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Urban Cargo Transport Uav Final Design Review, Niko Giannakakos, Rafael Barreto Gutierrez, Tejas Bhavsar 2020 Kennesaw State University

Urban Cargo Transport Uav Final Design Review, Niko Giannakakos, Rafael Barreto Gutierrez, Tejas Bhavsar

Senior Design Project For Engineers

Delivery of goods to homes and offices over the last decades has seen a significant increase as more people and businesses need or want items sent directly to them. With the increase in demand, technology has also experienced a rapid growth, specifically in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Many major companies are currently researching UAVs as the future of their delivery operations. With this ever-growing demand, NASA has issued a design competition of a UAV developed for urban deliveries. This unmanned aircraft system (UAS) would need to be able to deliver small packages, in a timely manner, within ...


Evaluating Scenarios That Can Startle And Surprise Pilots, Rahim Daud Agha 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Evaluating Scenarios That Can Startle And Surprise Pilots, Rahim Daud Agha

Dissertations and Theses

Startle and surprise on the flight deck is a contributing factor in multiple aviation accidents that have been recognized by multiple aviation safety boards. This study identified the effects startle and surprise had on commercial pilots with single and multiengine ratings. Surprise is defined here as something unexpected (e.g., engine failure), while startle is the associated exaggerated effect of an unexpected condition (e.g., thunder sound). Forty pilots were tested in a basic aviation training device configured to a Cessna 172 (single-engine) and a Baron 58 (multi-engine). Each pilot flew the single- and multiengine aircraft in a scenario that ...


Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Based Heat Exchanger On The Martian, Sarah Guinn 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Based Heat Exchanger On The Martian, Sarah Guinn

Discovery Day - Prescott

The use of supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) in power cycles has been fairly new in the last decade. Due to this, there is a lack in research for both terrestrial and extraterrestrial applications. The purpose of this project is to utilize sCO2 as a working fluid and design and optimize a Brayton Cycle based heat exchanger on the Martian surface. Due to the lack of water on Mars, this research will provide a stronger analysis of planetary based drycooling processes in low atmospheric pressure and colder temperatures. We have been conducting an in-depth analysis of the heat exchanger by modeling ...


Thermal Modeling Of Additive Manufacturing Using Graph Theory: Validation With Directed Energy Deposition, Jordan Severson 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Thermal Modeling Of Additive Manufacturing Using Graph Theory: Validation With Directed Energy Deposition, Jordan Severson

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Metal additive manufacturing (AM/3D printing) offers unparalleled advantages over conventional manufacturing, including greater design freedom and a lower lead time. However, the use of AM parts in safety-critical industries, such as aerospace and biomedical, is limited by the tendency of the process to create flaws that can lead to sudden failure during use. The root cause of flaw formation in metal AM parts, such as porosity and deformation, is linked to the temperature inside the part during the process, called the thermal history. The thermal history is a function of the process parameters and part design.

Consequently, the first ...


Experimental Study On Compression And Shear Strength Of Cfrp, Joseph Gentile, Ethan Garber 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Experimental Study On Compression And Shear Strength Of Cfrp, Joseph Gentile, Ethan Garber

Discovery Day - Prescott

The increasing use of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) in the aerospace industry requires a better understanding of its damage properties. Many modern aircraft under high loads are utilizing this material for their primary structures due to its high strength to weight ratio. However, CFRPs are sensitive to out-of-plane loading such as low-velocity impact and indentation. These damages can reduce the compressive strength significantly without leaving a visible mark on the surface, which is known as Barely Visible Impact Damage (BVID). The behavior and residual strength of CFRPs after impact damage under compressive loading are still not fully understood. Studies of ...


Quantifying Wicking In Functionlized Surfaces, Maureen Winter, Ryan Regan, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig Zuhlke, Dennis Alexander, George Gogos 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Quantifying Wicking In Functionlized Surfaces, Maureen Winter, Ryan Regan, Alfred Tsubaki, Craig Zuhlke, Dennis Alexander, George Gogos

UCARE Research Products

Wicking remains the enigmatic key factor in many research areas. From boiling in power plants, to anti-icing on plane wings, to medical instruments, to heat pipes, efficiency and safety depend on how quickly a surface becomes wet. Yet wicking remains difficult to quantify and define as a property of the surface. This experiment strives to measure the wicking property by examining the rate that a liquid can be pulled out of a container. A superhydrophilic surface is placed in contact with the liquid at the bottom of a tube so that the volume flow rate across the surface can be ...


