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起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin McDonnell 2018 University of San Francisco

起死回生(Resuscitation): Japan's Search For Machines And Their Meanings, Justin Mcdonnell

Master's Projects and Capstones

Japan’s lost decade(s) ushered in a new era of economic and societal malaise, marked by a shrinking population, an increased proportion of elderly people, inequality, neo-nationalism(s), uncertainty, and isolation. This project seeks to understand how Japan is trying to address these issues and reconstruct itself from the lost decade(s) with the use of artificial intelligence (jinkou chihou) and robotics along with the societal implications of this technology. This interdisciplinary research utilizes innovative, historical narratives (Morris-Suzuki,1988, Hornyak 2006), and the socio-cultural milieu of Japan and its traditions (Allison 2013; Katsuno 2010) to further appreciate and acknowledge ...


The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav 2018 University of San Francisco

The Significance Of Mongolia's Foreign Policy And Security Apparatus On A Global And Regional Scale, Bolor Lkhaajav

Master's Projects and Capstones

Mongolia, land-locked between two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations — Russia and China — often must balance its foreign and security policies with its two neighbors and countries beyond. When discussing Mongolia’s foreign policy and security apparatus, historians and scholars look at the international relations of East Asia as a whole. This is the case not because Mongolia’s foreign policy is insignificant but because greater powers impose greater influence on smaller states. Mongolia’s partial involvement in World War II (WWII), and the Cold War introduced new challenges as well as opportunities for Mongolia to modernize its foreign policy ...


Clarence Irving And The Rediscovery Of Black America, Robert D. Parmet 2018 CUNY York College

Clarence Irving And The Rediscovery Of Black America, Robert D. Parmet

Publications and Research

Clarence L. Irving, Sr., a retired machinist, founded an archive of African American music at York College, CUNY. He also managed and coached a New York City sandlot baseball team, the Bisons, and conceived the idea of placing the images of African American women on United States postage stamps.


Literarische Filmsimulation: Heinrich Eduard Jacobs Medienphilosophische Filmästhetik In "Blut Und Zelluloid", Paula Vosse 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Literarische Filmsimulation: Heinrich Eduard Jacobs Medienphilosophische Filmästhetik In "Blut Und Zelluloid", Paula Vosse

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Heinrich Eduard Jacob´s novel Blut und Zelluloid was published in 1929 and therefore mostly reviewed as a critical artwork regarding European film-propaganda before the outbreak of the Second World War. This thesis provides the interested scholar with a different approach: It discusses Jacob´s media-philosophical method to simulate the upcoming medium film in literature. With his implicitly and explicitly organized systems of diverse media, he circumvents constraints of the Paragone-discourse and offers a well-balanced literary construction.

Jacob´s method is compared with Pinthus´ Kinobuch and Pirandello´s Shoot!, while Simmel and Benjamin provide the thesis with a fundament to ...


Great Lakes Or Middle West: The 1936-37 Great Lakes Exposition And Regional Identity, Kenneth J. Bindas 2018 Kent State University

Great Lakes Or Middle West: The 1936-37 Great Lakes Exposition And Regional Identity, Kenneth J. Bindas

Studies in Midwestern History

During the 1930s regional identities were especially pronounced as the ravages of the economic collapse encouraged the reevaluation of national, regional, and local identities, often linked with FDR’s appeal for unity and as a way to better understand and distribute the largesse of federal aid money that began filtering down to the people. There was considerable discussion about remaking the country along regional lines, creating what Edward Barrows called the “United Regions of America.” Given the complexity of modern society, “the reorganization” of the country was “inevitable” as a result of “natural, orderly social growth.” (See Edward M. Barrows ...


Trump And The Midwest: The 2016 Presidential Election And The Avenues Of Midwestern Historiography, Jon K. Lauck 2018 University of South Dakota

Trump And The Midwest: The 2016 Presidential Election And The Avenues Of Midwestern Historiography, Jon K. Lauck

Studies in Midwestern History

Perhaps the biggest story of the surprising 2016 presidential election was Donald Trump’s victories in the Midwest. Trump won Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, and Ohio, all of which Barack Obama had won in both 2008 and 2012. Wisconsin had not voted for the Republican candidate for president since the Reagan 49-state landslide of 1984 and Michigan had not since 1988. Iowa had supported Michael Dukakis, Bill Clinton twice, and narrowly supported Al Gore in 2000 and George Bush in 2004 before voting for Obama twice. Ohio served as a classic bellwether and had voted to support the winner of the ...


The Origins And Progress Of The Midwestern History Association, 2013-2016, Jon K. Lauck 2018 Midwestern History Association

The Origins And Progress Of The Midwestern History Association, 2013-2016, Jon K. Lauck

Studies in Midwestern History

In the modern electronic din of emails and texts and tweets and instant messages it can be difficult to keep track of the long-term trajectory of day-to-day work and ongoing projects. With this difficulty in mind, and for the sake of giving some permanence to the memories of the past few years, I submit this chronicle about recent efforts to revive the field of Midwestern history via the creation of the Midwestern History Association. I hope this review and the commentary and recommendations included therein prove useful to the leaders in the field and the emerging scholars who are seeking ...


'Just Call Me Bill': William Taft Brings Spectacle Politics To The Midwest, Jeffrey Bourdon 2018 University of Mississippi

'Just Call Me Bill': William Taft Brings Spectacle Politics To The Midwest, Jeffrey Bourdon

Studies in Midwestern History

Historians long rated William Howard Taft’s campaigning ability during the 1908 presidential contest as below average and in need of Theodore Roosevelt’s resuscitation. Recently, they have given Taft more credit for his electioneering appearances. Taft’s ability to teach out to voters was vital to his candidacy because he ran at a time in American political history when the ability to deliver charismatic speeches and shake hands was put at a premium by larger-than-life candidates such as Roosevelt, William Jennings Bryan, and Eugene Debs.

Taft toured several regions during the campaign, including the Midwest, the South, the Mid-Atlantic ...


A History Of The Missouri Conference On History, 1959-2016, James N. Giglio 2018 Missouri State University

A History Of The Missouri Conference On History, 1959-2016, James N. Giglio

Studies in Midwestern History

The Missouri Conference on History (MCOH) emerged in 1959 and has continued without missing a year, despite undergoing organizational changes over time. Many individuals have contributed to make it one of the most successful state conferences ever. This is a story worth telling, especially at time when many people are reconsidering the history of the Midwest and how to support the infrastructure necessary to promote the study of that history.


Escaping Cupcake Land, Mark Vinz 2018 Minnesota State University Moorhead

Escaping Cupcake Land, Mark Vinz

Studies in Midwestern History

Even though America is made up of many distinct regions, the homogenization of our culture is causing us to lose any meaningful sense of place, which includes history and literature (which have been inseparably linked in the past). A case in point is the part of Kansas City known as “The Plaza” and the surrounding suburbs on the Kansas side of the state line, as chronicled by Richard Rhodes in his book Inland Ground: An Evocation of the American Middle West (revised edition, 1991). Rhodes and others remind us that Wallace Stegner’s dictum “I may not know who I ...


From Sandhurst To Rural Iowa: The Education Of A Prairie Historian, Mark Friedberger 2018 Grand Valley State University

From Sandhurst To Rural Iowa: The Education Of A Prairie Historian, Mark Friedberger

Studies in Midwestern History

This essay describes how someone from the UK, and with a poor academic background, became interested in the history of the Middle West. In the 1980s when the federal government was flush for funds, it was possible to do historical research on soft money. The author survived for fifteen years writing and researching rural topics with grants from agencies like the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Institutes of Health. Eventually after publishing the results of these explorations, he secured an academic teaching job.


The Funeral Of Beloved Hoosier Poet, James Whitcomb Riley, John E. Miller 2018 South Dakota State University

The Funeral Of Beloved Hoosier Poet, James Whitcomb Riley, John E. Miller

Studies in Midwestern History

The funeral of popular Indiana poet James Whitcomb Riley in July 1916 was more than a statewide event (before him, only Abraham Lincoln and a general who had fought in the Spanish-American War had been accorded the honor of having their body lie in state in the rotunda of the state capitol). It was a national commemoration, generating thousands of newspaper articles, editorials, and expressions of grief and appreciation. Eulogized as a secular saint for his cheerfulness, high-mindedness, insight, and generosity, he was beloved for the poems that he had written extolling the simple virtues and the hardy characters of ...


Materially Strengthened: The Minnesota Historical Society And Providing Field Services, David M. Grabiske, David J. Nichols III 2018 Minnesota Historical Society

Materially Strengthened: The Minnesota Historical Society And Providing Field Services, David M. Grabiske, David J. Nichols Iii

Studies in Midwestern History

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin created a uniquely Midwestern public history profession in 1896. Minnesota Historical Society, much as other Midwestern state historical s ocieties would, has used Field Services since 1916 to better serve the public by distributing the capacity to save and share history. Flowing from the Northwest Ordinance, creating local repositories for history and publishing local history furthered education and identity for Midwesterners in general, and Minnesotans specifically. Minnesota tenaciously pursued a county historical society for every county, first on project funding and later had the first full time funding for the work. Since 1981 all ...


"If The Situation Seemed Insurmountable, I Always Wanted To Be There": Virginia Coffey, A Midwest Human Relations Pioneer, Phillip J. Obermiller, Thomas E. Wagner 2018 University of Cincinnati

"If The Situation Seemed Insurmountable, I Always Wanted To Be There": Virginia Coffey, A Midwest Human Relations Pioneer, Phillip J. Obermiller, Thomas E. Wagner

Studies in Midwestern History

The devastating 1943 rioting in Detroit led to the formation of municipal human relations committees across the country, and among the oldest of these was the Cincinnati Mayor’s Friendly Relations Committee. Five years after its founding, executive director Marshall Bragdon ensured that the MFRC would continue to be a force for racial equality by hiring Virginia Coffey to be assistant director.

