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Models For Ut Inspection Of Bolthole Cracks In Layered Structures, Robert Grandin, Tim Gray, Ron Roberts 2017 Iowa State University

Models For Ut Inspection Of Bolthole Cracks In Layered Structures, Robert Grandin, Tim Gray, Ron Roberts

Robert Grandin

Due to the geometrical complexities of bolted, layered airframe structures, the application of Model Assisted Probability of Detection, or MAPOD, is an important tool for helping to assess the ultrasonic inspectability of those components. Of particular importance is the need to inspect for cracks on or near boltholes in those structures. This presentation describes the development and testing of analytical computer models of and their application to bolthole crack inspection. The modeling approach includes approximate, paraxial, bulk-wave models as well as more rigorous, analytical models that include both bulk and surface/plate modes. The simpler models have the flexibility and ...


Study Of Knowledge-Based System (Kbs) And Decision Making Methodologies In Materials Selection For Lightweight Aircraft Metallic Structures, Pashupati R. Adhikari, Reza Mirshams 2017 University of North Texas

Study Of Knowledge-Based System (Kbs) And Decision Making Methodologies In Materials Selection For Lightweight Aircraft Metallic Structures, Pashupati R. Adhikari, Reza Mirshams

Journal of Applied Science & Engineering Technology

This paper presents an overview of knowledge-based system (KBS) in the context of decision making methodologies used in materials selection for the design of light weight aircraft metallic structures. Overall aircraft weight reduction means substantially less fuel consumption and better efficiency. Part of the solution to this problem is to find a way to reduce overall weight of metallic structures in the aircraft. Two distinct multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) methodologies are presented with examples featuring a set of short-listed materials suitable in the design of the structures. Pre-defined constraint values, mainly mechanical properties, are employed as relevant attributes satisfying ...


Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles

Dissertations

Processing carbon fiber composite laminates creates molecular-level strains in the thermoset matrix upon curing and cooling which can lead to failures such as geometry deformations, micro-cracking, and other issues. It is known strain creation is attributed to the significant volume and physical state changes undergone by the polymer matrix throughout the curing process, though storage and relaxation of cure-induced strains remain poorly understood. This dissertation establishes two approaches to address the issue. The first establishes testing methods to simultaneously measure key volumetric properties of a carbon fiber composite laminate and its polymer matrix. The second approach considers the rigidity of ...


Deposition Velocity Dependence On Urban Morphology, Rawand Muzafar Rasheed 2017 Portland State University

Deposition Velocity Dependence On Urban Morphology, Rawand Muzafar Rasheed

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

Understanding the interactions between the atmospheric boundary layer and urban structures provides insights into emerging problems such as green building design as well as dispersion and deposition of pollutants on urban structures. Characterization of deposition velocity dependence through the naphthalene sublimation method on model urban structures is conducted herein where the analogous fundamental transport mechanisms of momentum and mass transport is obtained via mass of naphthalene transferred. Via wind tunnel experiments, results show that deposition velocity of naphthalene from urban structures increases with increased number of urban structures ahead of the point of investigation. This is attributed to the wakes ...


Analysis Of Tool Wear And Tool Life Of Cutting Tool Inserts Using Statistical Process Control Charts: A Case Study, Evan R. Ferrell 2017 Morehead State University

Analysis Of Tool Wear And Tool Life Of Cutting Tool Inserts Using Statistical Process Control Charts: A Case Study, Evan R. Ferrell

Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Business and Technology at Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science by Evan R. Ferrell on April 28, 2017.


Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fabrication And Study Of The Structure And Magnetism Of Rare-Earth Free Nanoclusters, Bhaskar Das

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

No abstract provided.


Negahban Group Report: Saw-Tooth Shear Response Of Aged Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (Pmma), Mehrdad Negahban 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Negahban Group Report: Saw-Tooth Shear Response Of Aged Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (Pmma), Mehrdad Negahban

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Results for isothermal saw-tooth shear loading experiments conducted on annealed and oven-cooled poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) at temperatures between 50oC and 140oC. The experiments were conducted 1996.


