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Freespan Analysis For Subsea Pipeline Integrity Management Strategy, Nurul Hadi, Muhammad Helmi, Edo Cathaputra, Dedi Priadi, Donanta Dhaneswara 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Freespan Analysis For Subsea Pipeline Integrity Management Strategy, Nurul Hadi, Muhammad Helmi, Edo Cathaputra, Dedi Priadi, Donanta Dhaneswara

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Abstract. Over a rough seabed or on seabed subject to scour, freespans can occur when contact between a subsea pipeline and the seabed is lost over an acceptable distance. When this exceeds the allowable freespan length, design stresses can be exceeded, and a vortex induced vibration (VIV) response can be initiated, resulting in the risk of fatigue failure. If this is not predicted and controlled properly, it will affect pipeline integrity, leading to expensive rectification and intervention work. Freespan analysis consisted primarily of a screening check in which the as-found freespans from Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) or multibeam Side …


Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif 2023 University of Kentucky

Application Of Multi-Scale Computational Techniques To Complex Materials Systems, Mujan N. Seif

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

The applications of computational materials science are ever-increasing, connecting fields far beyond traditional subfields in materials science. This dissertation demonstrates the broad scope of multi-scale computational techniques by investigating multiple unrelated complex material systems, namely scandate thermionic cathodes and the metallic foam component of micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) shielding. Sc-containing "scandate" cathodes have been widely reported to exhibit superior properties compared to previous thermionic cathodes; however, knowledge of their precise operating mechanism remains elusive. Here, quantum mechanical calculations were utilized to map the phase space of stable, highly-faceted and chemically-complex W nanoparticles, accounting for both finite temperature and chemical …


Structural Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (Rbui) As A Cost Reduction Of Field’S End Of Production Life, Ivan Fitrian Putra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Yuki Haidir, Faisal Dwiyana Purnawarman, Iwan Sukirna, Widi Hernowo 2022 University of Indonesia

Structural Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (Rbui) As A Cost Reduction Of Field’S End Of Production Life, Ivan Fitrian Putra, Johny Wahyuadi Soedarsono, Mirza Mahendra, Yuki Haidir, Faisal Dwiyana Purnawarman, Iwan Sukirna, Widi Hernowo

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Mubadala Petroleum operates offshore platforms in a southern Makassar Straits that needs to be periodically inspected. The cost for the inspection is massive due to the high cost of mobilization and demobilization of vessels including crew and equipment. In response of a new approach to reduce cost, a Risk-Based Underwater Inspection (RBUI) methodology is developed. This RBUI purpose is to reduce the inspection interval of the offshore platform, from every 2 years to a longer period[1]. There are existing RBUI methodologies, which are already developed and implemented in other companies[5]. Purpose of this paper is to …


The Comparison Of Pipe Thickness Selection Method Using Full Flange Rating And Non-Full Flange Rating Of Cryogenic Services In An Lng Plant Construction, Ari Agustar, Isdaryanto Iskandar, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra 2022 Atma Jaya Catholic University

The Comparison Of Pipe Thickness Selection Method Using Full Flange Rating And Non-Full Flange Rating Of Cryogenic Services In An Lng Plant Construction, Ari Agustar, Isdaryanto Iskandar, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra

Journal of Materials Exploration and Findings (JMEF)

Significant growth of gas demand as a source of power generation for domestic use and industries, mainly in the developed countries, has forced the effort to secure the gas supplies located thousands of miles away across the sea as an economical way of gas transportation instead of transporting by pipeline. LNG technology was created as the solution. Natural gas is refrigerated below its boiling point (-160oC to -162oC), known as cryogenic temperature or cryogenic service. Material of Construction (MOC) selection report showed that 304/304L and 316/316L Stainless Steel pipe could withstand and be suitable for this …


A Study On Early Age Properties Of Concrete For Precast And 3d Printing, Debalina Ghosh 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Study On Early Age Properties Of Concrete For Precast And 3d Printing, Debalina Ghosh

Doctoral Dissertations

Concrete is the second-most consumed material, leading the global Portland cement production of 4.1 billion tons in 2020 and 5-8% of global Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission annually. As with any other material and practice, the construction industry is also ever-changing to meet market demand, evolving technology, and resource limitation. In the case of concrete construction, one of the main concerns is the lack of automation. In the last few decades, some new construction methods have risen to address this concern. Some of these economic and successful practices are precast construction, self-compacting concrete (SCC), and 3D printing of concrete(3DPC). …


Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel 2022 Future University in Egypt

Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel

Future Engineering Journal

Multi-Rotor Wind Turbine (MRWT) has been proven advantageous over Single-Rotor Wind Turbine (SRWT) in many aspects. In order to study the performance of MRWT over SRWT, this work presents a low-cost and low-weight design for a test rig for laboratory-scale wind turbine configurations. The configurations under study are a single-rotor, and a twin-rotor of the same size with a diameter of 30 cm. Aerodynamic loads have been calculated using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) method, then the loads were used for stress analysis over the test rig proposed. The test rig is designed on Solidworks and the aerodynamic and inertial …


Experimental Evidence That Shear Bands In Metallic Glasses Nucleate Like Cracks, Alan A. Long, Wendelin Wright, Xiaojun Gu, Anna Thackray, Mayisha Nakib, Jonathan T. Uhl, Karin A. Dahmen 2022 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Experimental Evidence That Shear Bands In Metallic Glasses Nucleate Like Cracks, Alan A. Long, Wendelin Wright, Xiaojun Gu, Anna Thackray, Mayisha Nakib, Jonathan T. Uhl, Karin A. Dahmen

Faculty Journal Articles

Highly time-resolved mechanical measurements, modeling, and simulations show that large shear bands in bulk metallic glasses nucleate in a manner similar to cracks. When small slips reach a nucleation size, the dynamics changes and the shear band rapidly grows to span the entire sample. Smaller nucleation sizes imply lower ductility. Ductility can be increased by increasing the nucleation size relative to the maximum (“cutoff”) shear band size at the upper edge of the power law scaling range of their size distribution. This can be achieved in three ways: (1) by increasing the nucleation size beyond this cutoff size of the …


Bio-Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications For Chicken Fillets, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarma Jaiswal, Shubham Sharma 2022 Technological University Dublin

Bio-Based Food Packaging Material For Intelligent Food Packaging Applications For Chicken Fillets, Kalpani Y. Perera, Amit K. Jaiswal, Swarma Jaiswal, Shubham Sharma

Articles

Bionanocomposite packaging is made up of bio- based materials that have high performance activity and are ecologically sustainable alternatives to packaging made of synthetic polymers. Intelligent packaging retains track of the state of the food and the environment in which it is stored, and communicates relevant changes to the consumer through visualization or other methods. The aim of this study was to develop a bionanocomposite intelligent packaging material by utilising sodium alginate, gelatin, nanoclay and curcumin. Sodium alginate, gelatin film incorporated with Curcumin (Cur), and Nanoclay (NC) in various concentrations (0% W/V, 0.5% W/V, 1% W/V and 1. 5% W/V) …


Influence Of Defects On In-Plane Dynamic Properties Of Hexagonal Ligament Chiral Structures, Ning An, Xunwen Su, Dongmei Zhu, Mileta M. Tomovic 2022 Old Dominion University

Influence Of Defects On In-Plane Dynamic Properties Of Hexagonal Ligament Chiral Structures, Ning An, Xunwen Su, Dongmei Zhu, Mileta M. Tomovic

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

Although the six-ligament chiral structure has many unique properties, due to its special structure, the stress concentration is prone to defects. In addition, additive manufacturing is also prone to defects. This paper studies the effect of defects, which is helpful for the better application of the six-ligament chiral structure. Several new six-ligament chiral structures with random and concentrated defects were designed to explore the effects of the defects on the in-plane dynamic properties. The structures were studied with the finite element ANSYS/LSDYNA numerical simulation and experimental methods. According to the defect-free six-ligament chiral structures exhibiting different deformation modes at different …


Fundamental Understanding Of The Transient Melt Pool Dynamics, Solidification Kinetics And Build Texture In Spot-Melt Additive Manufacturing Of Ti-6al-4v, Rakesh Rajaram Kamath 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Fundamental Understanding Of The Transient Melt Pool Dynamics, Solidification Kinetics And Build Texture In Spot-Melt Additive Manufacturing Of Ti-6al-4v, Rakesh Rajaram Kamath

Doctoral Dissertations

The overarching goal of this dissertation is to better understand the underlying process-structure relationships in play during the implementation of a spot melt strategy for metal additive manufacturing, which has become a popular alternative to the conventional raster melt strategy for site-specific microstructure control. In the first part of this dissertation, the effect of a spot melt strategy on the solidification texture, variant selection, phase fraction, and their variations along the build height of an E-PBF Ti-6Al-4V is investigated in comparison to a conventional linear melt strategy using high-energy synchrotron x-ray diffraction. In spite of the thermal excursions involved, the …


Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Of Embodied Carbon And Operational Energy Of Different Building Systems, Marilia Hellmeister 2022 University of Maine

Comparative Life Cycle Assessment Of Embodied Carbon And Operational Energy Of Different Building Systems, Marilia Hellmeister

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Due to human activity, the levels of carbon emissions found in the atmosphere have reached its highest concentration and therefore it is necessary to find solutions to reduce, mitigate and adapt to a more sustainable pattern of development. The substitution of fossil fuel-dependent materials with renewable materials which exhibit lower embodied carbon is an option to be considered in the design phase of a building. Engineered wood product innovations over the past twenty years, coupled with design innovation and building code modifications have demonstrated their viability in multi-story construction (18 stories). The goals of this project are to 1) estimate …


Crack Control And Bond Performance Of Alternative Coated Reinforcements In Concrete, Sachin Sreedhara 2022 Clemson University

Crack Control And Bond Performance Of Alternative Coated Reinforcements In Concrete, Sachin Sreedhara

All Dissertations

Concrete cracking in structures is a ubiquitous problem which can lead to the deterioration of the structure. Other than affecting the strength aspect of a structure, cracking impacts the serviceability criteria as well. Although cracking phenomenon in any structure is highly inevitable, it has to be minimized in order to maintain a structure’s life effectively. Cracking in reinforced concrete structures is related to the bond strength developed between the bar and the concrete. It also depends on an ability of the bar to resist the stresses due to shrinkage to minimize the crack. Another important aspect is the resistance offered …


Initial Exploration Of Reduced Gyrations For Arkansas Asphalt Mix Designs, Jocie L. Baker 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Initial Exploration Of Reduced Gyrations For Arkansas Asphalt Mix Designs, Jocie L. Baker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The most common distresses in asphalt pavement are cracking and rutting. These distresses plague almost every asphalt roadway in the world. Finding ways to mitigate these distresses will improve the performance of asphalt pavements. One way to combat the premature cracking of asphalt in the field is to ensure there is enough asphalt binder within the mix. This will help the flexibility of the asphalt undergoing large loads and deformation. However, it is widely accepted that mix designs across the country lack the appropriate amount of asphalt binder in their mixes, causing dry mix designs that are subject to cracking …


Xps And Ipe Determination Of Band Offsets Of Germanium Based Materials, Justin Michael Rudie 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Xps And Ipe Determination Of Band Offsets Of Germanium Based Materials, Justin Michael Rudie

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Germanium tin and silicon germanium tin are group IV semiconductor alloys that have gained significant interest in recent years for their potential use in optoelectrical devices. While silicon and germanium are indirect bandgap materials on their own, alloying them with tin in sufficient quantities leads to a transition to direct bandgap alloys. Direct gap performance opens the door for efficient light emitting and detecting devices fabricated entirely on group IV materials that are compatible with the industry standard CMOS manufacturing techniques. Germanium tin and silicon germanium tin have bandgaps that respond to light in the mid to near infrared spectrum …


Bbt Acoustic Alternative Top Bracing Cadd Data Set-Norev-2022jun28, Bill Hemphill 2022 East Tennessee State University

Bbt Acoustic Alternative Top Bracing Cadd Data Set-Norev-2022jun28, Bill Hemphill

STEM Guitar Project’s BBT Acoustic Kit

This electronic document file set consists of an overview presentation (PDF-formatted) file and companion video (MP4) and CADD files (DWG & DXF) for laser cutting the ETSU-developed alternate top bracing designs and marking templates for the STEM Guitar Project’s BBT (OM-sized) standard acoustic guitar kit. The three (3) alternative BBT top bracing designs in this release are
(a) a one-piece base for the standard kit's (Martin-style) bracing,
(b) 277 Ladder-style bracing, and
(c) an X-braced fan-style bracing similar to traditional European or so-called 'classical' acoustic guitars.

The CADD data set for each of the three (3) top bracing designs includes …


Mechanical Properties Of Engineering Cement-Based Materials Containing Modified Shape Memory Alloy Fiber, Song mengfan 2022 Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Preparation and Measurement of Building Materials, Engineering Center of Advanced Building Materials of Ministry of Education, University of Jinan

Mechanical Properties Of Engineering Cement-Based Materials Containing Modified Shape Memory Alloy Fiber, Song Mengfan

