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Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles

Dissertations

Processing carbon fiber composite laminates creates molecular-level strains in the thermoset matrix upon curing and cooling which can lead to failures such as geometry deformations, micro-cracking, and other issues. It is known strain creation is attributed to the significant volume and physical state changes undergone by the polymer matrix throughout the curing process, though storage and relaxation of cure-induced strains remain poorly understood. This dissertation establishes two approaches to address the issue. The first establishes testing methods to simultaneously measure key volumetric properties of a carbon fiber composite laminate and its polymer matrix. The second approach considers the rigidity of ...


Dual Mechanism For Toughening And Sustained Aminoglycoside Elution From A Polyphosphate Hydrogel, Dwight D. Lane, Russell J. Stewart PhD 2017 University of Utah

Dual Mechanism For Toughening And Sustained Aminoglycoside Elution From A Polyphosphate Hydrogel, Dwight D. Lane, Russell J. Stewart Phd

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Liquid Contamination On Hermeticity And Seal Strength Of Flexible Pouches With Lldpe, Francesca Delle Cese, Koushik Saha, S. Roy, Jay Singh 2017 California Polytechnic State University

Effect Of Liquid Contamination On Hermeticity And Seal Strength Of Flexible Pouches With Lldpe, Francesca Delle Cese, Koushik Saha, S. Roy, Jay Singh

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Flexible packaging is a growing successful market and the majority of flexible package applications are for the food industry. The demand for process optimization and reduced production costs, has led to an increase in flexible packaging. However, fast production lines can result in contamination in the seal area. For flexible food packaging, contamination is considered any food particle or substance trapped in the seal area. Current quality control processes can detect contamination in the seal area, but it is not determined if seal contamination affects seal quality. Oil-based and sodium based snack foods are two common categories that can be ...


Strategies For Controlling Bulk Heterojunction Morphology, Zach Daniel Seibers 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Strategies For Controlling Bulk Heterojunction Morphology, Zach Daniel Seibers

Doctoral Dissertations

Organic photovoltaic devices have been extensively studied as a means to produce sustainable energy. However, the performance of organic-photovoltaic (OPV) devices is dependent upon a number of factors including the morphology of the active layer, device architecture, and processing conditions. Recent research has indicated that fullerenes in the bulk heterojunction are entropically driven to the silicon and air interfaces upon crystallization of P3HT, which occurs during thermal annealing. The first chapter of this research focuses on investigating the structure and function of end-tethered poly(3-hexylthiophene) chains to a transparent electrode as an anode buer layer. Neutron reactivity reveals that these ...


Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath

Doctoral Dissertations

There is continuing effort to enhance the strength and modulus of carbon fibers by various combinations of materials and processing. Carbon fibers are produced from various precursors, and the strength of the CFs are directly related to the type of precursor used to make them. Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have received a great deal of attention due to their unique structure and properties. Major focus of this research is on the evaluation of processing, structure and properties of CNT based yarns and composite fibers.

High strength and low cost carbon fibers (CFs) are needed for today’s applicatio ns. A low ...


A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox 2016 University of Maine

A Multi-Channel 3d-Printed Bioreactor For Evaluation Of Growth And Production In The Microalga Dunaliella Sp, Cristian A. Cox

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

We explored the capabilities of additive manufacturing using a photo-cured jetted material 3D printer to manufacture a milli-microfluidic device with direct application in microalgae Dunaliella sp growth and intracellular compounds biosynthesis tests. A continuous microbioreactor for microalgae culture was CAD designed and successfully built in 1 hour and 49 minutes using black photopolymer cured by UV and a support material. The microreactor was made up of 2 parts including the bioreactor itself and a microchannel network for culture media fluids and microalgae. Both parts were assembled to form a single unit. Additional optical and auxiliar components were added. An external ...


Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett

Master's Theses

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are a class of polymer fit for a wide variety of applications due to their customizability. In the synthesis of these types of materials, an elastically-performing polymer, deemed the “soft block,” is combined with a stiffer “hard block” polymer, each of which can be selected based on their own specific properties in order to achieve desired material behavior in the final copolymer. Recently, the use of polyisobutylene as a soft block in combination with a polyamide hard block has been investigated for use in TPE synthesis. While the material showed some promising behavior, many properties were still ...


