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Laser Surface Treatment And Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Study Using Custom Designed 3d Printer And The Application Of Machine Learning In Materials Science, Hao Wen 2021 Louisiana State University

Laser Surface Treatment And Laser Powder Bed Fusion Additive Manufacturing Study Using Custom Designed 3d Printer And The Application Of Machine Learning In Materials Science, Hao Wen

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is a laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) based additive manufacturing (AM) method, which uses a laser beam to melt the selected areas of the metal powder bed. A customized SLM 3D printer that can handle a small quantity of metal powders was built in the lab to achieve versatile research purposes. The hardware design, electrical diagrams, and software functions are introduced in Chapter 2. Several laser surface engineering and SLM experiments were conducted using this customized machine which showed the functionality of the machine and some prospective fields that this machine can be utilized. Chapter 3 ...


Extraordinarily Strong Magneto-Responsiveness In Phase-Separated Lafe2si, Arjun K. Pathak, Yaroslav Mudryk, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Dominic H. Ryan, Duane D. Johnson, Vitalij K. Pecharsky 2021 SUNY Buffalo State

Extraordinarily Strong Magneto-Responsiveness In Phase-Separated Lafe2si, Arjun K. Pathak, Yaroslav Mudryk, Nikolai A. Zarkevich, Dominic H. Ryan, Duane D. Johnson, Vitalij K. Pecharsky

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Materials responding vigorously to minor variations of external stimuli with negligible hysteresis could revolutionize many of the energy technologies, including refrigeration, actuation, and sensing. We report a combined experimental and theoretical study of a two-phase composite, naturally formed at the LaFe2Si stoichiometry, which exhibits a nearly anhysteretic, two-step first-order ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic phase transformation with enhanced sensitivity to an external magnetic field. Other unusual properties include a large plateau-like positive magnetoresistance, magnetic-field-induced temperature and entropy changes occurring over a wide temperature range, and a Griffiths-like phase associated with short-range ferromagnetic clustering in the paramagnetic state. The heat capacity, magnetization, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and ...


Cocrfeni High-Entropy Alloy As An Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst In An Acidic Solution, Frank McKay, Yuxin Fang, Orhan Kizilkaya, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Amitava Roy, David P. Young, Phillip T. Sprunger, John C. Flake, William A. Shelton, Ye Xu 2021 Louisiana State University

Cocrfeni High-Entropy Alloy As An Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst In An Acidic Solution, Frank Mckay, Yuxin Fang, Orhan Kizilkaya, Prashant Singh, Duane D. Johnson, Amitava Roy, David P. Young, Phillip T. Sprunger, John C. Flake, William A. Shelton, Ye Xu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) have intriguing material properties, but their potential as catalysts has not been widely explored. Based on a concise theoretical model, we predict that the surface of a quaternary HEA of base metals, CoCrFeNi, should go from being nearly fully oxidized except for pure Ni sites when exposed to O2 to being partially oxidized in an acidic solution under cathodic bias, and that such a partially oxidized surface should be more active for the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in acidic solutions than all the component metals. These predictions are confirmed by electrochemical and surface science experiments: the ...


Improvement Of Electrical Properties Of Cmc-Pva Doped With Various Contents Of Lino3 As An Application For Hybrid Polymer Electrolytes, Amalia Zulkifli, Norfatihah Mazuki, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin 2021 Ionic Materials Team, Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang 26300, Malaysia

Improvement Of Electrical Properties Of Cmc-Pva Doped With Various Contents Of Lino3 As An Application For Hybrid Polymer Electrolytes, Amalia Zulkifli, Norfatihah Mazuki, Ahmad Salihin Samsudin

Makara Journal of Technology

The present work was carried out with the development of hybrid polymer electrolytes (HPEs) by using carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)–polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) doped with different contents of lithium nitrate (LiNO3) for the determination of their structural and conduction properties. The structural analysis was conducted by using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and showed the interaction between the blend host polymer and ionic dopant, which formed via the coordinating site of CMC-PVA and Li+-NO3−. The complexes of CMC-PVA doped LiNO3 led to an increment in ionic conductivity, as observed by electrical impedance spectroscopy, and the sample containing 20 wt% LiNO3 obtained ...