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

在这项研究中,提出了一种 SMA 纤维的表面改性方法,以改善水泥基复合材料中纤维的界面性能。SMA 纤维涂有 SiO 2,预计会与 Ca(OH) 2反应由水泥水化形成,减少了薄弱区的可能性,并在纤维-基体界面处形成了更致密的微观结构。采用扫描电子显微镜 (SEM)、能量色散光谱 (EDS) 和红外吸收光谱 (IR) 对表面改性后的 SMA 纤维进行表征。此外,还进行了抗弯强度试验、抗压强度试验和四点弯曲试验,以评价宏观尺度上界面力学性能的增强情况。实验结果表明,包覆的 SiO 2,导致改性 SMA 纤维-水泥界面处的 CSH 凝胶量增加和孔隙率降低。改性后的SMA纤维与水泥基体之间的紧密粘附有利于建立更强的界面结合力,有利于提高抗弯强度、抗压强度、四点抗弯强度和挠度。抗弯强度、抗压强度、四点抗弯强度和挠度均在28d时显着增加。结果支持了所提出的表面改性方法适用于 SMA 纤维以提高其在工程水泥基材料中的增强效率的结论。


Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Of High Strength Lc3 Pastes With Varying Limestone/Calcined Clay Ratios And Different Curing Conditions, yemin dong 2022 Wuhan University of Technology

Mechanical Properties And Microstructure Of High Strength Lc3 Pastes With Varying Limestone/Calcined Clay Ratios And Different Curing Conditions, Yemin Dong

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

研究(抗施工蒸馏)石石和石榴石在淀粉胶系统(即0标准和低水印)下的水胶系统(即0标准和低水墨)X射线比、水量值水量-电子背基相关研究.61.25 .25.25.25.0.25.25.25.25.25.0.25.25.25.25.25.1.25.7.25.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.25.1.25.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1 .25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.00.0.0.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.1.25.0.0.0.00.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.00.0 .00.0.00.X射线比值、水量-电子显微镜相关研究测量值。早期的水泥水化程度小水的压合含煤量,降低了水泥石的。因此,需要采用合适的钙铝内容和体系以提高碳系统的性能。


Study On The Effect Of Fly Ash On The Properties Of Potassium Magnesium Phosphate Cement, Bo Pang 2022 Dalian University of Technology

Study On The Effect Of Fly Ash On The Properties Of Potassium Magnesium Phosphate Cement, Bo Pang

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

In this paper, the effect of fly ash on the setting time and mechanical properties of potassium magnesium phosphate cement is studied. The early hydration process of potassium magnesium phosphate cement was studied by TAM-Air, and the hydration products were analyzed by XRD. The results show that fly ash can effectively prolong the setting time and the compressive strength of the cement paste was decreased; The addition of fly ash would not change the phase composition of the hydration products of the potassium magnesium phosphate cement, which affect the hydration process, the amount of the hydration products and the degree …


Study On Hydration Properties Of Grinded Tuff-Cement Cementitious Material System, Hao Wang 2022 Purdue University

Study On Hydration Properties Of Grinded Tuff-Cement Cementitious Material System, Hao Wang

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

The chemical composition and microscopic morphology characteristics of grinded tuff(GT) and fly ash(FA) were compared and analyzed in the paper. The chemical bound water content and hydration heat were tested for investigating the hydration properties of grinded tuff-cement cementitious material system (GTCS) and fly ash-cement cementitious material system (FACS). The results shown that, the chemical composition of GT was similar with that of FA, however the loss on ignition of the GT was obviously higher than FA. The microstructure of the GT particles was polygonal and irregular, while the microstructure of FA particles were mostly smooth spheres. The hydrated heat …


Investigation On The Properties Of Calcium Sulfoaluminate Cement Waterproof Repair Mortar Modified With Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Powder, Dong Dong 2022 Purdue University

Investigation On The Properties Of Calcium Sulfoaluminate Cement Waterproof Repair Mortar Modified With Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Powder, Dong Dong

International Conference on Durability of Concrete Structures

本文采用乙烯-醋酸乙烯酯(EVA)粉体和CSA水泥制备了防水修复砂浆,并对其水化和性能进行了研究。结果表明,EVA粉体延长了凝固时间,提高了防水修补砂浆的流动性,使其在实际工程中更容易应用。EVA粉提高了防水修复砂浆的不渗透性,降低了吸水性。虽然EVA粉降低了防水修补砂浆的抗弯强度和抗压强度,但它仍然符合JC/T 2381-2016标准对刚性修复砂浆的要求。EVA粉体降低了防水修复砂浆的收缩率,改善了界面过渡区和拉伸粘接强度、弯曲粘接强度等粘接性能。EVA粉末抑制CSA水泥的水合作用6 h,在3 d水化年龄时抑制作用消失。


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