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Prostatic Utricle Presenting As A Midline Scrotal Mass, Kaitlyn E. Schultis, Bryant Van Leeuwen, John Makari 2023 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Prostatic Utricle Presenting As A Midline Scrotal Mass, Kaitlyn E. Schultis, Bryant Van Leeuwen, John Makari

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

The prostatic utricle is a remnant of the Müllerian duct located within the verumontanum. An enlarged, clinically significant prostatic utricle has classically been associated with hypospadias. Prostatic utricles often present with persistent lower urinary tract symptoms, recurrent infections, and urinary incontinence. We present a prostatic utricle that presented as a scrotal mass concerning for rhabdomyosarcoma in a male with normal external genitalia.


Urobiome Screening For Antimicrobial Peptides Against Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli, Jennifer Jones 2023 Department of Biological Sciences, Munster Technological University, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland

Urobiome Screening For Antimicrobial Peptides Against Uropathogenic Escherichia Coli, Jennifer Jones

ORBioM (Open Research BioSciences Meeting)

BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide. As global incidences of UTIs caused by multidrug resistant bacteria continue to increase, so too does the demand for novel antimicrobial therapies.

Due to its relatively understudied nature, the urinary microbiome represents a niche with an untapped source of potentially novel antimicrobials (e.g., bacteriocins). Improvements to bacterial culturing and sequencing techniques have highlighted these potential alternative treatments and control strategies to target antibiotic resistant uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC).

METHODS: Expanded quantitative urine culture (EQUC) was used to culture bacterial isolates from mid-stream urine samples. Urinary isolates …


Association Of Prematurity And Urogenital Comorbidities With Postoperative Outcomes Of Ureteroneocystostomy For Vesicoureteral Reflux, Raeann Dalton, Young Son, Edward Wu, Leah Anderton, Matthew Eximond, Lance Earnshaw, Katelyn Klimowich, Gregory Dean 2023 Rowan University

Association Of Prematurity And Urogenital Comorbidities With Postoperative Outcomes Of Ureteroneocystostomy For Vesicoureteral Reflux, Raeann Dalton, Young Son, Edward Wu, Leah Anderton, Matthew Eximond, Lance Earnshaw, Katelyn Klimowich, Gregory Dean

Stratford Campus Research Day

Background: It is estimated that 20-30% of congenital anomalies involve the kidney and ureter, and these rates are even higher in infants with low birth weights. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) occurs when there is a backflow of urine from the bladder to the kidney. Depending on severity, this condition may require surgical correction with ureteroneocystostomy (UNC). The impact of premature birth and presence of urogenital comorbidities on outcomes of UNC is not known. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between premature birth and urogenital comorbidities with operative outcomes of UNC for VUR.

Methods: The 2020 American College …


Ureterocutaneous Fistula In Setting Of Recurrent Gluteal Abscesses: A Case Report, Catherine Alapatt, Young Son, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Sean Coulson, Shawon Akanda, Jacob Thatcher, Thomas Mueller 2023 Rowan University

Ureterocutaneous Fistula In Setting Of Recurrent Gluteal Abscesses: A Case Report, Catherine Alapatt, Young Son, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Sean Coulson, Shawon Akanda, Jacob Thatcher, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ureteral fistulas are a rare occurrence that can arise from iatrogenic trauma, radiation, malignancy, and inflammation. Treatment options of urinary tract fistulas are handled on a case-by-case basis and can necessitate a surgical approach. We present the case of an 85-year-old patient with a ureterocutaneous fistula where conservative management with PCN is a viable alternative to surgical intervention.


The Vaginal Microbiome Post-Menopause And Urinary Tract Infections, Rifke Anolik, Julia Kiffel, Venkateswar Venkataman 2023 Rowan University

The Vaginal Microbiome Post-Menopause And Urinary Tract Infections, Rifke Anolik, Julia Kiffel, Venkateswar Venkataman

Stratford Campus Research Day

Background: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a condition where pathogens invade the urinary tract and can travel up the urethra and into the bladder. UTIs occur more commonly in females compared to males and in the post-menopausal population this rate increases significantly. While these infections may be asymptomatic, they can also cause severe discomfort and lead to serious and even life threatening complications. Recent investigation into the vaginal microbiome has opened the doors to a possible mechanism behind the increased incidence of UTIs after menopause. Understanding the pathogenesis behind the increased risk of UTIs in the postmenopausal state will allow …


Sexual Dimorphism Of Glomerular Capillary Morphology In Rats, Zackarias Coker 2023 East Tennessee State University

Sexual Dimorphism Of Glomerular Capillary Morphology In Rats, Zackarias Coker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) progresses faster in males than females; however, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Sex differences in glomerular capillary morphology has been hypothesized to contribute, in part, to the increased susceptibility to hypertension-induced renal injury and CKD progression in males, but this has not been investigated. The goal of the present study was to assess glomerular capillary morphology in male vs. female rats with intact kidneys and after uninephrectomy (UNX). We hypothesized that glomerular capillary radii (RCAP) and length (LCAP) would be greater in male rats.

