Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1787 Full-Text Articles 597 Authors 374932 Downloads 132 Institutions

All Articles in Other History

Faceted Search

1787 full-text articles. Page 28 of 30.

Building Social Movement Unionism: The Transformation Of The American Labor Movement, Lowell Turner, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

Building Social Movement Unionism: The Transformation Of The American Labor Movement, Lowell Turner, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] In the United States, the renewed energy displayed by the labor movement is particularly promising. From organizing drives to strike victories to legislative campaigns, labor's renewed influence in the American political economy is clearly seen. A labor movement that was left for dead by many in the Reagan era has developed new leadership and innovative strategies for rank-and-file mobilization and political clout. In a global economy dominated to a large extent by American-based multinational corporations, the world needs a strong American labor movement. The goal of the new activists, young and old, who drive today's labor campaigns ...


Overcoming Obstacles To Transformation: Challenges On The Way To A New Unionism, Bill Fletcher, Richard Hurd 2010 Institute for Policy Studies

Overcoming Obstacles To Transformation: Challenges On The Way To A New Unionism, Bill Fletcher, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] The change to organizing requires more than a shift in resources. It is difficult to imagine a sustained commitment to organizing at the grass roots unless locals have the tools, skills, and strategic perspective necessary to mount successful organizing campaigns. Ultimately the commitment to building the labor movement inherent in the organizing priority challenges unions to alter organizational cultures that are often deeply imbued with traditional and conservative approaches to trade unionism. The struggle to succeed at organizing, to maintain representation, and to alter union culture is forcing national unions to define their role in this process and to ...


Using Social Networking Tools To Promote Genealogy And Local History Collections And To Instruct Researchers In Their Use, Andrew Smith 2010 University of South Florida

Using Social Networking Tools To Promote Genealogy And Local History Collections And To Instruct Researchers In Their Use, Andrew Smith

Andrew M Smith

Libraries with genealogy and local history collections spend a great deal of time and effort in collecting, preserving, cataloging, indexing, digitizing, and providing access to their materials. However, these activities may be wasted if potential researchers are unaware of the existence of these materials, or are lacking the knowledge and skills to navigate the materials. Many libraries have long used traditional methods to market their collections, such as printed newsletters, and to educate their patrons, such as printed handouts and face-to-face workshops. These methods are increasingly expensive, time-consuming, and limited in their audience reach.

This paper describes a wide variety ...


Matai Nosad Ha-Defus Ha-`Ivri Be-Qraqov? [Hebrew: When Did Hebrew Printing Begin In Cracow?], Magda Teter, Edward Fram 2010 Wesleyan University

Matai Nosad Ha-Defus Ha-`Ivri Be-Qraqov? [Hebrew: When Did Hebrew Printing Begin In Cracow?], Magda Teter, Edward Fram

Magda Teter

The article challenges the common assumption that the first Hebrew book printed in Poland was a Bible printed in 1530. They discuss a book of Selihot (prayers) now in the Ossolinski library in Wroclaw, which was fraudulently dated as published in 1532 but was most certainly published after 1537. The authors carefully establish that the assumption of the 1530 Bible was a result of a bibliographic error that was repeated by scholars over two centuries. They conclude that Hebrew printing was not established in Poland before 1534 when Shaarei Dura was published.


Witchcraft Mythologies And Persecutions (Review), Michael D. Bailey 2010 Iowa State University

Witchcraft Mythologies And Persecutions (Review), Michael D. Bailey

History Publications

This volume is the third in a series deriving from a conference held in Budapest in 1999. While the first volume focused on communication with spirits and spirit possession, and the second examined the place of demons and spirits in learned demonology and common belief (see reviews in Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft 1.2 [2006]: 257–60; 3.1 [2008]: 99–101), this volume deals directly with the topic of witchcraft, which the editors identify as "the most central theme of our conference" (p. 1). As in the previous volumes, most of the articles collected here focus on the early ...


La Puissance Des Mots – “Virtus Verborum”: Débats Doctrinaux Sur Le Pouvoir Des Incantations Au Moyen Âge (Review), Michael D. Bailey 2010 Iowa State University

La Puissance Des Mots – “Virtus Verborum”: Débats Doctrinaux Sur Le Pouvoir Des Incantations Au Moyen Âge (Review), Michael D. Bailey

History Publications

For all that magicians sometimes employed signs, symbols, gestures, stones, or herbs, spoken spells still comprise the most pervasive magical device in Western culture. The very ubiquity of verbal formulas in many forms of magical operation make words a difficult subject for scholars to grasp. In this impressive study, Béatrice Delaurenti takes a carefully limited approach. As her subtitle indicates, she examines intellectual debates about the power of words in the Middle Ages. In fact, she focuses on a period of intense debate that lasted, in her analysis, from around 1230 to around 1370. These dates mark important "parentheses," as ...


The Natural And The Supernatural In The Middle Ages, Michael D. Bailey 2010 Iowa State University

The Natural And The Supernatural In The Middle Ages, Michael D. Bailey

History Publications

This volume emerged from the Wiles Lectures delivered at Queen's University, Belfast, in 2006, and the four chapters of the work retain their original character. The tone is light and breezy throughout. Complex problems are rendered accessible, such that the book might work well in advanced undergraduate courses dealing with medieval science, intellectual culture, or magic. The topic Bartlett tackles is obviously enormous, and in the scope of four short lectures, he can only begin to address the many profound issues that arise from serious consideration of what the Middle Ages meant by "natural" and "supernatural." Experts will not ...


(Re)Imagining Taiwan: Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism In Film And Literature, 1970-1990s, Keith Goodwin 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

(Re)Imagining Taiwan: Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism In Film And Literature, 1970-1990s, Keith Goodwin

History

The study of Taiwan's history is permeated by questions of identity. Since 1600, the island has been, among other things, a Dutch colonial outpost, a refuge for Ming loyalists, a provincial frontier of the Qing Dynasty, a Japanese colony, and, since the end of World War II, the home of the Republic of China (ROC). However, sixty years after Taiwan's "retrocession" to the government of Chiang Kai-shek, questions of Taiwan's cultural and national identity persist.

This paper takes the 1970s to be an important turning point in Taiwan's identity discourse. Beginning with a discussion of the ...


(Re)Imagining Taiwan: Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism In Film And Literature, 1970-1990s, Keith Goodwin 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

(Re)Imagining Taiwan: Taiwanese Cultural Nationalism In Film And Literature, 1970-1990s, Keith Goodwin

Keith Goodwin

The study of Taiwan's history is permeated by questions of identity. Since 1600, the island has been, among other things, a Dutch colonial outpost, a refuge for Ming loyalists, a provincial frontier of the Qing Dynasty, a Japanese colony, and, since the end of World War II, the home of the Republic of China (ROC). However, sixty years after Taiwan's "retrocession" to the government of Chiang Kai-shek, questions of Taiwan's cultural and national identity persist.

This paper takes the 1970s to be an important turning point in Taiwan's identity discourse. Beginning with a discussion of the ...


Unionization Of Professional And Technical Workers: The Labor Market And Institutional Transformation, Richard Hurd, John Bunge 2010 Cornell University

Unionization Of Professional And Technical Workers: The Labor Market And Institutional Transformation, Richard Hurd, John Bunge

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Established institutions that serve the interests of white-collar workers find themselves at a critical juncture. On the one hand they can foresee the potential to augment membership and influence. On the other hand, they confront the reality of reconfigured labor markets. Growth (and indeed survival) is contingent upon being able to adapt to the changing needs and interests of professional and technical workers. The combination of technological advances and alterations in the functioning of white-collar markets suggests strategic reconceptualization and institutional transformation. This chapter explores the attitudes of professional and technical workers toward their jobs and labor market organizations ...


[Review Of The Twilight Of The Old Unionism], Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

[Review Of The Twilight Of The Old Unionism], Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Leo Troy is known for the penetrating questions he raises about the role of unions and the institutionalized collective bargaining system. A skeptical voice among industrial relations scholars, he was one of the first to proclaim the late twentieth century collapse of unions in the U.S. private sector. This book presents a no-holds- barred version of his thesis that irrepressible economic forces have overpowered legal protections to render unions obsolete. It is the third installment of Troy’s self-described “trilogy on labor relations in the United States.” Unfortunately, this is the weakest of the three, lacking both the ...


Dueling Federations: U.S. Labor In 2006, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

Dueling Federations: U.S. Labor In 2006, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Labor unity in the U.S. lasted exactly half a century. At the convention to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the 1955 merger of the American Federation of Labor with the Congress of Industrial Organizations, bitterness and rebellion swept away plans of celebration. On the eve of the August 2005 event in Chicago, seven major unions announced that they would break away from the AFL-CIO. Six weeks later they formally established the Change to Win federation, spawning both proclamations of labor’s rebirth and simultaneous warnings of the movement’s destruction.


Neutrality Agreements: Innovative, Controversial, And Labor’S Hope For The Future, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

Neutrality Agreements: Innovative, Controversial, And Labor’S Hope For The Future, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] In spite of the criticisms, there can be little doubt that labor’s campaigns to achieve and enforce neutrality agreements offer hope that the long-term decline in union density actually can be reversed. A high-profile example of a strategic blend of bargaining and organizing demonstrates the potential of this approach.


The Origins, Effectiveness And Future Of Neutrality Agreements, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

The Origins, Effectiveness And Future Of Neutrality Agreements, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] The 2006 hotel campaign epitomizes the contemporary union practice of bargaining to organize. As was the case with HWR, unions often use a comprehensive strategic approach that includes research, publicity, mobilization, and various forms of leverage to secure key bargaining objectives that address the concerns of current members and facilitate new organizing. In particular, the neutrality agreements secured by UNITE-HERE are by no means unique, but reflect the established consensus that employer commitments to forsake standard union avoidance techniques are essential to organizing success. This article explains the recent trend toward such agreements, examines their effectiveness, and considers their ...


In Defense Of Public Service: Union Strategy In Transition, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

In Defense Of Public Service: Union Strategy In Transition, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Public sector unions have displayed healthy durability for the past twenty years, apparently immune to the economic and political forces that have buffeted the broader labor movement. While unions in the private economy have lost power and seen density decline by more than half, unions of government workers have retained influence and market share. Early in the twenty first century there are signs that this era of relative comfort may be coming to an end. In the 1980s private sector unions were sent reeling by the combined forces of globalization, deregulation and increased management hostility. Today their public sector ...


Collective Bargaining In The Era Of Grocery Industry Restructuring, Richard W. Hurd 2010 Cornell University

Collective Bargaining In The Era Of Grocery Industry Restructuring, Richard W. Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] As UFCW international and local leaders know from first hand experience, there have been dramatic changes in the retail grocery industry over the past 15 years. Of most direct relevance to the collective bargaining environment, the absolute size of key corporations has increased and economic power in the industry has become more concentrated. Influenced by the spread of Wal-Mart's grocery operations, established companies like Kroger, Safeway, Supervalu, and Loblaw have pursued aggressive merger and market expansion strategies. Further complicating the situation has been the success of other alternative format grocers (such as Costco, Trader Joe's, Whole Foods ...


Organizing To Win: Introduction, Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard W. Hurd, Rudolph A. Oswald, Ronald L. Seeber 2010 Cornell University

Organizing To Win: Introduction, Kate Bronfenbrenner, Sheldon Friedman, Richard W. Hurd, Rudolph A. Oswald, Ronald L. Seeber

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] The American labor movement is at a watershed. For the first time since the early years of industrial unionism sixty years ago, there is near-universal agreement among union leaders that the future of the movement depends on massive new organizing. In October 1995, John Sweeney, Richard Trumka, and Linda Chavez-Thompson were swept into the top offices of the AFL-CIO, following a campaign that promised organizing "at an unprecedented pace and scale." Since taking office, the new AFL-CIO leadership team has created a separate organizing department and has committed $20 million to support coordinated large-scale industry-based organizing drives. In addition ...


The Failure Of Organizing, The New Unity Partnership And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

The Failure Of Organizing, The New Unity Partnership And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] The New Unity Partnership (NUP) has stirred up a firestorm of controversy in union circles. Its inception can be traced to the July 4th holiday in 2003 when five national union presidents gathered for a candid private discussion about the future of the labor movement. The motivation for the summit was concern about the collective inability of unions to reverse their fading fortunes. At this and subsequent meetings the unions considered structural and strategic options to promote union growth, ultimately committing to a form of mutual aid pact to pool resources for coordinated organizing initiatives and to support each ...


The Rise And Fall Of The Organizing Model In The U.S., Richard Hurd 2010 Cornell University

The Rise And Fall Of The Organizing Model In The U.S., Richard Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] Much of the strategic debate in the U.S. has revolved around the organizing model, which is associated with more activist, grassroots methods of organizing and member mobilization. In spite of widespread endorsement of this model, the reality is that rhetoric has far outpaced action and mobilization is still a relatively isolated phenomenon. Furthermore, with only occasional pauses union density has continued its downward trend, especially in the private sector. This chapter reviews the evolution of recent union strategy in the U.S., with particular attention to organizational change initiated to promote the organizing priority. It also assesses the ...


Contesting The Dinosaur Image: The Labor Movement’S Search For A Future, Richard W. Hurd 2010 Cornell University

Contesting The Dinosaur Image: The Labor Movement’S Search For A Future, Richard W. Hurd

Richard W Hurd

[Excerpt] But the increased effectiveness of labor's political activities has not resulted in major improvements legislatively, and now there is a hostile President who opposes nearly every aspect of the union policy agenda. The promise for the future lies in the demonstrated ability to mobilize at the grassroots. But there are recent signs that national unions are breaking ranks and pursuing narrow self interest. The USWA joined with the steel industry to persuade the Bush administration to restrict imports, and even hinted at a possible endorsement for his reelection in 2004 (Murray). The UMWA has praised the president's ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress