Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Developmental Neuroscience Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

438 Full-Text Articles 779 Authors 98,460 Downloads 80 Institutions

All Articles in Developmental Neuroscience

Faceted Search

438 full-text articles. Page 5 of 16.

Association Of The Haptoglobin Gene Polymorphism With Cognitive Function And Decline In Elderly African American Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Findings From The Action To Control Cardiovascular Risk In Diabetes–Memory In Diabetes (Accord-Mind) Study, Michael Beeri, Hung-Mo Lin, Mary Sano, Ramit Ravona-Springer, Xiaoyu Liu, Barbara B. Bendlin, Carey E. Gleason, Elizabeth Guerrero-Berroa, Laili Soleimani, Lenore J. Launer, Scott Ehrenberg, Orit Lache, Yaakov K. Seligman, Andrew P. Levy 2018 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Association Of The Haptoglobin Gene Polymorphism With Cognitive Function And Decline In Elderly African American Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: Findings From The Action To Control Cardiovascular Risk In Diabetes–Memory In Diabetes (Accord-Mind) Study, Michael Beeri, Hung-Mo Lin, Mary Sano, Ramit Ravona-Springer, Xiaoyu Liu, Barbara B. Bendlin, Carey E. Gleason, Elizabeth Guerrero-Berroa, Laili Soleimani, Lenore J. Launer, Scott Ehrenberg, Orit Lache, Yaakov K. Seligman, Andrew P. Levy

Publications and Research

IMPORTANCE African American individuals have higher dementia risk than individuals of white race/ethnicity. They also have higher rates of type 2 diabetes, which may contribute to this elevated risk. This study examined the association of the following 2 classes of alleles at the haptoglobin (Hp) locus that are associated with poor cognition, cardiovascular disease, and mortality: Hp 1-1 (associated with poor cognition and cerebrovascular disease) and Hp 2-1 and Hp 2-2 (associated with greater risk ofmyocardial infarction and mortality). An additional polymorphism in the promoter region of the Hp 2 allele, restricted to individuals of African descent, yields a ...


Chd3 Helicase Domain Mutations Cause A Neurodevelopmental Syndrome With Macrocephaly And Impaired Speech And Language, Lot Snijders Blok, Inderneel Sahai, Philippe M. Campeau 2018 Radboud University Medical Center

Chd3 Helicase Domain Mutations Cause A Neurodevelopmental Syndrome With Macrocephaly And Impaired Speech And Language, Lot Snijders Blok, Inderneel Sahai, Philippe M. Campeau

Pediatric Publications

Chromatin remodeling is of crucial importance during brain development. Pathogenic alterations of several chromatin remodeling ATPases have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. We describe an index case with a de novo missense mutation in CHD3, identified during whole genome sequencing of a cohort of children with rare speech disorders. To gain a comprehensive view of features associated with disruption of this gene, we use a genotype-driven approach, collecting and characterizing 35 individuals with de novo CHD3 mutations and overlapping phenotypes. Most mutations cluster within the ATPase/helicase domain of the encoded protein. Modeling their impact on the three-dimensional structure demonstrates ...


Drosophila Ror Is A Nervous System-Specific Co-Receptor For Wnt Ligands, Caroline Ripp, Julia Loth, Iveta Petrova, Karen Linnemannstons, Monique Ulepic, Lee G. Fradkin, Jasprien Noordermeer, Andreas Wodarz 2018 Institute for Anatomy and Cell Biology

Drosophila Ror Is A Nervous System-Specific Co-Receptor For Wnt Ligands, Caroline Ripp, Julia Loth, Iveta Petrova, Karen Linnemannstons, Monique Ulepic, Lee G. Fradkin, Jasprien Noordermeer, Andreas Wodarz

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Wnt ligands are secreted glycoproteins that control many developmental processes and are crucial for homeostasis of numerous tissues in the adult organism. Signal transduction of Wnts involves the binding of Wnts to receptor complexes at the surface of target cells. These receptor complexes are commonly formed between a member of the Frizzled family of seven-pass transmembrane proteins and a co-receptor, which is usually a single-pass transmembrane protein. Among these co-receptors are several with structural homology to receptor tyrosine kinases, including Ror, PTK7, Ryk and MUSK. In vertebrates, Ror-2 and PTK7 are important regulators of planar cell polarity (PCP). By contrast ...


