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Recovery Time Following Operative Versus Nonoperative Humeral Shaft Fracture Treatment, Susan Wager, Trevor D. Wolterink, Jager Haan, Yash Hedge, Chrystina James, Stephanie J. Muh 2022 Wayne State University

Recovery Time Following Operative Versus Nonoperative Humeral Shaft Fracture Treatment, Susan Wager, Trevor D. Wolterink, Jager Haan, Yash Hedge, Chrystina James, Stephanie J. Muh

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: Humeral shaft fractures represent approximately 5% of fractures in the United States. Treatment modalities include nonoperative, and operative with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nail (IMN). There is no consensus on which option is best. The purpose of this study was to compare the length of time from fracture care to radiographic union between nonoperative, ORIF, and IMN treatments for humeral shaft fractures.

METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed trends in the management of midshaft humerus fracture between July of 2013 and December of 2020. Fracture characteristics and treatment outcomes were recorded from patients with humeral shaft fractures ...


The Effect Of Socioeconomic Status On Patient Outcomes Following Rotator Cuff Repair At Two Hospital Campuses, Bushra Fathima, Emily Lau, Joshua P. Castle, Cassandra Keinath, Chaoyang Chen, Gabriel Burdick, Stephanie J. Muh 2022 Wayne State University

The Effect Of Socioeconomic Status On Patient Outcomes Following Rotator Cuff Repair At Two Hospital Campuses, Bushra Fathima, Emily Lau, Joshua P. Castle, Cassandra Keinath, Chaoyang Chen, Gabriel Burdick, Stephanie J. Muh

Medical Student Research Symposium

INTRODUCTION: To examine the relationship between demographics, socioeconomic status (SES), and patient outcomes after rotator cuff repair (RCR).

METHODS: A retrospective review identified 7564 patients who underwent RCR between 2017 and 2021. Patients were stratified into two groups, urban(U) or suburban(S), based on which campus they underwent surgery. Demographic information, medical comorbidities, SES and other preoperative risk factors were compared. Pre- and postoperative functional outcomes at each location were analyzed. Categorical variables were reported as counts and percentages while continuous variables were reported as means and standard deviations. Chi-square tests were used to compare categorical variables while independent ...


Association Between Craniofacial Anomalies And Newborn Hearing Screening Fail Rate, Kaitlyn Sheapp, Ruth S. Marin, Larry Medwetsky 2022 Gallaudet University

Association Between Craniofacial Anomalies And Newborn Hearing Screening Fail Rate, Kaitlyn Sheapp, Ruth S. Marin, Larry Medwetsky

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Purpose: Increased knowledge of the prevalence of various craniofacial anomalies and their associated risks for hearing loss can help guide 1) development of evidence-based practice regarding detection and documentation of risk factors at birth and 2) health care professionals to make appropriate recommendations for follow-up testing and monitoring.

Method: Records were reviewed for 39,813 infants born at Adventist HealthCare Shady Grove Medical Center and White Oak Medical Center between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2019 to determine the association between the presence of craniofacial anomalies and newborn hearing screening fail rates, as well as the prevalence of confirmed ...


A Review Of The Effectiveness Of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine At Alleviating Pregnancy-Related Pain, Alexandria Lomanno, Olivia Choi, Danielle Cooley 2022 Rowan University

A Review Of The Effectiveness Of Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine At Alleviating Pregnancy-Related Pain, Alexandria Lomanno, Olivia Choi, Danielle Cooley

Stratford Campus Research Day

Globally, more than a quarter of pregnant patients experience low back pain (LBP) during pregnancy with additional complaints of pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and other somatic dysfunctions. Though the standard of care for LBP in pregnancy is often analgesics, concerns about potential side effects that may cause lasting harm to the fetus may preclude pregnant patients from taking pain medications. Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine (OMM) is a nonpharmacologic treatment option that is routinely used for LBP in non-pregnant patients. Given the low risk of adverse effects, OMM may prove to be beneficial for pregnant patients suffering from LBP or PGP.


Bodyverse, Colin B. Stilwell 2022 CUNY Hunter College

Bodyverse, Colin B. Stilwell

Theses and Dissertations

This paper supports the MFA dance thesis film BodyVerse. Exploring the intertwining relationship of body systems with the natural world, it brings somatic principles such as Body Mind Centering and dance improvisation together with film legacies and digital platforms.