Comparison Of Concrete And Steel Jacket Methods For Reinforcing A Concrete Bridge Pier By Numerical And Experimental Studies, Hadi Faghihmaleki 2021 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran

Comparison Of Concrete And Steel Jacket Methods For Reinforcing A Concrete Bridge Pier By Numerical And Experimental Studies, Hadi Faghihmaleki

Makara Journal of Technology

Various rehabilitation and strengthening procedures have been developed in recent decades. A study to determine which methods can be implemented to increase the useful life of the bridge before strengthening must be performed. In this study, the seismic behavior of a reinforced concrete bridge pier with dimension 3.5 × 3.5 m, which was reinforced by two steel and a concrete jacket, was investigated. Nonlinear geometric models and materials were analyzed to estimate the seismic parameters of the pier. Results show an increase in energy absorption, ultimate strength, and ductility for the steel jacket, as well as a greater increase ...


Effect Of Arc Plasma Sintering On The Structural And Microstructural Properties Of Fe-Cr-Ni Austenitic Stainless Steels, Parikin Parikin, M. Dani, A. Dimyati, N. D. Purnamasari, B. Sugeng, M. Panitra, A. Insani, T. H. Priyanto, S. Mustofa, Syahbuddin Syahbuddin, A. Huang 2021 Center for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), South Tangerang 15314, Indonesia

Effect Of Arc Plasma Sintering On The Structural And Microstructural Properties Of Fe-Cr-Ni Austenitic Stainless Steels, Parikin Parikin, M. Dani, A. Dimyati, N. D. Purnamasari, B. Sugeng, M. Panitra, A. Insani, T. H. Priyanto, S. Mustofa, Syahbuddin Syahbuddin, A. Huang

Makara Journal of Technology

X-ray diffraction techniques were performed to determine the actual crystal structure of A2 austenitic stainless steel (ASS) as-cast and A2 ASS after arc plasma sintering (APS) for 2 s. Computations were conducted on the basis of the Bragg arithmetic formula by comparing the S2 arithmetic with the interplanar spacing. The Bragg arithmetic formula is a simple series for the determination of the crystalline phase of materials based on the Miller indices of cubic shapes or other shapes. A2 ASS as-cast was identified to have a crystal structure of face-centered cubic with lattice parameter a = 3.58 Å. A similar crystal ...


Trend Significance Levels Of Rain Onset And Cessation And Lengths Of The Wet And Dry Seasons In Epe, Lagos State, Nigeria, Adekunle Adedeji Alli, Olorunwa Eric Omofunmi 2021 Department of Agricultural & Bio-Environmental Engineering, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria

Trend Significance Levels Of Rain Onset And Cessation And Lengths Of The Wet And Dry Seasons In Epe, Lagos State, Nigeria, Adekunle Adedeji Alli, Olorunwa Eric Omofunmi

Makara Journal of Technology

This study aims to reduce crop failure resulting from a dry spell, which is the first occurrence of unsustainable rainfall that deceives farmers into planting. Thus, trends need to be tested using hypothesis, kurtosis, and other statistics to analyze the risks associated with unstable planting calendars and their possible mitigation strategies. The daily rainfall data from 1982 to 2018 were obtained from the archive of NASA/POWER SRB/FLASH, and the research location is Epe, Lagos State, Nigeria, which lies at latitude 6.585° N and longitude 3.962° E. Microsoft Excel was used to perform the tests. Results show ...


