterizing Hmx/Ap Cocrystal Propellant Through Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence, Seth M. Nielsen, Michael S. Powell, Steven F. Son 2016 Brigham Young University

Characterizing Hmx/Ap Cocrystal Propellant Through Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence, Seth M. Nielsen, Michael S. Powell, Steven F. Son

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Energetic cocrystals, or energetic materials that consist of two or more components that form a unique crystalline structure with unique properties, are currently being investigated as a possible method for decreasing the sensitivity of high energy density explosives for use in powerful solid composite propellants. Fuels more powerful than those in current use have not been practical because of their increased safety hazard due to higher sensitivity to being ignited. This has been one of the barriers that has prevented solid composite propellants from seeing significant improvements in performance. This study is an attempt to characterize a cocrystal of HMX ...


High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen 2016 Purdue University

High Strain Rate Experiments Of Energetic Material Binder, Roberto Rangel Mendoza, Michael Harr, Weinong Chen

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Energetic materials, in particular HMX, is widely used in many applications as polymer bonded explosives (PBX) and rocket propellant. However, when damaged, HMX is known to be an unstable substance which renders it a hazardous material and in some cases unreliable. Finding critical mechanical conditions at high rates that render various forms of energetic materials as unreliable would be vital to understand the effects that vibrations and compression forces have on energetic materials. A better understanding would enable the ability to develop improvements in the manufacturing of PBX and rocker propellant. The method utilized to evaluate the mechanical properties of ...


Lignin-Based Li-Ion Anode Materials Synthesized From Low-Cost Renewable Resources, Nicholas William McNutt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lignin-Based Li-Ion Anode Materials Synthesized From Low-Cost Renewable Resources, Nicholas William Mcnutt

Doctoral Dissertations

In today’s world, the demand for novel methods of energy storage is increasing rapidly, particularly with the rise of portable electronic devices, electric vehicles, and the personal consumption and storage of solar energy. While other technologies have arguably improved at a rate that is exponential in accordance with Moore’s law, battery technology has lagged behind largely due to the difficulty in devising new electric storage systems that are simultaneously high performing, inexpensive, and safe.

In order to tackle these challenges, novel Li-ion battery anodes have been developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory that are made from lignin, a ...


Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau 2016 Boise State University

Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Thermoelectric half-Heusler compounds have potential to convert the heat wasted from industrial and transportation processes to useful electricity. Among the highest performing half-Heusler compounds are nano-structured bulk materials which have been arc-melted, pulverized into a nano-powder, and sintered by DC-hot press. High performing n- and p-type half-Heusler compounds with nominal composition of Hf0.25Zr0.75NiSn0.99Sb0.01 and Nb0.75Ti0.25FeSb, respectively, have been provided to us in both dense and powder form by our collaborators at the University of Houston. We consolidate these powders by SPS, refine these ...


Application Of Molecular Layer Deposition For Graphite Anodes In Lithium-Ion Batteries And Porous Thin-Film Materials, Craig L. Langford 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Application Of Molecular Layer Deposition For Graphite Anodes In Lithium-Ion Batteries And Porous Thin-Film Materials, Craig L. Langford

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With climate change occurring because of greenhouse gas emissions, the demand for emission free transportation has led to the development of electric vehicles. Improving the batteries’ cycling stability, capacity and safety have been the leading challenges to compete with gasoline and diesel engines. With advances in thin-film deposition techniques via atomic and molecular layer deposition, ultrathin films can be deposited to control the surface chemistry of the battery’s active materials. This thesis aims to understand two main aspects of molecular layer deposition. First, how it can influence solid electrolyte interface formation on the graphite surface during cycling in a ...


Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan 2016 University of Dayton

Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan

Kevin Hallinan

Latent energy storage capacity was analyzed for a system consisting of carbon nanoparticlesdopedphase changematerials (PCMs). Three types of samples were prepared by doping shell wax with single wall carbon nanotubes(SWCNTs), multiwall CNTs, and carbon nanofibers. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to measure the latent heat of fusion. The measured values of latent heat for all the samples showed a good enhancement over the latent heat of pure wax. A maximum enhancement of approximately 13% was observed for the wax/SWCNT composite corresponding to 1% loading of SWCNT. The change in latent heat was modeled by using an approximation for ...


Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, Mikhail Khenner 2016 Western Kentucky University

Model For Computing Kinetics Of The Graphene Edge Epitaxial Growth On Copper, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

A basic kinetic model that incorporates a coupled dynamics of the carbon atoms and dimers on a copper
surface is used to compute growth of a single-layer graphene island. The speed of the island’s edge advancement
on Cu[111] and Cu[100] surfaces is computed as a function of the growth temperature and pressure. Spatially
resolved concentration profiles of the atoms and dimers are determined, and the contributions provided by these
species to the growth speed are discussed. Island growth under the conditions of a thermal cycling is studied.


Carbon Fiber As Anode Material For Cathodic Prevention In Cementitious Materials, Emma Qingnan Zhang, Luping Tang, Thomas Zack 2016 Chalmers University of Technology

Carbon Fiber As Anode Material For Cathodic Prevention In Cementitious Materials, Emma Qingnan Zhang, Luping Tang, Thomas Zack

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

Cathodic prevention (CPre) technique is a promising method and has been used for the past two decades to prevent steel from corrosion in concrete structures. However, wide application of this technique has been restricted due to high costs of anode materials. In order to lower the cost and further improve this technique, carbon fiber composite anode has been introduced as an alternative anode material with affordable price and other outstanding properties. This paper presents the study of using carbon fiber mesh as anode material for long-term cathodic prevention system and the effect of accelerated current on macro- and microstructure of ...


Predicting Flexural Strength Of Composite Honeycomb Core Sandwich Panels Using Mechanical Models Of Face Sheet Compressive Strength, Nicholas Bruffey, William Shiu 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Predicting Flexural Strength Of Composite Honeycomb Core Sandwich Panels Using Mechanical Models Of Face Sheet Compressive Strength, Nicholas Bruffey, William Shiu

Materials Engineering

The design process at Zodiac Aerospace requires the ability to accurately predict the strength of a composite honeycomb core sandwich panel to adhere to strict FAA regulations. The most common failure mode in long beam composites is in compression. Following ASTM D7249 for a four-point bend test of a long beam flexural test, a mechanical model has been developed that relates the compressive strength of glass fiber face sheets to the flexural strength of the sandwich panel. Zodiac does not currently have data on the compressive strength of the face sheets, so testing was performed to find this property. Asymmetric ...


Shear Strength Of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Hinges Using The V-Notch Rail Shear Test, Calvin Noetzel 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Shear Strength Of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Hinges Using The V-Notch Rail Shear Test, Calvin Noetzel

Materials Engineering

The mechanical properties of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) hinges produced by Common Fibers (Kent, Washington) are a new technology with uncharacterized mechanical properties. Currently, Common Fiber’s hinges are utilized in wallets, but in order to expand the application of the hinges to structural components, complete characterization of the mechanical properties of the hinges is necessary. To address this problem, hinges developed by Common Fibers were tested utilizing the V-Notch rail shear test, ASTM D7078, to determine the shear strength of the hinges. Two layups, [+45/-45/0]s and [0/+45/-45/0]s were produced by Common ...


Selection Of A Flexible Polymer To Protect Dry Carbon Fibers In A Cfrp Wallet Hinge, Evan Dowey, Matthew Johnson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Selection Of A Flexible Polymer To Protect Dry Carbon Fibers In A Cfrp Wallet Hinge, Evan Dowey, Matthew Johnson

Materials Engineering

Common Fibers, a company founded by Cal Poly alumni, produces carbon fiber wallets. The invention of their built-in fiber-matrix composite hinge reduces the need for extra complexity and added mass that is inherent with using standard metal hinges to join standard composite panels. Replacing the polyurethane tape on the wallet hinge allows for improved protection while maintaining flexibility and other performance properties is critical to the success of such a design. The most important material property in this project is the bond strength between carbon fiber and a variety of flexible resin candidates. The silicone and urethane based elastomer resins ...


