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Recent Articles in Metallurgy
Process-Structure Relationships Of Magnesium Alloys, Arindam Banerjee Western University
Process-Structure Relationships Of Magnesium Alloys, Arindam Banerjee
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This research study characterizes the effects of solidification conditions on the resulting microstructure of an AM60B magnesium alloy during the solidification cycle of the casting. Seventeen control points are chosen from different sections of an instrument panel beam casting and its centerline coordinates are located. These control points locations are then used by Meridian Lightweight Technology Inc. to run a simulation in a MAGMASoft casting software to obtain temperature-time specific data.
An exact analytical solution to the Stefan problem is used to compute the one dimensional heat transfer for a section of the casting and to calculate its temperature distribution ...
Fatigue Behavior Of High-Entropy Alloys, Michael Alexander Hemphill University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Fatigue Behavior Of High-Entropy Alloys, Michael Alexander Hemphill
Research was performed on the Al9Co18.2Cr18.2Cu18.2Fe18.2Ni18.2 [subscripts atomic percent] and Al7.5Cr22.5Fe35Mn20Ni15 high-entropy alloys (HEAs) in an attempt to study their fatigue behavior. The present investigation shows encouraging fatigue-resistance characteristics due to their high fatigue lives of various samples at relatively high stresses. The current results indicate that the fatigue behavior of HEAs compares favorably to many conventional alloys, such as steels, titanium alloys, and advanced bulk metallic glasses with a fatigue-endurance limit of ...
Bacterial Growth On Metal And Non-Metal Surfaces In A Static Bioreactor, Rolan Yuk Loong Liong California Polytechnic State University
Bacterial Growth On Metal And Non-Metal Surfaces In A Static Bioreactor, Rolan Yuk Loong Liong
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Research was conducted to observe bacterial growth on the surface of metals in a static bioreactor. Metal and non-metal samples were subjected to bacterial exposure (1 day and 9 days). The metal samples were surface treated prior to bacterial exposure. The microstructures of the surface treated samples were analyzed by optical microscopy. After exposure, the microstructures of the samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The analysis suggested that microbial attachment on the surface was related to the underlying microstructure of steel. The preferential attachment of microbes could potentially be influenced by cathodic and anodic regions created by the ...
Densification And Bonding Of Copper And Aluminum Powders, Yangfan Li Northeastern University
Densification And Bonding Of Copper And Aluminum Powders, Yangfan Li
Mechanical Engineering Master's Theses
Ultrasonic powder consolidation (UPC) is a novel rapid, full-density powder consolidation process in which metal powders confined in a die under uniaxial loading is subjected to ultrasonic vibration at low temperature for a few seconds or less. In this research, copper powders with dendritic and spherical morphologies and an aluminum powder with spherical morphology were subjected to UPC under various conditions to investigate the effects of the process variables on the densification and metallurgical bonding of the compact. An ultrasonic washing test, developed in this research, was used to determine the extent of densification and bonding achieved in specimens consolidated ...
Prediction Of The Thermomechanical Behavior Of Particle-Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites, Yi Hua, Linxia Gu University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Prediction Of The Thermomechanical Behavior Of Particle-Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites, Yi Hua, Linxia Gu
Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications
The objective of this paper was to predict the thermomechanical behavior of 2080 aluminum alloy reinforced with SiC particles using the Mori–Tanaka theory combined with the finite element method. The influences of particle volume fraction, stiffness, aspect ratio and orientation were examined in terms of effective Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of the composite. The microstructure induced local stress and strain field was obtained through the numerical models of the representative volume element. Results suggested that particle volume fraction had significant impact on the effective Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio and ...
Analyzing The Corrosion Resistance Of Ni-Shield 200 Coatings At Different Temperatures When Exposed To Sulphuric Acid, Alex Hussinger California Polytechnic State University
Analyzing The Corrosion Resistance Of Ni-Shield 200 Coatings At Different Temperatures When Exposed To Sulphuric Acid, Alex Hussinger
Six steel samples each were twin wire arc sprayed with Hastelloy C-276 or Nickel-Shield 200 coatings approximately 0.020″ thick. These samples were then cut into 3″ by 3″ squares. A 2″ diamond grit hole saw was used to abrade and polish to a smooth surface a ring in the middle in order to get an O-ring mechanical seal. The samples were then weighed and loaded into a jig that started from the bottom up with a stainless steel plate, then the sample, then a Viton O-ring, a ¾″ thick glass plate with a 1 3/4″ hole cut in ...
Development And Use Of A Simple Test Method To Evaluate Reheat Cracking Sensitivity In The Weld Deposit Region Of A Submerged Arc Weld, Maxwell Calder Trent University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Development And Use Of A Simple Test Method To Evaluate Reheat Cracking Sensitivity In The Weld Deposit Region Of A Submerged Arc Weld, Maxwell Calder Trent
Several fabricators have recently noted the occurrence of reheat cracking in the weld deposits of 2¼[ two and one fourth]Cr‑1Mo‑¼[one fourth]V (22V) during the fabrication of pressure vessels used in the petrochemical industry. Due to increased oversight now required during fabrication of already expensive pressure vessels, studies have commenced worldwide in an effort to identify root causes and formulate mitigating actions to weld reheat cracking issues. The Materials Joining Group (MJG) at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UTK) have adapted an existing reheat cracking test originally developed for use with alloys similar to 22V ...
Graphene Refinement By High Temperature Anneals, Benjamin A. Calvopina, Justin Bult, Jeff Blackburn California Polytechnic State University
Graphene Refinement By High Temperature Anneals, Benjamin A. Calvopina, Justin Bult, Jeff Blackburn
STEM Teacher and Researcher (STAR) Program Posters
Graphene’s intrinsic properties of being a good conductor as well as having efficient optical transmission make it a potentially useful material in photovoltaic cells as a transparent conducting electrode. One problem preventing graphene from being fully utilized stems from contaminates created and deposited during the transfer process of multiple graphene layers. After synthesis, TRT (Thermal Release Tape) is applied to the graphene supported on the copper growth substrate. TRT utilizes a unique formulation of adhesive that is temperature sensitive so that it will release when heated. Upon removing the growth substrate in a chemical bath, the TRT is used ...
Inclusion Control Model In The Ladle Metallurgy Furnace, Jorgelina Pérez McMaster University
Inclusion Control Model In The Ladle Metallurgy Furnace, Jorgelina Pérez
Open Access Dissertations and Theses
The inclusions are harmful to the steel cleanliness; process parameters such as stirring and steel and slag oxidation must be controlled to obtain a final number of inclusions in the steel whose size is smaller than the critical size for each steel product.
A simple mathematical model was developed to analyze the impact of bubbling, slag and initial oxidation level on inclusion distribution control (quantity and size of them) during the process in a Ladle Metallurgy Furnace (LMF).
The initial inclusion size distribution is calculated and adjusted with the samples analyzed by SEM-EDAX, this initial distribution decreases by removal mechanisms ...
Analysis Of Liquid Pooling During Late-Stage Solidification, Rameez Ashraf McMaster University
Analysis Of Liquid Pooling During Late-Stage Solidification, Rameez Ashraf
Open Access Dissertations and Theses
Grain structure and secondary phases play a critical role in determining the mechanical properties of industrial alloys. The spatial variation of such phases is very closely correlated to the liquid pooling established during late stage solidification and grain boundary coalescence. Obtaining a theory that correlates the evolution of length scales during grain boundary coalescence is a critical step toward the optimization of commercial alloys. This thesis highlights various phenomena that enter such a theory. They include coarsening and coalescence of dendrites, nucleation mechanisms and changes in composition of inter-dendritic liquid where second phases tend to initially form. Quantitative phase field ...
Characterization Of Major Intermetallic Phases In Solidified Al-Xsi-Yfe-Zsr (X=2 To 12.5 Wt%, Y=0 To 0.5 Wt% And Z=0 And 0.02 Wt%) Alloys., Anton Gorny
Open Access Dissertations and Theses
Al-Si cast alloys have been in the fore-front of commercial casting application for more than a century. Iron containing intermetallic phases that evolve during the solidification of these alloys play a major role in the resultant mechanical properties and performance of the cast products. Changes in alloy composition and casting parameters significantly alter the evolution of the Al-Si-Fe intermetallic phases. There was a lack of clear understanding of the complex relationships between the solidification parameters and nature intermetallic phases in these alloys. Current thermodynamic model predictions for the nature of these intermetallic phases in the Al corner of the Al-Si-Fe ...
Discontinuous Grain Boundaries Of Forged René 41, Steven Crump California Polytechnic State University
Discontinuous Grain Boundaries Of Forged René 41, Steven Crump
Forged components must pass a grain size specification (grain size, distribution) for acceptance in an application. The varying amounts of plastic deformation during forging can lead to abnormally large recrystallized grain sizes in certain regions of the part, which will not pass specification. The question exists whether these abnormally coarse grains are truly comprised of poly crystalline fine grains with grain boundaries resistant to etching techniques. To investigate this abnormal grain size effect, a cross section of a forged René 41 nickel-based superalloy aircraft engine ring was cut and sectioned into six segments. Those segments were then prepared for microstructural ...
Effect Of Heating Temperature, Heating Time And Initial Microstructure On Recrystallization Of Waspaloy During Heating For Forging, Marissa Hill California Polytechnic State University
Effect Of Heating Temperature, Heating Time And Initial Microstructure On Recrystallization Of Waspaloy During Heating For Forging, Marissa Hill
A fine, uniform grain size is required for creep limited Waspaloy in aircraft engine applications. Upon heating, Waspaloy does not always recrystallize in a uniform manner resulting in occasional large grains with a majority of the grains meeting the grain size requirements. Waspaloy’s microstructure was analyzed with different heat treatments and in the as-forged condition. The strengthening mechanism is the gamma prime phase. The gamma prime solvus temperature is 1908°F so the different heat treatments were determined around that temperature, as well as the forging temperature range of 1800-2150°F. At the 1850°F heat treatment, the microstructure ...
