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Investigating Tantalum As A Plasma-Facing Component For Nuclear Fusion Reactors, Arvind Sundaram, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D. 2017 Purdue University

Investigating Tantalum As A Plasma-Facing Component For Nuclear Fusion Reactors, Arvind Sundaram, Jitendra K. Tripathi, Theodore J. Novakowski, Ahmed Hassanein Ph. D.

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Nuclear fusion is a potential source for producing unlimited environment-friendly energy. Tungsten (W) is selected as the primary candidate material for plasma facing component in nuclear fusion reactors due to its high melting temperature (3695 K), low sputtering erosion yield and strong mechanical properties. However, recent investigations on W have confirmed that it undergoes severe surface morphology changes during low energy He plasma and/or ion irradiation similar to a harsh fusion environment. Additionally, our previous studies indicate that tantalum (Ta) may show better resistance to the harsh radiation environment and is therefore worthy of investigation. Hydrogen retention properties, specifically ...


Microstructure Evolution During Compaction Of Powder Blends, Ayush Giri, Marcial Gonzalez, Yasasvi Bommire 2017 Howard University

Microstructure Evolution During Compaction Of Powder Blends, Ayush Giri, Marcial Gonzalez, Yasasvi Bommire

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Powder compaction is a manufacturing technology used to transform powder particles into a solid material with unique anisotropic microstructure and low porosity. It is widely used by pharmaceutical companies to manufacture tablets with desired properties. These properties are the result of the microstructure obtained during the compaction process. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the mechanics underneath the constituent granular particles that eventually contribute to properties of the manufactured tablets. Computational simulation tools have been developed in the past to study powder compaction for pharmaceutical tablets. However, most of the already existing tools limit their scope to study individual particles ...


Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski 2017 Liberty University

Simulating Dynamic Failure Of Polymer-Bonded Explosives Under Periodic Excitation, Rachel Kohler, Camilo Duarte Cordon, Marisol Koslowski

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Accidental mishandling of explosive materials leads to thousands of injuries in the US every year. Understanding the mechanisms behind the detonation process is crucial to prevent such accidents. In polymer-bonded explosives (PBX), high-frequency mechanical excitation generates thermal energy and can lead to an increase in temperature and vapor pressure, and potentially the initiation of the detonation process. However, the mechanisms behind this energy release, such as the effects of dynamic fracture and friction, are not well understood. Experimental data is difficult to collect due to the different time scales of reactions and vibrations, so research is aided by running simulations ...


Core-Shell Copper And Nickel Nanofoam: Uniform Electroplating And Properties, Hassan Zbib, David Bahr 2017 Washington State University

Core-Shell Copper And Nickel Nanofoam: Uniform Electroplating And Properties, Hassan Zbib, David Bahr

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Characterizing materials on the nanoscale is a key factor to enhance nanotechnology in diverse applications, ranging from electronics to energy fields. However, controlling the structure of the material at the nanoscale or mimicking the nanoscale features of a structure that already exists requires linking processing conditions to the nanostructure. This work focuses on solids that show porous patterns at the nano-micro scale; these are often called cellular solids and classified into two categories: honeycombs and foams. This study focuses on nanofoams; with ligament dimensions in the sub-micron scale. Electrospinning has been developed to produce nanofoam structures of polymers with controlled ...


Modelling Catalytic Structures With Python And Ase, Tommie L. Day, Peilin Liao, Pilsun Yoo 2017 St. Mary's College of Maryland

Modelling Catalytic Structures With Python And Ase, Tommie L. Day, Peilin Liao, Pilsun Yoo

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Voltaic cells hold great potential as a source of clean electricity generation. These fuel sources are more efficient than combustion engines, and they do not produce environmentally harmful by-products. The electrochemical reaction which occurs within the cell is typically catalyzed by platinum, which increases the cost. The search for a better performing, less expensive catalyst is hindered by the lack of a complete, predictive theory of catalysis. Using Quantum Espresso and the Atomic Simulation Environment library for Python, we created a tool for nanoHUB.org which can visually and computationally model catalytic surfaces. This tool can simulate nanoparticles and metallic ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Hybrid Nanocomposites By Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, Songlin Yang 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Fabrication And Characterization Of Hybrid Nanocomposites By Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation, Songlin Yang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Different methods have been applied to deposit hybrid nanocomposites which can be applied in various fields due to their light weight and multifunctional properties. Here, matrix assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) equipment with 532 nm Nd:YAG laser is applied to fabricate three types of hybrid nanocomposites on different substrates.

Chemical synthesized FeCo nanoparticles were deposited on graphene sheets by MAPLE technique (laser fluence: 300 mJ/cm2). The effects of deposition time (t) on particle amount, shape and size have been investigated. Yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) materials are one type of high-temperature superconductive materials and could be applied ...


Viscoelastic Analysis And Fatigue Characterization Of Bituminous Materials In Two Length Scales Under The Influence Of Aging, Santosh Reddy Kommidi 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Viscoelastic Analysis And Fatigue Characterization Of Bituminous Materials In Two Length Scales Under The Influence Of Aging, Santosh Reddy Kommidi

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Fatigue cracking in asphalt concrete (AC) is of immense importance to pavement design and analysis because it is one of the most important forms of distress that can lead to structural failure in pavement. Once started, these types of cracks can be combined with other environmental factors leading to detrimental effects such as faster rates of pavement deterioration and shortened pavement life and functionality.

Currently AASHTO TP101, also known as linear amplitude sweep (LAS) specification, is being widely used to evaluate the ability of an asphalt binder to resist fatigue. The LAS method, although mechanistic in its approach, has certain ...


The Mechanism Of Radiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution In Oxide Dispersion Strengthened And Ferritic-Martensitic Alloys, Matthew John Swenson 2017 Boise State University

The Mechanism Of Radiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution In Oxide Dispersion Strengthened And Ferritic-Martensitic Alloys, Matthew John Swenson

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study is to evaluate the mechanism of irradiation-induced nanoparticle evolution in a model Fe-9%Cr oxide dispersion strengthened steel and commercial ferritic-martensitic alloys HCM12A and HT9. Each alloy is irradiated with Fe2+ ions, protons, or neutrons to doses ranging from 1-100 displacements per atoms at 500°C. The morphology of nanoclusters are characterized using atom probe tomography. The evolution of clusters in each alloy are notably different with each irradiating particle, and the competing effects of ballistic dissolution and radiation-enhanced, diffusion-driven growth are attributed to the respective differences in cluster evolution. A phase evolution model ...


A Study In The Use Of Elastic Materials In Expandable Containment Units, Andrew J. Eisenman, Joby Anthony III, David Satagaj 2017 Liberty University

A Study In The Use Of Elastic Materials In Expandable Containment Units, Andrew J. Eisenman, Joby Anthony Iii, David Satagaj

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

The rigidity of materials in conjunction with the aspect of elasticity has been a concern of modern technologies and construction in recent centuries because of the advantages that expandable storage would bring to the fields of containment units with respect to population growth and space exploration. The world population is currently growing at an exponential rate, and as our population grows, the more important it will become to have containment units that can both contain large volumes of material as well as minuscule amounts of material without wasting space. In order accomplish this, we will need a new type of ...


Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield 2017 Iowa State University

Physical Properties Of Single Crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce − Nd , Gd − Dy , Yb ) And The Search For In-Plane Magnetic Anisotropy In Hexagonal Systems, Tai Kong, William R. Meier, Qisheng Lin, Scott M. Saunders, S. L. Bud’Ko, Rebecca Flint, Paul C. Canfield

Paul C. Canfield

Single crystals ofRMg2Cu9 (R = Y, Ce-Nd, Gd-Dy, Yb) were grown using a high-temperature solution growth technique and were characterized by measurements of room-temperature x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent specific heat, and temperature- and field-dependent resistivity and anisotropic magnetization. YMg2Cu9 is a nonlocal- moment-bearing metal with an electronic specific heat coefficient, γ ∼ 15 mJ/mol K2. Yb is divalent and basically non-moment-bearing in YbMg2Cu9. Ce is trivalent in CeMg2Cu9 with two magnetic transitions being observed at 2.1 K and 1.5 K. PrMg2Cu9 does not exhibit any magnetic phase transition down to 0.5 K. The other members being studied (R = Nd ...