Music Information Retrieval Based On Active Frequency, Hardianto Wibowo, Wildan Suharso, Yufis Azhar, Galih Wasis Wicaksono, Agus Eko Minarno, Dani Harmanto 2021 Informatic Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang 65144, Indonesia

Music Information Retrieval Based On Active Frequency, Hardianto Wibowo, Wildan Suharso, Yufis Azhar, Galih Wasis Wicaksono, Agus Eko Minarno, Dani Harmanto

Makara Journal of Technology

Music is the art of combining frequencies. A balance of frequencies gives rise to a harmonious tone. Several features of music can be analyzed, and they include sociocultural background, lyrics, mood, tempo, rhythm, harmony, melody, timbre, and instrumentation. In this study, we use the frequency of instrumentation as a feature for classification because each instrument has a frequency range. To test this frequency range, we use five music genres and one music playing skill. The five genres are dangdut, electronic dance music (EDM), metal, pop/rock, and reggae. The music playing skill is acoustic. Active frequencies are tested using the ...


Kinetic Modeling Study Of Laminar Burning Velocity Of Gasoline–Ethanol–Methanol Blends At Elevated Temperature And Pressure, Ahmad Syihan Auzani, Cahyo Setyo Wibowo, Riesta Anggarani, Yulianto Sulistyo Nugroho, Bambang Sugiarto 2021 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Kinetic Modeling Study Of Laminar Burning Velocity Of Gasoline–Ethanol–Methanol Blends At Elevated Temperature And Pressure, Ahmad Syihan Auzani, Cahyo Setyo Wibowo, Riesta Anggarani, Yulianto Sulistyo Nugroho, Bambang Sugiarto

Makara Journal of Technology

Gasoline–ethanol–methanol (GEM) blends have been considered to replace pure gasoline as spark ignition engine fuel. Their physical and chemical properties and performance and emission measurements from real engines have been reported previously. However, a fundamental study that can explain the unique results of GEM compared with those of pure gasoline is lacking. This study aims to compare the laminar burning velocity of GEM blends at different mixtures, equivalence ratios, temperatures, and pressures with that of pure gasoline. A laminar flame propagation model and reaction mechanisms from the literature were were for a numerical simulation. In this study, the ...


Predictive Delivery Man Assignment Problem Using Deep Learning, Rahmadini Payla Juarsa, Taufik Djatna 2021 Agro-industrial Engineering Study Program, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Predictive Delivery Man Assignment Problem Using Deep Learning, Rahmadini Payla Juarsa, Taufik Djatna

Makara Journal of Technology

Dispatching is a critical part in current online shopping. It relates to how the delivery man assignment should minimize cost along with the service from a source to an end customer with an appropriate scheduled time. The problem arises as neither enough products to deliver nor delivery men are available for dispatch, resulting in suboptimal service and a waste of money. The study aimed to formulate the cost of restaurant dispatching for inducing a deep learning-based solution with the gated recurrent unit recurrent neural network to receive hourly order data and to engage the result for near feature delivery man ...


Studies Of Creep Damage In The Heat-Affected Zone Of 9cr-1mo-Vnb Steel Weldments, John William Bohling 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Studies Of Creep Damage In The Heat-Affected Zone Of 9cr-1mo-Vnb Steel Weldments, John William Bohling

Doctoral Dissertations

Creep strength enhanced ferritic (CSEF) steels are used in power plants for high temperature, pressure-containing welded components such as steam headers. One CSEF steel, 9Cr-1Mo-VNb or Grade 91, often exhibits localized creep deformation and cavitation in the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ), identified as Type IV creep damage. Three Grade 91 weldments were evaluated by creep testing and microstructural characterization using optical and scanning electron microscopy, combined with image analysis, to investigate microstructure evolution and creep damage. Two weldments fabricated from dissimilar base metals were used for direct comparison of creep damage in two materials simultaneously during cross-weld testing. Longitudinal creep ...