Duchenne’S Muscular Dystrophy & Occupational Therapy, Vanessa Sagredo, Meagan C. Romero 2022 University of New Mexico

Duchenne’S Muscular Dystrophy & Occupational Therapy, Vanessa Sagredo, Meagan C. Romero

Client Educational Handouts

No abstract provided.


Effective Therapies And Nursing Approaches: Improving Cognition In Older Adult Stroke Patients, Selyna Baltazar 2022 Dominican University of California

Effective Therapies And Nursing Approaches: Improving Cognition In Older Adult Stroke Patients, Selyna Baltazar

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Ischemic stroke occurs in thousands of older adults throughout the year. Due to the lack of oxygen entering the brain, many patients experience a decline in cognitive function due to ischemic stroke. Cognition is the ability to understand, learn, and remember information which is needed for completing daily tasks. Modern technology has allowed for patients to survive ischemic strokes but has yet to provide proper screening tools and methods for stroke-related cognitive impairment.

Objective

To investigate the best practices for identifying, treating, and caring for patients with a cognitive injury related to a stroke. A review of the research ...


Self-Reported Arm Function Is Associated With Stress And Fear Of Physical Activity Among Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Kimberly Ulmer, Megan McClure, Renee Waldron, Lynn DiFede 2022 University of Dayton

Self-Reported Arm Function Is Associated With Stress And Fear Of Physical Activity Among Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Kimberly Ulmer, Megan Mcclure, Renee Waldron, Lynn Difede

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Self-reported upper extremity function and objective measures are not strongly associated with each other in women treated for breast cancer (BC). It is not known if the lack of relationship between self-reported upper extremity function and objective measurements may be influenced by perceived levels of stress and fear of physical activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between self-reported upper extremity function and the following: perceived stress levels (PS), fear of physical activity (FPA), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and objective measures of upper extremity function among women treated for BC.

Methods: This cross-sectional observational ...


Knowledge Of Red-S Among Collegiate Athletes, Becca Goldman 2022 Georgia College

Knowledge Of Red-S Among Collegiate Athletes, Becca Goldman

Graduate Research Posters

Knowledge of Relative Energy Deficiency Among Collegiate Athletes

Low energy availability (LEA) can produce negative health and performance effects for collegiate athletes. It is defined as a deficit between the athlete’s caloric intake and the energy expended during competition or training. The body is then unable to support certain physiological functions that are needed to maintain optimal health. One component of the female athlete triad is disordered eating which can result in low energy availability. Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport is an extension of the female athlete triad, created to take a more holistic approach and include male athletes ...


Effective Emodule Design For First-Year Medical Student Anatomy Curricula, Taylor J. Kratochvil MS, Kaeli K. Samson MA, MPH, Kari L. Nelson PhD, Travis L. McCumber PhD 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effective Emodule Design For First-Year Medical Student Anatomy Curricula, Taylor J. Kratochvil Ms, Kaeli K. Samson Ma, Mph, Kari L. Nelson Phd, Travis L. Mccumber Phd

EMET Projects

Introduction: It is critical to evaluate student experience with any newly integrated educational resource. In 2018, a Distal Upper Limb (DUL) Anatomy eModule was developed for first-year medical students at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, who have historically identified the DUL as a region of difficulty. This mixed methods study sought to (1) evaluate learner perception of the eModule relative to other resources, and (2) identify eModule content and features that students found valuable.

Methods: The DUL eModule was made available to first-year medical students in 2019 (n= 132), 2020 (n=131), and 2021 (n=131) as a voluntary ...


Motor And Sensory Neurophysiology, Julianna Coleman 2022 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Motor And Sensory Neurophysiology, Julianna Coleman

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is Lecture 1 in the PEER Liberia Neurology Lecture Series. It provides an overview of motor and sensory neurophysiology, including: sensation (tracking it from the nerves to the brain), motor (tracking it from the brain to the muscle), and practice localization.


