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A Comprehensive Investigation Of The Influence Of Geometric Structure On The Shape Memory Performance Of Nafion, Jade Thomas 2024 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Comprehensive Investigation Of The Influence Of Geometric Structure On The Shape Memory Performance Of Nafion, Jade Thomas

Physics Undergraduate Honors Theses

While perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) membranes have primarily been used in fuel cells due to their chemical, thermal, and mechanical stability, one PFSA, Nafion, boasts two unique characteristics: a broad glass transition (~55 °C to 130 °C) and a temperature-persistent electrostatic network. The combination of these two characteristics endows Nafion with exceptional shape memory properties – the ability of a material to morph and transform into pre-programmed shapes when exposed to an external stimulus – with enhanced permanent shape memorization, and a potentially near-infinite number of temporary shape memorization. This study focused on expanding the base of knowledge surrounding Nafion’s shape …


A Comprehensive Investigation Of The Influence Of Geometric Structure On The Shape Memory Performance Of Nafion, Jade Thomas 2024 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Comprehensive Investigation Of The Influence Of Geometric Structure On The Shape Memory Performance Of Nafion, Jade Thomas

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

While perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) membranes have primarily been used in fuel cells due to their chemical, thermal, and mechanical stability, one PFSA, Nafion, boasts two unique characteristics: a broad glass transition (~55 °C to 130 °C) and a temperature-persistent electrostatic network. The combination of these two characteristics endows Nafion with exceptional shape memory properties – the ability of a material to morph and transform into pre-programmed shapes when exposed to an external stimulus – with enhanced permanent shape memorization, and a potentially near-infinite number of temporary shape memorization. This study focused on expanding the base of knowledge surrounding Nafion’s shape …


Numerical Calculation Of The Flame Spreading Over A Methane Hydrate Surface, Otabek Nigmatov, Oksana Ismailova 2024 Uzbekistan-Japan Innovation Center of Youth

Numerical Calculation Of The Flame Spreading Over A Methane Hydrate Surface, Otabek Nigmatov, Oksana Ismailova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The Methane Hydrate is expected as an energy source and is being as a medium distance transport means of natural gas alternative of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas). During the natural gas transportation, fire accidents are concerned. In the present study, the flame spreading over a methane hydrate surface has been studied numerically as a function of hydrate surface temperature, Ts. When Ts = 173 K (-100℃), lower than the dissociation temperature (Td = 183 K (-90℃)), the flame spreading speed is around 6.5 mm/s, while the flame spreading speed at Ts = 193 K (-80℃), …


Dft Study Of Quantum Chemical Parameters Of 4-Amino-2-Mercaptobenzimidazole And Their Tautomeric Forms, Dilnoza RAHMONOVA, Alisher ESHIMBETOV, Lobar GAPUROVA, Zuhra Ch. KADIROVA, Shakhnoza KADIROVA 2024 National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Dft Study Of Quantum Chemical Parameters Of 4-Amino-2-Mercaptobenzimidazole And Their Tautomeric Forms, Dilnoza Rahmonova, Alisher Eshimbetov, Lobar Gapurova, Zuhra Ch. Kadirova, Shakhnoza Kadirova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Coordination competing donor centers, electronic and geometric structures of the 4-amino-2-mercaptobenzimidazole ligand molecule were studied using quantum chemical calculation by the DFT / 6-31G method (d, p). It was shown that during the formation of the metal complex, the ligand is coordinated through the localized nitrogen atom of the imidazole ring. In this study, the total energies (Etot) of 4-amino-2-mercaptobenzimidazole (1) and its tautomeric forms (2 and 3) were calculated. And also, the energies of boundary molecular orbitals, the energy gap between boundary MOs (ΔE) and the distribution of the total charge on atoms and boundary orbitals were determined. In …


The Effect Of Hydrogen Peroxide And Potassium Amylxanthate On The Surface Properties Of Chalcocite And Enargite, Berdakh T. DANIYAROV, Hajime MIKI, Daminbek A. ZIYATOV, Shahlo DAMINOVA 2024 Uzbek-Japan Innovation Youth Centrer, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