Transients In Plastic Instabilities During Thermo-Mechanical Reversals In An Additively Manufactured Ti6al4v, Sabina C. Kumar 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Transients In Plastic Instabilities During Thermo-Mechanical Reversals In An Additively Manufactured Ti6al4v, Sabina C. Kumar

Doctoral Dissertations

A complex interaction of process variables in an evolving geometry during Additive Manufacturing (AM), can bring about spatial and temporal transients of temperature and stress within each layer in a part. Although AM shares commonalities with conventional processing techniques such as casting, welding, and thermo-mechanical process, published literature has shown that the steady-state conditions are not strictly valid during AM process. Macro-scale fluctuations of thermal gradients (dT/dx: 103 to 107 K/m) combined with local changes in thermal expansion coefficients, crystallographic strains and localized stress-strain constitutive properties in conjunction with thermal cycles, can bring about a plastic ...


Learning Crystal Field Parameters Using Convolutional Neural Networks, Noah F. Berthusen, Yuriy Sizyuk, Mathias S. Scheurer, Peter Orth 2021 Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory

Learning Crystal Field Parameters Using Convolutional Neural Networks, Noah F. Berthusen, Yuriy Sizyuk, Mathias S. Scheurer, Peter Orth

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We present a deep machine learning algorithm to extract crystal field (CF) Stevens parameters from thermodynamic data of rare-earth magnetic materials. The algorithm employs a two-dimensional convolutional neural network (CNN) that is trained on magnetization, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat data that is calculated theoretically within the single-ion approximation and further processed using a standard wavelet transformation. We apply the method to crystal fields of cubic, hexagonal and tetragonal symmetry and for both integer and half-integer total angular momentum values J of the ground state multiplet. We evaluate its performance on both theoretically generated synthetic and previously published experimental data ...


Differences In Defect Distribution Across Scan Strategies In Electron Beam Am Ti-6al-4v, Maria J. Quintana, Katie O'Donnell, Matthew J. Kenney, Peter C. Collins 2021 Iowa State University, Universidad Panamericana, and Center for Advanced Non-Ferrous Structural Alloys

Differences In Defect Distribution Across Scan Strategies In Electron Beam Am Ti-6al-4v, Maria J. Quintana, Katie O'Donnell, Matthew J. Kenney, Peter C. Collins

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

In recent years, additive manufacturing (AM) has begun to displace traditional manufacturing techniques for specific applications. Notable benefits of AM include reduced times from design to product, an improved buy-to-fly ratio, lower waste, and the ability to produce complex geometries[1,2]. An additional benefit of additive manufacturing is the variety of manufacturing processes that span across heat source (e.g., laser, electron beam, plasma), input material type (e.g., powder, wire), atmosphere, and the number of axes of control among others[2-4]. This variability in processing route means that a process can be identified and optimized for a class ...


Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair 2021 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Review: Factors Affecting Composite Laminates Against Lightning Strikes, Aaryan Manoj Nair

Publications and Research

Lightning strike protection (LSP) have recently been a newly developing field particularly with the emergence of graphene thin film integration into carbon fiber composite structures. This technology has a widespread application in airplanes, wind turbines, and other instruments which are susceptible to frequent lightning strikes. Electrical discharge of the instrument in a safe manner is vital for the safety of the passengers (in the case of flights) as well as the integrity of the aircraft structures because of their specific mechanical and structural properties, which are essential for their functioning. The purpose of the study is to fabricate graphene thin ...


Complex Magnetic Properties Associated With Competing Local And Itinerant Magnetism In Pr2co0.86si2.88, Mily Kundu, Santanu Pakhira, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal, N. Lakshminarasimhan, Maxim Avdeev, Stephen Cottrell, Devashibhai Adroja, R. Ranganathan, Chandan Mazumdar 2021 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics

Complex Magnetic Properties Associated With Competing Local And Itinerant Magnetism In Pr2co0.86si2.88, Mily Kundu, Santanu Pakhira, Renu Choudhary, Durga Paudyal, N. Lakshminarasimhan, Maxim Avdeev, Stephen Cottrell, Devashibhai Adroja, R. Ranganathan, Chandan Mazumdar

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Ternary intermetallic compound Pr2Co0.86Si2.88 has been synthesized in single phase and characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) analysis, magnetization, heat capacity, neutron diffraction and muon spin rotation/relaxation (μSR) measurements. The polycrystalline compound was synthesized in single phase by introducing necessary vacancies in Co/Si sites. Magnetic, heat capacity, and zero-field neutron diffraction studies reveal that the system undergoes magnetic transition below ∼4 K. Neutron diffraction measurement further reveals that the magnetic ordering is antiferromagnetic in nature with an weak ordered moment. The high temperature magnetic phase has been attributed to ...