Life Cycle Assessment Of Paper Versus Electronic Assignment Submission In Cal Poly's Materials Engineering, Patrick McDonnal 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Life Cycle Assessment Of Paper Versus Electronic Assignment Submission In Cal Poly's Materials Engineering, Patrick Mcdonnal

Materials Engineering

Both hard and soft copy submission of assignments make an impact on the environment to produce the final product in terms of energy consumption and carbon emissions; an investigation was conducted as to which method is less environmentally impactful. Student disposition towards each assignment submission method was also investigated because it is associated with learning efficacy. A survey was conducted in Cal Poly’s Materials Engineering Department to determine the contributing components to the environmental impact of paper and electronic assignments, as well as the students’ disposition towards each of them. Contributing components are man-made products used by a student ...


Life Cycle Assessment And Comparison Of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles Prepared By Aqueous And Microwave Synthesis Methods, Jesse Cartland 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Life Cycle Assessment And Comparison Of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles Prepared By Aqueous And Microwave Synthesis Methods, Jesse Cartland

Materials Engineering

Abstract: Magnesium oxide nanoparticles are being used increasingly as catalysts for organic synthesis, fuel oil additives, and CO2 adsorbents. There are many ways to produce magnesium oxide nanoparticles, but there is little information available regarding the environmental costs of production. As demand for environmentally friendly materials increases, it is important to understand environmental impact differences between various production methods. This study will compare the differences in embodied energy and global warming potential (GWP) between two synthesis methods: microwave combustion synthesis (microwave synthesis) and oxidation of magnesium hydroxide (aqueous synthesis). The resulting nanoparticles were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM ...


Investigation Of Outlife Time On The Environmental Durability Of P2-Etched, Adhesively-Bonded Aluminum Alloys Using The Astm Wedge Test, Daniel Gross, Corey Sutton 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Investigation Of Outlife Time On The Environmental Durability Of P2-Etched, Adhesively-Bonded Aluminum Alloys Using The Astm Wedge Test, Daniel Gross, Corey Sutton

Materials Engineering

P2 etchant is an environmentally-friendly aluminum etchant which has the potential to replace the Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) etchant as the industry standard. Environmental durability of adhesively-bonded aluminum surfaces etched using a paste version of the P2 etchant were tested using the Boeing-developed wedge test (ASTM D3762 - 03(2010)). This project specifically aimed to examine the relationship between outlife time (the time between etching and adhering) and the ability of bonded aluminum samples to pass the wedge test. Two aluminum alloys, 2024-T3 and 7075-T6, were wedge tested and the etched surfaces examined with an atomic force microscope (AFM) and a ...


Improving Surface Roughness Of Optically Telegraphed Composite Laminations, Michael Smith 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Improving Surface Roughness Of Optically Telegraphed Composite Laminations, Michael Smith

Materials Engineering

In collaboration with Watson Furniture, this project seeks to identify the cause of surface roughness on composite panels processed into commercial furnishings. The surface roughness was examined and measured using an optical microscope, a scanning electron microscope (SEM), and a profilometer. The SEM and optical microscope provided qualitative data on the surface roughness as well as the film build of each layer. After an initial characterization of the manufactured samples provided by Watson Furniture, additional samples were fabricated for testing using different manufacturing processes than those used by Watson Furniture. These samples were constructed in-house using raw materials provided by ...


Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa 2016 Quattrone Nanofabrication Facility

Metal Assisted Chemical Etching, Inayat Bajwa

Protocols and Reports

No abstract provided.


Sulfur Based Electrode Materials For Secondary Batteries, Yong Hao 2016 Florida International University

Sulfur Based Electrode Materials For Secondary Batteries, Yong Hao

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Developing next generation secondary batteries has attracted much attention in recent years due to the increasing demand of high energy and high power density energy storage for portable electronics, electric vehicles and renewable sources of energy. This dissertation investigates sulfur based advanced electrode materials in Lithium/Sodium batteries. The electrochemical performances of the electrode materials have been enhanced due to their unique nano structures as well as the formation of novel composites.

First, a nitrogen-doped graphene nanosheets/sulfur (NGNSs/S) composite was synthesized via a facile chemical reaction deposition. In this composite, NGNSs were employed as a conductive host to ...


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