Cellulose–Hemicellulose And Cellulose–Lignin Interactions During Fast Pyrolysis, Jing Zhang, Yong S. Choi, Chang G. Yoo, Tae H. Kim, Robert C. Brown, Brent H. Shanks 2017 Iowa State University

Cellulose–Hemicellulose And Cellulose–Lignin Interactions During Fast Pyrolysis, Jing Zhang, Yong S. Choi, Chang G. Yoo, Tae H. Kim, Robert C. Brown, Brent H. Shanks

Brent H Shanks

Previously, the primary product distribution resulting from fast pyrolysis of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin was quantified. This study extends the analysis to the examinations of interactions between cellulose–hemicellulose and cellulose–lignin, which were determined by comparing the pyrolysis products from their native mixture, physical mixture, and superposition of individual components. Negligible interactions were found for both binary physical mixtures. For the native cellulose–hemicellulose mixture, no significant interaction was identified either. In the case of the native cellulose–lignin mixture, herbaceous biomass exhibited an apparent interaction, represented by diminished yield of levoglucosan and enhanced yield of low molecular weight ...


Comparison Of Intrusive And Non-Intrusive Methods For Corrosion Monitoring Of Fuel Processing Systems, Armando Jacob Espinoza, Thomas Conner Field 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Comparison Of Intrusive And Non-Intrusive Methods For Corrosion Monitoring Of Fuel Processing Systems, Armando Jacob Espinoza, Thomas Conner Field

Materials Engineering

This presentation contains an assessment of the best overall corrosion monitoring device, intrusive or non-intrusive, for use in the petrochemical industry. Corrosion in the petrochemical industry is a large issue because it causes a deterioration of pipe integrity in fuel processing systems. A reduction of pipe wall integrity due to corrosion could result in a leak or an explosion of fuel processing lines since those systems function at high pressures. The use of corrosion monitoring systems in the petrochemical industry helps to detect early signs of corrosion prior to failure so that proper maintenance can be performed to prevent catastrophe ...


Inkjet Printing Of Nano-Silver Conductive Ink On Pet Substrate, Skyler Jiang 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Inkjet Printing Of Nano-Silver Conductive Ink On Pet Substrate, Skyler Jiang

Materials Engineering

Printing of conductive ink traditionally uses copper-based ink and was used on high temperature metal substrates due to the high curing and sintering temperature of copper. In this experiment, however, Metalon JS-B25P nano-silver conductive ink was printed using an Epson Stylus C88+ inkjet printer on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) based Novele printing media made for low temperature applications. With silver’s lower sintering temperature, the nano-silver particles in this ink are desired to be able to sinter at a low enough temperature to be used on the PET substrate. The printed ink traces were cured with a temperature-controlled hotplate at 100 ...


Effect Of Composition And Build Direction On Additively Manufactured Hastelloy X Alloys, Justin A. Spitzer, Jeffrey T. Schloetter, Sarah Zerga 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Composition And Build Direction On Additively Manufactured Hastelloy X Alloys, Justin A. Spitzer, Jeffrey T. Schloetter, Sarah Zerga

Materials Engineering

Microcracking has caused premature failure and reduction in properties in additively manufactured (AM) Hastelloy X. The purpose of this research is to meet or exceed the mechanical properties of wrought Hastelloy X by modifying the composition and build direction of Hastelloy X manufactured using Direct Metal Deposition (DMD). Tensile testing, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and metallography were performed on the samples. ANOVA was used to analyze the dependence that the properties had on build direction and composition. The nominal composition wrought samples had a yield strength of 310.1 MPa and a 60.79% Elongation. Alloy P60-X18 in a horizontal ...


Characterization Of Slm Printed 316l Stainless Steel And Investigation Of Microlattice Geometry, Finley H. Marbury 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Characterization Of Slm Printed 316l Stainless Steel And Investigation Of Microlattice Geometry, Finley H. Marbury

Materials Engineering

The goal of this project was firstly to characterize Cal Poly’s SLM printed 316L stainless steel. SEM analysis showed Cal Poly’s as-printed 316L material to have a cellular dendritic microstructure containing mostly austenite and a small amount of δ-ferrite. After being heat treated to eliminate warp, its yeild and ultimate tensile strength were on par with the literature, however higher modulus and lower elongation were observed. XRD analysis confirmed residual stresses in the material, and that grains are preferentially oriented in both heat treated and non heat treated samples. The amount of porosity in the material was found ...