A Parametric Study On Reliability-Based Tmd Design Against Bridge Flutter, Filippo Ubertini, Gabriele Comanducci, Simon Laflamme 2017 University of Perugia

A Parametric Study On Reliability-Based Tmd Design Against Bridge Flutter, Filippo Ubertini, Gabriele Comanducci, Simon Laflamme

Simon Laflamme

We present a probabilistic methodology for designing tuned mass dampers for flutter suppression in long-span bridges. The procedure is computationally efficient and computes the probability of flutter occurrence based on a modified firstorder method of reliability analysis, a reduced-order representation of the structure and a time domain formulation of aeroelastic loads. Results of a parametric investigation show that the proposed methodology is preferable to a deterministic design procedure, which relies on nominal values of mechanical and aerodynamic parameters and does not guarantee the maximum safety. Furthermore, the reliability-based approach can be effectively used in the design of multiple tuned mass ...


Effect Of Interlayers On Mechanical Properties And Interfacial Stress Transfer Of 2d Layered Graphene-Polymer Nanocompsites, Colton C. Roach 2017 University of Kentucky

Effect Of Interlayers On Mechanical Properties And Interfacial Stress Transfer Of 2d Layered Graphene-Polymer Nanocompsites, Colton C. Roach

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Graphene, a monolayer of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms arranged in a two-dimensional (2D) lattice, is one of the most important 2D nanomaterials and has attracted tremendous attentions due to its unique geometric characteristics and exceptional mechanical properties. One of the most promising applications of this 2D nanomaterial is in polymer nanocomposites, in which the ultra-stiff, ultra-thin graphene layers function as reinforcement fillers. However, two significant questions remain to be answered: (1) whether the mechanical behaviors of 2D graphene reinforced nanocomposites can be analyzed by the convention composite theory, which is developed primarily for one-dimensional (1D) fiber-type of fillers, and ...


Pitting Corrosion Of 410 Stainless Steel In Hcl Solutions, Paul D. Krell 2017 The University of Akron

Pitting Corrosion Of 410 Stainless Steel In Hcl Solutions, Paul D. Krell

Honors Research Projects

410 stainless steel (SS) is a material used in HCl services, such as distillation column trays in oil refineries. Unlike other alloys, however, the oil refining industry lacks a good reference for the corrosion rate of 410 SS at the varying HCl concentrations and temperatures the material might experience as trays in crude unit distillation columns. The goal of this project is to fill that knowledge gap. The corrosion behavior of 410 SS in HCl environments of pH 0.50, 1.25, 2.25, 3.25, and 4.25 at temperatures of 38, 52, 79, and 93°C was investigated ...


Rubber Additives To Concrete Specimens, Kendall J. Sweitzer, Mary McCannon 2017 The University of Akron

Rubber Additives To Concrete Specimens, Kendall J. Sweitzer, Mary Mccannon

Honors Research Projects

Rubber, as an additive to concrete, would hypothetically cause a concrete specimen to take on some mechanical characteristics of the rubber to a certain degree. In particular, the concrete’s durability should increase when exposed to fluctuating temperature conditions due to the rubber additive. This experiment sets out to test crumb rubber as a concrete additive, cured under various atmospheric conditions. The effects shall be measured via a simple concrete compression test.

Unfortunately, several errors took place during experimental process that led to inconclusive results. However, it can be reasonably considered from testing Matrix One that the addition of crumb ...


The Effect Of Pore Density And Distribution On Fatigue Weak Links In An A713 Cast Aluminum Alloy, Rami A. Almatani 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effect Of Pore Density And Distribution On Fatigue Weak Links In An A713 Cast Aluminum Alloy, Rami A. Almatani

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

The effects of pore density and distribution were investigated on the fatigue crack initiation behavior in an A713 sand cast aluminum alloy plate of 12 mm thickness. The applied stress- the number of cycles to failure (S-N) curves of the samples taken from 2 mm and 5 mm from the free surface were obtained using four-point bend fatigue testing at room temperature, frequency of 20 Hz, stress ratio of 0.1, sinusoidal waveform, and in ambient air. The fatigue strengths of both, the 2 mm and 5 mm samples were 60% of the yield strength (σy=171.9 MPa) of ...


