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Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics Commons

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Application Of Strand-Cartesian Interfaced Solver On Flows Around Various Geometries, Yushi Yanagita 2017 Utah State University

Application Of Strand-Cartesian Interfaced Solver On Flows Around Various Geometries, Yushi Yanagita

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This work examines the application of a high-order numerical method to strand-based grids to solve the Navier-Stokes equations. Coined "Flux Correction", this method eliminates error terms in the fluxes of traditional second-order finite volume Galerkin methods. Flux Correction is first examined for applications to the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations to compute turbulent flows on a strictly strand-based domain. Flow over three geometries are examined to demonstrate the method’s capabilities: a three-dimensional bump, an infinite wing, and a hemisphere-cylinder configuration. Comparison to results obtained from established codes show that the turbulent Flux Correction scheme accurately predicts flow properties such as pressure ...


In-House Fabrication Of Temperature Sensitive Paint For Turbine Cooling Research, Mayur D. Patel, Mark A. Ricklick 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

In-House Fabrication Of Temperature Sensitive Paint For Turbine Cooling Research, Mayur D. Patel, Mark A. Ricklick

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

The Temperature Sensitive Paint (TSP) is a widely used method in measuring and visualizing flow separation and heat transfer. Compared to the cost and time consumption needed for methods such as pitot tubes, temperature sensitive paint is a cheaper alternative. Due to high usage in College of Engineering research projects, it was determined that in house fabrication of temperature sensitive paint would reduce time and cost limitations. For initial stages, literature research was performed to determine the recipe of intensity based TSP with luminophore and polymer binder that operated optimum at temperatures from 0-100°C. Europium III thenoyltrifluoroacetonate was determined ...


An Archival Analysis Of Stall Warning System Effectiveness During Airborne Icing Encounters, John Michael Maris 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

An Archival Analysis Of Stall Warning System Effectiveness During Airborne Icing Encounters, John Michael Maris

Dissertations and Theses

An archival study was conducted to determine the influence of stall warning system performance on aircrew decision-making outcomes during airborne icing encounters. A Conservative Icing Response Bias (CIRB) model was developed to explain the historical variability in aircrew performance in the face of airframe icing. The model combined Bayes’ Theorem with Signal Detection Theory (SDT) concepts to yield testable predictions that were evaluated using a Binary Logistic Regression (BLR) multivariate technique applied to two archives: the NASA Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) incident database, and the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) accident databases, both covering the period January 1, 1988 ...


Effect Of Slot Span On Wing Performance, Juan F. Granizo 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Effect Of Slot Span On Wing Performance, Juan F. Granizo

Dissertations and Theses

This report presents new numerically-derived correlations to estimate the aerodynamic properties of a three-dimensional wing that features a partial to full span fixed slot. Fixed slots have been thoroughly studied in the past with regards to their operation and the relation between slot geometry and wing performance. There have also been many studies on the advantages and disadvantages of tip-slotted wings and the comparison between these and full-slotted wings. Up to this point however, a study on the effects of slot span on wing performance has not been performed. Effect of slot span on wing performance is evaluated in an ...


Effect Of Flow-Acoustic Resonant Interactions On Aerodynamic Response Of Transitional Airfoils, Joseph Hayden 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Effect Of Flow-Acoustic Resonant Interactions On Aerodynamic Response Of Transitional Airfoils, Joseph Hayden

Dissertations and Theses

A high-accuracy numerical study is conducted to examine the impact of flow-acoustic resonant interactions on the aerodynamic response of symmetric and cambered airfoils in the realistic transitional flow regimes with Rec=140,000 and M=0.0465 as well as the low Reynolds number flow regime with Rec=10,000 and M=0.2. The symmetric NACA-0012 and the cambered SD7003 airfoils are investigated at various angles of attack that have been found previously to include both the tone and no-tone producing regimes, with specific focus on the aerodynamic lift response. Additional simulations are conducted with a low-intensity synthetic turbulence ...


