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Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

Formation of Ni-ferrite, Mn-ferrite, NiZn-ferrite, Zn-ferrite and Mg-ferrite have been investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis. Jander's diffusion equation described the data from these investigations over a portion of the temperature ranges studied. However, the reaction mechanisms and sequences involved in the formation of mixed ferrites have not been well defined in the literature. The purposes of this investigation were: ( 1) To further the understanding of the formation of CdMnferrite by studying first the kinetics of the formation of Cd-ferrite and Cd-manganite, which provides a basis for understanding the details of the mixed CdMn-ferrite reaction and to obtain the optimum ...


Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Ion Irradiation-Induced Microstructural Change In Sic, Chien-Hung Chen 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Ion Irradiation-Induced Microstructural Change In Sic, Chien-Hung Chen

Doctoral Dissertations

The high temperature radiation resistance of nuclear materials has become a key issue in developing future nuclear reactors. Because of its mechanical stability under high-energy neutron irradiation and high temperature, silicon carbide (SiC) has great potential as a structural material in advanced nuclear energy systems.

A newly developed nano-engineered (NE) 3C SiC with a nano-layered stacking fault (SFs) structure has been recently considered as a prospective choice due to enhanced point defect annihilation between layer-type structures, leading to outstanding radiation durability.

The objective of this project was to advance the understanding of gas bubble formation mechanisms under irradiation conditions in ...


Ion Irradiation Characterization Studies Of Max Phase Ceramics, Daniel William Clark 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Ion Irradiation Characterization Studies Of Max Phase Ceramics, Daniel William Clark

Masters Theses

The family of layered carbides and nitrides known as MAX phase ceramics combine many attractive properties of both ceramics and metals due to their nanolaminate crystal structure and are promising potential candidates for application in future nuclear reactors. This thesis reports on the background, design, and analysis of an experiment focused on determining the effects of energetic heavy ion irradiations on polycrystalline samples of titanium silicon carbide 312, titanium aluminum carbide 312, and titanium aluminum carbide 211. The irradiation conditions consisted of ion doses between 10 and 30 displacements per atom at temperatures of 400 and 700 degrees Celsius, conditions ...


Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Fabricated Via Co-Precipitation In Air: Overview Of Size Control And Magnetic Properties, Dennis Toledo 2015 Florida International University

Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles Fabricated Via Co-Precipitation In Air: Overview Of Size Control And Magnetic Properties, Dennis Toledo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cobalt Ferrite has important, size-dependent magnetic properties. Consequently, an overview of particle size is important. Co-precipitation in air was the fabrication method used because it is comparatively simple and safe. The effects of three different reaction times including 1, 2, 3 hour(s) on particle size were compared. Also, the effectiveness of three different capping agents (Oleic Acid, Polyvinylpyrollidone (PVP), and Trisodium Citrate) in reducing aggregation and correspondingly particle size were examined. Using Welch’s analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the relevant post hoc tests, there was no significant difference (p=0.05) between reaction times of 1 hour and ...


Grain Boundary Migration Of Nio-Mgo Alloys, Xin Li Phuah, David Lowing, John Blendell 2015 Purdue University

Grain Boundary Migration Of Nio-Mgo Alloys, Xin Li Phuah, David Lowing, John Blendell

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Grain boundary engineering offers enhanced control of microstructure development during processing, leading to improved final material properties. However, using the effects of the interfacial energy anisotropy on grain boundary mobility to control microstructure development is not well understood. The NiO-MgO system is studied as it has complete solid solubility and a transition in the faceting behavior with composition due to changes in the interfacial energy anisotropy. NiO-MgO powders were produced through the amorphous citrate process and modifications to the process were made to reduce particle and agglomerate size. The powders were pressed and sintered in various conditions to produce fine ...


Ion Irradiation Induced Damage And Dynamic Recovery In Single Crystal Silicon Carbide And Strontium Titanate, Haizhou Xue 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Ion Irradiation Induced Damage And Dynamic Recovery In Single Crystal Silicon Carbide And Strontium Titanate, Haizhou Xue

Doctoral Dissertations

The objective of this thesis work is to gain better understanding of ion-solid interaction in the energy regime where electronic and nuclear energy loss are comparable. Such responses of materials to ion irradiations are of fundamental importance for micro-electronics and nuclear applications. The ion irradiation induced modification for the crystal structure, the physical and chemical properties etc. may strongly affect the performance of functional materials that needs to be better understood.

Experimentally, ion irradiation induced damage accumulation and dynamic recovery in SiC [silicon carbide] and SrTiO3 [strontium titanate] were studied in this dissertation project. Five chapters are presented: Firstly ...


