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Aeronautical Vehicles Commons

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Book Review: Fundamentals Of International Aviation, Alan Bender 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide

Book Review: Fundamentals Of International Aviation, Alan Bender

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Not applicable.


Development Of A Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Longitudinal Model For Future Flutter Testing, Said S. Hamada 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Development Of A Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Longitudinal Model For Future Flutter Testing, Said S. Hamada

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis presents the system identification of the longitudinal motion of a small unmanned aerial vehicle with flexible characteristics. The unmanned aerial vehicle of study is an off-the-shelf aircraft with limited knowledge about the dynamic model. The first task in obtaining a model for flutter testing is determining the rigid body model. Specifically, this thesis will focus in the development of the aircraft and obtaining the longitudinal rigid body model. This involves the assembly and configuration of the avionics and sensors, performing experiments to determine mass and inertia properties and using software tools for aerodynamic analysis to get preliminary values ...


Active Permanent Magnet Attitude Control For Cubesats Using Mu-Metal Shielding, Maxwell Martin 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Active Permanent Magnet Attitude Control For Cubesats Using Mu-Metal Shielding, Maxwell Martin

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Cube-Satellites (CubeSats) are nanosatellites composed of cube shaped units, each nominally 10cm to a side and around 1kg in mass. Due to their inherent size and weight limitations, it is often impractical to use conventional attitude, or rotational, control methods such as thrusters on these small satellites. Several methods, including magnetorquer rods and small reaction wheels, are often used instead of traditional methods to work around the size and weight limitations. As a new alternative to these methods, a permanent magnet mounted on a rotatable shaft could be used to achieve attitude control. In much the same way that a ...


Single Axis Stability Autonomous Glider Control, Brian Study 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Single Axis Stability Autonomous Glider Control, Brian Study

Student Works

To investigate and increase knowledge on autonomous control systems, an autonomous glider was fitted with a control system with the purpose of creating a craft that would be capable of maintaining a wings level condition despite perturbations to the trim condition. The glider measures bank angle and roll rate information from an accelerometer and gyro, before it relays the data to an equipped microcontroller. Programmed on the microcontroller is a control law to take the input from the sensors and issue a command to a single servo that controls both ailerons, allowing for the vehicle to autonomously correct its bank ...


Experimental Investigation Of A New Spiral Wingtip, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Aldeeb, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman 2018 International Islamic University - Malaysia

Experimental Investigation Of A New Spiral Wingtip, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Mohamed Aldeeb, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Experiments on the relative merits and demerits of slotted wingtips mimicking a bird’s primary feathers have been performed. The real emargination length of feather tips, their flexibility and curved shapes during cruise are considered in the present study. The experiments were performed at a Reynolds number of 3.7 x 105 on a symmetric flat plate half wing of aspect ratio 3. Lift, drag and pitching moments were measured using a six component aerodynamic balance. Four different shapes inspired by bird primary feathers have been analysed. The rigid curved tip performed the best increasing the L/D ratio ...


The Challenges Of Processing Kite Aerial Photography Imagery With Modern Photogrammetry Techniques, Jeremy W. Aber, Tyler A. Babb 2018 Middle Tennessee State University

The Challenges Of Processing Kite Aerial Photography Imagery With Modern Photogrammetry Techniques, Jeremy W. Aber, Tyler A. Babb

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Kite Aerial Photography (KAP) is a traditional method of collecting small-format aerial photography used for work in a variety of fields. This research explored techniques for processing KAP imagery with a focus on some of the challenges specific to photo processing. The performance of multiple automated image compositing programs was compared using a common set of 29 images. Those packages that were based on a photogrammetry approach outperformed the non-photogrammetric software, and generated similar levels of quality to one another. While all three photogrammetric packages produced satisfactory output, each had unique challenges.


Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Unmanned Aerial Systems: Research, Development, Education & Training At Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Michael P. Hickey

Publications

With technological breakthroughs in miniaturized aircraft-related components, including but not limited to communications, computer systems and sensors, state-of-the-art unmanned aerial systems (UAS) have become a reality. This fast-growing industry is anticipating and responding to a myriad of societal applications that will provide new and more cost-effective solutions that previous technologies could not, or will replace activities that involved humans in flight with associated risks.

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has a long history of aviation-related research and education, and is heavily engaged in UAS activities. This document provides a summary of these activities, and is divided into two parts. The first part ...


Robust Nonlinear Estimation And Control Applications Using Synthetic Jet Actuators, Natalie Ramos Pedroza 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Robust Nonlinear Estimation And Control Applications Using Synthetic Jet Actuators, Natalie Ramos Pedroza

Dissertations and Theses

Limit cycle oscillations (LCO), also known as utter, cause significant challenges in flight control of small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAVs), and could potentially lead to structural damage and catastrophic failures. LCO can be described as vibrational motions in the rocking, pitching and plunging displacements of an aircraft wing. To address this, the use of synthetic jet actuators (SJAs) in UAV flight control systems is becoming popular as a practical alternative and to mechanical deflection surfaces.

Synthetic jet actuators are promising tools for LCO suppression systems in small UAVs due to their small size, ease of operation, and low cost. Uncertainties ...


United States Drone Laws, Jacob Crittenden 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

United States Drone Laws, Jacob Crittenden

Student Works

The purpose of this Directed Study was to investigate and compile the drone laws that exist within the United States, both on the federal level and for each individual state. The federal laws are directed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) under laws that pertain to “Unmanned Aircraft Systems” (UAS) and are relatively new. Most states have further regulations on UAS that they have passed. Most of these laws are in place to protect public safety and privacy, but some also prohibit certain locations of flight and certain modifications that might be made to the platform. State laws that limit ...


The Shaping Of Things That Are: How Airplane Windows Took Their Shape, Morgan Lopez 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The Shaping Of Things That Are: How Airplane Windows Took Their Shape, Morgan Lopez

Student Works

Have you ever wondered why your airplane's windows are rounded? It is not for aesthetic appeal.

The first commercial jetliner windows' sole purpose was appearance; a squared window afforded an impressive view of the earth, but the view was not without consequence.


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (Uav): Flight Performance, Fevens Louis Jean 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (Uav): Flight Performance, Fevens Louis Jean

Student Works

It is important that when measuring the sideslip angle and angles of attack during flight test performance of a UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), to fully understand that the Angles of attack and sideslip are parameters that aid in determining the safety of the flight as they improve stability and control of the aircraft. The disadvantage of the measurement of these angles using this method is low accuracy of measurement due to friction to the potentiometers in connection with the vanes. To counter this, a new sensing method was developed to minimize friction and collect more accurate data. The method is ...


Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (‘Drones’) To Collect Data From Tagged Fishers In The Environment, Vu A. Pham, Marc Horney, Aaron Drake 2017 California State University, Sacramento

Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (‘Drones’) To Collect Data From Tagged Fishers In The Environment, Vu A. Pham, Marc Horney, Aaron Drake

STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations

Fisher (Pekania pennant) belongs to the weasel family. In October 2014, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to list the West Coast Distinct Population Segment of fisher as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. We wish to better define where fishers live within their habitats and use that information to improve conservation efforts. Previously, to track the behavior of wild fishers, researchers put tracker collars on the animals and relied on networks of fixed antennas on the ground in the environment to collect data. We are experimenting with using unmanned aerial vehicles (‘drones’) to collect data from tagged ...


Six Degrees Of Freedom From Six Degrees Of Separation: The History Of Flight Simulators, David Keck, Morgan Lopez 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Six Degrees Of Freedom From Six Degrees Of Separation: The History Of Flight Simulators, David Keck, Morgan Lopez

Publications

Some of today's advanced flight simulators have the capacity to provide pilots with experiences of six degrees of freedom: forward/backward, up/down, or left/right (or pitching, rolling, or yawing in either direction). These incredible devices are the product of over 100 years of design developments that come from a series of technological discoveries and historical events.


Experimental Data Analysis Of The Vortex Structures In The Wakes Of Flapping Wings, Kai Wang, Umesh Vaidya, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Hui Hu 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Data Analysis Of The Vortex Structures In The Wakes Of Flapping Wings, Kai Wang, Umesh Vaidya, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Hui Hu

Umesh Vaidya

The objective of this paper is to compare the existing methods and develop novel approaches for the experimental data analysis of the unsteady aerodynamics of the flapping wing microaerial-vehicle. These methods are developed for the purpose of identification of the beneficial dynamics and for the development of reduced order models for control design. We first employ Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) method for the data analysis of the PIV measurements in the wakes of piezoelectric flapping wings. The basic idea behind POD based data analysis method is to decompose the time series snapshots of PIV measurements into high energy, POD, modes ...


