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Modification Of Lithium Lubricants, Azimova Shodiyakhon, Arslanov Sharafutdin, Aripdjanov Oybek, Azimov Dilmurod 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological institute

Modification Of Lithium Lubricants, Azimova Shodiyakhon, Arslanov Sharafutdin, Aripdjanov Oybek, Azimov Dilmurod

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim is to study the effect of the presence of free alkalis and acids on the properties of the complex lithium greases and the choice of the optimal dispersion medium, which provides the required physicochemical characteristics of the developed grease. The dispersed phase of lithium greases studied in the polyalphaolefin oils media. It was found that the use of a mixture of polyalphaolefin oil-4 and polyalphaolefin oil-40 as a percentage of 23/77 with a total content of 83.0% provides a relatively low effective viscosity of the lubricant at low temperatures and a relatively high tensile strength at ...


Composition Of Liquid Paraffins For Flotation Enrichment Of Potassium Chloride, Vaqqosov Sobir, Xolmuratov Shamsitdin, Buxarov Shuhrat, Kodirov Orifjon 2020 Jizzakh Polytechnic Institute

Composition Of Liquid Paraffins For Flotation Enrichment Of Potassium Chloride, Vaqqosov Sobir, Xolmuratov Shamsitdin, Buxarov Shuhrat, Kodirov Orifjon

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The purpose of this work is to determine the source of liquid paraffins from secondary products of the local chemical industry, compare the performance properties and use the resulting products as apolar co-reagents in silvinite flotation. The experiments were conducted with secondary used hexane and pyrocondensation. To improve the efficiency of flotation, the dependences of the order of reagent’s supply into the process and the time of action were studied. Experiments have shown that when adding tetradecane and pentadecane in an amount of 2.5 to 7.5% to hexane liquid paraffins, it is possible to reduce the tail ...


Influence Of Technological Parameters On The Chemical Composition Of Calcium Polyphosphates From Phosphorites Central Kyzylkum, Ulugberdieva Ziyada, Khujamberdiev Sherzod, Mirzakulov Kholtura, Usmanov Ilkham 2020 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Influence Of Technological Parameters On The Chemical Composition Of Calcium Polyphosphates From Phosphorites Central Kyzylkum, Ulugberdieva Ziyada, Khujamberdiev Sherzod, Mirzakulov Kholtura, Usmanov Ilkham

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research was to study the effect of temperature, the ratio of P2O5EPA:P2O5PRM and the duration of calcination on the content of various forms of P2O5 in calcium polyphosphate. The effect of calcination temperature from 150 to 300 °C, the ratio of P2O5EPA:P2O5FRM from 2,15 to 4,50 and the duration of the process from 20 to 120 minutes on the changes in various forms of P2O5 were studied. It was shown that with increasing temperature to 200-250 °C the content of the total (ortho + poly) assimilable form of Р2О5 increases and then decreases ...


Bases Of Development Of Technologies Of Synthesis Of Oxide Materials In Big Solar Furnace (Parkent), Gulamova Dilbara, Baxronov Khayot, Bobokhulov Sirojiddin, Eshonkulov Elyor 2020 Institute of Materials Science

Bases Of Development Of Technologies Of Synthesis Of Oxide Materials In Big Solar Furnace (Parkent), Gulamova Dilbara, Baxronov Khayot, Bobokhulov Sirojiddin, Eshonkulov Elyor

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The advantages of synthesis of complex oxide compounds by solar energy, the possibility of obtaining highly textured nano materials are shown. The development of heliomaterial science, aimed at the synthesis of new materials, is inextricably linked with the use of effective optical energy systems. On the example of obtaining superconducting materials of nominal composition Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca(n-1)CunOy (n = 3-20), optimization of the parameters of the optical-energy system of the Big Solar Furnace (Parkent) is shown. The ideology of developing heliotechnology for the synthesis of inorganic materials in a solar furnace is presented. The properties of a superconducting material ...


Synthesis Of Sic Resin For 3d Printing Of Sic Ceramics By Digital Light Processing, Kevin Zhao, Bai Cui 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Synthesis Of Sic Resin For 3d Printing Of Sic Ceramics By Digital Light Processing, Kevin Zhao, Bai Cui

UCARE Research Products

Silicon carbide (SiC) resin is produced through shear mixing 0.1-1 μm SiC powders with Tethon’s high load Genesis resin base. Resins of varying SiC vol.% were synthesized to test the loading limit of the resin base; 10, 20, and 30 vol.% of SiC were made with the resin base handling the higher loads quite well. Several attempts were made at printing using the Tethon Bison 1000 DLP printer with higher loads of SiC showing better results even with lower intensity UV lights and <200 seconds exposer time. Resins with lower loads showed little to no curing even with high intensity UV lights at 200 second exposer times.


Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh 2020 Old Dominion University

Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Natural materials are made from weak constituents, yet exhibit an excellent synergy of high stiffness, strength, and damage-tolerance. They consist of alternate layers of the hard and soft phases with a complex hierarchical structural organization. The ice-templating technique provides an approach to fabricate multilayered architectures for engineering applications. In this technique, an aqueous ceramic suspension is solidified unidirectionally leading to phase separation into alternating layers of ice-crystals and ceramic particles. Ice-crystals are sublimated by freeze-drying process and resultant ceramic foams are sintered to impart strength. The fabricated sintered ceramic foams contain alternate layers of oriented ceramic lamella walls and pores ...


Defect Characterization Of Additively Manufactured Parts, Sabrina D'Alesandro, Joy Gockel, Andrew Harvey 2020 Wright State

Defect Characterization Of Additively Manufactured Parts, Sabrina D'Alesandro, Joy Gockel, Andrew Harvey

Symposium of Student Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Materials

This document describes various image processing techniques to be used for defect characterization of additively manufactured parts. This will help the reader gain knowledge of materials science engineering and the nuances in analyzing data from image processing software.

Additive manufacturing is shaping the manufacturing world through simplistic household printers’ to more complex metal printers used for a variety of applications. Specifically, laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is an additive manufacturing process that deposits metal powder over the build plate and melts it with a laser in the shape of the build part. In order to make LPBF more efficient with ...


Investigation On The Morphology Of Charge-Transfer Complexes In Low Density Polyethylene, Wade Korf 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Investigation On The Morphology Of Charge-Transfer Complexes In Low Density Polyethylene, Wade Korf

Master's Theses

Fillers are used ubiquitously throughout the fields of polymer and material science to overcome many inherent limitations to polymeric materials (i.e. poor stiffness or strength) and to expand their potential applications. There is a need to develop controllable particle architectures to better understand fundamental structure-property relationships in particle reinforced polymer composites. Charge-transfer complexes (CTCs) can assemble in situ into various needle and dendritic shapes via simple fabrication processes and at low loading levels. In this study, the effect of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) and 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) CTC crystallites of various shapes and sizes on composite mechanical properties was ...


Morphology And Structure Of Pb Thin Films Grown On Si (111) By Pulsed Laser Deposition, Bektur Abdisatarov 2020 Western Kentucky University

Morphology And Structure Of Pb Thin Films Grown On Si (111) By Pulsed Laser Deposition, Bektur Abdisatarov

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is a versatile thin film deposition technique in which high powered laser beam interacts with a target material inside an ultrahigh vacuum chamber. Highly energetic particles such as electrons, atoms, protons, and ions generate a plasma plume that directed towards a substrate material where recondenses form a thin film. PLD is an effective and reliable method to create varieties of thin films such as metal, polymer, and ceramic for many technologically essential applications.

In this study, thin Pb films were grown by pulsed laser deposition on Si (111) at various laser fluences, pulse wavelengths, deposition times ...


A Novel Method For Making Titanium Dioxide For Photocatalytic Applications, Gary Wilson 2020 Montana Tech

A Novel Method For Making Titanium Dioxide For Photocatalytic Applications, Gary Wilson

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Titanium dioxide possesses near-ideal properties for large-scale application as a photocatalyst. It is cheap and abundant, nontoxic, and environmentally safe. However, it still suffers from logistical problems preventing its application in industry: namely, rapid electron-hole recombination and inability to utilize visible light. For nearly five decades researchers in this booming field have made numerous attempts to address these problems, doping and combining titanium dioxide with a wide range of materials. A novel ambient-temperature approach to synthesis and doping/modification of anatase-form titanium dioxide was attempted using both oxygen-rich and oxygen deprived synthetic routes. Reactants were exposed to various wavelengths of ...


Effect Of Frother Strength And Solids On Gas Dispersion In A Cavitation Sparger Measured By Electrical Resistance Tomography, Philip Holdsworth 2020 Montana Tech

Effect Of Frother Strength And Solids On Gas Dispersion In A Cavitation Sparger Measured By Electrical Resistance Tomography, Philip Holdsworth

Graduate Theses & Non-Theses

Gas dispersion in column flotation is critical for optimizing particle-bubble interaction and maximizing recovery. The effect of various flotation frothers on axial gas dispersion rates in a column flotation cell were measured using electrical resistance tomography (ERT). Tests included two-phase (gas-liquid) and three-phase (gas-liquid-solid) to determine the effect of mechanical parameters and the presence of solids on gas dispersion. Gas holdup can be measured using ERT and utilized in the determination of axial gas dispersion rate in the column. The ERT is constructed with two sensor planes making it possible to simultaneously capture gas holdup values at one cm and ...


Formation Of Size And Density Controlled Nanostructures By Galvanic Displacement, Minh Tran, Sougata Roy, Steven Kmiec, Alison Whale, Steve W. Martin, Sriram Sundararajan, Sonal Padalkar 2020 Iowa State University

Formation Of Size And Density Controlled Nanostructures By Galvanic Displacement, Minh Tran, Sougata Roy, Steven Kmiec, Alison Whale, Steve W. Martin, Sriram Sundararajan, Sonal Padalkar

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Gold (Au) and copper (Cu)-based nanostructures are of great interest due to their applicability in various areas including catalysis, sensing and optoelectronics. Nanostructures synthesized by the galvanic displacement method often lead to non-uniform density and poor size distribution. Here, density and size-controlled synthesis of Au and Cu-based nanostructures was made possible by galvanic displacement with limited exposure to hydrofluoric (HF) acid and the use of surfactants like L-cysteine (L-Cys) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). An approach involving cyclic exposure to HF acid regulated the nanostructure density. Further, the use of surfactants generated monodisperse nanoparticles in the initial stages of the ...


Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Surface Driven Flows : Liquid Bridges, Drops And Marangoni Propulsion, Samrat Sur

Doctoral Dissertations

Molecules sitting at a free liquid surface against vacuum or gas have weaker binding than molecules in the bulk. The missing (negative) binding energy can therefore be viewed as a positive energy added to the surface itself. Since a larger area of the surface contains larger surface energy, external forces must perform positive work against internal surface forces to increase the total area of the surface. Mathematically, the internal surface forces are represented by surface tension, defined as the normal force per unit of length. One common manifestation of surface tension is the difference in pressure it causes across a ...


Investigation Of Ultem 9085 For Use In Printed Orbital Structures, William R. Gallagher 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Investigation Of Ultem 9085 For Use In Printed Orbital Structures, William R. Gallagher

Theses and Dissertations

Additive manufacturing is revolutionizing industries ranging from medicine to space. However, the structural characteristics of plastic parts created by these methods are not as well understood as their more established counterparts. This research explored two relevant areas: how the structural characteristics of ULTEM 9085 plastic behaved after exposure to orbital conditions and the design of the cross-sectional area of a beam to be 3-D printed in microgravity based on the expected loads from the printer. To study orbital effects, ULTEM 9085 was printed into 1/4th scale ASTM D638- 14 dogbones using a Stratasys 450mc printer. These dogbones were placed ...


Dynamic Micromechanical Fabry-Perot Cavity Sensors Fabricated By Multiphoton Absorption Onto Optical Fiber Tips, Jeremiah C. Williams 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Dynamic Micromechanical Fabry-Perot Cavity Sensors Fabricated By Multiphoton Absorption Onto Optical Fiber Tips, Jeremiah C. Williams

Theses and Dissertations

This research leveraged two-photon polymerization microfabrication to integrate dynamic mechanical components with Fabry-Perot resonators onto the ends of low-loss optical fibers to prototype 3 micro-optic devices. The first device featured a multi-positional mirror that enabled thin-film deposition onto cavities of any length with mirrors of significant curvature, for refractive index sensing. The second device combined an FP cavity with a spring body featuring easily scalable stiffness for pressure sensing. The third device presented a high-speed rotating micro-anemometer for measuring a wide range of gas flows. All devices represent a significant reduction in size and weight over commercially available devices.


