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A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Faculty Publication Series

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Comparison Of The Elastic Properties Of Graphene- And Fullerene-Reinforced Polymer Composites: The Role Of Filler Morphology And Size, Chang-Tsan Lu, Asanka Weerasinghe, Dimitrios Maroudas, Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

Ashwin Ramasubramaniam

No abstract provided.


Silk As A Biomaterial Paste For Biomimetic Composite, Sang Hyun Park 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Silk As A Biomaterial Paste For Biomimetic Composite, Sang Hyun Park

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Silk is a highly promising biomaterial with unique bio-physicochemical properties, such as excellent mechanical and optical properties, biocompatibility and programmable biodegradability. Among many different types, silk from domesticated silkworm, bombyx mori has received wide attention owing to its availability in virtually unlimited quantities and ease of extraction. In this study, we investigated silkworm silk as a protein glue to realize nacre-like composites. We have employed spin assisted layer-by-layer technique to fabricate ultrathin free-standing biocomposite films. Two different composites have been studied: (i) graphene oxide (GO)/silk and (ii) chitin/silk. From our prior work, it is known that the adsorption ...


Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly 2016 Purdue University

Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Shrinkage leading to cracking and mechanical instability is a major problem for concrete due to the loss of water during the curing process. However, through the addition of Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) hydrogels, shrinkage can be prevented, increasing the strength of concrete. Characterization of suspension polymerized polyacrylamide (PAM) poly(sodium acrylate-polyacrylamide) (PANa-PAM) copolymer microsphere sizes, morphology and swelling behavior was conducted before adding them to concrete. Size was determined using microscopy paired with ImageJ analysis. Coulter Counter size characterization was also used to determine the particle size distribution. Swelling behavior was determined using the tea bag method as well as size ...


Characterization Of Superabsorbent Polymers In Aluminum Solutions, Nicholas D. Macke, Matthew J. Krafcik, Kendra A. Erk 2016 Purdue University

Characterization Of Superabsorbent Polymers In Aluminum Solutions, Nicholas D. Macke, Matthew J. Krafcik, Kendra A. Erk

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Over the past few decades, super absorbent polymers (SAPs) have been the topic of research projects all around the world due to their incredible ability to absorb water. They have applications in everything from disposable diapers to high performance concrete. In concrete, aqueous cations permeate the polymer network, reducing swelling and altering properties. One of these ions, aluminum, alters SAP properties by creating a stiff outer shell and greatly reducing absorbency, but these effects have not been well characterized. One method of characterizing the effects of aluminum on SAP hydrogels was performing gravimetric swelling tests to determine equilibrium water capacity ...


Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Studies On Nanocomposite Coating Produced By Laser-Assisted Process To Prevent Silicone Hydrogels From Bio-Fouling, Vishnuvardhana Wuppaladhodi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, silver nanoparticles incorporated into polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were deposited on silicone hydrogel to improve the hydrophilicity of the silicone hydrogel and prevent the growth of bacteria. Two different processes were employed to produce Ag nanoparticles: (1) Process-A is a photochemical reduction; (2) Process-B is laser ablation in liquid. Following that, MAPLE process was employed to deposit the Ag-PVP nanocomposites on the surface of silicone hydrogel. A solid-state pulsed laser (Nd:YAG) with a wavelength of 532 nm at a fluence of 50.4 mJ/cm2 was used in the MAPLE system to deposit Ag-PVP nanocomposite coating. Our ...


Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto 2016 Singh Center

Directed Self-Assembly Of Block Copolymer, No1, Hiromichi Yamamoto

Protocols and Reports

The PS-rich and neutral PS-b-PMMA block copolymer (BCP) films were spin coated on the neutral random copolymer hydroxyl-terminated PS-r-PMMA layers grafted on the native oxide and 50 nm thick PECVD amorphous silicon oxide layers. Relationship between the grafting density of BCP and surface density of hydroxyl moiety on silicon oxide is discussed. Furthermore, optimization of annealing BCP films is reported, and wetted and de-wetted BCP films are shown in optical microscope images. In addition, finger print and nanopore structures of BCP films are also indicated in SEM images.


Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Correlation Of Polymer Performance And Hansen Solubility Parameters, Daniel Jobse Mania

Master's Theses

Ready-to-use (RTU) grout is becoming more important to the finish and remodeling construction industry. Market research shows it is a fast-growing product that not only is creating its own space, but is beginning to supplant existing technology.

The original intent of this research was to investigate formulation parameters and how they affect grout performance. It was learned that particle size and oil absorption (OA) value are important filler properties that affect performance as much as adequate packing density and optimal pigment volume concentration (PVC) without going beyond critical PVC (CPVC).

Polymer architecture was also determined to be extremely important, but ...


Interaction Between Charge-Transfer States Studied By Magnetic Field Effects, Mingxing Li 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Interaction Between Charge-Transfer States Studied By Magnetic Field Effects, Mingxing Li

Doctoral Dissertations

Organic semiconducting materials, consisting mostly of carbon and hydrogen atoms, provide remarkable promise for electronic applications due to their easy processing, chemical tenability, low costs and environmental-friendly characteristics. For realizing electronic applications such as light emitting diodes and photovoltaic cells, charge-transfer states act as an important intermediate state for recombination and dissociation. Interestingly, magnetic field effects on semiconducting materials have been realized based on the suppression of spin mixing in the charge-transfer states. Although lots of studies have been carried out on investigating the properties of charge-transfer states, little has been done to consider the interaction between them. This thesis ...


Exploring Thermoelectric Effect Based On Multi-Layer Conductor/Organic/Conductor Devices, Qing Liu 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Exploring Thermoelectric Effect Based On Multi-Layer Conductor/Organic/Conductor Devices, Qing Liu

Doctoral Dissertations

Thermoelectric phenomena involve the simultaneous presence of both electrical and thermal currents. The entropy has been heavily used as the driving force to diffuse charge carriers between high and low temperature surfaces towards the development of Seebeck effects in thermoelectric devices. However, this driving force from entropy difference can cause an inverse relationship between Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity in the thermoelectric developments. Increasing the charge density can decrease the entropy difference to diffuse the charge carriers at a given temperature difference and lead to a decrease on the Seebeck coefficient developed by the entropy difference. Therefore, it is necessary ...


Removal Of Mercury(Ii) From Aqueous Solutions By Adsorption On Poly(1-Amino-5-Chloroanthraquinone) Nanofibrils: Equilibrium, Kinetics, And Mechanism Studies, Shaojun Huang, Chengzhang Ma 2016 Kunming University of Science and Technology

Removal Of Mercury(Ii) From Aqueous Solutions By Adsorption On Poly(1-Amino-5-Chloroanthraquinone) Nanofibrils: Equilibrium, Kinetics, And Mechanism Studies, Shaojun Huang, Chengzhang Ma

Kevin Lee


Poly(1-amino-5-chloroanthraquinone)(PACA)nanofibrilswereappliedasnovelnanoadsorbentsforhighlytoxicmercuryremovalfromaqueoussolutions.Aseriesofbatchadsorptionexperimentswereconductedtostudytheeffectofadsorbentdose,pH,contacttime,andmetalconcentrationonHg(II)uptakebyPACAnanofibrils.KineticdataindicatedthattheadsorptionprocessofPACAnanofibrilsforHg(II)achievedequilibriumwithin2hfollowingapseudo-second-orderrateequation.TheadsorptionmechanismofPACAnanofibrilsforHg(II)wasinvestigatedbyFouriertransform-infrared(FT-IR)spectraandX-rayphotoelectronspectroscopy(XPS)analyses.TheadsorptionisothermofHg(II)fittedwelltheLangmuirmodel,exhibitingsuperbadsorptioncapacityof3.846mmolofmetalpergramofadsorbent.Lastly,wefoundoutthattheas-synthesizedPACAnanofibrilsareeficientinHg(II)removalfromrealwastewater.Furthermore,fiveconsecutiveadsorption-desorptioncyclesdemonstratedthatthePACAnanofibrilsweresuitableforrepeatedusewithoutconsiderablechangesintheadsorptioncapacity.


Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, HsunPao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim 2016 Rochester Institute of Technology

Film Performance Of Poly(Lactic Acid) Blends For Packaging Applications, Carlos A. Diaz, Hsunpao Y. Pao, Sungyoung Kim

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), a biodegradable thermoplastic derived from renewable resources, stands out as a substitute to petroleum-based plastics. PLA based films for food packaging has been an area of both commercial and research interest within the context of sustainability. In spite of its high strength, packaging applications have been limited because PLA is more brittle than traditional oil-based plastics. Because of this, films display low tear and impact resistance and produce a loud crackling sound when manipulated. Although many studies address the toughening of PLA in the bulk, little attention has been placed on the film performance. The present ...


Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk 2016 Lappeenranta University of Technology, Group of Packaging Technology

Occurrence Of Reverse Side Effects In Corona Treatment Of Dispersion-Coated Paperboard And Its Influence On Grease Barrier Properties, Sami-Seppo Ovaska, Ringaudas Rinkunas, Tadeusz Lozovksi, Robertas Maldzius, Jonas Sidaravicius, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Monika Österberg, Kaj Backfolk

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

The uncoated side of dispersion-barrier-coated paperboards was exposed to positive and negative direct current corona treatments in order to confirm the occurrence of backside treatment and clarify its effects on the usability of the paperboard. The main component of the coating dispersions was hydroxypropylated potato starch and the effects of talc and styrene-butadiene latex additions on backside treatment were evaluated. Coatings with a high talc proportion showed excellent initial grease resistance, but corona-induced strikethroughs caused a drastic decrease in grease penetration time. The root-mean-square roughness measurements revealed moderate surface roughening at the backside, indicating thus backside treatment. The alterations in ...


Zno Fillers Doped Polymer Composites With Dependent Nonlinear Conductive And Dielectric Characteristics In Electrical fields, Lei Gao, Xiao Yang 2016 Tsinghua University

Zno Fillers Doped Polymer Composites With Dependent Nonlinear Conductive And Dielectric Characteristics In Electrical fields, Lei Gao, Xiao Yang

Kevin Lee

ZnOmicrovaristor/rubbercompositeswithnonlinearconductiveanddielectricpropertieswerefabri-catedandinvestigatedforthersttime.Thecompositesexhibitnonlinearconductivebehaviorsonly whenthellerconcentrationisabovepercolationthreshold(39vol%),butshownonlineardielectric propertieswithvariousllerconcentration(viz.3060vol%).Boththenonlinearconductiveanddi-electricpropertiescanbetunedbyadjustingthellerconcentration.Percolationthresholdtheorywas utilizedtoexplainthenonlinearelectricalproperties,andaninternalbarrierlayer capacitor(IBLC)model wasproposedtosuccessfullyexplainthenovelnonlineardielectricproperties,whichdemonstratesthat theholeinjectionmightbethekeytothedramaticincreaseofthepermittivity.


Wide Bandgap Organo‐Lead Trihalide Perovskites For Solar Cells, Miao Hu 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wide Bandgap Organo‐Lead Trihalide Perovskites For Solar Cells, Miao Hu

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Methylammonium lead trihalide perovskite (MAPbX3, where MA is methylammonium, and X is a halide)-based solar cells have been extensively investigated recently, with a demonstrated and certified solar power conversion efficiency (PCE) exceeding 20%. To further boost the PCE beyond the Schockley–Queisser limit, tandem structured solar cells have been investigated based on integrating MAPbX3 and the lower bandgap solar cells. Although the best reported efficiency for this type of tandem cells is not close to the theoretically achievable value, mixed-halide perovskite MAPbBrxI3–x is still one of the most promising candidates as the wide-bandgap light absorber for the tandem ...


Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan 2016 University of Dayton

Carbon Nanoadditives To Enhance Latent Energy Storage Of Phase Change Materials, Shadab Shaikh, Khalid Lafdi, Kevin P. Hallinan

Kevin Hallinan

Latent energy storage capacity was analyzed for a system consisting of carbon nanoparticlesdopedphase changematerials (PCMs). Three types of samples were prepared by doping shell wax with single wall carbon nanotubes(SWCNTs), multiwall CNTs, and carbon nanofibers. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to measure the latent heat of fusion. The measured values of latent heat for all the samples showed a good enhancement over the latent heat of pure wax. A maximum enhancement of approximately 13% was observed for the wax/SWCNT composite corresponding to 1% loading of SWCNT. The change in latent heat was modeled by using an approximation for ...


Technical Developments In Fish Exclusion, Guidance, And Collection Materials, A. L. Peters 2016 Pacific Netting Products

Technical Developments In Fish Exclusion, Guidance, And Collection Materials, A. L. Peters

6ᵗʰ International Symposium on Hydraulic Structures

Construction of mills, dams and other structures in rivers and streams, and the withdrawal of water for irrigation or cooling industrial facilities vital to social and economic progress, have impacted the survival of marine life. Barriers and guidance or collection nets can protect fish and aquatic species while allowing water to flow unimpeded for commercial and industrial use. However, nets can attract aquatic growth, fill with debris, degrade with environmental stress, and be expensive to operate and maintain.

A closer look at the technical developments of materials and net designs in diverse settings can offer guidance that will be of ...


Solution Casting And Mechanical Testing Of Arabinan-Cellulose Nanocomposites, Kevin Su, Alina Lusebrink 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Solution Casting And Mechanical Testing Of Arabinan-Cellulose Nanocomposites, Kevin Su, Alina Lusebrink

Materials Engineering

The purpose of this work was to investigate methods to produce consistent, reliable, and testable thin films of arabinan-cellulose nanocomposites. Mechanical properties and composition of the Opuntia ficus-indica cactus spines served as motivation for this research. The high specific strength and stiffness, biodegradability, and sustainability of these spines inspired the creation of composites fabricated from the same materials found in cactus spines: arabinan and nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC). Arabinan serves as the matrix material and NCC as the reinforcement. To explore the feasibility of using a non-toxic solvent, different solution casting techniques with water as a solvent were investigated. Ultrasonication was ...


Effect Of Metal Organic Framework Concentration On The Crystallization Of Pla-Al-Mof Composites, Eric Futak, Jeffrey Norton, Jessie O'Connell, Nestor Vazquez 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effect Of Metal Organic Framework Concentration On The Crystallization Of Pla-Al-Mof Composites, Eric Futak, Jeffrey Norton, Jessie O'Connell, Nestor Vazquez

Materials Engineering

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA), a well-known biopolymer, is lacking in barrier properties and toughness. The research goal of this project is to look at the crystallinity of PLA when combined with metal organic framework (MOF). It is speculated that MOF has an effect on PLA chain mobility, and therefore crystallinity. In this study, aluminum MOF was added to PLA in varying concentrations (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 wt%) to observe the crystallinity of the composite. The resulting PLA-Al-MOF composite films were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and ...


Manufacturing And Characterization Of Poly (Lactic Acid)/Carbon Black Conductive Composites For Fdm Feedstock: An Exploratory Study, Dylan Fitz-Gerald, Justin Boothe 2016 California Polytechnic State University

Manufacturing And Characterization Of Poly (Lactic Acid)/Carbon Black Conductive Composites For Fdm Feedstock: An Exploratory Study, Dylan Fitz-Gerald, Justin Boothe

Materials Engineering

This exploratory study developed methods of manufacturing and characterizing the electrical properties of small batches of conductive composite feedstock for the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) manufacturing process, commonly known as 3D printing. We utilized a solution casting process of Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) (Grade 4043D, NatureWorks, LLC.) and Carbon Black (CB) (Vulcan® XC72, Cabot Corp.) in chloroform. The resulting composite precursor was cryogenically treated with liquid nitrogen and milled in a coffee grinder in order to achieve particles that could be fed into the extruder. Composite precursors were dried in a vacuum oven at an elevated temperature of 38°C ...


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