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Mxenes As Flow Electrodes For Capacitive Deionization Of Wastewater, Naqsh E. Mansoor 2020 Boise State University

Mxenes As Flow Electrodes For Capacitive Deionization Of Wastewater, Naqsh E. Mansoor

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The energy-water nexus poses an integrated research challenge, while opening up an opportunity space for the development of energy efficient technologies for water remediation. Capacitive Deionization (CDI) is an upcoming reclamation technology that uses a small applied voltage applied across electrodes to electrophoretically remove dissolved ionic impurities from wastewater streams. Similar to a supercapacitor, the ions are stored in the electric double layer of the electrodes. Reversing the polarity of applied voltage enables recovery of the removed ionic impurities, allowing for recycling and reuse. Simultaneous materials recovery and water reclamation makes CDI energy efficient and resource conservative, with potential to ...


Predicting Effective Fracture Toughness Of Zrb₂-Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics By Phase-Field Modeling, Arezoo Emdadi, Jeremy Lee Watts, William Fahrenholtz, Greg Hilmas, Mohsen Asle Zaeem 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Predicting Effective Fracture Toughness Of Zrb₂-Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics By Phase-Field Modeling, Arezoo Emdadi, Jeremy Lee Watts, William Fahrenholtz, Greg Hilmas, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The effective fracture toughness (EFT) of ZrB2-C ceramics with different engineered microarchitectures was numerically evaluated by phase-field modeling. To verify the model, fibrous monoliths (elongated hexagonal ZrB2-rich cells in a continuous C-rich matrix) with different volume fractions of a C-rich phase were considered. Architectures containing 10 and 30 vol% of C-rich phase showed EFT values about 42% more than that of pure ZrB2. Increasing the C-rich phase to 50 vol%, dropped toughness significantly, which is in agreement with the experimental results. Replacing hexagonal cells with cylindrical, triangular, or square cells of the same cross-sectional area ...


Synthesis And Application Of Ceramic Paste For High-Temperature Electronic Packaging, Ardalan Nasiri 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Synthesis And Application Of Ceramic Paste For High-Temperature Electronic Packaging, Ardalan Nasiri

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation research focused on the synthesis and application of ceramic paste for high-temperature applications. An alumina paste material comprising aluminum dihydric phosphate and alumina powder was developed for high-temperature electronic packaging. Nano aluminum nitride and nano-silica powders were embedded to promote the paste curing process, limit the grain growth, and increase its bond shear strength. The chip-to-substrate bond strength was enhanced and met the MIL-STD requirements for die-attach assembly. Its encapsulation property was improved with fewer cracks compared to similar commercial ceramic encapsulants. The die-attach material and encapsulation properties tested at 500°C showed no defect or additional cracks ...


Simultaneous Effects Of Rice Husk Silica And Silicon Carbide Whiskers On The Mechanical Properties And Morphology Of Sodium Geopolymer, Akm Rahman, Nihkil Gupta 2020 New York City College of Technology

Simultaneous Effects Of Rice Husk Silica And Silicon Carbide Whiskers On The Mechanical Properties And Morphology Of Sodium Geopolymer, Akm Rahman, Nihkil Gupta

Publications and Research

The current research is focused on developing a geopolymer binder using rice husk ash–derived silica nanoparticles. Four types of rice husks were collected directly from various rice fields of Bangladesh in order to evaluate the pozzolanic activity and compatibility of the derived rice husk ashes with precursors of sodium-based geopolymers. Silicon carbide whiskers were introduced into sodium-based geopolymers in order to evaluate the response of silicon carbide whiskers to the interfacial bonding and strength of sodium-based geopolymers along with rice husk ashes. Compression, flexural and short beam shear tests were performed to investigate the synergistic effect of rice husk ...


Investigation Of Ceramic Firing Processes For Investment Casting Shell Molds, Leonardo Ken Hoaakua Nakamura, Rileigh Anne Cotter 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Investigation Of Ceramic Firing Processes For Investment Casting Shell Molds, Leonardo Ken Hoaakua Nakamura, Rileigh Anne Cotter

Materials Engineering

PCC Structurals aims to improve the quality and consistency of their ceramic mold production for their investment casting processes to decrease product loss figures. Although their current production processes result in acceptable quantities of high-quality molds, a significant percentage of defective molds are produced. These defective molds cause appreciable product loss due to casting defects and mold failure. Available literature dictates that high-quality investment casting molds must exhibit fracture strengths within a desired range in order to perform adequately. However, information regarding specific firing procedures which consistently result in ceramic mold strengths within this range is not readily available. To ...


