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Multi-Vehicle Systems and Air Traffic Control Commons

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A Machine Learning Approach Towards Analyzing Impact Of Surface Weather On Expect Departure Clearance Times In Aviation, Dothag Truong, Shlok Misra, Godfrey V. D'souza 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Machine Learning Approach Towards Analyzing Impact Of Surface Weather On Expect Departure Clearance Times In Aviation, Dothag Truong, Shlok Misra, Godfrey V. D'Souza

Publications

Commercial air travel in the United States has grown significantly in the past decade. While the reasons for air traffic delays can vary, the weather is the largest cause of flight cancellations and delays in the United States. Air Traffic Control centers utilize Traffic Management Initiatives such as Ground Stops and Expect Departure Clearance Times (EDCT) to manage traffic into and out of affected airports. Airline dispatchers and pilots monitor EDCTs to adjust flight blocks and flight schedules to reduce the impact on the airline’s operating network. The use of time-series data mining can be used to assess and quantify …


Sme Coffee Hour: Human Factors: Dirty Dozennorms And Complacency, Linda Vee Weiland 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Sme Coffee Hour: Human Factors: Dirty Dozennorms And Complacency, Linda Vee Weiland

Publications

Presentation about the relevance between communication, language, complacency and norms related to flight safety.


A Machine Learning Framework For Automatic Speech Recognition In Air Traffic Control Using Word Level Binary Classification And Transcription, Fowad Shahid Sohail 2022 Rowan University

A Machine Learning Framework For Automatic Speech Recognition In Air Traffic Control Using Word Level Binary Classification And Transcription, Fowad Shahid Sohail

Theses and Dissertations

Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Machine learning have enabled a variety of new technologies. One such technology is Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR), where a machine is given audio and transcribes the words that were spoken. ASR can be applied in a variety of domains to improve general usability and safety. One such domain is Air Traffic Control (ATC). ASR in ATC promises to improve safety in a mission critical environment. ASR models have historically required a large amount of clean training data. ATC environments are noisy and acquiring labeled data is a difficult, expertise dependent task. This thesis attempts to …


Creation And Development Of An Obstacle Database For Uas Pathfinding, Cameron Clarke 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Creation And Development Of An Obstacle Database For Uas Pathfinding, Cameron Clarke

Summer Community of Scholars Posters (RCEU and HCR Combined Programs)

No abstract provided.


Modeling And Structural Analysis Of Morphing Wing In Uavs, Gunda Shiva krishna Prof. 2022 Assistant professor Department of aerospace engineering Amity school of engineering and technology, Mumbai & amity university, Maharashtra

Modeling And Structural Analysis Of Morphing Wing In Uavs, Gunda Shiva Krishna Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Morphing structure enables an aircraft to alter its configuration in maneuver to operate effectively in a given flight reign. A continuous wing is utilized to reduce drag as the wing deformation is approximated more closely. With such wing morphing of skin supported with underlying truss structure, they are able to control the unsteady aerodynamic forces. This project seeks to expand and unravel the capability of an aircraft through the application of a reconfigurable “morphing” wing. In this project, the structural model of the morphing wing consists of primarily wing components designed in solid works. Structural analysis of wing components has …


Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof. 2022 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA

Film Cooling Method In Liquid Rocket Engine, Pradnya Cherkupalli Engineer Graduate, Juluru Sandeep Prof.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Design Criteria, Experimental Studies of Supersonic Shock Wave Interaction with Film Cooling, and High-Pressure Subscale Combustion Chamber of Film Cooling Liquid-Propellant Rocket Engines are all covered in this review study. Using earth-storable, space-storable, and cryogenic propellant combinations, the study establishes the applicability of film cooling to rocket engines in the high thrust range. The study's findings are given in this publication. Additionally, data from studies mixing different types of propellant were used to evaluate the analytical model's accuracy. Tests employing supersonic film cooling were done in the wind tunnel to investigate the impact of external shock waves on supersonic film …


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande UG - student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar UG-student, Bhushan Borse UG-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer 2022 SOET, Sandip University

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles An Overview And Applications, Ashish Rahuldeo Pande Ug - Student, Pranav Sanjay Nerkar Ug-Student, Bhushan Borse Ug-Student, Kirubakaran V Engineer

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

A drone that is not manned Automated vehicles are rational admirers of the latest planes, and they're always looking for ways to improve. Wartime and re-exploration capabilities are the primary emphases of the current generation of UAVs, leaving the existing market impacted by UAV technology unaffected. UAV technology has a wide range of current uses, ranging from emergency response to media to agriculture to communications experts. However, the adaptable unmanned aerial vehicle is not yet available to the general public. As a result, a UAV that can carry a wide range of flexible tools should be light and lightweight. In …


Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.) 2022 Sr. Asst. Professor Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sandip University, SOET, NASHIK, MH

Editorial, Shiva Prasad U Mr., M. Suresh Kumar Prof.(Dr.)

