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Synthesis And Electrochemical Study Of Cuau Nanodendrites For Co2 Reduction, Dylan Siltamaki 2021 Chinese Chemical Society | Xiamen University

Synthesis And Electrochemical Study Of Cuau Nanodendrites For Co2 Reduction, Dylan Siltamaki

Journal of Electrochemistry

The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) to carbon monoxide (CO) and other value-added products is an interesting approach for carbon-containing fuel synthesis using renewable and clean energy. The electrochemical reduction of CO2 is one of the promising strategies for the storage of intermittent renewable energy resources. The development of electrocatalysts with high activity and stability is vital in the electrochemical CO2 reduction process. In this study, copper and gold alloyed (CuAu) electrodes with nanodendritic structures were synthesized using a facile electrodeposition method. The CuAu nanodendrites with the atomic ratio of Cu to Au being approximately 1:1 …


The Controlled Synthesis Of Hydrogen Electrocatalysts For Alkaline Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell And Electrolysis Applications Via Chemical Vapor Deposition, Stefan Thurston Dubard Williams 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Controlled Synthesis Of Hydrogen Electrocatalysts For Alkaline Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell And Electrolysis Applications Via Chemical Vapor Deposition, Stefan Thurston Dubard Williams

Doctoral Dissertations

The development of catalysts for the electrochemical processes of hydrogen systems (e.g., fuel cells and electrolyzer systems) continues to be an attractive area of research for renewable energy technologies. One significant challenge has been developing hydrogen catalysts suitable for alkaline environments, mainly due to the sluggish kinetics of hydrogen reactions. In alkaline environments, the kinetics are decreased by two orders of magnitude when compared to acidic environments. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a conventional method used to synthesize these types of catalysts. This effort discusses extending work being done using a modified CVD process known as “Poor Man’s” CVD (PMCVD) …


Thorium Dioxide Extraction From Monazite Ore, Katherine Glass 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Thorium Dioxide Extraction From Monazite Ore, Katherine Glass

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Investigative Study Of Microalgal And Electrochemical Wastewater Treatment Systems And Modeling Of The Wafer-Enhanced Electrodeionization Using Supervised Learning, Humeyra Betul Ulusoy Erol 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigative Study Of Microalgal And Electrochemical Wastewater Treatment Systems And Modeling Of The Wafer-Enhanced Electrodeionization Using Supervised Learning, Humeyra Betul Ulusoy Erol

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wastewater has a serious impact on environment and public health due to its high concentration of nutrients and toxic contaminants. Without proper treatment, excess nutrients discharged in wastewater can cause a damage to the ecosystem such as undesirable pH shifts, cyanotoxin production, and low dissolved oxygen concentrations.

Main objectives of this dissertation work were to investigate i) the biofuel potential of P. cruentum when grown in swine wastewater, ii) the influence of four most commonly used ion exchange resins on the system efficiency and selectivity for the removal of sodium, calcium, and magnesium ions, and iii) the modeling of wafer-enhanced …


Design And Analysis Of A Process To Convert Methanol Into Dimethyl Ether, Elisa M. White 2021 University of Mississippi

Design And Analysis Of A Process To Convert Methanol Into Dimethyl Ether, Elisa M. White

Honors Theses

A recent economic downturn led to the loss of a contract for a company that sells methanol. The company has two options to recover some of the profit lost from the contract termination. One option is to sell the excess methanol at the spot market price, and the second option is to implement a process to convert the excess methanol into dimethyl ether. This project investigated the implementation of a process to convert the methanol from the lost contract into dimethyl ether. The process was simulated in AVEVA Process Simulation to estimate the size of equipment needed. A toller provided …


Economic Feasibility Of A Methanol To Dimethyl Ether Production Process To Avoid Contract Failure Shortfalls From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jacob Noll, Robert Wasson, Harrison McKinnis 2021 University of Mississippi

Economic Feasibility Of A Methanol To Dimethyl Ether Production Process To Avoid Contract Failure Shortfalls From The Covid-19 Pandemic, Jacob Noll, Robert Wasson, Harrison Mckinnis

Honors Theses

Our team entered the 2021 AVEVA Academic Competition, where teams of undergraduate senior chemical engineering students competed across the country. The competition was composed of two parts: the base case design and the optimization of a chemical process. As part of the competition, our team is acting as the Engineering team for a fictional company that has given us this project. Due to COVID-19, our methanol producing company has lost a contract with a customer, leaving 23,000 tonnes/yr of unclaimed methanol. We have two choices with this methanol: either sell the methanol on the market at the spot price for …


