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Current Practice Of Oral Care For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: A Survey Of The Eastern Mediterranean Blood And Marrow Transplantation Group, Hani Mawardi, Nathaniel Treister, Osama Felemban, Waleed Alamoudi, Ghada Algohary, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Nawal Alshehri, Illias Tazi, Marwan Shaheen, Mohamed Alsharani, Salem Alshemmari, Mutlu Arat, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Samar Okaily, Natasha Ali, Husam Abujazar, Wasil Jastaniah, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Sharukh Hashmi, Mahmoud Aljurf 2023 Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Current Practice Of Oral Care For Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients: A Survey Of The Eastern Mediterranean Blood And Marrow Transplantation Group, Hani Mawardi, Nathaniel Treister, Osama Felemban, Waleed Alamoudi, Ghada Algohary, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Nawal Alshehri, Illias Tazi, Marwan Shaheen, Mohamed Alsharani, Salem Alshemmari, Mutlu Arat, Mohamed Amine Bekadja, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Samar Okaily, Natasha Ali, Husam Abujazar, Wasil Jastaniah, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Sharukh Hashmi, Mahmoud Aljurf

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Introduction: The oral cavity is one of the most common sites impacted by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with acute complications including mucositis, bleeding, salivary gland dysfunction, infection, and taste alteration. These complications may result in significant morbidity and can negatively impact outcomes such as length of stay and overall costs. As such, oral care during HSCT for prevention and management of oral toxicities is a standard component of transplant protocols at all centers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the current oral care practices for patients during HSCT at different transplant centers within the Eastern Mediterranean region. …


Outcomes Of Patients With Thrombocytopenia Evaluated At Hematology Subspecialty Clinics, Zaid H. Abdel Rahman, Kevin C. Miller, Hiba Jabbour, Yaser Alkhatib, Vijaya Donthireddy 2023 Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA

Outcomes Of Patients With Thrombocytopenia Evaluated At Hematology Subspecialty Clinics, Zaid H. Abdel Rahman, Kevin C. Miller, Hiba Jabbour, Yaser Alkhatib, Vijaya Donthireddy

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background: Thrombocytopenia is a frequently encountered laboratory abnormality and a common reason for hematology referrals. Workup for thrombocytopenia is not standardized and frequently does not follow an evidence-based algorithm. We conducted a systematic analysis to evaluate the laboratory testing and outcomes of patients evaluated for thrombocytopenia at hematology clinics in a tertiary referral center between 2013 and 2016. Patient and methods: We performed a comprehensive chart review for patients evaluated for thrombocytopenia during the study period. Patients were followed for 1 year from the initial hematology evaluation and assessed for the development of a hematologic malignancy, rheumatologic, or infectious diseases …


Therapeutic Roles Of Antibody Drug Conjugates (Adcs) In Relapsed/Refractory Lymphomas, Hamza Hashmi, Alicia Darwin, Taiga Nishihori 2023 Division of Hematology/Oncology, Medical University of South Carolina, United States

Therapeutic Roles Of Antibody Drug Conjugates (Adcs) In Relapsed/Refractory Lymphomas, Hamza Hashmi, Alicia Darwin, Taiga Nishihori

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Relapsed or refractory lymphoma is commonly treated with combination chemoimmunotherapy and cellular immunotherapy. Modest response rates and associated toxicities are obstacles to achieving durable remission using traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy, especially in frail patients with advanced disease. Antibody drug conjugates represent a new class of novel targeted agents with significant improvement in therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of lymphomas. Several of these agents, which offer improved targeting, greater potency, and better therapeutic index over traditional chemotherapy, are changing the treatment landscape for lymphomas and other hematological malignancies. Despite the therapeutic potential of these agents, the delivery and release of cytotoxic agents …


Radiotherapy And Immunotherapy In Melanoma Brain Metastases, Amir Anvari, Pegah Sasanpour, Mania Rajabzadeh Kheradmardi 2023 Department of Radiation Oncology, Imam Hussein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

Radiotherapy And Immunotherapy In Melanoma Brain Metastases, Amir Anvari, Pegah Sasanpour, Mania Rajabzadeh Kheradmardi