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

This special edition is devoted to Rockets and Missile Technology, a developing sector that will likely increase significantly as rocket and missile design technology progress. Modern military arsenals must contain advanced guided-weapons technology. As the need for missile and rocket technology grows, they are employed in various applications. Technological advancements additionally highlight the system's capabilities, functions, and applications, improving its efficacy and use. When it comes to combat aircraft, the armaments that go with them decide the price. New technology and applications such as hypersonic weaponry, long-range rockets and missiles, and space-based military equipment produce market upheaval. Current rocket …


Low-Cost Uav Swarm For Real-Time Object Detection Applications, Joel Valdovinos Miranda 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Low-Cost Uav Swarm For Real-Time Object Detection Applications, Joel Valdovinos Miranda

Master's Theses

With unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), also known as drones, becoming readily available and affordable, applications for these devices have grown immensely. One type of application is the use of drones to fly over large areas and detect desired entities. For example, a swarm of drones could detect marine creatures near the surface of the ocean and provide users the location and type of animal found. However, even with the reduction in cost of drone technology, such applications result costly due to the use of custom hardware with built-in advanced capabilities. Therefore, the focus of this thesis is to compile an …


Editorial, Maruthupandiyan K Dr. 2022 Associate Professor Department of Aeronautical Engineering Institute of Aeronautical Engineering Dundigal, Hyderabad

Editorial, Maruthupandiyan K Dr.

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The aeronautical engineer is responsible for using cost-effective methods to develop ways of improving fuel efficiency and flight safety. Additionally, aeronautical engineers focus on lowering the environmental impact of air travel by creating aircraft that are more environmentally friendly. In Indian scenario, the development of aeronautical related advance technologies is still to grow with the Government of India initiative for the defence product under the Atmanirbhar Bharat and hope in few years now, these advanced technologies will be booming.


Experimental Analysis Of Double Box Wing Uav., Sai Adithya Vanga, Moulshree Srivastava, Y. D. Dwivedi 2021 Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dundigal, Hyderabad

Experimental Analysis Of Double Box Wing Uav., Sai Adithya Vanga, Moulshree Srivastava, Y. D. Dwivedi

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

ABSTRACT

In an attempt to reduce the induced drag on a wing, Prandtl found that induced drag reduced significantly by highly increasing the number of vertically offset wings. The same result could be obtained by joining the wingtips of two vertically offset wings. This helped increase payload capacity and also reduced fuel consumption and emissions. Such a wing configuration came to be known as Prandtl’s box wing. In this work, the design and analysis of a box wing aircraft model has been carried out. The preliminary analysis is performed using XFLR5, and the computational analysis is done with the help …


Editorial, Y D Dwivedi 2021 Institute of Aeronautical Engineering

Editorial, Y D Dwivedi

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

The special issue “Emerging Aerospace Technologies in Aerodynamics, Propulsion, and Materials” is published which covers the aerospace domain covering aerodynamics, propulsion, and materials used for aeronautical and aerospace domains. In this issue, the authors have focused on the articles related to experimental and computational work related to aircraft performance, aircraft stability and control, materials, and some other important areas. Most of the papers are based on Project Based Learning which is one of the research-oriented teaching-learning processes recently introduced in National Education Policy 2020 by the Government of India.


Traffic Collision Avoidance System: False Injection Viability, John Hannah, Robert F. Mills, Richard A. Dill, Douglas D. Hodson 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology

Traffic Collision Avoidance System: False Injection Viability, John Hannah, Robert F. Mills, Richard A. Dill, Douglas D. Hodson

Faculty Publications

Safety is a simple concept but an abstract task, specifically with aircraft. One critical safety system, the Traffic Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS), protects against mid-air collisions by predicting the course of other aircraft, determining the possibility of collision, and issuing a resolution advisory for avoidance. Previous research to identify vulnerabilities associated with TCAS’s communication processes discovered that a false injection attack presents the most comprehensive risk to veritable trust in TCAS, allowing for a mid-air collision. This research explores the viability of successfully executing a false injection attack against a target aircraft, triggering a resolution advisory. Monetary constraints precluded …


Flight Trajectory Prediction For Aeronautical Communications., Nathan T Schimpf 2021 University of Louisville

