Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, 2021 Arcadia University
Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori
Opioid Use Disorder is patterns of opioid use leading to withdrawal, giving up important life events in order to use opioids, and excessive time spent using opioids, to name a few diagnostic criteria. The clinical progression of the disorder involves periods of acute exacerbation and remission that are cyclic in nature. Treatment is most effective when it includes both pharmacological and psychosocial modalities, referred to as medication assisted therapy (MAT). Three drugs used commonly in MAT-based treatment for OUD from oldest to newest include Methadone, Buprenorphine-naloxone, and Naltrexone. Treatment program models that prioritize total abstinence from the addictive substance attached ...
Intranasal Colonization By Streptococcus Pneumoniae Induces Immunological Protection From Pulmonary And Systemic Infection: A Dissertation, 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Intranasal Colonization By Streptococcus Pneumoniae Induces Immunological Protection From Pulmonary And Systemic Infection: A Dissertation, Nang H. Maung
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Given that Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause life-threatening pulmonary and systemic infection, an apparent paradox is that the bacterium resides, usually harmlessly, in the nasopharynx of many people. Humoral immunity is thought to be the primary defense against serious pneumococcal infection, and we hypothesized that nasopharyngeal colonization of mice results in the generation of an antibody response that provides long-term protection against lung infection. We found that survival of of C57L/6 mice after intranasal inoculation with wild-type serotype 4 strain TIGR4 pneumococci required B cells but not T cells, suggesting that nasopharyngeal colonization elicited a protective humoral immune response. In ...