Connexin 43 Contributes To Phenotypic Variability Of The Mouse Skull, Elizabeth Jewlal 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Connexin 43 Contributes To Phenotypic Variability Of The Mouse Skull, Elizabeth Jewlal

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The purpose of this study was to determine whether connexin 43 (Cx43) contributes to craniofacial phenotypic variability. Skull shape and variation were compared within and among two heterozygous mutant mouse models (G60S/+ and I130T/+) that exhibit different levels of Cx43 channel function when compared to their wildtype counterparts (~80% and ~50% reduction in function, respectively). Results indicated mutants have significant differences in skull shape compared to wildtype littermates. Similar patterns of shape difference were found in both mutants. Increased skull shape variation and a disruption in the covariation of skull structures were observed in G60S/+ mutants only. These results show ...


Novel Gamma-Sarcoglycan Interactors In Murine Muscle Membranes, Tara C. Smith, Georgios Vasilakos, Scott A. Shaffer, Jason M. Puglise, Chih-Hsuan Chou, Elisabeth R. Barton, Elizabeth J. Luna 2022 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Novel Gamma-Sarcoglycan Interactors In Murine Muscle Membranes, Tara C. Smith, Georgios Vasilakos, Scott A. Shaffer, Jason M. Puglise, Chih-Hsuan Chou, Elisabeth R. Barton, Elizabeth J. Luna

Radiology Publications

BACKGROUND: The sarcoglycan complex (SC) is part of a network that links the striated muscle cytoskeleton to the basal lamina across the sarcolemma. The SC coordinates changes in phosphorylation and Ca(++)-flux during mechanical deformation, and these processes are disrupted with loss-of-function mutations in gamma-sarcoglycan (Sgcg) that cause Limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2C/R5.

METHODS: To gain insight into how the SC mediates mechano-signaling in muscle, we utilized LC-MS/MS proteomics of SC-associated proteins in immunoprecipitates from enriched sarcolemmal fractions. Criteria for inclusion were co-immunoprecipitation with anti-Sgcg from C57BL/6 control muscle and under-representation in parallel experiments with Sgcg-null muscle ...


Severe Mixed Mitral Valve Disease Due To Massive Mitral Annular Calcification: A Case Report And Literature Review, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Sheema Saadia 2022 Aga Khan University

Severe Mixed Mitral Valve Disease Due To Massive Mitral Annular Calcification: A Case Report And Literature Review, Fateh Ali Tipoo Sultan, Sheema Saadia

Section of Cardiology

We present an unusual case of massive mitral annular calcification (MAC) leading to severe mixed mitral valve disease, viz severe mitral regurgitation and severe mitral stenosis. To our knowledge, severe mixed mitral valve disease secondary to MAC is extremely rare. The patient (a 65-year-old lady) presented with worsening shortness of breath and signs of congestive heart failure. Echocardiographic examination revealed massive mitral annular calcification. Despite the massive annular calcification, she had experienced neither embolism nor endocarditis in the past. Because of severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis, surgery was advised; however, the patient declined it.


Perceived Instability, Pain, And Psychological Factors Predict Function And Disability In Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller, Julie M. Cavallario, Shelby E. Baez, Jessica C. Martinez, Ryan S. McCann 2022 Old Dominion University

Perceived Instability, Pain, And Psychological Factors Predict Function And Disability In Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability, Ashley M.B. Suttmiller, Julie M. Cavallario, Shelby E. Baez, Jessica C. Martinez, Ryan S. Mccann

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Context:

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with residual instability, pain, decreased function, and increased disablement. Injury-related fear has been associated with CAI, although its relationship to other impairments is unclear. The Fear-Avoidance Model is a theoretical framework hypothesizing a relationship between injury-related fear, chronic pain, pain catastrophizing, and disability. It has been useful in understanding fear's influence in other musculoskeletal conditions but has yet to be studied in those with CAI.

Objective:

To explore relationships between instability, pain catastrophizing, injury-related fear, pain, ankle function, and global disability in individuals with CAI.

Design:

Cross-Sectional Study

Setting:

Anonymous online survey ...


Corticospinal Activity During A Single-Leg Stance In People With Chronic Ankle Instability, Masafumi Terada, Kyle B. Kosik, Ryan S. McCann, Colin Drinkard, Phillip A. Gribble 2022 Old Dominion University

Corticospinal Activity During A Single-Leg Stance In People With Chronic Ankle Instability, Masafumi Terada, Kyle B. Kosik, Ryan S. Mccann, Colin Drinkard, Phillip A. Gribble

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine whether corticospinal excitability and inhibition of the tibialis anterior during single-leg standing differs among individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI), lateral ankle sprain copers, and healthy controls.