Wideband Metasurface Antenna, Thomas A. Lepley 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Wideband Metasurface Antenna, Thomas A. Lepley

Theses and Dissertations

This effort explored design of metasurface antennas and evaluated their suitability for ultra-wideband applications (2 to 18 GHz). Six unit cell types were characterized. Eigenmode simulations produced frequency vs. phase data for the unit cells, from which impedance vs. gap size data was computed. A holographic design equation was used to generate the metasurface antenna designs. The unit cell simulations revealed that the assumption of single mode operation is a constraint for wideband designs. An 8" by 8" metasurface antenna with a Rogers 3010 dielectric and a design frequency of 10 GHz was fabricated and tested. It had a 1 ...


Alternate Materials For High-Speed Projectile Casing, Andrew W. Beard 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Alternate Materials For High-Speed Projectile Casing, Andrew W. Beard

Theses and Dissertations

A high-speed projectile impact is a highly complex dynamic problem that can be simplified with the use of finite element analysis solvers. Abaqus/Explicit was used to evaluate the impact of various projectiles using a plane strain setup. Using a baseline stainless steel projectile, the proposed sandwich construction design was analyzed and compared to the baseline projectile. The overall goal was to see if a new composite casing could perform similarly to the simple baseline projectile. The sandwich construction used stainless steel, tungsten, and silicon-carbide reinforce aluminum as outer and inner shell materials. The core material was created using additive ...


Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. McNamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi 2020 Iowa State University

Enhancing The Conductivity Of Cell-Laden Alginate Microfibers With Aqueous Graphene For Neural Applications, Marilyn C. Mcnamara, Amir Ehsan Niaraki-Asli, Jingshuai Guo, Jasmin Okuzono, Reza Montazami, Nicole N. Hashemi

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Microfluidically manufacturing graphene-alginate microfibers create possibilities for encapsulating rat neural cells within conductive 3D tissue scaffolding to enable the creation of real-time 3D sensing arrays with high physiological relavancy. Cells are encapsulated using the biopolymer alginate, which is combined with graphene to create a cell-containing hydrogel with increased electrical conductivity. Resulting novel alginate-graphene microfibers showed a 2.5-fold increase over pure alginate microfibers, but did not show significant differences in size and porosity. Cells encapsulated within the microfibers survive for up to 8 days, and maintain ~20% live cells over that duration. The biocompatible aqueous graphene suspension used in this ...


Cyclic Regeneration Of Nanostructured Composites For Catalytic Applications, Fatih Dogan 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Cyclic Regeneration Of Nanostructured Composites For Catalytic Applications, Fatih Dogan

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A cermet catalyst material, defining a matrix having interconnected open pores, the matrix selected from the group consisting of YSZ and CGO and defining a substrate, a ceramic coating having a general formula AyBnOx at least partially coating the pores, and a plurality of metal particles A at least partially embedded in the ceramic coating. A is selected from the group consisting of Co, Cu, Ce, Ni, Ti, and combinations thereof and B is selected from the group consisting of Mo, W, Ce, and combinations thereof. When the coating is in a first oxidizing atmosphere ...


Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliot Gall, multiple additional authors 2020 The Ohio State University

Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliot Gall, Multiple Additional Authors

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Carpet and rugs currently represent about half of the United States flooring market and offer many benefits as a flooring type. How carpets influence our exposure to both microorganisms and chemicals in indoor environments has important health implications but is not well understood. The goal of this manuscript is to consolidate what is known about how carpet impacts indoor chemistry and microbiology, as well as to identify the important research gaps that remain. After describing the current use of carpet indoors, questions focus on five specific areas: 1) indoor chemistry, 2) indoor microbiology, 3) resuspension and exposure, 4) current practices ...


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