Peel Resistance Of Adhesive Joints With Elastomer–Carbon Black Composite As Surface Sensing Membranes, Wei Zeng, Weixing Sun, Nicola Bowler, Simon Laflamme 2016 Iowa State University

Peel Resistance Of Adhesive Joints With Elastomer–Carbon Black Composite As Surface Sensing Membranes, Wei Zeng, Weixing Sun, Nicola Bowler, Simon Laflamme

Simon Laflamme

The peel resistance of four adhesives (“J-B Weld” by J-B Weld (adhesive A), 3 M Scotch-Weld DP 125 Gy (adhesive B), Loctite PL Premium (3x) Construction Adhesive (adhesive C), and Henkel Hysol EA9394 (adhesive D)) is investigated for their bonding performance of a styrene‐ethylene/butylene‐styrene– carbon black (SEBS–CB) composite membrane used in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications. Tests are performed on membrane samples bonded on four common structural materials, namely aluminium, steel, concrete, and fiberglass, to obtain the peel resistance of adhesives. Results show that adhesive B has the highest strength for aluminium, steel, and fiberglass substrates ...


Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney 2016 University of Maine

Experimental Methods And Practices For The Study Of Toroidal Inflated, Braided Fabric Members, Daniel J. Whitney

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Inflatable structures have become a very important area of interest for many differing applications where lightweight packable structures are required. NASA is developing Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator (HIAD) technology that takes advantage of stacked, inflated fabric tori to form a decelerating spacecraft nose cone. The tori consist of a bladder, braided fabric shell, and reinforcing in the form of integral cords or externally bonded straps. The focus of this thesis is on the development of methods for the structural testing of inflated fabric tori and developing an enhanced understanding of their behavior. This is essential for providing insight into the ...


In Mold Flow Of Long Fibers In Compression Molding Process, Gleb Meirson 2016 The University of Western Ontario

In Mold Flow Of Long Fibers In Compression Molding Process, Gleb Meirson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) are promising new materials with high physical properties and low density. These high properties are obtained by embedding very long fibers (~100 mm) into a thermoplastic matrix. Such a high fiber length dictates the use of a compression molding process for manufacturing as the length of discontinuous fibers in injection molding is limited by pellet length.

LFT composites are of great interest for the automotive industry. These materials are already used in some interior and exterior car parts such as bumpers, seat structures, door module etc. This research is inspired by the desire to manufacture load ...


Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Gwendolyn F. Stark 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Gwendolyn F. Stark

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

The MCR 484 course is designed to provide students with the skills and knowledge to properly operate a Scanning Electron Microscope. In this collection are some of my best pictures from the course, as well as pictures that demonstrate the skills I have learned.


Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio, Matthew DaRin 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio, Matthew Darin

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

Scanning Electron Microscopy Student Image Portfolio


Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Michaela Tersmette 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Scanning Electron Microscopy Laboratory Portfolio, Michaela Tersmette

N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies

No abstract provided.


Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Structure And Properties Of Cnt Yarns And Cnt/Cnf Reinforced Pan-Based Carbon Fibers, Nitilaksha Phalaxayya Hiremath

Doctoral Dissertations

There is continuing effort to enhance the strength and modulus of carbon fibers by various combinations of materials and processing. Carbon fibers are produced from various precursors, and the strength of the CFs are directly related to the type of precursor used to make them. Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) have received a great deal of attention due to their unique structure and properties. Major focus of this research is on the evaluation of processing, structure and properties of CNT based yarns and composite fibers.

High strength and low cost carbon fibers (CFs) are needed for today’s applicatio ns. A low ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


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