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Natural 2d Layered Mineral Cannizzarite With Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Natural 2d Layered Mineral Cannizzarite With Anisotropic Optical Responses, Arindam Dasgupta, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Cannizzarite is a naturally occurring mineral formed by van der Waals (vdW) stacking of alternating layers of PbS-like and Bi2S3-like two-dimensional (2D) materials. Although the PbS-type and Bi2S3-type 2D material layers are structurally isotropic individually, the forced commensuration between these two types of layers while forming the heterostructure of cannizzarite induces strong structural anisotropy. Here we demonstrate the mechanical exfoliation of natural cannizzarite mineral to obtain thin vdW heterostructures of PbS-type and Bi2S3-type atomic layers. The structural anisotropy induced anisotropic optical properties of thin cannizzarite flakes are explored through angle-resolved polarized Raman scattering, linear dichroism, and polarization-dependent anisotropic third-harmonic generation ...


Fracture Strength Of Multi-Component Ultra-High Temperature Carbides, Gia Garino 2022 Florida International University

Fracture Strength Of Multi-Component Ultra-High Temperature Carbides, Gia Garino

2022 MME Undergraduate Research Symposium

Ultra-high temperature ceramics (UHTCs) have emerged as a promising material for next generation re-entry hypersonic vehicles due to high melting point (>3000 °C), and high mechanical properties and oxidation resistance. Yet none of the unary UHTCs can satisfy the whole gamut of demanding requirements for aerospace applications. Recently, the single-phase solid-solution formation in a multi-component ultra-high temperature ceramic (MC-UHTC) materials have gained interest due to their superior thermo-mechanical properties compared to conventional UHTCs. Herein, a systematic approach was used to fabricate binary (Ta, Nb)C, ternary (Ta, Nb, Hf)C, and quaternary (Ta, Nb, Hf, Ti)C UHTCs by gradual ...


Development Of A Trailing Edge Flap Using A Compliant Mechanism, Matthew Maybee 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Development Of A Trailing Edge Flap Using A Compliant Mechanism, Matthew Maybee

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Development Of New Space Systems Architecture In Sysml Using Model-Based Pattern Language, Bhushan R. Lohar 2022 University of South Alabama

Development Of New Space Systems Architecture In Sysml Using Model-Based Pattern Language, Bhushan R. Lohar

Theses and Dissertations

This manuscript presents an approach to the application of the Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) and Model-Based Systems Architecting (MBSA) principles to develop a Model-Based Pattern Language (MBPL). It takes considerable time for systems engineers and mission architects to develop a new system from scratch, particularly new space-based systems derived from the existing space system architectures. The use of a pattern language which is a holistic view of reusable logical model artifacts, can improve the process.

The main benefit of the pattern language is to reduce the time and validation required to generate a new space-based system architecture; this approach will ...


Design And Analysis Of Aircraft Wing, prabhat dixit Graduate Engineer, Vivek Rathod Graduate Engineer, Deshmukh Chetan Pravin Graduate Engineer, Piyush Patil Graduate Engineer 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, SOET, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharastra, INDIA

Design And Analysis Of Aircraft Wing, Prabhat Dixit Graduate Engineer, Vivek Rathod Graduate Engineer, Deshmukh Chetan Pravin Graduate Engineer, Piyush Patil Graduate Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

This research develops and analyses a general aviation plane. A preliminary representation of the eventual product is used to start the design process for an airplane. Based on a drawing, a design mission profile is utilized to determine the weight. A more advanced approach is used to estimate weight, which employs calculated performance criteria to produce a more exact weight estimate. The wing design has been demonstrated to be a feasible alternative for a similar general aviation aircraft. When traveling through air or other fluids, a wing is a type of fin that provides lift. Airfoils may be observed on ...