Empirical Modeling Of Structural Distortions In Perovskite Ceramics, Evan Connor Smith 2020 Boise State University

Empirical Modeling Of Structural Distortions In Perovskite Ceramics, Evan Connor Smith

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Predictive models for composition-structure-property relationships are essential to realizing the full potential of electroceramic materials; however, the electroceramics industry has largely failed to invest in predictive models in favor of simple rules of thumb or expensive, time-consuming trial-and-error methods. Empirically derived predictive models have the potential to significantly improve and guide future research in a more cost-effective and timely manner. It may even be possible to predict some intrinsic properties (e.g., polarization) on the order of a unit cell using only the charge and size of each chemical component. Scientists and researchers may ultimately be able to use these ...


Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh 2020 Old Dominion University

Loading Orientation Dependence On The Compressive Response Of Ice-Templated Ceramic-Polymer Composites, Sashanka Akurati, Justine Marin, Dipankar Ghosh

College of Engineering & Technology (Batten) Posters

Natural materials are made from weak constituents, yet exhibit an excellent synergy of high stiffness, strength, and damage-tolerance. They consist of alternate layers of the hard and soft phases with a complex hierarchical structural organization. The ice-templating technique provides an approach to fabricate multilayered architectures for engineering applications. In this technique, an aqueous ceramic suspension is solidified unidirectionally leading to phase separation into alternating layers of ice-crystals and ceramic particles. Ice-crystals are sublimated by freeze-drying process and resultant ceramic foams are sintered to impart strength. The fabricated sintered ceramic foams contain alternate layers of oriented ceramic lamella walls and pores ...


Synthesis Of Sic Resin For 3d Printing Of Sic Ceramics By Digital Light Processing, Kevin Zhao, Bai Cui 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Synthesis Of Sic Resin For 3d Printing Of Sic Ceramics By Digital Light Processing, Kevin Zhao, Bai Cui

UCARE Research Products

Silicon carbide (SiC) resin is produced through shear mixing 0.1-1 μm SiC powders with Tethon’s high load Genesis resin base. Resins of varying SiC vol.% were synthesized to test the loading limit of the resin base; 10, 20, and 30 vol.% of SiC were made with the resin base handling the higher loads quite well. Several attempts were made at printing using the Tethon Bison 1000 DLP printer with higher loads of SiC showing better results even with lower intensity UV lights and <200 seconds exposer time. Resins with lower loads showed little to no curing even with high intensity UV lights at 200 second exposer times.


Cyclic Regeneration Of Nanostructured Composites For Catalytic Applications, Fatih Dogan 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Cyclic Regeneration Of Nanostructured Composites For Catalytic Applications, Fatih Dogan

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A cermet catalyst material, defining a matrix having interconnected open pores, the matrix selected from the group consisting of YSZ and CGO and defining a substrate, a ceramic coating having a general formula AyBnOx at least partially coating the pores, and a plurality of metal particles A at least partially embedded in the ceramic coating. A is selected from the group consisting of Co, Cu, Ce, Ni, Ti, and combinations thereof and B is selected from the group consisting of Mo, W, Ce, and combinations thereof. When the coating is in a first oxidizing atmosphere ...


Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Melt-Infiltrated Sic/Sic Composite With Environmental Barrier Coating At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Thaddeus M. Williams 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Fatigue Behavior Of An Advanced Melt-Infiltrated Sic/Sic Composite With Environmental Barrier Coating At 1200°C In Air And In Steam, Thaddeus M. Williams

Theses and Dissertations

Advanced aerospace applications such as aircraft turbine engine components, hypersonic flight vehicles, and spacecraft reentry thermal protection systems require structural materials that have superior long-term mechanical properties under high temperature, high pressure, and varying environmental factors, such as moisture. Because of their low density, high strength and fracture toughness at high temperatures SiC fiber-reinforced SiC matrix composites are being evaluated for aircraft engine hot-section components. In these applications the composites will be subjected to various types of mechanical loadings at elevated temperatures in oxidizing environments. Because their constituents are intrinsically oxidation-prone, the most significant problem hindering SiC/SiC composites is ...