Nytrox As “Drop-In” Replacement For Gaseous Oxygen In Smallsat Hybrid Propulsion Systems, Stephen A. Whitmore 2020 Utah State University

Nytrox As “Drop-In” Replacement For Gaseous Oxygen In Smallsat Hybrid Propulsion Systems, Stephen A. Whitmore

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications

A medical grade nitrous oxide (N2O) and gaseous oxygen (GOX) “Nytrox” blend is investigated as a volumetrically-efficient replacement for GOX in SmallSat-scale hybrid propulsion systems. Combined with 3-D printed acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), the propellants represent a significantly safer, but superior performing, alternative to environmentally-unsustainable spacecraft propellants like hydrazine. In a manner analogous to the creation of soda-water using dissolved carbon dioxide, Nytrox is created by bubbling GOX under pressure into N2O until the solution reaches saturation. Oxygen in the ullage dilutes N2O vapor and increases the required decomposition energy barrier by several orders ...


Arizona Hyperloop: The Fifth Mode Of Transportation, Eleanor Pahl, Matthieu Rada 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Arizona Hyperloop: The Fifth Mode Of Transportation, Eleanor Pahl, Matthieu Rada

Discovery Day - Prescott

Arizona Hyperloop is a coalition between Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and Arizona State University students competing in Elon Musk’s annual SpaceX Hyperloop Pod Competition. Hyperloop is the proposed “Fifth Mode of Transportation” - coined “a cross between a Concorde, a rail gun, and an air hockey table.” A hyperloop pod levitates and travels at nearly the speed of sound inside a vacuum tube, which eliminates air resistance. Musk hosts the annual competition to university students to encourage the evolution of urban transportation. The goal is to design, build, and race the fastest prototype pod at SpaceX’s mile-long test track in ...


Aircraft Leading Edge Strakes On Conventional Naca Wings, Anthony Pirone 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Aircraft Leading Edge Strakes On Conventional Naca Wings, Anthony Pirone

Discovery Day - Prescott

The prevention of stall on aircraft wings has been a great challenge over the history of airplanes. As the aircraft become more and more complex, it becomes harder to fit high lift devices and leading-edge devices onto high camber, supercritical airfoil aircraft wings. In the fighter jet class of aircraft the obstacle of stall is usually delayed by the implementation of leading-edge root extensions or strakes. Strakes create a tip vortice along the sharp leading edge that transitions over the surface of the wing preventing separation on both the upper and lower surface of the wing allowing the fighter jet ...


Sae Aero West Heavy Lift Competition Team - Eaglenautics, Anthony Pirone, Evan Stuart, Jessica Millard, Nathaniel Scott 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Sae Aero West Heavy Lift Competition Team - Eaglenautics, Anthony Pirone, Evan Stuart, Jessica Millard, Nathaniel Scott

Discovery Day - Prescott

ERAU’s SAE Aero Design West Competition team encourages students of all majors who have an interest in the design of heavy-lift cargo and passenger aircraft to design, build, and fly a large RC aircraft to meet a new set of regulations each competition year. Since the team, Eaglenautics, was founded in 2017 it has successfully been to competition once in April 2019 in California. The team’s aircraft flew 4 out of 5 flight rounds, passed all technical inspections, and is now on display in ERAU’s Aero-Fab in the AXFAB. The 2020 competition requirements are unique in that ...


Local Government Policy And Planning For Unmanned Aerial Systems, Tyler Spence, Francesca Favaro, Kally Yeung 2020 San Jose State University

Local Government Policy And Planning For Unmanned Aerial Systems, Tyler Spence, Francesca Favaro, Kally Yeung

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

This research identifies key state and local government stakeholders in California for drone policy creation and implementation, and describes their perceptions and understanding of drone policy. The investigation assessed stakeholders’ positions, interests, and influence on issues, with the goal of providing potential policy input to achieve successful drone integration in urban environments and within the national airspace of the United States. The research examined regulatory priorities through the use of a two-tiered Stakeholder Analysis Process. The first tier consisted of a detailed survey sent out to over 450 local agencies and jurisdictions in California. The second tier consisted of an ...


Dynamic And Control Of Air-Bearing Spacecraft Simulator, Jacob Joseph Korczyk 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Dynamic And Control Of Air-Bearing Spacecraft Simulator, Jacob Joseph Korczyk

Dissertations and Theses

An air bearing is being designed as a spacecraft rotational motion simulator, featuring the Sawyer Robot and its control box. The objective is to maneuver the robot as desired, performing operations specific to on-orbit servicing operations while maintaining stability of the system. Before the control can be designed, the dynamics of the platform and the robot must be modeled. The dynamics of the robot can be derived utilizing a Newton-Euler recursive approach. By beginning with a simple pendulum, then adding links (degrees of freedom) to more closely resemble the Sawyer arm, the equations of motion for the robot can be ...


7-Dof Robotic Arm Xy-Plane Translational Stability, Christopher Dean Alkire 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

7-Dof Robotic Arm Xy-Plane Translational Stability, Christopher Dean Alkire

Dissertations and Theses

Robotic arms are traditionally mounted to rigid structures as they perform tasks. As a result, the arm’s movement would not affect the position of its mount and its operational space that it is performing a task within would remain constant. If a robotic arm were to function in orbit, the motion of the arm would cause it to rotate and translate about its center of mass, which changes as the joints of the arm rotate.

The purpose of this thesis is to focus on the two-dimensional translational effects of an arm operating on a simulated zero-friction surface and provide ...


Constrained Motion Analysis And Control Of Spacecraft Asteroid Hovering With Formulation Extension In Geometric Mechanics Framework, Wesley Thomas Stackhouse 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Constrained Motion Analysis And Control Of Spacecraft Asteroid Hovering With Formulation Extension In Geometric Mechanics Framework, Wesley Thomas Stackhouse

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis studies the constrained motion for a spacecraft hovering over an asteroid, where the Udwadia-Kalaba (UK) formulation is applied for nominal control, and an adaptive controller is developed to account for unknowns in the dynamics. Then, the formulation is extended in the geometric mechanics framework to account for rigid body spacecraft asteroid hovering. Constraints are developed and applied for fully constrained and under-constrained asteroid hovering. The fully constrained solutions provided by the UK fundamental equation are compared to an optimal linear quadratic regulator. An adaptive controller is designed using the UK fundamental equation as a basis in the form ...


Interaction Of High Aspect-Ratio Micro-Pillars With Wall Turbulence, Pratik Suhas Deshpande 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Interaction Of High Aspect-Ratio Micro-Pillars With Wall Turbulence, Pratik Suhas Deshpande

Dissertations and Theses

An experimental study of the interaction between hairy structures modeled as high-aspect ratio micro-pillars (HAMuP) and wall turbulence is presented. Micro-pillars are elastic, hair-like microstructures which have been inspired by naturally occurring examples like lateral line sensors in fish and air flow sensors in bats. The objective of this thesis was two fold: to develop a manufacturing process for consistent production of HAMuP arrays, and to conduct a study focusing on the interaction of HAMuP arrays with wall turbulence. Hotwire anemometry measurements were carried out in two different experimental facilities at three different streamwise locations to describe the interaction between ...


Launch Vehicle Design For The Far-Mars Competition, Matthew Boban, Bryce Smoldon, Jonathan Noble, Stefan Johnson, Maxwell Kauker, Nicholas Wright, Andrew Lucka 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Launch Vehicle Design For The Far-Mars Competition, Matthew Boban, Bryce Smoldon, Jonathan Noble, Stefan Johnson, Maxwell Kauker, Nicholas Wright, Andrew Lucka

Discovery Day - Prescott

Zenith Propulsion is constructing a launch vehicle, named Altair, to compete in a competition hosted by the Friends of Amateur Rocketry (FAR) and the Mars Society. The objective for Zenith Propulsion is to design, build and launch Altair to a qualifying altitude of 30,000 feet in the FAR-Mars competition. Altair will utilize a rocket engine that has been in development at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s Prescott campus since late 2018. This engine, named Janus, uses liquid oxygen and Jet-A and is designed to deliver 1000 lbf of thrust. Altair will be launched from the FAR launch site, in Mojave ...


The Effect Of Oxygen On Properties Of Zirconium Metal, Jie ZHAO 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Effect Of Oxygen On Properties Of Zirconium Metal, Jie Zhao

Doctoral Dissertations

The influence of oxygen on the thermophysical properties of zirconium has been investigated using MSL-EML (Material Science Laboratory Electromagnetic Levitator) on ISS (International Space Station) in collaboration with NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA (European Space Agency), and DLR (German Aerospace Center). Zirconium samples with different oxygen concentrations was subjected to multiple melt cycles during which the thermophysical properties, such as density, viscosity and surface tension, have been measured at various undercooled and superheated temperatures. Also, there are melt cycles for verifying the solidification mechanism. Similar samples were found to show anomalous nucleation of the solid for certain ranges ...


Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space and Defense Journal 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


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