Male (n=4) and female (n=4) with intact …


A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Management Of Urinary Tract Infections In A System Of Pediatric Urgent Care Centers, Benjamin Klick, Tammy Speerhas, Jessica Parrott, Jeffrey Bobrowitz, Anne McEvoy, Debra Conrad, Theresa Guins 2023 Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters

A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Management Of Urinary Tract Infections In A System Of Pediatric Urgent Care Centers, Benjamin Klick, Tammy Speerhas, Jessica Parrott, Jeffrey Bobrowitz, Anne Mcevoy, Debra Conrad, Theresa Guins

Nursing Faculty Publications

Background and objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem in pediatric urgent care medicine. There are multiple quality improvement (QI) projects related to the management of UTIs documented in the pediatric literature. We developed a project to decrease the prescribing of ultimately unneeded antibiotics for possible UTIs in a pediatric urgent care setting. A similar project has not been described in the pediatric literature.

Methods: We first reviewed the charts of patients presenting to a system of pediatric urgent care centers with a possible UTI over a 2-year period. We then launched a QI project with three plan, …


Management Of Late-Stage Ewingoid Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Of The Spermatic Cord With Emergent Complications: A Case Report, Raeann Dalton, Abdullah Junayed, Brian Thomas, Young Son, Megan Donlick, Kathryn Goettle, Lance Earnshaw, Thomas Mueller 2022 Rowan University

Management Of Late-Stage Ewingoid Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma Of The Spermatic Cord With Emergent Complications: A Case Report, Raeann Dalton, Abdullah Junayed, Brian Thomas, Young Son, Megan Donlick, Kathryn Goettle, Lance Earnshaw, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Liposarcoma (LS), a malignant tumor of adipose origin, is the most common soft tissue sarcoma (STS), and can develop within any soft tissue. It rarely occurs in the paratesticular region, and accounts for 3-7% of spermatic cord tumors. Dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) and well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLS) account for two of the five subtypes of LS, with dedifferentiation occurring in 20% of cases. There have been 66 cases of DDLS of the spermatic cord reported to date, but none present with a 22/22q trisomy without the fusion or rearrangement that commonly produces these aggressive tumors.

Accurate diagnosis of LS of the spermatic …


Factors And Outcomes Contributing To Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection In Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, Young Son, Brian Thomas, Lance Earnshaw, Mark Quiring, Erica Martel, Benjamin Fink, Raeann Dalton, Thomas Mueller, Philip Dorsey 2022 Rowan University

Factors And Outcomes Contributing To Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection In Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, Young Son, Brian Thomas, Lance Earnshaw, Mark Quiring, Erica Martel, Benjamin Fink, Raeann Dalton, Thomas Mueller, Philip Dorsey

Stratford Campus Research Day

Bladder cancer represents the 6th most common for men and is classified into muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) and non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). NMIBC (T1, Ta, Tis), accounting for approximately 75% of new bladder cancer diagnoses, is limited to the mucosa, submucosa, and lamina propria. Studies have approximated the rate of recurrence in NMIBC between 50 - 70%, which sometimes progresses to muscle invasive disease. Management of NMIBC ranges from surveillance, intravesical chemotherapy to radical cystectomy (RC) and is dependent upon the TNM staging and grading of the tumor. Clinically, staging is determined via imaging, physical exam, and histology on transurethral …


Factors Associated With Unplanned Conversion To Open In Nephrectomy For Kidney Cancer, Young Son, Benjamin A. Fink, Justine Garfinkel, Lance Earnshaw, Brian Thomas, Thomas Mueller, David Sussman 2022 Rowan University

Factors Associated With Unplanned Conversion To Open In Nephrectomy For Kidney Cancer, Young Son, Benjamin A. Fink, Justine Garfinkel, Lance Earnshaw, Brian Thomas, Thomas Mueller, David Sussman

Stratford Campus Research Day

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been adopted as an approach in kidney surgery. Laparoscopic kidney surgery has been introduced in the 1990s with robotics emerging a decade after. The minimally invasive approach has been technically feasible and has been shown to be noninferior with preserved oncology standards to open surgery. The ubiquitous use of MIS for kidney cancer has been standard of practice; however, unplanned conversion to open kidney surgery has been characterized at 4.9% for laparoscopic radical nephrectomy compared to 6.0% in robotic radical nephrectomy. Another analysis of 54,246 patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for kidney cancer observed an unplanned …


Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy As A Risk Factor For Urinary Anastomotic Leak In Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy, Young Son, Katelyn Klimowich, Joseph Flemming, Lance Earnshaw, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Thomas Mueller 2022 Rowan University

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy As A Risk Factor For Urinary Anastomotic Leak In Patients Undergoing Radical Cystectomy, Young Son, Katelyn Klimowich, Joseph Flemming, Lance Earnshaw, Benjamin Fink, Brian Thomas, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) represents approximately 25% of all bladder cancer and carries a significant risk of mortality. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radical cystectomy (RC) is the standard of care for MIBC. One complication associated with RC is ureteral anastomotic leak with a predicted rate of 3%. The objective of this National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database analysis is to determine if correlations exist between radiation (RAD) and/or NAC before RC and anastomotic leak in the treatment of MIBC.


The Impact Of Racial Disparities And Outcomes On Urinary Anastomotic Leak In Radical Prostatectomy, Young Son, Benjamin A. Fink, Lance Earnshaw, Brian Thomas, Fred Okoye, Ryan Moriarty, Kathryn Goettle, Thomas Mueller 2022 Rowan University

The Impact Of Racial Disparities And Outcomes On Urinary Anastomotic Leak In Radical Prostatectomy, Young Son, Benjamin A. Fink, Lance Earnshaw, Brian Thomas, Fred Okoye, Ryan Moriarty, Kathryn Goettle, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Prostate cancer is the leading malignancy and third most common cause of cancer death among men. In the United States, racial disparities exist in prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates. According to the National Cancer Institute, African American (AA) men have a significantly increased incidence of prostate cancer compared to Caucasians or Asians. Urinary leak at the urethrovesical anastomosis has been cited as a complication of radical prostatectomy (RP), with incidence rates as high as 23%. Urinary anastomotic leak is associated with increased rates of ileus, prolonged hospitalization rates, and longer time to achieve continence. The etiology of risk factors …


A Clinical Study Of Venereal And Non Venereal Genital Dermatoses In Women, Lakkireddygari Sujana, Savitha L. Beergouder, Alekhya Rallapalli, Prasanthi Chidipudi, Sujatha Alla 2022 Old Dominion University

A Clinical Study Of Venereal And Non Venereal Genital Dermatoses In Women, Lakkireddygari Sujana, Savitha L. Beergouder, Alekhya Rallapalli, Prasanthi Chidipudi, Sujatha Alla

Engineering Management & Systems Engineering Faculty Publications

Background: Any genital lesion or related symptoms are erroneously considered to be sexually transmitted as it is the most covered regions of the body and seems truly to be a forgotten pelvic organ it is the significant and important group of dermatological conditions may be associated with considerable morbidity, discomfort, and embarrassment. The most common conditions seen in a Dermatology Clinic are vulvar dermatoses, which comprise of lichen sclerosis, lichen planus, vulvar eczema, and psoriasis. Other conditions such as vulvar pain syndromes, vulvar disorders associated with systemic diseases, and blistering diseases are also seen.

Materials and Methods: This was a …


Periaortic Venous Necklace And Renal Right Double Arteries; Case Report, Petru Bordei, Constantin Andrei Rusali, Constantin Ionescu, Dragos Serban, Valeriu Ardeleanu 2021 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY FROM CONSTANTA, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Periaortic Venous Necklace And Renal Right Double Arteries; Case Report, Petru Bordei, Constantin Andrei Rusali, Constantin Ionescu, Dragos Serban, Valeriu Ardeleanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The case was found on an organic sample consisting of the two kidneys with the renal pedicles and the corresponding segments of the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava. From the inferior face of the left renal vein, on the lower side of the aorta, a venous branch with an upward path of 8.02 mm was detached, passing on the anterior face of the aorta, passing before its right side, in order to end on the left side of the inferior vena cava, 13.9 mm above the end of the left renal vein in the inferior vena cava, this branch …


The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris 2021 Springfield College

The Onset Of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia And Individual Differences In Inappropriate Arginine Vasopressin Excretion: A Review Of Proposed Mechanisms, Michelle Stehman, Stephen A. Maris

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 10, 2021. Exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) has been reported to develop during endurance events such as triathlons and marathons. As these events become more popular, the incidence of developing EAH also increases. The development of EAH is commonly associated with the overconsumption of hypotonic fluids such as water and tends to be more prevalent in females. There is also evidence to suggest the inappropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP) leading to water retention may predispose an individual for developing EAH, especially when coupled with the overconsumption of fluids. Recent research …


Kidney Rupture: An Unusual Cause Of Abdominal Pain, Flank Pain And Hematuria In A 72-Year-Old Female, Monica Diep, Neelesh Parikh 2021 Rowan University