Densification Of Ultra-Refractory Transition Metal Diboride Ceramics, William Fahrenholtz, Greg Hilmas, Ruixing Li 2020 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Densification Of Ultra-Refractory Transition Metal Diboride Ceramics, William Fahrenholtz, Greg Hilmas, Ruixing Li

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The densification behavior of transition metal diboride compounds was reviewed with emphasis on ZrB2 and HfB2. These compounds are considered ultra-high temperature ceramics because they have melting temperatures above 3000°C. Densification of transition metal diborides is difficult due to their strong covalent bonding, which results in extremely high melting temperatures and low self-diffusion coefficients. In addition, oxide impurities present on the surface of powder particles promotes coarsening, which further inhibits densification. Studies prior to the 1990s predominantly used hot pressing for densification. Those reports revealed densification mechanisms and identified that oxygen impurity contents below about 0.5 ...


Effect Of Incorporating Pottery And Bottom Ash As Partial Replacement Of Cement, Bassam A. Tayeh, Doha M. AlSaffar, Lawend K. Askar, Asmahan Issa Jubeh 2019 The Islamic University of Gaza

Effect Of Incorporating Pottery And Bottom Ash As Partial Replacement Of Cement, Bassam A. Tayeh, Doha M. Alsaffar, Lawend K. Askar, Asmahan Issa Jubeh

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

This study addressed the environmental constraints in cement produc­tion. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) was replaced with pottery powder (PP, produced by grinding locally available pottery) and bottom ash (BA) at 10%, 20% and 30% of cement mass. Moreover, 4% calcium chloride solution (CaCl2.2H2O) was used as mixing water. Material properties, such as standard consistency, setting time and compressive strength, were measured with different percentages of OPC replacement with PP and BA. Results indicated that the replacement with PP and BA increased the water demand to achieve the standard consistency. These results revealed that the strength ...


Development Of Novel Solid-State Electrolytes For Sodium Ion Batteries, Fei Sun 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of Novel Solid-State Electrolytes For Sodium Ion Batteries, Fei Sun

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Sodium ion battery is considered as a potential candidate to replace lithium ion battery. To eliminate the need for containment of the liquid electrolyte, the solid-state electrolytes attract more attention. However, solid state electrolytes are still restricted to be applied for commercialization because of the inherent low ionic conductivity and the poor mechanical properties. Therefore, my Ph.D. research is focused on developing advanced solid-state electrolytes by improving ionic conductivity and disclosing mechanisms of the electrolytes.

Firstly, a series of La substituted NASICON electrolytes are prepared to achieve high ionic conductivity of mS/cm, and the effects of La substitution ...


Vanadium-Based Nanomaterials For Improved Zn Ion Storage, Jianwei Lai 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Vanadium-Based Nanomaterials For Improved Zn Ion Storage, Jianwei Lai

LSU Master's Theses

Rechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries (ZIBs) have been intensively studied as novel promising large-scale energy storage systems recently, owing to their advantages of high abundance, cost effectiveness, and high safety. However, the development of suitable cathode materials with superior performance are severely hampered by the sluggish kinetics of Zn2+ with divalent charge in the host structure.

Our Work demonstrates boosting the electrochemical performances of nanostructured cathode materials for aqueous ZIBs. The first project is focused on the interlayer-expanded V6O13∙nH2O nanosheets as promising cathodes. Benefiting from the synthetic merits of its favorable architecture and expanded ...


Synthesis Of Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide From Orthocarborane Using Argon Bombardment: A Reaxff Molecular Dynamics Study, Nirmal Baishnab 2019 Missouri State University

Synthesis Of Amorphous Hydrogenated Boron Carbide From Orthocarborane Using Argon Bombardment: A Reaxff Molecular Dynamics Study, Nirmal Baishnab

MSU Graduate Theses

In this study, the synthesis process of a-B­xC:Hy using argon bombardment from the orthocarborane precursor was modeled by using reactive molecular dynamics (MD). Utilizing the MD simulations, the formation of free radicals as a result of ion bombardment was identified and quantified. Then, the densification process that is aided by the mixture of free radicals and orthocarborane was analyzed. The densification process by creating the initial structure composed of free radicals and orthocarborane with active sites created by partially removing some of the hydrogen atoms from the icosahedral cage was also modelled. Overall, a better understanding ...


Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In some examples, a technique may include positioning a first part comprising a ceramic or ceramic matrix composite and a second part comprising a ceramic or a CMC adjacent to each other to define a joint region at the interface of the first part and the second part. In some examples, the joint region may be heated using at least one of a laser or a plasma arc source to heat the joint region to an elevated temperature. The first and second parts may be pressed together and cooled to join the first and second parts at the joint region ...


Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow

Mining and Nuclear Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material is provided that can be utilized to capture radioactive iodine, 129I. Methods of using the silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material to remove radioactive iodine, and methods of manufacturing the material are also provided.


Bioprinting With Human Stem Cell-Laden Alginate-Gelatin Bioink And Bioactive Glass For Tissue Engineering, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Julie A. Semon, Bradley Bromet, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu 2019 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Bioprinting With Human Stem Cell-Laden Alginate-Gelatin Bioink And Bioactive Glass For Tissue Engineering, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Julie A. Semon, Bradley Bromet, D. E. Day, Ming-Chuan Leu

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technologies have shown great potential in the fabrication of 3D models for different human tissues. Stem cells are an attractive cell source in tissue engineering as they can be directed by material and environmental cues to differentiate into multiple cell types for tissue repair and regeneration. In this study, we investigate the viability of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) in alginate-gelatin (Alg-Gel) hydrogel bioprinted with or without bioactive glass. Highly angiogenic borate bioactive glass (13-93B3) in 50 wt% is added to polycaprolactone (PCL) to fabricate scaffolds using a solvent-based extrusion 3D bioprinting technique. The fabricated scaffolds ...


Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan 2019 Iowa State University

Interaction Dynamics Between Ferroelectric And Antiferroelectric Domains In A Pbzro3-Based Ceramic, Zhongming Fan, Fei Xue, Goknur Tutuncu, Long-Qing Chen, Xiaoli Tan

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

The antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition in PbZrO3-based oxides is of both fundamental and practical importance. In ceramics in which such a transition readily occurs, the antiferroelectric and the ferroelectric phases often coexist in individual grains with a coherent interphase interface. In this work, the electric biasing in situ transmission electron microscopy technique is employed to directly observe a unique microstructural dynamic when ferroelectric and antiferroelectric domains are driven by a moderate electric field to interact. It is found that, under monotonic loading, the ferroelectric domain grows until it is blocked by the ferroelectric-antiferroelectric interface. At the same time, a kink is ...


Structure And High Performance Of Lead-Free (K0.5na0.5)Nbo3 Piezoelectric Nanofibers With Surface-Induced Crystallization At Lowered Temperature, Yasmin Mohamed Yousry, Kui Tao, Xiaoli Tan, Ayman Mahmoud Mohamed, Yumei Wang, Shuting Chen, Seeram Ramakrishna 2019 Institute of Materials Research and Engineering and National University of Singapore

Structure And High Performance Of Lead-Free (K0.5na0.5)Nbo3 Piezoelectric Nanofibers With Surface-Induced Crystallization At Lowered Temperature, Yasmin Mohamed Yousry, Kui Tao, Xiaoli Tan, Ayman Mahmoud Mohamed, Yumei Wang, Shuting Chen, Seeram Ramakrishna

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

Lead-free potassium and sodium niobate (KNN) nanofiber webs with random and aligned configurations were prepared by electrospinning process from polymer-modified chemical solution. The crystallization process, structure, composition, dielectric, ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of the nanofibers and nanofiber webs were investigated. Theoretical analysis and experimental results showed that the surface-induced heterogeneous nucleation resulted in the remarkable lower crystallization temperature for the KNN nanofibers with {100} orientation of the perovskite phase in contrast to the bulk KNN gel, and thus well-controlled chemical stoichiometry. Low dielectric loss, large electric polarization, and high piezoelectric performance were obtained in the nanofiber webs. In particular, the ...


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