Mitigation Of Corrosion Under Insulation (Cui) Of Carbon Steel Of Different Insulating Materials: A Literature Review And Testing Analysis, Michael Alexander Lowes 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Mitigation Of Corrosion Under Insulation (Cui) Of Carbon Steel Of Different Insulating Materials: A Literature Review And Testing Analysis, Michael Alexander Lowes

Materials Engineering

Equipment often found in refineries may be enveloped in insulation and weathering jackets to maintain internal processing temperatures. In many cases moisture from the environment will penetrate the weathering jacket and infiltrate the insulation, leaching corrosive ions to the surface of metal equipment, effectively creating a corrosion cell. The goal of this project is to investigate different insulating materials for their ability to inhibit corrosion under insulation (CUI). The inhibiting mechanism utilizes water ingress that leaches ions from the insulator to bond with the surface metal and create a passive layer, inhibiting any further corrosion. This study will follow ASTM ...


Invariant-Based Method For Improving Efficiency Of Mechanical Testing In Aerospace Certification Of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Composites, Alyssa Rina Gruezo, Erika Gabrielle Hansen 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Invariant-Based Method For Improving Efficiency Of Mechanical Testing In Aerospace Certification Of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Composites, Alyssa Rina Gruezo, Erika Gabrielle Hansen

Materials Engineering

The current challenge with qualification of carbon fiber composites in the aerospace industry would be the low efficiency of testing hundreds of samples. The Trace Theory strives to streamline the qualification process by utilizing a material’s Trace to predict properties of composites using Excel programs and basis data. To test this theory, predicted properties from the program, QuickLam, were compared to experimental data. Unidirectional 0° (T1), unidirectional 90° (T2), quasi-isotropic (T3), and hard quasi-isotropic (T4) laminates were made using HexTowR carbon fiber and TC250 resin provided by TenCate Advanced Composites. Tensile and compression tests were done according to ASTM ...


An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Nanomechanical Behavior Of Hard/Soft Multilayered Coatings, Benigno Sandoval 2017 University of New Mexico

An Experimental And Numerical Study Of Nanomechanical Behavior Of Hard/Soft Multilayered Coatings, Benigno Sandoval

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Multilayer thin film composites, sometimes referred to as nanolaminates, have emerged as an important subset of materials with novel, and often tunable, properties such as high strength, high toughness, and resistance to wear or corrosion. Often fabricated using alternating layers of two or more materials, these multilayer thin film coatings are typically expensive and time intensive to fabricate and characterize and exhibit novel responses to nanomechanical testing such as plasticity during unloading. This thesis explores the nanoindentation response of hard/soft multilayer coatings through examination of the optical coating Al/SiC and similar coating Al/SiO2. Instrumented indentation was used ...


Peridynamic Models For Fatigue And Fracture In Isotropic And In Polycrystalline Materials, Guanfeng Zhang 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Peridynamic Models For Fatigue And Fracture In Isotropic And In Polycrystalline Materials, Guanfeng Zhang

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

To improve design and reliability, extensive efforts has been devoted to understanding damage and failure of materials and structures using numerical simulation, as a complement of theory and experiment. In this thesis, peridynamics is adopted to study fatigue and dynamic failure problems.

Fatigue is a major failure mode in engineering structures. Predicting fracture/failure under cyclic loading is a challenging problem. Classical model cannot directly be applied to problems with discontinuities. A peridynamic model is adopted in this work because of important advantages of peridynamics in allowing autonomous crack initiation and propagation. A recently proposed peridynamic fatigue crack model is ...


Excitations Of Quasi-Particles In Nanostructured Systems, Jingxuan Ge 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Excitations Of Quasi-Particles In Nanostructured Systems, Jingxuan Ge

Doctoral Dissertations

The excitation of quasiparticles, like the investigated excitons and plasmons here, are the optically most prominent responses of materials. In nanostructured system, the sample quality is crucial for quantitative investigations of these optical excitations. We used electron beam evaporation, nano-second laser dewetting, and electron metalorganic chemical vapor deposition techniques to prepare well-defined and “clean” transmission electron microscopy (TEM) samples. Electron energy-loss microscopy (EELS) performed in STEM mode was employed to investigate the structural and electro-optical properties. Quantifit software was used to analyze the EELS spectra quantitatively in terms of inelastic scattering probability, energy and lifetime.

We found that the ferroplasmon ...


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