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Identifying Chewing Alterations In A Parkinsonian Model, Nicholas Zanghi, Taylor Good, Shivam Patel, Francois Gould 2024 Rowan University

Identifying Chewing Alterations In A Parkinsonian Model, Nicholas Zanghi, Taylor Good, Shivam Patel, Francois Gould

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Patients suffering from Parkinson’s Disease will typically experience a range of motor and nonmotor symptoms. Characteristic signs of Parkinson’s include pill-rolling tremor, stooped posture, and shuffling gate. Patients with this disease can also develop oropharyngeal dysfunction, which can disable patients from meeting their physiologic needs. Understanding this disability and the changes in mastication kinematics can lead to potential future treatment. Our study induced Parkinson’s in rats with rotenone injections. Their jaw kinematics were identified through fluoroscopy of radio-opaque beads implanted into different areas of their jaws. The Parkinson’s induction altered mastication significantly with an increase in anterior/posterior range of motion …


Quincke’S Phenomenon – The Ace Inhibitor Culprit, Mohammad A. Rattu, Eric A. Maddock 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

Quincke’S Phenomenon – The Ace Inhibitor Culprit, Mohammad A. Rattu, Eric A. Maddock

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Angioedema is defined as a non-pitting edema that involves the subcutaneous layer and additionally may include submucosal layers of tissue which pertain to the face, oral cavity, larynx, lips, extremities and gastrointestinal tract; this becomes a life-threatening situation particularly when there is involvement of the larynx. Angioedema may be classified as either histamine-mediated or bradykinin-mediated. Histamine-mediated, associated with mast-cell and basophil activation, is the most common. Bradykinin-mediated (secondary to hereditary, acquired C1-inhibitor deficiency, ACEI-associated angioedema) occur when an allergic reaction and hives will not trigger this reaction. The C1-inhibitor is a regular of the complement system and either dysfunction or …


Effect Of Dosage On Severity Of Dysphagia In A Toxicological Rat Model Of Parkinson's Disease, Shivam Patel, Taylor Good, Nicholas Zanghi, Francois Gould 2024 Rowan University

Effect Of Dosage On Severity Of Dysphagia In A Toxicological Rat Model Of Parkinson's Disease, Shivam Patel, Taylor Good, Nicholas Zanghi, Francois Gould

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a prevalent and devastating neurodegenerative disorder that causes progressively worsening motor symptoms affecting locomotor and oropharyngeal function. There is limited research in animal models on swallowing dysfunction in PD. To examine how neurodegeneration in PD produces progressive impairment in the oropharyngeal and locomotor processes, rotenone, a type II mitochondrial inhibitor, was injected into Lewis rat models to reproduce a parkinsonian phenotype. We hypothesized that the animal models injected with the rotenone will exhibit both oropharyngeal dysfunction and locomotor deficiency with an increased deficit that correlates with prolonged treatment. We utilized 18 rats receiving either 2.75 mg/kg …


Auriculotemporal Nerve Block For Tmj: A Systematic Review, Hasan Zia, Usmaan Al-Shehab, Ahmed Gawash, Anthony Dipalma, Dale Johnson, Musa Dolley, David F. Lo, Ryan St. John, Zain Hassam, Don D. Shamilov 2024 Rowan University

Auriculotemporal Nerve Block For Tmj: A Systematic Review, Hasan Zia, Usmaan Al-Shehab, Ahmed Gawash, Anthony Dipalma, Dale Johnson, Musa Dolley, David F. Lo, Ryan St. John, Zain Hassam, Don D. Shamilov

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate auriculotemporal nerve blocks for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder management. 583 articles reviewed from five databases, selected four studies for pooled analysis on visual analog scale (VAS) and maximum mouth opening (MMO) outcomes. Pooled analysis showed significant improvement in VAS (-2.27, p < 0.001) and MMO (0.94, p = 0.03) post-auriculotemporal nerve blocks for TMJ disorder. Auriculotemporal nerve blocks demonstrate potential effectiveness in TMJ disorder treatment, warranting further research on long-term effects and side effects.


Treatment Of Periodontitis Affecting Human Primary Teeth—A Systematic Review, Protyusha Guha Biswas, Anusha Mohan, Eswar Kandaswamy 2023 Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research

Treatment Of Periodontitis Affecting Human Primary Teeth—A Systematic Review, Protyusha Guha Biswas, Anusha Mohan, Eswar Kandaswamy

School of Dentistry Faculty Publications

The aim of this systematic review is to report the treatment options (Intervention) and outcomes (O) for primary teeth affected by periodontitis (Population) and if the treatment of primary teeth can prevent the spread of periodontitis to permanent teeth (Outcomes). The following databases were searched for papers published before December 2022: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Ebscohost. Studies on children affected by periodontitis involving the primary teeth were included and those on children who presented with periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease were excluded. Narrative synthesis and methodological quality assessments were performed for the included studies. Three interventional …