The Effect Of Hydrogen Peroxide And Potassium Amylxanthate On The Surface Properties Of Chalcocite And Enargite, Berdakh T. Daniyarov, Hajime Miki, Daminbek A. Ziyatov, Shahlo Daminova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The effect on the surface properties and floatability of chalcocite and enargite after oxidative treatment with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in the presence and absence of potassium amylxanthate (PAX) as a collector was studied. In this research, flotation tests were carried out on mixed and individual minerals. Oxidative treatment with hydrogen peroxide had a negative effect on the floatability of chalcocite and enargite. PAX adsorption analysis shows that enargite adsorbs PAX faster than chalcocite. Moreover, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis shows that PAX was adsorbed in the form of copper amylxanthate on chalcocite and enargite surfaces. In …


Influence Of The Amount Of Monoethanolamine On The Physicochemical Properties Of Aminolysis Products, Soxibjon A. EGAMBERDIYEV, Muzaffar G. ALIMUKHAMEDOV, Juraev Asror, Ravshan ADILOV 2024 Tashkent Institute of Chemical Technology, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Influence Of The Amount Of Monoethanolamine On The Physicochemical Properties Of Aminolysis Products, Soxibjon A. Egamberdiyev, Muzaffar G. Alimukhamedov, Juraev Asror, Ravshan Adilov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process of aminolysis of secondary polyethylene terephthalate with monoethanolamine at low ratio. The effect of the amount of monoethanolamine on the physical and chemical properties of the aminolysis product of secondary polyethylene terephthalate was studied. With an increase of 1-4 moles of monoethanolamine obtained for synthesis (without the presence of a catalyst), it was observed that the number of amines in the aminolysis product increased from 324 to 503 mgKON/g, and the number of hydroxyls increased from 298 to 491 mgKON/g. The structure of the resulting bis(2-hydroxyethylene)terephthalamide was studied using IR …


Surface Treatments' Effects On The Capacitor's Dielectric Performance Under Electro-Thermal Stresses, Haider. M. Umran, Feipeng Wang 2024 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq

Surface Treatments' Effects On The Capacitor's Dielectric Performance Under Electro-Thermal Stresses, Haider. M. Umran, Feipeng Wang

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Biaxial-oriented polypropylene (BOPP) films are characterized by unfavorable aging behavior because of their poor susceptibility to high temperatures, humidity, and high electric fields. This makes them unqualified to withstand harsh operating conditions, such as in capacitor applications. This study investigates the impact of annealing BOPP samples at 100 °C for five hours after fluorination at different times (15, 30, and 60 minutes) on their electrical and mechanical performance under electro-thermal stresses. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images confirm that there is an increase in surface roughness and the formation of a dense layer of fluorine-containing groups monotonically with fluorination time. So, …


Low Impedance, Durable, Self-Adhesive Hydrogel Epidermal Electrodes For Electrophysiology Recording, Naiyan Wu 2024 Washington University in St. Louis

Low Impedance, Durable, Self-Adhesive Hydrogel Epidermal Electrodes For Electrophysiology Recording, Naiyan Wu

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Traditional electrodes used for electrophysiology recording, characterized by their hard, dry, and inanimate nature, are fundamentally mismatched with the soft, moist, and bioactive characteristics of biological tissues, leading to suboptimal skin-electrode interfaces. Hydrogel materials, mirroring the high water content and biocompatibility of biological tissues, emerge as promising candidates for epidermal electronic materials due to their adjustable physicochemical properties. However, challenges such as inadequate electrical conductivity, elevated skin impedance, unreliable adhesion in moist conditions, and performance decline from dehydration have significantly restricted the efficacy and applicability of hydrogel-based electrodes. In this thesis, we report a high-performance hydrogel epidermal electrode patch for …


Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Effects Of Polymer-Nanoparticle Interactions On The Dynamics Of Attractive Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Nanocomposites, Walter W. Young

Doctoral Dissertations

Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) had long been recognized as a critical building block for inorganic-organic hybrid materials with unique and desirable properties and performance. Through synthesis and characterization of polymer/POSS nanocomposites, direct insights into the significant effects of the polymer/POSS interactions on the resulting material properties are obtained. Random copolymers of a hydrogen-bond accepting monomer and a non-interacting monomer are synthesized and loaded with a model amine-functionalized hydrogen bond donating POSS molecule via solution casting, to create a material with well-controlled dynamical heterogeneity. The increase in the glass transition temperature (Tg) of these materials is found to strongly depend on …


Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan 2024 American University in Cairo

Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Sustainable packaging has become an essential part of business decisions and corporate directions. With the rise of environmental damages due to improper waste management and unsustainable practices, businesses have a major responsibility to analyze their products’ life cycles and redesign them with sustainability in mind. Applying sustainable packaging could save companies large amounts of resources, therefore cutting costs, while also achieving the legal and social duty as a corporation towards society and the environment. Many developing countries, with specific focus on Egypt, have recently focused on legislative and corporate decisions in order to encourage more sustainable practices. Egypt’s new Waste …


Rational Design Of Peptide-Based Materials Informed By Multiscale Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Dhwanit Rahul Dave 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Rational Design Of Peptide-Based Materials Informed By Multiscale Molecular Dynamics Simulations, Dhwanit Rahul Dave

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The challenge of establishing a sustainable and circular economy for materials in medicine and technology necessitates bioinspired design. Nature's intricate machinery, forged through evolution, relies on a finite set of biomolecular building blocks with through-bond and through-space interactions. Repurposing these molecular building blocks requires a seamless integration of computational modeling, design, and experimental validation. The tools and concepts developed in this thesis pioneer new directions in peptide-materials design, grounded in fundamental principles of physical chemistry. We present a synergistic approach that integrates experimental designs and computational methods, specifically molecular dynamics simulations, to gain in-depth molecular insights crucial for advancing the …


Limits Of Economy And Fidelity For Programmable Assembly Of Size-Controlled Triply-Periodic Polyhedra, Carlos M. Duque, Douglas M. Hal, Botond Tyukodi, Michael F. Hagan, Christian D. Santangelo, Gregory M. Grason 2024 Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics

Limits Of Economy And Fidelity For Programmable Assembly Of Size-Controlled Triply-Periodic Polyhedra, Carlos M. Duque, Douglas M. Hal, Botond Tyukodi, Michael F. Hagan, Christian D. Santangelo, Gregory M. Grason

Data and Datasets

We propose and investigate an extension of the Caspar-Klug symmetry principles for viral capsid assembly to the programmable assembly of size-controlled triply-periodic polyhedra, discrete variants of the Primitive, Diamond, and Gyroid cubic minimal surfaces. Inspired by a recent class of programmable DNA origami colloids, we demonstrate that the economy of design in these crystalline assemblies -- in terms of the growth of the number of distinct particle species required with the increased size-scale (e.g. periodicity) -- is comparable to viral shells. We further test the role of geometric specificity in these assemblies via dynamical assembly simulations, which show that conditions …


A Novel Magnetorheological Pump Concept For Insulin Delivery, Mohammad Towhidul Islam Rimon 2024 Georgia Southern University

A Novel Magnetorheological Pump Concept For Insulin Delivery, Mohammad Towhidul Islam Rimon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Over the past 25 years, awareness of type 1 diabetes has significantly increased, leading to a comprehensive understanding of various aspects, including its genetics, epidemiology, and disease burden. According to the Type 1 Diabetic Index, about 8.7 million people around the world live with this long-term autoimmune disease characterized by insulin deficiency and resultant hyperglycemia. However, the increased availability and utilization of artificial pancreas systems could potentially save 673,000 lives by 2040. Although, the advancement of diabetes technology offers Type 1 diabetic patients more tools to enhance glycemic management and achieve effective outcomes, many patients are still hesitant to adopt …


Graphene Reinforced Polymer Composite For Small-Scale Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Rotors, Kunal A. Bachim 2024 University of Texas at Arlington

Graphene Reinforced Polymer Composite For Small-Scale Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Rotors, Kunal A. Bachim

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Theses

Polymers have evolved as an indispensable asset in various sectors ranging from packaging and construction to energy and aerospace. However, the accumulation of polymer waste poses a necessity to shift toward sustainable waste management processes. Mechanical recycling is a primary method in establishing a circular economy approach for polymers. However, a fundamental challenge arises in this process: a decrease in the mechanical performance of the recycled product compared to that of its pristine counterpart.

This project addresses the challenge of enhancing the recyclability of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) from discarded polymer material by incorporating graphene nanoparticles into the polymer matrix during …


Modeling Of Asphalt Concrete For Cross-Anisotropic Visco-Elasticity And Heterogeneity, Zafrul Hakim Khan 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Modeling Of Asphalt Concrete For Cross-Anisotropic Visco-Elasticity And Heterogeneity, Zafrul Hakim Khan

Civil Engineering ETDs

Asphalt Concrete (AC) is a cross-anisotropic viscoelastic material. This study has developed a methodology to backcalculate the cross-anisotropic properties of the AC layer from the Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) sensor and pavement response data from embedded sensors inside a pavement section. This study has also developed a two-way coupled Multiscale Finite Element Model (MsFEM) with Phase Field Fracture (PFF) to study the microstructural heterogeneity and damage of the AC layer based on the actual field loadings. A Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) and Machine learning-based backcalculation algorithm were developed to determine the layer thickness and dielectric constant from air-coupled Ground …


Design, Fabrication And Characterization Of Zero Power Sensor/Harvester For Smart Grid Applications, Zeynel Guler 2023 University of New Mexico

Design, Fabrication And Characterization Of Zero Power Sensor/Harvester For Smart Grid Applications, Zeynel Guler

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

This study presents a flexible sensor/harvester device to be used in both electromagnetic sensing and energy harvesting applications for smart grids. When a current passes through a wire, the sensor detects the magnetic field created by that current. The sensor magnet interacts with the wire magnetic field resulting in a transfer of energy through the piezoelectric cantilever. Piezoelectric, conductive, magnetic, and magnetostrictive composite thin films were prepared to fabricate this device.

Initially, the magnet of the cantilever was optimized considering its shape, thickness, length, taper angle etc. via both simulations and experiments. Peak to peak voltage versus cantilever position graph …


Thermally Rearranging Polyimide Networks For High-Temperature Applications, William Guzman 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

Thermally Rearranging Polyimide Networks For High-Temperature Applications, William Guzman

Dissertations

High-performance polymers can retain functional properties when exposed to long-term or short-term durations of harsh conditions, such as mechanical action, at elevated temperatures (>177 °C). A mixture of intramolecular and intermolecular forces of and between polymer chains provide excellent property retention at elevated temperatures. Specifically, the highly aromatic nature of high-performance polymer backbones provides outstanding thermal stability, which is typically attributed to π-π stacking. However, the interrelationship between thermal stability and high aromaticity creates a challenging structure-processing relationship paradigm, which causes poor polymer processability in most high-performance polymers. Herein, it was demonstrated that rationally designing a crosslinking phenylethynyl imide …


A Comprehensive Review On Metal Oxide-Nanocellulose Composites In Sustainable Active And Intelligent Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit Jaiswal, Swarma Jaiswal, Dileswar Pradhan 2023 Technological University Dublin

A Comprehensive Review On Metal Oxide-Nanocellulose Composites In Sustainable Active And Intelligent Food Packaging, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit Jaiswal, Swarma Jaiswal, Dileswar Pradhan

Articles

The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the potential advantages and drawbacks of nanocellulose and metal oxide-based composites in food packaging. These materials offer improved mechanical and barrier properties, as well as antioxidant and antimicrobial benefits that extend the shelf life of food products. Nanocomposite structures protect food from various physiological factors and immobilize enzymes, while metal oxide nanoparticles provide antibacterial effects against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. However, there are concerns regarding the safety of nanoparticles and their potential migration into packaged food during processing and storage. This article explores these issues and highlights the need …


Cfrp Delamination Density Propagation Analysis By Magnetostriction Theory, Brandon Eugene Williams 2023 Clemson University

Cfrp Delamination Density Propagation Analysis By Magnetostriction Theory, Brandon Eugene Williams

All Dissertations

While Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRPs) have exceptional mechanical properties concerning their overall weight, their failure profile in demanding high-stress environments raises reliability concerns in structural applications. Two crucial limiting factors in CFRP reliability are low-strain material degradation and low fracture toughness. Due to CFRP’s low strain degradation characteristics, a wide variety of interlaminar damage can be sustained without any appreciable change to the physical structure itself. This damage suffered by the energy transfer from high- stress levels appears in the form of microporosity, crazes, microcracks, and delamination in the matrix material before any severe laminate damage is observed. This …


Characterization Of Interlayer Laser Shock Peening During Fused Filament Fabrication Of Polylactic Acid (Pla), Fabien Denise 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Characterization Of Interlayer Laser Shock Peening During Fused Filament Fabrication Of Polylactic Acid (Pla), Fabien Denise

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The field of additive manufacturing (AM) has gained a significant amount of popularity due to the increasing need for more sustainable manufacturing techniques and the adaptive development of complex product geometries. The problem is that AM parts routinely exhibit flaws or weaknesses that affect functionality or performance. Over the years, surface treatments have been developed to compensate certain flaws or weaknesses in manufactured products. Combining surface treatments with the modularity of additive manufacturing could lead to more adaptable and creative improvements of product functions in the future. The current work evaluates the feasibility of pursuing a new research axis in …


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