Metallurgical And Thermal Processing Investigation Of Additively Manufactured Superalloys Jbk-75 And Nasa-Hr-1, Allyse Birken, Derek Noel 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Metallurgical And Thermal Processing Investigation Of Additively Manufactured Superalloys Jbk-75 And Nasa-Hr-1, Allyse Birken, Derek Noel

Materials Engineering

Aerojet Rocketdyne is investigating the use of directed energy deposition (DED), an additive manufacturing process, to reduce cost and lead time for manufacturing complex rocket engine components for their RS-25 engines. JBK-75 and NASA-HR-1, two Fe-Ni-base, age-hardenable (γ′) superalloys, are used for nozzle structural jackets and hot gas manifolds. Currently, these parts are produced using traditional forging or casting methods followed by intensive machining operations. Additionally, these alloys were designed for use in the wrought condition and require a different set of post-processing heat treatments when produced using DED due to their dendritic, segregated microstructure in the as-built condition. Homogenization ...


Strengthening Of 7175 Aluminum Alloy Through Multi-Step Aging Process, Colin E. Masterson, Ryland W. Jolliffe 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Strengthening Of 7175 Aluminum Alloy Through Multi-Step Aging Process, Colin E. Masterson, Ryland W. Jolliffe

Materials Engineering

7175 is a heat-treatable aluminum alloy commonly used in aerospace forgings. This alloy is aged with a multi-step heat treatment. This treatment must balance strength with stress corrosion cracking resistance through a degree of overaging. The team was tasked by Weber Metals to increase the strength of this treatment without sacrificing stress corrosion cracking resistance. Both two-step and retrogression and reaging treatments were tested in experiments to find a heat treatment that could increase the yield and tensile strength by 1-2 ksi while maintaining a minimum electrochemical conductivity equivalence of 38% relative to copper. Two-step aging is the more conventional ...


Effect Of Distal Core Flattening On 304 Stainless Steel Guide Wires, Khanh Phan 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Distal Core Flattening On 304 Stainless Steel Guide Wires, Khanh Phan

Materials Engineering

Abbott Vascular produces a variety of medical guide wires to accommodate a wide array of minimally invasive medical procedures. Certain types of these wires have the distal core flattened to improve specific properties such as flexibility and steerability. However, it is unknown how this affects the other mechanical properties of the wire. Abbott Vascular provided two types of wire to test the effects of distal core flattening on the mechanical performance of the wires. One group of wires was made from 304 single spring stainless steel with no flattening performed. The other group of wires was made from 304 triple ...


Fabricating Tinicu Ternary Shape Memory Alloy By Directed Energy Deposition Via Elemental Metal Powders, Yitao Chen, Xinchang Zhang, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Fabricating Tinicu Ternary Shape Memory Alloy By Directed Energy Deposition Via Elemental Metal Powders, Yitao Chen, Xinchang Zhang, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this paper, a TiNiCu shape memory alloy single-wall structure was fabricated by the directed energy deposition technique with a mixture of elemental Ti, Ni, and Cu powders following the atomic percentage of Ti50Ni45Cu5 to fully utilize the material flexibility of the additive manufacturing process to develop ternary shape memory alloys. The chemical composition, phase, and material properties at multiple locations along the build direction were studied, using scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Vickers hardness test-ing, tensile testing, and differential scanning calorimetry. The location-dependent compositions of martensitic TiNi and austenitic TiNi phases, mechanical properties, and functional properties ...


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