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Background and objective: Melanoma brain metastasis (MBM) generally portends a dismal prognosis. Simultaneous use of radiotherapy (RT) and immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy demonstrated tremendous promise and emerged as the new standard. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate survival outcomes and toxicities of this combination in patients with MBM. Data analyses were performed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (version 2) and IBM SPSS software (version 27). Methods: A systematic literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library (via Wiley) was conducted using PICOS/PRISMA selection protocol and included studies to evaluate survival and safety-associated outcomes of ICI + RT for the …


Comparison Of In-Vitro 3d Human Embryoids With Current Models For Gastrulation, Jin Park 2023 Washington University in St. Louis

Comparison Of In-Vitro 3d Human Embryoids With Current Models For Gastrulation, Jin Park

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Gastrulation is an early morphogenetic process that is conserved across most metazoans and lays out the future body plan through the formation and shaping of the three germ layers: endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. Despite its importance, not much is known about the events surrounding human gastrulation that occurs in utero due to ethical and technical limitations on studying human embryos. Therefore, many researchers have devised protocols for creating in vitro models of gastrulation using embryonic stem cells. Initially starting with mouse embryonic stem cells, the field of in vitro embryo models has advanced rapidly, with protocols using human embryonic stem …


Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, MJ Lindsey 2023 Claremont McKenna College

Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, Mj Lindsey

CMC Senior Theses

Trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE) is a protracted modality of radiation therapy where radionuclides labeled with Yttrium-90 (90Y) are inserted inside a patient's hepatic artery to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While TARE has been shown to be a clinically effective and safe treatment, there is little understanding of the radiobiological relationship between absorbed dose and tissue response, and thus there is no dosimetric standard for treatment planning. The Biologically Effective Dose (BED) formalism, derived from the Linear-Quadratic model of radiobiology, is used to weigh the absorbed dose by the time pattern of delivery. BED is a virtual dose that can …


Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi 2023 Claremont Colleges

Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi

CMC Senior Theses

Chimeric Antigen Receptor T (CAR-T) cells have demonstrated anti-tumor activity against aggressive and invasive cancers such as glioblastoma (GBM); however, clinical response rates remain low in clinical trial studies. Tumor heterogeneity and tumor microenvironment conditions pose significant challenges for treatment of GBM, thus continuous optimization of CAR-T cell therapies and identification of novel, widely expressed, and highly specific GBM antigens are vital to better patient outcomes. A newly developed CAR-T cell construct incorporating chlorotoxin (CLTX) as the targeting domain exhibited broad GBM-targeting capabilities and elicited potent cytotoxic effects during preclinical studies and is currently being tested in a phase I …


College Of Natural Sciences 2022 Year-End Publication, College of Natural Sciences 2023 South Dakota State University

College Of Natural Sciences 2022 Year-End Publication, College Of Natural Sciences

College of Natural Sciences Newsletters and Reports

This is the 2022 issue of the annual College of Natural Sciences year-end publication.

Contents:
[Page] 2 Dean's message
[Page] 3 Department highlights
[Page] 4 Overview of Bold & Blue Campaign
[Page] 5 Dr. Edward Hogan recognition & endowment
[Page] 6 Career milestones
[Page] 7 Student travel and research
[Page] 8 $11 million COBRE grant
[Page] 9 Professional Science Masters & Research highlights
[Page]10 Outreach highlights throughout the state
[Page] 11 2022 events recap – join us in 2023!
[Page] 12 Updates on our VR initiative
[Page] 14 Overview of awards and recognitions from 2022


Isolation And Characterization Of Cellulose Degrading Microorganisms Generating Electricity Using Microbial Fuel Cell, Lama Fayad, Rania Amer, Ahmad Abd El Nabi, Ali Hammoud, Hoda Yusef 2022 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Beirut Arab University

Isolation And Characterization Of Cellulose Degrading Microorganisms Generating Electricity Using Microbial Fuel Cell, Lama Fayad, Rania Amer, Ahmad Abd El Nabi, Ali Hammoud, Hoda Yusef

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Global warming and the accumulation of organic waste constitute a serious environmental problem. Therefore, microbial fuel cells (MFC) are an eco-friendly device that have significant capability for the production of electricity using biodegradable waste as fuel. Microorganisms used as catalysts in the anode compartment, execute a principal function in operating MFCs. The present study was conducted to isolate and to screen potential bioelectricity generating microorganisms from dumpsite soil samples and also to construct a domestic dual-chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC). Streptomyces fimicarius was found to be the best isolate for the degradation of cellulose and the production of bioelectricity. The …


Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill 2022 Technological University of the Shannon: Midlands Midwest