Virginia Coffey would go on to make important contributions to human relations internationally through her consulting work in England and nationally as a board member of the National Association of Intergroup Relations Officials. Coffey was appointed the executive ...


Writing With A Chip On Your Shoulder: Some Notes On Regionalism, Mark Vinz 2018 Minnesota State University Moorhead

Writing With A Chip On Your Shoulder: Some Notes On Regionalism, Mark Vinz

Studies in Midwestern History

Unfortunately, many Midwestern writers are used to being labeled “regional” in a pejorative sense. In the past, many have indeed left the Midwest because the region offered far fewer possibilities than the coasts (e.g., Hemingway, Cather, Lewis, and Fitzgerald). Thanks to such things as the development of literary small presses and MFA and history programs, this has begun to change—witness such important writers as Ted Kooser and Louise Erdrich who have stayed in the Midwest and written about the richness of material they find right here at “home.” More than ever, we—writers and readers alike—need to ...


Omaha's Missouri Valley History Conference, 1958-2009: An Intellectual History, Oliver B. Pollak, Harl A. Dalstrom 2018 University of Nebraska-Omaha

Omaha's Missouri Valley History Conference, 1958-2009: An Intellectual History, Oliver B. Pollak, Harl A. Dalstrom

Studies in Midwestern History

The history conference, the profession’s agora, is an overlooked phenomenon in the sociology of knowledge and epistemology. Following the Royal Historical Society, New England antiquarian societies, and the American Historical Association, hundreds of state and county historical societies sprouted up across the nation throughout the nineteenth century. By the end of the twentieth century, annual history conferences were both regional (including the Southern, Northern Great Plains, and Western) and thematic (including conferences on religion, colonial America, and railroads). This phenomena includes the Missouri Valley History Conference (MVHC). This article examines the MVHC, which is still ongoing, from its launch ...


A Catholic History Of The Heartland: The Rise And Fall Of Mid-America: A Historical Review, Theodore J. Karamanski 2018 Loyola University Chicago

A Catholic History Of The Heartland: The Rise And Fall Of Mid-America: A Historical Review, Theodore J. Karamanski

Studies in Midwestern History

This article traces the evolution of a historical journal sponsored by Loyola University Chicago from 1918 to 2002 that in part focused on the Catholic history of the Midwest region. In 1918 in response to the centennial of Illinois statehood the Illinois Catholic Historical Review was founded. Its purpose to ensure that the role of Catholics in the formation and growth of Illinois was properly acknowledged. It came at a time when the Catholic Church was widely identified with foreign-born immigrants. In 1929 the journal changed its name to Mid-America: An Historical Review. Inspired by the work of Herbert Eugene ...


Better A Familiar Evil Than An Unfamiliar Blessing: Contra Peasantry In Nicaragua 1979-90, Jackson Deterding 2018 University of Wyoming

Better A Familiar Evil Than An Unfamiliar Blessing: Contra Peasantry In Nicaragua 1979-90, Jackson Deterding

Honors Theses AY 17/18

Although the Contras exhibited appalling human rights violations while accepting hefty sums of money, weapons, logistical support, and U.S. man-power, much literature has succinctly removed any possibility for further analysis as to who the Contras were. It is the objective of this paper to break through this fairly inattentive, dwindling research and delve into the multifaceted, understudied topic of rural peasantry within the Contra conflict, 1979-90. When factoring that peasants constituted the bulk of foot-soldiers in the Contra ranks, their foundation was much more complex than initially understood. Underrepresented and reasonably voiceless in Nicaragua, rural peasants linked together in ...


The Shapers Of Memory: The Theatrics Of Islamic Historiography, Aaron M. Hagler 2018 Troy University

The Shapers Of Memory: The Theatrics Of Islamic Historiography, Aaron M. Hagler

Mathal

This paper employs and describes an experimental methodology of viewing medieval Arabic authors through the lens of stage actor performance theory. In particular, it argues that semi-canonical writings, such as al-Ṭabarī’s History of the Prophets and Kings, become the “script” that later authors, such as Ibn al-Athīr and Ibn Kathīr “perform” as actors. This methodology is novel, and argues that by examining the changes authors made to narratives presented in earlier Arabic texts, we can draw important conclusions about the authors’ opinions of the relative importance of narrative elements, the authors’ literary-narrative strategies for endowing memories with meaning, and ...


Marching On Together: The Future Of Non-Profit Museums In A For-Profit World, Matthew R. Dellaguzzo 2018 Seton Hall University

Marching On Together: The Future Of Non-Profit Museums In A For-Profit World, Matthew R. Dellaguzzo

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis proposes a model of increased collaboration among museums as an alternative to the commercialization of the museum field. Through a combination of internal and external factors, museums are finding it necessary to operate in a manner akin to that of commercial enterprises. This trend threatens to undermine the cultural and educational mission of museums. At the same time, the ability of museums to carry out their missions necessarily depends on a solid financial base. Collaboration, whether in the form of consortia or consolidated institutions, provides an avenue whereby museums can not only make more economical use of their ...


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