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A Guide To Fifty Years Of Research At Montana Tech: Part 3-Decontamination Of Ratioactively Contaminated Steel By Melt Refining/Slagging Processing, Larry G. Twidwell, Samuel A. Worcester 2024 Montana Technological University

A Guide To Fifty Years Of Research At Montana Tech: Part 3-Decontamination Of Ratioactively Contaminated Steel By Melt Refining/Slagging Processing, Larry G. Twidwell, Samuel A. Worcester

Metallurgy

This presentation includes a discussion of the research conducted at Montana Tech in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering. The discussion is focused on Decontamination of Radioactively Contaminated Steel by Melt Refining/Slagging. This presentation is based on the research of Master of Science graduate students, industrial and academic colleagues, at the Montana College of Mineral Science and Technology (which morphed to Montana Tech [1977], then to Montana Tech of The University of Montana [2000], then to Montana Technological University [2019]). The referenced work of each of the graduate students in this presentation is gratefully acknowledged. The following summary presentation …


Safety Evaluation Of Hawaii Dot Modified Type A-1 Flared Buried In Backslope Guardrail End Terminal, Sina Changizian 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Safety Evaluation Of Hawaii Dot Modified Type A-1 Flared Buried In Backslope Guardrail End Terminal, Sina Changizian

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) desired to evaluate the crashworthiness of a guardrail end terminal design in which the upstream guardrail anchorage was connected to a block partially buried in a cut slope, known as a “Buried in Backslope” or BIB design. The HDOT BIB system used an upper W-beam with 8-in. deep blockouts attached to W6x9 steel posts and a lower W-beam rubrail located 3 in. below the upper rail. The system used two horizontal flares: 7.4:1 near the upstream anchor block and a 13:1 flare through the ditch.

Critical impact points (CIPs) were identified and recommended for …


Longitudinal Solid Polarized Target For Clas12 And Study Of Spin Structure Of Nucleons, Pushpa Pandey 2024 Old Dominion University

Longitudinal Solid Polarized Target For Clas12 And Study Of Spin Structure Of Nucleons, Pushpa Pandey

Physics Theses & Dissertations

A suite of experiments measuring target-spin observables in electron-nucleon scattering (dubbed Run Group C) was conducted at Jefferson Lab’s Hall B in Newport News, VA with a new polarized nuclear target known as ‘APOLLO’ (Ammonia Polarized Longitudinally). This innovative target is engineered to seamlessly integrate with the advanced 12 GeV CEBAF (Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility) accelerator and the Hall B CLAS12 (12 GeV CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer) detector array. The ‘APOLLO’ target harnesses the power of Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) to achieve longitudinal polarization of solid ammonia, thereby creating a net polarization in both protons (NH3) and …


Quasi-Static And Impact Load Response Of Bfrp-Reinforced Concrete Beams And Post-Terrorist-Attack Sub-Assemblages, José Luis Carrasquillo 2024 Old Dominion University

Quasi-Static And Impact Load Response Of Bfrp-Reinforced Concrete Beams And Post-Terrorist-Attack Sub-Assemblages, José Luis Carrasquillo

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation presents the outcome of a theoretical and experimental study of Basalt Fiber Reinforced Polymer (BFRP) reinforced concrete beams and post-terrorist-attack subassemblages subjected to either quasi-static or impact load. Both BFRP reinforcement as well as BFRP fabric are used in this investigation. The sub-assemblage consists of an otherwise two-span beam converted to a fixed-end single-span one owing to the loss of a middle column blasted off during the terrorist attack. The simply supported beams are subjected to a midspan quasistatic or an impact load. However, each sub-assemblage is subjected to a quasi-static load up to collapse to simulate the …


Thermo-Elasto-Plastic Stability Of Biaxially Loaded Hollow Rectangular Section Steel Beam-Columns With Applied Torsion, George Adomako Kumi 2024 Old Dominion University

Thermo-Elasto-Plastic Stability Of Biaxially Loaded Hollow Rectangular Section Steel Beam-Columns With Applied Torsion, George Adomako Kumi