Nanostructured Morphologies In Glassy Polymer Networks, Brian Greenhoe 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Nanostructured Morphologies In Glassy Polymer Networks, Brian Greenhoe

Dissertations

The body of this work describes a novel approach for the dispersion of multi-walled carbon nanotubes in a high Tg epoxy prepolymer matrix using a twin screw high-shear continuous reactor. The method demonstrated improves on previous dispersion methods in several ways. It offers increased efficiency through excellent heat transfer, while being solvent-less, scale-able, and tailorable to drive dispersion states to judiciously chosen dispersion states. Furthermore, it was shown that dispersion state and agglomerate morphology can be directed, in several ways, through processing conditions and also by controlling the matrix viscosity profile through cure. Broadband dielectric spectroscopy, optical hot-stage microscopy ...


Lignin Maximization: Analyzing The Impact Of Different Feedstocks And Feedstock Ratios Using Organosolv Fractionation, Marc Banholzer 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lignin Maximization: Analyzing The Impact Of Different Feedstocks And Feedstock Ratios Using Organosolv Fractionation, Marc Banholzer

Masters Theses

Over-exploitation of fossil fuels coupled with increasing pressure to reduce carbon emissions are prompting a transition from conventional petrochemical feedstocks to sustainable and renewable sourced carbon. The use of lignocellulosic biomass as a feedstock for integrated biorefining is of current high interest, as separation into its component parts affords process streams of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, each of which can serve as a starting point for the production of biobased chemicals and fuels. Given the large number of potential sources of lignocellulosic feedstocks, the biorefinery will need to adapt to the supplies available over a normal growing season. Of particular ...


Molecular Tetrapods For Optoelectronic Applications, Jianzhong Yang 2016 University of New Mexico

Molecular Tetrapods For Optoelectronic Applications, Jianzhong Yang

Chemistry ETDs

In this dissertation, several molecular tetrapods were synthesized for optoelectronic applications. In the first two sections, two tetrapodal breakwater-like small molecules: SO and SFBTD were synthesized and characterized. Absorption, X-ray scattering and differential scanning calorimetry experiments indicate crystalline nature of these compounds but slow crystallization kinetics. Solar cells employing SO or SFBTD and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were fabricated and evaluated. Relatively low performance was obtained mainly due to the lack of appropriate phase separation, which was caused by molecularly mixed blends with PCBM. The molecularly mixed blends is the result of slow crystallization feature of SO ...


Study On Mechanical Properties Of Silicone Rubber Materials Used As Gaskets In Pem Fuel Cell Environment, Guo Li 2016 Nanjing Institute of Technology

Study On Mechanical Properties Of Silicone Rubber Materials Used As Gaskets In Pem Fuel Cell Environment, Guo Li

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Optimal Process Conditions And Mechanical Properties On Nanocomposites According To Structural Changes Of Halloysite Nanotubes, Yun-Hae Kim, Soo-Jeong Park, Antonio Norio Nakagaito 2016 Korea Maritime and Ocean University

Analysis Of Optimal Process Conditions And Mechanical Properties On Nanocomposites According To Structural Changes Of Halloysite Nanotubes, Yun-Hae Kim, Soo-Jeong Park, Antonio Norio Nakagaito

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Fabrication Of Large Mechanically Flexible Multi-Layered Pdms Optical Devices, Robert S. Green 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Fabrication Of Large Mechanically Flexible Multi-Layered Pdms Optical Devices, Robert S. Green

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mechanically flexible large area polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) optical devices are fabricated using soft-lithography techniques based on replica moulding. These non-rigid optical devices can be designed as sheets to act as either light concentrators (collectors) or diusers (illuminators) based on the position and geometry of micro-optical structures (MOSs) embedded within the sheet or imprinted on its surface. The active surface area of the device can range from less than a sq. cm to several sq. m. The performance of the large area optical device is a function of the location and geometry of micro-optical structures, thickness and shape of the flexible waveguide ...