Synthetic Gecko Inspired Dry Adhesive Through Two- Photon Polymerization For Space Applications, Zefu Ren 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Synthetic Gecko Inspired Dry Adhesive Through Two- Photon Polymerization For Space Applications, Zefu Ren

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

This work aims to develop an advanced and cost-effective fabrication process to produce a simplified gecko-inspired microstructure with two-photon polymerization and polymer molding, aimed to improve the adhesive properties of microstructures. Such adhesive microstructures can be implemented for multi-purpose adhesive grasping devices, which have recently gained significant interest in the space exploration sector. Previous gecko-inspired microstructures were reviewed, and the new gecko-inspired microstructures have been developed with the adaptation of additive manufacturing methods for facile fabrication. The examined microstructures in this thesis were the tilted mushroom-shaped and wedge-shaped designs, which could both maximize adhesion by shearing the micropillars toward the ...


Missile Materials, Pranjali Pandurang Sankpal Engineer-Graduate, Varun Vourganti Dr. 2022 Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Maharashtra, INDIA

Missile Materials, Pranjali Pandurang Sankpal Engineer-Graduate, Varun Vourganti Dr.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The development of missile materials is the key to indigenous materials and their components. The selection of materials includes some the properties such as high strength to weight ratio, easy fabrication, good corrosion resistance, reliable quality, and high fracture toughness. The materials used for the airframe and propulsion system are alloys of aluminum, titanium, magnesium, and maraging steel. Non-metallic materials are also used such as carbon-carbon composites and polymer materials. High purity materials like phosphorous, and silicon are also important for material advancements. The paper outlines the needs and challenges of research and its solutions.


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande UG - student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar UG-student, Bhushan Borse UG-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer 2022 SOET, Sandip University

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande Ug - Student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar Ug-Student, Bhushan Borse Ug-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A drone that is not manned Automated vehicles are rational admirers of the latest planes, and they're always looking for ways to improve. Wartime and re-exploration capabilities are the primary emphases of the current generation of UAVs, leaving the existing market impacted by UAV technology unaffected. UAV technology has a wide range of current uses, ranging from emergency response to media to agriculture to communications experts. However, the adaptable unmanned aerial vehicle is not yet available to the general public. As a result, a UAV that can carry a wide range of flexible tools should be light and lightweight ...


Manufacturing Process And Emerging Advantage Of Graphene Based Composites In Aerospace- A Review, Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Arjun N Prof. 2022 Sandip University, MH, INDIA

Manufacturing Process And Emerging Advantage Of Graphene Based Composites In Aerospace- A Review, Vaibhav Arya Graduate Engineer, Arjun N Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The cardinal pillar for this paper is to showcase the composition of Graphene-based composites and reveal the hidden uses of Graphene-based composites in aerospace dominion. This paper briefly discusses the different methods by which graphene-based composites can be synthesized mostly those with functional polymers and inorganic nanostructures and additionally covers a few of the applications of graphene-based composites such as lightweight, fire retardancy, and additive manufacturing. Moreover, this detailed paper also brings up crucial highlights where graphene-based composites have covered long distances from the research lab to commercialization, specifically focusing on aerospace industries.


Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.) 2022 Sr. Asst. Professor Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, SOET, NASHIK, MH

Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.)

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

This special edition is devoted to Rockets and Missile Technology, a developing sector that will likely increase significantly as rocket and missile design technology progress. Modern military arsenals must contain advanced guided-weapons technology. As the need for missile and rocket technology grows, they are employed in various applications. Technological advancements additionally highlight the system's capabilities, functions, and applications, improving its efficacy and use. When it comes to combat aircraft, the armaments that go with them decide the price. New technology and applications such as hypersonic weaponry, long-range rockets and missiles, and space-based military equipment produce market upheaval. Current rocket ...