Research Routes On Awake Bruxism Metrics: Implications Of The Updated Bruxism Definition And Evaluation Strategies., Alessandro Bracci, Frank Lobbezoo, Anna Colonna, Steven Bender, Paulo C. R. Conti, Alona Emodi‐Perlman, Birgitta Häggman‐Henrikson, Gary D. Klasser, Ambra Michelotti, Gilles J. Lavigne, Peter Svensson, Jari Ahlberg, Daniele Manfredini 2023 University of Padova, Italy

Research Routes On Awake Bruxism Metrics: Implications Of The Updated Bruxism Definition And Evaluation Strategies., Alessandro Bracci, Frank Lobbezoo, Anna Colonna, Steven Bender, Paulo C. R. Conti, Alona Emodi‐Perlman, Birgitta Häggman‐Henrikson, Gary D. Klasser, Ambra Michelotti, Gilles J. Lavigne, Peter Svensson, Jari Ahlberg, Daniele Manfredini

School of Dentistry Faculty Publications

Background: With time, due to the poor knowledge on it epidemiology, the need to focus on awake bruxism as a complement of sleep studies emerged. Objective: In line with a similar recent proposal for sleep bruxism (SB), defining clinically oriented research routes to implement knowledge on awake bruxism (AB) metrics is important for an enhanced comprehension of the full bruxism spectrum, that is better assessment and more efficient management. Methods: We summarised current strategies for AB assessment and proposed a research route for improving its metrics. Results: Most of the literature focuses on bruxism in general or SB in particular, …


Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian) 2023 Central University of South Bihar, Panchanpur, Gaya, Bihar

Chatgpt As Metamorphosis Designer For The Future Of Artificial Intelligence (Ai): A Conceptual Investigation, Amarjit Kumar Singh (Library Assistant), Dr. Pankaj Mathur (Deputy Librarian)

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this research paper is to explore ChatGPT’s potential as an innovative designer tool for the future development of artificial intelligence. Specifically, this conceptual investigation aims to analyze ChatGPT’s capabilities as a tool for designing and developing near about human intelligent systems for futuristic used and developed in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Also with the helps of this paper, researchers are analyzed the strengths and weaknesses of ChatGPT as a tool, and identify possible areas for improvement in its development and implementation. This investigation focused on the various features and functions of ChatGPT that …


Molecular Characteristics Of Periodontal Health: Collagens: Defining The Healthy Human Gingival Collagen Transcriptome, Christina Zachariadou, Thomas Hart, Deborah Hooper, Angelo Mariotti 2023 College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University

Molecular Characteristics Of Periodontal Health: Collagens: Defining The Healthy Human Gingival Collagen Transcriptome, Christina Zachariadou, Thomas Hart, Deborah Hooper, Angelo Mariotti

School of Dentistry Faculty Publications

Background: Defining periodontal health has been an ambitious and complex goal. The numerous and varied definitions of what constitutes periodontal health have resulted in a collection of subjective and unreliable clinical findings to diagnose and classify periodontal health and disease. The aim of this study was to fundamentally delineate the molecular characteristics of healthy periodontal tissues in men and women as they age, using the most abundant connective tissue component: Collagens. Methods: Healthy gingival biopsies were separated into “young” (aged 18–35 years, five men/five women) and “old” (≥60 years, five men/four women) age groups depending on biological sex. RNA was …


Lip Biopsy Trends In The United States: A 7-Year Review Of Medicare Provider Utilization And Payment Database, Nardin Awad, Fady Awad, Amanda Azer 2021 Rowan University

Lip Biopsy Trends In The United States: A 7-Year Review Of Medicare Provider Utilization And Payment Database, Nardin Awad, Fady Awad, Amanda Azer

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Biopsy of the lip is a procedure most used by dermatologists in order to obtain histopathological evaluation of a lesion. It has remained the definitive method of diagnosis for many pathologies, including malignancy. However, although the incidence of lip malignancy has been relatively unchanged since 2012, the number of lip biopsies performed has not followed the same trend, but rather steeply declined since. In this study, the national trends in lip biopsies are evaluated. The Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment (MPUP) database was used to evaluate these practice trends in Medicare providers.


Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori 2021 Arcadia University

Opioid Use Disorder: The Timeline For Medication Assisted Therapy, Alexander Cristofori

Capstone Showcase

Opioid Use Disorder is patterns of opioid use leading to withdrawal, giving up important life events in order to use opioids, and excessive time spent using opioids, to name a few diagnostic criteria. The clinical progression of the disorder involves periods of acute exacerbation and remission that are cyclic in nature. Treatment is most effective when it includes both pharmacological and psychosocial modalities, referred to as medication assisted therapy (MAT). Three drugs used commonly in MAT-based treatment for OUD from oldest to newest include Methadone, Buprenorphine-naloxone, and Naltrexone. Treatment program models that prioritize total abstinence from the addictive substance attached …


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