A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

No abstract provided.


Silk As A Biomaterial Paste For Biomimetic Composite, Sang Hyun Park 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Silk As A Biomaterial Paste For Biomimetic Composite, Sang Hyun Park

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Silk is a highly promising biomaterial with unique bio-physicochemical properties, such as excellent mechanical and optical properties, biocompatibility and programmable biodegradability. Among many different types, silk from domesticated silkworm, bombyx mori has received wide attention owing to its availability in virtually unlimited quantities and ease of extraction. In this study, we investigated silkworm silk as a protein glue to realize nacre-like composites. We have employed spin assisted layer-by-layer technique to fabricate ultrathin free-standing biocomposite films. Two different composites have been studied: (i) graphene oxide (GO)/silk and (ii) chitin/silk. From our prior work, it is known that the adsorption ...


Characterization Of Superabsorbent Polymers In Aluminum Solutions, Nicholas D. Macke, Matthew J. Krafcik, Kendra A. Erk 2016 Purdue University

Characterization Of Superabsorbent Polymers In Aluminum Solutions, Nicholas D. Macke, Matthew J. Krafcik, Kendra A. Erk

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Over the past few decades, super absorbent polymers (SAPs) have been the topic of research projects all around the world due to their incredible ability to absorb water. They have applications in everything from disposable diapers to high performance concrete. In concrete, aqueous cations permeate the polymer network, reducing swelling and altering properties. One of these ions, aluminum, alters SAP properties by creating a stiff outer shell and greatly reducing absorbency, but these effects have not been well characterized. One method of characterizing the effects of aluminum on SAP hydrogels was performing gravimetric swelling tests to determine equilibrium water capacity ...


Study Of Oxidative-Crosslink Reaction In Polyphenyl Sulfide (Pps) / Carbon Fiber And Its Influence In Additive Manufacturing, Dong Hee Kim, Eduardo Barocio, Bastian Brenken, Anthony Favaloro, Byron Pipes 2016 Purdue University

Study Of Oxidative-Crosslink Reaction In Polyphenyl Sulfide (Pps) / Carbon Fiber And Its Influence In Additive Manufacturing, Dong Hee Kim, Eduardo Barocio, Bastian Brenken, Anthony Favaloro, Byron Pipes

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Ever since its development in 1980s, Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) has been an attractive additive manufacturing technology due to its flexibility to create intricate shapes at lower costs and faster manufacturing process than subtractive techniques. These advantages make FFF suitable for printing molds for use in traditional composites manufacturing processes. Combining FFF with high-temperature thermoplastic composites enables producing molds that not only sustain autoclave conditions but also have low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). A semi-crystalline polymer, Poly-phenylene Sulfide (PPS), with 50% by weight of carbon fiber is used as feedstock material for FFF. Nonetheless, PPS is sensitive to undergo ...


Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly 2016 Purdue University

Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Shrinkage leading to cracking and mechanical instability is a major problem for concrete due to the loss of water during the curing process. However, through the addition of Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) hydrogels, shrinkage can be prevented, increasing the strength of concrete. Characterization of suspension polymerized polyacrylamide (PAM) poly(sodium acrylate-polyacrylamide) (PANa-PAM) copolymer microsphere sizes, morphology and swelling behavior was conducted before adding them to concrete. Size was determined using microscopy paired with ImageJ analysis. Coulter Counter size characterization was also used to determine the particle size distribution. Swelling behavior was determined using the tea bag method as well as size ...


Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, silver nanoparticles incorporated into polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were deposited on silicone hydrogel to improve the hydrophilicity of the silicone hydrogel and prevent the growth of bacteria. Two different processes were employed to produce Ag nanoparticles: (1) Process-A is a photochemical reduction; (2) Process-B is laser ablation in liquid. Following that, MAPLE process was employed to deposit the Ag-PVP nanocomposites on the surface of silicone hydrogel. A solid-state pulsed laser (Nd:YAG) with a wavelength of 532 nm at a fluence of 50.4 mJ/cm2 was used in the MAPLE system to deposit Ag-PVP nanocomposite coating. Our ...


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