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Presented herein is an experimental and theoretical study of biaxially loaded hollow rectangular section steel beam-columns with applied torsion at elevated temperatures. The theoretical analysis is based on a system of simultaneous materially nonlinear differential equations of equilibrium for which an iterative semi-analytic solution approach is formulated. Although the primary goal of this research is to study the influence of elevated temperatures on the steel member with the complex loading, rigorous analysis is also conducted of the member at ambient temperature for comparison. The experimental part of the study involves conducting tests on the members at both ambient and high …


Advancements In Characterization Of Ancient Potteries From Southeast Asia: A Review Of Analytical Techniques, Chitnarong Sirisathitkul 2024 Division of Physics, School of Science, Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat 80160, Thailand

Advancements In Characterization Of Ancient Potteries From Southeast Asia: A Review Of Analytical Techniques, Chitnarong Sirisathitkul

Makara Journal of Science

Ancient potteries offer valuable information regarding technological advancements, life dynamics, cultural diversity, and trade routes in the past. Earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain from Southeast Asia have been characterized using several analytical techniques, as reviewed in this article. Fluorescent and diffracted X-rays give rise to elemental and phase compositions, respectively. Examination of molecular bonds requires vibrational spectroscopy, which is useful for the identification of organic materials in ancient potteries. With the advent of portable X-ray fluorescence and Raman spectrometry, on-site analysis of archeological ceramics is now possible. For in-depth analysis, synchrotron light sources can provide new insights into artifacts through X-ray …


Effect Of Fabrication Parameters On The Ferroelectricity Of Hafnium Zirconium Oxide Films: A Statistical Study, Guillermo A. Salcedo, Ahmad E. Islam, Elizabeth Reichley, Michael Dietz, Christine M. Schubert Kabban, Kevin D. Leedy, Tyson C. Back, Weison Wang, Andrew Green, Timothy S. Wolfe, James M. Sattler 2024 Air Force Institute of Technology

Effect Of Fabrication Parameters On The Ferroelectricity Of Hafnium Zirconium Oxide Films: A Statistical Study, Guillermo A. Salcedo, Ahmad E. Islam, Elizabeth Reichley, Michael Dietz, Christine M. Schubert Kabban, Kevin D. Leedy, Tyson C. Back, Weison Wang, Andrew Green, Timothy S. Wolfe, James M. Sattler

Faculty Publications

Ferroelectricity in hafnium zirconium oxide (Hf1−xZrxO2) and the factors that impact it have been a popular research topic since its discovery in 2011. Although the general trends are known, the interactions between fabrication parameters and their effect on the ferroelectricity of Hf1−xZrxO2 require further investigation. In this paper, we present a statistical study and a model that relates Zr concentration (x), film thickness (tf), and annealing temperature (Ta) with the remanent polarization (Pr) in tungsten (W)-capped Hf1−xZrxO2. …


Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan 2024 Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering; State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces (PCOSS); Engineering Research Center of Electrochemical Technologies of Ministry of Education; Xiamen University; Xiamen 361005, China

Micropatterning And Functionalization Of Single Layer Graphene: Tuning Its Electron Transport Properties, Miao-Miao Cui, Lian-Huan Han, Lan-Ping Zeng, Jia-Yao Guo, Wei-Ying Song, Chuan Liu, Yuan-Fei Wu, Shi-Yi Luo, Yun-Hua Liu, Dong-Ping Zhan

Journal of Electrochemistry

As a promising 2D material, graphene exhibits excellent physical properties including single-atom-scale thickness and remarkably high charge carrier mobility. However, its semi-metallic nature with a zero bandgap poses challenges for its application in high-performance field-effect transistors (FETs). In order to overcome these limitations, various approaches have been explored to modulate graphene's bandgap, including nanoscale confinement, external field induction, doping, and chemical micropatterning. Nevertheless, the stability and controllability still need to be improved. In this study, we propose a feasible method that combines electrochemical bromination and photolithography to precisely tune the electron transport properties of single layer graphene (SLG). Through this …


Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin 2024 State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian, China

Recent Advances In Solar Photo(Electro)Catalytic Nitrogen Fixation, Jun-Bo Ma, Sheng Lin, Zhiqun Lin, Lan Sun, Chang-Jian Lin