Experimental Data Analysis Of The Vortex Structures In The Wakes Of Flapping Wings, Kai Wang, Umesh Vaidya, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Hui Hu 2017 Iowa State University

Experimental Data Analysis Of The Vortex Structures In The Wakes Of Flapping Wings, Kai Wang, Umesh Vaidya, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Hui Hu

Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

The objective of this paper is to compare the existing methods and develop novel approaches for the experimental data analysis of the unsteady aerodynamics of the flapping wing microaerial-vehicle. These methods are developed for the purpose of identification of the beneficial dynamics and for the development of reduced order models for control design. We first employ Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) method for the data analysis of the PIV measurements in the wakes of piezoelectric flapping wings. The basic idea behind POD based data analysis method is to decompose the time series snapshots of PIV measurements into high energy, POD, modes ...


Wing Deflection Analysis Of 3d Printed Wind Tunnel Models, Matthew G. Paul 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Wing Deflection Analysis Of 3d Printed Wind Tunnel Models, Matthew G. Paul

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This work investigates the feasibility of producing small scale, low aerodynamic loading wind tunnel models, using FDM 3D printing methods, that are both structurally and aerodynamically representative in the wind tunnel. To verify the applicability of this approach, a 2.07% scale model of the NASA CRM was produced, whose wings were manufacturing using a Finite Deposition Modeling 3D printer. Experimental data was compared to numerical simulations to determine percent difference in wake distribution and wingtip deflection for multiple configurations.

Numerical simulation data taken in the form of CFD and FEA was used to validate data taken in the wind ...


Deployable Antenna For Cubesat, Mackenzie Thomas Lennon, Caleb Andrew Barber, David Matthew Galves 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Deployable Antenna For Cubesat, Mackenzie Thomas Lennon, Caleb Andrew Barber, David Matthew Galves

Mechanical Engineering

This project is a proof-of-concept ground model of a large deployable antenna designed for the small space requirements of CubeSats. This small deployment module is designed to fit a 2 m by 1 m reflective antenna inside a storage volume of with the dimensions 20 cm by 20 cm x 40 cm. The reflector will be deployed to a parabolic shape with the goal of modeling the reflector necessary for high frequency communication. Because this module is designed as a proof-of-concept for the deployable parabolic reflector specifically, no electrical components will be incorporated and will just focus on the deployment ...


Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft: Future Stol Aircraft For Interconnectivity Of The Malaysian Islands, Anwar ul Haque, Waqar Asrar, Ashraf Ali Omar, Erwin Sulaeman, Jaffar Syed Mohamed Ali 2017 International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)

Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft: Future Stol Aircraft For Interconnectivity Of The Malaysian Islands, Anwar Ul Haque, Waqar Asrar, Ashraf Ali Omar, Erwin Sulaeman, Jaffar Syed Mohamed Ali

Journal of Aviation Technology and Engineering

Hybrid buoyant aircraft are new to the arena of air travel. They have the potential to boost the industry by leveraging new emerging lighter-than-air (LTA) and heavier-than-air (HTA) technologies. Hybrid buoyant aircraft are possible substitutes for jet and turbo-propeller aircraft currently utilized in aviation, and this manuscript is a country-specific (Malaysia) analysis to determine their potential market, assessing the tourism, business, agricultural, and airport transfer needs of such vehicles. A political, economic, social, and technological factors (PEST) analysis was also conducted to determine the impact of PEST parameters on the development of buoyant aircraft and to assess all existing problems ...


Literature Review: Biomimetic And Conventional Aircraft Wing Tips, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman 2017 International Islamic University - Malaysia

Literature Review: Biomimetic And Conventional Aircraft Wing Tips, Naseeb Ahmed Siddiqui, Waqar Asrar, Erwin Sulaeman

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

This paper is an attempt to summarize the effect of wing tip devices employed by birds, as well as aeronautical engineers in the past to improve the performance characteristics of aircraft. The focus is on reduction of the induced drag or drag due to lift also known as inviscid drag. This paper will provide an insight on both biomimetic and conventional wing tip approaches to reduce the induced drag. Prior analysis and experiments on the aerodynamics of airplane performance due to both these separate studies have been discussed. The needs of the industry and their past inventions have been described ...


Angle Of Attack Determination Using Inertial Navigation System Data From Flight Tests, Jack Kevin Ly 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Angle Of Attack Determination Using Inertial Navigation System Data From Flight Tests, Jack Kevin Ly

Masters Theses

Engineers and pilots rely on mechanical flow angle vanes on air data probes to determine the angle of attack of the aircraft in flight. These probes, however, are costly, come with inherent measurement errors, affect the flight characteristics of the aircraft, and are potentially dangerous in envelope expansion flights. Advances in the accuracy, usability, and affordability of inertial navigation systems allow for angle of attack to be determined accurately without direct measurement of the airflow around the aircraft. Utilizing an algorithm developed from aircraft equations of motion, a post-flight data review is completed as the first step in proving the ...


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