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4,438 full-text articles. Page 113 of 114.

Census 2010 And Human Services And Community Development, Mark Salling, Jenita McGowan 2010 Cleveland State University

Census 2010 And Human Services And Community Development, Mark Salling, Jenita Mcgowan

Urban Publications

Census 2010 and Human Services and Community Development, Planning & Action, The Center for Community Solutions, Vol. 63, No. 2 (March), 2010, pp 1-4.


A Brief Portrait Of Multimodal Transportation Planning In Oregon And The Path To Achieving It, 1890-1974, Carl Abbott, Sam Lowry 2010 Portland State University

A Brief Portrait Of Multimodal Transportation Planning In Oregon And The Path To Achieving It, 1890-1974, Carl Abbott, Sam Lowry

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

This project was designed to outline transportation chapters of a planned written history of Oregon land use planning, written in ways that would make the transportation planning profession relevant to a popular audience. The writing would focus on stories from the profession, and on historical facts and events in Oregon transportation planning history that would surprise or enlighten popular reading audiences. Technology transfer would occur through publication of one or more written pieces of work.

The result is a topical and historical tale entitled "A Brief Portrait of Multimodal Transportation Planning in Oregon and the Path to Achieving It, 1890-1974 ...


Facing The Foreclosure Crisis In Greater Cleveland: What Happened And How Communities Are Responding, Claudia Coulton, Kathryn W. Hexter, April Hirsh, Anne O’Shaughnessy, Francisca G.C. Richter, Michael Schramm 2010 Cleveland State University

Facing The Foreclosure Crisis In Greater Cleveland: What Happened And How Communities Are Responding, Claudia Coulton, Kathryn W. Hexter, April Hirsh, Anne O’Shaughnessy, Francisca G.C. Richter, Michael Schramm

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


What’S Missing In Theories Of The Residential Energy User, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser 2010 Portland State University

What’S Missing In Theories Of The Residential Energy User, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Residential energy use has been envisioned in varied ways, each highlighting different factors and capturing a partial truth. This paper outlines assumptions of core theories about household energy use. It gives an abbreviated list of major empirical findings framed by these theories. It then identifies a new set of "blind spots" created by overly-simple reliance on models and by data shortcomings that in combination may block development of a more sophisticated understanding of energy use. Policies and program strategies, in turn, can become oriented toward simplistic approaches to change. We point to the need for improved interpretation and elaboration of ...


Sticky Points In Modeling Household Energy Consumption, Loren Lutzenhiser, Mithra Moezzi, David Hungerford, Rafael Friedmann 2010 Portland State University

Sticky Points In Modeling Household Energy Consumption, Loren Lutzenhiser, Mithra Moezzi, David Hungerford, Rafael Friedmann

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

A variety of approaches have been proposed to explaining individual household energy consumption, its variation, and its potential reduction. Some focus on technology, some on costs, and some on a combination of behaviors, attitudes, intentions, and norms. All try to make sense of a problem that, from a modeling perspective, involves hundreds of potentially important factors, yet is supported by highly inadequate or at best selective data. While there is value in "doing the best one can" with the resources at hand, building a defensible science requires a cold hard look at the quality of theory, research and data. This ...


The Winners In China’S Urban Housing Reform, John R. Logan, Yiping Fang, Zhanxin Zhang 2010 Brown University

The Winners In China’S Urban Housing Reform, John R. Logan, Yiping Fang, Zhanxin Zhang

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based ...


Robust Placement Of Sensors In Dynamic Water Distribution Systems, Jianhua Xu, Michael Johnson, Paul Fischbeck, Mitchell Small, Jeanne VanBriesen 2009 University of Massachusetts - Boston

Robust Placement Of Sensors In Dynamic Water Distribution Systems, Jianhua Xu, Michael Johnson, Paul Fischbeck, Mitchell Small, Jeanne Vanbriesen

Michael P. Johnson

Designing a robust sensor network to detect accidental contaminants in water distribution systems is a challenge given the uncertain nature of the contamination events (what, how much, when, where and for how long) and the dynamic nature of water distribution systems (driven by the random consumption of consumers). We formulate a set of scenario-based minimax and minimax regret models in order to provide robust sensor-placement schemes that perform well under all realizable contamination scenarios, and thus protect water consumers. Single-and multi objective versions of these models are then applied to a real water distribution system. A heuristic solution method is ...


The Case For The Development Of Public Transit In An Urban Boundary Rural Area, Sarmistha Majumdar 2009 Texas Southern University

The Case For The Development Of Public Transit In An Urban Boundary Rural Area, Sarmistha Majumdar

Sarmistha R Majumdar

Individuals’ preferences for automobiles are often taken for granted in our auto centric society. This study attempts to determine if commuters in a city located beyond the fringe of a metropolitan area are willing to use public transit if it is developed and what are the socioeconomic and attitudinal factors that influence individuals’ decision to use such a service. Analyses of survey data reveal that preferences exist for public transit service, which can be partly attributed to individuals’ concerns regarding rising gasoline prices and air pollution, and is particularly noticeable among those who are educated and/or belong to a ...


Social Networks And Physician Adoption Of Electronic Health Records: Insights From An Empirical Study, Kai Zheng, Rema Padman, David Krackhart, Michael Johnson, Herbert Diamond 2009 University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Social Networks And Physician Adoption Of Electronic Health Records: Insights From An Empirical Study, Kai Zheng, Rema Padman, David Krackhart, Michael Johnson, Herbert Diamond

Michael P. Johnson

Objective: To study how social interactions influence physician adoption of an electronic health records (EHR) system. Design: A social network survey was used to delineate the structure of social interactions among 40 residents and 15 attending physicians in an ambulatory primary care practice. Social network analysis was then applied to relate the interaction structures to individual physicians’ utilization rates of an EHR system. Measurements: The social network survey assessed three distinct types of interaction structures: professional network based on consultation on patient care-related matters; friendship network based on personal intimacy; and perceived influence network based on a person’s perception ...


National Science Foundation Funded Project: "Collaborative Proposal: Decision Models For Foreclosed Housing Acquisition And Redevelopment", Michael Johnson, Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

National Science Foundation Funded Project: "Collaborative Proposal: Decision Models For Foreclosed Housing Acquisition And Redevelopment", Michael Johnson, Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte

Michael P. Johnson

The recent housing foreclosure crisis has had devastating impacts on individuals and their communities. To mitigate some of these impacts a number of community-based organizations are acquiring foreclosed properties in efforts to support neighborhood stabilization and revitalization. Examples of actions taken on these foreclosed properties include: land-banking, rehabilitation, demolition and re-sale or/re-rental. These actions have the potential to minimize blight, reduce unanticipated housing mobility, and provide affordable housing opportunities. However, the cost of pursuing any or all of these strategies to their fullest extent far exceeds the resources available to typical community-based organizations. In this research project, the PIs ...


What Foreclosed Homes Should A Municipality Purchase To Stabilize Vulnerable Neighborhoods?, Michael Johnson 2009 University of Massachusetts Boston

What Foreclosed Homes Should A Municipality Purchase To Stabilize Vulnerable Neighborhoods?, Michael Johnson

Michael P. Johnson

Over the past 3 years, increased rates of mortgage foreclosures in the U.S. have resulted in widespread bankruptcies of financial institutions and massive losses of consumer wealth. The effects have been especially pronounced in economically vulnerable regions. In response, municipalities and community-based organizations provide a variety of services to mitigate the effects of foreclosures. Purchases of foreclosed properties represent a particularly attractive strategy because they have the potential to minimize blight, reduce unanticipated housing mobility, and to provide affordable homeownership opportunities. Since the cost of such purchases far exceeds the resources available in most urban centers, not-for-profit managers must ...


Policy Innovation, Intergovernmental Relations, And The Adoption Of Climate Protection Initiatives By U.S. Cities, Rachel Krause 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Policy Innovation, Intergovernmental Relations, And The Adoption Of Climate Protection Initiatives By U.S. Cities, Rachel Krause

Rachel M. Krause

In the absence of federal requirements, how do state- and municipal-level characteristics impact the probability of local policy innovation? This article provides insight by examining the adoption of sub-national climate change mitigation initiatives in the United States. Drawing from literature on policy innovation, a multilevel model is developed to examine the factors influencing over 900 U.S. cities to eschew free-rider tendencies and formally commit to greenhouse gas reduction. Multilevel analysis recognizes the nested structure of cities within states and accounts for the shared economic, political, and policy environments experienced by cities within the same state. The level of initiative ...


Strengthening Capacity For Sustainable Livelihoods And Food Security Through Urban Agriculture Among Hiv And Aids Affected Households In Nakuru, Kenya, Nancy Karanja, Fiona Yeudall, Mary Njenga, Samwel Mbugua, Gordon Prain, Donald Cole, Aimee Webb, Jennier Levy, Christopher Gore, Daniel Sellen 2009 University of Nairobi

Strengthening Capacity For Sustainable Livelihoods And Food Security Through Urban Agriculture Among Hiv And Aids Affected Households In Nakuru, Kenya, Nancy Karanja, Fiona Yeudall, Mary Njenga, Samwel Mbugua, Gordon Prain, Donald Cole, Aimee Webb, Jennier Levy, Christopher Gore, Daniel Sellen

Christopher D Gore

The promotion and support of urban agriculture (UA) has the potential to contribute to efforts to address pressing challenges of poverty, under nutrition and sustainability among vulnerable populations in the growing cities of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This may be especially relevant for HIV/AIDS-affected individuals in SSA whose agricultural livelihoods are severely disrupted by the devastating effects of the disease on physical productivity and nutritional well-being. This paper outlines the process involved in the conception, design and implementation of a project to strengthen technical, environmental, financial and social capacity for UA among HIV-affected households in Nakuru, Kenya. Key lessons learned ...


Planning Urban Sidewalks: Infrastructure, Daily Life, And Destinations, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris 2009 University of New Orleans

Planning Urban Sidewalks: Infrastructure, Daily Life, And Destinations, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris

Renia Ehrenfeucht

Sidewalks have become important to diverse planning concerns that range from walking for health and transportation to economic development, recreation and environment improvement. Given their multiple roles in rapidly changing cities, this paper asks ’how should we plan sidewalks?’ We contend that planners can create better cities for more people by reconsidering three facets of sidewalk planning: sidewalks as infrastructure, sidewalks as spaces of everyday life, and sidewalks as leisure destinations. The objective is to build quality infrastructure and more adaptable spaces throughout the city


Symbolic Or Substantive Policy? Measuring The Extent Of Local Commitment To Climate Protection, Rachel M. Krause 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Symbolic Or Substantive Policy? Measuring The Extent Of Local Commitment To Climate Protection, Rachel M. Krause

Rachel M. Krause

Over 1,000 U.S. municipalities have formally committed to reduce their local greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through participation in one of several climate protection networks. This has attracted the attention of researchers interested in theories of free-riding and local political decision making who question why municipalities become engaged in this global effort. However, whereas joining a climate protection network or adopting an emissions reduction goal are relatively low cost acts, the implementation of such policies entails higher costs. This raises legitimate questions about the extent and type of follow-through made on municipal climate protection commitments. This paper begins to ...


Symbolic Or Substantive Policy? Measuring The Extent Of Local Commitment To Climate Protection, Rachel M. Krause 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Symbolic Or Substantive Policy? Measuring The Extent Of Local Commitment To Climate Protection, Rachel M. Krause

Rachel M. Krause

Over 1,000 U.S. municipalities have formally committed to reduce their local greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through participation in one of several climate protection networks. This has attracted the attention of researchers interested in theories of free-riding and local political decision making who question why municipalities become engaged in this global effort. However, whereas joining a climate protection network or adopting an emissions reduction goal are relatively low cost acts, the implementation of such policies entails higher costs. This raises legitimate questions about the extent and type of follow-through made on municipal climate protection commitments. This paper begins to ...


History Naacp Texas.Pdf, Marcia A. Johnson Ms 2009 Texas Southern University

History Naacp Texas.Pdf, Marcia A. Johnson Ms

Marcia A Johnson

No abstract provided.


The Limits And Opportunities Of Networks: Municipalities And Canadian Climate Change Policy, Christopher D. Gore 2009 Ryerson University

The Limits And Opportunities Of Networks: Municipalities And Canadian Climate Change Policy, Christopher D. Gore

Christopher D Gore

Research on climate change policy and politics has become increasingly focused on the actions and influence of subnational governments. In North America, this attention has been particularly focused on why subnational governments have taken action in the absence of national leadership, what effect action might have on future national climate policy, and whether the collective action of networks of municipal governments are reshaping and challenging the character of national and global climate governance. This paper examines Canadian municipal climate in light of the absence of a comprehensive and effective climate national strategy. The paper considers various reasons why local governments ...


The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The research presented here explores the effect of gender and gender consciousness on the policy preference of local elected officials. Remedying a gap in the scholarship on women in local office, I examine the attitudes of mayors and council members on a variety of urban policy issues. First positing a gender gap theory of representative attitudes, I find almost no differences in policy preferences between men and women serving in local office. As an alternative, I posit and test a gender consciousness theory of policy preferences. Using open-ended survey data, I find that possessing a gender consciousness has a significant ...


Obrigações De Realizar Obras De Conservação Patrimonial, De Acordo Com O Art. 19 Do Decreto-Lei 25/1937, Rafael de Oliveira Alves 2009 UFOP

Obrigações De Realizar Obras De Conservação Patrimonial, De Acordo Com O Art. 19 Do Decreto-Lei 25/1937, Rafael De Oliveira Alves

Rafael de Oliveira Alves

No abstract provided.


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