Journal of Electrochemistry

Ammonia (NH3) is an essential chemical in modern society. It is currently produced in industry by the Haber-Bosch process using H2 and N2 as reactants in the presence of iron-based catalysts at high-temperature (400–600 oC) and extremely highpressure (20–40 MPa) conditions. However, its efficiency is limited to 10% to 15%. At the same time, a large amount of energy is consumed, and CO2 emission is inevitably. The development of a sustainable, clean, and environmentally friendly energy system represents a key strategy to address energy crisis and environmental pollution, ultimately aiming to achieve carbon neutrality. …


A Comparison Of Beamforming Characteristics In Isotropic And Composite Plate Structures For Use In Structural Health Monitoring, Sarah Ketchersid 2024 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Comparison Of Beamforming Characteristics In Isotropic And Composite Plate Structures For Use In Structural Health Monitoring, Sarah Ketchersid

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Structural health monitoring in plate-like simple structures using phased array beamsteering of guided Lamb waves is useful in damage detection and evaluation efforts. Lamb waves can be effectively used for beamsteering using a linear array. The experimentation primarily focuses on beamsteering in the aluminum panel, which involves developing a simulation based on extracted data to visualize the dispersion of waves across the panel. By evaluating parameters such as slowness, velocity, and amplitude direction and variation for a specific metallic plate, the wavefront generated by a single wave source can be represented as a function of propagation angle and distance from …


Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young

Doctoral Dissertations

Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) had long been recognized as a critical building block for inorganic-organic hybrid materials with unique and desirable properties and performance. Through synthesis and characterization of polymer/POSS nanocomposites, direct insights into the significant effects of the polymer/POSS interactions on the resulting material properties are obtained. Random copolymers of a hydrogen-bond accepting monomer and a non-interacting monomer are synthesized and loaded with a model amine-functionalized hydrogen bond donating POSS molecule via solution casting, to create a material with well-controlled dynamical heterogeneity. The increase in the glass transition temperature (Tg) of these materials is found to strongly depend on …


Machine Learning Prediction Of Photoluminescence In Mos2: Challenges In Data Acquisition And A Solution Via Improved Crystal Synthesis, Ethan Swonger, John Mann, Jared Horstmann, Daniel Yang 2024 Pepperdine University

Machine Learning Prediction Of Photoluminescence In Mos2: Challenges In Data Acquisition And A Solution Via Improved Crystal Synthesis, Ethan Swonger, John Mann, Jared Horstmann, Daniel Yang

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) like molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) possess unique electronic and optical properties, making them promising materials for nanotechnology. Photoluminescence (PL) is a key indicator of MoS2 crystal quality. This study aimed to develop a machine-learning model capable of predicting the peak PL wavelength of single MoS2 crystals based on micrograph analysis. Our limited ability to consistently synthesize high-quality MoS2 crystals hampered our ability to create a large set of training data. The project focus shifted towards improving MoS2 crystal synthesis to generate improved training data. We implemented a novel approach utilizing low-pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) combined with …


La1-Xsrxcoo3 Perovskite Nanomaterial: Synthesis, Characterization, And Its Biomedical Application, Adhira Tippur, Anyet Shohag, Luke Franco, Ahmed Touhami, Swati Mohan, Mohammed Uddin 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

La1-Xsrxcoo3 Perovskite Nanomaterial: Synthesis, Characterization, And Its Biomedical Application, Adhira Tippur, Anyet Shohag, Luke Franco, Ahmed Touhami, Swati Mohan, Mohammed Uddin

Research Symposium

Early cancer detection is paramount for effective treatment and potential cures. This research explores the application of perovskite materials, specifically Sr2+-doped Lanthanum Cobaltite (La1-xSrxCoO3) nanomaterials, in cancer detection, with a focus on rats as an experimental model. The ferroelectric nature of these materials, synthesized through a combination of sol-gel and molten-salt processes, was examined at varying Sr2+ doping levels (1-20 wt%). Rigorous characterization, employing X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, confirmed the uniform morphology of nano cubes, laying the foundation for subsequent investigations. The magnetic properties of the perovskite nanoparticles were probed, suggesting their potential as a diagnostic tool for …


High Energy Approximation For Monte Carlo Event Generator, A. N. Ismailova, Yu. L. Parfenova, P. G. Sharov, D. M. Janseitov 2024 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

High Energy Approximation For Monte Carlo Event Generator, A. N. Ismailova, Yu. L. Parfenova, P. G. Sharov, D. M. Janseitov

Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

Analysis of the nuclear physics experiment often requires Monte Carlo simulation of the detector setup. Such kind of simulations often requires a quite advanced model of nuclear interaction. In this work we describe application of Monte Carlo simulation in the nuclear physic experiment, and discuss on example of elastic scattering how to apply well known High Energy Approximation (or Glauber model) to Monte Carlo simulation of the experimental setup.


Determination Of Phase Boundaries And Diffusion Coefficients Of Copper In Spinel Cucr2se4 And Delafossite Cucrse2 By Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration Technique (Gitt), A. O. Onishenko, E. A. Suslov, M. S. Postnikov, A. S. Shkvarin, A. N. Titov, A. I. Merentsov 2024 M.N. Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia

Determination Of Phase Boundaries And Diffusion Coefficients Of Copper In Spinel Cucr2se4 And Delafossite Cucrse2 By Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration Technique (Gitt), A. O. Onishenko, E. A. Suslov, M. S. Postnikov, A. S. Shkvarin, A. N. Titov, A. I. Merentsov

Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

Cux CrSe2 materials can exist in the form of delafossite with a layered structure and exhibit multiferroic properties, or in the form of spinel and exhibit ferromagnetic properties, depending on the copper concentration. The stability of both forms of Cux CrSe2 has been studied with regards to defectivity in the copper sublattice. The boundaries of the Cux CrSe2 homogeneity regions for the delafossite- like structure and for the cubic spinel CuCr2Se4 were determined by coulometric titration at room temperature. Analysis of the time dependence of cell polarization allowed us to estimate the diffusion coefficients in these materials


Concentration Polarization And Ionic Conductivity Of Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Materials K0.01cu1.94s, K0.02cu1.94s, K0.03cu1.94s, M. M. Kubenova, M. Kh. Balapanov, K. A. Kuterbekov, B. Akhmetgaliev, R. Kh. Ishembetov, R. F. Almukhametov, M. Zeleev, A. M. Kabyshev, K. Zh. Bekmyrza, R. Alina, R. E. Kondakirov, M. K. Kenzhebek 2024 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan

Concentration Polarization And Ionic Conductivity Of Nanocomposite Thermoelectric Materials K0.01cu1.94s, K0.02cu1.94s, K0.03cu1.94s, M. M. Kubenova, M. Kh. Balapanov, K. A. Kuterbekov, B. Akhmetgaliev, R. Kh. Ishembetov, R. F. Almukhametov, M. Zeleev, A. M. Kabyshev, K. Zh. Bekmyrza, R. Alina, R. E. Kondakirov, M. K. Kenzhebek

Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

The paper presents experimental results of concentration polarization and ionic conductivity of nanocom- posite thermoelectric materials K0.01Cu1.94S , K0.02Cu1.94S , K0.03Cu1.94S . According to X-ray phase analysis, the synthesized samples are monoclinic jarleite Cu1.93÷1.97S with an admixture of oxygen ox- ide Cu2S and monoclinic chalcocyte. High values of total ionic conductivity are observed, ranging from 0.86 to 1.5 Cm/cm. The lowest ionic conductivity (0.86 Cm/cm at 355 ◦ C) is observed for alloy K0.02Cu1.94S . In addition, it was found that with an increase in the concentration of potassium in the studied materials, ionic conductivity tends to decrease, activation energy …


Study Of The Effect Of Combined Reinforcement And Modification Of Epoxy Resin With Rubbers On The Impact Strength Of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Plastic, M. N. Meiirbekov, M. B. Ismailov, A. K. Kenzhegulov, L. M. Mustafa, I. B. Tashmukhanbetova 2024 Satbayev University, Almaty, Kazakhstan

Study Of The Effect Of Combined Reinforcement And Modification Of Epoxy Resin With Rubbers On The Impact Strength Of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Plastic, M. N. Meiirbekov, M. B. Ismailov, A. K. Kenzhegulov, L. M. Mustafa, I. B. Tashmukhanbetova

Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

The effect of modified epoxy resin with polyurethane, silicone, and butadiene rubber and combined reinforcement with fiberglass and Kevlar on the strength properties of carbon fiber-reinforced plastic was studied. It was found that when rubber is introduced into the composition of the epoxy resin, polyurethane, and combined reinforcement according to the carbon fiber/Kevlar scheme in a ratio of 10:10 leads to an increase in impact strength by 42% to 273 kJ/m2 and compressive strength increases by 35% to 575 MPa


Luminescence And Creation Of Electron-Hole Trapping Centers In Alkali Metal Sulfates Activated By Pb2+ Impurity, T. N. Nurakhmetov, R. K. Shamieva, Zh. M. Salikhodzha, N. I. Temirkulova, T. T. Alibay, B. M. Sadykova, B. N. Yussupbekova, A. A. Kabdulkak 2024 L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan

Luminescence And Creation Of Electron-Hole Trapping Centers In Alkali Metal Sulfates Activated By Pb2+ Impurity, T. N. Nurakhmetov, R. K. Shamieva, Zh. M. Salikhodzha, N. I. Temirkulova, T. T. Alibay, B. M. Sadykova, B. N. Yussupbekova, A. A. Kabdulkak

Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

The nature of the impurity emission and the process of creating intrinsic and impurity electron-hole trapping centers were studied by spectroscopic and thermal activation methods in Na2SO4 - Pb and K2SO4 - Pb phosphors. The combined radiative electronic state is formed from intrinsic SO3− 4 - SO− 4 and impurity Pb+ - SO− 4 electron-hole trapping centers in UV-irradiated phosphors with a photon en- ergy of 6.2 eV at 80 K. Emissions of 3.2 eV and 3.6 eV resulting from irradiation with photons with an energy of 6.2 eV are associated with intracenter transitions of 3p1 - 1s0 in Pb2+ …


On The Use Of Machine Learning And Data-Transformation Methods To Predict Hydration Kinetics And Strength Of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailings-Based Binders, Sahil Surehali, Taihao Han, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar, Narayanan Neithalath 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

On The Use Of Machine Learning And Data-Transformation Methods To Predict Hydration Kinetics And Strength Of Alkali-Activated Mine Tailings-Based Binders, Sahil Surehali, Taihao Han, Jie Huang, Aditya Kumar, Narayanan Neithalath

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The escalating production of mine tailings (MT), a byproduct of the mining industry, constitutes significant environmental and health hazards, thereby requiring a cost-effective and sustainable solution for its disposal or reuse. This study proposes the use of MT as the primary ingredient (≥70%mass) in binders for construction applications, thereby ensuring their efficient upcycling as well as drastic reduction of environmental impacts associated with the use of ordinary Portland cement (OPC). The early-age hydration kinetics and compressive strength of MT-based binders are evaluated with an emphasis on elucidating the influence of alkali activation parameters and the amount of slag or cement …


Effect Of The Filler Morphology On The Crystallization Behavior And Dielectric Properties Of The Polyvinylidene Fluoride-Based Composite, Suzana Filipović, Nina Obradović, Cole Corlett, William G. Fahrenholtz, Martin Rosenschon, Ekkehard Füglein, Radovan Dojčilović, Dragana Tošić, Jovana Petrović, Antonije Đorđević, Branislav Vlahović, Vladimir B. Pavlović 2024 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Effect Of The Filler Morphology On The Crystallization Behavior And Dielectric Properties Of The Polyvinylidene Fluoride-Based Composite, Suzana Filipović, Nina Obradović, Cole Corlett, William G. Fahrenholtz, Martin Rosenschon, Ekkehard Füglein, Radovan Dojčilović, Dragana Tošić, Jovana Petrović, Antonije Đorđević, Branislav Vlahović, Vladimir B. Pavlović

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ceramic/polymer composites can be chemically stable, mechanically strong, and flexible, which make them candidates for electric devices, such as pressure or temperature sensors, energy storage or harvesting devices, actuators, and so forth. Depending on the application, various electrical properties are of importance. Polymers usually have low dielectric permittivity, but increased dielectric permittivity can be achieved by the addition of the ceramic fillers with high dielectric constant. With the aim to enhance dielectric properties of the composite without loss of flexibility, 5 wt.% of BaTiO3-Fe2O3 powder was added into a polyvinylidene fluoride matrix. The powder was …


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