Uv Space Imager Enclosure Coating, David Silva Cortez, Victor Alexander Rempel Dekhtyar, Maria L. Muñoz 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Uv Space Imager Enclosure Coating, David Silva Cortez, Victor Alexander Rempel Dekhtyar, Maria L. Muñoz

Mechanical Engineering

The goal of this project is to reduce the amount of stray light entering an ultraviolet (UV) imager through absorption. This report outlines the use of ZnO nanoparticles mixed in an epoxy matrix for use in a CubeSat enclosure. Through testing, our team verified that the ZnO and epoxy coating experienced a peak absorption between 360-370 nm. The epoxy mixture with the .75% by weight ZnO nanoparticles absorbed up to 99.9 % of UV light at its peak. The effect on material properties, such as Young’s modulus and ultimate tensile strength, was also tested. Tensile tests demonstrated that adding ...


Structural Loads And Preliminary Structural Design For A World Speed Record-Breaking Turbo-Prop Racing Airplane, Matthew G. Slymen 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Structural Loads And Preliminary Structural Design For A World Speed Record-Breaking Turbo-Prop Racing Airplane, Matthew G. Slymen

Master's Theses

The Cal Poly SLO Turbo-Prop Racer project aims to design a world speed record-breaking aircraft, capable of flying more than 550 miles per hour on a 3-kilometer closed course. To further this endeavor, this thesis presents the calculations of load distributions across the aircraft’s wing and tail and preliminary structural estimates of primary structural components for verification of the loads calculations and for use in a future finite element model. The aircraft’s fundamental design characteristics effect on the structure of the aircraft, namely the unique Y-tail design, are first examined. Then, loads are calculated in accordance with the ...


Methodology To Aircraft Design – Market Study & Design Optimization, Shreyash Attarkar, Dhananjay Ahire, Tanishq Pawar, Suresh Kumar M Prof. 2022 SOET, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Methodology To Aircraft Design – Market Study & Design Optimization, Shreyash Attarkar, Dhananjay Ahire, Tanishq Pawar, Suresh Kumar M Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

In the last few years Aircraft have grown to be large-scale products with an increasing number of complicated systems, components, parts, and capabilities. Every single one of them. Various fields and technologies are included. Multiple sets of tools, procedures and methods are also included, as a result, to fully define, design, and develop an aircraft A comprehensive and methodic approach is required. Aircraft design that serves as a pillar in the evolution of the life cycle A balanced system solution that satisfies the needs of the customer. To accompany these characteristics. system engineering provides an interdisciplinary organization but is still ...


Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane 2022 Mississippi State University

Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane

Theses and Dissertations

Design of thermoelastic structures can be highly counterintuitive due to design-dependent loading and impact of geometric nonlinearity on the structural response. Thermal loading generates in-plane stresses in a restrained panel, but the presence of geometric nonlinearity creates an extension-bending coupling that results in considerable transverse displacement and variation in stiffness characteristics, and these affects are enhanced in post-bucking regimes. Herein a methodology for structural sizing of thermally stressed post-buckled stiffened panels is proposed and applied for optimization of the blade and hat stiffeners using a gradient-based optimizer. The stiffened panels are subjected to uniform thermal loading and optimized for minimum ...


Novel Thermal Coating For High-Speed Airplanes, Abinash Satapathy, Lakshay Battu, Liam Watson, Nazanin Rajabi 2022 Kennesaw State University

Novel Thermal Coating For High-Speed Airplanes, Abinash Satapathy, Lakshay Battu, Liam Watson, Nazanin Rajabi

Symposium of Student Scholars

In comparison to various other materials, Carbon Fiber, specifically Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP), is pre-eminent amongst other materials for use on aeronautical systems. Due to its high specific strength (strength-to-weight ratio), CFRP is prominent for carrying heavy loads while maintaining a lightweight build. However, when influenced by heat resulting from air resistance, CFRP is known to undergo serious degradation that would significantly decrease the effectiveness of the polymers. To prevent this degradation and maintain the strength of the CFRP, thermal protective layers (TPLs) are designed to shield the CFRP from heat exposure. This research is focused on the examination ...