Are Different Actions Mediated By Distinct Systems Of Knowledge In Infancy?, Peter Vishton 2018 College of William and Mary

Are Different Actions Mediated By Distinct Systems Of Knowledge In Infancy?, Peter Vishton

Peter Vishton

This chapter considers why studies of infant looking and reaching often suggest different patterns of cognitive and perceptual development. In some cases, convergent results have emerged from studies of infant looking and reaching, but differences are common. The most typical results suggest less adult-like perception and cognition in studies of reaching than in studies of looking. Several reaching studies, however, do not fit this pattern, suggesting that reaching actions may be mediated by distinct systems of knowledge and information processing. Comparisons of research on other behaviors, such as crawling and walking, also suggest that infant knowledge systems vary across actions ...


Developmental Transitions In Amygdala Pkc Isoforms And Ampa Receptor Expression Associated With Threat Memory In Infant Rats, Maya Opendak, Roseanna M. Zanca, Eben Anane, Peter Serrano, Regina M. Sullivan 2018 Nathan Kline Institute

Developmental Transitions In Amygdala Pkc Isoforms And Ampa Receptor Expression Associated With Threat Memory In Infant Rats, Maya Opendak, Roseanna M. Zanca, Eben Anane, Peter Serrano, Regina M. Sullivan

Publications and Research

Although infants learn and remember, they rapidly forget, a phenomenon known as infantile amnesia. While myriad mechanisms impact this rapid forgetting, the molecular events supporting memory maintenance have yet to be explored. To explore memory mechanisms across development, we used amygdala-dependent odor-shock conditioning and focused on mechanisms important in adult memory, the AMPA receptor subunits GluA1/2 and upstream protein kinases important for trafficking AMPAR, protein kinase M zeta (PKMζ) and iota/lambda (PKCι/λ). We use odor-shock conditioning in infant rats because it is late-developing (postnatal day, PN10) and can be modulated by corticosterone during a sensitive period in ...


Underlying Contribution Of Executive Functioning To Cognition And Academic Achievement In Individuals With Dystrophinopathy, Robert Fee 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Underlying Contribution Of Executive Functioning To Cognition And Academic Achievement In Individuals With Dystrophinopathy, Robert Fee

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Dystrophinopathy is a genetic disorder that results in the lack of or abnormal expression of the protein dystrophin. It is a disorder that alters cell structure and function, impacts the developing brain and brain function, presents with multi-domain cognitive deficits, and influences both mood and behavior. Cognitive impairments appear to be more localized to specific areas of functioning rather than a global deficit; however, deficits have been identified across multiple cognitive domains including language and aspects of executive functioning. A careful examination of the cognitive phenotype and its association to mutations affecting CNS isoforms is necessary to clarify the neuropsychological ...


Arid1b And Macf1 In Murine Brain Development And Behavior, Jeffrey Jay Moffat 2018 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Arid1b And Macf1 In Murine Brain Development And Behavior, Jeffrey Jay Moffat

Theses & Dissertations

Intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affect between one and three percent of the global population. These disorders represent a significant emotional and financial burden for affected individuals and their families. Treatment for these conditions remains limited because many of the key molecular factors and associated pathogenic mechanisms are still poorly understood.

In this report we examine two genes related to ASD and ID, AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1B (ARID1B) and Microtubule-actin crosslinking factor 1 (MACF1). ARID1B is a subunit of the mammalian BRG1/BRM associated factor (BAF) chromatin-remodeling complex, which broadly regulates gene expression. ARID1B also interacts ...