Characterization Of Positive Macrosegregation At The Subsurface Of Direct-Chill Cast 7050 Aluminum Forging Billets, Aaron Youril California Polytechnic State University
Characterization Of Positive Macrosegregation At The Subsurface Of Direct-Chill Cast 7050 Aluminum Forging Billets, Aaron Youril
Segregation of alloying elements during casting of forging billets may persist to the final forged component leading to unacceptable surface appearance. Determination of the elements or compounds that segregate is the essential first step to solving this problem. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) was used to determine a composition profile of the macrosegregation occurring at the subsurface of an as-cast 7050 aluminum alloy billet. Data collection was carried out by separating 10 to 20 mg samples from the outer centimeter along the radius of the billet, as well as samples from the bulk interior of the billet for comparison with the ...
Effects Of Beta Stabilizers On Quench Delay Susceptibility Of Ti-6al-4v, Kyle Logan California Polytechnic State University
Effects Of Beta Stabilizers On Quench Delay Susceptibility Of Ti-6al-4v, Kyle Logan
Tensile samples of Titanium 6Al-4V (Ti-6Al-4V) were machined from forgings containing rich and poor amounts of beta stabilizers in their compositions. The tensile samples were each heat treated two times. In the first round of heat treatments, the samples were either beta solution treated (BST), or solution treated (ST). Each sample was water quenched with varying quench delays of 10, 20, and 30 seconds. BST treated specimens were then overaged at 1350°F for 2 hours and air cooled (BSTOA); while the ST treated samples were aged at 990°F for 6 hours and air cooled (STA). Following heat treating ...
Effects Of Annealing/Solution Treating And Aging On Longitudinal And Transverse Properties Of Ti-6al-4v Forgings, Blake Reller California Polytechnic State University
Effects Of Annealing/Solution Treating And Aging On Longitudinal And Transverse Properties Of Ti-6al-4v Forgings, Blake Reller
Forty-eight subsize round-bar tensile samples (ASTM E8) were machined from 3-in-thick forgings of Ti-6Al-4V. Half of these samples were cut so the axis aligned with the longitudinal (LG) direction of the forging, the other half were cut to align with the transverse (LT) direction. Four samples from each direction were subjected to one of six heat treatments so that a total of eight samples received each treatment. Annealed samples were held at 1350°F for two hours, then air cooled. Solution treated and aged (STA) samples were solution treated at one of five temperatures between 1785°F and 1435°F ...
Characterization And Analysis Of Low Room Temperature Ductility Nickel-Based Superalloy 718 Plus For Aircraft Engine Forgings, Jonathon Bracci California Polytechnic State University
Characterization And Analysis Of Low Room Temperature Ductility Nickel-Based Superalloy 718 Plus For Aircraft Engine Forgings, Jonathon Bracci
Schlosser Forge Co. forges low pressure turbine (LPT) cases from the nickel based superalloy 718 Plus using the ring rolling forging process. Schlosser has been experiencing low room temperature ductility problems in a number of their 718 Plus LPT cases. LPT cases are required to pass a 4D tensile test at room temperature with a minimum of 15 percent elongation. The ductility problem was reduced by increasing the forging temperature from 1825˚F to 1850˚F. Analysis was performed on 718 Plus samples taken from forged LPT cases that failed the room temperature ductility requirement and ones that passed the ...
Magnetic Properties Study Of The Mn-Al System With Additions Of B Or C And Mechanical Milling Techniques, Timothy E. Prost University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Magnetic Properties Study Of The Mn-Al System With Additions Of B Or C And Mechanical Milling Techniques, Timothy E. Prost
Engineering Mechanics Dissertations & Theses
Recently a shift in the focus of permanent magnetic research has moved from Rare Earth (RE)-based alloys to those made from more readily available elements. Because of their relatively large magnetocrystalline anisotropy, L10 compounds have the potential for use as permanent magnet materials. One particular alloy that is readily available and inexpensive is near equi-atomic manganese and aluminum (Mn50-Al50). First characterized in 1958, it did not receive much attention until more recently when RE supply chain issues made the alloy more attractive for commercial and research applications. The ferromagnetic (FM) τ-phase (L10) is metastable ...
Microstructural Characterization Of Ti-6al-4v And Its Relationship To Sample Geometry, Blake Gaspar California Polytechnic State University
Microstructural Characterization Of Ti-6al-4v And Its Relationship To Sample Geometry, Blake Gaspar
A problem exists with a part produced by forging made by Shultz Steel of Ti-6Al-4V in the variance of properties throughout the part. There is one specific region that exhibits the most variance. The purpose of the report is to determine any microstructural differences within the region of interest in the part. When microstructures of the inner section and outer section of the part were looked at it was determined that they exhibited a martensitic structure. There was a noticeable difference in the lath structure between sections. The outer region contained larger more widely spread laths of an average length ...
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Inclusion Control Model In The Ladle Metallurgy Furnace, Jorgelina Pérez
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