Ethylbenzene Production Case Study And Optimization, Brandon Borek 2021 University of Mississippi

Ethylbenzene Production Case Study And Optimization, Brandon Borek

Honors Theses

The objective of this project was to investigate the process of producing ethylbenzene from the liquid-phase reaction of ethylene and benzene and perform parametric and topological optimizations to increase the net present value of the production facility. To do so, the base case conditions of the process were modeled and quantified economically followed by an investigation into the existing process to determine conditions that could be altered to improve the economic viability of the project. After optimizing the parametric conditions and topology of the process, the net present value of the project was increased by 305 million dollars to 191 …


Design Of An Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment Utilizing A Stirred-Tank, Jacketed Bioreactor, Brennen Middleton 2021 University of Mississippi

Design Of An Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment Utilizing A Stirred-Tank, Jacketed Bioreactor, Brennen Middleton

Honors Theses

Bioreactors are utilized in many industries, such as the food, alternative fuel, and pharmaceutical industries, to design and manufacture products. Unlike the similar chemical batch reactors utilized in many chemical processing facilities, bioreactor utilization requires engineers to consider a wider range of operating conditions and parameters. This results in a more complex reaction system and controls network. Due to this, it is imperative for chemical and biomedical engineering students to not only understand the theory surrounding these reactor systems, but also understand how to properly design and perform operating procedures with these systems. Thus, it was determined to create an …


Electrochemiluminescence Imaging Hydrogen Evolution Reaction On Single Platinum Nanoparticles Using A Bipolar Nanoelectrode Array, Xiang Qin 2021 Chinese Chemical Society | Xiamen University

Electrochemiluminescence Imaging Hydrogen Evolution Reaction On Single Platinum Nanoparticles Using A Bipolar Nanoelectrode Array, Xiang Qin

Journal of Electrochemistry

A high-density (5.7 × 108 cm-2) nanoelectrode array with the electrode diameter of 200 nm and the interelectrode distance of 450 nm were fabricated. The nanoelectrode array consisted of gold nanowires embedded in a porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) matrix, having regular nanoelectrode distribution and highly uniform nanoelectrode size. The gold nanoelectrode array was used as a closed bipolar nanoelectrode array combined with electrochemiluminescence (ECL) method to map the electrocatalytic activity of platinum nanoparticles toward hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) by modifying the catalysts on single nanoelectrodes. Results show that HER on single bipolar nanoelectrodes could be imaged with the sub-micrometer …


Structure Analysis Of Pemfc Cathode Catalyst Layer, Rui-Qing Wang 2021 Chinese Chemical Society | Xiamen University

Structure Analysis Of Pemfc Cathode Catalyst Layer, Rui-Qing Wang

Journal of Electrochemistry

The sluggish oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the cathode of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) has always been one of the key factors limiting its commercialization. The optimization of the cathode catalytic layer structure plays an important role in improving fuel cell performance and reducing production costs. In this paper, two different catalysts (platinum nanoparticles (Pt-NPs) and platinum nanowires (Pt-NWs)) were prepared by using catalyst coated substrate (CCS) method. By constructing a double-layer catalytic layer structure, we analyzed the effect of different catalytic layer structures by performing a single cell test. The results showed that the dense platinum …


Synthesis Of Some N-Oxides Of Pyridylacethylene Amines Based On 2-Methyl-5-Ethynylpyridine, Abduvakhab IKRAMOV, Odiljon ZIYADULLAYEV, Adkham KHAMIDJANOV, Shavkat BOJARIEV, Davron KHANDAMOV 2021 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute, Uzbekistan

Synthesis Of Some N-Oxides Of Pyridylacethylene Amines Based On 2-Methyl-5-Ethynylpyridine, Abduvakhab Ikramov, Odiljon Ziyadullayev, Adkham Khamidjanov, Shavkat Bojariev, Davron Khandamov

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of this work is to study the reaction of 2-methyl-5-ethynylpyridine N-oxide with some aliphatic and aromatic amines to obtain N-oxides of pyridylacetylenic amines. 2-Methyl-5-ethylpyridine converted to 2-methyl-5-vinylpyridine by dehydrogenation, and 2-methyl-5-ethynylpyridine obtained by bromination and dehydrobromination. 2-methyl-5-ethynylpyridine N-oxide synthesized by oxidation of 2-methyl-5-ethynylpyridine with perhydrol in acetic anhydride. The synthesis of N-oxides of pyridylacetylenic amines by the Mannich reaction carried out. The effect of the solvents: methanol, ethanol and n-dioxane, the catalyst, and the reaction time on the yield of the final product studied. The structure and composition of the synthesized PAA N-oxides were established using IR and …


