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Quality Improvement In Drilling Silicon By Using Micro Laser Assisted Drilling, Barkin Bakir 2017 Western Michigan University

Quality Improvement In Drilling Silicon By Using Micro Laser Assisted Drilling, Barkin Bakir

The Hilltop Review

The micro-laser assisted drilling (µ-LAD) of monocrystalline silicon (100), using a diamond cutting tool coupled with a laser, was tested in order to improve the cutting edge quality of a drilled samples. The laser beam is transmitted through an optically transparent diamond drill bit and focused precisely at the tool-workpiece interface, where the material is under high pressure induced by the diamond tool. The influence of the laser power on the quality and the inner surface finish of the drilled materials is investigated. Different laser powers were used to carry out the experiments. The experimental results indicated that the µ-LAD ...


Computational Studies Of Grain Boundary Behavior In Uranium Dioxide Nuclear Fuels, Eric Nelson, Lan Li (Mentor), Simon C. Middleburgh (Mentor) 2017 Westinghouse Electric Company LLC

Computational Studies Of Grain Boundary Behavior In Uranium Dioxide Nuclear Fuels, Eric Nelson, Lan Li (Mentor), Simon C. Middleburgh (Mentor)

Idaho Conference on Undergraduate Research

Nuclear power is responsible for the production of 380,000 Megawatts of energy worldwide, which results in over 11% of the world’s energy production [world-nuclear.org]. Pellet-cladding interactions (PCI) are a key nuclear fuel failure mechanism which presents formidable challenges to researchers due to extreme nuclear fission conditions. Although PCI interactions have been reduced due to fuel additives, understandings of PCI interactions remain elusive. We propose new approaches to increase understanding of nuclear fuel interactions; specifically, uranium dioxide and the effects of dopants. This study focuses on amorphous uranium dioxide and fission products, while benchmarking new methods with previous ...


Cermet Development For High Temperature And High Pressure Applications, Beatriz Justus Ferez, Samantha Guthrie, Brian J. Jaques (Mentor), Darryl P. Butt (Mentor) 2017 Boise State University

Cermet Development For High Temperature And High Pressure Applications, Beatriz Justus Ferez, Samantha Guthrie, Brian J. Jaques (Mentor), Darryl P. Butt (Mentor)

Idaho Conference on Undergraduate Research

Many traditionally used low cost alloys are easily corroded in steam or supercritical CO2. An effective solution is to utilize ceramic heat exchangers that are often integrated with metallic components which result in a significant thermal expansion mismatch. The goal of this project is to develop a sealing method to create a hermetic joint between the ceramic and metal alloy. Proposed is a seal ring containing a cermet powder with a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) higher than the ceramic and metal to produce a high temperature compressive seal. Cermets of Ag and MgO have been selected to withstand ...


Verifying The Implementation Of An Anisotropic Grain Boundary Energy Model In Idaho National Lab’S Marmot, John-Michael H. Bradley, Evan D. Hansen, Jarin C. French, Yongfeng Zhang (Mentor) 2017 Brigham Young University Idaho

Verifying The Implementation Of An Anisotropic Grain Boundary Energy Model In Idaho National Lab’S Marmot, John-Michael H. Bradley, Evan D. Hansen, Jarin C. French, Yongfeng Zhang (Mentor)

Idaho Conference on Undergraduate Research

This work aims to verify the correct implementation of an anisotropic grain boundary (GB) energy model for face-centered cubic (FCC) and fluorite materials in Idaho National Laboratory’s phase field fuel performance code MARMOT. The model was recently implemented in MARMOT with the purpose of enabling higher fidelity simulations of UO2 nuclear fuels. As part of verification, tests were performed to measure the energy dependence on misorientation of high symmetry GBs in an FCC metal (Cu). The energies of the [100], [110], and [111] twist boundaries result as predicted, as do the energies of the [111] symmetric tilt boundaries ...


Zirconium Diboride, Hexagonal Boron Nitride, And Amorphous Alumina Thin Films For High Temperature Applications, David Murdock Stewart 2016 University of Maine

Zirconium Diboride, Hexagonal Boron Nitride, And Amorphous Alumina Thin Films For High Temperature Applications, David Murdock Stewart

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The use of microelectronic sensors and actuators in harsh, high temperature environments, such as power plants, turbine engines, and industrial manufacturing, could greatly improve the safety, reliability, and energy efficiency of these processes. The primary challenge in implementing this technology is the breakdown and degradation of thin films used in fabricating these devices when exposed to high temperatures >800 °C and oxidizing atmospheres. Zirconium diboride, hexagonal boron nitride, and amorphous alumina are candidate materials for use as thin film sensor components due to their high melting temperatures and stable phases. Zirconium diboride thin films have metallic-like electrical conductivity and remain ...


Helium Diffusion And Accumulation In Gd2ti2o7 And Gd2zr2o7, Caitlin Anne Taylor 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Helium Diffusion And Accumulation In Gd2ti2o7 And Gd2zr2o7, Caitlin Anne Taylor

Doctoral Dissertations

The effects of helium accumulation on bubble formation and mechanical properties, as well as the fundamentals of helium diffusion in pyrochlores, are experimentally investigated in Gd2Ti2O7 [gadolinium titanate] and Gd2Zr2O7 [gadolinium zirconate]. We find that helium accumulation results in bubble formation at concentrations of 6 at.% in pre-damaged Gd2Ti2O7 and 4.6 at.% in pre-damaged Gd2Zr2O7. Lattice parameter, residual stress, and hardness changes due to helium accumulation were investigated in Gd2Zr2O7, which remains crystalline after ...


Microstructure And Properties Of Spark Plasma Sintered Moalb Ceramics, Ting Lou 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Microstructure And Properties Of Spark Plasma Sintered Moalb Ceramics, Ting Lou

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Molybdenum aluminum boride (MoAlB) is a ternary transition metal boride which has promising aeronautic and nuclear applications. It inheres excellent properties of the binary transitional metal borides (e.g., MoB, ZrB2) such as high melting temperature, high hardness, and thermal conductivity. Besides, MoAlB is superior to MoB because: (1) the Al element provides an oxidation resistance at high temperatures; (2) its nanolaminated structure consisting of M-B layers with alternating Al layers results in a unique damage tolerance property. In this research, polycrystalline MoAlB have been successfully synthesized and simultaneously sintered using spark plasma sintering (SPS) from molybdenum boride (MoB ...


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook 2016 University of Maine

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Numerical Simulation Of The Influence Of Ceramic Preform On The Infiltration Process Of Metal Matrix Composites, Chang-chun Dong, Jian-xin Zhou, Ya-jun Yin, Xu Shen 2016 Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Numerical Simulation Of The Influence Of Ceramic Preform On The Infiltration Process Of Metal Matrix Composites, Chang-Chun Dong, Jian-Xin Zhou, Ya-Jun Yin, Xu Shen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Wetting And Interfacial Microstructure Of Porous Si3n4/Si3n4 Joint After Silver Metallization, Yanli Zhuang, Tiesong Lin, Shengjin Wang, Peng He, Dusan P. Sekulic, Dechang Jia, Hongmei Wei 2016 Harbin Institute of Technology

Wetting And Interfacial Microstructure Of Porous Si3n4/Si3n4 Joint After Silver Metallization, Yanli Zhuang, Tiesong Lin, Shengjin Wang, Peng He, Dusan P. Sekulic, Dechang Jia, Hongmei Wei

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Post-Treatment On Micro-Structure And Properties Of Al2o3–13 Wt%Tio2 Plasma-Spray Coating, Zehua Zhou 2016 Hohai University

Effect Of Post-Treatment On Micro-Structure And Properties Of Al2o3–13 Wt%Tio2 Plasma-Spray Coating, Zehua Zhou

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Fluorescent Materials Design At Nanoscale For Biomedical Photonics In Near Infrared Window, Kohei Soga, Masao Kamimura 2016 Tokyo University of Science

Fluorescent Materials Design At Nanoscale For Biomedical Photonics In Near Infrared Window, Kohei Soga, Masao Kamimura

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Review On Joining Of Advanced Materials And Dissimilar Materials In Harbin Institute Of Technology, Jun Qu, Yongping Lei, Peng He, Yunlong Chang 2016 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Review On Joining Of Advanced Materials And Dissimilar Materials In Harbin Institute Of Technology, Jun Qu, Yongping Lei, Peng He, Yunlong Chang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau 2016 Boise State University

Thermoelectric Half-Heuslers: Synthesis, Processing, And Performance, Joseph Robert Croteau

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Thermoelectric half-Heusler compounds have potential to convert the heat wasted from industrial and transportation processes to useful electricity. Among the highest performing half-Heusler compounds are nano-structured bulk materials which have been arc-melted, pulverized into a nano-powder, and sintered by DC-hot press. High performing n- and p-type half-Heusler compounds with nominal composition of Hf0.25Zr0.75NiSn0.99Sb0.01 and Nb0.75Ti0.25FeSb, respectively, have been provided to us in both dense and powder form by our collaborators at the University of Houston. We consolidate these powders by SPS, refine these ...


Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Formation Cadmium And Densification Of Manganese Ferrite, B. W. Jong, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

Formation of Ni-ferrite, Mn-ferrite, NiZn-ferrite, Zn-ferrite and Mg-ferrite have been investigated using X-ray diffraction analysis. Jander's diffusion equation described the data from these investigations over a portion of the temperature ranges studied. However, the reaction mechanisms and sequences involved in the formation of mixed ferrites have not been well defined in the literature. The purposes of this investigation were: ( 1) To further the understanding of the formation of CdMnferrite by studying first the kinetics of the formation of Cd-ferrite and Cd-manganite, which provides a basis for understanding the details of the mixed CdMn-ferrite reaction and to obtain the optimum ...


A Preliminary Study Of The Effect Of Heat Treatment On The Strength And Microstructure Of A Glass-Ceramic Material, P. D. Ownby 2016 Missouri University of Science and Technology

A Preliminary Study Of The Effect Of Heat Treatment On The Strength And Microstructure Of A Glass-Ceramic Material, P. D. Ownby

P. Darrell Ownby (Emeritus)

"The strength and microstructure of a glass-ceramic material of the composition 53 percent SiO₂, 19 percent Al₂O₃, 15 percent MgO, and 13 percent Li₂O were studied. Cylindrical specimens of glass were formed and heat-treated to six different temperature levels for various time periods. The method of strength testing used was a diametral compression loading technique. It was found that the strength of this material increased initially with heat-treatment but then decreased. The strength characteristics of the completely crystallized glass ceramic material were found to be dependent on the initial nucleation period. Some factors which influenced anomalous crystal growth are described ...


Feasibility Of Fused Deposition Of Ceramics With Zirconia And Acrylic Binder, Lindsay V. Page 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Feasibility Of Fused Deposition Of Ceramics With Zirconia And Acrylic Binder, Lindsay V. Page

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Processing of ceramics has always been difficult due to how hard and brittle the material is. Fused Deposition of Ceramics (FDC) is a method of additive manufacturing which allows ceramic parts to be built layer by layer, abetting more complex geometries and avoiding the potential to fracture seen with processes such as grinding and milling. In the process of FDC, a polymeric binder system is mixed with ceramic powder for the printing of the part and then burned out to leave a fully ceramic part. This experiment investigates a new combination of materials, zirconia and acrylic binder, optimizing the process ...


Design And Testing Of A Top Mask Projection Ceramic Stereolithography System For Ceramic Part Manufacturing, Dylan Robert de Caussin 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Design And Testing Of A Top Mask Projection Ceramic Stereolithography System For Ceramic Part Manufacturing, Dylan Robert De Caussin

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Ceramic manufacturing is an expensive process with long lead times between

the initial design and final manufactured part. This limits the use of ceramic as a viable material unless there is a large project budget or high production volume associated with the part. Ceramic stereolithography is an alternative to producing low cost parts through the mixing of a photo curable resin and ceramic particles. This is an additive manufacturing process in which each layer is built upon the previous to produce a green body that can be sintered for a fully dense ceramic part.

This thesis introduces a new approach ...


Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Nanofiller Reinforced Tantalum-Niobium Carbide Formed By Spark Plasma Sintering, Christopher Charles Rudolf 2016 Florida International University

Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of Nanofiller Reinforced Tantalum-Niobium Carbide Formed By Spark Plasma Sintering, Christopher Charles Rudolf

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ultra high temperature ceramics (UHTC) are candidate materials for high temperature applications such as leading edges for hypersonic flight vehicles, thermal protection systems for spacecraft, and rocket nozzle throat inserts due to their extremely high melting points. Tantalum and Niobium Carbide (TaC and NbC), with melting points of 3950°C and 3600°C, respectively, have high resistivity to chemical attack, making them ideal candidates for the harsh environments UHTCs are to be used in. The major setbacks to the implementation of UHTC materials for these applications are the difficulty in consolidating to full density as well as their low fracture ...


Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Devitrification Rates Of Fused Silica In The Presence Of Trace Impurities, Nicholas Kivi, Adrian Moore, Kayla Dyar, Samuel Haaf

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


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