Kidney Rupture: An Unusual Cause Of Abdominal Pain, Flank Pain And Hematuria In A 72-Year-Old Female, Monica Diep, Neelesh Parikh

Stratford Campus Research Day

Flank pain, abdominal pain and hematuria are common complaints in emergency medicine. We describe the case of a 72-year-old female who presented to the emergency department for worsening left lower quadrant abdominal pain and left flank pain associated with new-onset hematuria. The patient reports the pain started immediately after she accidentally tripped on a rock while trying to avoid a mailman in an attempt to socially distance due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in a forceful twist of her body and catching herself with her hands without any direct impact to her body. The patient reports the pain gradually …


Osteopathic Touch: The Best Diagnostic & Therapeutic Tool - Osteopathic Diagnosis & Treatment For Nephrolithiasis, Bilal Khan, Motasem Abul-Huda, Alexander King 2021 Rowan University

Osteopathic Touch: The Best Diagnostic & Therapeutic Tool - Osteopathic Diagnosis & Treatment For Nephrolithiasis, Bilal Khan, Motasem Abul-Huda, Alexander King

Stratford Campus Research Day

Osteopathic Manipulative Therapy (OMT) is a set of osteopathic techniques that involves manipulation of the musculoskeletal system using the hands. It offers a supplement to standard modes of diagnosis and treatment, and is a key component of the osteopathic holistic approach to medicine.

Despite growing numbers of osteopathic physicians in the United States, OMT continues to be an underutilized asset in a plethora of medical conditions. With the merger of osteopathic and allopathic residency programs, restructuring of standardized curricula to a pass/fail format, and further changes uniting the two tracks of physician education, OMT remains one of the few facets …


Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller 2021 Rowan University

Retrospective Analysis Of Post-Operative Sepsis Rates, Stone Composition, And Ureteral Stent Duration After Ureteroscopy And Laser Lithotripsy During Covid-19, Young Son, Julia T. Scali, Ian Madison, Paul Chialastri, Thomas Mueller

Stratford Campus Research Day

Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy is routinely used to remove stones but results in manipulation of the genitourinary mucosa and has a well-established relationship with post-operative sepsis under certain conditions. Postoperative sepsis represents a significant morbidity and mortality cost to patients and the healthcare system. Several studies to determine risk factors for sepsis after ureteroscopy have been completed. Such risk factors include positive preoperative urine cultures, female gender, prolonged preoperative stent time > 1 month, and patients with sepsis at the time of initial stenting. To improve sepsis rates, procedural alterations such as the use of disposable ureteroscopes have been introduced, as …


Effectiveness Of Physical Therapy Interventions For Women With Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review, Emily Hammond, Abigail Applegate, Emma Caldwell, Hayley Witmer, Amy Tremback-Ball 2021 Misericordia University

Effectiveness Of Physical Therapy Interventions For Women With Dysmenorrhea: A Systematic Review, Emily Hammond, Abigail Applegate, Emma Caldwell, Hayley Witmer, Amy Tremback-Ball

Student Research Poster Presentations 2021

Background and aims: Primary dysmenorrhea, or painful menstruation, is common in menstruating females. However, in some, it can cause intense pain, disrupt activities of daily living, and impact quality of life. The treatment of dysmenorrhea does not traditionally include physical therapy. A systematic review was conducted to explore the role of physical therapy in treating dysmenorrhea. Methods: A search was performed in August 2020 and January 2021 using EBSCOhost, Academic Search Ultimate, CINAHL Complete, and MEDLINE. Search terms included exercise or physical activity or fitness AND dysmenorrhea or menstrual pain or painful menstruation. Inclusion criteria were articles that were peer-reviewed, …


Structual Analysis Of The Cl-Par-4 Tumor Suppressor As A Function Of Ionic Environment, Krishna K. Raut, Komala Ponniah, Steven M. Pascal 2021 Old Dominion University

Structual Analysis Of The Cl-Par-4 Tumor Suppressor As A Function Of Ionic Environment, Krishna K. Raut, Komala Ponniah, Steven M. Pascal

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a proapoptotic tumor suppressor protein that has been linked to a large number of cancers. This 38 kilodalton (kDa) protein has been shown to be predominantly intrinsically disordered in vitro. In vivo, Par-4 is cleaved by caspase-3 at Asp-131 to generate the 25 kDa functionally active cleaved Par-4 protein (cl-Par-4) that inhibits NF-κB-mediated cell survival pathways and causes selective apoptosis in tumor cells. Here, we have employed circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering (DLS) to assess the effects of various monovalent and divalent salts upon the conformation of cl-Par-4 in vitro. We have …


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