Assessment Of Asymmetric Flight On Solar Uas, Eric Belfield 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Assessment Of Asymmetric Flight On Solar Uas, Eric Belfield

Master's Theses and Project Reports

An investigation was conducted into the feasibility of using an unconventional flight technique, asymmetric flight, to improve overall efficiency of solar aircraft. In this study, asymmetric flight is defined as steady level flight in a non-wings-level state in- tended to improve solar incidence angle. By manipulating aircraft orientation through roll angle, solar energy collection is improved but aerodynamic efficiency is worsened due to the introduction of additional trim drag. A point performance model was devel- oped to investigate the trade-off between improvement in solar energy collection and additional drag associated with asymmetric flight. A mission model with a focus on ...


The Design And Computational Validation Of A Mach 3 Wind Tunnel Nozzle Contour, Sarah Elizabeth Adams 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Design And Computational Validation Of A Mach 3 Wind Tunnel Nozzle Contour, Sarah Elizabeth Adams

Masters Theses

The objective of this effort was to design and validate a Mach 3 wind tunnel nozzle contour. The nozzle will be used for an existing facility, replacing a Mach 2.3 nozzle. The nozzle contour was design using the widely-distributed CONTUR code developed by Sivells. The program uses a combination of analytical solutions and the method of characteristics in order to calculate a nozzle contour. A nozzle contour adhering to the existing geometry requirements was achieved through an iterative process. The flowfield of the finalized nozzle contour was solved using ANSYS fluent. The solution results were analyzed for flow uniformity.


Dji S-1000 Spreading Wings Octocopter: Determination Of Rotor Downwash Slipstream Size, Jonathan Lemieux 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Dji S-1000 Spreading Wings Octocopter: Determination Of Rotor Downwash Slipstream Size, Jonathan Lemieux

Masters Theses

The DJI S-1000 Spreading Wings octocopter rotor downwash slipstream area of influence was measured in axial climb conditions and in straight level flight. These data were gathered using a simple apparatus of distributed anemometers and a custom made boom affixed to the drone. Straight level flight tests incurred autopilot oscillations that rendered the data gathering and analysis challenging. The best quality data was acquired during the axial climb flight tests. The axial climbs were conducted in calm winds. It was determined that the axial climbs under these conditions displaced the rotor slipstream 9 ± 2.5 cm to the rear of ...


Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Aqueous Surfactant Solution Surface Tensions With A Surface Tensiometer, Remelisa Esteves, Birce Dikici Ph.D, Matthew Lehman, Qayyum Mazumder, Nonso Onukwuba

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Surfactant solutions are applicable to engineering systems for cooling equipment for electronics. Surfactants can be added to water to improve heat transfer. An application of using aqueous surfactant solutions can be through microchannel heat sink. Although it is ideal to redesign these systems to reduce heat, it is a costly method. Surfactant solutions at optimal solution concentration can be able to transfer heat quickly and effectively with minimum expense. The surface tension of surfactant solutions is an important parameter for boiling heat transfer and must be taken into consideration. The purpose of this research is to measure surface tension of ...


Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Determination Of Surfactant Solution Viscosities With A Rotational Viscometer, Remelisa Esteves, Nonso Onukwuba, Birce Dikici Ph.D

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

Aqueous surfactant solutions are used in engineering systems for improving boiling heat transfer. The purpose of this research is to determine the viscosities of surfactant solutions and to investigate the effect of composition on viscosity. The results obtained can possibly be used as reference for further study in the effects of surfactant solution viscosities on nucleate boiling. A rotational viscometer was used to determine the viscosities of three surfactant solutions – SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 – of various compositions at room temperature. It was discovered that the viscosities of SLS, EH-14, and SA-9 had a nearly consistent pattern as their compositions increased ...


A Computer Program For The Coupled Implementation Of Meanline And Throughflow Methods To Simplify The Aerodynamic Design Of Multistage Axial Compressors, Alexander V. Rozendaal 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Computer Program For The Coupled Implementation Of Meanline And Throughflow Methods To Simplify The Aerodynamic Design Of Multistage Axial Compressors, Alexander V. Rozendaal

Dissertations and Theses

A computer program capable of simplifying the preliminary aerodynamic design process of multistage axial compressors has been developed. This interactive design tool, named C-STAAC, combines the Meanline and Throughflow analysis capabilities of two independent compressor design codes to form one standalone system. The program greatly improves the efficiency of the Preliminary-to-Throughflow stages of compressor design by providing fully coupled interaction between the two platforms. The result enables the user to produce stacked airfoil geometry from only a handful of initial input parameters.

The program additionally offers a wide selection of pre- and post-processing capabilities that were not previously available with ...


Foundation Effects Of Trees Under Wind Loads, Padmavathi Venkata Sagi 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Foundation Effects Of Trees Under Wind Loads, Padmavathi Venkata Sagi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Winching tests were conducted on a mature 24-year-old Norway spruce tree. The tree was instrumented with strain gauges along the root structure and tilt sensors along the tree stem and was winched to failure. Tracked tree-root system response to failure load and the material properties of the tree-root-soil system were used to examine the applicability of simple engineering principles to tree stability analysis. Tree stability was studied using the principles of Winkler foundation model for the first time. In order to study the very complex windthrow phenomenon, a novel experimental technique was used. Tree saplings with complete structural root systems ...


Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin McCarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock 2016 Carnegie Mellon University

Industrial Solid-State Energy Harvesting: Mechanisms And Examples, Matthew Kocoloski, Carl Eger, Robin Mccarty, Kevin P. Hallinan, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kissock

This paper explores the potential for solid-state energy harvesting in industrial applications. In contrast to traditional heat recovery, the output of solid-state devices is electricity, which can be readily used in virtually any plant. The progress in harvesting waste heat via thermoelectric and thermionic generators is described. With second law efficiencies now approaching 50% and 80% respectively, we show that these technologies are on the cusp of practical use. Finally, we present an example of energy harvesting using thermionic devices in an industrial application. The example considers energy harvesting from a furnace at a glass manufacturing facility where exhaust gases ...


Testing The Accuracy Of Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes: Vortex Transport By Uniform Flow And Transonic Ringleb Flow Problems Using Ansys Fluent, Carl Leake 2016 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Testing The Accuracy Of Commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics Codes: Vortex Transport By Uniform Flow And Transonic Ringleb Flow Problems Using Ansys Fluent, Carl Leake

College of Engineering

This study juxtaposes the accuracy of a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, ANSYS Fluent, against two CFD research codes, EZ4D and Flux Reconstruction. The study uses three problems to make the comparison, two vortex transport problems and one Ringleb flow problem. Fluent was used to simulate all problems, however, data sets from each CFD research code were not available for all cases. The first vortex problem showed that quadrilateral meshes perform better in Fluent than triangular meshes when the flow is aligned normal to quadrilateral cells. In addition, it revealed that Fluent has more dissipation error but less phase ...


Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Bodies To Reduce Sonic Boom Signature, Junhui Li 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Bodies To Reduce Sonic Boom Signature, Junhui Li

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In recent years there has been resurgence of interest by aerospace industry and NASA in supersonic transport aircraft. In recent studies, the emphasis has been on shape optimization of supersonic plane to reduce the acoustic signature of sonic boom resulting from the supersonic aircraft at high altitude in cruise flight. Because of the limitations of in-flight testing and cost of laboratory scale testing, CFD technology provides an attractive alternative to aid in the design and optimization of supersonic vehicles. In last decade, the predictive capability of CFD technology has significantly improved because of substantial increase in computational power, which allows ...


Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Lattice Boltzmann Methods For Wind Energy Analysis, Stephen Lloyd Wood

Doctoral Dissertations

An estimate of the United States wind potential conducted in 2011 found that the energy available at an altitude of 80 meters is approximately triple the wind energy available 50 meters above ground. In 2012, 43% of all new electricity generation installed in the U.S. (13.1 GW) came from wind power. The majority of this power, 79%, comes from large utility scale turbines that are being manufactured at unprecedented sizes. Existing wind plants operate with a capacity factor of only approximately 30%. Measurements have shown that the turbulent wake of a turbine persists for many rotor diameters, inducing ...


Evaluation Of Various Turbulence Models For Shock-Wave Boundary Layer Interaction Flows, Francis K. Acquaye 2016 Washington University in St Louis

Evaluation Of Various Turbulence Models For Shock-Wave Boundary Layer Interaction Flows, Francis K. Acquaye

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Despite the modeling capabilities of current computational fluid dynamics (CFD), there still exist problems and inconsistencies in simulating fluid flow in certain flow regimes. Most difficult are the high-speed transonic, supersonic and hypersonic wall-bounded turbulent flows with small or massive regions of separation. To address the problem of the lack of computational accuracy in turbulence modeling, NASA has established the Turbulence Modeling Resource (TMR) website and has issued the NASA 40% Challenge. The aim of this challenge is to identify and improve/develop turbulence and transition models as well as numerical techniques to achieve a 40% reduction in the predictive ...


Numerical Investigations Of A High Frequency Pulsed Gaseous Fuel Jet Injection Into A Supersonic Crossflow, Nehemiah Joel Williams 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Numerical Investigations Of A High Frequency Pulsed Gaseous Fuel Jet Injection Into A Supersonic Crossflow, Nehemiah Joel Williams

Doctoral Dissertations

The investigation of fuel delivery mechanisms is a critical design point in the development of supersonic combustion ramjet (scramjet) technology. Primary challenges include proper penetration of the jet in the supersonic cross-flow while keeping total pressure losses and wall drag to a minimum. To reduce drag and heat loads especially at high burner entry Mach numbers it is desirable to use a minimally intrusive means of fuel delivery.

Pulsation of gaseous jets has been shown to increase penetration and mixing in subsonic flows. A limited number of experimental studies and even fewer numerical studies have suggested that when applied to ...


Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Microscale Investigation Of Thermo-Fluid Transport In The Transition Fil, Region Of An Evaporating Capillary Meniscus Using A Microgravity Environment, Kenneth D. Kihm, Jeffrey S. Allen, Kevin P. Hallinan, David M. Pratt

Kevin Hallinan

In order to enhance the fundamental understanding of thin film evaporation and thereby improve the critical design concept for two-phase heat transfer devices, microscale heat and mass transport is to be investigated for the transition film region using state-of-the-art optical diagnostic techniques. By utilizing a microgravity environment, the length scales of the transition film region can be extended sufficiently, from submicron to micron, to probe and measure the microscale transport fields which are affected by intermolecular forces. Extension of the thin film dimensions under microgravity will be achieved by using a conical evaporator made of a thin silicon substrate under ...


Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar 2016 Brown University

Nanocharacterization Of Bio-Silica Using Atomic Force And Ultrasonic Force Microscopy, Vinaypreet S. Gill, Kevin P. Hallinan, N. S. Brar

Kevin Hallinan

Nanotechnology has become central to our research efforts to fabricate relatively smaller size devices, which are more versatile than their older and larger predecessors. Silica is a very important material in this regard. Recently, a new biomimetically inspired path to silica production has been demonstrated. This processing technique was inspired from biological organisms, such as marine diatoms, which produce silica at ambient conditions and almost neutral ph with beautiful control over location and structure. Recently, several researchers have demonstrated that positional control of silica formed could be achieved by application of an electric field to locate charged enzymes responsible for ...


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