Evaluating Devices For The Measurement Of Auditory-Evoked Fetal Movement, Patrick Gatutsi 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluating Devices For The Measurement Of Auditory-Evoked Fetal Movement, Patrick Gatutsi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Determining normal and abnormal fetal function in utero in order to better predict which fetuses are at risk for adverse outcome is critical. However, the medical imaging tools that could assist with diagnosis are very expensive and rarely available in the developing world. In this study, we developed a prototype audio-motio-tachograph (AMTG), which measures fetal movements through the recording of abdominal wall deformations and tested it in Rwanda. First, we showed that AMTG detected fetal signals and that fetuses respond to complex acoustic stimuli. In order to improve the sensitivity of the device, we then measured whole abdominal wall deformations ...


Organization And Development Of Cholinergic Input To The Mouse Visual Thalamus., Guela Sokhadze 2018 University of Louisville

Organization And Development Of Cholinergic Input To The Mouse Visual Thalamus., Guela Sokhadze

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cholinergic signaling plays a vital role in modulating the flow of sensory information through thalamic circuits in a state-dependent manner. In the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN), the thalamic visual relay, release of acetylcholine (ACh) contributes to enhanced thalamocortical transfer of retinal signal during behavioral states of arousal, wakefulness, and sleep/wake transitions. Moreover, ACh modulates activity of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), a structure which provides inhibitory input to dLGN. While several cholinergic nuclei have been shown to innervate dLGN and TRN, it is unclear how projections from each area are organized. Furthermore, little is known of how or ...


Girls’ Internalizing Symptoms And White Matter Tracts In Cortico-Limbic Circuitry, Ola Mohamed Ali 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Girls’ Internalizing Symptoms And White Matter Tracts In Cortico-Limbic Circuitry, Ola Mohamed Ali

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Dysfunction in cortico-limbic circuitry is implicated in internalizing disorders, but less is known about whether structural abnormalities precede disorder, thus potentially marking risk. I therefore examined associations between white matter tract integrity in cortico-limbic circuitry at age 7, obtained using Diffusion Tensor Imaging, and concurrent and longitudinal patterns of internalizing symptoms, over a 5-year period, in 42 typically developing girls. Using Automated Fiber Quantification, diffusion properties were examined at multiple points along tract length (cf., an average diffusion measure of the entire tract). Concurrent internalizing symptoms were associated with reduced fractional anisotropy in segments of the cingulum bundle and uncinate ...


Modeling And Mapping Addiction In The Zebrafish, Danio Rerio, Bradley Serpa 2018 Kennesaw State University

Modeling And Mapping Addiction In The Zebrafish, Danio Rerio, Bradley Serpa

Master of Science in Integrative Biology Theses

Driven by the communication of dopamine, the vertebrate reward system has been evolutionarily conserved to maintain survival and optimize fitness. The neural circuits governing this system integrate sensory stimuli to produce appropriate, self-preserving responses that underlie experience-based learning. In the most primitive vertebrates, dopamine release in neuronal circuits drives homeostatic behaviors, such as seeking nutrients, finding a mate, or avoiding danger. From agnathans to mammals, dopaminergic synthesis and signaling genes and molecules, along with neuronal pathways and reward system-based behaviors, remain highly conserved. Dopamine signaling proteins include two classes of metabotropic G-Protein Receptor Coupled Dopamine Receptors, D1-like (DRD1) and D2-like ...


Loss Of Sarm1 Does Not Suppress Motor Neuron Degeneration In The Sod1g93a Mouse Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Owen M. Peters, Elizabeth A. Lewis, Jeannette M. Osterloh, Alexandra Weiss, Johnny Salameh, Jake P. Metterville, Robert H. Brown Jr., Marc R. Freeman 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Loss Of Sarm1 Does Not Suppress Motor Neuron Degeneration In The Sod1g93a Mouse Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Owen M. Peters, Elizabeth A. Lewis, Jeannette M. Osterloh, Alexandra Weiss, Johnny Salameh, Jake P. Metterville, Robert H. Brown Jr., Marc R. Freeman

Neurobiology Publications

Axon degeneration occurs in all neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular pathways regulating axon destruction during neurodegeneration are poorly understood. Sterile Alpha and TIR Motif Containing 1 (Sarm1) is an essential component of the prodegenerative pathway driving axon degeneration after axotomy and represents an appealing target for therapeutic intervention in neurological conditions involving axon loss. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by rapid, progressive motor neuron degeneration and muscle atrophy, causing paralysis and death. Patient tissue and animal models of ALS show destruction of upper and lower motor neuron cell bodies and loss of their associated axons. Here, we investigate whether ...


Immature Auditory Evoked Potentials In Children With Moderate-Severe Developmental Language Disorder., Elaine Yuen Ling Kwok, Marc F Joanisse, Lisa Archibald, Janis Oram Cardy 2018 Health and Rehabilitation Science, Western University

Immature Auditory Evoked Potentials In Children With Moderate-Severe Developmental Language Disorder., Elaine Yuen Ling Kwok, Marc F Joanisse, Lisa Archibald, Janis Oram Cardy

Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications

Purpose: Immature auditory processing has been proposed to underlie language impairments in children with developmental language disorder (DLD; also known as specific language impairment). Using newly available normative auditory evoked potential (AEP) waveforms, we estimated AEP maturity in individual children with DLD and explored whether this maturational index was related to their language abilities.

Method: AEPs were elicited by 225 trials of a 490-Hz pure tone. Using intraclass correlation and our previously established normative AEP waveforms of 7- to 10-year-old children with typical development, we estimated the age equivalent of the AEPs (AEP-age) from 21 children with DLD. The relation ...


Neuronal Modulation Of Brown Adipose Activity Through Perturbation Of White Adipocyte Lipogenesis, Adilson L. Guilherme, David J. Pedersen, Felipe Henriques, Alexander H. Bedard, Elizabeth Henchey, Mark Kelly, Donald A. Morgan, Kamal Rahmouni, Michael P. Czech 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Neuronal Modulation Of Brown Adipose Activity Through Perturbation Of White Adipocyte Lipogenesis, Adilson L. Guilherme, David J. Pedersen, Felipe Henriques, Alexander H. Bedard, Elizabeth Henchey, Mark Kelly, Donald A. Morgan, Kamal Rahmouni, Michael P. Czech

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVE: Crosstalk between adipocytes and local neurons may be an important regulatory mechanism to control energy homeostasis. We previously reported that perturbation of adipocyte de novo lipogenesis (DNL) by deletion of fatty acid synthase (FASN) expands sympathetic neurons within white adipose tissue (WAT) and stimulates the appearance of "beige" adipocytes. Here we tested whether WAT DNL activity can also influence neuronal regulation and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Induced deletion of FASN in all adipocytes in mature mice (iAdFASNKO) enhanced sympathetic innervation and neuronal activity as well as UCP1 expression in both WAT and BAT. This ...


Analysis Of Novel Caudal Hindbrain Genes Reveals Different Regulatory Logic For Gene Expression In Rhombomere 4 Versus 5/6 In Embryonic Zebrafish, Priyanjali Ghosh, Jennifer M. Maurer, Charles G. Sagerstrom 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Analysis Of Novel Caudal Hindbrain Genes Reveals Different Regulatory Logic For Gene Expression In Rhombomere 4 Versus 5/6 In Embryonic Zebrafish, Priyanjali Ghosh, Jennifer M. Maurer, Charles G. Sagerstrom

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: Previous work aimed at understanding the gene regulatory networks (GRNs) governing caudal hindbrain formation identified morphogens such as Retinoic Acid (RA) and Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), as well as transcription factors like hoxb1b, hoxb1a, hnf1ba, and valentino as being required for rhombomere (r) r4-r6 formation in zebrafish. Considering that the caudal hindbrain is relatively complex - for instance, unique sets of neurons are formed in each rhombomere segment - it is likely that additional essential genes remain to be identified and integrated into the caudal hindbrain GRN.

METHODS: By taking advantage of gene expression data available in the Zebrafish Information Network ...


Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully APC Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Mapping Molecular Datasets Back To The Brain Regions They Are Extracted From: Remembering The Native Countries Of Hypothalamic Expatriates And Refugees, Arshad M. Khan, Alice H. Grant, Anais Martinez, Gully Apc Burns, Brendan S. Thatcher, Vishwanath T. Anekonda, Benjamin W. Thompson, Zachary S. Roberts, Daniel H. Moralejo, James E. Blevins

Arshad M. Khan, Ph.D.

This article, which includes novel unpublished data along with commentary and analysis,
focuses on approaches to link transcriptomic, proteomic, and peptidomic datasets mined from
brain tissue to the original locations within the brain that they are derived from using digital atlas
mapping techniques. We use, as an example, the transcriptomic, proteomic and peptidomic
analyses conducted in the mammalian hypothalamus. Following a brief historical overview, we
highlight studies that have mined biochemical and molecular information from the hypothalamus
and then lay out a strategy for how these data can be linked spatially to the mapped locations in a
canonical brain atlas ...


Ephrinb3 Modulates Hippocampal Neurogenesis And The Reelin Signaling Pathway In A Pilocarpineinduced Model Of Epilepsy, Tian-Tian Liu, Yi Li, Yi Shu, Bo Xiao, Li Feng 2018 Central South University

Ephrinb3 Modulates Hippocampal Neurogenesis And The Reelin Signaling Pathway In A Pilocarpineinduced Model Of Epilepsy, Tian-Tian Liu, Yi Li, Yi Shu, Bo Xiao, Li Feng

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

EphrinB3 is important in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and migration via cellcell contact, and can activate the reelin pathway during brain development. However, the effect of ephrinB3 on hippocampal neurogenesis and the reelin pathway in epilepsy remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the expression of ephrinB3 in pilocarpineinduced status epilepticus (SE) rats was investigated. SYBR Greenbased reverse transcriptionquantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis, immunohistochemical labeling and western blot analysis were used to detect the gene and protein expression levels of ephrinB3 and reelin pathway proteins. Immunofluorescence staining of doublecortin (DCX) was utilized to analyze hippocampal neurogenesis ...


Modeling Emmetropization In An Incessantly Moving Eye, Michele Rucci, Jonathan D. Victor 2018 University of Rochester

Modeling Emmetropization In An Incessantly Moving Eye, Michele Rucci, Jonathan D. Victor

MODVIS Workshop

Many questions remain unanswered regarding the specific cues and mechanisms for emmetropization, the process by which, during development, the eye adjusts itself so that distant objects are in focus. Research has so far primarily focused on the spatial cues present in the image on the retina, such as the degree of blur. However, eye movements incessantly transform a mostly static scene into temporal modulations, so that the input to the retina is not an image, but a spatiotemporal flow of luminance. Models of retinal input signals indicate that this space-time reformatting caused by eye movements yields additional cues to the ...


An Active Efficient Coding Model Of The Development Of Amblyopia, Samuel Eckmann, Lukas Klimmasch, Bertram Shi, Jochen Triesch 2018 Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies

An Active Efficient Coding Model Of The Development Of Amblyopia, Samuel Eckmann, Lukas Klimmasch, Bertram Shi, Jochen Triesch

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Targeting Of Central Nucleus Projections To Extramodular Zones Of The Lateral Cortex Of The Inferior Colliculus In Developing Mouse, Isabel D. Lamb-Echegaray 2018 James Madison University

Targeting Of Central Nucleus Projections To Extramodular Zones Of The Lateral Cortex Of The Inferior Colliculus In Developing Mouse, Isabel D. Lamb-Echegaray

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

The multimodal lateral cortex of the inferior colliculus (LCIC) exhibits a modular-extramodular micro-organization that is evident early in development. In addition to a set of neurochemical markers that reliably highlight its modular-extramodular organization, mature projection patterns in a variety of adult species suggest that major LCIC afferents also recognize and adhere to such a framework. This patch-matrix-like arrangement appears to segregate into distinct afferent streams, with somatosensory inputs targeting LCIC modules and auditory inputs targeting surrounding extramodular zones. Currently lacking is a detailed understanding of the development and shaping of multimodal LCIC afferents with respect to its modular-extramodular framework. The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress