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Cardiovascular System Commons

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The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Paul Glasziou

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


A Cadaveric Study Of Coronary Artery Variations, Mitchell Lee Milanuk 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Cadaveric Study Of Coronary Artery Variations, Mitchell Lee Milanuk

Theses & Dissertations

Coronary artery diseases, such as angina or myocardial infarction, are extremely prevalent and impact millions of people worldwide. Underlying the diseases, and how they affect each individual in a distinct manner, is the individual’s coronary artery anatomy. The aim of the present study is to have an intimate knowledge of the normal and variant anatomy of the coronary arteries. As an attempt to gain such knowledge, complete analysis of the anatomical variations of coronary arteries was performed. Classical cadaveric dissection of sixty human hearts was performed in the gross anatomy laboratory at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC ...


Effects Of Ankle Weights On Metabolic Response And Muscle Activity On A Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill, Saige Hupman 2017 SUNY College Cortland

Effects Of Ankle Weights On Metabolic Response And Muscle Activity On A Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill, Saige Hupman

Master's Theses

Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmills are growing in popularity for rehabilitative use, as the benefits of exercising at partially supported body weight may induce faster recovery. It is unknown if there are certain practices that increase exercise intensity while maintaining positive effects of LBPP. Adding ankle weights when walking or running could increase intensity of rehabilitation programs while maintaining the comfort of supported body weight. PURPOSE: To measure metabolic response (VO2, RER, HR, Caloric expenditure), RPE, and lower limb electromyography (EMG) amplitudes of LBPP treadmill walking and running with and without ankle weights. METHODS: Sixteen participants (Age: 21.94 ...


May 2017, SWOSU Bulldog Wellness Committee 2017 Southwestern Oklahoma State University

May 2017, Swosu Bulldog Wellness Committee

SWOSU BULLDOG WELLNESS

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Ratings Of Perceived Exertion And Heart Rate In Ncaa Division Iii Male Soccer Players, Samuel J. Guider 2017 SUNY College Cortland

The Relationship Between Ratings Of Perceived Exertion And Heart Rate In Ncaa Division Iii Male Soccer Players, Samuel J. Guider

Master's Theses

Every sport has specific physical demands of the human body. The amount of physiological load that an athlete endures during a bout of exercise can be described as training load (TL). Accurate calculation of training loads within athletes is important when it comes to strength and power development, as well as injury prevention and monitoring fatigue. Common methods used to calculate training loads for athletes include rating of perceived exertion (RPE) based methods, heart rate (HR) based methods, rate of oxygen consumption (VO2) methods, and blood lactate methods. Specifically with NCAA male soccer athletes, HR based methods and RPE based ...


A Rare Case Of Vascular Ring And Coarctation Of The Aorta In Association With Charge Syndrome., Jonathan B. Wagner, Joshua Q. Knowlton, Peter Pastuszko, Sanket Shah 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Rare Case Of Vascular Ring And Coarctation Of The Aorta In Association With Charge Syndrome., Jonathan B. Wagner, Joshua Q. Knowlton, Peter Pastuszko, Sanket Shah

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

A male neonate presented with CHARGE syndrome, a multiorgan genetic disorder involving the Coloboma of the eyes, congenital Heart defects, nasal choanal Atresia, growth and development Retardation, Genitourinary disorders, and Ear anomalies and deafness. Moreover, he had a rare case of vascular ring-consisting of a right aortic arch with retroesophageal brachiocephalic artery-combined with coarctation of the mid-aortic arch. He underwent both vascular ring and aortic arch repair at our institution. To our knowledge, this is the 4th documented case of this exceedingly rare type of aortic arch anomaly combined with aortic arch obstruction. Moreover, it is the first confirmed case ...


Genomic Contraindications For Heart Transplantation., Danton S. Char, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Aliessa Barnes, David Magnus, Michael J. Deem, John Lantos 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Genomic Contraindications For Heart Transplantation., Danton S. Char, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Aliessa Barnes, David Magnus, Michael J. Deem, John Lantos

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Genome sequencing raises new ethical challenges. Decoding the genome produces new forms of diagnostic and prognostic information; however, the information is often difficult to interpret. The connection between most genetic variants and their phenotypic manifestations is not understood. This scenario is particularly true for disorders that are not associated with an autosomal genetic variant. The analytic uncertainty is compounded by moral uncertainty about how, exactly, the results of genomic testing should influence clinical decisions. In this Ethics Rounds, we present a case in which genomic findings seemed to play a role in deciding whether a patient was to be listed ...


Using A Respiratory Navigator Significantly Reduces Variability When Quantifying Left Ventricular Torsion With Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Sean M. Hamlet, Christopher M. Haggerty, Jonathan D. Suever, Gregory J. Wehner, Kristin N. Andres, David K. Powell, Richard J. Charnigo, Brandon K. Fornwalt 2017 University of Kentucky

Using A Respiratory Navigator Significantly Reduces Variability When Quantifying Left Ventricular Torsion With Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Sean M. Hamlet, Christopher M. Haggerty, Jonathan D. Suever, Gregory J. Wehner, Kristin N. Andres, David K. Powell, Richard J. Charnigo, Brandon K. Fornwalt

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Background: Left ventricular (LV) torsion is an important indicator of cardiac function that is limited by high inter-test variability (50% of the mean value). We hypothesized that this high inter-test variability is partly due to inconsistent breath-hold positions during serial image acquisitions, which could be significantly improved by using a respiratory navigator for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) based quantification of LV torsion.

Methods: We assessed respiratory-related variability in measured LV torsion with two distinct experimental protocols. First, 17 volunteers were recruited for CMR with cine displacement encoding with stimulated echoes (DENSE) in which a respiratory navigator was used to measure ...


Evaluation Of [14c] And [13c]Sucrose As Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability Markers, Mohammad K. Miah, Ekram A. Chowdhury, Ulrich Bickel, Reza Mehvar 2017 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Evaluation Of [14c] And [13c]Sucrose As Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability Markers, Mohammad K. Miah, Ekram A. Chowdhury, Ulrich Bickel, Reza Mehvar

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Non-specific quantitation of [14C]sucrose in blood and brain has been routinely used as a quantitative measure of the in vivo blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity. However, the reported apparent brain uptake clearance (Kin) of the marker varies widely (∼100 fold). We investigated the accuracy of the use of the marker in comparison with a stable isotope of sucrose ([13C]sucrose) measured by a specific LC-MS/MS method. Rats received single doses of each marker, and the Kin values were determined. Surprisingly, the Kin value of [13C]sucrose was 6-7 fold lower than that of ...


Heart Pump Modelling: Design Of Pulsatile Flow Phantoms, Olivia Coiado, Kevin Jones, Parker Schibel, Nicolas de Almeida 2017 University of Portland

Heart Pump Modelling: Design Of Pulsatile Flow Phantoms, Olivia Coiado, Kevin Jones, Parker Schibel, Nicolas De Almeida

Biomedical Engineering Western Regional Conference

The purpose of this project is to build a model, which mimics physiological conditions of the human cardiovascular system in order to simulate the parameters of the human heart in vivo. For this project, it was developed a flow phantom with vessel mimicking material, as well as blood-mimicking and tissue-mimicking fluid. Phantoms in general are specifically designed objects involving dedicated biomaterials to simulate special realistic circuits of human beings. To develop the flow phantom, low-priced biomaterials for blood mimicking fluid, tissue mimicking, and vessel mimicking material was researched.

Keywords: Cardiovascular system, heart pump, modelling, pulsatile.


A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino 2017 Marshall University

A Rare Case Of Paradoxical Left Sided Endocarditis Through Patent Foramen Ovale., George M. Yousef, Paul I. Okhumale, Haytham Aljoudi, Silvestre Cansino

Marshall Journal of Medicine

A 36 -year old woman IV drug abuser admitted with Right-Sided Infective Endocarditis (RSIE) as demonstrated by transthoracic echocardiogram. Patient was admitted 8 weeks later with recurrence of symptoms, moreover signs of systemic embolization were noted. Transthoracic and Transesophageal Echocardiograms revealed tricuspid valve vegetation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, left atrial mass, Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO), severely dilated right atrium and prominent Chiari's network. Systemic embolization included brain and Left iliacus abscesses. Patent Foramen ovale is the proposed mechanism leading to extensive systemic embolization in the present case.


Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada 2017 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care

Lead Burden As A Factor For Higher Complication Rate In Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices, Christopher Kolibash, Naoyo Mori, Jasbir Sra, Masood Akhtar, M. Eyman Mortada

Mohammad Mortada, MD, FACC, FHRS

Purpose Lead revisions have increased over the last decade. Patients who do not undergo lead extraction face an increased lead burden. Consequences of increased lead burden have not been fully defined. We sought to characterize the complication rate and outcomes in patients with sterile redundant leads. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 242 consecutive patients [mean age 74 ± 12 years; 66.9% male] who underwent lead revision that resulted in an abandoned lead from January 2005 to June 2010. Patients were placed in a cohort based on number of leads after last recorded procedure (Group A: ≤2 [n=58]; Group B: 3-4 ...


Score Big For Decreasing Mortality: Icd Risk Score Model, Linda Francaviglia, Rachel Petersen, Maria Stone, M. Eyman Mortada 2017 Cardiovascular Data Services, Aurora Health Care

Score Big For Decreasing Mortality: Icd Risk Score Model, Linda Francaviglia, Rachel Petersen, Maria Stone, M. Eyman Mortada

Mohammad Mortada, MD, FACC, FHRS

Background: Aurora Health Care, a system of 14 acute care hospitals in eastern Wisconsin, has been a long-time participant in the American College of Cardiology’s National Cardiovascular Data Registries, submitting data to its ICD Registry™ since 2005. Our system’s implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) procedure volume averages 930 cases annually. During 2012 we experienced an increase in in-hospital mortality/morbidity for ICD cases.

Purpose: A single-center study examining in-hospital mortality/morbidity post-ICD implant before and after changes in practice and patient selection.

Methods: ICD implants and generator changes discharged from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2012, were included in ...


Diaphragm Abnormalities In Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure: Nadph Oxidase Upregulation And Protein Oxidation, Bumsoo Ahn, Philip D. Coblentz, Adam W. Beharry, Nikhil Patel, Andrew R. Judge, Jennifer S. Moylan, Charles W. Hoopes, Mark R. Bonnell, Leonardo F. Ferreira 2017 University of Florida

Diaphragm Abnormalities In Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure: Nadph Oxidase Upregulation And Protein Oxidation, Bumsoo Ahn, Philip D. Coblentz, Adam W. Beharry, Nikhil Patel, Andrew R. Judge, Jennifer S. Moylan, Charles W. Hoopes, Mark R. Bonnell, Leonardo F. Ferreira

Physiology Faculty Publications

Patients with heart failure (HF) have diaphragm abnormalities that contribute to disease morbidity and mortality. Studies in animals suggest that reactive oxygen species (ROS) cause diaphragm abnormalities in HF. However, the effects of HF on ROS sources, antioxidant enzymes, and protein oxidation in the diaphragm of humans is unknown. NAD(P)H oxidase, especially the Nox2 isoform, is an important source of ROS in the diaphragm. Our main hypothesis was that diaphragm from patients with HF have heightened Nox2 expression and p47phox phosphorylation (marker of enzyme activation) that is associated with elevated protein oxidation. We collected diaphragm biopsies from ...


Relationship Between Hospital Procedure Volume And Complications Following Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Report From The Improving Pediatric And Adult Congenital Treatment (Impact) Registry., Natalie Jayaram, John A. Spertus, Michael L. O'Byrne, Paul S. Chan, Kevin F. Kennedy, Lisa Bergersen, Andrew C. Glatz 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Relationship Between Hospital Procedure Volume And Complications Following Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Report From The Improving Pediatric And Adult Congenital Treatment (Impact) Registry., Natalie Jayaram, John A. Spertus, Michael L. O'Byrne, Paul S. Chan, Kevin F. Kennedy, Lisa Bergersen, Andrew C. Glatz

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: The association between institutional volume and outcomes has been demonstrated for cardiac catheterization among adults, but less is known about this relationship for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac catheterization.

METHODS: Within the IMPACT registry, we identified all catheterizations between January 2011 and March 2015. Hierarchical logistic regression, adjusted for patient and procedural characteristics, was used to determine the association between annual catheterization lab volume and occurrence of a major adverse event (MAE).

RESULTS: Of 56,453 catheterizations at 77 hospitals, an MAE occurred in 1014 (1.8%) of cases. In unadjusted analysis, a MAE occurred in ...