The Role Of Hydrogen Bonds In Diluted Ethanol Solutions Of Cyclohexane And Dimethylformamide, Dilbar BOZOROVA, Shukur GOFUROV, Mavlonbek ZIYAYEV, Dildora MIRTOJIYEVA, Odina ISMANOVA, Oksana ISMOILOVA 2021 Ion-plasma and laser technologies Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

The Role Of Hydrogen Bonds In Diluted Ethanol Solutions Of Cyclohexane And Dimethylformamide, Dilbar Bozorova, Shukur Gofurov, Mavlonbek Ziyayev, Dildora Mirtojiyeva, Odina Ismanova, Oksana Ismoilova

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The refractometric method and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to determine the optical features of the concentration characteristics of diluted ethanol solutions of cyclohexane and dimethylformamide. It was found for the first time that at some concentrations the hydrogen bond is stronger than for a pure ethanol solution. The first maximum of the excess refractive index of solutions is formed at a concentration of 0.02 mole fraction of cyclohexane and dimethylformamide, which is in good correlation with IR spectroscopy, indicating the largest number of formed hydrogen bonds.


Synthesis Of Inorganic Porous Materials With Tunable Morphology For Molecular Adsorption And Separation, Sanket Sabnis 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Synthesis Of Inorganic Porous Materials With Tunable Morphology For Molecular Adsorption And Separation, Sanket Sabnis

Doctoral Dissertations

Global industrial and economic development over the past century has largely relied on combustion of non-renewable fossil fuels, such as petroleum, coal, and natural gas, which are also harmful to environment because of the release of CO2, responsible for global warming and climate change. Establishing eco-friendly, energy-efficient and cost-effective processes to reduce environmental impact is currently one of the most urgent issues for the sustainable development of our society. Inorganic porous materials have found applications in the fields of renewable energy and environmental protection such as biomass conversion, fuel cells, thermal energy storage, CO2 capture and conversion, …


Theoretical Studies Of Metal-N-C For Oxygen Reduction And Hydrogen Evolution Reactions In Acid And Alkaline Solutions, Xue-Ping Qin, Shang-Qian Zhu, Lu-Lu Zhang, Shu-Hui Sun, Min-Hua Shao 2021 1. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong 999077, China

Theoretical Studies Of Metal-N-C For Oxygen Reduction And Hydrogen Evolution Reactions In Acid And Alkaline Solutions, Xue-Ping Qin, Shang-Qian Zhu, Lu-Lu Zhang, Shu-Hui Sun, Min-Hua Shao

Journal of Electrochemistry

Single atom catalysts (SAC) have been regarded as the promising alternatives to platinum group metals due to their low costs and potentially high catalytic activities in various electrocatalytic reactions. The atomic mechanism understanding of activity discrepancy among different metal and nitrogen co-doped carbon-based catalysts is still lacking. Here, non-precious metal and nitrogen co-doped carbons (Me-N-C, Me = Fe and Co) as the model catalysts are investigated by combining experimental and theoretical studies to explore the catalytic activities and corresponding reaction mechanisms toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) at universal pHs. Atomic theoretical simulations suggest that Fe-N-C …


Pd-Based Electrocatalysts For Oxygen Reduction And Ethanol Oxidation Reactions: Some Recent Insights Into Structures And Mechanisms, Zhi-Peng Wu, Chuan-Jian Zhong 2021 3. School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering,Nanyang Technological University, 637459, Singapore

Pd-Based Electrocatalysts For Oxygen Reduction And Ethanol Oxidation Reactions: Some Recent Insights Into Structures And Mechanisms, Zhi-Peng Wu, Chuan-Jian Zhong

Journal of Electrochemistry

The development of efficient electrocatalysts for applications in fuel cells, including proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC), has attracted extensive research attention in recent years. Oxygen reduction reaction and ethanol oxidation reaction are two of the key reactions where the design of active, stable and low-cost electrocatalysts is critical for the mass commercializations of PEMFCs and DEFCs. This challenge stems largely from the limited understanding of the catalyst structures and reaction mechanisms. Progress has been made in investigations of electrocatalysts derived from Pd-based alloy nanomaterials both experimentally and computationally. We highlight herein some of the …


Nsf Career Award Supports Schwartz's Research On The Chemical Process For Making Rubber Component, Marcus Wolf 2021 Division of Marketing and Communications

Nsf Career Award Supports Schwartz's Research On The Chemical Process For Making Rubber Component, Marcus Wolf

General University of Maine Publications

advance his ongoing dissection of the Lebedev process. The well-known, multi-step chemical reaction is used to make butadiene from biomass-derived ethanol. However, little research has been conducted on the Lebedev process at the molecular level. Understanding the intricacies of this process will help researchers create new catalysts necessary for the chemical reactions to make goods from both petroleum and biomass, that would increase butadiene yield.


Ethinylation Reactions Of Some Aldehydes In The Presence Of Phenylacetylene Using High-Base Catalytic Systems, ABDURAKHMANOVA Saida, IKRAMOV Abduvaxab, ZIYADULLAYEV Odiljon, ABLAKULOV Lochin 2021 Chirchik State Pedagogical Institute

Ethinylation Reactions Of Some Aldehydes In The Presence Of Phenylacetylene Using High-Base Catalytic Systems, Abdurakhmanova Saida, Ikramov Abduvaxab, Ziyadullayev Odiljon, Ablakulov Lochin

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The aim of the research work is the development of synthesis methods of aromatic acetylene alcohols and their various derivatives using different catalytic systems and also, determining their structure, physico-chemical and biological properties. The most effective way of synthesizing AAA is determined using selected complex catalytic systems and also, the range of catalytic activity of used catalysts is created. Acetic aldehyde, benzaldehyde and cyclohexonal, high-base catalytic systems − MOH/ДМСО∙H2O and M2CO3/ДMСO∙H2O with phenylacetylene reaction of enantioselective etynilation were investiged. Efficiency and course of chemical reaction in the process of formation acetylene alcohol affection of temperature, reaction duration, solvents, catalysts and …


Synthesis Of Meta-Altered Arylmaleinamide And Preparation Of Esters In Their Presence, TURAEVA Khurshida, YULDASHEVA Mukhabbat, KHAYDAROVA Sadokat 2021 National university of Uzbekistan

Synthesis Of Meta-Altered Arylmaleinamide And Preparation Of Esters In Their Presence, Turaeva Khurshida, Yuldasheva Mukhabbat, Khaydarova Sadokat

CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

The development of new methods of synthesis using cheaper reagents for the preparation of maleic acid derivatives, the study of chemical properties and the determination of new directions for the practical application of maleic acid derivatives are still relevant. Therefore, the development of this work is an urgent task. The aim of this study was to obtain the synthesis of monomaleinamide compounds under various conditions to obtain arylmaleimide derivatives of maleic acid and to transfer them in a pure state for further reactions. In this study, scientific studies were carried out to find convenient methods for the preparation of monoamide …


Application Of Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters In Electrocatalysis, Zhi-Hua Zhuang, Wei Chen 2021 2. University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, China

Application Of Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters In Electrocatalysis, Zhi-Hua Zhuang, Wei Chen

Journal of Electrochemistry

Metal nanoclusters (M NCs) consist of only several to a few hundred of metal atoms and possess core sizes less than 2 nm. Owing to the quantum size effect, the electronic states of M NCs evolve to discrete levels similar to the molecule energy gaps, other than a continuous density of states to produce plasmon characteristic of bulk metal nanoparticles (M NPs). In comparison with the conventional M NPs, M NCs exhibit dramatically unique electronic and optical properties, such as molecule-like energy gaps, strong photoluminescence and high catalytic properties, which make them promising for potential application in numerous fields, such …


Cluster Acceleration And Stabilization In Downflow Catalytic Reactors: Experimental And Cpfd Simulation Studies, Cesar Alejandro Medina Pedraza 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Cluster Acceleration And Stabilization In Downflow Catalytic Reactors: Experimental And Cpfd Simulation Studies, Cesar Alejandro Medina Pedraza

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Particle cluster dynamics in downflow reactors are of great importance for the implementation of large scale, environmentally friendly catalytic processes. Studies should address particle cluster velocities, solids holdups, and individual cluster sizes to establish reliable models for the unit scale up.

In this PhD dissertation, the individual characteristics of particle clusters, such as cluster size, velocity, and particle volume fraction, were measured in the feeding, intermediate, and fully developed flow sections of a cold-flow model unit using CREC-GS-Optiprobes. The downer unit employed in this research had a 0.051 m ID and a 2 m high acrylic column. The feeding section …


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