Therapies For Mitochondrial Disorders, Kayli Sousa Smyth, Anne Mulvihill

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Mitochondria are cytoplasmic, double-membrane organelles that synthesise adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Mitochondria contain their own genome, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which is maternally inherited from the oocyte. Mitochondrial proteins are encoded by either nuclear DNA (nDNA) or mtDNA, and both code for proteins forming the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes of the respiratory chain. These complexes form a chain that allows the passage of electrons down the electron transport chain (ETC) through a proton motive force, creating ATP from adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This study aims to explore current and prospective therapies for mitochondrial disorders (MTDS). MTDS are clinical syndromes coupled with abnormalities …


Investigation Of The Effect Of Trace Element, Copper Chloride, On Chondrogenic Cell Line, Atdc5 Function, Alexandra Bambrick 2022 Seton Hall University

Investigation Of The Effect Of Trace Element, Copper Chloride, On Chondrogenic Cell Line, Atdc5 Function, Alexandra Bambrick

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Copper chloride (CuCl2) is an essential trace element found in humans, which helps to aid in brain and nerve function, glucose metabolism, calcium absorption, and bone formation. Bone formation utilizes a variety of cell types, including, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and chondrocytes. Chondrocytes deposit cartilage components like collagen and proteoglycans that provide the necessary scaffold for osteoblasts to synthesize and mineralize bone. Copper chloride is known to aid in osteogenesis, maintain bone metabolism, and regulate bone mineral density, but its role in chondrogenesis is still unclear (15).

In this study, it is hypothesized that CuCl2 treatments would enhance chondrogenic …


Manganese Chloride Effects Chondrogenesis Of Atdc5 Cells, Isabella Somera 2022 Seton Hall University

Manganese Chloride Effects Chondrogenesis Of Atdc5 Cells, Isabella Somera

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Manganese is an essential trace element found in humans, which aids in several processes including brain and nerve function, glucose metabolism, calcium absorption, and bone formation and homeostasis. Specifically, bone homeostasis utilizes osteoblasts and osteoclasts, cells which function to build and reabsorb bone respectively, as well as chondrocytes, cells which aid in endochondral ossification. Chondrocytes deposit extracellular matrix components, such as aggrecan, collagen, and proteoglycans, that provide the necessary scaffold for osteoblasts to synthesize and mineralize bone. Activation of the rapamycin (mTOR) pathway influences the regulation of several cellular processes, such as skeletal development and bone homeostasis. In this study, …


Bis-Indolyl Compounds And The Induction Of Apoptosis In T98g Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells, Margot C. Brown 2022 Seton Hall University

Bis-Indolyl Compounds And The Induction Of Apoptosis In T98g Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells, Margot C. Brown

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

1,1-bis(3’idolyl)-1(aryl)methane compounds (BIM compounds) have been shown to have anti-cancer properties in colon cancer, bladder cancer, and leukemia cells. The purpose of this work was to determine if BIM compounds could be an effective treatment of glioblastoma multiforme. Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assays showed that 20µM of the BIM compounds could inhibit cellular proliferation of the T98G glioblastoma multiforme cell line over 72 hours. Then immunoblotting was used to analyze the molecular pathway induced by BIM compounds. An increase in the expression of both BAX and cleaved caspase 3 suggest BIM compounds activate programmed cell death, or apoptosis in glioblastoma cells. …


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Insulin And Magnesium On Bone Homeostasis In A 3d Bone Model, Katherine Lefferts 2022 Seton Hall University

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Insulin And Magnesium On Bone Homeostasis In A 3d Bone Model, Katherine Lefferts

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Bone is a dynamic tissue that undergoes formation, degradation, and repair in a constant state of remodeling. Bone remodeling is performed and regulated by three cell types: osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts. Bone homeostasis, the balance of bone formation and resorption, is regulated by biologically active substances secreted by the three bone cell types, as well as circulating hormones and proteins in the body. Insulin is the main anabolic hormone in the body, and its effects on bone homeostasis and regulation are still being uncovered. Magnesium is a trace element that is critical to bone homeostasis. It affects the secretion of …


The Role Of Long Non-Coding Rna (Lncrna) In The Organization Of Nuclear Bodies, SooBin An 2022 Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA, United States.