Novel Roles Of Adhesion G Protein-Coupled Receptors In Cardiovascular Development, Andrew Poggemiller 2017 University of Iowa

Novel Roles Of Adhesion G Protein-Coupled Receptors In Cardiovascular Development, Andrew Poggemiller

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital birth defect, affecting 1.35 million newborns every year. Though therapeutic techniques have been developed to assist those afflicted, new issues arise as those that have been treated may have a higher likelihood to pass on their cardiovascular defect to their children. Adhesion G protein-coupled receptors are an increasingly studied member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. aGPCRs have a wide array of molecular mechanisms that it affects; however, their role in the development of organ systems, specifically the cardiovascular system, is the focus of our research. When screening for aGPCRs within ...


Use Of Personalized Patient Heart Diagrams At The Bedside To Improve Quality Of Care, Melissa D. Elliott 2017 Childrens Mercy Hospital

Use Of Personalized Patient Heart Diagrams At The Bedside To Improve Quality Of Care, Melissa D. Elliott

Posters

Title: Use of personalized patient heart diagrams at the bedside to improve quality of care

Background/Introduction: With congenital heart disease no two hearts are exactly the same. Even with the same lesion, the anatomy of the heart can be completely different. In response to a bedside nursing idea following a cardiac arrest, advanced practice nurses (APN) initiated a program to provide personalized cardiac anatomy diagrams at the bedside of every patient on the cardiology service.

Methods: When a cardiac patient is admitted to cardiology floor, the nurse will check the patients chart for an anatomy picture, then will place ...


Mechanical Factors Affecting Heart Morphogenesis, Moshe Fenster 2017 Touro College

Mechanical Factors Affecting Heart Morphogenesis, Moshe Fenster

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

For years, the genetic element of heart morphogenesis has been studied. This review focuses on a relatively new area of study, namely, mechanical factors influencing heart morphogenesis. To understand the context of the role of mechanical factors in heart development, an extensive review of the stages of heart morphogenesis is provided. It is found that shear stress, surface tension, fluid forces, and contractions of certain cells play a role in various stages of heart development. Numerous studies have shown that in cases where these mechanical forces were modified, abnormal heart defects were produced. These studies prove that the mechanical forces ...


Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Diastolic Function Correlate With Reference Standard Measures Before And After Preload Alteration In Children., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Suma Goudar, G Hamilton Baker, Carolyn L. Taylor, Girish S. Shirali, Mark K. Friedberg, Andreea Dragulescu, Karen S. Chessa, Luc Mertens 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Speckle-Tracking Echocardiographic Measures Of Right Ventricular Diastolic Function Correlate With Reference Standard Measures Before And After Preload Alteration In Children., Shahryar M. Chowdhury, Suma Goudar, G Hamilton Baker, Carolyn L. Taylor, Girish S. Shirali, Mark K. Friedberg, Andreea Dragulescu, Karen S. Chessa, Luc Mertens

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The accuracy of echocardiographic measures of right ventricular (RV) diastolic function has been sparsely studied. Our objective was to evaluate the correlation between echocardiographic and reference standard measures of RV diastolic function derived from micromanometer pressure analysis before and after preload alteration in children. Echocardiograms and micromanometer pressure analyses were prospectively performed before and after fluid bolus in children undergoing right heart catheterization. The isovolumic relaxation time constant (τ) and end-diastolic pressure (EDP) were measured. Conventional and speckle-tracking echocardiographic (STE) parameters of RV systolic and diastolic function were assessed. Normal saline bolus was given to increase RV EDP by 20 ...


Assessment Of Coronary Artery Outward Remodeling In Consequence Of Excision Of Epicardial Adipose Tissue In Ossabaw Swine, Kelly Coderre 2017 Butler University

Assessment Of Coronary Artery Outward Remodeling In Consequence Of Excision Of Epicardial Adipose Tissue In Ossabaw Swine, Kelly Coderre

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

Background

Coronary artery disease (CAD) results from the buildup of cholesterol, inflammatory factors, and proliferating smooth muscle cells within a vessel wall. This plaque impedes on the vessel lumen, decreasing the space through which blood can flow, leading to an array of complications in the human body. To offset these effects, the arterial wall undergoes outward remodeling, a compensatory physiologic phenomenon that blood vessels undertake when burdened with a blockage, such as CAD. In a previously conducted study, a coronary epicardial adipose tissue excision (cEATx) surgery was performed above the left anterior descending (LAD) in Ossabaw swine to investigate the ...


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