Flight Trajectory Prediction For Aeronautical Communications., Nathan T Schimpf

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The development of future technologies for the National Airspace System (NAS) will be reliant on a new communications infrastructure capable of managing a limited spectrum among aircraft and ground systems. Emerging approaches to this spectrum allocation task mostly consider machine learning techniques reliant on aircraft and Air Traffic Control (ATC) sector data. Much of this data, however, is not directly available. This thesis considers the development of two such data products: the 4D trajectory (latitude, longitude, altitude, and time) of aircraft, and the anticipated airspace utilization and communication demand within an ATC sector. Data predictions are treated as a time …


Multilateratin Index., Chip Lynch 2021 University of Louisville

Multilateratin Index., Chip Lynch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

We present an alternative method for pre-processing and storing point data, particularly for Geospatial points, by storing multilateration distances to fixed points rather than coordinates such as Latitude and Longitude. We explore the use of this data to improve query performance for some distance related queries such as nearest neighbor and query-within-radius (i.e. “find all points in a set P within distance d of query point q”). Further, we discuss the problem of “Network Adequacy” common to medical and communications businesses, to analyze questions such as “are at least 90% of patients living within 50 miles of a covered emergency …


Monte-Carlo-Based Analysis Of Traffic Flow For Urban Air Mobility Vehicles, Sara Ghayouraneh 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Monte-Carlo-Based Analysis Of Traffic Flow For Urban Air Mobility Vehicles, Sara Ghayouraneh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The research conducted in this dissertation is focused on developing a simulation tool that can predict the traffic flow patterns of the Urban Air Mobility vehicles to alleviate some of the challenges related to their traffic management. First, an introduction to the concept of Urban Air Mobility is given, the usage of Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast systems for Urban Air Mobility vehicles is suggested and dynamic addressing concept is introduced as an answer to a part of air traffic management and address scarcity challenge for Urban air Mobility vehicles. Next, in order to simulate the traffic flow patterns of the Urban …


Air Navigation And Covid-19: Atm Efficiency In Pandemic Crisis, Fabio Lourenco Carneiro Barbosa 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Air Navigation And Covid-19: Atm Efficiency In Pandemic Crisis, Fabio Lourenco Carneiro Barbosa

Graduate Student Works

The coronavirus crisis effects on aviation in 2020 are currently well-documented. Nonetheless, the widely registered low traffic due to the crisis does not necessarily lead to increased air navigation efficiency. Thus, the present work, developed to fulfill the program outcomes for the Master of Science in Aeronautics, Air Traffic Management (ATM) specialization, aimed to investigate what was the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on air navigation efficiency in Brazil. This research question was addressed through a quantitative, nonexperimental, observational approach with two parallel branches, designed to answer two sub-questions. For the first, regarding what was the impact of the crisis …


Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

As demand for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations increases, it is vital to understand its effects on air traffic controllers and the safety of the national airspace system. This study’s primary purpose is to determine how UAVs that operate in controlled airspace would influence air traffic controllers’ occupational stress and performance. In a within-subject experimental research design, 24 participants sampled from a university’s undergraduate Air Traffic Management (ATM) program completed three different air traffic control (ATC) scenarios on an en route ATC simulation system. The degree of UAV automation and control were varied in each scenario. The participants’ stress levels, …


Changing The Process In Educational Field And Air Navigation Through Advances In Hologram Technology, Camilo Fernandez Sr. 2021 Universidad de Antioquia

Changing The Process In Educational Field And Air Navigation Through Advances In Hologram Technology, Camilo Fernandez Sr.

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

The objective of this piece is to propose reasons that change the way air traffic controllers and others learn and work in air navigation, but also how they can improve workloads, due to the implementation of holographic radar. This research also aims to describe how this could reduce the cognitive load of an operator, thanks to the improvement of visual perspective and capacity of analysis, in order to more easily control an aircraft.

Seeing that the visual facilitation is well known, radar is able to represent in three dimensions and in detail that which could not previously be perceived. This …


A Cyber Threat Taxonomy And A Viability Analysis For False Injections In The Tcas, John W. Hannah 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Cyber Threat Taxonomy And A Viability Analysis For False Injections In The Tcas, John W. Hannah

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis provided background information on the Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS). Additionally, the thesis developed a threat taxonomy for TCAS, resulting in the determination that a false injection attack presents the most comprehensive risk. Moreover, the thesis presents the development of a program to determine what ranges, altitudes, and relative bearings are most vulnerable to a false injection attack. The program includes test for all requirements of a successful false injection. Furthermore, the thesis presents an analysis of results and creates threat maps as situational awareness tools. Lastly, the thesis discusses potential solutions to the false injection attack, covers …


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