Crystal Growth And Physical Property Characterization Of Complex Perovskite Oxides, Ling Li 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Crystal Growth And Physical Property Characterization Of Complex Perovskite Oxides, Ling Li

Doctoral Dissertations

Bulk EuTiO3 [europium titanate], a quantum paraelectric antiferromagnet, is shown to exhibit multiferroic behavior in strained thin film form, which highlights the spin-phonon coupling in this system. We have investigated the structural, elastic, magnetic, thermal and transport properties of single crystals of EuTiO3 as well as doped system EuTi1-xBxO3 (B = Zr, Nb) [Zr and Nb doped europium titanate] utilizing various experimental techniques and theoretical calculations.

The cubic to tetragonal structural transition in pure EuTiO3 is characterized by a pronounced step-like softening of the elastic moduli near 288 K [kelvin], which resembles that ...


Computational And Experimental Studies Of Ca12al14o33, Mayenite, Elijah Duncan Barlow 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Computational And Experimental Studies Of Ca12al14o33, Mayenite, Elijah Duncan Barlow

Masters Theses

In this study C₁₂Al₁₄O₃₃ [mayenite] is computationally modeled, synthesized, and compared to literature in order to build a knowledge base for the further study of this compound. It is hoped that this study of mayenite will lead to the development of a new transparent conductive oxide that uses earth abundant elements instead of rare earth elements. For this study polycrystalline mayenite was synthesized using traditional solid-state synthesis techniques, and growth of a single crystal was then attempted. The VASP software package was then used to simulate the compound, both physically and electronically. The results of the simulation were then compared ...


Development And Improvement Of Cerium Activated Gadolinium Gallium Aluminum Garnets Scintillators For Radiation Detectors By Codoping, Fang Meng 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development And Improvement Of Cerium Activated Gadolinium Gallium Aluminum Garnets Scintillators For Radiation Detectors By Codoping, Fang Meng

Doctoral Dissertations

Ce doped Gd3Ga3Al2O12 [gadolinium gallium aluminium oxides] is considered as a promising candidate for the next generation Positron Emission Tomography material due to its high light yield in theory. This dissertation is focused on studying the Gd3Ga3Al2O12:Ce crystals by codoping, aiming to improve the light yield and decay time experimentally and understand the underlying mechanism.

The work starts from prescreening appropriate codopants for Gd3Ga3Al2O12:Ce crystals. A cost-effective method is developed to predict the performance of the single crystals by characterizing the radioluminescence intensity and photoluminescence decay of the small polycrystalline pellets. This method is demonstrated by showing that ...


Electronic Energy Loss Of Heavy Ions And Its Effects In Ceramics, Ke Jin 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Electronic Energy Loss Of Heavy Ions And Its Effects In Ceramics, Ke Jin

Doctoral Dissertations

Energy loss of medium energy heavy ions (i.e. Cl, Br, I, and Au) in thin compound foils containing light elements (i.e. silicon carbide and silicon dioxide) is directly measured using a time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis (ToF-ERDA) technique. An improved data analysis procedure is proposed to provide the experimentally determined electronic stopping powers. This analysis procedure requires reliable predictions of nuclear stopping. Thus, the nuclear stopping predicted by the Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter (SRIM) code is validated by measuring the angular distribution of 1 MeV Au ions after penetrating a thin silicon nitride foil, using ...


Impact Of Fuel Rod Coatings On Reactor Performance And Safety, Ian Robert Stewart 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Impact Of Fuel Rod Coatings On Reactor Performance And Safety, Ian Robert Stewart

Masters Theses

This study evaluates the use of a ceramic coating on the Zr-alloy cladding within a PWR using four ceramic compounds of 5 and 10 micron thicknesses: ZrO2, TiAlN, Ti2AlC, and Ti3AlC2. The film’s impact is assessed for variation on: reactivity, fuel cycle length, maximum temperature, film’s roughness, and transient conditions. The reactivity is analyzed using the following methods: change in the multiplication factor (k) each film introduces to the system using the ABH method, and Monte Carlo software (MCNP). Both methods are in good agreement, yielding less than half a percent change from a reference, no-film fuel pin ...


Reaction Kinetics Of Rare Earth And Actinide Materials, Brian Jon Jaques 2015 Boise State University

Reaction Kinetics Of Rare Earth And Actinide Materials, Brian Jon Jaques

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents the effects of atmosphere, time, and energy input (thermal and mechanical) on the kinetics of gas-solid and solid-solid reactions in systems of dysprosium, uranium, oxygen, and nitrogen. Accordingly, Chapter Two presents a novel synthesis technique used to form DyN via a gas-solid reaction between dysprosium and nitrogen. DyN was rapidly formed through a mechanochemical process in a high energy ball mill at ambient temperatures. The progress of the reaction was quantified using in situ temperature and pressure measurements coupled with microscopy and x-ray diffraction. It was found that the rate of the nitridation reaction is controlled by ...


Characterization Of Transparent Conducting Oxide Thin Films Deposited On Ceramic Substrates, Ramesh Krishna, Timothy Hayes, D. Krementz, G. Weeks, A. Torres, K. Brinkman, K. Mandal 2015 University of South Carolina

Characterization Of Transparent Conducting Oxide Thin Films Deposited On Ceramic Substrates, Ramesh Krishna, Timothy Hayes, D. Krementz, G. Weeks, A. Torres, K. Brinkman, K. Mandal

Krishna C. Mandal

No abstract provided.


Crystal Nucleation Of Palladium-Doped Lithium Disilicate Glass, Gregory Humble 2015 Southern Polytechnic State University

Crystal Nucleation Of Palladium-Doped Lithium Disilicate Glass, Gregory Humble

Symposium of Student Scholars

The effect of concentration of palladium particles on crystal nucleation was investigated for lithium disilicate glass. The heterogeneous nucleation rate for 470°C and 480°C were calculated for a concentration of 0.001% palladium by weight. The DTA method of measuring nucleation and crystallization was used in this calculation.


Electrical Resistance Monitoring Of Damage And Crack Growth In Advanced Sic-Based Ceramic Composites, Gregory Morscher, Craig Smith, Emmanuel Maillet, Chris Baker, Rabih Monsour 2015 University of Akron Main Campus

Electrical Resistance Monitoring Of Damage And Crack Growth In Advanced Sic-Based Ceramic Composites, Gregory Morscher, Craig Smith, Emmanuel Maillet, Chris Baker, Rabih Monsour

Dr. Gregory N. Morscher

No abstract provided.


Using Ab Initio Simulations To Examine The Flexoelectric Effect In Perovskites, Austin B. Plymill 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Using Ab Initio Simulations To Examine The Flexoelectric Effect In Perovskites, Austin B. Plymill

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Flexoelectricity is a property that dielectric materials exhibit where they produce polarization when subject to an inhomogeneous deformation. In the past, this effect has been largely ignored, as its effect in bulk materials has been much less significant than the related effect of piezoelectricity, the polarization of material due to uniform deformation. Interest in flexoelectricity has been increasing in recent years due to the development of nanotechnologies. Flexoelectricity is proportional to the strain gradient a material is subjected to making the flexoelectric effect immense on the nanoscale. Additionally, the flexoelectric effect scales with the dielectric constant making it have a ...


Design, Fabrication, And Properties Of 2-2 Connectivity Cement/Polymer Based Piezoelectric Composites With Varied Piezoelectric Phase Distribution, Xu Dongyu, Cheng Xin, Sourav Banerjee, Huang Shifeng 2015 University of South Carolina, United States

Design, Fabrication, And Properties Of 2-2 Connectivity Cement/Polymer Based Piezoelectric Composites With Varied Piezoelectric Phase Distribution, Xu Dongyu, Cheng Xin, Sourav Banerjee, Huang Shifeng

Sourav Banerjee

The laminated 2-2 connectivity cement/polymer based piezoelectric composites with variedpiezoelectric phase distribution were fabricated by employing Lead Zirconium Titanate ceramicas active phase, and mixture of cement powder, epoxy resin, and hardener as matrix phase with a mass proportion of 4:4:1. The dielectric, piezoelectric, and electromechanical coupling properties of the composites were studied. The composites with large total volume fraction ofpiezoelectric phase have large piezoelectric strain constant and relative permittivity, and thepiezoelectric and dielectric properties of the composites are independent of the dimensional variations of the piezoelectric ceramic layer. The composites with small total volume fraction of piezoelectric ...


Direct Observation Of The Recovery Of An Antiferroelectric Phase During Polarization Reversal Of An Induced Ferroelectric Phase, Hanzheng Guo, Xiaoli Tan 2015 Iowa State University

Direct Observation Of The Recovery Of An Antiferroelectric Phase During Polarization Reversal Of An Induced Ferroelectric Phase, Hanzheng Guo, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Electric fields are generally known to favor the ferroelectric polar state over the antiferroelectric nonpolar state for their Coulomb interactions with dipoles in the crystal. In this paper, we directly image an electric-fieldassisted ferroelectric-to-antiferroelectric phase transition during polarization reversal of the ferroelectric phase in polycrystalline Pb0.99{Nb0.02[(Zr0.57Sn0.43)0.92Ti0.08]0.98}O3.With the electric-field in situ transmission electron microscopy technique, such an unlikely phenomenon is verified to occur by both domain morphology change and electron-diffraction analysis. The slower kinetics of the phase transition, compared with ferroelectric polarization reversal, is suggested to contribute to ...


Applications Of High Throughput Screening Tools For Thermoelectric Materials, W. Wong-Ng, H. Joress, J. Martin, Y. Yan, M. Otani, E. Thomas, M. Green, Jason Hattrick-Simpers 2015 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Applications Of High Throughput Screening Tools For Thermoelectric Materials, W. Wong-Ng, H. Joress, J. Martin, Y. Yan, M. Otani, E. Thomas, M. Green, Jason Hattrick-Simpers

Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers

No abstract provided.


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