Editorial, Maruthupandiyan K Dr. 2022 Associate Professor Department of Aeronautical Engineering Institute of Aeronautical Engineering Dundigal, Hyderabad

Editorial, Maruthupandiyan K Dr.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The aeronautical engineer is responsible for using cost-effective methods to develop ways of improving fuel efficiency and flight safety. Additionally, aeronautical engineers focus on lowering the environmental impact of air travel by creating aircraft that are more environmentally friendly. In Indian scenario, the development of aeronautical related advance technologies is still to grow with the Government of India initiative for the defence product under the Atmanirbhar Bharat and hope in few years now, these advanced technologies will be booming.


The Effect Of Pre-Thermal And -Load Conditions On In-718 High Temperature Fatigue Life, Paulina De La Torre, Alberto Mello 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Effect Of Pre-Thermal And -Load Conditions On In-718 High Temperature Fatigue Life, Paulina De La Torre, Alberto Mello

Publications

Ni-based superalloys are largely used in the aerospace industry as critical components for turbine engines due to their excellent mechanical properties and fatigue resistance at high temperatures. A hypothesis to explain this atypical characteristic among metals is the presence of a cross-slip mechanism. Previous work on the role of thermal activation on cubic slip has shown strain accommodation in two sets of slip planes, which resembled the activation of {100} cubic slip systems along of the octahedral slip planes {111} in Ni-based superalloys under high strain and temperature, exhibiting a more homogeneous strain distribution and less strain localization. Following those ...


Influence Of Cold Expansion And Aggressive Environment On Crack Growth In Aa2024-T3, Ken Shishino, Christopher Leirer, Alberto Mello 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Influence Of Cold Expansion And Aggressive Environment On Crack Growth In Aa2024-T3, Ken Shishino, Christopher Leirer, Alberto Mello

Publications

This research aims to establish the effect of hole cold expansion on fatigue life of pre-cracked material under aggressive environment. A relationship between crack propagation and secondary crack initiation was established for AA2024-T3 cold worked holes subjected to cyclic loads to determine the impact on fatigue life of joints in presence of saline solution. Galvanic corrosion of a steel fastener/aluminum plate assembly was investigated assuming the presence of cracks in the aluminum plates, whose growth will be monitored in-situ with a digital microscope throughout the fatigue process. The cold expansion treatment improved the fatigue life fourfold under a corrosive ...


Effects Of A Nitrogen And Hydrogen Build Atmosphere On The Properties Of Additively Manufactured Tungsten, Dana C. Madsen 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Effects Of A Nitrogen And Hydrogen Build Atmosphere On The Properties Of Additively Manufactured Tungsten, Dana C. Madsen

Theses and Dissertations

Additively manufactured tungsten was printed in pure nitrogen, nitrogen-2.5% hydrogen, and nitrogen-5% hydrogen atmospheres as part of a 2^3 full factorial designed experiment and subjected to room temperature and high-temperature three-point-bend testing, chemical analysis, hardness testing, and microstructural imaging techniques. The pure nitrogen specimens exhibited the highest strength and ductility at both high temperature and room temperature. Chemical analysis showed a 2-8x reduction in compositional oxygen relative to unprocessed powder. Hardness values for all samples was between 306.8 and 361.5 HV1. It is proposed that adding hydrogen into the build atmosphere reduced the available energy density ...


Thermal Relaxation Of Shot Peen Induced Residual Stresses In A Nickel-Base Superalloy, Bryce E. Van Velson 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Thermal Relaxation Of Shot Peen Induced Residual Stresses In A Nickel-Base Superalloy, Bryce E. Van Velson

Theses and Dissertations

Shot peening induces compressive residual stresses in components that positively influence fatigue life. Thermal and mechanical loading causes those residual stresses to relax. The hole drilling method and xray diffraction is used to measure the thermal relaxation of residual stresses in the nickel-base superalloy ME3.


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