The Role Of Long Non-Coding Rna (Lncrna) In The Organization Of Nuclear Bodies, Soobin An

Symposium of Student Scholars

Nuclear bodies (NBs) (e.g., the nucleolus, nuclear speckles, and others) are membraneless compartments within the eukaryotic cell nucleus that selectively accumulate and retain specific nuclear proteins. NBs have become a new interest in recent discoveries because of their potential involvement in cancer and neurological disorders. However, the regulation and function of NBs are still enigmatic. Our laboratory studies a specific type of NBs, called B-bodies, to understand how NBs are formed and regulated in the nucleus. We hypothesized that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) functions as a structural scaffold of NBs.

The B-body is a recently discovered NB expressed in the …


Assessing Selective Export Of Fluorescent Ssa4 Reporters, Caroline Firmin, Rebecca Adams 2022 Belmont University

Assessing Selective Export Of Fluorescent Ssa4 Reporters, Caroline Firmin, Rebecca Adams

Science University Research Symposium (SURS)

The process of creating proteins from mRNA is necessary for cell viability. Importantly, the proteins that are generated are differentially regulated so that the cell makes specific proteins in response to its environment. For example, mRNA is selectively exported during stress conditions to allow response to this stress. During heat shock at 42°C, in which proteins are denatured, the gene SSA4 encodes a selectively transported protein chaperone that allows refolding of denatured proteins. This study sought to explore the mechanisms of this selective export. To do this, I analyzed the expression of a fluorescent reporter wherein GFP is expressed with …


Role Of Parp1 And Nad+ Bioavailability In Base Excision And Single-Strand Break Repair, Kate M. Saville 2022 University of South Alabama

Role Of Parp1 And Nad+ Bioavailability In Base Excision And Single-Strand Break Repair, Kate M. Saville

Theses and Dissertations

High-grade gliomas (HGGs) are malignant, highly metabolically active brain tumors. HGGs are associated with poor patient outcome, attributed to resistance to current therapies, with a survival rate between 12 to 15 months. Gliomas are highly complex tumors, making targeted therapy difficult, highlighting the need for novel approaches and new treatment options. In addition, a large percentage of HGGs are comprised of glioma stem cells (GSCs) that further contribute to therapeutic resistance. Notable characteristics of GSCs are a heightened DNA damage response (DDR) and elevated replication stress that could provide opportunities for therapeutic targeting. A notable feature of many glioma tumors …


Novel Regulators Of Human Gene Expression, Alexander Coley 2022 University of South Alabama

Novel Regulators Of Human Gene Expression, Alexander Coley

Theses and Dissertations

The human genome is rife with regulatory elements that control whether genes are expressed or silenced. While regulatory elements such as epigenomic modifications, transcription factors, promoters, and enhancers are well established, there still remain regulatory elements that are poorly characterized or even undiscovered. In recent years, noncoding RNAs derived from small nucleolar RNAs were identified and linked to gene regulation in a variety of human cancers. Adding to the growing understanding of these sdRNAs, we performed a computational analysis of castration-resistant prostate cancer patient data and identified 38 sdRNAs as significantly overexpressed in CRPC. Two of these, sdRNA-D19B and sdRNA-A24, …


Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning 2022 University of South Alabama

Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning

Theses and Dissertations

Early-stage colorectal lesions remain difficult to detect. Early development of neoplasia tends to be small (less than 10 mm) and flat and difficult to distinguish from surrounding mucosa. Additionally, optical diagnosis of neoplasia as benign or malignant is problematic. Low rates of detection of these lesions allow for continued growth in the colorectum and increased risk of cancer formation. Therefore, it is crucial to detect neoplasia and other non-neoplastic lesions to determine risk and guide future treatment. Technology for detection needs to enhance contrast of subtle tissue differences in the colorectum and track multiple biomarkers simultaneously. This work implements one …


Investigations Into Prg-2 And Its Involvement In Developing Gallus Gallus Retinal Neurons, Jeffrey Parham 2022 Winthrop University

Investigations Into Prg-2 And Its Involvement In Developing Gallus Gallus Retinal Neurons, Jeffrey Parham

Graduate Theses

I am interested in the development of the nervous system, especially since during development nerves grow and extend, but in adults, they do not regenerate if damaged. We are specifically interested in the molecules that guide nerves to the correct target during their development. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive molecule that has been shown to play a role in neural development. LPA, through repeated studies, has been shown to stop neurons from growing by causing a physical change in a neuron’s growth cone (a structure used for navigation and growth). Recently, a novel set of genes, called PRGs, have …


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