Methods: Twenty-three participants with CAI, 23 lateral ankle sprain copers, and 24 healthy control participants volunteered. Active motor threshold (AMT), normalized motor-evoked potential (MEP), and cortical silent period (CSP) were evaluated by transcranial magnetic stimulation while participants performed a single-leg standing task.

Results: Participants with CAI had significantly longer CSP at 100% of AMT and lower normalized MEP at 120% of AMT compared to ...


Gene Electrotransfer Of Fgf2 Enhances Collagen Scaffold Biocompatibility, Carly Boye, Kyle Cristensen, Kamal Asadipour, Scott DeClemente, Michael Francis, Anna Bulysheva 2022 Old Dominion University

Gene Electrotransfer Of Fgf2 Enhances Collagen Scaffold Biocompatibility, Carly Boye, Kyle Cristensen, Kamal Asadipour, Scott Declemente, Michael Francis, Anna Bulysheva

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Tendon injuries are a common athletic injury that have been increasing in prevalence. While there are current clinical treatments for tendon injuries, they have relatively long recovery times and often do not restore native function of the tendon. In the current study, gene electrotransfer (GET) parameters for delivery to the skin were optimized with monophasic and biphasic pulses with reporter and effector genes towards optimizing underlying tendon healing. Tissue twitching and damage, as well as gene expression and distribution were evaluated. Bioprinted collagen scaffolds, mimicking healthy tendon structure were then implanted subcutaneously for biocompatibility and angiogenesis analyses when combined with ...


Eagle Syndrome: Efficacies Of Medical And Surgical Treatments, Kirklin Mitchell 2022 Arcadia University

Eagle Syndrome: Efficacies Of Medical And Surgical Treatments, Kirklin Mitchell

Capstone Showcase

Eagle Syndrome is a rare syndrome caused by elongation of the styloid process of the temporal bone or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament occurring in a very small percentage of the population that can cause a wide range of common symptoms, leading to it being often misdiagnosed. While there are no set standards for treating Eagle Syndrome, both pharmaceutical and surgical options exist. Pharmaceutical options are often ineffective in long term treatment so surgery is usually required for full symptom resolution. Transoral and Transcervical surgeries have similar efficacies but each come with important drawbacks when considering which type of surgery ...


Exploring Cell Differentiation Vs. Localization In Engineered Ligament-To-Bone Entheses, Saagar N. Sheth, Michael E. Brown, Jennifer L. Puetzer 2022 Virginia Commonwealth University

Exploring Cell Differentiation Vs. Localization In Engineered Ligament-To-Bone Entheses, Saagar N. Sheth, Michael E. Brown, Jennifer L. Puetzer

Undergraduate Research Posters

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) connects to bone via structurally complex insertions known as entheses that translate load from elastic ligament and stiff bone via gradients in organization, composition, and cell phenotype [1]. These gradients are not recreated in graft repair or engineered replacements, yielding limited repair options and high failure rates [2]. Previously, we developed a culture system that uses a tensile-compressive interface to guide ligament fibroblasts to develop early postnatal-like entheses by 6 weeks [3]; however, cells used were isolated from the entirety of the neonatal bovine ACL from bone to bone and likely contained multiple cell phenotypes ...


The Relationship Between Physical Mobility And Firefighter Occupational Task Performance, Shelby Harbison 2022 Georgia Southern University

The Relationship Between Physical Mobility And Firefighter Occupational Task Performance, Shelby Harbison

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Firefighters work in a dangerous profession with high injury rates. Mobility dysfunction in firefighters may impact performance and contribute to injury. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is commonly used to evaluate individuals for mobility dysfunction and compensatory movements. PURPOSE: Identify if mobility is related to firefighters’ occupational task performance. METHODS: This was a retrospective study assessing 29 career firefighters using FMS and occupational performance task scores. Statistical analyses consisted of a multiple linear regression assessing predictors on the occupational task performance and 21 point-biserial correlations ran to assess the relationship between each individual predictor and occupational task performance. RESULTS ...


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